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The workingman's advocate. [volume] (Chicago [Ill.]) 1864-1877, May 05, 1866, Image 1

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VOL. II. A. o. CAMgROK (!SS5Sia!.TSSK» ' CHICAGO, MAT 5, 1866. TJffiMs.j&KS'K NO. 41
-- - - ________
Paper Hangings
Paper Hangings
for »i»Ripre
_ _ _%__
E. G. L.'FAXON & CO.
At the Old Stand,
70 LAEE ST. 70
No. 58 Dearborn Street,
Thankful for the liberal patrona?* t*rMov«d • n n%
for the j»h«t year, w-1 r< *j**ctfufly toWdt a cantinuance ot
the mute at onr
Where, I y etrtrt attention to the -ante of «*or coa
touiern. »»e hof* to
Oar are unriraPed hy tiny hna«e In the We*t,
and a’ goods arc of the
Best Quality and Workmanship.
Ah KO PVySRRS are employed, we are ena djd to
fiveoiii oo.-towier# the fuii value of ti ll money fawllofK
confident that »« o*n euit all
Chi. %gn. HI. (3f<f.) Lexinjfton. Kv.
Artificial Legs and Arms.
Nolati* r«* • tir«l»h«‘d »h MororiH
■ III »t( li't'OHBI,
lore ..tsiid< ftrlUh *1 Iknbi daevhcri, N* *ure
uni Dr. lily’* Hi*- n% ntion-, which f.r Na> r»J
ne#*, Cheftpnrte*, %nd Dm ability camot be aurpnsw.*
Apply ht t-lilit r ol tbe Iclioeiug »tti> eft :
London En^huid No !ii9 UtctkPr S^anre; New York,
tfl Sr-A^lumy Kirhtn o> I. 'a , ii» »r the P-at Office,
A|rilat■< 0*., !W'*n I Din , tr m Post * 'fHc.- New Orb-on".
bn ,77 * ai .mdolet ilftwt; Memphis, Term.. tt>*2 Mala
ttre«-t ; Na«)jviib be City Hoil; Cincinnati,
O.. 4b Heat K>/<irtb street, „ atfft, III . opposite Poat
Otffce Ad ire*«.1
DOOOZ.A8 .V, K. 2>.,
AkiT MIST 1*1. Sot , AT TH» NOIRAST t. O.
Heaa for PaEif4«ra.
yjechasios, attention.
»A« R*«l npKHCl) AT
Wo. 213 Past Washington Street,
WHfAK AIL ll*I>8 Of
Can b» obtained at tka
I.owcmI Market ltatCM,
ao ! cm below them Tl.e workingmen af th-rltr are
.a give <Uia enterprise the support it (teaerrew
We k. turgConatantlj hand a good amortmeet of
£*mVVr^^ ' *W»vl|d"it,p Kerosene Oil, Dried and
fit' M V-hU it,**,, go.
«rjt K&mlly » Sur, of well, «UUl«brd Lrgnli.
lltoMUf Fine I ouoiiQ Mu«t«rd, tb U<tb»*.
Vr O in i ft tiler Height and Mrnsare,
ana WARfi ANT cmjr arti< le a* } nrr>enjtcdL
_ PATRICK RILKY, PupermUn<imi.
jg&TARldfSH&D IN
W»e*U attenuo* to . or !*/** *lock of TRlti, OOF
• KElf, h td Udiifre!
7hbJ!j “S'.1,0"*, «^r1Wm»aaat.|« ... w.Urtaad ,,ar
chaaa of the beat hind, and lejaeA Haua. We offer
*"**,“ cbe«(., as a,me uunllliet aa ran be bougie lu
Jj,l!,c T. wV, <b*lifu*“ ewnipetionan oirflSAt!, for
^UAi ty abd Price.
Vittln ter the ln«cin.
llTOcatloa tte Mpriteft.
[»> in. W. *. IlilClil t ]
0 boaatsaus period tftbc world,
Decay it* t krona *o btfix'BU Hurled,
Oreo lion robed la diadtnt,
in brightening huas-in sparkling g > sns—
O'er mountain barriers swept sublime
kjlk-silbi, suiting atom* of lima;
▲.long deep v kies sequestered way,
Whara gel Jen sunbeams and play—
O’er foiseU dark with gloom and sere.
Waiting naw foliags Might and claws.
O'sr lao«i, oVr saw— cr earth, in air.
If a.* t* glorious Bpring thme incense bear,
Keuaw thy realm, thy beauty bright,
Give back thy glc. es to our tight
‘Tla iu thy aott—thy genial hour
We feel the kindling* of new power,
A uew strong stirring pulse ar fee!,
Start from the dey .s and itro* us steal—
A vital throb, a^large<l daslra(
A burst of ait ffomashean Art;
Great cmtui light with beam divine,
Wruggltog to munui. to rlau and shins:
Tbs soul growl rhh tw hrLhttm'ng bl*mi.
As nature triumph# »*er hw Irani*.
Then corns awsot ring, thy splen.lora fair,
Thai wo thy pawer nmy richly *har«\
Tin brightening lustcra wake around
Make earth new paradisaical ground,
fdlr type of IrsuIohu realm- aiiors.
Breaking in splendor, glory, love;
iswoet hyaeintba with lily, ro*»,
^weet honey-suckle in repose ;
Mature in dawery -bright frescoes.
With ac*qi’.ing .range, date with palm.
With damask bud*, with vephvrs warm ;
Casudhtu dews, fair showers so sweet,
0 oue* again we fondly greet.
Then gome, thy throne is radiance bright,
Thy scepter carved of beauteous light,
Tliy robe* art* b>-au y,‘geniu*- <1 with flower*,
T! y trrtSu* bright from emerald b w*ts;
With queenly air, with glowing grate
Thy suilh-s creation's woe* riTai# ;
On iby new l right creative da?.
The sunbrs aspect* pas* away,
l.ovrS rapturous hour again returns.
Its deepening Are awakes and hai o**,
All, alt. is iwelndv supieme,
Joy, giadtv** hope. In g' Men gleam
Vis nature1- spell f iswl aorprior,
It ban odd eucbai iukIiI sorrow dies,
When harmony in deepening tone,
Biewkx thr •’ craatloo* flower gemined iqne :
When all the rovstlc powers of light
Impearloil, shed radiance deep and bright ,
When the fa*r Hedged, ill radiant mind.
Ret. urbed by oature, graced, reflated,
Mount* to some new suldhner height
basks in more rich, more purgi .g light,
Becks thro* the shaded arrh of tiow,
The great'nmg destinies sublime
Thom splendor* rar*, those beanlu* great,
Thai All alone the Immortal state.
Then come proud 8|ring, 11.in* emogus spread.
Wake at-w-horn life, in grandeur tnoad ;
On mountain path. In valley* low.
Thro' all the world In U*»‘ty go , *-».
He as* creation far and wide.
Make earth thy beauteous smiling bride,
Kuweave new gwrUuds fre/ and biigl.*.,
And All the world with halrniy ligh t.
Written for tt. - Aovocati
THE Si 08 Y OE A l.ll t:.
(ix colA nti.lvm.)
Have you ever thought of it, that the
education of s human being commences b
i fort birth ? That before the baby eyes be
hold the light of tin* world, the character i>
formed indelibly ; ana can only be modified
by after education ? Thai lives of frirolitv
and worldliness stamp themselves upon the
plastic spirit, to grow with the life-1 ath of
the child; to retiect, as in a truthful mirror,
tin- rices and errors, the sins of commission
and omission of both parents.
Such is the grand and startling truth (hat
in this century is attracting the thought and
evok ng the pmfoundest researches of physi
ology. Mothers aie awakening to the mo
mentous responsibility they incur ; are
’ Truing with the solemn awe of a new
revelation, licit they can give angel* or
-onions to the wo- Id.
What kne v the fashi-nab!.- Mrs Maillierc
of these thing- * absolutely nettling The
unwelcome child Ada, ver loved her
mother, but shrank from tier with uncon
cealed avoidance. Th. grasping, money
getting father, the young brothers so nuch
away/mm home; the sisters given over to
the love of woiiuly ami selti-h indulgencies,
i all these seemed no pari >i the being of the
| nale am! puny child, ital looked in vain
l tmund the homo circle for the something
wanting ; they nought in vain amid luxury
and display for the sweet home affections
that shuu'd till the craving void within.
All tins she told uie as In. mistered to her
wants, told it with t childlike pathos and
simplicity that won my heart. The guilty
mother feeling how fearfully remiss she had
been in her maternal duties, shrank (r--mlhi
glance of her daughter’s eye. I teamed a
lesson there f never shall forget
ror tears me pour gir1 rinu oomc me
heavy burden of an incurable disease. But
calm and religious trust, and itnun itai glow
ing hope, had been born of suffer And
the mind and heart, originally warped, had
gained instruction and expansion from the
ministering angels, pain and solitude.
All this she told me, and 1 no longer en
1 viea *he inmates of that princely home. I
i saw the- angry scowl upon the father’s brow ;
'bis negligent treatment of bis wife; the
haughty manner assumed towards his sons.
The cold and stably mistress I beheld con
. valued with the passions of etivja and
jealousy. The beautiful daughters were
| mining health and wasting you'h in an un
ceasing round of dissipation, miscalled
pleasure. And the palace home became to
me a gilded prison, whence issued oft the
groans of tortured souls.
But when any of them entered Ada’s room
they assumed, or were their best. But the
young girl turned from them west;ly, with
sighs of fatigue ; with me she chatleo cosily
and lone.
She had a wonderful talent for versifica
tion, and would pen thoughts with a facility
aud rapidity that surprised rue greatly. I
have treasured some of her pieces. 1 give
one here:
what boms shoclu us.
A place to rest the weary reel,
And May the seeking soul.
Where all thing* twaulilul should greet
The heart’s divines! goal.
Wlare hove, and Trull., Mil Harm. Bj,
Should Iutm tbs spirit’s sanctuary.
A placets dream, end fondly root,
Ah hops and aknof his;
Where as a shrine, the motber-bressl
Shall shield tmm on tar strifr
Where the fraternal too I links hud,
The equal spirits, heart sad mind
Where, crowned with the halo white of Tears.
A lasher’s blessing tolls:
And human sympathy and tears.
Love’s sacr.ftcU! rails.
Are answered with the prayers of lore,
•y good dead registered abuse.
A place where f-rr-. -ams ot the heaven
Wi strive tor btoXl w.
Should In sweet waaspeuee he (Ivea
Tor *11 of enrihly w.w
A fleam of immortality,
ft--mid love Ulume this home tor me V
AIM, MV haartltfltm* rft
Dark phantom*, brooding ill;
And lhr«ai*alng shadow* ever flit,
Aad wander at lhair wHK—
Ovarp beside the godle** *t rtu«,
I't*- mte< rate to use divine.
la plaae of meek Laaiwd, ha^j prayer,
Paa* idol* of tlii* world,
Tull and vexation, grief and care,
Their gloom tf tga Aar* have turhal.
Oal.f t*> mt, the angel Peace,
Promise* freedom's blest release
My home will I * where Kdeo « galea,
Invite the pilgrim lorn .
Whore bright (ulfllment t charm await*,
The trust of taitu upborn*.
Tho joy* uu earth denied to me,
rSerc, shall be mine, eternally !
I remained a year with the gentle girl;
and learned much faith and trust from her
example Fur the '.a*t three months her
strength had gradually declined, until all
wasted aa shu was, she became » mere
shadow, tiut still the large eyes beamed
brilliantly, the intellect remained ununpair
ad. Fattier and mother, brothers and sis
tera, expressed their solicitude; site smiled
caliuh on them all. She said to tue one
day: “I sltall go," pointing above, “m a
week from to-day, at sunset, she said it in
her usually clear, decisive voice, and forbade
me men noising it to any oue. I deemed it
only n sick tunny, and yielded obedience.
But on that day week, she fuitilled her own
prediction, and at sunset slept calmly, never
again to awaken in tlie home of earth.
A common sorrow renders “all akin tlie
worldly mother did turn heavenward' in
spirit, as she wept over the lifeless clay of
tlie wronged girl ; even the stern father Re
laxed into natural grief, and shamed a nobler
countenance. The fast young uutn. Ada’s
brothers, lookto Aisnmiy retrospective as
they turned freni the lace of the dead.
I hough all returned to their former habits,
ti> their favorite pursuits, yet the goodly
seed of example had been sown; ami Ada
had not lived or died in vain.
The night after the funeral, 1 sat alone
with gb.om) thoughts and dire forebodings.
I was again thrust into the world ; I was
again face to taco a ith all the hardship of
earning a livelihood. I'lie needle gleamed
l>«! *re in -, an insii umeni of torture ; again
I confronted the numberless humiliations of
i lie needle-woman ; again, 1 lacked the very
Oeceseaties of life ; col-1, hunger, privation,
gibbered at me with a fiendish zest, I bow
ed my lead in my clasped I lands and wept
most bitterly.
1 had replenished my wardrobe; I had
performed some little deeds of good ff»r
•thers; I had about fifty dollars left; how
long would that last me in the great expen
sive city * I tormented myself bravely all
night; and arose haggard and unrefreshed
l be contrast with the awaiting poverty waa
all the more terrible from the condition id
comparative, luxury and ease with which I
bjtdjbeen favored Truly it was along, dark
night, hut at last the moraine came !
1 had eaten inv solitary breakfast, when
Mrs. Madder. ’» maid came to me and re
quested me to follow her to her mistress's
presence. I went with a sinking heart, tv
pec ting my immediate discharge.
Mrs Mailliere was sitting in an arm
chair, her mourning handkerchief applied to
her eyes. The girl withdrew, and I respect
mg the mother’s gtief kept silent.
“Miss Vemor,” she said between her sobs,
“I never knew [ loved my poor, sick Ada so
much! I hi were very good to her; she
has remembered you, she had property o(
her own , she verbally requested me to give
this to you Do not scruple to accept it, it
is fairly y.iurs, and it, wdl inhere you much.
I have mu doubt. perhaps ensure you against
I want in the future. It is a large suiu to
j many. It would be a trifle to others And,
j Mk« Vernor,” the lady’s voice trembled, “if
I I have ever said anything to wound your
j ’eelmgs, forgive me for the sake of the dear
’departed !" and throwing herself forward on
(the tabie she wept and sobbed in the utter
i abandonment of a mother’s grief I went
|down on my knees beside her, and soothed
i her into calm; I spoke to *ner in living
, words of or.solation an«l hope, that did good
! to both our souls.
i “Remain here a-- long as you please,
jiiravc.” she said in tho kindest manner ;
| ‘remain until y ou decide on the beat way oi
1 investing your money. And come to nn
again this afternoon, you south me into
j peace
1 took tlw roll of hank bills, dear A la’s
gift, and left the .room.
I ' “Thank Heaven!" I exclaimed; “though
1 should evn have loved dor without such
a reminder, I am most grateful! The evil
day I dread may at least lie postponed.”
1 counted my treusute, amazement thrill
od me mute; joy deprived me of utterance !
I was overwhelmed and stunned by the sud
den turning of the tide f The life of needle
toil and w. armg anxiety was a droaru of the
twist ; in my hands I held home and frugal
competence; every good of life seemed in
my reach; surely it was morning with me
at last 1
Falling reverrntlv on my knotw, I held my
gift on Ugh, and though my lips refused to
speak, my soul gave forth its utterance. “1
thank thee, God!”
I held within my prayer-claspr-d, tremb
ling hands, the sura of owe thmmnd dollart !
CHArrmt lit.
I do not distinctly remember what T said or
did for some days afterwards. But 1 know
lliat I talked and acted extravagantly ; it
was such a sudden change ! —And then how
brightly my life gleamed before me ; and
how humbly 1 acknowledged all the uses of
adversity. Trial had taught me prejudice ;«
and poverty had brae Tt me grand lessons
of economy ; all was\ell.
f pass Over the space of six months, in
which time I visited some of ray humbler
friends, and I trust relieved some of their
pressing wants. 1 could do this freely, for
to the sum bequeathed lo me by Ada Mail
i lieref wa# added many gifts from each mem
ber of the household. While I remained
with them I mafs jnyself useful ; and ac
cepted of their superabundant* that I might
relieve the wants of others.
I found that I too, bad not lived tU vain,
for in my humble, earnest efforts, I had
aided in the exaltation of labor ; I, too, had
helped to invest poverty with the dignity of
independence. And when ray own Alton
was sMaml, I tuned and heedad the in
terior promptings that had beta stifled so
long, and laid down the ceedle for the pea.
I consecrated it to the oats of humanity ;
to the cause of the oppressed ; to Woman
ami her needs; toOhildren and their rights;
to the home and the fireside ; to my Mow
l»borers everywhere, Aad my labors have
been blest abundantly.
Six months before I had been dependent;
now I was free, mistress of my «in*a : toe
to choose my evocation, and mv biding
place. Thank Uod, I have a Home.
It stands gpor. the brow of a bill fronting
south towards the M4, this con, white,
two-story cottage of mina, itis truly “wood
emhoMuod," in a l»dk ground of oak* and
pines ; It o-.k-looks a thriving New England
t’ity ; but 18 situated amid the country's
quiet and repose ; the blue waves dash and
glide, and dance before it ; and the briny
iragrauee mingles with the odors of the
garden flowers. For out at sea, I behold the
! islands of the Bay ; and the white gliftituer
of sails. My ideal of a home is realized.
W ithin, no Brussels carpets, velvet fur
niture, or costly ornaments, give sign of
woalth or display. I am not rich ; out I
have all I need. A pretty, flamer bright,
three ply covers my parlor floor; my pie
tures are simple home-scene*, summer and
winter landscapes, few of wluch can boast
a gilded frame ; hut I have framed them
with shells from the sea, and canes from the
abundant pines. I have statuettes in plaster
that serve well the place of marble. 1 have
snow-white curtains, and furniture iir keep
ing with my cottage style. I have with uie
s widow rescued from the toil of life in
cities ; her sweet little four-year old girl
makes the melody of childhood in uiy home.
I have a capacious garden, tilled with the
beauty of flowers, the usefulness of vege
tables and fruit trees. I have ruy household
pet.s ; and 1 live in daily communion with
Nature. In my daily walks along the beach,
I fail not to upiift uiy soul in thankfulness,
to renew uiy pkfl life with prayerful grati
My neighbors are my friends; and my
life is calmly happy, and unostentatiously
useful In resigning the holy offices of wife
and mother, I hope to fill a lesser place with
honor ; meaning by that, not to win the ap
plause of a multitude, but the approval and
love of the hatd working-men ami women I
labor foi with my pen.
And here we might part, hut that l have
yet some incidents to relate, some sketches
of character to give ; mayhap, a few words
of advice and encouragement to proffer.
(t'oSCL i’L»Bl> MBIT WEBB.)
Madam Nt-aadah
A long tune ago, in the western part of
England, iheie lived an aged couple whose
time had paused away, since early youth, m
the every day round of farm life, and who
had never been known to have the least ill
feelings towards ea--!i oilier, since the good
old time when old Parson Pcllot had united
them in the holy bonds of wedl >ck twenty
five years before. So well was the fact of
their conjugal happiness known, that they
were spoken of far and near as the happiest
pair ic England Now, the Devil (excuse
the abrupt mention of his name) had been
trying for twenty years to create what is
called “a fuss in "the family between these
old companions. But, much to his morti
fication, he had not been able to induce the
I old gentleman to grumble about breakfast
being too late or the old woman to give a
! single curtain lecture.
Alter repealed etf .rts, the Devil became
discouraged, and had he not been a person
I of great determination, he would doubtless
. nave given the work up in despair. One
iay ex he walked along in a very surly mood,
after another attempt to get the old lady to
; quarrel about the pigs getting into the yard,
- he met an old lady, a neighbor of the aged
couple. As Mr. Devil and the neighbor were
very particular friends, they must needs
stop on the wav and chat a little.
(.mod n> .ruing, sir. said she, “anti pray
t hat on earth makes you look so bad this
morning ? —Isn't the controversy between
the churches doing good service ?“
i “Yes.”
“Isn’t Deacon W. making plenty of bad
whiskey V"
“Yes ”
“Dell, what is the matter, tny highly
honored master *”
“Everything is going oti well enough,”
rt phed tire Devil, “but (and he looked as
sour as a monkey on a crab apple tree} old
li ueford and his wife over here are injuring
the cause terrible by their bad example ; aud
after trying four years to induce them to do
right, 1 must say I consider them .ii.pnless.”
The hag stood a moment in deep thought.
“Are you sure you have tried everr
“E^ry wav I can think of."
“Are you certain
“Well," replied she, “If you will promiiie
to make me a present of a new pair of shoes,
in cane i succeed, F will make the at* mpt
myself, ami see if I can raise a quarrel be
tween thorn.”
To tins reasonable request the Devil gladly
asserted. The old hag went her way to o'd
Ulueiord’s house, and found Mrs. Bluebird
busily engaged in getting things ready for
her Irishand’s comfort on bis return from
work. Aft« the us 1 compliments h«<i
passed, the following u.akigue took place :
“ VY oil, friend B. you and Mr. B. have heed
a long time together.”
“Five and twenty years, come November,”
replied Mrs. B.
"And ail this time you have never had a
quarrel I”
“Mot one."
”1 am truly glad to bear it," continued
the hag, “I consider it my duty to warn yoa,
though this ia the case, you must not expect
it to be always. Have you not observed that
of late Mr. B. has been peevish and sullen at
tunes V”
"A very little ao, observed Mrs. Blueford.
“I knew it," continued the hag; "and let
me warn you to be on your guard.'
Mrs. B. thought she had better do ao, end
asked advice as to how she should manage
the cate.
“Have you not noticed," said the hag,
"that your husband has a bunch of long,
harsh batr growing under the chin on the
side of hta throat."
“These are the cause of thwtrouble, and as
long as they remain you had better look out
Now, aa a friend, I would adrise you to cut
them off the first time you get a chance,
and thus end the trouble, for as long aa
they remain, you had better look out."
Soon after this the hag started for home,
»nd made it convenient to meet Mr. Bl on
the way. Much the same talk in relation to
his domestic happiness ) saved between him
and the old woman.
“But, friend said she, “I think
it mr duty to tell you to be on your guard,
for I Ml you your wife intends your ruin.”
Old Mr. B. waa rary much aatoniahad yet
be could not wholly discredit bar words.
When he reached home he threw himself on
the bed in perplexity, and feigning
•sleep, studied the matter over labia mind.
Uu wife thinking this a good opportunity
Cor cutting off thd obnoxious hair, took bar
husband’s raxorand crept softly io bis atda.
Now, the lady vyrns much frightened at hold
ax sacor so dose to her husband’s neck,
her hand waa not so steady aa it once
*as4 so, between the two ahe went to woA
reiy awkwardly, and palled the hairs, fit
iftod ad catting (hem off. 0. opened bid
•yea, and there stood his wife withsraxor
Uhutfansad. After what ha i beed told him
tod assmg this b« oculd xot doubt hut that
she intended to muder him. He sprang
from the bed iff horror, and no explanation
or entreaty could copy .nee him to con
trary. So Trout tftat time there was a jaw, a
quarreling and wrangling all the time
With delight the Devil heard of the fwth
ftil emissary, and Sant her word if she would
1 meet him at the end of the lane, at a certain
‘time, he would pay her the shoes. At .the
appointed time She repaired to the spot, and
found the Devil at the place. He put the
shoes on a pole, and standing on the oppo
i site side of the fence, haBdod them over to
he. She was much pleased with them—
they were exactly the article.
“But there is One thing, Mr. Devil.J would
‘like to have explained ; this is, why you
hand ttieib to me os a suck ?”
“Very easy to explain,’’ replied lie; “any
one who has the cunning and meanness to
do as y-nu have done, don't get nearer than
twenty feet to me." So saving, lie fled in
After a while the old wnuian died, and
when she applied for admittance to the lower
regions the Devil would not let her in, for
fear sire might dethrone him, as she was so
much his superior. So the old woman is
yet condemned to wander the world, creating
q larrtls and strife in peaceful families and
Would you know her name *
It is Madam Scandal. When she died the
young scandals were left orphans, but the
Devil, in consineration of past services done
by the mother, adopted them, and so you
see he is father to that respectable class call
ed scandal mongers.
Header, don't you know some of the
family ?
A lilimpM' ol' our Itroihcrw in
'I he spirit of progress is animating tin.
workingmen of all trades in England even
I more than on this side of the water. The
subject ol manhood suffrage continues to he
agitated, and w ill not be given up till t erv
Englishman will he armed with the ballot
The struggle or wage* also continues, under
efficient and sutcuselul organisations The
dav of strikes and lockout* has not gone by,
.hut these are more sagaciously conducted,
! and oftvner result favorably to labor.
1 The lam don Tithe* of the 3rd instant nays
there is a lockout iu the tailors' trade in
tha* city, in which from l,2u0 to 1,500
woikmen are locked out, and about thirty
two employers have entirely suspended
business. The occasion of the lockout is a
demand for luf advance of wages by the
men, which life employers refuse. To sup
port the men locked out a levy of Is. per
nead was placed on every man in the trade
and cheerfully paid in The men take it
i easy. 1 hey feel that they have made a just
demand, and are determined not to recede
from it The employers seut a special mis
sion over to the continent to raise men ; but
the “operatives' committee" having previ
ously teiegrapUed the state of affairs to the
trade on the Continent, the mission laded
In the meantime the “operatives’ commit tie"
have received calls for men to go to othvi
towua. It is expected that the masters will
i soon-^ield to the pressure, as the order* for
| work at this season ate very numcious and
ine wancnester vmrauut of March 80,
gives an account of a meeting of master
builders, operative bricklayer-, carpenter*
and joiners, and laborers of lLmii lgham,
tield "for the pui p >se of appointing delegates
to act as arbiters under the provisions of
the existing trade rules.” About one thou
and four hundred tepresentauves ol these
trades were present. The Mayor presided,
and a resolution was adopted pledging tin
meeting -"the master builders, «perativ,
bricklayer*, carpenters and joiners, and la
borers of Birmingham to abide by and on
j *onu to all trade regulations which shall be
made and agreed ni bj the delegates we tie
about ts appoint.” The delegates W ere then
Now we have nothing Lke th« ... thl
| country, -we have not got so far a.* concert
of action between employer and employed in
making teg illations for ti-e trade.
The London Tims* of March 30, has sum*
remarks on the philosophy of the new
method of conducting Strikes, with a prog
noatkatiou of the future of labor. It say s
In former times capital used commonly to
beat labor; for the slender resour e* ol the
local trade were son exhausted, and then
tile ir.en liad either tn resume work or starve
But now, while the vast extent and unlimit
ed affiliation of these unions provide almost
inexhaustible funds, the "strike” is confined
to the fewest possible men at one time. We
have seen that 3,d 17 bricklayer* got th*>ir
wages raised by the elforu of only 1M of
their trade. This little band, just a tithe of
the whole body, fought all the battle of the
rest, and, of course, if nine :nen go on work
ing while only one is idle, it is easy enough
for the one to be supported by the mue So
Mr Poole now tolls us that the very men
who have left his shop have gone into other
shops, aud are working there on the very
terms which they refused to accent from him
j bat is only tbe usual course oi operations
The majouty of the society mustu^ede work
in order to support a minority in a “strike"
which really represents the ' v.ile of all; but
as these contests are now managed the out
lay i* very little, while the gauib are large.
The bricklayers calculate that t .ey hare
gnined nearly ££0,ft0<j by an expenditure of*
little more than £300. The carpenters and
joiners confess to an investment of some
£2,000 upon their “trade privileges,” but
the return profit, according to their own
showing, Bust have repaid them ten times
There is another view, too, of the cum.
Supposing that it does take £1,000 or £2,o00
t® sssure a good advance of wages or a re
duction of time in fifty or one hundred
town3, u society like thut of (be carpenters
and joiners could easily pay the amount out
of their reserve without troubling the mrui
hers for a sixpence in contribution. 1/
£300, as hi the case Of the bricklayers, will
do the *0? vbut may not be accomplished
by n reserve of £10,000 »
Let us repeat once more, that wo are not
assuming the demands of the men to have
been unjustifiable. We wish only to point
cut the singular success with which the
working classes haw adopted them ecmbma
tiona to their mm particular politic*, aqd
tits extraordinary power they have acquired.
Dun inference, too, we Buy add ih conclusion,
iBd Itiit to, that if workingmen all through
the country aru thus bettei iug their ioomms
by tan or twenty pvr eenL, their position
M householders must have been bettered
too, and thus their trade mrtons w£U intro
4ue* Liam to th* tUderal ftmatUmi by an
iMmrdd* opsrafim if eo$m.~i-£oeUm Vote*.
A private trial has been made of s new
•how y>at it etui, with lass borse-power than
ordinary river boats, equal them in speed.
The Nautilus, at the trial on Saturday,
started from Vauxhall Bridge Piet at eleven
o’clock in the morning, and run up and
down the Thames in oouipanv with the Citi
sen and other river steamers, and held way
with them steadilv, gaining a little on some.
She ran between Vauxhall and Westminster
Bridges, with wiud and tide, in 4 minutes
26 seconds, and against io 3 minutes 22 sec
onds, being at the rate of 13.5 and 7.2 miles
per hour respectively ; or at an average
speed of 10.35 miles per hour—say lfij.
She then steamed down the rivor, and when
off the Tunnel 1'ier, with both strong wiud
and tide in her favor, going at full speed,
was made to stop suddenly by reversing the
valves. She stopped dead in less than ten
seconds, and in about a quarter her length.
Her Vlijesty’s ironclad gunboat, Water*itch
now being built, is to be fitted with the new
propeller, which is notLing more than water
taken under her bottom, and set in motion
hy simple machinery worked by a steam en
gine. The water is discharged in a heavy
stream on both sides >f the vessel, con<e
quently there is nothing outside the vessel
to be injured by an accident. Another im
portant novelty is that the vessel is quit)
independent her rudder, and is worked
under the complete control of the master,
officers of the watch, or man on deck, with
out any communication with the engine.
1 be Nautilus is also lilted with Ruthven’s
steerinr apparatus, an invention whii-h
gives a largo amount of power to the redder.
— Globe.
• lie lti-ili-.il Irwnclnd ">wrlhnm
The new British ironclad, \\irtfii-hiber
lutul, measures -l1 hi feet in length |w >** f -t
3 inches beam; and it weighs, as it now
stands, 3,000 tou*. .''he is plat d fr-on stem
to stern with 5 t-2-i^'h armor p ates upon
a backing of ft inches of leak. Her carry
ing capacity is j,62l tons. The engines
(made by 1‘en A Co.) arc equal to 1,360
horse-power, with which a speed of sixteen
knots per hour is expected to bo attained.
This ironclad is the largest vessel of its
class; but it has so great a repugnance for
water that all the machinery and -kill that
can be brought to bear upon it cannot moke
it :*•’ 'nge into the '"brine deep.” The I on
don Tima, of April 3. in referring to the
last unsuccessful attempt to launch the iron
clad on the 2d inst., state' . 'ollows : -
“ilverv kind of power known to •icnee was
brought into play—steam-powe,, water
power, horse-power, rupcbanicai-pow-r. Hy
draulic rams were constructed or each side
the vessel, teams of horses w»re harnessed
to chains and pulleys, wLiie at the hows
two great engines borrowed from ancient
fashions were pressed into service. Two
battering rains, exactly lik* those used hr
Titus at the siege of Jerusalem, were each
swung with the force of a hand re-1 men
against the ship for the chance of loesaning
her by the jar, so that with floating, and
lining, and dragging, and driving, it w:i
hoped that the mass must at length he
stirred. But the ship, lute Robinson ‘ru
soe’*, was too heavy to be moved he anv
power whatever. When the bugle sounded,
the horses tugged, and the ] reuses worked,
and the sailors at the capstan cheered, and
th. huge rams thundered ngpinst th*’ ?••*
aid’s stem : but all to no purpose. ‘If vou
I 11 hard enough,’ as the prover say-,
‘s metbing must give wav. but it is not n>
wuys the thing vow want. Something dnl
give way -on Mondav, but it wa* not the
Vi«-//inmheW inf. The onMes snapped un
do* the strain of the lighters, the chains
tiroiii- under ibc pull of the horses, and th
huge limbers were crushed to poyrdi r under
the power of the hydraulic presses, hut th'
gre at ship never budged an in -fa ; where she
previously stuck fast on the 17th of Marc*
her- atn- -n.l Micks.” The Londou Punch.
speak ne of the non aquarian iron* lad m
th. ii- -il iron ical -*tyie of that journal
- iv- *• I leuigti it is dubtful that Sue will
(•rove th • f i- test ironclad adoal, it is a *tix
• I fact’th.it no other vess< 1 eve1- was s«i
JumI Itcfore iMtnersioB—.insert raw Artitan.
I h<* I riul* ol* u Ticket I'lcrh.
V M porter in Now York lias at last been
ohle to i+ wn one vd Mr. John K. trough’s
•m? portable good things, being a passage
from his lecture on “Habit.” Those who
hw«' heard it from the orator’s lips will en
joy the reading of it: those who have pot
must try to imagine some of the speaker's
humor and drooery of nation, which added
so much to the fun of the story, as In* told
it. Mr. Hough said he once sat in :t railroad
station for an hour, and watched h.w civil
the railroad cli rials were, and the ex Lent to
which their civility is taxed, lie listened
to tie following conversation between an
intending passenger and a ticket clerk :
“Hoc* the next train stop at Newton ?”
“No, sir; it is the Express train.”
“Don’t the Express train stop there ”
“No, sir; it goes past.”
“Ilow mack is the fare?”
“One dollar aud tewnty-hve cents.”
“When will tin -ext truin go that stop*
at Newton <•”
“At four o’cloes.”
‘•Why don v the Express stop there‘r’’
‘•Because it goes right th-ough.”
“Does it never stop there?”
“No, sir; ■ever.”
“Will the traiu (hat starts at four o’clock
stop there?”
‘‘Yea, *ix.”
“Thera ia ms danger of it* going past
without Mopping is there i ”
“No, sir.”
“It ian’t the Express train that goes at 4
o’clock, u it S'”
“No, air.”
“Conldn’l the Express train just aa well
•top aa not
“No, air.”
“Why don’t it Vf
“iWt know, sir.”
“Wil tins ticket taka me to Newton ?”
j “Yes, air.”
| “I>oan the train atop anywhere between
here an<l Newton <•”
“No, eir.”
“1 eoalaa’t get of anywhere for a few
minutee, eowid 1 f”
“No, air.”
“What time daw the train start
“Four o’clock, air.”
“Ii will be awe to start on time, will it.”
“Clerk—{angrily)—'“Yea, sir.”
, Traveler—"null, ye might be civil.”
Rnceiittp Mr. Thomas Linhmno, of Stock
ton, (funnell> manager of the Milibaok
forge. Hart-warren, now in partnership with
bin brother,) delivered n lecture on strike*,
at Hartlepool, in the course of which be
said, to atrike lor the shortening of the
hours of labor, puts short hours iurther
off tfum tier. Tht wi? to core low wage*
wak for workingmen io hoard up money and
become themselves the employers of labor,
ktjras don# is co-operative societies, and
limited liability companies. The lecturer
instanced the gnat effects of the Rochdale
Co-operative Society, and what had arisen
from two-pence a week collected among
twenty-eight weavers. The annual profits
of that society, now more than thirty tears
old, were £3,0n0. Tee total ism was also a
tremendous he'p in this matter of doin
away with strikes. But the worst of ail
these matters was a lock-out. lie was e»i
tireH opposed to at. ike*; hut still inure
deadly against a lock-out. It was not for a
raising of the number of the hours of !a(.or
that a loek-out occurred; but a pint of
vengeance actuated the man who locked Lk
employees out. Trade s.Kteiios w -uld lie
lierietii mi if they would neither recognixu
‘atnkes” nor “lock-outs.” .Mr. ndy, tli
workmen in the iron ship building yards of
this district had lost over i .’,•**>, which
would forever ho lost to th. m and te he dis
trict. If the men -aveil the money expend
ed in strikes, they would be able to s,;art
concerns of their own.—'(ftV America
Sctr-coHCEiT is about as uricotnf r lab! • a
seat as a man can have G.r a steady thin .-.
Aw old bachelor says the most dill u
surgical operation is to take the jaw -ut i:
a woman.
It is said that one of th proofs of the in
surrection of Jamaica was, that a great ’..any
negroes were “Tiding around the country
looking black.”
“I’a,” said a lad to his father, “l oft n
read of people poor but honest; why don't
they sav rich but honest ?”
“Tut, tut, my son,” said the father, “no
body would believe them.”
A Mkh hast being asked to define t.
•cutting of experimt’ntal and mu ual ( lit
opby, said lib considered tin first to lie
ing a man to discount a bill at a long da
and the second his refusing to do u.
Wur s you eat au orange in the street put
the peel 10 your pocket; it ha^ an agreeable
smell, and w hen dry w ill light a tire. By
this use uf the orange peel, ii vi*!l m n r
cause a tall or break a limb.
Tua question, does getting drunk ever a 1
vanee one’s happiness V would seem to b i
put to rest by the lrisl.ii.an wi. > w.n <• ut
log when drunk, and was a-kid what j ie
ure he found in whisky? “(», Nellv, if a
(rate iniirely to see two of your swale purt
laces instead of one.”
A Fkixow having imbibed rather fro h,
took it into bis head that he eoul i tiy. and,
tu get a c od position, ascended sign post
and started Hi was asked ne day as to
how h* liked flying. “O,’ ^a.d he, “it's
nothing to tiy , the lighting is the hardest
part of the operation.”
A owmiav at the opera, the other night,
I n sounding the praises of a new opera glass
which ho nad just purchased, said, *‘V\ by,
j bless yout soul, it brings the ladies on the
[ opposite sine o| the house so near that 1 can
Muell the musk oa their peek t uidk r
! chiefs, and hear the beating of their dear nt
! t’.e hearts.”
t I ^ a • .
I ** ivvc!!, uiigiti-. u i i i »r
year*, on a visit out evening, was being
i helped to ihe knee of a gentleman ft ml,
I and on being told by her mother that she
1 wa? too iarze a baby to hold, retorted a!
j most iui,uodiat*'.y, accompanying iter words
j with at, emphatic gesture, “Why, girls nine
i teen years old ,-ot on laps, and yon w ildu’t
j 'all them holu.\, would you?”
! As orator in appealing to the “l.nne -t
j sinew, said —“Mr friends I am p- u.1 to
j see around toe ie-night tiie hardv v.nmjtirx
jot t!,e land, lot I lov< tit n.-ii >n oral in
I terests of the country , and w 11 mat i l„v
j them, fellow citizens, f.,r I wi- i .irn a
j laiutet ; tiie happiest days of mv Vosith wen
| -pent in the |kwix(uI avocations id the son of
| the soil, ll l uiay l«e allowed to ti'i i
(figurative expression, uiy friends I nun s4
; l was raised between two rows .1 . n.
“A pumpkin, by thunder !” exclaiiue-, an
inebriated chap, just in front I th • slag
ciuNiriCAXT.—The tailors of Iyomb an !
England are on a strike tor highei wag'
Tiie employers sent to France, th-ruiany and
Belgium f.i women to take the pi ax - ;uc
old hands But in every t mi on the con
tinent of Europe the employers' agents w • re
confronted with associations that svtnp.i
thised With the London journeymen, and
not a man would he found to take the ex i bi
tant wages oirered by the employers, tempt
rarity, to break down their men.
We commend this fact and the ! s.- n il
teaches to the thoughtful ronsulerati >n ol
the whole Itoly of A men an Workmen.
Tint naval fleet of the Spaniards hive
bombarded the important Chilian seaport of
Valparaiso, destroying from $12,0uo,uii» to
worth ol buildings and other
property, much of w hich belonged to British,
American and other foreign residents I ic
city had no means of defense, not a gun nor
a vessel. Thu Spanish war ships puttied
their missiles into the very heart ol the 1-.
fenceless city for over three hours. It was
a wanton and barbarous asaau't upon a de
fenceless town. There were British, United
States and French war vessels there, hut
ihey refused to interfere, tbonyh those of tho
United States and France would have done
so if the British Admiral bad joued them,
which ho declined to do.
A Fact Woktu Paixnso.—At a second
class hotel in Frankford, Ky., a few davs
-luce, a little girl entered the bar-room, aiid
m pitiful tones, told the bar-keeper that
her mother hod seat her there to got eight
right cents, said the bur-keeper.
“Y’V*, sir,” said the child.
“What does your mother want with eisrot
cents ? I don’t owe her anything.”
“Well,” said the child, “father spends ad
hi* money here for mm, and we have noth
ing to eat to-day. Mother wants to buy a
loaf of bread.”
A loafer suggested to the bar-keept r to
kick the brat out.
“No,” said the bar-keeper, “I’ll give her
mother the money; and if her father ever
comes hank here again I’ll kick him out.”
Such a circumstance never happened be
fore and may never happen again.—Hu
manity owes that bar-keeper, u vote of
An Old Man’s Annex.—Never attempt to
strike the guilty where, by the misdirected
or too hasty biewr, the innocent, 'he gallant,
ao<l the good may suffer. Never attempt to
expose a villain if your efforts in so dumx
are likely to injure those who have been iho
unsuspecting dopes of his artifice. Never
wager more Chau you carry in your pocket.
Never shake hands with a man if > ou are
not really glad to so^iim. Never forg> t,
when you meet, to recognize your friends,
and be even more careful to offer your salu
tations to those that sre poor. Never run
extravagantly into debt, for it is the by-pain
which leads to moral destruction. Never
quarrel without a sufficient cause, but if it
be necessary that you do take up a quarrel,
theu see that yoa quarrel firmly to an end.
Never betray the confidence of any one, hot
particularly that of a woman.

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