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©olden IPallcv Chroniclc
THE CHRONICLE PRINTING CO. (Incorporated) FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 11,1916 C. T. Bolstad, Editor. Entered at the post-office in Beach, Qolden Valley County, North Dakota as second class mail matter. Subscription price $1.50 per year, Canadian patrons $2.00. Advertis ing rates upon application. MEMBER N.D.RA. ACCCURACY. Nine of the passengers of the British ship Appam were interviewed by the representa tive of a New York paper the other day as they came ashore at Newport News. All of the •line were intelligent persons Several of them were persons considerable standing. None of them had any interest in tell ing anything but the truth There is no reason to believe #hait any of them did tell any thing but what tihey believed ^to be anything but correct. And yet, of the nine descrip tions given of the Gorman ship .wihich made the capture, no "twto agreed, and the vessel was described as everything rang ing from a large, well-built and -new-looking vessel, to a small dirty and disreputable-looking tramp. Thea witnesses were inteli gent aind truthful people. All iiad ample opportunity to ob serve, for the capture took place in broad daylight, and Jihe ships were brought to few fHjpit'lengths of each other. _There was nO confusion on Board the Appam. nor any pe nsion for any, for w|hen once the vessel had been halted, a JCfferirian officer ith his men boarded 'her. and thsre was no possibility of her being sunk. Yet, from these nine witnesses -nine varying descriptions were secured. The ureliaibility of the eye-" witness h«« loftg been recog nized by those whose business it is to deal with evidence. The impression vfliich an event leaves on the mind is modified ad it may be inverted or diis- orted py the mind itself. INq j, persons die samething exactly aihke. No two ihear ex actly alike. To t»st this get two persons to tell you about a fight or a speech. They will not agree as to who sitruck first or last, or as to the manner in "Which the speaker stated his most important points. Lis ten to the testimony of wit nesses in court. With the sarnie opportunity to see and hear, and wiitih full intent to tell the truth, they will contra dict each other squarely, and eadh w^ll be positive that he is right Newspapers are held up as horrible examples of inaccura cy in their relation of facts. But when it is rememibered that most of the matter which appears the newspaper has been told and retold sometimes half a dozen times, before it gets into print and that each person necessarily places his owb costruction on what he sees or wlhat is itold to 'him it Will be apparent that the mar vel is .not that mistakes are made but that it is ever possi ble to get at even the approxi mate truth. David may have been a little severe when he clared all men to be liars but ait any rate, all are humlan, with some of the tendency to inac curacy which is one of the pre vaiinp characteristic of human ity.—Grand Forks Herald... PNEUMONIA Tien er cent of the deaths in the United States result fromj pneumlonia. It is esti mated that during the past thirty days this rate has been doubled in some sections. Tub erculosis and heart diseases wheh outrank pneumonia a inong the. legion of the men of death but in certain cities pieumoaia is steadily increas ing and even has surppased the mortality from tuberculo sis. Seventy per cent of all cases osccur between Decem ber and May. It is distinctly seemingly brought by wintry blasts, but especially preva en' riuriiv:* the winter season only because its victims are rendered more susceptible at that time by efposure, debili tating influence and the pre sence of predisposing infect ions. Pneumonia principally af fects those at the extremes of *ife, but mo age is exempt. It invariably a germ disease. The predisposing and excit ing organisms are so numerous that it would be futile to at tempt their enumeration.Many of them are constantly present in the mouths and throats of healthy persons and it is only through the aid which we un wittingly extend to them that they are transformed from harmless organisms to one of man's most powerful enemies. The presence of other di seases is the greatest predis posing cause of pneumonia. They prepare the soil for in vasion. Holding first rank in this influenza, the increased incidence of pneumonia at this time being largely due tojhe la grippe. Individuals suffer ing from this infection are pec C.yjarlv susceptible to respirat ory comSpftea'tions and. should properly observe every hygen-' 't rule. Inflamation of the up per air passages, pharyngitis, brobnehitis. and tonsoiliitist oft en predispose to the develop ment of the disease articular ly among the aged and infirm. The acute contagious diseases of childhood, more especially njeasles and whooping cough, frequently prepare the way for pneuntonia. Anyone who thru neglect or carelessness permits ... ir mS" the spread of these infections -therefore open to the sever cxhau sting disease of whatever nature, is often sufficient to so reduce our resistance that are unable to cope wtith organism which should be easily overcome, and hence predisposes to the infec tion. is therefore open to the sever- condeWna£on Debility, either temporary or chronic, developing from any cause, increases suscepti bility. Because of this the di sease most often attacks those at the extremes of life. Among debilitating influences must be mentioned cold, exposure to penetrating winds, and the chilling of body surface as a result of wetting. Always on the Ford As the story goes goes, three .'auto owners died and ascend ed the pearly stairs. Good old St. Peter questioned the first as to What knd of a car he owned. When told it was a Maxwell he was enjoined to fake his place with the Pres byterians. The second stat ed that he owned a Studebak er, whereupon he was direct ed to go and sit with the Bap tists. The third was question ed closely and admitted to the old Saint that he as the owner of a Ford. "Go in and take your place with the Christian Scientist's," said Peter, *y°u just thought you had an auto." Party Lines Oblit erated in House Clark and Mann Work Side by Side—Presence of Speaker Lined With the Prepared ness Advocates Much inter est. Washington, Feb. 7—Speak er Clarke and Republican Leader Mann fought side by side in the house today for ad equate national defense. With party lines obliterated, most of the merWbers followed their leaders and the two navy mea sures passed witthout a dissen ting vote. One measure to provide for adding three hundred midship mien to the entering class at Annapolis next July, passed. 173 to 0, and the other, to equip the navy yards or con duction of battleship Nos. 43 and 44, passed without a roll call. Mr. Mann tried to put the antiprepairedness advocates on record by calling for a division on the naval academy bill, but there was no negative respon se. Clarke Causes Interest The appearance of Speaker Clarke on the floor to champ ion preparedness measures arouse wide interest. Rumors persisted that he would take active charge of the fight to increase the arm and navy. Mayor Leader Kitchin having joined the opposition. Irrjmediate improvement of the navy by designing new bat tleships along the lines of the best now in use, doubling the memfctrthip both at Annapo lis and West Point., creation of irany additional regiments for armj, and short term enlist ments to produce thc reserve were among suggestions made by the speaker. He said he ex pected to discuss the subject of prepa&edness generally soon. Reiterates Plea. Mr Mann reiterated his pre vious pleas for a larger" army and navy and aided in maneu vering the bills to passage. "This is not the time for criiri'nation and recrimination, be said. "It is not the time to find fault with that which has been. It is the time for all to join hands for that which has corr-is." The debate wfcnt far ahead of the measures under consid eration, extending to the gen eral subject of military prepar edness. Mr. Clarke urged K&'ste in getting new battleships into comtmvssion. He asked Chair man Padgett of the naval com irfi'Jtee why it Would not be a good plan to pattern the two battleships, Nos 43 and 44, after the United States ships afloat and pet them completed. Has Improvements. "Simnlv because," Mr. Pad gett said, "the chief of the bur eau of construction told us that he had plans already worked out that woud make decided improvements against torpedo attacks." "Why do t'heymot put those plans into operation?" the speaker continued. "They will," Mr. Padgett said, "as soon as they get au thority provided in this resolu tion." Three Near Ready. Representative Padgett told the house that three ships— the Oklahoma, Nevada and Pennslyvania, regarded as the three best in the world at the time they wlere designed and laid dowln. would be complet ed and put into commission during this year, two of them in the early summer, one in the autunrin. **Evea if any emergency GOLDEN VALLEY CHRONICLE should arise." he said, "a very srrjiall resolution of congress carrying the necessary appro priation could provide for ex tra ships." Has Own Wireless in Farm Home Fessenden. N. D. Feb. 4— The distinction of being the first farmer's club in the world to receive state, national and world news by wfxeless prob aly belongs to the Pioneer Far mers' Club of Steele county One of the active mjembers is a radio telegraph operator, who has erected and installed his own wlireless equipmnt by means of which he sends and deceives messages to and from all parts of the continent. This is John G. Baldwin, a univer sity graduate who lives with his parents three miles south east Sherbrocke. Every evening, after the chores are done, John hies him self to an upper room of the farm, houise. where his batter i93, coils, dynamios, receivers, transmitters and electrical whatnot quiver and and snap, and puts the receiver to his ear for from the World, while his jparents artfl brothers and sisters sit in the rooms below and read the daily papers conta'rimg the news which he read from ethereal viaves 40 to 48 hours before. They read frc the printed page bv the electric lights which he has installed and he reads dots and dashes from the air. He cain tune his instru ments to near or far senders and gets his messages from all points of the continent. Last Saturday evening he jotted dciwfa a few items of interest, ithen hitched up a team and drove to the club meeting at a neighbors'. Here he read off msWs items which appeared in th Monday papers of the next week such as that of the Great Northern train struck by an av alanche and Chicago reports on the great floods in Illinois. FARGO FIRM GETS BISMARCK HOTEL Bismarck. Feb. 3—=Gftiieral bids for wor'. Bkiriarck's new $1 OO/oOQ hotel wtere op ened last might and tihe con tracts for tihe general construc t'on wiork Was let to the Mien ike Building comtpainy of Far ?o, their bid being slightly un der $39,000. Grambs & Pe^t of Bismarck, were awarded the contract for the plumibing and heating work, their bid being $8.300. Ralph Sanders of Bismarck, secured the contract to install the electric wiring, telephone system his bid be in $ 2 1 0 0 Work on the construction of the capital city's new hotel will be commenced soon as tihe snow is gone and excavation work can be started. Work will be rushed fromt the start and the expectation is that the building will be practically completed and ready for occu pancy about Dec. 1 W A Peck, better farming expert in one of the western counties, discovered a fine looking. fat turkey on his desk one morning, a week ago. He took it home and had it roast ed. and he and'his family had a royal feed. Two days later he received a letter in his morning mail, which read something like this: "Dear Mr Peck: We want you settle a dispute. I left a turkey on your desk the other day, when you were out. Will you please look it over and let me know What you think it died of I 600,000 FENCE Begins Monday, To Celebrate Opening of Bridge One of the most pictures que events ever held in tjit state will mark the dedication the Red Trail bridge at Med ora in May or early June. Pre sident W Turner and Set* retary John Orchard of the Red Trail associations state that plans are being formulat ed for a rousing celebration. Delegations afcmg the route probably will be urged to make the trip in automobiles, This event doubtless will be a most interesting and unique affair. Governor Hanna of North Dakota, Governor Stewart of Montana and Governor Burnquist of Minnesota are expected to be present and as sist in the dedication. Two of these officials have formerly accepted the invitation. One of the features planned fs a good road demonstration, inl which farmers and city dwellers wfill take part, show ing the practical side of the problem and what each one can do to assist in road main tenance A canvas of the situation indicates that motor travel over the Red Trail will be es pecially heavy the Blue Book, an official automobile guide, is featuring the Red Trail and several mountain resorts are oing excellent work in ad tising the scenic route. The bridge at Medora has given the good roads move ment an iir,Detus along the en tire route Burleigh county es pecially is being urged to nut a stretch of road east of Mc Kenzie in shape. County Coirjmissioner S. J. Nagel of OUR SECOND ANNUAL SALE OF 3 and 4-inch 7-foot Round White Cedar PAY FOR THEM NEXT FALL OR 10 PER CENT DISCOUNT FOR CASH Your Ordet Will Be Accepted For Any Quantity of 50 or More AT LESS THAN USUAL CARLOAD PPIPFC This Offer Expires cn March 1st, or EEFCHE if Pi eccnt Supply is exhausted. Call at Our Local Office for Prices, or Write for Order Bfook Haul them out whenever you need them, tut p!ec6 ycur crde at once and sign up. No verbal orders accepted. Simplysicnr our regular sales ticket PAYABLE NEXT FALL-- Oct. 1st —NO INTEREST if you pay on or before Oct. I st. If You Pay Cash Now You Will Get 10 per cent off for cash and you can haul later. NO MORE SPECIAL POST PRICES this year when these posts are sold out. NO FIGURING NECESSARY-ONE PRICE TO ALL Thompson Yards, Inc. Peach, Golva, Carlyle and OUie S&n Francisco, Morton county has promised to improve the road known as Eagle Nest flats between Glen Ullin and Hebrou. State Engineer Bliss of Bis marck and Engineer Veigel of Dickinson left Wednesday to inspect the Medora bridge and probably will accept the work, all cf which has been done, with the exception of the pain ting, which must be left for warmJer weather. The erection of this $18,000 bridge through popular sub scription is unipue in the an nals of motor routes.An ex cellent crossing has been made at Medora. This alone should increase maten-iiallv the traffic over the Red Trail this sum mer. A MINNEAPOLIS OPINION OF NORTH DAKOTA CEDAR POSTS Morning, Febr. 14th. A GoJa Medal Winner (Minneapolis Journal under the head:"North Dakota Must Straighten out." FOR SUPERIOR QUALITY (rnffi Send for Trial Plan Write for Catalogue THE MARTIN BAND INSTRUMENT CO. ELKHART 1NDIAMA Senator Gronna presented to the Senate on Saturday res olutions adopted by the Bur leisrh County's Farmer* Union of Bismarck, North Dakota, opposing an increase in arm- California aiments. The resolutions scar cely do the farmers justice. The people of Florida are sending up resolutions in fav or of armaments. The North Dakota resolutions closed writh a demand on Congress to re deerri all pledges made to the: farmers and to enact a rural credits law. a law against gamb ling in produce options on boards of trade, a law provid ing for national standards for grain grading and inspection, and a law creating a national bureau of markets. We call to the attention of the farmers of North Dakota that all these demands are purely selfish to themselves. The people have paid them high prices for their wheat this season, and they should more grateful than to insist on so narrow a view. When you want job print ing done call ut the Chronicle office and a Chronicle repre senitative will call on you im mdiately and give you esti mates as to cost, etc.