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WHY 1 CHICKS DIE [Send the coupon below today. Find out how to stop the terrible plague of White Diarrhoea which every year robs half the chicks in every hatch. Learn how to Mve every one of the precious, downy, little ones. Every chick you save means $1.50 profit when It arrows up. And you can make this saving at a cost of only lc for 5 chicks. Find out how. Send the coupon for this valuable book now. JSave Every One You will not lose a single chick if you use Reefer'sReady Relief. Poultry raisers in every part of the country have proved that Reefer's Ready Re lief protects the entire hatch from the deadly White Diarrhoea scourge. It is a scientific medicine that acts as an internal antiseptic and keeps the baby chicks' stomach in perfect condition. A million dollar bank guarantees that Reefer's Ready Relief will give complete satisfaction. You risk nothing. Chick Food FREE Send the coupon while this offer lasts—a large, lull size package of my famous chick food absolutely free. This pure, wholesome, nutritious food develops your baby chicks in six to eight weeks to big, sturdy pullets or broilers. This food builds blood, bone and tissue. It will give you healtny, ...wucy'inaking flock —laying hens 2 to months earlier* Now is the time for you to prepare for a big poultry season write for my big free offer. Bead the letters below picked from thousands. See what Reefer's Ready Relief and Chick Food Will do for yon/ Only Lost One of Incubator Hatch Beeafred the box of Beady Belief. My Incubator Jut Batched and I onlyloat one chick with white Diarrhea.— MBS. O. F. GILLuAJi, Central City, Neb. Hatched 200—Saved Them AO My neighbors have loet Iota of chicks. I here over 100 Batched and haven't lost a single one with White Diar rhea, and 1 rive Ready Ralief the praise. MBS. G. HANCOCK, Btnrgis, Ky. Wonderful How Chicks Grow erot Reefer's Chick Food* started osing ft. It Is wonderful to see how they grow. This something I never would be without. To have success with chicks use Reefer's Bemedies. Mrs. EARL JENNINGS, Austin, Tex. Raised Entire Hatch Ready Relief is all yon claim it to be. I did not have It for my first hatch of incubator chicks, and lost thirty-one, but have oot lost one of my next, and they are four weeks old.—MBS. DAN HOLLY ckOSS, a Silvercrots, Indiana Hatched 117—Raised Them All I have been using your White Diarrhoea remedy on my last lot of little chicks. 1 hatched 17 chicks and have not lost one. They are ten days old today, and not a weak ens in the flock.-JOHN A. CLARK, Jonesboro. Ark. Find Out! Bend the coupon below at once (or write a postcard if you prefer). 1 will aend you my big, free offer ana also my valuable poultry pook which tells bow to prepare a simple home solution that cares white Diarrhoea Dver night and saves 90% of every hatch also tells all about the care of baby chicks bow to develop chicks quickly to maturity. Every poultry raiser should have this valu able book of hints. Decide now to stop your chick losses this year. Decide now to develop iveryone of your chicks Into big, healthy layers or broilers. Get full iktifli at ones ."•and the coupon today* E.J. Reefer Oy Million Doflarm flacftecf a 690$ Poultry Bldg., Kansas Gty, Mo* •aaaaaaaaaaiaaaaBaaaiaaa——i 3. E. Reefer, pear Sir:—Please send me free and without obligation Tull details of your special free offer on Reefer's Chide •Food and Reefer's Ready Relief. Also send me your valuable poultry book, which tells me how to save baby chicks from White Diarrhoea, free. Nam® Address Mention the Leader When Writing Advertisers ing that the poultryman has fertile eggs, the first thing to do is to see that they are clean. The embryo chick has to breathe through the porous egg shell and if the latter is dirty the chick is apt to die a-borning. Care of Young Chicks Is Important Watch Heat of Your Brooder and Keep Food From Newly Hatched Chicks if You Want to Succeed BY F. A. HARDING HE care of the incubator during the hatching period determines the be of a chicks, providing the eggs are fertile. Assum In a previous article the wisdom of running the incubator for a day or two before putting in the eggs was pointed out. Such procedure makes regulation of heat a much easier mat ter. The bulb of the thermometer should be on a level with the top of the eggs for the heat ~in an incubator varies just as it does in a room. The ceiling will be hot, while the floor is cool. Directions accompany every incu bator and these should be followed ex actly as they are written. The direc tions will tell you how often the eggs should be turned and give other valu able pointers. Most poultrymen test their eggs for fertility after the seventh day of incu bation. Infertile eggs will show up clear and these might well be taken out of the incubator, hard boiled and chopped up as feed for young chicks. At the end of three weeks the suc cess or failure of the hatching will be realized. If the incubator has been operated intelligently and there has been a good percentage of fertile eggs, the hatching should be excellent. If the "jinx" has been on the job and regulation of heat has been far from perfect, the hatching, such as it is, will probably consist of weakened chicks that stand little chance of life in the struggle for existence. DONT GIVE HEN TOO MANY CHICKS TO COVER The hen is the natural brooder, of course, but many poultrymen make the mistake of giving a hen too many chicks to mother. In any event, the hen will not admit incubator chicks to her family unless she has hatched some of her own at the same time. With 200 young chicks on his hands, however, the poultryman is fortunate who has enough hens to mother the entire lot. The manufactured brooder is a real ly necessary adjunct to the incubator. Good ones are on the market, or it is comparatively easy to make one your self. Practically the only problem concerned in the manufacture of a home-made brooder is the matter of heat regulation. Solve this difficulty, afford plenty of room for the chicks, and your brooder troubles are over. The chicks generate considerable animal heat and it is easy to deter mine if the temperature in the brooHer is either too hot or cold. If too hot the chicks will spread out on the floor as .far apart from each other as space will permit and you will notice their labored breathing. When cold, the chicks huddle together, making the most of the heat generated by their own bodies. Poultrymen are agreed that the young chicks should not be fed within 24 hours after hatching. Nature has provided subsistence for the newly hatched chicks and any attempt to lure them into eating ahead of time is apt to result in stomach trouble and death. The proper feeding of young chicks is a big subject, and I will not attempt to go into it here. In another article I shall attempt to give the views of men who have been successful in rais ing incubator chicks. Every poultry man is agreed that it is easier to hatch 'em than it is to make 'em live. COST OF RAISING HEIFERS The importance of providing cheap feed for growing heifers and practic ing thorough culling is brought out by the results of feeding experiments re cently completed by the dairy division, United States department of agricul ture. In these experiments groups of calves were fed from birth to one year and two years of age and a rec ord kept of all feed consumed. In one experiment, 11 heifer calves were raised to the age of one year. The amount of feed consumed by each calf was as follows: Hay, 571.8 pounds grain, 885.5 pounds silage, 3,693.1 pounds milk, 110 pounds skim milk, 2,414 pounds. Estimating the hay at $30 per ton, grain at $60, and si/age at $8 per ton, milk at 4 cents and skim milk at three-fourths of a cent per pound, the cost of raising each heifer to one year of age was $72.42. Five of the calves from the first ex periment were then fed for one more year. During this second year each calf consumed on the average 1,117.8 pounds of hay 1,221.6 pounds of grain 8,031 pounds of silage. Using the same figures for computing the cost of the feeds consumed during this second year, the total cost of raising a heifer from birth until two years of age was $157.96. These figures em phasize the necessity of providing cheap feed for heifers, such as pasture and silage, and bring out the impor tance of carefully culling the heifers to avoid raising those which will prove to -be inferior cows. UTILIZING SEA WEED Kelp, apparently, is going to be a profitable source of potash, an impor tant fertilizer ingredient that the United States formerly obtained al most wholly from Germany. N During the war an experimental kelp-potash plant was established by the United States, department of agri culture' at Summerland, Cal. Before the second year of operation was com pleted it had been determined not only that the plant could be made self-sus taining, on the basis of potash alone, at $2.50 a unit, but that a number of valuable by-products could be profit ably obtained. The chief of the bureau of soils, which operates the enterprise, estimates that if the plant turns out $300 worth of potassium chloride a day it may at the same time turn out $269 worth a day of the four principal by-products. Among the by-products whose com mercial obtainability has been estab lished Are iodine, common salt, am monia and bleaching carbon. FAMILY LIVING COST An average American family of five pAsons requires $2,244 a year to sus tain it in health and reasonable com fort at present prices, acording to in vestigations of Professor W. G. Og burn of Columbia university. The budget provides $768.60 for food clothing for man, $146.81 for woman, $130.92 for three children, $177.53 rent, $216 fuel and light, $70 mis cellaneous, $576.50. MERCHANTS ORGANIZE Merchants of Montana have perfect ed a nonpartisan league of their own to combat a law passed by the last legislature after an investigation of retail prices. ADVERTISEMENTS -j1. MANKATO INCUBATORS THE OLD RELIABLE HATCHER! with a record. Made by experts of 27 years' experience building and oper ating Incubators and raising poultry. Wonderful special features, makes the Mankato the leader of all Incubators. It hatches tha highest per cent of strong chicks In any climate, winter or summer. Sold direct from factory t* uirrat bedrock price under strong binding guar antee. It la the one high class hatcher that. Is made right and sold right. Don't experiment, get the dependable time tested quality Mankato. NO BETTER INCUBATOR MADE Built of real California Redwood in natural wood finish, three thicknesses of walls, heavy pure cop per hot water tank and boiler, perfect automatic regulator, correct ventilation, safety lamp, large oil tank—one filling to hatch, high nursery, tested thermometer, eto. Heavy, well Insulated wall construction and special double heating system Insures uniform temperature and highest per cent hatches. All set up ready for use. The most durable, simple, sure, safe, handsome. Also Brood ers for Outdoor and Indoor Use. *AI*KATI Largest factory In the North west. Write today for our big new annual book and catalog and see the why of our low rices and how good the dankato is made—it's tree. Mankato hwutator Ca. Box 754 Mankato, Minn. SOFT-HEAT Ifattest hooiator Discovery ia St Tetife \lnsnrea Strong, Healthy Chicks from \y«rj good egg. Iron-Clad Ommm» foter Soft-Hut Tubelett Inasi* lor combines hot air and water. Auto* I matte control of heat, mois tare and ventilation. Centerheatplan.rotxnd Dwt «g*»turaMml4Urtoaaticftnrwitb* oat raMnrlnr trar.~i»Tca and Staph, Saf«, Sort. ExpnaFnpalL Write for Btg New Free Boo*. fOBTEt IRCNUTOt CO. Box 124 Blair, It. ratka Chicks 20 leading varieties, day old chicks. Sifa delivery guaranteed. Postpaid. One of the largest and best equipped hatcheries in tha United State*. Catalog FRGB. Miller PoultnrF«rm,Bo« 53^ LancaatecvMOi Save Chicks—1 Don't let your chicks die bat write foiwfor FBES White Diarrhoea Tablets with fuU directions fat using. Send no money. I want yon Wtry them. ALLEN E. WOODALL, Poultry Remedy Expert 2120 fiennepln Ave. Minneapolis, Minn. CI DDCCnC Most Profitable pure-bred DKECUw Northern raised Chickens. Ducks, Geese, Turkeys. Fowls. Eggs. Incuba tors all at low prices. 27th year. Largest plant. Large new Poultry Guide and Catalog FRISK. R. F. NEUBERT ek.bl SSO.MMUI, Mka 68 BREEDS feHHlPSl JBEAN EXPERT MCCHANIC VULCAKJ17EW MEN from all parts of the country are successfully trained every year by us. Northwest's oldfst, largest, and best equipped Trade School. Send for free information at once. Vinneapolia Auto & Tractor School 226-2nd St. N., Minneapolis, Minn, OTECTION COMFORT SERVICE are the things that connf when it rains nMMM. LOWERS A REFLEX SUCKERS »h \v /oaA foratt A£Jl£X£4G£ J. PAGE TEN Mention the Leader Wften Writing Advertisers TOWER CO. ioiian Man.