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Though the Sfoimgestorganizatiori, the Victo rian Farmers' union is typical of all the state as sociations. It has, within the -space of four years, reached a membership of 18,000, running its own central office, district organizations and a weekly newspaper. Its membership is limited to those di rectly interested in land and land industry. The objects of the Union may be indicated by the fallowing extracts: S To unite the primary producers of Victoria with the object of safeguarding and promoting their individual and collective interests industrial ly, commercially and politically, and to secure for them-the full results of their labor. To g^rd primary producers against the wither ing effects of monopolistic combinations of form by the application of the co-operative prin ciple on safe^etbrtdmlc lines. I To improve marketing facflHIes. so as to enable the producers to sell their produce -direct to the consumers. To oppose all unjust demands made by any individual or union or associa tion 6f individuals upon farming and industries connected therewith. To encourage amicable relations be tween all classes of the community and to promote the adoption of sound principles of economic production and distribution. To provide legal advice and said to members of the union. To secure for .the primary pro-' ducers, through the union, represen tation on all boards, commissions or other bodies, governmental or other wise, that deal with interests and mat ters, affecting primary production and the primary producers. To Maintain affiliation with the Aus tralian Farmers' Federal- organiza tion and to promote 'the objects for which it was created. The state political platform includes the following planks: Reduction in the. cost of government by the amalgamation or reduction of those boards or -commissions where work is being duplicated and by rigid economy in all departments. Maintenance of the living wage and -j^ a fair stapdard of comfort for all To maintain the principle of free hold, tenure of land. Building houses and boring for •water for new settlers, repayment to spread over the whole period of pay ment -for land. Compulsory grading of cream to improve the. standard of butter." GOVERNMENT MUST PAY FOR CONDEMNED STOCK Compensation for stock owners for all stock destroyed by government under the "contagious diseases act." Registration of brands and ear marks. State to eradicate noxious weeds and destroy vermin 'on crown lands. •». i* -j_ ,, •'-'j* It has been a matter for comment and not a little amusement that since the first publication of the farmers' platform, other parties have lifted large slices of it and incorporated same in their own. It is a ruse, of course. "[Those parties have bad so many years in which to give these reforms that, the farmers have ceased to trust them. sx kast one-third of/the members of the new parlia- is on a thoroughly democratic basis/ The individ- every., •Ji In view of the prohibitive price of bags, the conclusion of the war, the surplus of labor, and probably more reasonable prices of materials, the system of bulk-, agement. These firms at the first were actually handling of wheat be installed at the earliest pos^. given a monopoly of the handling, and were paid sible moment. .j-i* tremendous aggregate sums in. commissions and *gi More liberal administration of "the Credit Fon-" charges for the work. In the state of Victoria^ cler system. -j the Victorian Farmers' union waged a successful Nationalization headworks. Representation and water supply commission. ralian Farmers' Co-Operative company, eventually Nonpolitical management and control of railways handled the whole of the wheat produced in that and lowering of rates to encourage farming. state during the last two years. In the other states .^Greater educational facilities and accommoda^ -cwjperative companies have, under the pool tion for country children and teachers. ing system, since their admission, handled 66 per More prominence and effort in primary and seci-* cent and upwards of the *otal wheat output. The system of government of the Farmers' uniott" Australian yearly butter output. Almost in every ual member, through hisbranch, districtcouncil, state conference and federal conference, determines the policy of the movement. He it is who alone finances the movement. He will accept no finan cial assistance from outside in carrying on bis or 'Pities 4*' 1.!- 1 IT CAN'T BE DONE STOP rr 0ROTH ER1 riotp Just like flies, the reactionaries are trying to stop the Nonpartisan league wheel from rolling over the rtwd of progress to the goal of industrial democracy. ondary education to matters affecting rural pro^^fe$The past fewryears have seen an eattraordinary" prices on flour," Mr* McGovern said* "According auction. in MA xt. itij' -i- 1 1 duction growth in co-operation of primary producers. They comprise all branches of the industry, and are represented in every state. The start was made some 15 years ago by the butter producers, who were shocked by revelations of corruption and fraud on the part of private distributing firms and companies. The^ co-operative better companies- of Australia now dispose of" over 60 per cent of the PAGESEVBN, ganizatiof. This preserves^to him his political in- freezing chambers, fruit canning %orks jam fac dependence. r'-v': fiTAnni.Ui _..i _•» ORGANIZED- FARMERS FORCE GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION The political and economic problems incident to' the' war created a vast number of activities for the farmers' organizations. Almost without excep tion the farmers were at the outset excluded from a direct share in the management of the various govegrnment-controlled pools and marketing schemes of Primary products.^e g^yernments^alled in .. „vw the representatives of large private trading firms of £588,000 ($2,940,000) and an annual turnover an9 companies'for advice aiid assistance in man^*.? of £20,950,000 ($104,750,000). ~Drawn expressly for the deader by W. C. Morris, contractors are making arrangements dairying district of Australia there is now a co operative butter factory. Each factory in turn sells through its own co-operative selling company, whose headquarters are in the capital city of the state concerned. Then, there are co-operativd cheese factories, bacon factories, abattoirs and tories, tomato and vegetable pulping worfis and co-• operative livestock selling companies. 'v:MIS Recently, the leading co-operative companies in each state formed the Wholesale Co-Operative Federation of Australia, with the object of concen trating the buying and selling for the whole com-: monwealth co-operative movement. The federation has established direct representation in London as a preliminary to further extension in the eastern countries and probably America. The nine largest co-operative companies now have paid-up capital Again it must be emphasized that flf of Australia's 5,000,000 people half p| live in the capital cities. Of the re- |§i mainder probably one-third live in the fp provincial cities, towns, villages and ffl mining districts the rest being on I| the land and engaged in primary pro duction. No wonder, therefore, that |j§ .the tillers of the soil are trying to lift the load from their backs by business fp and political co-operation. By exchanging newspapers, and the M' production of their own newspaper^ p| they are kept closely in touch with the efforts of their brethren throughout .0. the world. They are intensely inter ested in the. farmers' emancipation movement in the western United States and Canada and send their greetings. New N. D. Elevator Completion of Structure ill Time for 1920 Crop Assured Iggggf1 HE state elevator which is being constructed at Grand Forks will be com-' pleted in' time to storp the fall crop, according to the contractor. The state mill will be. completed several months later. Carpenters, an exca vating crew of 30 teams and other workers are already on the job. The excavating machinery which was ship ped some weeks, ago is held up by congested railroad conditions. When it arrives two shifts will be arranged and the 30,000 yards of -dirt will be moved in short order. Great economies are being effected ,by the purchase of materials through the industrial commission instead of by the contractors. On the cement alone $12,000 was saved, according to J, A. McGovern, manager of the State Mill and Elevator association. The t0 -to hon* employes comfortably and this end are erecting temporary frame buildings where 400 to 500 men.. 1 ^.v.. can be accommodated. The state mill at Drake is running 24 hours a day, according* to Mr.-McGovern. It is receiving more wheat than it can handle and its orders: for flour have been so heavy that at present it is 11 carloads behind the demand. For the farm ers' wheat the mill is paying from $3.26 to $3.40 a paying about 44 cents a bushel more than the local price prevailing at Grand Forks. Mr. McGovexn-also gave some interesting figures on flour prices. "I saw .this, morning a card from the Russell-»* Miller Milling company this city quoting the Auiuvi vvutyoiiy Wilis dbj UUUblUK ^UC at to the card, this concern asks $16.95 per barrel for flour in 98-pound sacks, and $17.15 in 49-pound sacks. The Baldwin mills are selling the former for $16.60 and the latter for $16.80. At the l)rake mill flour in 98-pound sacks is sold for $16.40 per barrel and in 49-pound sack lots for $16^60 per barrel.v.. There is riot any question that we can do bette# yet with the big mill at Grand Forks." ISt The Drake/plillacontinues to make a good profit.