Newspaper Page Text
We want the
Ico-operation our Farmer. Friends Poultry Farming BROODING CHICKS. Should Be Teken That They Be Lpt w«rm «nd Free From Drafts. Lihiiis t|l(' «-'iR-ks Is the least of »,u]tr,vniuii worries. Fur more ,runt than the' hatching is the L.I ig, offers al1 kitKls of op- i jlje„ f«,r loss if not handled Lrlv. writes a corres|oridcnt of tin* ,nd Fireside. Do I* vor.v care ail )iit draft" or sudden chaugea in ..•attire in lie room where tlie ,rs me kept. The chicks. es|s ,luring tiie first few wwks, are rtictilarly susceptible to Irregular! ||,js kind. That does not mean -:1(.re should not lie plenty of fresh fiii |he r.«m. tint if it is the leant bit wns should Iwi placed by the Kit,«« mt that I lie iiir (Vies not strike lilitrkj dire. fly. brooders themselves should be st #11 tiiiH'H warm enough for the WdPgUJ'J-!11 -J'ltf'D11 BUD fool' I 'Hl AT OOVKKN MI-'.NT mills TIIV AKU, l.iKMI Ijj:, Ml. to lie thoroughly comfortable IVit crowdiiii which in often fatal I lli'iii. Kianigh brooders should he .led so tlmt each «'hick will have u! room without lading forced i llie brooder at night. V[jnihpctiii-ks tirst come out of the fuliilur they have in their IssHea nil *t!jwl |he yolk of the egg, wbiclj iliw ilii iii fur at least thirty si\ »r, Hrtihut no food is necessary at The wHler ami fine grit are es ii.al to start ilie digestive organs to iii.'ir [irn|ier functions. We fed dried wrrwnlis ami tinel.v chopped hard |iW t'ugN as tirst feed, feeding this thrre hours for the tirst three i we gradually substituted rolled wound in a meat grimier and mis |tlil»it 8r*t with breadcrumbs, a* iwd to he taughl to relish this ^tbeend of the first week we had i'h the grain food, which we mis .ili|'s»|i e», lull bought ill the,, #f i'i.iii iiei. i»i hick feed. We I tills every ihree hours for the firm 'Md thru e\ ery four hours at the •f one halt pint for a hundred FH »hir|| jd «!, ,( Jl„.V ,.H|, o o o o o o o o o o o o 0 o o o o fHt FRUIT GROWER. &S<xx] liine to prune fruit trees 's early in Maix h. nwit'11' IUe nl 'l'' e "'»es seem to 0 '"""liilig-you dt, Bot rea) tint aw if berries. tJIhi"'11" tt"tl Kj.. Jo U"t al'l,iieuiii.iiis of lime. "'d* 111 the heaiiiii wmxl 'uuiuf^'T'"" Hro a,,om ,h 4, f'"' "tfoiip vine. A wt-ak'' S elU for vl11 Sixty lnidx I'Uiichesi of ,. JTi'-nMl, sbouU g:v l.» dr^i,W'"""u* is •ud fa., 4""e" white lea«l f,,, ^ls''ed o ^rthi.k. oil and have It •'I OU'VL'"!"'OF SN"W OR U'E ^ruiii,,,.' 7 U,,T- Pushes and off M,a.' ,f u,UUlll ai knock UVmv» .°V' hu wilb I® o 0 0 FEED FOR YOUNG PIGS. Grain Mixture That Hat Givan Good Results In Experiments. Before weanliiK y»una |.itfs It ig well to accustom tliem t,, A (raiu mixture or a slop of sweet Uiiik comUined with grain. The PennsyIvunhi State college agricultural ex|ieriment sititlon has ob tained excellent results wilh a grain mixture of cornineal. four parts wlieat middlings, ihree pans, and mnkage, one part. The addition of skitnmilk In creases the rate of gain. If »kiinniilk Is led with this grain mixture (lie amount of cornDieal may tie increased to six parts. Other mixtures recom mended are corn meal, elirht parts, and tankage, one part, or skimuiilk, three parts, and corn meal, one part. If |«*ssible pasture crop* ,-IumiId lie used lor srrowing pigs, i'.ir quick growth of pigs two to four pounds of jrrain per hundred pounds live weight, daily in addition to pasture croj i fjuired. The aiuouut or grain fed should lie governed largely by the appetite of the I'igs. They should be fe.i uil they will consume without waste twice daily BUILDING A HOTBED. Valuable Aid to Getting An Early Start With Vegetables. "As an adjunct to the growing t! vegetable* the hotbed is almost inva liable," says Professor M. F. Aheari. Kansas Agriciiitural ccdlege. "it el aides the gardener to grow crops tliiii re«iuire a lnug season to mature, sin as tomatoes, celery, peppers and ea^ plants. The hot lied also may be iim'-i to advantage in startiug eui'ly cab bilge, onion, cueuinlter and niusknieicr. plants. ilotbeda uiay lie construc-ted in u uumlier of ways. Une of the tnosi omuiou and serviceable is Hie pit netliod. The hotlied should be placed mi the south side of a building or oth or good windbreak. Care should be takeu that it has good drainage. Three !eet by six feet is a chi\enient size for a sash and as many of tliem are used as desired. The frame should lie twelve to fifteen inches high at the back and oiirht to ten inches in front. 'Hie sash may be glass or muslin. "The heat for hotbeds i* commonly supplied by the feruieutaiion of horse manure. That l'rom highly fed horses is desirable. Straw to the amount of from one-third to one half of the mix ture should lie added, as the niauure will not heat if it is too solid, it should le piled iu a long, narrow, square topped pile aud if very dry diould lie moistened. "if the weather is cold aud the ma uiire does not ferment readily add a little hen immure or warm water to •lie part of the pile, lu order to in sure uniform fermentation the pile •diould be turned occasionally and all 'urnps broken. When the pile is steatu ng throughout, which is usually in rom ten to twehe days, it is ready or use. "Mis: a pit two to three feet deep, de •ending on the time of year the bed s to be used, and the same size as the •ed desired. I'or common u^e. such is growing early toiuabH's, radishes ind lettuce, early lu Mar li l« the tinn 0 start the hotbed. IJotbeds prepared U'ter the first week In March shoiihl lave an eighteen inch pit. "Tpon the bottom of the pit place a ayer of straw or leaves two or three inches deep. Nest place a layer or 1 he fermented manure eight-en or twenty inches thick. Above this put i layer of loam soil four to eight inchc deep In which the plants are to be irrowii." a (luilnnil ftii minute*. In between flw'.v had In-fore ihem n hopiier ptaiititij: a mls|me of one part of siltoij l.ccf senilis, me pan o dwii U)|i UI S J, „f |i llti v I'«l bmn. vv ill, II,mldii ion of one I" «f «'rinncat in the second Week "liiiilinj! sifi tlic hi iin. the tirst We f(1(1 Dressing For Graas Lends. Manure as a top dressing for gras lands may be applied whetiever eondi tions in the field will ]*rmit. but tin Pennsylvania State coileire expetlmei.! station recommends tlmt the apjlica lion be made iu the fall or winter rather than tn the spring. ll(ln •H* or mnii|,s ground in the •""der. |,j M|lo,n I 1 on«-e day and gradually giving it 'I*"1 "f'enci in the second wvek '•'W hudihibher tie ore tliem when it. Slit! this- |hey relished ,"ji, ',f '""t'se, we kept char, oat Wl 'a*.ore tliem Coiislunti.V. Starting With Sheep- i Atl Important feature iu shirting the sheep business is to quickly work into a flock of around a hundred ewes or. as is recommended by the L'uiversity of Illinois, a ewe for each two acres of the farm. The small Bock which lia heretofore been recommended lor Ms iug weeds and waste feed and inciden tally as a small source of profit is the Bock that often is diseased Bui be cause of its insignificance in the farm business is certain to be ueglectcd. o 6 0 o o o o o o o o o o o O o o o o o s,,|u e ^rd sliarpg now laiui ,- Worms In Swine. I'or stomach worms in swine a goo-) reiaedy is one to two leaspoonruU i turpeniine (vary according to sizei we mixed with two to lour ounces of cas tor or olive oil. relocated for hree day and in two weeks repeat the entile treatment. For kidney worms the' f» low lug medicated w»lt works well: fou. parts of charcoal and three parts eav of salt, sulphur. Glauber's salt and sa^ sod a. These should be well mixed and placed where they «an get it at wilt Where hogs are infested with any par aslte seriously It is not advisable to as low theiu to run in the same lots yeai after year: in fact, the run sliou.d I* changed each year. Another 0 Ooofl.. MANURE WHEAT 1 infection is tiie drinking water a iwle. e 0 'lieir breabiiig ilowu. should not be allowed to drink sta^ nant water nor water that is I"* 'M 0 by surface drainage, e-uie dally u bjr surrace uramagc. rroIU AGRICULTURAL SECTION THE LEMMON HERALD Live Stock And Dairy GREAT BUTTER PRODUCER. Oregon Jersey Establishes Record For Breed West of the .Mississippi. llairy cows, and particularly Jerseys, have taken ilicir place Usidc Oregon apples fM the nice for supremacy in that stale. Coldic's Nehaleui Itenuty had Just liecotue champion three-year old of the Jersey breed when St. Ma we* Poppy, owned by Kd Cary of Carlton, Ore., finished a year's authenticated test, lu which she made lft,7v'J. iwunds milk and 0-"^' pounds butter fat, which Hould make l.l^o..'* pounds of N"» per cent butter. This record Is thosixih be-t word ever made by a Jersey and estate lishes the best record of the breed ever made west or the Mississippi river. SI, Mawes Poppy was going so strong through the tirst seven months of her test that It began to look as though she would exceed the record made by ST. MAWIS I'OI'PY. Sophie XIX, of Hood Farm. In the eighth and tenth month she fell off iu milk flow, however, tiie tirst time from an attai k of milk fever and on thi ol her occasion from a severe bloat caused by a heavy feed of green corn. At the time she met her tirst misfor tune she was milking well over forty pounds a day, and in xylite of I he sec ond trouble she liuished her test by milking twvitty-seveii pounds. St. Mawes Puppy has made three yearly records of over SMHl pounds of butter, including me of over l.ltm pounds, as shown by the fo table: Age. Milk. I- it. Bult. i s i Vis. .M s Puunds i oamis i -1 'J.'.-I :J «KI.» o I2.K .7 ij, se4 Si. Mawes Poppy started this latest test, with her seventh calf, at nine years two mouths of age. She is daughter of the great St. Mawe-. of eighteen other register of merit St. Mawes is now famous as a s. heavy producers, hut his great was not ascertained until aftc death fit the hands of the bulcln- Dairy Cow EfNciMicy. With a good dairy cow the ow charges are less in proportion ID the work done than with a fHK»r one. say C. 11. Kckles. dairy husbandly depart ment. University of Missouri. Willi a cow producing I3J pounds u' ftft a year more than half she consume Is u^ed to maintain the body. The cow that makes 450 pounds of fat a yvm uses the same amount of feed to main tain her body, but it is only about per cent of her total feed consumption The remaining Go per cent Is used di rectly for milk making: limi e a mii' li larger proportion of her total rali"ii i available f«'i ndlk production, and tin feed cost of u j»oUud of fat or of m•'J is tower. PLAN I N WINTER In order to aid the «ro»tl '.be crop and thus s«\e 1 spiiug fertilizers aud to pre*' .if manure thro :f ii i 'he Ohio station re ne- d- winter ttiauurini: wheat. For twciity-tlirc at the station eight ton ii ire applied directly s ..cfore seeding have prism. c(. aniiitul Increase of lU.t I u in this i rop alone. A n-a-- propoi'tiiili of this inct'c t' expe- ted even when mire s applied during .• .- ier. while sulise |Ucnt s!tow like increases. Experiments at Woo-u hat a ton of uiauure -i iiH-tiy from the stalm lield Is worth To cents mo a ton left iu an open u.,.. for tJiree winter mon! hs tlicu applied Other cX]-er.:,. Uave shown that a ton of manure treated w it!. ,rt-v :Mi::nds of acid pho--: "d spread immediately i- ,rr THE SILO EARLY. Structure Should Be AH Ready te fill When Corn Is Ripe, Morp siloj are built In the latter part of August aiul tho tirst part of Sep teu. iei- than at any other tluie of the »ites Fisher In the Farm and Fireside Tiie desire to see how the i-orii crop will turn out Is largely rcsi.usthle for the very short time that elapses between the time silos are built and the time tbey are filled. But a serious risk Is involved In -building too late In the season. Silos built concrete or tile should always stand empty at least two weeks be fore tilling the first time Tile .silos are guaranti'cd only when this time elapses til order to allow the mortar Joinis to thoroughly burden. Ilc-dde silo masons are so busy in the fall that many farmers are obliged to wait their turn, and by the time the silo Is fliwlly tilled the corn has lost its suc cu!i*h properties. "The lest time for erecting such a silo." sh.vs one expert, "is Just after corn planting, though It Is a g'«»d plan to yet the material on the ground in the early sprint while sledding is irood and when the farmer can haul the toa teriul mi hard roads and at a tiim when he has most leisur-." Necessary to Avoid Mak ing Undesirable Compounds. Hon,.- mixed fertilizers will prove .lust as e(Urielit in every way as factory mixed goods of equivalent compos'I ioli, provided some simple precautions are used against undesirable mixtures. The Pennsylvania State coiiegc sduio, of agriculture and experiment station cautions against the use of dim in home mixing. If it is desired to neutralise soil acidity the lime should tie applied sefiaruteiy and not mixed .i ., the fertiliwr. Such a mixture not add value to the lime or fi-r'ti i and In most cases the mixing would lie detrimental. Wood ashes, since they contain lime, should be applied alone aud not mixed with the various fertilizing materials. ertaln commercial materials, as basic -dutr. cvanauiide and calcium nitiate. ivhlch contain an excess of lime, should m- avoided in home mixing. The ob servance of these precautions will obvi :.ic the danger of lumping, the loss of plant food through volatilization or the changing of available into unavailable plant food through chemical action Stable manure or other fresh organic matter should not lie considered in the home mixing of fertilizers. Manure lu itself is a complete fertilizer, but a poorly balanced one. It should In re enforced with acid phosphate, rock phosphate or boiiciueal This is the only mixing of manure and fertilizer •h it should l»e considered. Clover Paye In Rotation. Have you planned to seed more land lover this spring? The crop pays by making the land moi* fertile. Iiesides wcldhm a good hay crop. For seven teen years at the Ohio experiment sta lion corn on unfertilized laud yie ded li.L' bushels more to the acre in a three tear rotation of corn, wheat and di ver [han in a live year rotation of rn. eats, wheat, clov#r and timothy. On manured laud in the three year rota ii .n during this time corn yielded S.-l bushels more to the aare than In the year rotation, even though more manure was applied iu the latter rota tion. Tiie experiment station credits this increased yield of com largely to iie clover crop because It comes once j. three instead of once lu five yuiiM. A Good Milk Goat. The popularity of milk goats ii. tiie west has led the California experln ent .tatioo to conduct an official test of :helr milk producing rapacities. A two vear-old pure Toggenburg produced in one year U.l.Vs |iouiids of milk and ~2.b rounds of butter far. This is ufeoat one -ixtli the p'-oductlon of a tirt class cow and is more than twice as much us an ordinary milk goat gi'e*. The cost, of feed per |suud of mill, was filiout nitie-N»iitha that of dairy cows tha ntation herd. Time of Seeding Oats. After ten years' investigatona to oinpare diffei ent dates for seeding "Hts, running from March to May fe. :he Ohio exia-riuient station has found ':ar greatest yields have trenerally been -iitaiiied from early seedin .'. in Wayno .-otiuty seeding-^ made in March hare frequently outy ielded those In late \pril or May by fifteen to twenty busb -is per acre, in central Ohio In niost seasons oats may be sown by March 13 and in the southern part of U)e state "f y I ear'v more than a t"H of untreated tuauore le In an op"n $ burityaid from .fauna~y to April week earlier. Making the Farm Pay POISON FOR CRAWFISH. Peeta Render Cultivation of Cotton Im possible In Some Sections. IHretMO-. .1 Cr.lt«sJ Klulif -»ttn .-nt of •artculture 111* irnwt prnctlcnl way of den llni with erawflsh, iMsiMtllng to aiiectalists iu the Fiiltcd States ileiiartment of Hgrleulture, Is to-kill them by pulling two or Ihree drops of ctH'bon bisuliihki into tin- burrows. For this purjsse u fr Mono'it'hle concrete silos may lie built at iii,\ season of the year, but the liest lime Is spring or summer, so they will have ample time to harden. Metal silos may be built at any time of year. Stave silos are liest put up in the full, as Hie hot weather of sum uier causes the wood to shrink when the silo is empty lint in all cases de cide on the size of silo and make tin concrete foundation for it early in tho season, so there will be no delay o» that accoimt MIXING FERTILIZERS. P.'ec^-t.ons SAWFISH AHOUT llil,r N ATraAL NI/.C. quart oil can, with diameter noezh1 re duitMl in slue, proves (|iiitc salisf.iciory After the |iojsoii has Imh'H put lu the burrow the ojiening sliould be cbtsed iiiimeiliately with pressure of the beel. With a little practice a man i-an cover a considerable area lu this way each day The cost of the pisson is about a Wit for every seventy five holes treat ed, or from fl to fl.Wl |»er acre If the work has Im-iii thoroughly dnie the cost of treatment the following year will not exceed IS cents |ier acre. At the prcM'Ut. lime a Wide slrelcb of country, estimated at not less than a thousand square miles, is so oveirun wilh crawfish that to a considerable client the successful production of .-of ton and corn ts rendered Impossible, Large lields of young cotton litHe 0TTO\ H.ANT I.N n Im-cii destroyed In a single ulght. Corn also suffers greatly, but It is not so ex en sively eaten as cotton The day lands of Mississippi aud Alabuina are espe cially subject to thes€* fs-sts. and In eer tuln areas it is almost ImjsissSble to raise cotton or corn with profit. In bl» k WtAUt MOST MAULi: TO ATTACK B* CBAWH.-H region the crawfish inhabit heavy nn l» soils from four to Brtcen fc»t n, iepth well saturated with water .n.d •terijiug a sandstone formation 1 luring rainy weather or in the e'en ing after a shower the crawfish leave their hole* and come to the surfa' to gather their food, which fur the most I art is consumed underground. At (his time tbey may be easily killed with ciubs or caught in lar«e numbers The Imdies should l»e collected, for when boiled, mixed with meal and al lowed to dry they are valuable as an i gg producing food for jioultry In this resqasct indeed their value is so great (hiit It is said that the preparation of the product might be a profitable -om werclai undertaking if it were not that thj) supply of crawftsfc. Ig ao dependent Id Devoted to C.Country (Corres pondents and Farm News upon weather conditions At Hnwit however, the uiiinlit-r Is enormout On badly In rested areas from N.otm to |2, *m lairrows ht»\e l«een found to an acre On one plsniailon In 51 wslsnlppl twenty seven barrel* or crawfish were picked up In a season and the following car thirteen barrels more Fudcr such condition* (he replanting of ixiiton fields Is almost certshi to lie. vouie a necessity Kven then. If re planting Is f«diow«s| by showery weatll cr there U much likelihood that the fcei oitd crop will Is* destroy ed lu dry Weather, however, (he plants may de velop rapidly enough be out of dan ger when wet weather sets In again. ROUGHAGE FOR HORSES. F»«ding of Data snd Pes He/ Permits Reduction of Grain Ration. H'hlie outs aud pea hay are well kmow n as roughage for cattle, pat th uiarly in dairying, ss roughage for horses is'l haps It Is not ao oitiiuM l.v umiI, says I L. u*tn of the \w Jersey college farm. Timothy hay has fceiii held as the Ideal hay for the liora»-, and other hays. cai»s tally those iVh in proiein. are looked upon sonic w am unfavorably As iom hego for horsee o.iis aud pea hay an- worthy of a more cxteudfsl u-n. on a. onnt ©f their great feeding i slue The |*tas add protein to the i.iiiou and more nearly balance It. so that with proper Ju&g uient a dis-id ieduction may iM'tiiida in the amount of (jritin fed and ttje ant mat kept at less cost. I have inter* I welve bead of horaea on oats and pea hay, feeding them situ e early fall, and have never win tered horses more economically nor even had them looking iieiter TIM# grain ration has Ix-en corn and eats, mixed so I hat the corn was alsiut two thirds by bulk Where some of the horses have had only Haiti, lent work for good ncrdse, nearly all the grain was taken away, only three or four quarts Isdug fed a day 'J lie boraea have a glossy, healthy Bp|te«riince and are lu fine shape for the heavy spring work that will soon Isgln. With the exception of a slight case of colic, due to an overfeed of grain, there haa not, been a case of islckncaa among tlx twelve head of horses eating the onis and pea hay. 'hie Item or value In (lie mowing ot cats and |sa hay should Is- taken into account. It Is the yield an a- rc Often a held Is continued In timothy when the stand Is poor and a light yield cer» tain, iu order that sullf' lent hay niay be secured to feed horse- for I he fol lowing winter If plowed and ttowed to oats and peas a mu li higher yield Could be secured Another Item tn fa vor of raising list oats and peas Is Ike opportunity to keep up the fertility of the soil, whereas with timothy tin- op posite is quite often tin* case (lata and peas are cut for bay w hen the oats are In the milk stage. An opportunity is thus given to sow the ground to cow pi as, soy bean* or other nltr-gni gath ling ptalils, which, plowed under |oi Kl-ecii manure, add greatly lo I tie soli fertility. 'owjsas and soy I sou is ma also be cut and fe i green or can la- put in tiie silo with the com or ule into hay if the season will allow Be Prepared. Hatching the early chicks wbeo one la not prepared to care for them will cure the chicken fever every time. Manure 8houtd Be Conserved. Much dire should Is- exercised IS handling manures lu order to secitfte 'lie greatcM returns from their un. few suggestions are offered by the Pennsylvania State college experiment station for the pro|ier conservation of manure. First, save all the liquid iaa I uiire. s»s-oud, prevent leaching and fer* I mentuti(Mi: third, If possible haul ina ^'ir»? on the land as rapidiv as It is made fourth, buy nitrogen in concen trated feeds rather than lu commercial fertilizer*, liflii. rc-eyforcc the manure with a phosphate so as to make it a iMilanced ration for plants. O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O o o 0 AROUND THE FARM. O 0 o o i.et s be careful how we fertl- o 0 lize the rivers by spreading good o o manure on the side hill iu win- o 0 ter, says the Farm Journal. O o K(.-eii your eye on the spot O 0 where the frost first goes out O 0 and get some tiling in that will O grow. o 2 It is eaay to get too ecouomi- o o cal in aplittiug post timber and o "j try to make too many out of a o cut. They will not last so leng o as they would if larger around, o o Early sowing for oats is half o O i'i« battle for a ssl crofi. Vou O O are less likely to see early sowed o i o oat- that rust. The grain is apt o o to la heavier and the crop fliier o O In ev ry way. O O How re the timothy and clov O 1 O er coming through the winter? O O If you can scatter a bit of ma- O o nure over the new needing where O o it is a little thlu and where the o snow doea not lie It will bring 1 o excellent reaidta. I: o o e o o o o o o o»o»oo»|r'