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+7 Mention the Leader When Writing Advertisers Crude Oil and the Automobile IN or. 1913 (when there were 1,009,000 auto mobiles in the United States) oil pro ducers drilled about 25,000 wells. The average paid for crude was 95c per barrel. In 1914 producers had a little discouragement. The price for crude oil fell off to 81c average, and they drilled only 23,000 wells. These wells, however, proved exceptionally prolific and crude prices dropped to an average of 64c a barrel (40c in the Mid-Continent field). As a consequence of the over-production, the bottom dropped out of the gasoline market and low prices prevailed. The low prices of crude made exploration of hew fields unprofitable, and in 1915 only 14,000 wells were drilled. This halt in produc tion enabled demanji to creep up on supply, and caused crude to advance until it reached $1.10 per barrel. Encouraged by the better prices offered, pro ducers put down 24,000 wells in 1916. The unprecedented demand aroused by the war caused petroleum prices to soar, and, notwith standing the activities in the producing field, prices have continued to advance because de mand exceeded Supply. In August, 1920, the number of new oil wells brought in for that month alone was 3,513— the highest oil production mark in the history of the United States. Yet so great was de mand that Mid-Continent crude stood firm at $3.50, and Pennsylvania crude at $6.10 per barrel, the present prevailing prices. The market price for crude is not apt to go off appreciably while demand continues to in crease as during 1920. ...... Since 1913 the number of motor vehicles In the United States has increased to approxi mately 7,459,607, and the forecast for 1921 is 10 million motor vehicles in the United States. The Standard Oil Company (Indiana) is strain ing every fibre and sinew of its highly special ized organization to increase the yield of gasoline from crude petroleum. How well it is succeeding is indicated by the fact that an eminent authority states that the Burton process, originating in the laboratories of the Standard Oil Company (Indiana), has produced 40 million barrels of gasoline from heavy distillates, and has thus saved approxi mately 150 million barrels of crude oil that would otherwise have been necessary to pro* duce an equivalent amount of gasoline. Standard Oil Company (Indiana) 910 S. Michigan Avenue, Chicago, III "IWS. I? •m PAGE FOURTEEN Book Reviews WAB'S WRECKAGE Wounded Souls, by Philip Gibbs, a novel. Published by George H. Doran company. New PYork. HILIP GIBBS, British war cor respondent, won recognition as the best observer of the war with his book, "Now It Can Be Told." With his new book Mr. Gibbs retains land adds to his deserved reputation. While "Wounded Souls" masquerades under the form of a novel it bears un mistakable evidences of being a close chronicle of the lives of actual people, known intimately by the author, with little more than the names changed. "Wounded Souls" covers the period immediately preceding the close of the war, the period between the armistice and the peace negotiations, and the period following the signing of the treaty. Gibbs takes us from France and Belgium into Germany, across the Atlantic to' the United States and back to England. He pictures faithfully what people felt and thought in all these countries during the different stages of the war and the peace mak ing. He shows how the spirit of hate was fanned and kept alive among non combatants long after British and German soldiers had buried, their quarrels. He tells thfe story of the greeting of President Wilson, his 14 points and the league of nations, as the hope of the world—and the disillu sionment that followed. Besides being interesting as the first-hand experiences of a trained ob server "Wounded Souls" is a good story. MORE PROPAGANDA The Sovereign Citizen, authorship anony mous. Published by Periodical Publishers* Service Bureau* Inc., New York. Tactive HIS book is written, it is stated frankly, to urge readers to take membership in either the Republican or Democratic party and "to oppose and combat all radical ism." Organization of "Sound Admin istration clubs" throughout the coun try is urged. The book then proceeds to give an outline of American govern ment, city, state and national, with a brief survey of the growth of the di rect government movement, as ex emplified by direct primaries, the ini tiative, referendum and recall, etc. At least 95 per cent of "The Sover eign Citizen" is sound and unbiased analysis of public affairs. That is why the 5 per cent of "colored" matter, in serted to prejudice the reader against either nonpartisan political action or action by any political organization outside of the sacred Republican and Democratic parties, is more dangerous, just as a half-falsehood is always more difficult to answer than a straightout lie. After reading "The Sovereign Citi zen" critically we wonder which of two reasons influenced the author to sign himself "An American" instead- of us ing his true name—(1) was~ he ashamed to sign his name to such a work, or (2) was his name so widely known that the publishers did not dare to use it? -.xy. AGRICULTURAL Squab Raising. Farmers' Bulletin 684 Production of Late or Main Crop, Potatoes, Farmers' Bulletin 1064 Selection and Care of Poultry Breeding 8tock, Farmers' Bulletin 1116 Better Seed Corn, Farmerat^ Bulletin 1175 all -published by United States department of agriculture, Wash ington, D. C. Obtainable upon request. HE foregoing are all recent de partment of agriculture bulletins worth reading by any farmers *4^ interested in the respective sub jecfa&fHSThe bulletin on squab raising is intended primarily for farmers or farm boys who want to make pigeons ADVERTISEMENTS Mi LAKE LIABLE TheChoic«st,Tastiest Fish YoaEra Ate At Greatly Reduced Prices Every fish frozen solid—direct from the sparkling waters— with their wonderful zest and sea-flavor fully retained. A Real Treat for Your Family These delicious fish are pack ed in strong wooden boxes, 100 pounds gross weight, con tains 85 pounds net weight offish. Par Box Royal Hening, delicious flab v....J 6.00 Mullets, dressed, economical, tasty. 6.40 Haddoo.k. dressed, tempting flavored 8.50 Pickerel, unusually fine 9,00 Pickerel, dressed and headless 11.00 Flounder^ cleaned, ready-to-fiy... 10.35 Red Rockflsh, wholesome, succulent 10.75 s'M Steak Codfish, dressed, headless 10.73 Sableflsh, no heads or inwards 12.00 salmon, finest flavor ..ts 11.00 Genuine Wall Eyed Pike, choice tender. 12.75 Chicken Halibut, wonderful 8 beat 14.50 Genuine Wblteflsb, 14.90 Special Assortment Box,"MPERIAl" Contains 20 pounds Whlteflah: 20 pounds Flounders 20 pounds Mullets: «Q RA 25 pounds Herring 5 Order Direct From This Ad Write for FREE profusely illustrated catalog showing fish in their natural colors. For quick delivery have your orders shipped from our dis tributing joints at Fargo, N. D., and Mason City, Iowa. 3 REMEMBER, you will save both time and money. Add 75 cents more to the above prices when you order shipments from the distributing points nearest you. as we pay the freight ourselves to these points. A. S. Johnson Fish Co. Dept. 4, Duluth, Minn./ Frozen Fish Fresh from Duluth Winter Fishing Headquarters Order the freshest and best of winter caught frozen fish, pack ed In wire-strapped boxes, 100 of fish in each box. Lake Herring—well known good fish 7'Ao Pickerel—Great favorite..lie Large Headless Dressed Pickerel ...I3o Wall-Eyed Pike —White ...Ann meat excellent flavor ISe Whlteflsh—Genuine Northern |6c Tulllbee Whtteflth—SmaU I2o Mullets—Suckers 70 Chleken Halibut—Headless, dressed. Pacific best (So fed Rockflsh—Dressed (Bed Cod or Her) 14c Sableflsh—pressed (Black Cod) ISe Whiting—Atlantic Ocean, best grade lOo Flounders—White, tender, Jul ay, rich flavor... 130 .. SPECIAL Dressed Haddock—From the Atlantic, htehly recommended by the U. S. Government this year and only U. .. RTf* SPECIAL Bright Fat! Pink Salmon—Headless and dress ed. high quality, formerly 17c, this year rata .....15a Order now direct from this ad. We pack as sor talents, but not less than 25 pounds of one kind. Shipment lor express or freight Safe delivery guaranteed to your station. Fair prices, good flsh, and satisfaction guar anteed. Several years* experience Chipping fresh frozen flsh. Address JOHNSON & CARR Dept. M, Glenooe Bids., DULUTH. MINN. TilITF/EISK S1??1 the oldest and most re- laij 1 .GtraK?!*- ifafo]e fish soakers. Prepared from imported COD (Torek). Packed In 00 pojjBtttubs, 9 cents per pound. •Imported No. I Dry Cod, 10 pounds or more. 30 cents per pound. PuHost, 10 pounds for $1.25. Shipment made at once upon receipt of cider with money order NORWAY FISHERIES CO. 4 Prince St, Minneapolis, Minn. FROZEN FISH Tour name and address on a postal,card will brine our price list of filtfjlfi fimnlaiil mill Ca Fish. 11 ir^Hi r-m Bay." ^SSaS"