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-v r*K •A 'M Si--' ..A •••'.. i'.UTr.:'-'.:" --y-. &Sfl£ir SSi? County Council of Defense call, and tt herefcy does call, upon all local councils of the county and all mem &!" deft'"fe councils and all other loyal citizens to daicourage tar. all honorable means, during the existence of the war, the organization or agitation for the purpose of or ganizing or of teaching the doctrines of the Nonpartisan league within Dunn county. J66 it .further resolved, that a copy-of these resolutions be "tnauea by the secretary to the chairman of every defense council in Dunn couftfy, accompanied by a request that the local defense council of which he is chairman ratify this resolution, and take such action toward the carrying out of its purpose as shall seem best to such local defense council. Be it further resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be Bent to the clerk of every school district in Dunn county, accompanied by a "request that all school officers aid in car rnng .out the purpose of these resolutions, and particularly they forbid and prohibit the use of the schoolhouses under their/^jurisdiction by said Nonpartisan league or its repre sentatives daring the existence of the war. Be it further resolved* that a copy of these resolutions be sent by the secretary to the captain of each school district In Dunn county, accompanied by a -request that such captain and his lieutenants aid in all honorable means in carrying out the purpose of these resolutions. And, be it further resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be forwarded to every county council of defense in Wiscon sin, with. a recommendation that action similar to the above be taken by each of them, and further, that a copy of the same be furnished for publication in Forward, the organ of the state eouncil of defense, and to all papers in Dunn county. Wherein the activities of the organized farmers are or have been interfering with the prosecution of the war, .the council of defense does not state. 'Wherein the Nonpartisan league is dividing the citizens into classes in a way that will hinder the prosecution of the war, the council of defense does ':vv •. BY THE FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION *|HE agreements and close rela tionships among the big pack ers are by no means confined to the purchase of livestock and the sale of meats. Here, for example, are extracts from a few letters taken from the files of the Neenah Cheese & Cold Storage company, one of the subsidiaries of Armour & Co., which neglected to "comb" its files before the visit of the commis sion's agents. These extracts, more or less typ ical of a hundred or more letters in the commis sion's possession, reveal how closely the American cheese market is controlled. This control of the cheese market is of par ticular interest in view of the enormous hoarding of this food indicated by a letter, dated November 4, 1917, from C. E. Blodgett (who, with Armour, owns the C. E. Blodgett Cheese, Butter & Egg company) to-I. P. Laing of the Neenah company,, another Armour concern: You and I both know that there are enough twins (a form of American cheese) in storage in the United States, if England doesn't come back and buy of us, to last' fcr the next twoyears to come. On June 30, 1916, J. W. Brown (manager of the butter, egg and poultry department of Armour & Co.) wrote to I. P. Laing: Your Mr. Nesbit at Spring Green raised the market to „14% on cheese. Don't you think this is very bad work? How do you expect we can influence the people at Plymouth (the principal cheese board) to hold the market at 14% cents if you raise the figures? Wish yon would tell this gentleman that he must not do this, because our interests elsewhere are so great I that we can not afford to raise the market on otirselves, and Plymouth will certainly go up if you bid over the Plymouth prices oh other boards. They all seem .to be worked up about thia, Relations between the 'Dig packers in the cheese market are /well shown by the follow ingigtters: Marshfleld, Wis., July 8, *1916. W. Brown, Care Armour & Co., Chicago, lit 'Dear: Mr. Brown: Referring to 'your wire of even date in re gard to getting the market down at Plymouth. I doubt very much if this can be done. I have had this up with Plymouth and She boygan (twobig cheese boards) this week, and again today. Al so, talked with Mr. Pauly(Pauly A Paulr, Swift buys four-fifths of saletf) about it, ana they com plain bitterly about what Blanke is doing down in that section about going out to the factories, and paying premiums for cheese and claiming that the dealer are all sore about it, and they can't handle, them, although they'have agreed with me to put the mar-. ket down a quarter of a- cent, if KV possible, but I tell you one filing, Mr: Brown, I can't handle these people down there any longer on less something can be done to keep Blanke from antag onizing them the way«he is, and you are the only man that can handle this. I am doing the very best I can, and sending a carload of cheese down there a week, to be distributed among the brokers, to keep the market in MM iii not state. Wherein the teachings of the Nonpar tisan league tend to incite class hatred and dis trust, the council of defense does not state. However, in answer to these absurd and ridicu lous charges, it is only necessary to say that the Nonpartisan league, since the start of the war, has devoted its entire strength of organization to help win the war. The "argument" of the Dunn County Council of Defense is absolutely destroyed when the facts concerning North Dakota are stated. Nearly every farmer in North Dakota be longs to the League, and farmers constitute 80 per cent of all the people. The state is_ governed by a governor and administration elected-by the League, and its laws are made by a legislature elected by the League. North Dakota is second to no state in war activities. It has doubled or trebled every Liberty loan quota. It holds some of the best records in the United States for sub scriptions to the Red Cross. The state has pro duced record war crops. What has the Dunn County Council of Defense to say to this As to the charge that the Nonpartisan league will stir up class hatred and destroy the efficiency of Dunn county in the war, no more ridiculous as sertion could possibly have been made. Does it stir up class hatred when the farmers organize, but does not stir up class hatred when lawyers, More Revelations of Packers' Methods How They Control Other Lines—Joint Funds Maintained by the Big Five—Methods and Results of the Combination lin& it, but I can't do it without some help from you. Yours truly, C. B. BLODGETT CHEESE, BUTTER ft EGG CO., (Signed) C. E. Blodgett. (This letter had shorthand annotations, which stenog rapher in office could not decipher.) Mr. I. F. Laing, Care Neenah Cheese & Cold Storage Co., 125 W. South Water St., Chicago, 111. July 11, 1016. Dear Sir: Please note Mr. Blodgett's letter attached. It this man Blanke is causing all this trouble I wish you would put a muzzle on him. We must keep down the markets if possible when we are accumulating these big stocks.. Let me hear from you, please.' Yours very truly, ARMOUR ft COMPANY, JWB—R (Signed) J. W. Brown It is certain that by no means all the agreements in effect between the big packers came to the at tention of the commission. Thus, for example, we have evidence of an agreement on lard com pound, which was made at the time the commis sion's investigation was being vigorously pressed and came to light only by chance. Letter, Armour & Co. to H. G. Sharpnack (Ar mour's branch house superintendent at Pittsburg), dated January 24, 1918: It's alwbys been~ our understanding that if our organi zation Jiad the same, price as the other fellow, that's all they need. This is certainly a fact on Substitute since 0_ January 14th, and we will be very much'surprised if your territory does not triple its business each month. We do not recall having such an opportunity in the history of the firm, and if this practice is maintained, it's a pretty safe bet we will get our share. This was followed on January 28, 1918, by a cir cular from H. 6. Sharpnack to all managers giv ing the following instructions: Please give this compound all attention possible. Every body^ price must be. the same as yours. If you find any Profitable cattle raising, as the report of the federal trade commission points out, is es f:| sential to prosperous American farming. But it is profitable only in small spots because of the monopoly domination of the market for beef cattle and dairy products. .... PAG?, NINE doctors or bankers organize Have lawyers, bank ers or doctors abandoned organization during the war? What is the difference? The real force that is stirring up class hatred in Dunn county, Wis., is the Dunn County Council of Defense, which seeks to prevent, contrary to the laws and consti tution, the citizens of the county organizing and co-operating together politically and economically. Has labor abandoned organization during the war? No! In fact, the United States government has announced a war labor policy encouraging and protecting workingmen in efforts to organize dur ing the war. When the Minnesota state govern ment recently attempted to prevent the organi zation of new labor unions during the war, the governor of Minnesota was promptly challenged by the president's war labor board, as such a pol icy is contrary to the United States government's policy. What have the Wisconsin patrioteers to say to that? All efforts by misinformed, misled or intention ally vicious councils of defense to deprive citizens of their rights is what is stirring up class hatred in America today, more than anything else. The farmers of Dunn county have a right to organize and they will organize, as well as farmers of other counties of Wisconsin and of other states in America. -•111 deviation make doubly sure that you are right by seeing the bill, noting the date of same, quantity sold and the price and let me have it. This so pleased Armour & Coi that on January SO, 1918, L. L. Whelan of Armour's lard depart-" ment wrote Sharpnack: Very glad to note your co-operation on White Cloud as per your circular to houses dated the 28th. In this connection, however, it occurs to. us that we should not make any noise about competitors' prices being identical, etc. Under present conditions this is not advisable, as you are undoubtedly aware. Also you might destroy this letter on the subject. Evidence of other agreements might ibe quoted at length and they will appear in the report. The quotations already made would seem to answer affirmatively the president's question:: "Are there manipulators, controls, trusts, com binations, conspiracies or restraints of trade out of harmony with the law or the-public interest?" SLUSH FUNDS ON PERCENTAGE BASIS b. '.istii kK) Further evidence of the existence of a conspir acy among the five big packers was found in the vault of Henry Veeder, in the form of documents relating to funds maintained by the big packers and oleomargarine manufacturers, primarily for the purpose of protecting themselves from punishment for the divers practices already described in part. These joint funds, as will be shown in one of the sections of the report, were used: To employ lobbyists and pay their unaudited expenses To influence legislative bodies To elect candidates who would wink at viola tions of law, and defeat those pledged to fair en forcement To control tax officials and thereby evade just taxation To secure modifications of governmental rules and regu lations by devious and im proper methods To bias public opinion by the control of editorial policy through advertising, loans and subsidies, and by the publica tion and distribution at large expense of false and mislead-, ing statements. Henry Veeder, the manager of the Veeder pools of the 90s, is the assessor, collector and paymaster of these joint funds, and his office is the clearing house through which the money, passes and to which reports -are sent. Although single assessments for these funds range as high as $50, 000, Veeder claims that he keeps no books showing the disposition, of these large" sums of money, but the many letters now in our possession' show specifically to% whom a..