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Grand Forks daily herald. (Grand Forks, N.D.) 1914-1916, September 10, 1914, Image 1

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VOL.9, NO. 215.
Seems No Doubt That German Enveloping
Movement Has Failed Entirely-French
Army More Favorably Situated
Paris, Sept. 10.—French and British successes marked the fourth
day of the treat battle which is being fought along a concave line ex
tending from Meaux to Verdun, with Citry-le-Francols in the center.
Oil. the French left, despite repeated efforts, the Germans iiave fail
ed to break through the lines of the allies on the right bank of the
.Ourcq' river, and, though heavily reinforced, have lost ground stead
ily, General Joffre and Field Marshal Sir John French are hurling
more and more troops on the German flank to give their retreat fur
ther momentum. In the center—that part of the line which extends
through Fere-Champonoise, Sompuis and Vitry-le-Francois, with
the last named the theater of the greatest activity—the French have
pressed back the Germans in a succession of terrific assaults, in which
the French artillery played a most deadly and effective part.
Desperate Attempts to Break Through.
The invaders, however, have not
bien entirely on the defensive. At
Several admittedly weak points in the
allies' lines the Germans have made
desperate attempts to break through,
but owing (to the valiant resistance of
the French troops they were held In
ehecki ...
The German right wine not only is
reported to be short of ammunition,
but also short of food, and it Is now
believed to be hurrying to effect a
juncture' with the forces under Gen
eral Von Buelow, where the German
stipply station and lines of communi
cation are intact.
If,these armies succeed in uniting,
they probably will be joined with that
of the crown prince,' the entire body
throwing its support to the center of
the line to stem the French advance.
Scores of British wounded arrived
in Paris during the day. They all
applaud the valor of the French sol
diers and all idolize Field Marshal
French. The general is constantly at
the front and is taking the develop*
ments calmly. He smokes cigarettes
almost Incessantly. They, assert that
the French have captured many field
and machine guns. German prisoners
—330 of them arrived In Paris today
—appeared fagged and harrassed, and
the spirit they reflect seems far dif
ferent from that of the invading army
which pushed its way to Paris in ten
Defense of Maubeuge Continues.
The defense of Maubeuge, despite
rumors of its fall, continued heroical
ly against heavy German siege guns.
General Cherflis says that although
Maubeuge is liable to arrest the in
rush of the invaders, who have pass
ed around it, the mere fact that it is
holding out valiantly is of the greatest
value, as its strategical position com
mands .the most direct route, to Col
ogne, which the Germans need to keep
tbelr forces supplies with ammunition.
The single track, line from Givet Is
the only' line of communication be-
E Of
London, Sept. 10".—-A
The advance of the French is slow but general in the furious fight
ing in the center.
On the right of the allies the exhausted German army lwa aban
doned for the moment the attack on Nancy, which was made under the
personal. direction, of Emperor Wilhelm.
Luneville. 11 miles from the Lorraine border, was evacuated by
die Germans after sanguinary fighting, which resulted in the repulse
of the Teutons after their attempt to storm the French lines.
In the Voages and in Lorraine the French official reports Indicate
that their troops are tfbshlng forward.
There is no doubt that the German enveloping movement has com
pletely failed and that the strategical position of the allies is the best
since the beginnlmr of the war, secure as they are in a favorable posi
tion near their own base. The French retreat on Paris was executed
•with such masterly skill that, after their orderly retirement, the army
'•till retains its- full striking strength and is much more favorably situ
ated than the Germans for any offensive movement., because the lat-
{dr.-tarqop? haTte- suffered from the taliauptlftSr^ttuu'Ches and- the
lit. For this, reason the invaders have Keen' forded' h.t'
lite extensive line .of
TTMtire atopic
London, Sept. 10.—A dispatch to the Express Telegraph company
from Rome says::
"Dispatches from Vienna state that the advance gauds of the Rus
sian center are marching toward Berlin. The Ruswan troops have in*
vaded Silesia and the capture of Breslau is immlnejit-"
ble ground, giving
tween Germany and their twelve army
corps now in France.
French officials now'• believe the
Germans are seeking to secure a line
of retreat along the Meuse river as
the safest way home.
A point that much stress is laid on
is that the Germna movement is not
a strategic retirement, but actually a
retreat, which is proven by the fact
that thousands of dead and wounded
Germans are found in the territory
across which the allies have forced
the invaders.
Specifically, the sains of the allies
during the past two days have 'been
as follows:
The allies have gained ground all
along the line of the Ourcq and Petit
Morin rivers, and the British have
driven the enemy back ten miles.
Further to the right, near Mont
mirlal and Sompuis, the gains have
been only temporary.
Still further to the right, from Vit
ry-le-Francois to Sermaize. the Ger
mans have beep forced to retreat in
the direction of Rheims.
The British on the heights to the
north' of Sezanne have continued their
offensive movement, with the result
that the Germans have been forced
across the Marne!
In three days of fighting, before
they left the field, several of the
wounded who arrived here today esti
mate that 30,000. prisoners have been
taken by the allies and that the Ger
man losses in killed and wounded
were enormous. The losses of the al
lies are reported to be no more than
ordinarily would be expected from the
nature of the fighting.
Chicago, Sept. 10.—The European
war caused a decrease in customs re
ceipts in Chicago during August of
$325,496, according to the report to
day of Rivers McNeill, collector. Re
ceipts for the first four days of Sep
tember show a loss of $183,521 com
pared with last year.
London, Sept. 10.—A dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph com
pany from Rome says:
'A message from Vienna states that it is officially admitted there
that 'Archduke Frederick lost 120,000 men In the recent Galician bat
4 ties or one-fourth of his entire command. The Germans are march
lng south towards Poland to ..assist the Austrians. .But before this aid
,c*ribe. given
preparing to cheickthem."
•ays ln Russian and
Austria will sue for peace
avoiding a complete breakup of the
growing internal troubles."
must cross the Vistula river where the Russians are
to the Chronicle from Petrograd
diplomatic circles it Ji believed that
ight as the only -means of,
Mre, owing to the riqrtdly^&i
New Battle.
London, Sept. 10.—A dispatch
to Reuters from Vienna, dated
Wednesday, reaching London by
way of Amsterdam, says:
"It is officially announced in
Vienna that a new battle began
around Lemberg today."
Germans Quit Luneville.
Paris, via London, Sept. 10.—
The Temps publishes a dispatch
from Nancy, stating that it is ru
mored there that the Germans
evacuated LunevlUe, fifteen miles
southeast of Nancy, September 6.
Commenting on this dispatch, the
Temps says that what seems cer
tain is that the Germans were
forced to abandon the heights
surrounding LunevlUe.
Japan Agrees.
Petrograd .Sept. 10—A dispatch
from Tokio states that Japan has
joined the agreement of the allies
not to conclude peace without
the consent of the allied nations.
Japan informed Russia, the dis
patch says, that she will not make
peace with Germany until the war
in Europe is ended, even if Japan
occupied Kiao-Chow before then.
German Fleet Seen.
London, Sept. 10.—A dispatch
to the Daily Telegraph from Cop
enhagen announces that a Ger
man squadron of thirty-six ships,
including warships, cruisers and
torpedo boat destroyers have been
observed at various points along
the gulf of Bothnia, steaming
Began Hasty Work on Fortifications
Following Lemberg's Fall.
Paris, Sept. 10.—After the news of
the fall of Lemberg became known" in
Vienna, the correspondent there of
the Havas agency says more than
000 men jwere set to work with fev
erish haste on. the fortifications ojL
vrejrna.'aLhd' many thousands of others
beg^n fortifying the banks of the
German. Writers Seek to Prevent
Translations From Hostile Authors.
r.petihagen, via London. Sept. 10.—
The German authors have formed a
national association to prevent 'tfie
translation of literary works of hos
tile countries Into German.
The authors of plays belonging to
hostile countries are. not to be men
tioned In the German press. This
movement, it is said, is due to the at
titude of Belgian and British authors.
'it* if*
These are the generals of the great
German armies bent on the destruc
tion of Paris. For six weeks they
have been moving westward slowly
so' now 'they are almost at the gates
of the city, and the world waits to
see what -will become of it'.
General von Buelow was recently
a victor in an important contest on
French soil In which he was said to
have takep. more than 430 guns from
the French and many prisoners. He
led the army of the north which
swung t6ward Ostend after Liege was
Grind Duke Albrecht of Bavaria
was in cojnmand of the troops which
took Namar, the supposedly impreg
nable fortress, after tbree days of at
tack.- Prince Rupprecht has led an
army tahlch centered about Luxem
burg,.though little has bfene heard of
him M&eqtly.
Sullivan, Democrat Shier
man, Republican, Illinois
Senatori^ Nominees.
Chicago, Sept. 10.—Revised returns
today confirmed -the early reports of
the most Important Illinois primary
nominations—Roger Sullivan, dem
ocrat, and Senator Lawrence H. Sher
man, republuSffcJO* the United States
Information Sought About Balearic
Islands a Motath Before War.
Madrid, Sept. io. Dispatch to The
London Standard^-r-El Liberal, one
of the leading,newspapers of Madrid,
publishes a remarkable document
proving that Germany was making
preparations for.-.war a month before
the present conflict broke out, and
showing that- she intended to make
use of the Spanish Balearic Islands
in certain eventualities.
The document is a series of ques
fjiily 8 last by the
'tftna^ Majorca, to
tions addreGi
German con
the preside
tee of the
to the con's
his letter t&f
Vmong ttip-
ijort, of- Pa^ng.,.,
Whether port has any apparatus for
raising sunken vessels
Similar details about the harbors of
Aleukia, Pollensa, Soller, and Porto
Generals of German Armies Marching on Paris
Crown Prince Frederick William
had another further south which is
believed to have been advancing
steadily westward to converge with
the armies from the north marching
on Paris.
General von Heeringen is the for
mer minister of war now in command
of the German army which has been
trying-to drive the French from low
er Alsace. He was an Important fig
ure at the time of the Krupp scandals
a year iago. and his name was so free
ly mentioned. In them that, he ulti
mately resigned. Since then he
seems to have regained his laurels
by his. successes against the French.
There have been reports. for the
past. few days that Kaiser Wilhelm
himself was with the Crown Prince,
and would remain with the army un
til the final battle before Paris was
begun. -:v."
.' -v. J. "". I'11111
•& 'c
Cannon, former
speaker, for congress from the Dan
ville district.'
Sullivan's nomination is by an ap
proximate plurality of 60,000 over his
nearest opponents Lawrence Stringer.
Sherman's lead over former Senator
Mason is estimated close to 40,000.
Works commit
o, unfortunately,
i$retiqh of replying
:d of forwarding
,Rl authorities.
i§» ajiked were the
Size an d^onriaj^TOM«f largest ship
that has firtereS port.atirlTig the year?
Details of'^piilianfsS for discharg
ing petrol, 'gifopowde)ij £ttd other ex
SIzq of quays! and dg$Ks?
Depth of port and' conveniences for
embarking and disembarking?
Number of cranes and derricks and
•their strength?
NTimber of tugs available?
•.. "?»:P^h°
Democrats of the Ways and
Means Committee to Levy
on all Freight,
Washington Sept. 10.—^Democrats
of the ways and means committee
have completed the war revenue tax
bill, providing for a tax of three per
cent on all freight transportation, an
increase of fifty cents on beer and
twenty cents a gallon on all domestic
wines. This will net an estimated
revenue of $107,000,000 per year.
The tax on freight was agreed to aft
er a conference with President Wil
son, who' had expressed opposition to
Federal Reserve Board Expected to
Agree to Pooling.
Washington, Sept. 10.—The federal
reserve board has taken up considera
tion of 36 Class directors of the
twelve reserve banks whose appoint
ment will mark virtually the last im
portant step before the actual organi
zation of the banks. More than two
hundred names are before the board
and the final list of appointees is not
expected before next week.
The board probably will approve
the bankers' plan for a pooling ar
rangement to pay Americatr obliga
tions to Europe in gold.
The European bankers, in the view
of experts here, will see that in a few
weeks they will be making purchases
in the United States which will take
up the present debt balance.
The board probably will make no
effort to hear the protests of cities
against the choice of reserve cities by
the reserve bank organization com
mittee until the twelve-reserve banks
have been organized. The board is
authorized to make changes in re
serve cities at any time and a post
ponement of the hearings will not af
fect the case of protestants.
Latter Expected Their Aid in Military
Action in South Africa..
London, Sept. 10.—That the Ger
mans in Southwest Africa, where
there are 30,000 German troops, have
been storing guns and ammunition for
some time preparatory for military
action, has been made known to the
British. It is said that the Germans
believed the Boers would aid them.
Although the Germans proceeded
with great secrecy, the British offi
cials havfe been fully informed con
cerning their action, and know the
number' of arms in their possession
and their military disposition.
With populous British territory on
two sides of German Southwest Africa
and with adequate military forces at
hand. Great. Britain is said to be well
prepared for the situation.
It is generally believed here that
England will soon seek to take con
trol of all German territory in Africa.
German East Africa is bounded on
the north and southwest by British
territory, and it is thought here that
it will be easy for the British to
dominate the East Coast with the co
operation of land and sea forces.
It is said here that, the Boer, farm
ers living in Southwest Africa are
all loyal to King George.
North Dakota: Unsettled to
night and Friday. No important
change in temperature.
7 a. m. 54 maximum 52 mini
mm 54: southwest wind 5
*. miles precipitation .18 barome-
i.r -,, --vV-.xvv
:..?i«i i. :.':-.ii Afo
Paris, Sept. 10.—The left end of the curved German battle line, which on
Sept. 7, extended in a segment of a wide circle from Meaux to Vitry-Le-Francois,
about 100 miles to the east of Paris, was hit by the English trip-hammer yesterday
and forced back for a distance of twenty-five miles.
It is evident that the actions yesterday and the day before constituted one of
the hottest battles of the war.
Last night a large number of automobiles, loaded with stretchers, speeded
out of Paris toward the east. This fact suggests also that yesterday's fight was one
of the most costly advantages so far gained by the allies.
The Germans seem to realize that they have been drawn into a dangerous
position, for they have brought up reinforcements for their left. In spite, however,
of the desperate, frenzied attacks, the British troops have forged ahead. While offi
cial reports fail to indicate the direction in which the Germans have retired, it is be
lieved here that they have retired to the northeast in the direction of Epernay.
Must Be Decisive Victory.
Washington, Sept. 10—Great
Britain is determined not to make
peace until she has decisively defeat
ed Germany. This sentiment has been
conveyed to President Wilson in dis
patches from Ambassador Page at
Further Austrian losses.
London, Sept. 10.—A dispatch from
Rome to Reuters Telegraph company
"According ,to Galician advices the
Austrians have made several attempts
to resume offensive against the Rus
sians with disasterous results. There
were further great Austrian losses."
German Sailors at Brussels.
London, Sept. 10.—A dispatch to
Official reports by the general staff
on the battle of Rawa Rusak say that
the main Russian attack in the en
gagement, which began on Saturday
and continued without a break until
today, was delivered by General Rus
sky's forces, which attacked the Aus
trian right flank, while another army,
sent from Warsaw, attacked the en
emy from the rear.
Austrians In Full Flight.
The remnants of the Austrians, in
full flight., are being vigorously pur
sued by the Russian cavalry. Their
losses were tremendoiis in killed,
wounded and prisoners.
Many of the Austrian prisoners
brought t6 the Russian capital were
my list the things that I wanted and then I shop
Daily Herald. I compared the prices
London, Sept. 10.—A telegram from Field Marshal French in
France shows that' fighting of the fiercest possible character is in pro
gress east of Paris,, that the German forces are exhausted, that the al
lies are attacking ith wonderful speed and impetuosity and that the
Germans have been given no chance to recover the effects of their rush
from the north.
Washington, Sept. 10.—The French embassy received the following
wireless from Bordeaux, bearing yesterday's date:
"The right wing of the Germans has been withdrawn from north
of the Petit Morin, through fighting on the eighth, and has been sharp
ly attacked on the right bank of the Ourcq.
Our troopg are making progress at Sezanne.
"A sharp fight, is taking place in our ccnter with alternations of
irogress and recession. The situation continues to be favorable at
facy and in the Vosges on' the right wing."
New York, Sept. 1Q-—^Straight.iroin a long talk' with the German
emperor at Berlin. H. Von EcKbardt,.* the new German minister 'tt»
Mcxlcoj asserted, on his «HtW here today that the emperor has ino
thought of abainaoilintr his plan
besiege Paris, that the
army would take Paris and that all France would be subjugated by
German arms, "not to keep it always, but to destroy forever the men
ace of French militarism."
Condon, Sept. 10.:—The official British Press Bureau Issued the
following statement:
"The battle east of Paris continued yesterday. The enemy has
been driven back all along the line. Sir John French reports that, our
first corps has buried 200 German dead, and taken twelve maxim
"Our second army corps captured 350 prisoners, and a battery.
The Germans suffered heavily. Their men are stated to be very ex
hausted. The British troops have crossed the river Marne in a north
erly direction."
the Exchange Telegraph company
from Ghent says:
"It is estimated that from thirty to
forty thousand German sailors have
arrived during the past two days at
Brussels- This indicates that the
German reserves is completely mo
Evacuating Graeow.
London, Sept 10.—A dispatch t«
Reuter's from Petrograd says Austri
ans have begun evacuating Cracow.
No Communication.
Paris, Sept. 10.—The French wa#
department failed to issue the cus
tomary communication this afternoon
regarding the military operations of
the allied armies.
Russians Score Complete Victory at Rawa Ruska—Threa
and a Half Million Ready for March to Berlin
—Czar is Determined.
Petrograd. Sept. 10.—A final ap
palling defeaUwas administered to the
Austrian army by the Russians yester
day at Rawa Ruska,
miles north­
west of Lemberg, with the result that
the last obstacle to the Russian ad
vance toward Berlin—now that Prze
mysl an dJarozlow are completely in
vested—has been removed.
What is probably most important
is the demoralization of the Austrian
army, which is now in a desperate
situatibn. Disheartened by constant
defeats and suffering from defection
of the various nationalities of which
it is composed, mutiny now has added
its destructive influence, and the de
sertions are many. Pestilence is
spreading through the ranks, and
numerous deaths from diseases are re
ported. In the big battles at Lem
berg, Helioz and Rawa Ruska. Aus
trians hav-e lost countless thousands
in dead and wounded and more than
30,000 prisoners, besides suffering the
loss of a major portion of their artil
lery and equipment.
lodged in the upper stories of the
abandoned German and Austrian em
bassies. Among them were a number
of Slav prisoners, who declared that
they had been fighting with the Aus
trians against their will, and that they
have been placed in the front ranks
on the battlefields and made to bear
the brunt of the fighting.
Dispatches received by the Russian
general staff confirm reports that the
Austrians have been defeated in a
series of engagements in the passes of
the Carpathian mountains and the
army is moving through Bukowina
province, the advanced guard having
already reached Berge pass.'
Berlin Must Be Taken.
Russia is now concentrating 3,500,
000 men for the invasion of German
Poland and East Prussia and the
czar has given orders that Berlin must
be taken at al icosts.
General Rennenkampf, in charge of
the first army of invasion In East
Prussia has resumed the offensive,
The gaps In his line torn during the
engagement at Allenstein and the sur
rounding territory have again been
filled, and the Russian army is now
prepared to push its advance on Ber
lin with all vigor.
It is probable that the next Rus
sian attack may be delivered at Posen,
an important German fortress, 150
miles eaat of Berlin. General Rennen
kampf has reported that the Germans
have concentrated there and at Bres
lau, 200 miles southeast ot Berlin,
seven army corps, numbering 280,000
So anxious is the csar tp see his
armies actually moving against' Ber
lin that it is reported he may. go -to'
(Contfnued on Page t.

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