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J§ tW- •v* -fw 4' vM ir" IN THE INTEREST OF A SQUARE DEAL FOR THE FARMERS Entered. as second-class matter at the postofflce at Minneapolis, Minn., under the act of March 3, 1879. IJiMication address. 427 Sixth avenue S.. Minneapolis. Minn. Address all remittances to The National Leader, Box 2072, Minneapolis, Minn. VOL. 14, NO. 5 & No Agitation for Harding "Remedies" -V The Congressional Record, the newspapers and many other "straws," not to mention the Leader's reports direct from hundreds of farming communi ties, show which way the wind is blowing. The demand is em phatically for price stabilization. All the praise of the administra tion for the result of the farm conference, all the opposition of the Republican machine in con gress, all the prattling of Farm Bureau federation leaders, all the sage advice of agricultural college "experts" and farm agents—all this will not down the demand for price stabiliza tion. It is the only adequate remedy. If congress refuses to act, or if congress does act and the president vetoes the bill, as is threatened, it is not going too far to say that the Republicans will lose their majority in con gress at the coming elections. A FTER a great expenditure of time and money in making in vestigations and .holding hearings in Washington and all JL JL over the country, the joint committee of congress, appointed to study agricultural problems, made its report. So inadequate were its recommendations that, although much publicity was given them, the average farmer probably does not even remember what the committee proposed. Nothing that the com mittee did stuck in the farmer's mind. Following'the report of the joint committee, as if to admit frankly the inadequacy of the com mittee's findings, President Harding and Secre tary of Agriculture ^llace called a national 'farm conference." This_conference met and likewise made recom mendations. Some weeks have passed since the conference adjourn ed. It was given great publicity, and was declared by the president and Mr. Wallace to be the greatest event that ever took place in the history of American agriculture. Yet, does anything the conference recommended stand out as a leading issue and as a remedy fdr the present farmer distress? Is anybody talking about'what it recommended? Are farmers cir culating petitions,, writing letters to congressmen and meeting and passing resolutions to forward the carrying out of the conference's "remedies"? Have the conference's plans become an issue in con gress Does any one seriously claim that the fate of the farmer and a change for the better within a reasonable time depend on congress passing any bills which may have been introduced to carry out the conference's recommendations Read over those questions again. "No" is the answer to all of them. In fact, the average farmer, just as in the case of the report 9f the joint congressional committee, will find difficulty in recalling just what the conference did say was the matter, and just what it did propose to solve the problem. Something ignored by both the congressional committee and the conference is now the big issue. Only one remedy proposed has convinced any considerable number of congressmen or farmers that it is a solution. That proposal is stabilization of farm prices, through the revival of the war grain corporation, or by new ma chinery of some kind. To forward that plan hundreds of rural com munities are bringing pressure on congress—flooding congress men and senators with-petitionp, resolutions and letters. The farmers have forced price stabi lization to the front as" a solu tion. That is the issue not anything the congressional com mittee or the conference' pro posed. $ tow""* V- & Published at Minneapolis, Minn., Every Two Weeks OLIVER S. MORRIS. Editor. MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, MARCH 6, 1922 Comment by the Editor on Current Events r®P**®sentatives Labor for Relief of Farmers ymg FARM BLOC BALANCE OF POWER aBouT-nuT —Drawn expressly for the Leader by W. C. Morris. PAGE THREE A MAGAZINE THAT DARES TO PRINT THE TRUTH One year, $1.50. Classified rates on classified pnge other advertising rates on application. Member Audit Bureau of Circulations. S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, advertising representatives. New York, Chicauc St Louis, Kansas City. There are even possibilities of the'Democrats, or a new party, elect ing a president. The "farmers are aroused and will not be put down. DGAR WALLACE, legislature representative of the American federation of Labor, and Albert Fechner, member of the na —-.<p></p>E' tional executive board of the International Association of ^Machinists, appeared before the senate committee on agriculture ana urged the stabilization of farm prices. Numerous other labor WHOLE NUMBER 29S sent letters and resolutions approving the revival •ot the grain corporation and the fixing of living prices for farmers." The Minneapolis Trades and Labor assembly is one of the many labor organizations which have passed fprmal resolutions asking congress to give relief to farmers. All indorse the Sinclait-Ladd bill. Only a few years ago labor, like many farmers, believed in a narrow class policy. Labor felt that Prices for farmers meant unnecessarily high cost of living ,e pities. Fanners shunned labor as "radical." They believed that labor kept prices of manufactured articles up through demands for unreasonable wages. But now labor comes forward to help farmers get better prices. A long road has been traveled in a few years. Labor un derstands that one reason for the widespread unemployment and its disastrous effect on wages and the solidity of the unions, is due to ua Power away from farmers by starvation prices. When farmers stop buying, factories shut down and there is noth ing to pay labor wages. On the other hand, when labor is unem ployed or working for starvation wages, one of the biggest markets for farm products is destroyed. It has taken a long time to bring these ideas home to the two classes of producers. But they see the point now, much to the menace of certain interests that have attempted to foster the oppo site view on both sides. UST now organized labor is waging a hard battle for existence. Capital has taken advantage of unemployment and competi tion tor jobs to smash the unions and lower working standards and wages. One of the chief weapons of employers in this fight is the courts. The labor injunction has been revived and made more effective than ever, after many states and even congress had passed laws that it was felt would protect 1 a or against this procedure. Farmers and the Labor Injunction Many state and a courts have is sued injunctions in recent indus trial disputes which have had •the effect of defeating the labor cause. Even the supreme court of the United States has made a decision upholding an injunction that restricts the right of labor to peaceful picketing and argu ment during disputes with em ployers. Mr. Gompers declared that the Clayton act, which forbade injunctions against labor in cer tain cases for "restraining trade," was the greatest "bill of rights" labor ever was granted. Likewise labor leaders hailed state laws which prohibited labor injunctions as great ad vances in the cause of unionism. But these laws now seem to count for naught. The courts are making the labor injunction' more potent than ever. But what is the farmers' in terest in labor injunctions? It is an interest just as great as labor s. The Clayton act was in- A ..