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These objections were first urged
by the Leader and Dr. Ladd, when C. J. Brand, head of the bureau of markets that established the grades, held hear ings In Fargo and Minneapolis last February. But they got scant consid eration. The farmers and those In touch with grain growing and hand ing (except the big grain buyers and fcillers) pointed out that the moisture content was too narrow, that the per centages of "inseparable" weed see,d were too small, and that there were many exacting technicalities that could Bot be observed In practice. LEADER STARTED FIGHT ALL ALONE No one but the Leader, the League and Dr. Ladd urged these points. Everyone else was aganist them. Even the so-called farm papers kept silent. Then the grades began to be applied. The injustices began to drain the pockets of the farmers and overflow those of the grain ring. The dissatis faction was widely voiced by farmers. Now comes the announcement long Wished for by everyone who has the Interest of the farmers at heart, direct from Secretary Houston of the depart ment of agriculture to these words: "The department of agriculture de sires to have the official standards for grain, and the rules and regulations of the secretary of agriculture under the United States grain standards act, meet fatty the practical requirements of the various interests engaged In the production, marketing and utilization of such grain. It is belleved, that the official standards for cohx arid wheat and the rules and regulations have been in force long enough to afford a substantial basis for consideration or modification or amendments that may be practicable and desirable." Farmers, inspectors, millers, railroad representatives and any others Inter Our Amateur Department i.A/j Our amateur cartotn this week Is by Einar C. Hanson, Harris, Minn. Hanson is 18 years old. "I have read the Leader ever since my father joined the League," he says. And he shows he has, for he has caught the spirit and meaning of the great farmers' movement. The Leader is paying $1 each for amateur cartoons used in this department. Cartoons submitted must be on white paper IN BLACK INK, in order to reproduce. The Leader can not undertake to return cartoons not used, nor to correspond in regard to them. Amateur artists are requested to give their age when sending their work. Our amateur department seems to be making a hit, judging from the matw contributors and words of appreciation from the boys and girls. May Change U. S. Grain Grades Hearings for This Purpose Are Announced by Secretary Houston HE Leader's Jong fight for a change in the federal grain grades has won. Hearings will be held in Minneapolis December 6, and Fargo De cember 8, at which objections of grow ers and others will be heard. Other hearings are to be held from coast to coast and numerous questions will be taken up. It is noticeable that some of the questions suggested for discus sion are those upon which Northwest ern farmers, the Nonpartisan Leader, arid the North Dakota state officials have been insisting. For instance: "Shall the subclass B.ed Spring Hump back in Class 1 and Red Durum in Class 2 be eliminated? Shall the grades for mixed wheat be changed, and if so, what changes are suggested? Shall the minimum test weight per bushel, maximum moisture content, total wheat of other classes, and spe cial limitations for wheat of other classes be changed, and if so, what changes are suggested." There are many more, relating to "inseparable •weed seed" damaged kernels, etc. /Ias.///, r. ested, are invited to attend these hear ings. The first sign that anything was to be done came after North Dakota state officials took the matter up with the department of agriculture last summer. Governor Frazier, Commissioner of Agriculture Hagan and Attorney Gen eral Langer united in calling attention of the government to the defects in the grades and in asking i'or hearings. When farmers, under this food law, were ordered to sell their wheat held in elevators every 30 days, thus remov ing the last safeguard of the farmers against extortion, North Dakota pre pared to test the constitutionality of the law. This brought Robeit A. Taft, special representative of the govern ment, to Bismarck. Mr. Taft took an auto trip with Langer and heard from elevator men how they were using the grades. He talked with farmers and got their side of the question. Then, when it became widely known throughout the country that official Washington had budged, there was a scramble by those who never before had helped in the fight, to seize the glory of bringing about the impending modification of the federal grain grades. Governor Burnquist of Minnesota followed the lead of Gover nor Frazier of North Dakota and asked the department of agriculture that the grades be modified. Farm papers took up the cry. At first the bureau of markets de clared it would not modify the grades, but this soon appeared to be only a rear guard action to cover the retire ment, for shortly afterward the North Dakota farmers' plea, voiced through the state officials and the Leader, was heeded to the extent that a former or der refusing to allow grain to be sold on sample, was rescinded, and grain was allowed to be sold on sample be low No. 3 northern, and now the bu reau has frankly called hearings. FARMER HIT BOTH WAYS Rockdale, N. D. Editor Nonpartisan Leader: I hear most every farmer say, "Well, we will have to pay from $200 to $300 for a binder," and so on about other farming machinery. Farmers were cut off at least $1 per bushel on wheat on the fore end of the farming industry and then here comes the rear end punch, besides war taxes. Can't some one give a solution that will .induce our good administration to get. after the machinery companies and set a price on machinery as well as twine and some other things that the farmer Uses? I am willing to do all I can to help win the war but it would seem unfair to have to pay more for a binder than is necessary because it will be an awful blow on the farmer and I know he is just as patriotic as any machin ery company. List's hear from some Others about what they think. Tears in the war to win, H. H, PRICE. Term Courses Winter Name Town or P. O. ADVERTISEMENTS The North Dako a State School of Science TRAINS YOUNG MEN AND YOUNG WOMEN FOR SERVICE Serve Your Country Serve Your State Serve Yourself Winter Term Opens December 4, 1917 PRESIDENT WILSON SAYS: "There will be need for a larger number of persons expert in the various fields of applied science than ever before." HOMEMAKERS MILLINERY STEAM ENGINES STENOGRAPHY TELEGRAPHY TRACTION ENGINES "The education of girls will have to be modified to fit them for the variety of new occupations for which their services will be in acute de mand .... with a million men withdrawn from the industrial ranks of the country, the entrance of women into industry will be un precedently increased. We cannot afford to stint on training them for their new duties."—NATIONAL SERVICE HANDBOOK. ATTEND THE NORTH DAKOTA STATE SCHOOL OF SCIENCE 1. BECAUSE the expense of attendance is very low. 2. BECAUSE it is a State Vocational School. 3. BECAUSE it offers a SPECIAL TRAINING in Vocational Courses for all students, fifteen years of age, or older, with a sixth grade preparation, or more, and especially for those who do not desire the usual four year high school and college courses. 4. BECAUSE it offers to older students elementary eighth grade courses such as reading, arithmetic, spelling, penmanship, and geography. 5. BECAUSE—"For the duration of the war and some time there after there will be an unprecedented need for men (and women) trained in every technical field."—NATIONAL SERVICE HANDBOOK. YOU CAN LEARN How to make a gasoline engine How to drain your farm How to do blacksmithing How to keep books How to cook How to run a dairy farm How to use a typewriter How to run steam and gas engines How to build your farm buildings How to play a band instrument How to write shorthand How to make your own dresses County state Check course or work you are interested in and write for further information. Write today for further information about North Dakota's VOCA TIONAL School. Register December 4th for winter term courses. FRED E. SMITH, President North Dakota State School of Science Wahpeton, N. D. NORTH DAKOTA STATE SCOOL OF SCIENCE STUDENTS ARE SUCCESSFUL BECAUSE THEY ARE SPECIALLY TRAINED FOR LIFE WORK. DO YOU SOW WILD OATS? AGRICULTURE AUTOMOBILE REPAIRING^ BOOKKEEPING DRESSMAKING ELECTRICITY GAS ENGINES How to keep your farm fertile How to do some carpentering How to wire your own home How to survey How to write a good letter How to be an electrician How to trim and make your own hats How to play basketball How to arrange and manage your home How to telegraph As ye sow so shall y? reap. No farmer sows wild oats willingly but only because unable to clean it out of his seed grain. It is not difficult to take this robbing weed out of wheat and heavy barley, but, to separate wild oats from tame oats and light barley and rye, "Aye there is th rub." ^After trying all other separators take this same grain and use the HOILAND WILD OATS SEPARATOR you ., will see how well it will pick out every wild oat by the whiskers whether large or small. Machine made in two sizes, large $50.00, small $35.00. A special Wild Oat Separator without a competitor as my infringers were prosecuted and stopped by law. Send for catalogue—Free. Ask for it today. Albert Hoiland, Manufacturer, Fargo, N. D. First Class Cafeteria in Connection. POWERS HOTEL FARGO'S ONLY MODERN FIRE PROOF HOTEL Hot and Cold Running Water and Telephone in Every Room On Broadway, One Block South of Great Northern Depot FARGO, N. D. PAGE ELEVEN Mention Leader when writing advertiser* y'i ^:-y. ...^ """....' *. •'..." y. ..