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The Lemmon herald. (Lemmon, Perkins County, S.D.) 1912-1917, March 21, 1917, Image 5

Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89074986/1917-03-21/ed-1/seq-5/

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We want the
our Farmer.
Be Teken That They Be
Lpt w«rm
Free From Drafts.
Lihiiis t|l(' «-'iR-ks Is the least of
»,u]tr,vniuii worries. Fur more
,runt than the' hatching is the
L.I ig, offers
kitKls of op-
i jlje„ f«,r loss if not handled
Lrlv. writes a corres|oridcnt of tin*
,nd Fireside. Do I* vor.v care
)iit draft" or sudden chaugea in
..•attire in lie room where tlie
,rs me kept. The chicks. es|s
,luring tiie first few wwks, are
rtictilarly susceptible to Irregular!
||,js kind. That does not mean
-:1(.re should not lie plenty of fresh
fiii |he r.«m. tint if it is the leant bit
wns should Iwi placed by the
Kit,«« mt that I lie iiir (Vies not strike
lilitrkj dire. fly.
brooders themselves should be
st #11 tiiiH'H warm enough for the
WdPgUJ'J-!11 -J'ltf'D11
BUD fool' I 'Hl AT OOVKKN MI-'.NT mills
TIIV AKU, l.iKMI Ijj:, Ml.
to lie thoroughly comfortable
IVit crowdiiii which in often fatal
I lli'iii. Kianigh brooders should he
.led so tlmt each «'hick will have
u! room without lading forced
i llie brooder at night.
V[jnihpctiii-ks tirst come out of the
fuliilur they have in their IssHea nil
*t!jwl |he yolk of the egg, wbiclj
iliw ilii iii fur at least thirty si\
»r, Hrtihut no food is necessary at
The wHler ami fine grit are es
ii.al to start ilie digestive organs to
iii.'ir [irn|ier functions. We fed dried
wrrwnlis ami tinel.v chopped hard
|iW t'ugN as tirst feed, feeding this
thrre hours for the tirst three
i we gradually substituted rolled
wound in a meat grimier and mis
|tlil»it 8r*t with breadcrumbs, a*
iwd to he taughl to relish this
^tbeend of the first week we had
i'h the grain food, which we
mis .ili|'s»|i e», lull bought ill the,,
#f i'i.iii iiei. i»i hick feed. We
I tills every ihree hours for the firm
'Md thru e\ ery four hours at the
•f one halt pint for a hundred
FH »hir|| jd «!, ,( Jl„.V ,.H|,
o o o o o o o o o o o o
&S<xx] liine to prune fruit trees
's early in Maix h.
IUe nl
"'»es seem to
0 '"""liilig-you dt,
Bot rea)
U"t al'l,iieuiii.iiis
of lime.
"'d* 111 the heaiiiii wmxl
Hro a,,om ,h
"tfoiip vine. A
S elU for vl11
Sixty lnidx
I'Uiichesi of
,. JTi'-nMl,
sbouU g:v
dr^i,W'"""u* is
4""e" white lea«l
f,,, ^ls''ed o
oil and have It
•'I OU'VL'"!"'OF
^ruiii,,,.' 7
Pushes and
off M,a.' ,f
ai knock
hu wilb
I® o 0 0
Grain Mixture That Hat Givan Good
Results In Experiments.
Before weanliiK y»una |.itfs It ig well
to accustom tliem t,,
A (raiu
mixture or
a slop of sweet Uiiik comUined with
grain. The PennsyIvunhi State college
agricultural ex|ieriment sititlon has ob
tained excellent results wilh a grain
mixture of cornineal. four parts wlieat
middlings, ihree pans, and mnkage,
one part. The addition of skitnmilk In
creases the rate of gain. If »kiinniilk
Is led with this grain mixture (lie
amount of cornDieal may tie increased
to six parts. Other mixtures recom
mended are corn meal, elirht parts, and
tankage, one part, or skimuiilk, three
parts, and corn meal, one part.
If |«*ssible pasture crop* ,-IumiId lie
used lor srrowing pigs, i'.ir quick
growth of pigs two to four pounds of
jrrain per hundred pounds live weight,
daily in addition to pasture croj i
fjuired. The aiuouut or grain fed should
lie governed largely by the appetite of
the I'igs. They should be fe.i uil they
will consume without waste twice daily
Valuable Aid to Getting An Early Start
With Vegetables.
"As an adjunct to the growing t!
vegetable* the hotbed is almost inva
liable," says Professor M. F. Aheari.
Kansas Agriciiitural ccdlege. "it el
aides the gardener to grow crops tliiii
re«iuire a lnug season to mature, sin
as tomatoes, celery, peppers and ea^
plants. The hot lied also may be iim'-i
to advantage in startiug eui'ly cab
bilge, onion, cueuinlter and niusknieicr.
ilotbeda uiay lie construc-ted in u
uumlier of ways. Une of the tnosi
omuiou and serviceable is Hie pit
netliod. The hotlied should be placed
mi the south side of a building or oth
or good windbreak. Care should be
takeu that it has good drainage. Three
!eet by six feet is a chi\enient size
for a sash and as many of tliem are
used as desired. The frame should lie
twelve to fifteen inches high at the
back and oiirht to ten inches in front.
'Hie sash may be glass or muslin.
"The heat for hotbeds i* commonly
supplied by the feruieutaiion of horse
manure. That l'rom highly fed horses
is desirable. Straw to the amount of
from one-third to one half of the mix
ture should lie added, as the niauure
will not heat if it is too solid, it
should le piled iu a long, narrow,
square topped pile aud if very dry
diould lie moistened.
"if the weather is cold aud the ma
uiire does not ferment readily add a
little hen immure or warm water to
•lie part of the pile, lu order to in
sure uniform fermentation the pile
•diould be turned occasionally and all
'urnps broken. When the pile is steatu
ng throughout, which is usually in
rom ten to twehe days, it is ready
or use.
"Mis: a pit two to three feet deep, de
•ending on the time of year the bed
s to be used, and the same size as the
•ed desired. I'or common u^e. such
is growing early toiuabH's, radishes
ind lettuce, early lu Mar li l« the tinn
0 start the hotbed. IJotbeds prepared
U'ter the first week In March shoiihl
lave an eighteen inch pit.
"Tpon the bottom of the pit place a
ayer of straw or leaves two or three
inches deep. Nest place a layer or
1 he fermented manure eight-en or
twenty inches thick. Above this put
i layer of loam soil four to eight inchc
deep In which the plants are to be
(luilnnil ftii minute*. In between
flw'.v had In-fore ihem n hopiier
ptaiititij: a mls|me of one part of
siltoij l.ccf senilis, me pan o
dwii U)|i
J, „f |i
llti v
I'«l bmn. vv ill, II,mldii ion of one
I" «f «'rinncat in the second Week
"liiiilinj! sifi tlic hi iin.
the tirst
We f(1(1
Dressing For Graas Lends.
Manure as a top dressing for gras
lands may be applied whetiever eondi
tions in the field will ]*rmit. but tin
Pennsylvania State coileire expetlmei.!
station recommends tlmt the apjlica
lion be made iu the fall or winter
rather than tn the spring.
•H* or mnii|,s ground in the
•""der. |,j
day and gradually giving it
'I*"1 "f'enci in the second wvek
'•'W hudihibher tie ore tliem when
it. Slit! this- |hey relished
,"ji, ',f '""t'se, we kept char, oat
Wl 'a*.ore tliem Coiislunti.V.
Starting With Sheep- i
Atl Important feature iu shirting the
sheep business is to quickly work into
a flock of around a hundred ewes or.
as is recommended by the L'uiversity
of Illinois, a ewe for each two acres of
the farm. The small Bock which lia
heretofore been recommended lor Ms
iug weeds and waste feed and inciden
tally as a small source of profit is the
Bock that often is diseased Bui be
cause of its insignificance in the farm
business is certain to be ueglectcd.
e ^rd
sliarpg now laiui
Worms In Swine.
I'or stomach worms in swine a goo-)
reiaedy is one to two leaspoonruU i
turpeniine (vary according to sizei we
mixed with two to lour ounces of cas
tor or olive oil. relocated for hree day
and in two weeks repeat the entile
treatment. For kidney worms the' f»
low lug medicated w»lt works well: fou.
parts of charcoal and three parts eav
of salt, sulphur. Glauber's salt and sa^
sod a. These should be well mixed and
placed where they «an get it at wilt
Where hogs are infested with any par
aslte seriously It is not advisable to as
low theiu to run in the same lots yeai
after year: in fact, the run sliou.d I*
changed each year. Another
infection is tiie drinking water
a iwle.
'lieir breabiiig ilowu.
should not be allowed to drink sta^
nant water nor water that is I"* 'M
by surface drainage, e-uie dally
bjr surrace uramagc.
Live Stock
And Dairy
Oregon Jersey Establishes Record For
Breed West of the .Mississippi.
llairy cows, and particularly Jerseys,
have taken ilicir place Usidc Oregon
apples fM the nice for supremacy in
that stale. Coldic's Nehaleui Itenuty
had Just liecotue champion three-year
old of the Jersey breed when St. Ma we*
Poppy, owned by Kd Cary of Carlton,
Ore., finished a year's authenticated
test, lu which she made lft,7v'J. iwunds
milk and 0-"^' pounds butter fat, which
Hould make l.l^o..'* pounds of N"» per
cent butter. This record Is thosixih be-t
word ever made by a Jersey and estate
lishes the best record of the breed ever
made west or the Mississippi river. SI,
Mawes Poppy was going so strong
through the tirst seven months of her
test that It began to look as though
she would exceed the record made by
Sophie XIX, of Hood Farm. In the
eighth and tenth month she fell off iu
milk flow, however, tiie tirst time from
an attai k of milk fever and on thi
ol her occasion from a severe bloat
caused by a heavy feed of green corn.
At the time she met her tirst misfor
tune she was milking well over forty
pounds a day, and in xylite of I he sec
ond trouble she liuished her test by
milking twvitty-seveii pounds.
St. Mawes Puppy has made three
yearly records of over SMHl pounds of
butter, including me of over l.ltm
pounds, as shown by the fo
Age. Milk. I- it. Bult. i s i
Vis. .M s Puunds i oamis i -1
'J.'.-I :J «KI.»
o I2.K .7
ij, se4
Si. Mawes Poppy started this latest
test, with her seventh calf, at nine
years two mouths of age. She is
daughter of the great St. Mawe-.
of eighteen other register of merit
St. Mawes is now famous as a s.
heavy producers, hut his great
was not ascertained until aftc
death fit the hands of the bulcln-
Dairy Cow EfNciMicy.
With a good dairy cow the ow
charges are less in proportion ID the
work done than with a fHK»r one. say
C. 11. Kckles. dairy husbandly depart
ment. University of Missouri.
Willi a cow producing I3J pounds u'
ftft a year more than half she consume
Is u^ed to maintain the body. The cow
that makes 450 pounds of fat a yvm
uses the same amount of feed to main
tain her body, but it is only about
per cent of her total feed consumption
The remaining Go per cent Is used di
rectly for milk making: limi e a mii' li
larger proportion of her total rali"ii i
available f«'i ndlk production, and tin
feed cost of u j»oUud of fat or of m•'J
is tower.
In order to aid the «ro»tl
'.be crop and thus s«\e
spiiug fertilizers aud to pre*'
.if manure thro :f ii
i 'he Ohio station re
ne- d- winter ttiauurini:
wheat. For twciity-tlirc
at the station eight ton
ii ire applied directly s
..cfore seeding have prism. c(.
aniiitul Increase of lU.t I u
in this i rop alone. A n-a--
propoi'tiiili of this inct'c
t' expe- ted even when
mire s applied during .•
.- ier. while sulise |Ucnt
s!tow like increases.
Experiments at Woo-u
hat a ton of uiauure -i
iiH-tiy from the stalm
lield Is worth To cents mo
a ton left iu an open u.,..
for tJiree winter mon! hs
tlicu applied Other cX]-er.:,.
Uave shown that a ton of
manure treated w it!.
:Mi::nds of acid pho--: "d
spread immediately i-
Structure Should Be AH Ready te fill
When Corn Is Ripe,
Morp siloj are built In the latter part
of August aiul tho tirst part of Sep
teu. iei- than at any other tluie of the
»ites Fisher In the Farm
and Fireside Tiie desire to see how
the i-orii crop will turn out Is largely
rcsi.usthle for the very short time
that elapses between the time silos are
built and the time tbey are filled.
But a serious risk Is involved In
-building too late In the season. Silos
built concrete or tile should always
stand empty at least two weeks be
fore tilling the first time Tile .silos
are guaranti'cd only when this time
elapses til order to allow the mortar
Joinis to thoroughly burden. Ilc-dde
silo masons are so busy in the fall
that many farmers are obliged to wait
their turn, and by the time the silo Is
fliwlly tilled the corn has lost its suc
cu!i*h properties.
"The lest time for erecting such a
silo." sh.vs one expert, "is Just after
corn planting, though It Is a g'«»d plan
to yet the material on the ground in
the early sprint while sledding is irood
and when the farmer can haul the toa
teriul mi hard roads and at a tiim
when he has most leisur-."
Necessary to Avoid Mak­
ing Undesirable Compounds.
Hon,.- mixed fertilizers will prove
.lust as e(Urielit in every way as factory
mixed goods of equivalent compos'I ioli,
provided some simple precautions are
used against undesirable mixtures.
The Pennsylvania State coiiegc
sduio, of agriculture and experiment
station cautions against the use of dim
in home mixing. If it is desired to
neutralise soil acidity the lime should
tie applied sefiaruteiy and not mixed
.i ., the fertiliwr. Such a mixture
not add value to the lime or fi-r'ti
i and In most cases the mixing
would lie detrimental.
Wood ashes, since they contain lime,
should be applied alone aud not mixed
with the various fertilizing materials.
ertaln commercial materials, as basic
-dutr. cvanauiide and calcium nitiate.
ivhlch contain an excess of lime, should
m- avoided in home mixing. The ob
servance of these precautions will obvi
:.ic the danger of lumping, the loss of
plant food through volatilization or the
changing of available into unavailable
plant food through chemical action
Stable manure or other fresh organic
matter should not lie considered in the
home mixing of fertilizers. Manure lu
itself is a complete fertilizer, but a
poorly balanced one. It should In re
enforced with acid phosphate, rock
phosphate or boiiciueal This is the
only mixing of manure and fertilizer
•h it should l»e considered.
Clover Paye In Rotation.
Have you planned to seed more land
lover this spring? The crop pays by
making the land moi* fertile. Iiesides
wcldhm a good hay crop. For seven
teen years at the Ohio experiment sta
lion corn on unfertilized laud yie ded
li.L' bushels more to the acre in a three
tear rotation of corn, wheat and di ver
[han in a live year rotation of rn.
eats, wheat, clov#r and timothy. On
manured laud in the three year rota
ii .n during this time corn yielded S.-l
bushels more to the aare than In the
year rotation, even though more
manure was applied iu the latter rota
tion. Tiie experiment station credits
this increased yield of com largely to
iie clover crop because It comes once
j. three instead of once lu five yuiiM.
A Good Milk Goat.
The popularity of milk goats ii. tiie
west has led the California experln ent
.tatioo to conduct an official test of
:helr milk producing rapacities. A two
vear-old pure Toggenburg produced in
one year U.l.Vs |iouiids of milk and ~2.b
rounds of butter far. This is ufeoat one
-ixtli the p'-oductlon of a tirt class
cow and is more than twice as much
us an ordinary milk goat gi'e*. The
cost, of feed per |suud of mill, was
filiout nitie-N»iitha that of dairy cows
tha ntation herd.
Time of Seeding Oats.
After ten years' investigatona to
oinpare diffei ent dates for seeding
"Hts, running from March to May fe.
:he Ohio exia-riuient station has found
':ar greatest yields have trenerally been
-iitaiiied from early seedin .'. in Wayno
.-otiuty seeding-^ made in March hare
frequently outy ielded those In late
\pril or May by fifteen to twenty busb
-is per acre, in central Ohio In niost
seasons oats may be sown by March 13
and in the southern part of U)e state
y I ear'v more than a t"H of
untreated tuauore le In an op"n
$ burityaid from .fauna~y to April
week earlier.
Making the
Farm Pay
Peeta Render Cultivation of Cotton Im
possible In Some Sections.
IHretMO-. .1 Cr.lt«sJ Klulif -»ttn .-nt of
111* irnwt prnctlcnl way of den llni
with erawflsh, iMsiMtllng to aiiectalists
iu the Fiiltcd States ileiiartment of
Hgrleulture, Is to-kill them by pulling
two or Ihree drops of ctH'bon bisuliihki
into tin- burrows. For this purjsse u
Mono'it'hle concrete silos may lie built
at iii,\ season of the year, but the liest
lime Is spring or summer, so they will
have ample time to harden.
Metal silos may be built at any time
of year. Stave silos are liest put up in
the full, as Hie hot weather of sum
uier causes the wood to shrink when
the silo is empty lint in all cases de
cide on the size of silo and make tin
concrete foundation for it early in tho
season, so there will be no delay o»
that accoimt
quart oil can, with diameter noezh1 re
duitMl in slue, proves (|iiitc salisf.iciory
After the |iojsoii has Imh'H put lu the
burrow the ojiening sliould be cbtsed
iiiimeiliately with pressure of the beel.
With a little practice a man i-an cover
a considerable area lu this way each
day The cost of the pisson is about a
Wit for every seventy five holes treat
ed, or from fl to fl.Wl |»er acre If
the work has
thoroughly dnie the
cost of treatment the following year
will not exceed IS cents |ier acre.
At the prcM'Ut. lime a Wide slrelcb of
country, estimated at not less than a
thousand square miles, is so oveirun
wilh crawfish that to a considerable
client the successful production of .-of
ton and corn ts rendered Impossible,
Large lields of young cotton litHe
destroyed In a single ulght. Corn
suffers greatly, but It is not so ex en
sively eaten as cotton The day lands
of Mississippi aud Alabuina are espe
cially subject to thes€* fs-sts. and In eer
tuln areas it is almost ImjsissSble to
raise cotton or corn with profit. In bl»
region the crawfish inhabit heavy nn
l» soils from four to Brtcen fc»t n,
iepth well saturated with water .n.d
•terijiug a sandstone formation
1 luring rainy weather or in the e'en
ing after a shower the crawfish leave
their hole* and come to the surfa' to
gather their food, which fur the most
I art is consumed underground. At
(his time tbey may be easily killed
with ciubs or caught in lar«e numbers
The Imdies should l»e collected, for
when boiled, mixed with meal and al
lowed to dry they are valuable as an
i gg producing food for jioultry In this
resqasct indeed their value is so great
(hiit It is said that the preparation of
the product might be a profitable -om
werclai undertaking if it were not that
thj) supply of crawftsfc. Ig ao dependent
Devoted to
C.Country (Corres
pondents and
Farm News
upon weather conditions At Hnwit
however, the uiiinlit-r Is enormout On
badly In rested areas from N.otm to |2,
*m lairrows ht»\e l«een found to an
acre On one plsniailon In 51 wslsnlppl
twenty seven barrel* or crawfish were
picked up In a season and the following
car thirteen barrels more
Fudcr such condition* (he replanting
of ixiiton fields Is almost certshi to lie.
vouie a necessity Kven then. If re
planting Is f«diow«s| by showery weatll
cr there U much likelihood that the
fcei oitd crop will Is* destroy ed lu dry
Weather, however, (he plants may de
velop rapidly enough be out of dan
ger when wet weather sets In again.
F»«ding of Data snd Pes He/ Permits
Reduction of Grain Ration.
H'hlie outs aud pea hay are well
kmow n as roughage for cattle, pat
th uiarly in dairying, ss roughage for
horses is'l haps It Is not ao oitiiuM
l.v umiI, says I L. u*tn of the \w
Jersey college farm. Timothy hay
has fceiii held as the Ideal hay for
the liora»-, and other hays. cai»s tally
those iVh in proiein. are looked upon
sonic w am unfavorably As iom hego
for horsee o.iis aud pea hay an- worthy
of a more cxteudfsl u-n. on a. onnt ©f
their great feeding i slue The |*tas add
protein to the i.iiiou and more nearly
balance It. so that with proper Ju&g
uient a dis-id ieduction may iM'tiiida
in the amount of (jritin fed and ttje ant
mat kept at less cost.
I have inter* I welve bead of horaea
on oats and pea hay, feeding them
situ e early fall, and have never win
tered horses more economically nor
even had them looking iieiter
grain ration has Ix-en corn and eats,
mixed so I hat the corn was alsiut two
thirds by bulk Where some of the
horses have had only Haiti, lent work
for good ncrdse, nearly all the grain
was taken away, only three or four
quarts Isdug fed a day 'J lie boraea
have a glossy, healthy Bp|te«riince and
are lu fine shape for the heavy spring
work that will soon Isgln. With the
exception of a slight case of colic, due
to an overfeed of grain, there haa not,
been a case of islckncaa among tlx
twelve head of horses eating the onis
and pea hay.
'hie Item or value In (lie mowing ot
cats and |sa hay should Is- taken into
account. It Is the yield an a- rc Often
a held Is continued In timothy when
the stand Is poor and a light yield cer»
tain, iu order that sullf' lent hay niay
be secured to feed horse- for I he fol
lowing winter If plowed and ttowed to
oats and peas a mu li higher yield
Could be secured Another Item tn fa
vor of raising list oats and peas Is Ike
opportunity to keep up the fertility of
the soil, whereas with timothy tin- op
posite is quite often tin* case (lata
and peas are cut for bay w hen the oats
are In the milk stage. An opportunity
is thus given to sow the ground to cow
pi as, soy bean* or other nltr-gni gath
ling ptalils, which, plowed under |oi
Kl-ecii manure, add greatly lo I tie soli
fertility. 'owjsas and soy I sou is ma
also be cut and fe i green or can la- put
in tiie silo with the com or ule into
hay if the season will allow
Be Prepared.
Hatching the early chicks wbeo one
la not prepared to care for them will
cure the chicken fever every
Manure 8houtd Be Conserved.
Much dire should Is- exercised IS
handling manures lu order to secitfte
'lie greatcM returns from their un.
few suggestions are offered by the
Pennsylvania State college experiment
station for the pro|ier conservation of
manure. First, save all the liquid iaa
I uiire. s»s-oud, prevent leaching and fer*
I mentuti(Mi: third, If possible haul ina
^'ir»? on the land as rapidiv as It is
made fourth, buy nitrogen in concen
trated feeds rather than lu commercial
fertilizer*, liflii. rc-eyforcc the manure
with a phosphate so as to make it a
iMilanced ration for plants.
o o
0 o
o i.et s be careful how we fertl- o
0 lize the rivers by spreading good o
o manure on the side hill iu win- o
0 ter, says the Farm Journal. O
o K(.-eii your eye on the spot O
0 where the frost first goes out O
0 and get some
tiling in that will O
grow. o
2 It is eaay to get too ecouomi- o
o cal in aplittiug post timber and o
"j try to make too many out of a o
cut. They will not last so leng o
as they would if larger around, o
o Early sowing for oats is half o
O i'i« battle for a ssl crofi. Vou O
O are less likely to see early sowed o
i o oat- that rust. The grain is apt o
o to la heavier and the crop fliier o
O In ev ry way. O
O How re the timothy and clov O
O er coming through the winter? O
O If you can scatter a bit of ma- O
o nure over the new needing where O
o it is a little thlu and where the
o snow doea not lie It will bring
o excellent reaidta.
o o e o o o o o
o o»o»oo»|r'

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