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VALLEY CITY, NORTH DAKOTA.
QMKNWOOD A HOUGHTALINQ
iption, $1.50 a Year, In Advance
Batered at the Postofflce in Valley
atJ, N. Dak., as second class mail
A VERY POPULAR MOVEMENT.
Probably no movement in North Da
kota in recent years has met with such
universal favor as North Dakota Ap
preciation Week, which was presented
by the North Dakota Press association
and which was made an official act
of the state through a special procla
mation by Governor Hanna, naming
the the week of Nov. 14 to 20 as the
official week. Briefly outlined, the
plan is to have every newspaper issue
special booster edition during that
week, filled with special matter pre
pared by the commissioner of agricul
ture at Bismarck, together with local
writeups of the local communities.
Jjirgp numbers of extra copies of these
papers are to be mailed to other parts
of the country. In addition to this,
commercial clubs and community or
ganizations are to hold dinners with
special programs of North Dakota ad
dresses, all churches are requested to
hold special North Dakota services on
Sunday, Nov. 14, and Friday, Nov. 19,
has been set aside by the schools of
There seems to be some misunder
etanding about the reports sent out
that Dr. Craighead had been selected
by the board of regents for commis
sioner of education. He was chosen
to supervise the educational survey,
but was not elected commissioner. The
commissioner will not be selected until
the survey is completed or even later,
the state for special North Dakota ex
ercises, when prize essays will be read,
special music rendered and other ap
propriate features given.
North Dakota has enjoyed great pros
perity this year. This state stands at
the top of the whole country in the de
partment of agriculture reports from
Washington in point of value of all
crops. There is every opportunity for
expressing our appreciation of the vir
tues, opportunities and resources of
our state and we are well justified in
making known her greatness to others.
We will all unite in making North Da
kota Appreciation Week a week long
to be remembered because of its per
manent value to us.
The Times-Record is making prepa
rations to issue a big booster edition
for that week. We wish to secure
from farmers and others concise state
ments of their experience and success
es since coming to North Dakota.
These are the facts which will make
a booster edition of value to the city
and county and it is these facts that
the Times-Record wishes to secure
within the next week or ten days.
North Dakota is probably not con
sideral warlike or prepared for war.
However, it is quite likely Barnes
county could lick Rhode Island or Mex
ico. By using kernels of wheat for
shells after drilling and inserting ex
plosives, they could be blown through
the straws on the principles of a wind
stacker, and a quarter section- would
furnish enough ammunition to deluge
and overcome the enemy.
A sentiment recently expressed by
loyal American should be endorsed
without argument. He said: "If there
Is anyone in this country who feels
that he can't give the United States
loyal support in its troubles today,
after all this country has done for him,
tben for heaven's sake let him get
The last number of the Grant Coun
ty Tribune, C. K. Bassett's paper pub
lished at Hyannis, Neb., shows a final
proof of a homestead for Mr. Bassett.
The people of Valley City will be
pleased to hear of his success since
leaving the Barnes county metropolis.
The Mandan Pioneer man went
natty over the "Only Two Vacant
Honses in Valley City" article, and de
clares there is not a vacant house in
Mandan. It's a cinch the squirrels in
the woods along the Missouri will not
It will not be long until the cam'
paign committees are around to tell
the people how hard up they are and
the saving of the country depends up
on the election of their party candi
About the time the papers were
printing dispatches saying the presi
dent would be married Nov. 10 it was
also learned that the prospective
'bride had been given a clay rolling
Winter may be coming on and the
«oal man will want seven-tenths of
your wages, but with the recall of
such days as these all will be forgiven.
It was easy to "recognize "Car
nnxa. Nobody could have guessed
on those whiskers.
Moat everybody Is talking aboat th«
autumn tang in the air and there isn't
a packing house in the state.
Kings are having a hard time these
days with but one exception, and that
is King Cotton.
Colonel Goethals will have to double
track the Panama canal before every
body will be satisfied.
Who was it that gave the priceless
thought to the "world that you can
make a fountain pen drink, but a pen
cil must be lead?
These are the days when a man will
carry a heavy gun, a hundred shells,
walk all day long, kill a mud hen—
and call it sport.
People should break away from the
daily grind long enough to enthuse
a little over the beautiful tints with
which autumn is tinging the trees
Americans are rapidly getting the
knack of making the products we
formerly imported from Germany.
They are now producing Limburger
cheese of the regular horse power.
Did you ever see one of those "su
perior" persons, acting as if the well
fare of the world depended upon his
very nod, without having a deep yearn
ing come stealing through your soul
to soak it on the beak with a blue silk
stocking filled with luke warm mud?
MILLIONS TAKEN FROM FARMERS
St. Paul News: The organized mar
ket raiders who operate on the great
terminal markets of the country, are
now doing business on full time, and
the farmers of the northwest are be
ing fleeced out of hundreds of mil
lions of dollars. As the new crop
approached maturity, and before even
a bushel of it had reached the mar
kets, with elevators empty and the
freight cars waiting for a call to ac
tion, the manipulators forced down
the price of wheat, oats, and barley
until on an average from one-half
to one-third of the entire value of
the year's crop is taken.
On the basis of Liverpool prices
the market raiders are now taking a
toll from the farmers on wheat over
and above all legitimate charges and
commissions of 60 cents per 100
weight, or 35 cents per bushel. On
oats they are taking more—74 cents
per 100 weight, or 23% cents per bush
el. Reader, the above statement
scarcely seems possible, does it?
Here are the figures:
Wheat, American, No. 1. Nor.
Liverpool lis 3d
In our money, per 100 lbs $2.70
Duluth, same grade, 93c bu.,
or 100 lbs 1.15
Spread between Duluth and
Handling cost, insurance,
ocean freight, elevator
charge and 2 cents commis
sion for handling 54
Amount taken over fair profit
and all cost of handling ...$ .61
American oats, Liverpool, 45
pounds 4s 4%d
Reduced to our money, for
100 lbs $2.33
Oats, Duluth, No. 3, 33 cents,
or per 100 lbs 1.03
Spread between Duluth and
Cost of handling between Du
luth and Liverpool 64
Amount taken above fair pro
fit, costs of all kinds $ .76
The above figures disclose that of
the selling price of wheat 39 per cent
is taken of the selling price of oats
73 per cent is taken, and this is after
every known charge is deducted, allow
ing 2 cents commission to the ex
These figures are compiled from the
market reports of Sept. 8, and further
show that wheat is now being export
ed at the rate of 8,000,000 bushels a
week, and oats at the rate of 10,000,000
a week. Thus, on the amount of wheat
and oats exported without figuring lo
cal needs at all, the farmers are rob
bed of the real value of these cereals
to the extent of $4,500,000 each week.
It is not to the advantage of every
person living in the northwest to use
his influence and energy to put a stop
to this wholesale robbery of our great
est industry? How can it be done?
By building great terminal elevators,
where grain may be stored and cash
drawn against warehouse receipts.
Farmers must have money to meet ob
ligations a small percentage of grain
now being shipped, if put
elevators would steady the market at
this season. It would also be there to
prevent the raiders from cinching the
Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Fisher, of Spo
kane, Wash., were arrivals in Valley
City Friday morning, and are register
ed at guests at the Hotel Kindred.
Phone It In te the Times-Record.
Some distant jittress flaps her hand
At the jitoneer, to beat the band—
And so he drives up to the pave
Like some land life-boat bent to save
THE WEEKLY TlMES-RECORD,THUR8DAY, OCTOBER 21, 1918.
SOME READABLE VERSE
The newest occupation
Of our cousins and relation
They jit to town and back again,
They turn about and tack again,
They've started in to making love,
Like trolleyers they hog and shove
They meet the same folks day by
Bach looks for each along the way,
They run on streets where cars are
And into many a earless spot,
It makes the traction magnates sore,
To deafened heavens it makes them
The newest avocation
Of our cousins and relation
They jit to town and back again
Make business brisk and slack again,
—S. W. Gillian.
The birds are silent in the wayside
No more we hear the hum of vagrant
Home-coming from the fields when
day is o'er,
Their honey-baskets filled with frag
A lonesome cricket chirps at close of
Where erst the robin sang his rounde
The cornstalks rustle as the west wind
A requiem o'er the land as summer
Bob White gives forth his merry,
PeFched like a sentinel upon the wall
Cross the far blueness of the autumn
Wild geese in trailing flight sail
The apples redden in the purple haze
That ushers in the Autumn's golden
And all the choicest fruitage of the
Fair, regal Autumn holds within her
—Helen R. Richardson.
THE OLD SONGS
The songs we sang were few and
We sang them o'er and o'er again.
'Twas long ago, yet now and then
We meet and sing them o'er again.
And when the last sweet chord had
We sit in silence side by side.
Our hearts are full to running o'er
With raindrops from the skies
And none dares speak, but, silent all.
We almost hear the shadows fall.
Then, while the twilight deepens fart,
As dim and somber as the past,
Like souls revisiting the spheres
Come back to us the buried years,
And1 in their light, but not as then,
We live their seasons o'er again,
Till closing round our downcast eyes
We feel the blinding tear-mists rise.
The olden songs, the simple lays,
Full of the breath of other days.
With dear associations rife,
Have come to be a part of life,
And though they touch the heart with
We sing them o'er and o'er again.
—John D. Long.
returned to the city Thursday eve
ning from Minneapolis, where they
have been spending a few days this
week. Mrs. Zetterberg and Mrs.
Smith went down to the- cities on Mon
day in company with Mrs. Cummings.
mother of Mrs. Zetterberg, and Mrs.
Jane Pearson, of Jamestown, who left
Minneapolis the early part of the week
via the Santa Fe route for California.
For Infants and Children
NOW TO MAKE USE OF
THE NORTH DAKOTA
PURE 8EED LABORATORY
Farmers are gradually learning that
while proper systems of crop rotation,
cattle raising, corn growing, alfalfa
growing, potato growing, etc., give
great improvement in cereal cropping,
best results cannot be expected with
out the general use of good seed.
Pure, disease free seed is primarily
essential. It is not worth while to
work hard to clean up the land, if road
side weeds are allowed to go to seed,
and if one continues to sow the weed
seeds with the seed in the drill. It is
a surprising fact that many farmers
are yet sowing more weed seeds than
they kill by their methods of cultiva
tion.. This statement applies to mus
tard, wild oats, false flax pennycress,
tumbled mustard, quack grass—prac
tically all of the worst weeds. These
troubles can usually be overcome by
proper seed grading, provided one rais
ed good, plump seed.
There are two features in cereal
cropping which are a persistent drain
on the results from better agriculture.
One of these is the grdual accummula
tion in the crop, due to constant chop
ping on the same land, of diseased
seed—seeds which are internally dis
eased with blights, such as scab and
various head and root blights. To
overcome these the grower will have
to recognize their presence by the
characteristics of the seed. When a
large percentage of blighted heads ap
pear in a crop the grain is very likely
to be of poor quality to sow on clean
land unless it is carefully graded and
purified by disinfection before sowing.
The pure seed laboratory was estab
lished for the purpose of aiding farm
ers to understand these matters, and
to help them to recognize seed quali
ties. Citizens can send samples of
their seed to the pure seed laboratory
and receive immediate report as to its
quality, purity and viability without
cost. The botanist is authorized to
certify to the quality of seed and to
make lists of those who have seed of
high quality. Such lists are sent to
any who wish to buy, whether seeds
men or farmers.
Developing and Printing.
At lowest prices, best work and
prompt service. Write us for
price list. We want your mail^
orders and guarantee aat-^
DAKOTA DRUG CO,
Valley City, N. D.
In order that these lists may be
made out at as early a date as possi
ble, samples should be sent to the pure
seed laboratory as soon as possible
after threshing. All who can should
grade the seed carefully before send
ing the samples to the laboratory.
When not able to clean the seed let us
know. Remember that seed quality is
of more value than mere freedom from
weed seeds. Some samples of seed
can be greatly improved by the use of
a fanning mill, while no amount of
grading can improve certain internally
diseased types. For this reason, it is
recommended that every farmer have
a seed plot big enough to raise seed
for his own farm, from which plot all
false varieties and diseased plants may
be pulled out.
The wheat crop, in particular, suf
fers severely from blights because of
the use of poor grades of seed. Wheat
is the most important of all the seed
grown in North Dakota—most import
ant because more bushels of it are
needed for seed and because it is the
chief crop of the state. A small deter
ioration in the yield due to the use of
For Catarrh Wherever Loeated.
A sure, safe, time-tried remedy
for Catarrhal Affections of every
description.. Sold by all Drug
gists. Write the Peruna Co., of
Columbus, Ohio. They will ad
vise you free,
Mrs. Otto Zetterberg and daughter, those who wish to find it. Wheat of
Jean Margaret, and Mrs. Mark Smith, another variety is the worst weed In
poor seed results in the loss of mil
lions of dollars. We wish to make the
laboratory of the greatest possible use,
as well to those who have good wheat
which they wish to sell for seed as to
Farmers who know that they have
raised a high quality of wheat should
send in samples at the earliest date
possible that it may be listed and pos
sibly certified as a quality. We are
particularly interested in listing any
durum wheats which are free from
common wheats, as such admixtures
are particularly injurious to the mak
ing of all durum products.
Address all such correspondence,
packages, etc., to State Seed Commis
sioner, Agricultural College poBtofflce,
Dr. Macdonald, J. J. Earley and W.
J. Westergaard were at Dazey Thurs-
Bismarck, Oct. 20.—An Important
discovery which makes it necessary
to re-write a large portion of the his
tory of the Indian tribes of North and
South Dakota was recently made by
Prof. O. G. Libby, professor of his
tory of the University of North Dako
ta, and well known expert and scholar
in Indian lore and history. Prof. Lib
by recently made a find such as de
lights the heart of the true archeolo
gist and makes it hardly possible for
him to keep his enthusiasm within
reasonable bounds. He discovered the
remains of a hitherto unknown Indian
village, unknown so far as the white
man is concerned, and also unknown
to many of the Indians themselves.
This village is located near Beulah
three miles from the Knife river, and
hence a considerable distance from the
Missouri, and in a place where the
Airkara or Ree, as the tribe is more
commonly known, have not hitherto
been supposed to have made settle
Some hundred villages belonging to
one or other of the three tribes of the
Arikara or Ree, as they are more com
monly ealled, the Mandan and Hidotsa
or Grasventre tribes have oeen locat
ed up and down the Missouri river.
It is interesting to know how the
traces of these almost obliterated vil
lages are recognized by the scnolar
versed in such matters, and how he
knows whether a village is of com
paratively recent times or of a more
remote period. The Indians of these
three tribes built their homes of cir
cular form, first making a stout skele
ton of cottonwood poles. Over that
framework they placed clay mixed
with straw and any other binding ma
terial they could find.
The fireplace was invariably located
in the exact center of the house. There
was also one door but no windows.
As time passed on, the clay gradually
sagged away from the center of the
roof and collected in thick rolls on
the outer edges. Daily the Indian
woman swept the dirt floor of the
house. This constnat sweeping caus
ed the floor to be rounded out like the
bottom of some huge mixing bowl.
When houses ceased to be inhabited
either through the devastation of trib
al wars, or their abandonment for new
er hunting fields or because of the
nomadic instinct of their inhabitants,
in time the cottonwood poles subjected
to moisture and neglect would rot and
the whole structure would f?ll to the
ground. When this happened, the
debris would naturally take a circular
shape, and there would be a round rim
of clay forming the circumference
caused from the heavy accumulation
around the lower edge of the roof and
the sides, referred to above, while in
the center, corresponding to this cov
ering of clay over the center of the
roof, there would be only a thin layer
of debris. Because of the rounded out
floor, when one attempts to walk over
such a ruined house, he finds his feet
sinking into gentle declivity which
slopes down gradually to the lowest
spot in the center. He also discovers
a gap in the outer rim which marks
the place where the door of the house
was located. Digging down a little in
the exact geometric center, he always
find aBhes, clearly indicating the spot
occupied by the fireplace.
cornfield had been planted over
a part of it, and another portion was
newly plowed. But he foud enough to
assure him that there had once been
on Indian village of considerable ex-
Indian village are discovered, if it
People unversed In Indian hlstorr "I '0*" f10™
of either bones or pottery.
Having found the village, the next
point of interest and importance was
to locate the source of the water sup
ply. This Dr. Libby proceeded to do.
He found a lake nearby which was
apparently old. He also found a
spring and near it a pond, into which
apparently the unused water taken
from the spring was allowed to run
He next sought to Identify the vil
lage. He communicated with the
Mandan and Hildasta Indians, but they
knew nothing about it. Among the
Arikara he found an old Custer scout
eighty-four years of age named Sol
dier, who said that in his boyhood a.
very old man of that period called
Blacktailed Deer said that in his boy
hood he had heard the old men speak
ing of Buch a village. Dr. Libby be
lieves that it dates well b'ack into the
eighteenth century, and that there i»
no question but that it was an Arikara,.
or as the tribe is commonly called,
Ree village. The Arikara now live at
the Fort Berthold Indian reservation,
the nearest postofflce being Elbo
woods.or Armstrong, across the river
Ree. They have good memories and
remember accurately many of the de
tails of Custer's campaign. They can
remember where each man was wound
ed in that memorable engagement!
and can tell whether a particular man.
lyas wounded in the foot, arm, etc.
General Custer had a negro servant,
and he was a great curiosity to the In
dians. They tried to rub off the
color thinking he was painted. They
also have a distinct recollection of how
frightened he was when General Cus
ter scolded him for some offense
which he had committed. The ap
pearance of the frightened darky made
an indelible impression upon the old
Arikara chief and he recounts the in
cident with gusto even today.
and customs, when the, come »p.» jThe MUeourl TeUomtone
such formation a» then made br these
Dr. Libby will have the village ex
plored and surveyed, and an attempt
will be made to count the houses.
He has also found an old Hidatsa vil
lage near Devils Lake. He heard that
this tribe had once lived there, and
seeking for remains of their villages,,
he was gratified at being able to lo
cate them. The name of the Arikara.
village near Beaulah means "The
Ones Who Went After Sinew." It
would be interesting to know how the
village came to be placed where it
OLD VALLEY OF MISSOURI RIVER
An old valley through which the
waters of the Missouri and the Yel
lowstone rivers once flowed has been
discovered in North Dakota. During:
the course of field work last sum
mer, Dr. A. G. Leonard, state geolo
gist and head of the university de
partment of geology, made investiga*
tions leading to the discovery. This
old valley extends east and southeast
across Dunn and Morton counties.
It has a length of 155 miles and
forms a continuous, broad, flat-bot
tomed depression, extending from
the head of the Knife river west of
Fayette, across the divide between
the Knife and Heart, and the Heart
and Cannon Ball rivers, to the mouth
of the Cannon Ball.
From Almont to Hebron the North-
villages, call them rile pits, as ther!'*1"' T'™,^
ial period blocked their valleys and
forced them to seek a new course. The
waters of these two streams backed up
to form a large lake in the valleys of
the Yellowstone and the Little Mis
souri which overflowed the divide at
the head of the Knife river. At the
close of the glacial period the Mis-
have that appearance. The people
living in the vicinity of Dr. Libby'si
newly discovered village informed him
that they had found a rifle pit in their
neighborhood. Knowing what such a:
report invariably leads to, he visited
Beaulah and was taken in an auto to
the spot and there discovered the vil
lage. He estimates that it contained .Ti.T'Sf
about 250 lodges, a. the.houses are de- Mtosourl loreed a ne. valley
signaled. Unfortunate* he was not "rte°dtog T*™ T"*.?
able to explore the whole village and
ascertain its exact extent because a
of comparatvely recent occupancy, it 46 bushels.
is always possible to find a large heap The highest oat yield was 130 bush.
broken potteryqpurby and a heap of is. Barley went 83.4 bushels on tne
bones. The Indians made their own Williston sub-station farm, and at
pottery and did not flre it very Edgeley 51 bushels. Flax on the Wil
throughly so that it was easily broken. Hston sub-station farm went 30 bush
Thus heaps of broken pottery was an i8
?r" fe .tote br warof this
8UB-STATION FARM YIELDS
(Farm Information Service. N. D. Ex
Reports on crop yields have been' se
tent, and that it was very old, one that cured from all the sub-station farms
had not been occupied for a great except the one at Dickinson. The
many years. He was sure of this be- Hettinger sub-station farm leads in
cause of the absence of pottery and wheat yields with 53.4 bushels per
bones. Whenever the remains of an
e. Williston follows with 52.3 bush-
Langdon 50 bushels and Edgeley
emmer 94.5 bushels,
accompaniment of every village. The These yields speak well for the sec
sweepings of every house were depos- tion known as the dry part of North
ited in one large hole used in common Dakota and for the methods worked
by the house-holders of the whole vil- out and demonstrated on these sub
lage. The bones of animals, that had station farms.
been used for food, were deposited
here with the other refuse, and traceB
of such bones can be found near the
Mrs. W. F. Shortridge, whs has been
visiting at the home of her sisters, the
remains of all Indian villages if they Misses Bgge, left-with her baby on No.
are not too old. But about this vil- 4 Thursday afternoon for Dearborn,
lage Dr. Libby did not And any trace Mo