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The National leader. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1921-1923, March 20, 1922, Image 10

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Information About
Bills in Congress
Mrs. Wood Again
Objects to Any More Taxes—Still Against
Maternity Law
DITOR National Leader: Miss Gray
says concerning the Sheppard-Towner
maternity bill which is now a law:
"Why tax Mrs. Wood a tiny little bit
HARDING ALSO GETS TAX
MONEY—FOR "ENTERTAINING"
I will say that every time
a taxpayer objects to a bill for appro­
priations, we-are constantly told, "this is only cost
ing you a few cents" or "this adds very little to
your taxes," "this will be no burden o,n you," etc.
For instance, I saw where congress had passed a.
resolution giving the widow of ex-president Roose
velt an allowance of $5,000 a year. I wrote to Sena
tor Jones of our'state asking him why, in the name
of justice and humanity, congress had given this
princely sum to a woman whose husband left her
an estate of over half a million dollars, while there
were thousands of widows and orphans in our coun
try who did not know where their next meal was
waning from. He replied as follows:
"I confess to you that I do not see very much
justification for this, but after all it isn't very
much, and this amount can not add very much to
the burdens of our people. It may not be the right
thing to do, but it has been the custom out of
courtesy, etc."
What person who reads this would consider a
gift of $5,000 a year a "little thing?" Think what
$5,000 for one year would mean to about nine
tenths of the farmers who are taxed to pay this al
lowance to Mrs. Roosevelt.
I also saw a picture of a fine old mansion located
at Roslyn, L. I., and underneath was the statement
that congress- had made an allowance of $6,000 a
year to General Pershing to pay for the lease of
this house. He was allowed $1,200 for fuel and
$1,500 for lights, and it was stated that with his
salary of $12,000 as a general in the army ($20,700
in all) he could live "very comfortably."
In-the same paper, the Lincoln (Neb.) State
Journal, I saw that two young men, ex-soldiers,
were stopped on the street when walking along and
taken to police headquarters 'and locked up, al
though they vigorously denied that they were
vagrants and would be glad to work if they could
find work to do. I did some of the hardest think
ing I ever did in my life. General Pershing with an
income of over. $20,000, and these two youths who
did the real work in the war jailed because they
were without money or work! I also wrote to
Senator Jones concerning Pershing's allowance, and
he replied by saying he had heard of no allowance
of the sort, and I then told him it was no wonder
the people's backs were broken whenever our con
gressmen did not know these allowances were be
ing made.
tpn't it about time that General Dawes would get
his pruning knife out and prune out his friend
Pershing's allowance, and probably thousands of
others that we know nothing of?
This morning's daily paper tells one that the
small allowance of $25,000 extra has been given to
President Harding for entertainment purposes at
the White House. So the taxes mount.,
If the deserving widows were getting the $5,000
Mrs. Roosevelt is drawing, if the ex-soldiers who
need it were getting the $8,700 which Pershing is
getting, and if the mothers and babies would get
directly the money under the Sheppard-Towner law
in better living conditions, I would willingly pay my
share, but I reiterate, we are simply being ridden
to death with "advisers,0 bureaus, commissions,
agents, nurses, etc., and it is time to call, a halt.
These people care little for us—only to get the fat
salaries.
I have written over my real name. Will not
"Miss Gray" please tell us her true name and post
office address? Does she pay taxes, and if so, is
she wading through a foot of snow to the barn be
fore dawn to milk cows, slop hogs, feed poultry,
etc., to earn the money to pay them I am in
the open in this argument and Miss Gray should:
come from under her cover and let us know who:
she is. She asks: "Where are pur women's
hearts?" I will say mine is where it has always!
been, in sympathy with every human being that
ta&l* ^'J'^
THE FARM WOMAN'S PAGE
needs any help, but I object to being .taxed any
longer to buy automobiles and pay fat salaries to
the hordes of "advisers" who are growing more
numerous every day.
Bossburg, Wash. MRS. A. E. WOOD.
EDITOR'S NOTE: "Miss Gray," as explained when the first
articles thus signed began to appear on the woman's page
about two years ago, is'the pen name of a Minneapolis writer
who writes for various magazines and now makes a rather
modest living that way. The editor vouches for Miss Gray's
good faith,, and ability to discuss political and economic ques
tions from a progressive point of view. The article answering
Mrs. Wood's first letter, was requested of Miss Gray by the
editor, so that the other side of the Sheppard-Towner law
could appear side by side with Mrs. Wood's attack. Miss -Gray
is at the Leader office as this is written, and says:
"I agree with everything. Mrs. Wood has written in her-re
ply, except what shfe says against the Sheppard-Towner law in
the next to the laBt paragraph, which is the only place where
she mentions the'law, and what she says in the last para
graph, which seems to be intended as a Joeflertion on me per
sonally, instead of on what I wrote. But let it go. Of course,
we could save taxes by cutting out the public schools, county
rpad_ work and county Sheriff, but the people demand such
services and it would not be' true economy to abandon them.
"True economy in government consists first in the people
deciding what kinds of public service they want from their
city, county, state and national governments, and how much
°f it they want, and second in getting $1 worth of service for
every $1 spent. Soine communities demand more and better
servicefrom government, local and state, than other communi
ties. Those communities which want more and better govern
mental service must pay for it. A- vast majority, of the women
of the nation, and I think of the men too, demanded better
government service in protecting mothers and babies. Hence
the Sheppard-Towner law was passed and Mrs. Wood must pay
her few. cents along with all of us. I believe this is an addi
tional governmental service that taxpayers can well afford,
tnat establishing it is a humane and civilized act, and that
we will get SI of value in'needed service for every. $1 spent.
Mrs. Wood doesn't That's all there is to it."
FROM A FRIEND
Editor National Leader: "I have been a.
reader of your paper for several years and
am very much interested in the stand you
have taken in behalf of the farmers. My
husband has been a farmer for many years.
We have neglected renewing our subscription
and I think it is overdue. But I am going to
take advantage of thfc opportunity of getting
Mr. Townley's picture/ as we are both ad
mirers of Mr. Townley, and renew now. W©
hope he is free now, as we think him a good
man and that he has been punished for things
we all thought but dared not speak. It is the
noble and true that have to be persecuted in'
this world. Success to the Leader.
Boulder, Col.. MRS. J. P. EDWARDS.
Bible in the Schools
Editor National Leader Do the public school chil
dren love our flag or do they worship it? Are ye
making our great statesmen of the past heroefs,
brave men, righteous and just, or do we make the
creature greater than the creator
At a parent-teachers' association meeting held in
our schoolhouse someone suggested teaching the
children the United JStates Constitution and-to sa-'..
lute the flag, then stand with "right hand still raised
to heaven and repeat the Lord's prayer reverently.
We also discussed the advisability of opening the
school with a chapter from the Bible, without com
ment.
Some of us thought the farmers might use this
ceremony. They could demonstrate in town with a
parade through the main streets, bearing banners
in honor of Mr. Townley, the farmers' beloved
friend and emancipator of the common people. The
federation of labor might join us when -we reached
the suburbs. Then stop at the schoolhouse and,
after singing America, salute the flag and repeat
the Lord's prayer reverently, then march home
silently. The teachers participating of course/ This
would be very effective, if we all celebrated the
same day, say Washington's birthday, or Labor day.
But it would not do to discuss the Bible in school,
until we are all one in deed and in truth, both
church and state. MRS. A-. SHORTEN.
Emmet^, Idaho.
THE "PAGE" VICTORIOUS
The tubman's page has triumphantly stood tfce
shock of reader criticism. It stays as a regular
Leader feature because we have had a practically
unanimous demand that .it be kept, as a Tesult of
th(T question we asked in a recent issue. We cafi't
print all the letters we received on the subject,
but may find space for, some more of the good
ones later.
A E
Vfi&Z
$
ifi
Letters and Articles
by and for Women
"Yes, Do"—"No, Don't
Readers Differ About Opening "Page" to
Discussion of Birth Control
HE, subject of birth control is causing
a hot controversy among women all
over the country. The woman's page
editor asked readers in the February
20 issue whether we should open "the
page" to a discussion of -BOTH SIDES
of the subject. The Leader did not expect to take
any stand in the matter, but, if readers thought it
advisable, we said we might let advocates and oppo
nents of birth control have their say, merely on
account of the general interest in the subject.
We have received a large number of letters, not
only as to the propriety and advisability of our
carrying on the debate in the Leader, but for and
against birth control. Some of the letters follow.
We said we would use initials only, but letters re
ceived without the FULL AND TRUE NAME
AND ADDRESS of the writer we are not printing:
FOB DEBATE
By all means you should conduct the birth control debate
you suggest. I belong, to a church which opposes birth con
trol. There is no greater sin than birth control, in my. opin
ion. I know that thousands of patriotic American mothers who
are willingly bearing their share of children, and even mora
than their share, will be anxious to write you for publication.
expressing their abhorrence of this practice which has reached
such a dangerous stag* among rich and well-to-do people. A
stop should be put to it, and I know of no better way than
to conduct a public debate on the subject, to show up tie im
moral conditions existing and give the truth about Clod's word
and nitture's laws, so that others will not fall into the same
trap. We farm and working women are doing our share will
ingly, and the rich and so-called. "educated and cultured
classes" arp shirkers. If you have the debate I for one will
furnish you with some statistics showing how birth control ai
ready threatens our country, and how it will corrupt oar
farm and working people unless something is done to offset
the propaganda!.—MBS. O. I. K., Fargo, N. D.
AGAINST DEBATE
I wish to suggest that it would not be good policy to )»Ih»
up for general discussion the matter of birth control. This to
a highly infiamatory subject. At least one of the great
Christian churches of this country is violently opposed, to the
practice of birth control and it is a question which must be
settled by individuals in the final analysis, and a discussion
of the question would, no doubt, subject the, Leader to much
criticism, and may cause your motive tb be„miaunderstood and
misconstrued to your detriment, and possibly without doing
any one any "good.—J. C., Bismarck, N. D.
FOB BIBTH CONTROL
The question, I take it, is whether we shall continue to keep
on our statute books laws which prohibit the publication, giv
ing or circulation of advice on methods of controlling the size
of families. Even a doctor can not advisie a woman patient
on this subject without violating the law. Our family is inten
tionally limited to three children, which .is all We can afford
to feed, clothe and educate. A neighbor of mine, wife of a
day laborer, has" six children and will soon be the mother of
another. Meanwhile she is taking in washing, as'her-husband
doesn't earn enough to. keep the children at school. I would
commit a crime under present laws if She asked me and I ad
vised her how to control the size of her family. Is it right to
have such laws The wealthy and educated will get the In
formation anyway, and use it. Only the poor and overburdened
suffer under such laws:—H. B„ Lincoln, Neb.
CALLS IT IMMOBAL
The whole birth control propaganda is immoral and disgust
ing and I feel strongly that our good Leader would be further
ing it by printing letters. You would dignify a disgusting
subject. There is a way of regulating the size of families 'con
sistent with the lawB of God and man, and that way is by
continence. There.is no. law against preaching that, and it to
good advice in mtilt cases.—M. A. A., Yakima, Wash.
NO OBJECTION
There is no logical objection, of course, to your opening your
columns to discuss, pro and con, thiB very live Subject. But
there are plenty of illogical objections, and I imagine yon
will be flooded with them. Naturally enough, many opponents
of birth control don't want to answer unanswerable argu
ments, and will object to your even mentioning the subject.—^
MBS. P., St. Paid, Minn.
BAD IDEA
I would request you not to allow any controversy' on tha
subject of birth control in the columns of your valuable papeb
Such a matter might become very detrimental to the same. I
would seriously so request.—P. S., Bloemer, Wis.
WANTS BOTH SIDES -.
In regard -to birth' control, I am in favor of it. I- believe it
the children had more care taken of them, through fewer large
families, the death rate would be less. I have four children to
care for and three'out of four are sickly, although I take good
care of them. One has a blood tumor on the top of her head,
one had an operation for appendicitis and the other has
stomach trouble. Hie boy is the only healthy one. I believe a
another" who has four children has enough work-to.care for
them. I think that your woman's page is fine, although I have
never written to it before. However, I read the page ever*
fc/ue- I would lOce to have both sides of birth "control heard.—
M. F. M. H., Cadott, Wis.
FBOM AN "ANTI"
As. I believe in. free speech I can't object to the woman's
page printing both sides of the "birth control fight. But I am
against repealing the good laws that prevent using the mrii.
and circulating methods of birth control. Big families
hardships sometimes, but it is better for a few to "suffer +limn
that our civilization should be undermined: That's what would
happen if we made it easy to circulate a propaganda for „,1
smaller families. God knows enough people Bre sinning nit
preventing births. Why encourage more sin? I hope, if too ViP
have the views of both sides, printed in the Leader, that good i:
religious people will write letters for you to print showing up
birth control.—H. P. B., Mont.
99
1
f(
"DONT DO IT"
I haven't any ideas on birth control and am tteitfcer for
or against it. But lots of people don't like the subject.
"7

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