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The nonpartisan leader. [volume] (Fargo, N.D.) 1915-1921, November 04, 1915, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89074443/1915-11-04/ed-1/seq-2/

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Kansas Farmers Plan
Hold Wheat
To Point of
T«peka, Kas., Nov. 1.—A farmers'
trust, that if it is finally worked out
will .rival the^'steel, tobacco, and r-ail
roacf monopolies of the country,
being ^organized by the farmers oi
Kansas. The chief object of the or
ganisation is'to maintain the price
of wheat at the farmer's door at not
less than $1 a bushel.
The pjan of the organization has
just been completed and adopted- fry
a mass convention of farmers at
Great iBerid^last week. Mass meet
the farmers of'-all the wheat
growing counties of the state have
been-rdaUed for November 19, when
the locml Organizations are to be per
gates chosen
township and dele-
the state organiza-
tion, .when the final association will
be formed at Hutchinson Jarraary 8,
What .They Wan+o'Do
Here are the objects of the asso
cia^^:'Ss^rii(!0unced in the tempora
ry orgifoiztftiein plana of the Kansas
Wheat Growers' union:
To fix tfeei®M«imum price of wheat,
based upfe'TOe average-cost of pro
duction, sestwnate'd to be -at -least
$1 a jwshM| a-i^'to-enforce this mini
mum price-^by Concerted non-delivery.
To give the market for the first
few months after harvest to those
forced to •seW ^and interest" to those
wfo.-«tore iby -a monthly increase in
firice of S ce»ts a bushel, begiilJhirng
with Augost ewfeh^year, thus .preveftt
img -^esaiiew ^Uvery-^
time- 'anfi «|5W»viding for delivery
throughout 'the j'ear s» demtmd re
To^'ftiitftWish and maintain pri-
and increase!
f^pffs who join the union not to
a^y^their wheat except under direc
ti^D'iof the union and through the
unit's agents.
•JriHie association is organized and
feSs-for its objects some of the plans
o$$the old Farmers' Alliance that
sjfcejlfc Kansas and all the farming
sectswns of the middle-west twenty
five years -ago, The .AJliance becarn«ii
Broad Minded Men
Not Diplomats Must
Solve War
Chicago, Nov. 1.—Broad-minded
men of great mental attainments
whose lives have been devoted to the
betterment of humanity, are the men
Jane Addams would have upon the
world's peace commission in place of
diplomats and international lawpers.
Miss Addams, whose chief work for
the last year has been the promulga
tion of European peace tKrough per
sonal interviews with the warring
governments' heads, conference with
'President Wilson and work at the
International Peace congress in San
Francisco, outlined her vision of the
body of men which she hopes will
some day rule supreme over the des
tiny of nations. Her opinion, she
said, also is the general opinion in
•'Europe. Miss Addams said:
"We must have men whose minds
'are trained to visualize not only the
of Germany or America, but of
all nations.
"Men like Marconi, and others
whose entire lives have been -devoted
to benefitting humanity, are the ones
best fitted to consider problems of
international portent."
ttiary markets and sales -agents-1 tainments, could be selected and to
tliivjgli which-to market their- sur- them delegated the power of the set
tlement of international disputes.
plus **heat-' in- the most expedient
and -•economical way.
To fsstabiieh-adaily trade paper
flfrottgfe which.- reliable information
wivice relating to -the ests of all peoples.
of and marketing j" Future WraHldiim
wheat can be- gjyen to the producer "Future generations would benefit
and-%ougte^wluch official organ the by the work of such a body as this.
officers can com- The high ideals and nobleness of pur
•T 'tb-dperate. pose concentrated in the commission
^U!d^^Prese«tatives» when would be reflected throughout th»
To secure^phe co-opeartion of all ment agents. But it is my firm belief
interg^s_^^feh will share in the that the old days of secret diplomatic
putting from a stable: conferences with each government
rice for wheat. seeking through its representatives
the farmers' trust was
a committee of farm
county. W. W. Bowa.n,
•uh, and W. H. Kerr
committee. All are
ing residence in Kansas.
was named at a mass
'some 400: wheat growers
ind Septeber IS, when it
that some-such organiza
needed to protect the
see their profits going
whenever the price of
(slumps under one dollar a
Considering the high cost of
machinery, food and the high
iof their lancjs.
associatiri proposes to bind the
Trust to gain selfish ends should come to an
Miss Addams then referred to the
diplomats «wd continued:
When universal peace is attained,
it will not be through the medium
of men whose lives have jbeen de
Voted "to!professional war making,
"The idea behind the organization
"•of the commission recently appointed
Secretary Daniels: to stid the army
•awd havy problems uf national de
fense oooild tee -applied to the oKgani
zatKrn of a -world's pjeace commission.
"'The geniuses -of every"country, the
scientists and men of commercial at-
These men woufd be broad enough to
grasp the needs of evvery nation and
unselfish enough to act in the inter-
of world..
V.C wte^growerg^in congress, legisla- "Reports of my recent utterances
:lii tures, finA b^ore national and state I regarding diplomacy and diplomats
matters of have been misinterpreted. It is not
interest, ti^^tem. intention to slam' these sovern
interest intention to slam' these govern
end to be replaced by singleness of
purpose to benefit ^all mankind
through universal peace."
Solicitor General J. W. Davis, Uncle
Sam's international lawyer and diplo
matic affairs' expert, refuted Miss
Jane Addams' statement that interna
tional lawyers arid diplomats are not
fitted to conduct peace negotiations
because their training lias been nar
rowed to give them a view only of
their respective countries' interests.
"What Miss Addams says is not al
together true," says Davis. "In
bringing about peace it is possible
that the person who is a professional
in international affairs may .be able
to help as much as the person who is"
an amateur. Such a person might be
able to help a little more than an
The Leader fights for the farmers.
a powerful factor/ in agricultural
mattere and really was able to cpn
«trol priees for-- farm products -to
some extent.
Is Government \Tr$h
ing To Lay t)oivn
on New Haven
By Agness McSween.
Washington, Nov. 1.—Indignant
denial is made by the attorney gen
eral that he has placed inexperienced
and incompetent lawyers in charge of
the New Haven prosecution, with a
view to losing the case for the* gov
ernment. The attorney general would
necessarily make such a denial. Hisf
•selection of-unknown lawyers is, how
ever, causing general comment.
Gowl Lawyers for ftlcAdoo
It is recalled here that when the
\Vhole administration rushed to the
defense of Secretary of the Treas
ury McAdoo and Comptroller of the
Currency John Skelton Williams,
with a view to justifying their high
handed treatment of the Riggs Na
tional iBank, the attorney general em
ployed -as- the attorneys in the case
Louis D. Brandeis, of Boston, and
Samuel Untermeyer. of New York.
Brandeis is one of the most dis
tinguished and able lawyers of the
country. Untermeyer is also distin
guished by his shrewdness and -ability
•as a lawyer.
The national batik in this case had
charged that the secretary of the
treasury and the comptroller of the
currency tod -exceeded the aut
Conferred -upon it hem by law
cipline a bank for who^e officer
directors they maintained a
of personal hostility.
'Tliere was no .great public qu
involved, but it was regarded
iigreat fsolitical iroportasee that
•a charge as this ^should fee disprwed
in court.
-Who "the ^Utwjut Hw
The New Haven prosecution is in
charge of Batts and Swacker, the for
mer a law partner or the attorney
general of Texas, and the latter a
former employ of the interstate com
merce commission, who has been prac
ticing law, it is said, for but two
The attorney general says that
-both are very a-ble men. -Mr. Batts
has bean a .prominent member of the
Texas bar for several years. Mr.
Swackcr, as an employe of the inter
state commerce commission, aided in
the development of the case against
the New 'Haven combination.
In addition to this, the attorney
general says that the New Haven
case is so cle&r that it is only neces
sary to present the evidence to the
jury in -order to obtain a conviction,
unless, indeed, the jury is determined
to acquit the New Haven directors.
In such an event, the fault will be
With the jury, arid not with tjie
prosecution. While this statement" is
reassuring, the fact remains that
Swacker -and Batts are prosecuting
men who individually, through their
associates, control big business in the
United States.
Corporations Have the Best Lawyers
These" men are represented by the
ablest corporation lawyers that "big
business' 'has- been able to develop
and employ, .If the ability of lawyers
can get them out of their present
embarrassment, these defendants will
certainly have the benefit of all that
aBle lawyers can do.
In the meantime, the public, in
whose interest the case against the
New Haven directors has been
brought, is solely dependent uppn
Swacker and Batts. James W. Os
borne, of New York, is also of coun
sel for the government, but for some
reason, Mr. Osborne is taking no con
spicuous part in the" proceedings.'^
Here in Washington it is hopeid*
that the. attorney general is right in
his conclusions and that all needed
in the case is the presentation of
'Shipping FadffiMs I
Wesult in Grewt Fi-:,t
nancial Loss to
ST. PAUL, Minn., Nov. 2.—From
various sections of the country have
come stories—vivid and eloquent—of
great heaps of peaches rotting on
the ground. That expression—"rot
ting on the ground"—is common in
the United States. We hear -it every
year. Appples, pears, peachps—all
fruit—tomatoes, melons—varigtjs veg
etables—all are "rottir.g on the
ground." It means that tkeproducer
cannot afford to pack and ship his
produce at the prices that the mid
dlemen are willing to pay. '"To mar
ket mv peach crop," says an Okla
homa .grower, who is permitting 3,
000 bushels of peaches to rot on the
ground," would r.ot taring me returns
enough to pay me for my lime to say
nothing of returns for the crop itself
and the receptacles in which it must
be packed." So be, like hundreds of
other growers all over the country,
has thrown his orchard produce into
a huge Pile he has scrapped" it,
consigned it to rot and waste.
Worst of ail fauatrws.
In no other country in tfae world
is there a waste like tlas. .Here, how
•ever, even thugh we know what it
means, we tolerate it. We-talk about
it, discuss it, empfoy experts to es
timate the annual 4oss -it ^occasions
and t-ell us how mudi cheaper things
-would be if the waste -wftne-:anly part
ly reduced, but tno 'further.
'Naturally, tfcre potcdweer ieels it, of
-eottvae, .more -keenly .tton^aHSjeone else
it -empties his pocketbrtfc Silt ,it al
'So -helps to -empty the $e
»«f :^1 tfce rest"«f us. Wiiiietthousands
toushel of we "'rotting on
the "ground," the ultimate-consvnser
is paying crop failure prices forthem.
Where the TrutiMe Lies.
Most of our trouble is "due, exp?rts
tell us, to lack of facilities for trans
porting the surplus of one section of
the country to another sgctin where
there is a dearth. That, no doubt, is
true. But there are other sources of
the trouble. The producer, to bsgin
with, se^ms to be utterly helpless un
less the commission man comes to his
rescue. If the commission man fails
him he is lost. The long dependence
appears to have robbed him of iniat
ive. Yet it might seem that the Okla
homa orcharaist with acreage and
trees enough to rake 3,000 bushels
peach's—and others like him—with a
considerable capital invested would
be far-sighted and prudent enough to
have at hand some means of handling'
his crop if the commission man should
fail him. Would there not be a mar
ket for these peaches if they wire
canned? Or could he not, by one way
or another, market his own crop—iml
direct to the consumer? Perhaps, af
ter all, if the producer, the orchard
ist, the farmer would take' the pains
to learn as miigh about the commis
sion business as the comifsion man
learns about the crops, a good deaf of
the waste would be eliminated at en1
It's time the other fellow paid your
price awhile. Turn about is only fair
the evidence of the jury. At the
same time it is recalled that the pub
lic interest in many very important
instances has suffered through inad
equate presentation of the govern-,
ments side in court proceedings.
How First Trust Case Was Lost
The first anti-trust case was lost
ly the government, as the sup,rem3
court subsequently proclaimed" in its
decisions, because of inadequate pre»
sentation by -the government. vtiA

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