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These easily with a FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE The out-break of the foot-and mouth disease has already affected an area so large that it is evident that most active measures are nec cesi'ary to eradicate it. Cases have been found as far apart as Iowa and Massachusetts and at the time of this writing (Nov. 10) 13 states have been quarantnned—Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Ii.diana, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, Maryland, Iowa, Rhode IsV.nd New Jersey and Delaware. Interstate shipments of live stock from these states are absolutely prohibited and such articles as hides, a firm foothold. One of the most frequently, the teats are affected dangerous moved in interstate commerce. Both in virulence and in extend of -area affected the present outbreak is more serious than any of the five previous ones which have occurred in the United States. These previous outbreaks have not been sufficiently serious either to familiarize farmers with the symptoms of the disease or to render them fully alive to the losses that it occasions when permitted to gain a firm foothold. One of its most dangerous characteristics i* its •extreme contageou»nes*. Not only may it be conveyed directly •directly from one animal to another, but it may be transported in fodder, picked up from the ground and carried by cats, dogs, and •rhick»n», or commlunicated through the agency of man Cases have already been found in which it seems certain that the disease was spread by the curiosity of farmers to inspect the suffering animal They returned from these visits to communicate the disease to their kown previouly healthy herds. The contageousness of the disease explains the action of the Fed eral authorities in quaranteening such large areas. The practice i» to clap a blanket of quarantine on the State in which a case of the dis ease has been found, and then, by careful investigation, determine the exact area infected- When an animal suffering from foot-and mouth disease is discovered in a herd the whole herd is at once slaughtered. Otherwise it would remain a dangerous souice of infec tion and be a menace to the entire community. It is customary to appoint an appraiser to value the herd. One half of the appraised value is paid to the owner by the Federal Government and one-half by the state. The slaughtered animals are buried in a deep tiench, their hides slaved to make it useless for anyone to dig them up again and the carcasses are saturated with quicklime- In this manner pre vious outbreaks have been comlpletely stamped out and theTe is every reason to hope that this will be the case this year. The chief dan ger is that there may be infected herds whose existance is not report ed to the proper authorities. Farmers are therefore urged, both for their own protection and as a duty to their neighbors, to report im mediately ail cases of suspicious sore mouth or lameness ami their •stock. Foot and mouh disease affects chiefly cattle, t'heep, goats and swine but there are a number of other animals of less commercial val ue which are also susceptable. Occasionally human beings are af fected, but in the majority of instances the disease is not severe in the case of man. Children, however, may become dangerously ill if their milk is infected. The first indications of the disease are a chill followed by a high fever, the temperature rising rapidly, sometimes to 106 degrees F. In a short time visicles about the size of the pea appear in the mouth at the end of the tongue, on the inside of the cheeks, and on the gums. visicles -as the disease advances and cause the animal to open its mouth un- characteristic!* contain a yellowish wattery liquit- They spread characteristic smacking sound- A day or two after trie first appearance of the eruptions in the mouth similar indications ap pear upon the feet, which are swolen, red, and tender. Because of this the animal frequently persists in lying down, and bedsores de velop with much rapidity. In the case of cows by seriousness losses it occasions, is very small, being estimated at 5 per cent, al-1 though it frequently is much greater than this. The mortality, how ever, by no mean8 represents the real losses occasioned by the di sease. No revenue is possible from infected herds, and in the cafe of dairymen an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease frequently mean' that their business is completely ruined. Blooded or other cattle that have become sick with the disease naturally lose their val'ie as breeding animals. It is, however, impossible to get rid of the di sease by ignoring it. The only possible remedy is to kill off infected herds, disinfect the premises, and begin all over again- What the disease means to those countries where it has gained a real grip i* shown by the fact that on its last aged live sUnk in France, Italy, Belgium, is its t^c udder and more a similar eruption. Once the disease is well established it become* so painful lor the animal to eat that food is frequently refused altogether. Strings of saliva hang from the mouth and flesh is lost with astonishing rapid ity. When the u^der is seriously affected the milk becomes contam inated and may cause serious results to suckling calve and young pigs- In mild case from 1 0 to 20 days may bring about an apparant recovery, but this time may be greatly extended. Morover, an ap parant recovery by no means implies a real cure. 1 he animal may carry the virus in its blood for a year or more and is 'iable during all this time to spread the contagion or to experience a recurrence itself, The mortality, considering the ci the disease and the serious many the German government spent $2,000,000 in fighting it. In 1890official statistics showed that in the German Empire 431,235 head oi cattle, 230,868 sheep and goats, and 153.S08 swine weie ,affectcd with the disease. During the same year pestilence outbreak inGer- 7 my- Austria-Hungary, land, Roumania, and Bulgaria. In ©83 it was es: mated that the disease cost England $5,000,000. On the occasion of the last out break in the United States in 1908 $3,000,000 was appropriated by Congress and with the exception of a few hundred dollars it was spent in stamping out the disease. This of course does not include the indirect loss caused by the interruption of business and other fac tor®. While tHe Federal Government is active in fighting the disease through its power to control interstate commerce, cooperation on the part of the State authorities is most essential- The quarantin ing individually of infected farms is a State matter, and it is of course a most essential precaution. Farms on which the di~ease has broken ou. should be ,-idgidly cuarantined a if some eon tig-ous human disease had been foun^. Since the germ can be transported by cats, dogs, chickens or human beings, nothing should be allowed to leave the farm until the proper disinfecting measures have been taken. In particular, farmers are urged to keep away themselves, .and to assist in keeping others away from all infected animals. The Switzer /OLUME XI PUBLISHED AT VALLEY COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER, 20. 1314 Photo by American Press Association. WE Watch for the Date of the Big Farmers Mass Meeting Which Will Be Called in Beach By Mayor Brinton To Lay Before the Farmers the Boycott Situation in Beach, Those Who Are Back of It—and a Remedy Golden \Dalley Chronicle A Newspaper that Causes Comment in a Town that is Talked 'HERTS THANKSGIVING DINNER. Notice to the Public WISH TO ANNOUNCE TO the public that we have formed a partner ship and will hereafter conduct Beach's pioneer studio under our joint management €|Both having had long experience in the studio business we are prepared to do all classes of picture work, including the very latest things in photos €JOur prices are very reasonable on everything and if you are contemplating having pictures taken, enlargements made or other photo work done, be sure and call, see samples of our work and get our prices ^JWe guarantee to please Beach's Popular Studio Johnson & Delany Photogrophers Beach, North Dakota At •out Prominent Citizen Dies Gloom Cast Over Community by UnexPected Death of D. R. Mead. Glendive, Nov. 14—Deep gloom was cast over the entire community this morning, when it became known that D. R. Mead, one of the most prominent and highly respected citizens of east ern Montana, had died suddenly and unexpectedly from heart failure- His death occurred last night shortly before midnight. When he was stricken by the attack, Doctors Hammerel and Beach were called to his assist ance, but it was apparant that he was beyond all human aid. He was lifted from he floor where he had fallen and placed upon a bed, and examination showed that life was extinct. Naturally the sad and sudden ending of this useful life is a terrible shock to everyone. Throughout all of last evening Mr. Mead was seemingly in the best of health. He conversed in his accustomed genial manner with his friends and appeared to be in the best of spirits. It is understood, however that he had an attack of heart trouble some years ago, but as far as is known he had not been bothered in that respect recently* 1 Mr. Mead was about 67 years of age, was a member of the firm of Douglas, Mead & Company, and, as is generally known, had resided in Glendive for more than 30 years. He Yvas prominent in all the affairs pertaining to the welfare of the community and enjoyed the esteem and respect of all who know him. Telegrams, giving the news of his death have been sent to his sister and other relatives in dif ferent cities of the middle west. Funeral services will be con ducted from the family residence on Sunday morning and the body will be sent to the old home at Winona, Minn., for interment. Drunken Men on Election Board Drunken Men on election board Basis for Contest in Grant Coun ty Case Dunn Also Has Le gal Tangle. Mandan, N. D., Nov. 16— Charging that election officials in the Wenger precinct were intox icated and made false returns on county division. Grant county men prepared a complaint in a contest case on the county di vision vote- Grant county division from Morton was defeated by 1 I votes and Wenger precinct turned in a vote of 49 to 0 against division. At Dunn Center, action has been started to carry to the su preme court the question of whether a two-thirds vote is nec-1 essary to change the location of the Dunn county seat. Dunn Center received a majority of the votes over Manning, but lacked! 46 of having two-thirds. Mr»- E. E- Dickinson and two: sons reurned Sunday night from a several weeks' visit at her home in Verndale, Minn. She wasj accompanied by Mrs. Louis, Harth, who was also visiting in Minnesota. Eight inspectors who do the slaughtering and disinfecting are supplied with the necessary equipment of rubber gloves, coats, beets, and hats, which can be thoroughly disinfected as often as necessary. Other® who lack this equipment merely help in spreading the disease over the country when they vis-it or inspect ®ick animals.—Department of Agriculure, Washingon, D- C- Pages NJM8ER 2 Infant Thrown 0J N. P. Train New Born Baby Found in Suit Case Between cars- Bismarck, lNov. 14— Some where in North Dakota, along the line of the Northern Pacific rail road, a new-born baby was plac ed in a suit ca»e and thrown on the coupling pins between the baggage cat and -first passenger coach of train No- 2 on the Nor thern Pacific leaving Bismarck at 7:47 Thursday night. The gruesome discovery was not. made until 1 1 o'clock yester* day morning when the North Coast Limited pulled into Eau Claire, Wis., and a brakeman opened the suit case that he had found lying on the coupling pins. WrapPed in Tribune The infant had been smother ed to death enroute. It was wrapped in a copy of the Bis marck Tribune of Thursday morning, November 1 2. Police authorities of many coun ties are already bu»y on the case. OlBuals communicaleJ with the Tribune last night to secure infor mation a8 to the hour the first co ies of Thursday morning's paper were on the streets of Bismarck, and other cities were notified be tween Bismarck and Eau Claire, The suit case in v.h'cTi the bu. by wa8 found was ''tamped with the name of the "Cosmopolitan Hotel-" Big Fie!d to Cover- To find the person guilty of placing the bundle on the train, the police have a big field to cov er- The baby could have been put on the train at a station many miles west of Bismarck and at any station there and hundreds of miles east of this city. Thursday morning the first co py of the Tribune went out on the streets at 5:10 o'clock. The pa pers for all cities east of here left Bismarck on train No 4 departing at 10:30 a. m. and the paper for western points left on the Mott train at 7:15 a. in. and she North ern Pacific Express at 11:31 a. m« The date line of the Tribune and the suit case with the name of the hotel stamped on it are the only clues to be followed. N. P. Mortgaged For 500,000,000 Mortgage Granted in Favor of a a N St. Paul, Minn., Nov. 18—A mortgage for $500,000,000, ex ecuted by the Northern Pacific railway company, in favor of the Guaranty Trust Company of New York was filed in the office of the register of deeds of Ram sey county yesterday. The instrument is called a re funding and improvement mort gage" and is dated July 1, 1914. It will mature July 1, 2047. The mortgage conveys to the Guaran ty Trust company and William S. Tod, trustee, all the railroads of the Northern Pacific system, all lease hold, properties and fran chises owned by the corporation, together with the assignment of stocks. bonds and other proper ties. The mortgage will He held by the Guaranty Trust Company and Ted, as trustee, as security for $500,000,000 in four percent gold bonds, to be issued by the Northern Pacific.