VOL. 9, NO. 320.
Brokers, Theaters, Bowling
Alleys, Public Exhibi
tions, etc., Taxed.
STAMP TAX FOR DOC
UMENTS AND CHECKS
Proposed Ltit of Items and Proposed
Eery—-Cigar Dealers, Banks, Tele
graph Companies, etc., Must All
'Bear the Burden.
Washington, Sept. 16.—As agreed
upon by the democratic caucus and
administration leaders, the war rev
enue bill has been reframed to elimin
ate the freight tax. and provide special
It will tax banks with a capital and
surplus not exceeding $25,000, $50 a
year .and $2 for each additional thou
Stock brokers, $50.
Pawn brokers, $20.
Commercial brokers. $20.
Custom house brokers, $10.
Proprietors of theaters, museums,
concert halls, $300 a year.
Public exhibitions, $10.
Bowling alleys, billiard halls and
tobacco dealers are also included at
a' smaller rate.
This is in addition to a stamp tax.
The stamp tax, subject to probable
revision by the committee, in detail
.-Bank checks, two cents.
Drafts, bills of exchange, interna
tional. two cents for each $100.
Certificates of' deposit, two cents.
'Promissory notes, two cents each
'Money orders. t»wo ,c$nts per $100.
rtceipts, one cent.'
'Freight receipts, and domestic bills
of lading, one cent.
Telephone messages coating fifteen
cents or.-more, one cent'.
Bpndfe. fifty ceiits.
5 Certincitea on deposit, two ceftt^ ^t'
Certificates of damage, twenty-five
Certificates not otherwise specified,
Charters, $3 to $10.
Broker's contract, ten cents.
Conveyances,' fifty cents for each
Telegraph messages, one cent.
Life insurance policies, eight cents
Marine, international, casualty, fi
delity, guaranty, one-half of one per
Leases, twenty-five cents to the dol
Mortgages or conveyance' in trust,
twenty-five cents for each $1,600.
Power of attorney to state, ten
The power of attorney to sell, twen
Protests, twenty-five cents.
Warehouse receipts, twenty-five
TO BJUKSOF RHK
Such Declaration Made in
Telegram from Switzer
land, But Unconfirmed
London, Sept. 16.—A Central News
dispatch from Rome, quotes a tele
gram from Basil. Switzerland, to The
Messagro, stating the Germans are
reported to have received orders to
retire as far as the right bank of the
Rhine, completely evacuating France,
Belgium and Luxemburg.
TO BE NEUTRAL
Constantinople, via Rome,. Sept. 16.
—Turkey has finally decided to remain
neutral and will not. support Germany,
according to reports current in official
circles here today. This action was
decided on following a' straight warn
ing from England that if Turkey par
ticipated In the war it would be elim
inated forever as an independent na
tion. The news of Franco-British vic
tories in the recent fighting was also
a factor. It Is stated that, In return
for Its neutrality. Turkey will demand
that the powers recognise Its right to
abolish the extra, territorial conven
tions heretofore given to the powers.
BODIES IN HEAPS IN
"VALLEY OF DEATH"
Petrograd, Sept. 16.—The fiercest
fighting of all that which preceded
the Russian victory at Lublin was in
a gorge near the village of Mlkolaiff,
which the Russian soldiers reverently
named the "Valley of Death." The
gorge.was full of dead, men, lying In
heaps, according to a soldier who re
turned here from the front.
"Khen'we attacked lust before
daira," he said, "the gorge contained
11,000 Austrian*, most of.whom were
mowed down by the artillery fire,
33 which -plowed through the valley In
"TEhe Austrian* surrendered ahd.'we
entered the g6rge to receive their
anpa, while their general stoodquiet
ly on a hill watching the scene,
of Ms standards being turned over to
the Russians was more than he could
bear, for he drew a Pistol and shot
Governor William T. Haines, Republi
can, for re-election, according to un
official returns from all but 37 of the
521 cities and towns today. All four
congressmen, three Republicans and
one Democrat, were re-el6cted.
In a vote heavier than that cast at
the last presidential election, both
Haines and Curtis ran. well ahead of
the Taft and Wilson figures, while the
Progressive vote cast for Halbert P.
Gardner, the head of the ticket, show
ed a pronounced slump from that cast
The comparative returns available
from 484 cities and towns give:
Haines, Rep., 57,662 Taft, Rep..
Curtis, Dem., 61,249 Wilson, Dem.,
Gardner, Prof., 17,443 Roosevelt,
The total vote at hand, 136,354, ex
ceeded that from the eame places in
1912 by 11,878. The Republicans
showed an increase of 31,541 against
a Progressive toss of 30,461. The
Democratic gain was 10,798.
No material change was expeeted
from the complete returns.
The four Maine, congressmen. Ash
er C. Hinds, John A. Peters and Frank
E. Guernsey, Republicans, and Daniel
J. McGillicuddy, Democrat, were re
elected, according to the same re
The vote was 17,017 for Hinds, 16,
318 for J. S. Scates, Democrat, and 2,
811 for Walter C. Emerson, Progres
McGillicuddy was re-elected by 6,
500 plurality over Harold M. Sewall,
Republican of Bath, in the Second dis
trict. The vote was 10,884 for Sewall,
16,319 for McGillicuddy and 6,281 for
Alton C. Wheeler, Progressive.
Washington, Sept. 16.—Secretary
Daniels and other administration of
ficials expressed their gratification at
the result of the Maine election.
"That state, previously rock-ribbed
Republican, may now be classed as
doubtful," said Mr. Daniels.
"Very gratifying," was Secretary
Bryan'* c&jiiment a« he went to the
Ou«, of the first I things President
First—The Russian armies in East
Prussia, if not definitely defeated,
have, at all events, retreated to the
Second—All official reports agree
that the Austrian armies have been so
disintegrated that, they no .longer con
stitute a grave military problem for
Third—It is officially reported that
the czar's program Ignores Vienna
and calls first of all for a march to
The extent of the Russian reverses
in East Prussia in. not yet. definitely
known. Petrograd dispatches deny
that the situation is anything like as
bad as the Berlin reports would Indi
These dispatches, while admitting
that the Russians have been driven far
back in East Prussia, fighting lately
as far east as Goldap, claim that the
German advance is now at a stand
Austrians* Stores Destroyed.
The Russians, sweeping across the'
Vistula to attack the rear of the re
treating Austrlans, have destroyed
great quantities of the Austrian stores,
and are threatening the entire line of
communications of. the enemy in the
region north of Gallcia. Whether that
body of Austrians is captured or man
ages to retreat successfully, it is con
sidered that Austria cannot again seri
ously menace the Russian campaign
against Germany! The Russians, hav
ing outflanked the Austrians, are
crossing the Sai In Gallcia In great
force,, capturing many guns and pris
The Times, says a reasonable esti
mate of the Austrian losses thus far
In Galicia is 300,000 men killed,
the man or woman
who reads Herald adli
lives well within his or
her income-r-and lives
well. tAa readers are
'e ^^rnor in Maine
Three Republican^SEj^ssmen Are
Re-Elected One Dem Is Returned
Portland, 'Me., Sept. 16.—The
Democratic victory in Maine's state
election Monday was measured by the
3.587 plurality by which Mayor Oak
Curtis of .Portland defeated
William T. Haines, defeated Repub
lican candidate, and Oakley C- Curtis,
the successful Democratic candidate.
Maintained That Russia Has Rid Itself of One Problem in
Dealing With Kaiser's Eastern Forces—Terrific
Losses of Joseph's Armies.
London, Sept. 16.—Three important
facts are outstanding in the Russian
Wilson did when he returned to the
White- House was to examine the fig
ures of the Maine election. .He ex-.,
pressed Ratification to the cablnqtv as
wounded or captured, nearly one-third
of their army. They have also lost a
total of about 1,000 pieces of artillery,
more than two-thirds, of all they had!
The broken remnants of the Aus
trian armies are rendered doubly weak
by this poverty of field guns.
Siege, of Przemysl Expected.
The Austrian army retreating on
Przemysl is accompanied by about 40,
000 Germans, one army corps. It is
reported to be a part of the Russian
strategy to leave the W£# into Prze
mysl open for large forces of the en
emy, since adequate measures have
been taken for the complete invest
ment of that fortress, and the greater
the numbers of the enemy held there
the less will be the enemy's field force.
A prolonged siege "of Przemysl is ex
The Russians are now, according to
official statement, within one day's
march of Przemysl.
Washington, Sept. 16.—^Unofficial
advices to the Swiss legation yester
day report that the safety of a com
mercial route for Swiss exports
through Germany and Rotterdam has
been guaranteed. That would permit
exportation from Switzerland of silks,
watches watch parts attd chemicals,
said to be much needed in the United
States, although there is saLid to be
a shortage in Switzerland of raw ma
terials. Other advices to the legation
say 40,000 men comprising the Swiss
landsteum, called out several weeks
ago, have been demobilized) which is
expected' to facilitate the resumption
of industry In Switzerland.
BELGIANS IN AUTOS
DO HEAVY DAMAGE
London, Sept. 16.—An engagement
took place near Aloirt, fifteen miles
northwest of Brussels,: between, Ger
man cavalry and a'Belgian quick-fir
ing detachment' in motor cars, accord
ing to an Osten dispatch to Reuter's
Telegram company. The German
losses are reported to be heavy.
Twenty thousand Germans, the dis
patch" says, have evacuated Alost
hastily to reinforce their troops else
where-• Before their departure .the
Germans removed their flag, which
had beeh flying over the railway sta
COntrary to report^, the prison at
Louvaln remains intact and- holds
.and Thursday. Not muoh change
-"'.7 a m. 85 maximum l| mlh
imum 45 wind 1 miles north
wett precipitation .07 barometer
Republican Executive Com
mitteemen Sfee Much to be
OF CAMPAIGN LAID
Several State Candidates Here Hlog
line with the-Directors of the Com
Ing Politlca|| KlgUt—Will Promote
Plans for the, launching of the re
publican campaign in North Dakota
were taken up at the meeting of the
G. O. P. state executive committee,
which opened herd this morning.
Most of the mimbers of the com
mittee and a nufiiber of the candi
dates for various offices, were pres
erit at the opening session. Chairman
F. H. Spragufe of Grafton presided.
On account of a misunderstanding
regarding the time of the meeting, a
number of th6 candidates will not be
here until tonight or Thursday morn
ing, it is expected.
The opening session was devoted to
a' general discussion of ways and
nieans of conducting an active cam
paign. Details 6f the plans will not
be taken up until Thursday, it is ex
pected, in order" to give the absent
members of the Committee and candi
dates a chance
The questiqpBllfefitariclng the cam
paign was taiggSnp but the details of
this matter, until Thurs
hat. an active can
arried on and the
h&ve' an excellent
had no st
further a,dvft: ..
A general .feell
peared to prevails
tee members/. ho\re^
probabilities- ,of thaS
if SSptlmlsm ap
xlmore is the
E. L. Riehter oi':
representative of Grand Forks county
on the committee.
Carl Jorgenson, the busy state audi
tor, is on hand for the festivities. Mr.
Jorgenson missed the Shrine meeting
of last night by getting mixed on the
dates—'but otherwise he is as satis
fied as ever with things in general.
Thomas Hall, secretary of state,
was prevented from attending the
gathering by reason of the fact that
some work was piled up in the office
unexpectedly yesterday, leaving noth
ing for Hail to do but stay at home.
Bernt Anderson, one of the well
known old time members of the house
of representatives, is here from Ram
sey county to attend the republican
meeting: Mr. Ajtderson Is another
of the well known legislators who
leaves the assembly at the end of his
present term, the last primary election
being the reason. Mr. Anderson was
chairman of the appropriations com
mittee in the last assembly, wielding
great influence in the making up of
the appropriations by reason of his
County Auditor Harmon of Morton
county, the executive committee mem
ber for that district, is included in the
visitors, and a regular Morton county
reunion—with Chairman George, Clap
tain Hanley and Mr. Morton partici
pating—resulted. George formerly
was among County Auditor Harmon's
subjects, as a resident of Flasher,
John Paulson, one of the well
known pioneers of the Red river val
ley, a resident of Hillsboro and for
mer mayor of that city, is among the
George W. Hogue is one of the Kid
der county boosters who is spending
the day here for. the meeting. Mr.
Hogue spends much of the time tell
ing his neighbors juet how good a
state North Dakota Is-^and the result
is that he has his whole district popu
lated with real North Dakota boosters.
Mike fireen, one of the best known
newspaper-editors of the state, pub
lisher of the "Wolford Mirror, repre
sents Pierce county at the meeting
R. F. Flint, who talks dairying when
he Isn't talking about .his candidacy
for the Job of commissioner of agri
culture and labor, and who showed,
to good advantage in the sprint for
the nomination in the recent primary,
Is on the ground for today's meeting.
J. M, Devine. the well known Minot
politician, was one of the early vis
itors on the ground. The former gov
ernor has been declared responsible,
In. a large measure, for the platform
of the republican party of this, year
—but .Mr. Devine's natural modesty
prevents a confirmation of such re
Captain- J. M. Hanley of Mandan,
former speaker of the house and pres
est member of the state senate re
tires to the ranks of the privates this'
year, he not having been a candidate
for re-election this year. Captain
Hanley arrived today to attend tooth
the republican committee, meetlnig and
the State Bar association, and he will'
be ln the city till Friday. -4*
HUGE WAR RI$K
/y PLACEt|,BY U. S.
Washington, Sept. 1|—War risk'
insurance amounting to |8,SS,00e has
been written-on eleven vessels by the
Federal war risk Insurance bureau.
Applications tor |3,060J)60 more are
GRAND FORKS. N. D.T WEDNESDAY EVENIN G, SEPTEMBER 16,1914. TEN PAGES—PRICE FIVE CENTS.
French General Promoted, Dice.
Patis, Sept. 16.—In a late list of
casualties is the announcement of the
death of General Charles Roquets,
who was killed by being struck in the
hep,d iby a bullet near Barbie-Due, and
of Captain Raoul Ducouedic d'Kergou
laer. The latter was a grandson of
General de Montholen and a great
grandson of Brave Ducouedic, a cele-
brated Briton sailor, who commanded
La Surveillance in 1799 in the famous
fight with the British ship Quebec.
General Roques had Just been pro
moted to be a general of division.
Famed Zabern General Dies.
Berlin, Sept. 16.—The Cologne
Yolkszeitung says that according to
reports from officers Colonel von Rieu
ter of Zabern fame, fell in France
while leading the Twelfth Grenadier
regiment. His father fell in 1870, as
commander of the same regiment.
Dead Men Stand In Line.
London, Sept. 16.—The Times cor
respondent from a point near Melun
wired a vivid description of the rout
and retreat of the Germans during a
hurricane and torrents of rain, which
turned the roads into river ways so
that the wheels of the artillery sank
deep In the mire. He described how
the horses strained and struggled, oft
en in vain, to drag the guns away,
"I have just spoken with a soldier
who has returned wounded from a re
treat that will go down with the ter
rible retreat from Moscow as one of
the crowning catastrophes of the
world. They fled, he declares, as ani
mals flee who are cornered and know
"Imagine a roadway littered with
guns, knapsacks, cartridge belts, Max
ims and heavy cannon, even! There
were miles and miles of It, and the
dead, those piles of horses and those
stacks of men. I have seen it again
and again, men shot so close to one
another that they remained standing
after death. The sight is terrible and
horrible beyond words.
"The retreat rolls back, and train
load after train. load of British and
French are swept towards the weak
points of the retreating host. This ts
the advantage of the battle ground
which the allies have chosen. The
network of railways'ls like a network
of spiders' webs. As all railways cen
ter upon Paris, it Is possible to thrust
troops.upon the foe at any point with'
almost incredible speed, and food and
munitions are within arm's reach."
Italians Are Slain.
Trieste, via Rome, Sept. 16.—The
Trieste and Trient regiments which,
were sent to the front in Galicia, have
been cut to pieces. Most of these
regiments were made up of Italians
from the Austrian provinces that are
settled by the Italians. The lowest
estimate of the losses of Italians alone
Russians Take Qredit.
Petrograd, 8ept. 16.—Colonel
Shumsky, the military correspondent
of the Bourse Gazette, say's it is fair
to conclude that the Russian successes
on the Austrian front and the Russian
'movement in east Prussian were the
nrimary causes of the victories of the
Anglo-French army. The shocks ad
ministered by the Russian army, he
declares, have been so powerful that
the Germans were obliged to recall a
portion of their troops from France,
thereby facilitating the French task.
Colonel Shumsky thinks that the Ger
mans will attempt to seek consolation
In a useless blow which they are strive
in# to deliver In east Prussia, where,
he says, there are no serious military
Objectives tor decisive operations.
Named Paris Governor.
Parte, Sept. 16.—It is reported that
when the German general who was
captured by the French and brought
Into the capital yesterday was search
ed. .there was found in hta pocket his
nomination to the governorship of
Parte, signed tar Emperor William.
The name or this general was not
WHf ^r mm
PUtPOSE Of KUSQfS FORCES NOT
DEfflMf KHOWH TOM
May Be Only Covering Movement for Futher Retreat
on Meuse, or Determined Fight to Finish==Con»
testing Futher Advance of the Allies
London, Sept. 16.-—The second great battle in northern France, since the
southbound sweep of the German invaders met its check, now is apparently in pro
gress to the northward of the river Aisne. The opposing lines are arrayed from the
Argonne hills through Bethel to Chateau Percein, near the practice camp of Sis
sone, where the program of the French summer maneuvers contemplated cavalry
training on a large scale for this very date. Whether the Germans propose to fight
to the finish at this position, or plan merely to cover the retreat to the river Meuse,
is not yet clear..
Paris, Sept. 16.—According to official announcement this afternoon, the Ger- I
man army is fighting a defensive battle along its front, from Noyon to a point north
"During the pursuit of the enemy executed by our troops after the battle of
Marne, the Germans abandoned numerous prisoners to our hands. To these men
there had been added a large multitude of stragglers who were hidden in the forest.
No exact accounting of these prisoners, or of war material captured by us, so far
have been possible. It is for this reason that the minister of war, who does not want
to give out figures which might be considered fantastic, refrains from announcing I
the details of these captures."
London, Sept. 16.—-The center of interest in the western theatre of war has
shifted from the right wing of the German army, under General Von Kluck, to the
left wing, where the relief of Troyon, by the French, is regarded in London as leav
ing the army of the German crown prince in a dangerous situation. If the allies are
able to prevent the crown prince's army from using Metz as a base of supplies, it is
felt that serious damage may be done to that portion of the German forces. -,j
Berlin, Sept. 16.—(By wireless)—-German prospects in the battle of the
Marne region are still characterized here as fayorable. The general staff authoriz
ed a statement that nowhere along the line of battle have the British or French forc
es won a victory. No details of the fighting in Fr^noe.are announced, and.it is said
no decisive turn in events is probable for some time.
Expert military observers in Petrograd declared
that the Russian investment of Koenigsberg, and Gen
eral Rennenkampf's advance into East Prussia, were
planned with the deliberate intent of compelling Ger
many to detach some of her forces from France to the
relief of her East Prussian frontier. Petrograd mili
tary critics unite in characterizing this maneuver as
brilliantly successful, so much so in fact that the sal
vation of the allied forces of the west undoubtedly Was
due to Germany's having sent several of her best army
corps to East Prussia.
Petrograd, Sept. 16—In the summary of the fight
ing in Galicia, the Russian point of view, issued here,
said in part: "Russian troops are pursuing the Aus
trians with energy, and the defeat of the enemy con
tinues. Certain Austrian army corps have been vir
tually annihilated. Russian forces have passed the riv
er San. The eastern Russian advance guard is ap
proaching Prsemy si. The rapidity with which mili
tary operations are being conducted has made it im
possible to determine accurately the losses of the ene
my, but it may be said that they are colossal—250,000
killed and wounded and 100,000 prisoners."
As predicted in England, the French have retaken
Rheims, but this step is of greater moral and strate
gical value, for the line to the northeast of Rheims
provides a better defensive position for the German
forces than does the front marked by Rheims itself.
According to advices received here from Berlin,
the demand for news in Germany, where the people
appear to be growing impatient, has been soothed to a
certain extent by the reassuring statement from the
general staff that the German line is holding out suc
cessfully against the offensive movements of the allies.
So far as the last twenty-four hours is concerned,
this information agrees with the news received here,
with the exception of that regarding the German left
wing. This part of the line, judging from despatches
available here, appears not only to have withdrawn
from the investment of Verdun, but by permitting the
relief of Troyon, which is twelve miles southeast of
Verdun, to have left itself only one line of retreat. This
is through Stenay Gap, to reach Luxemberg, or by way
of Longuyon, Longwy, to reach Thoinville, Dieden
SAY KAISER WILL COM MAN"D EASTERN FORCES.
& .1 »«•—The Petit! Journal prints a telegram from Ber
Un. via Copenhagen, staling that the German emperor will proceed to
East Prussia to assume chief command against the Russians.
HEREIN SATS SITUATION IS "PAVORAHT.TT"
Berlin. Sept. 16.—Hie general staff announces that the sitiisllif w?
f*111 "favorable." It declares that the FraaotTand &&
English have at no place on the whole battle front won victors? and
that he Germans can look with confidence to the outcome. OUm ttau!
this, no news is obtainable regarding the progress of ooewttiona.
DECLARE BOSNIA TS fir.BAnim nr safevtakh.
Vienna*-Sept. 1«.—General Hoefer, deputy chief of the fimilsn
general staff, announced that the Servian army, which craned '-Li
ywr-8wtett^Hnngary. had been defeated atonar ita entire line aa*
that Ottrcn In Slavonla. and also Hin are now .'dear of 'die If9'
GREAT WIRELESS STATION IS OLOSED.
Tuckerton, N. J., Sept. 1«.—The Mff wireless station he«.^
?"»w-the only two
plants in the United States to direct totfetrvrti* t*M
I*said that the.ctsnerator bad
but information as to the exact nature of 'tKrSeeAdtmn Vessle523 ii!^
m,. lieutenant IVflx X. Gysax, U. 8.
.5Me the plant horned oat at
there was no evidence of any fninnlin with the
y-'Hie station Is ont of opewrtton for an tnde&rite period, a*& the
nant said, as the extent of the repalrs to be made has not
detennlned. It may takea —TlirT|«l|iHii ijiI
factored in flPrmimT If winlsl inmiiii in oMtSSTia
•r* Stateo. it
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