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ivrrvvv Tiuvro DrrADn!situation- GREENWOOD & HOUGHTALING TRAINING SCHOOLS sire of the individual for physcal per- tions, and if properly managed are the very fundamentals of social moral- ty. But the philosophy of athletics is prehensive enough to serve as a sole eludes these motives and subordin ates them to the ideal of patriotism." The report describes and discusses the so-called "Wyoming plan" origi nated by Capt. E. Z. Steever, U. S. A., outlines the plans of the New York military commission in relation to phy scal training, and analysis the rela tion of military training to school or ganization, concluding that "military training in the strict and technical sense of a comprehensive program for physical, moral and civic education in which some appripriate military •af fairs may be included is likely to find its way into all schools." NATIONAL WEEK OF SONG The plan to adopt in the United States a national week of song has been endorsed by the University of North Dakota, and that institution will observe the week of Feb. 22 as a spe cial music week. IVE&Mil limti-KLtUnU what they were not called upon to do VALLEY CITY, NORTH DAKOTA Entered at the Postoffice in Valley City, North Dakota, a3 second class mail matter. MILITARY IN PUBLIC The general plan is to appoint one week in the year in which tl»o national songs will be sung by everyone, old and young. Schools, colleges and uni versities all over the country are tak ing up the idea, and some are observ ing the week this year for the third time. All the old songs are sung in regular meetings and in a special mu sical gatherings, and in many varieties of entertainment devoted to the fea turing of the songs of the nation. The songs of the United States tyave a •wider range than those Of perhaps any other country, for the population is made up of people from all countries who have carried with them the songs of their native lands. These have been so woven into the accumulation of American song that they now seem to be completely naturalized. With this wealth of material it is easy to de vote a week^to singing, and it is to be urged that as many communities as possible join in the national celebra tion. The national anthem, "America," "The Star-Spangled Banner," and "Co lumbia, the Gem of the Ocean" should have a prominent place on all pro grams of the week, and the story of their writing and of their writers should be told again to the school chil dren and to the grown-ups who may have forgotten it. "COMPARISONS ARE ODIOUS" Warroad, (Minn.) Pioneer. The ru ral legislator may not trim his whis kers with the regularity and style of the city Adonises, but he sometimes astonishes his colleagues by reading over a bill -before voting for it. KEEPING THEIR SECRETS Philadelphia North American: Brit ish steamship agents who want to keep secret the sailings of their vessels might follow the example of the rail roads and issue printed schedules. A LYING LIAR Bagley, (Minn.) Independent: The man who calls out in the morning that he is getting up when he isn't, simply lies in bed. From the program of a Chicago con cert: "March: 'Finnish Cavalry: ..: J. Shrdletacmfw" This rising young Finnish composer was born at Etaoin on the Shrdlu. The expression "chickens will come home to roost" may be something to worry about for the present adminis tration at Washington. After hatch ing out' in Mexico a lot of trouble chickens seem headed this way. No wonder books are considered good friends. When closed they stay shut and do not follow you around talking shop. Neither do they try to hold you up for a tip if they have ren dered a real service. Valley City is to have an epidemic this year, an acute attack of boosting. Let every loyal citizen co-operate and get some of the virus into your sys tem. It will not only help the city, but do you good. A. German paper says for an Amer ican ship to navigate the danger zone is to tempt God. It's about time for that American admiral to recite a cer tain poem again. —a Company has returned to Valley City, and the boys are surely welcome. They are welcome because they made good. Our citizens are thankful for this. They were confident the'Com pany would acquit itself with credit and lionor no matter how trying the tions "Military training in the schools meetin'. conceived as military drilling is unde-j sirable and unavaling military train-! "Trouble comes not as single.spies, ing conceived as a comprehensive pro- bUt in battallions." Old Man Trouble gram of physical, moral, and civic edu- i}as battallions in Cuba, Mexico, Japan cation is desirable and even neces- an(j fercton. Competition is narrowly in- Dispatches say that relations have dividualistic. Systems of athletics been broken off with Austria. There are mostly based upon group competi- very valuable, not only for physical \fter the experiences of this wintry development but also for training in We are also thankful -real warfare. Germany. sary," declares Dr. W. S. Small in a chapter on educational hygiene in the The German ambassador has made annual report of the commissioner of his farewell statement and started for education, department of the interior, home. So long, Count, take keer of yourself. Dr. Small points out that military training thus conceived "offers a pos sibility of unifying and enabling the now confused and disjointed activites the field of physcal and moral dis cipline. The physical and moral val ues of both gymnastics and athletics are well understood, but both lack There is considerable satisfaction in comprehensive and unifying motive, *°r The coming of the North Dakota 4roops l'rom Texas must have brought Subscription, $1.50 a Year, in Advance Hie climate of the Southland along. They arrived Thursday and Friday it rajne^ Senator Martin's bill which would Sendin' your old peace boat 'round prohibit churches from taking collec- Wher the battles most abound, on Sunday may prove a blessing .And that dove—can't you forget if it induces more people to go to The local automobile dealers don't care how many people are from Mis souri. They are preparing to show 'em. home. You have got to have owning a All systems of gymnastics are indi- something to mortgage when you buy vidualistic. Their appeal is to the de-1 car 0 wasn-t much noj. savjng basis of physical and moral education, Germany's latest a Military training rightly conceived n- left to break, anyway. 0 Wjnter the spring styles in hats are gojng to be Medicine Hats. the philosophy of play, and the phil-j The peeling can be removed from po osophy of play is the philosophy of in- tatoes with sand paper and a great stinct—aphilosophy that is not com-, 0 will result. advances are a our last year's good deal like most of wheat crop—rejected. SNOW BLOCKADE CONTINUES Litchville Bulletin: Another week has rolled around and the sixteenth day of the snow blockade is at present passing -into history5. Like Germany, we are living off our own resources. Mail is hauled across the snow the 20 odd miles from Lucca and Dickey, arriving every now and then. Some days we have a jag from each direc tion, some days we have none. Val ley City papers of Feb. 1 arrived here Feb. 12. Letters dated in January were still dropping in on us this week. And again, Monday's Minneapolis Jour nal arrived here on Tuesday, being one of the two dailies that came that day. A rotary snow plow was sent out to open this branch Monday, but after tackling a drift near Embden—1,200 feet long, 10 to 15 feet deep and hard as ice—it broke down and went back to Dilworth for repairs. Tuesday it came back and broke again. On Wed nesday they had better luck and at present writing have reached as far as Alice. With good luck they ought to arrive here the latter part of the week. Our supplies are holding out fairly well, but in a week or two there will be several parties needing coal. WHEAT DECREASING—LAND VALUES INCREASING/ Ten years ago the wheat crop in Minnesota was nearly one million acres larger than it is now. The de crease has amounted to nearly one fourth the acreage of the entire crop. While the wheat acreage was de creasing 25. per cent, the corn acre age has increased 76 per cent. With 2,250,000 acres planted this year, a crop worth $67,000,000 is promised against a wheat crop of 3,715,000 acres worth $44,000,000. The 1909 yield of alfalfa was cut from 2,300 acres. Last year 50,000 acres were cut, yielding 157,000 tons. According to estimates received from the rail roads by the agricultural extension di vision, University Farm, St. Paul, 50, 000 cars of livestock were shipped from farms in the state, the total ship ment being worth at least $50,000,000. With the increase in the amount of. livestock and the decrease in the amount of wheat, the value of lands in Minnesota has been increased. This increase has come because the prod uct of the land has paid the interest on a larger investment. Land that is raising a good crop of alfalfa and rais ing a herd of dairy cows to feed it to is worth $100 an acre. Land that is raising wheat even at $1 a bushel is not paying the expense of cultivating the land and the interest and taxes on $100 worth of property unless it is making a yield of nearly 15 bushels to the acre. The average yield over the state of Minnesota this year is 7.4 bushels and the average for the last tert years is but 13.5 bushels. Land is going up as fast as we are learning how to make it yield more. CLEAN UP Clean Up? In February, with tcte ground covered with snow? It can't be done, you say. Well, perhaps not, but presently it will not be February. The snow will have gone, and it will have left an ac cumulation of odds and ends which have been in process of collection all winter. And, while the actual work cannot be done just now, if we don't get into the right attitude on the sub ject in February we are not likely to do a really first-class job of cleaning up in May. Let's see if we can't fix the town up this spring so that'there will not be a corner of it that we need be ashamed of. There are many things that we can't do, things that are quite desir able, but which will have to wait. But, if we will, we can polish the place up from one end to another and make it clean and wholesome, good to look at and good to live in. This will involve something more than just hauling out the manure from the stables and gathering up the ashes It will mean a general picking up and straightening up.' It will mean a mend ing of fences and a repair of gates, the collection and removal to a place where it will not be an eyesore of the stuff that is lying around loose and that nobody wants. It will mean a little lumber, a few nails, a few cans of paint, and a lot of labor. The ma terial need not cost much, and the la bor is of the class* that pays for itself while it is being done, for it enables the doer to see the results of his handi work as he goes along. SOME READABLE VERSE HOWDY, HANK Henry Ford's factories may be call ed on for submarines.—News Item. "Howdy, Hank!" says folks one day. "Ain't you gettin* kind o' gay That the bird was raised a pet With these warlike words astir, Get a rooster with a spur!" What's that, Hank? In case of need You can make still higher speed Shiftin' from those road machines To defensive submarines? And you'll cut the muffler out Fur a patriotic shout? Put 'er there an' take front rank In affection! Howdy, Hank! —Washington Star. Nor dreamed how high his charge, His work how fair and large. To set the stones back in the wall, Lest the divided house should fall And peace from men depart, Hope and the childlike heart. We looked on him. "'Tis he," we said, "Come crownless and unheralded, The shepherd who will keep The flocks, will fold the sheep." Unknightly, yes, yet 'twas the mien Presaging the immortal scene, Some battle of His wars Who sealeth up the stars. Not he would take the past between His hands, wipe Valor's tablets clean, Commanding greatness vait Till he stand at the gate Not he would cramp to one small head The awful laurels of the dead, Time's mighty vintage cup, And drink all honor up. No flutter of the banners bold Borne by the lusty sons of old, The haughty conquerors Set forward to their wars. Not his their blare, their pageantries, Their "goal their glory was not his. Humbly he came to keep The flocks, to aid the sheep. The need comes not without the man. Tije prescient hours unceasing ran, And up the way of tears He came-into the years. Our pastoral captain, skilled to crook The spear into the pruning hook, The simple, kindly man, Lincoln, American. THE WEEKLY TIMES-RECORD, VALLEY CITY, NORTH DAKOTA LINCOLN By John Vance Cheney, in Chicago Interior The hour was on us. Where the man? The fateful sands unfaltering ran, And up the way of tears He came into the years, Our pastoral captain. Forth he came, As one that answers to his name, TO AMERICA And is it war at last? So long you waited, Holding yourself aloof, though un afraid!. There was no country, league, nor race ^UCU\a hands were stayed, Lest any, unaware of all you cherish— The noble record that your sons have made, The dream, the vision that shall never perish— Might think you judged before the cause was weighed. So long you lingered! But you wait no more Beyond all craving, the truth is clear, Patience has passed the hour to strike is here For freedom's sake, as you have struck before, May God be with you now, by land, by sea, For honor, justiop, faith and liberty! —Charles Vale in New York Times. —o Poetic estimate of personality and character of LINCOLN A blend of mirth and sadness, smiles and tears A quaint "knight errant" of the pio neers A homely hero born of stars and sod A peasant prince a masterpiece of God. Following is Walt Whitman's "O, Captain! My Captain," written shortly after Lincoln's assassination "O CAPTAIN! MY CAPTAIN!" O, Captain! My Captain! our fearful trip is done, The Ship has weathered every rack, the prize we sought is Won, The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting, While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring: But O heart! heart! heart! O the bleeding drops of red, Where on the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead. O Captain! my Captain! rise up and hear the bells Rise up—for you the flag is flung— for you the bugle trills, For you bouquets and ribboned wreaths —for you shores acrowding For you they call, the swaying mass, their eager faces turning" Here, Captain! dear father! This arm beneath your head! It is some dream that on the deck You've fallen* cold and dead. My Captain does nof answer, his lips are pale and still, My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor will, The ship is anchored safe and sound, its voyage closed and done, From fearful trip the victor ship comes in with object won Exult, O shores, and right, O bells! But with mournful tread Walk the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead. CASTORIA For Infants and Children III Use Foe Over 30 Years Always bears the Signature of mmutt CALLS AT THE FOR W MONEY, ifflDUSCOUatSA urrHAfiu COUPON anam VI 'CRACKY! 2AH) TWEirrc-nms •SALARIES, HI HOT* (Copyright. lfl«. by H. C. Tattle.) That this theory has at last been recognized as fallacious is indicated by important legislation enacted in the last few years. Prominent in this legislation was the creation, in 1913, of the office of markets and rural or ganization. "The creation of this office," says Mr. Vrooman, "was an innovation of epoch-making signifi cance." This office represents the first attempt on the part of the gov ernment to remedy through scientific investigation the waste and extrava gance in our methods of dis- sun ysp er8sipresent ss official recognition of the need for this step, the fanners themselves realized the necessity for it. The Grange movement, the Farmers' Alliance movement, and the Populist move ment were £ll* inspired by the convic tion on the part of the producers that organization on their part was essen tial to improvement in their economic condition. The assistant secretary points out that while many of the sent out. The bride-elect has many specific remedies demanded by the friends in Lakota, her home city, and leaders of these movements were im practicable, their basic demands were just, and he emphasizes the necessity of applying to these problems much -the same methods of scientific study which have made possible such extra ordinary advances in the production of crops. In addition to the creation of the office of markets and rural organiza^ tion, a number of laws have been pass ed which are characterized as being of immense economic importance to the farmer. Perhaps the most important one of these is "that financial magna charta of the farmer," the farm loan act. "This," declares the assistant secretary, "is the first great financial measure ever passed by congress pri marily in the interest of the farmer. I have no doubt that in the future it will be strengthened by amendments with regard to some of its minor details, as was the federal reserve bill, but in all fairness it must be admitted that this bill will do for the farmer very much what the federal reserve act is doing for the business man. It will furnish jhe farmer with those fundamental ne cessities that he has been asking for, voting for, and praying for, during the past half century." These fundamantal necessities are defined as. First. Available capital in sufficient quantities for the farmer's legitimate needs. 'Second. Loans on longer time and easier terms of payment. Third. Lower rates of interest. Another measure cited in this con nection is the bonded warehouse act of Aiig. 11, 19161 This legislation was passed in response to a demand on the part of the farmers for a mechanism th?t would enable them to Jwrrow money more easily and at a lower rate Of interest, on stored crops. It per mits a farmer to place, produce in a bonded warehouse and secure a receipt for it. On this receipt he can easily borrow money, for it represents gilt edged security. The risk which in the old days the banker took in lending money, even to farmers with good credit, is eliminated by this method and the rates of interest therefore lowered. In addition, the farmer now has a much larger field in which to ne gotiate his loans than in the days when he was practically limited to those bankers who knew him personally. The cotton futures act and the Unit ed grain standards act are cited as further examples of recent progressive agrarian legislation. "The latter of these," Mr. Vrooman says, "is a step in the direction of national efficiency and national economic preparedness." Its effect will be markedly beneficial on our foreign commerce in grain. Of the cotton futures act it is said that the net result already has been that the prices of cotton, which are now (First Pub. Jan. 18 last pub. Mar 1) THE HISTORY OF A DOLLAR The "Bill Dollar Coupon" Shows the History of a Single Dollar In Home Trading. Note the Town-Building Transactions,.* And the Crowning Function of Home-Spent Dollars—Payment of Taxes for City Conveniences and Comforts. *TWS saujs. ii six norms, WD FORTY GROCERY SILL3 ?iin,T ©. RWR HOMES!" MEETING THE FARMER HALF WAY [published every day throughout the A review of the most significant country, reflect the actual changes in steps that have been taken in the last |^e value of cotton rotto? few years to benefit the economic con- *10ns ^«tinofl? l! dition of the farmer is contained in!by gamblers for their oira benefit, as an article by Carl Vrooman, assistant secretary of agricultural, published ih the forthcoming yearbook of the de partment. In this article Mr. Vroo man points out that for 50 years the U. S. department of agriculture has been studying how to increase produc tion on the farms, but that it is only very recently that stress has been laid on a sthdy of the problem of making that production profitable. In the past, he says, there has been a mis taken theoryL that everybody is inter ested in increasing agricultural pro duction, but that nobody but thekfar mer is interested in making that pro duction profitable. was too often the case in the past. In summing up the effect of these and other laws, Mr. Vrooman says: "It is clear, I think, that as a resule of this splendid program of construc tive legislation, a new agricultural epoch has begun.. At last what for so long was merely the hope, the aspira tion, the dream of the widely scatter ed, imperfectly organized tillers of our soil has become the avowed policy of the federal department of ..agriculture, and has been written by congress into the law of the land." In conclusion the assistant secretary says: "There is indeed still need for organized effort on the part of far mers, still need for educational cam paigns in behalf of measures to meet those requirements of the farmer which still remain unsatisfied. But it is a great thing that the government of the nation that leads the world in agricultural production at last is meet ing the farmer at least half way and has manifested a willingness, and a friendly desire, to co-operate with him in the future in any constructive work that looks to the building up of our national prosperity on the basis of a permanently prosperous agriculture." MISS GRONNA TO WED North Dakota residents will be in terested in a recent Washington news dispatch, which announces the approaching marriage of Miss Grace Gronna, daughter of Senator and Mrs. A. J. Gronna, to Carl W. Lewis of Hettinger. The ^wedding will be an event of Wednesday, Feb. 28, and will be solemnized in Washington. The wedding invitations have already been throughout the state. Mr. Lewis is manager of the Dakota and Montana Telephone company and is well known in Minneapolis. NOTICE OF MORTGAGE SALE BY ADVERTISEMENT Notice is hereby given, That that certain mortgage, executed and deliv ered by A. J. Salthammer and Jacob ine Salthammer, his wife, mortgagors, to Albert H&nson, mortgagee, dated the 7th day of September, A. D. nine teen hundred and fourteen, and filed tor record in the office of the Register of Deeds of the County of Barnes, and State of North Dakota, on the 28th day of January, A. D. 1915, and recorded in Book 63 of Mortgages, at page 15 and assigned by said Mortgagee by an in strument in writing to E. M. Hanson dated the 10th day of December, A. D. 1914, and filed for record in said of fice of the Register of Deeds on the 28th day of January, 1915, and record ed in Book C3 Miscellaneous on page 260, will be foreclosed by a sale of the premises in such Mortgage and here inafter described, at the front door of the Court House in the City of Valley City, in the County of Barnes, and State of North Dakota, at the hour of 2 o'clock p. m., on the 10th day of March, 1917 to satisfy the amount due upon said Mortgage on the day of sale. The premises described in said Mortgage and which will be sold to satisfy the same, are those certain premise* situated in the County of Bainies, and State of North Dakota, and described as follows, to-wit: The Northwest Quarter (NW'yi) of Section Thirty-five (35) and the South Half (S Vz) of the Southeast Quarter (SE V*) of Section Twenty-seven (27), all in Township One Hundred Thirty eight (138)' North of Range Fifty-nine (59) and containing 240 acres more or less according to the U. S. Govern ment Survey thereof. The default consists in this that said mortgagors have failed to pay the in terest due under said mortgage on September 7th, 1916. The assignee of said mortgage having, under the terms thereof elected to declafie the whole sum secured by said mortgage to be due and payable there will be due on such Mortgage at the date of sale the. sum of Four Thousand Five Hun dred Ninety-twp and 91-100 ($4592.91) Dollars, as principal and interest and the costs incurred by1 this foreclosure, and an attorney fee in the further sum of One Hundred Nineteen and no 100 Dollars. Dated January 16th, 1917. E. M. HANSON, Assignee of said Mortgagee and own er and holder of said mortgage. E. A. HOFF, Attorney for assignee of mortgagee, Ypeilanti, North Dakota, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1917. •GEE VftflZ! AND ISAtDIURTt maws* I TAX. COLLECTOR. MOnBf-SPENT MMSC-J0W.-MKE ASLANT AT THE1CCCBD on ro&jsHi PffAdBi* XfiOBS tlffi WDAurroF SAW SOME GREAT DRIFTS C. B. Burgess returned Thursday morning from a business trip over the Drake-Sanish line in the interest of his company. He was snowbound at Ryder just two weeks and'had to drive to Minot in order to get out where there were any trains moving. Some of the cuts along this line are' filled with snow 12 to 15 feet deep and as hard as ice, so that it is very diffi cult to work it. Train^ are not yet running from ,M!ax to Sanish unless the line was opened today. WHEN TO PUT COLTS TO WORK A good big, growthy two-year-old colt may be put to work if it is work ed only a half a day eachday. A three-year-old may work steadily if the load is not a constant strain for him, while a well developed four-year old is about mature and is good for a regular place in the work teams. W. T-I. Peters, North Dakota Experiment Station. NOTICE TO CREDITORS In the Matter of the Estate of George Sowden, Deceased: Notice is hereby given by the un dersigned Annie Sowden, executrix of the Last Will of George Sowden, late of the C^ty of Valley City in the Coun ty of Barnes and State of North Dako ta, deceased, to the creditors of, and: all persons having claims against, said' deceased, to exhibit them with the nec essary vouchers, within 6 months, aft er the first publication of this notice, to said Executrix at the law office of' Lee Combs and L. S. B. Ritchie, in the city of Valley City, in said Barnes county. Dated January 26th, A. D. 1917 ANNIE SOWDEN, Executrix. First publication on tye 1st day of February, A. D. 1917. LEE COMBS & L. S. B. RITCHIE, Attorneys for Executrix. (First Pub. Feb. 1, list Pub. Feb. 22 If it's newsy, call the Times-Record. Profissimal Girds Phone: Office 206-J. Res. 206-L J. VAN H0UTEN, M. D. Physician and Surgeon Offices in Gray Block VALLEY CITY N. D. Res. Fifth Ave. N. Phone 36 E. A. PRAY, M. D. Physician and Surgeon Graduate UWv. of Pennsylvania Office in Postoffice Block Office Phone 6 Res. Phone 336 S. Ai ZIMMERMAN, M. D. Physician and Surgeon Office, American Nat'I Bank Bidg. VALLEY CITY, N. D. CHARLES E. HUNT, A. B., M. D. Physician and Surgeon Offices Over Siegfried's Pharmacy Valley City, North Dakota Phones: Office 330, Residence 425 DR. F. L. WICKS EYE, EAR, NOSE and THROAT Glasses Fitted When Necessary Office in Wicks Building VALLEY CITY N. D. WINTERER A RITCHIE LAWYERS VALLEY CITY N. D. THEODORE S. LINDLAND Attorney and Counsellor at Law Office in Farmers' and Merchants' Bank Building VALLEY CITY N. D.