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The workingman's advocate. [volume] (Chicago [Ill.]) 1864-1877, May 05, 1866, Image 2

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S hf Vwfetaattum* 3Uto
('ijjlcia) Orpim rAr And*, Ant fflBtiupmJ
fnimnt (rear Haioarav. BV
135 South Clark Street, Chicago,
(Between Madison and Macros gta.)
burscrzptxom mats:
3i» Copy, pwr year, dtttvarad (to adeanca).ft 0
On# Copy, aU Bi .nth*. “ •• . 1 00
(JUjM < «** cnfutttnd* a .>nn.)
»w Sqdar»,Br»| |.**r..__.TO Cable
H ft S-jBwr*. third ► . fowrlB pa*c»...T... 60 C*uM
A ,coral .lowat Made ta ywariy and SsHyiarly
ad * ertiaen
Loral Nof <■«* IniertaC at the rat* of tweaty cantepar
line for mat aatrttau, and dtVaaa cawts par lin* for each
u«nt luaeriiuu.
? KiWt) Notice*, par year . ...$10 00
Mir JOB PRINTIN’,), ol erery dearrlpUoB, executed U
a aupetior manner at rti» oIBce of tbtr paper.
OJ- Aidreer all communit etlona to A. C. r.MBoa,
Tool Oflftc,' IV vlvtt, CLIcuku. 111.
Ki*nl llourta l.i-gul Day’s Work.
~ lunoiAi.
Tie office of the Wobunomab’o AbvocaTz
has been removed to No. 135 Sooth Clark
Street, Morrison's Block, Room 6, third floor,
between Madison and Monro* streets.
We publish to-day the official report of
the proceedings of the llrat session of the
Grand Eight Hour Leagua of the State of
1 inois, which wo trust will b« read with
inter -t and pleasure by every friend of the
movement Although a little conceasion
v an required at its organization, the spirit
manifested througnoht its deliberations testi
hi i U> the fa- 1 that the success of the move
ment was the paramount issue with every
ri .ivcicniativc. In fact it has never been
on privilege ;o participate in the discussions
• f i y body, where a greater unanimity of
lent incut prevailed, or a willingness to tac
t ti •• personal preference, fqr, the general
good, was more generously illustrated. So
lot-: as these feeling* a tuate the great bodr
of thi* working classi- , our success is simply
a question of tune, ai.d we hope the day is
tar distant when a ditWent teeling will con
trol our coun^l*.
The L igue has bean peculiarly fortunate
in its si ' on of officers, as the gentlemen
elected without exception, eminently
qiial II for their respective positions, corn
b ng the itcuiive ability, the honesty oi
> '•■.!' .cter h d fidelity to principle demanded
by ihoat occupy 'ig their position, we feel
assured they will peiform their duties in &
manner which will reflect credit both on
themselves and the cause with which they
are ide> rifled. *
Ia looking over vhe report, however, our
'carters must not expect too much from the
tirst effort. The corner mono has been but
laid, the *uperstru lure has yd to be erect
ed : though they may rest assured as “Revo
lutions nevir go backwards,” the men who
l ave taken this malUr in har.u are deter
•aired that their efforts shall £tvt-r be re
laxed till the goal of their ambition is lemeh
ed, and a law making eight hours a legal
day’s work is placed upon the statues of
At some future time, we shall refer more
particularly to some of the measures which
e 'rosi-td the attention of the Convention.
W e would impress on our reader* the im
por. ice of a unity of purpose and a unity
of a ion in the labor movement. What l&Lor
nee a is not special grants of legislative
favors, but simple, even-handed justice,
livery form of the labor internet must be
fail v and fully repre*ented. fu the labor
movement, to ignore any of the great ob
stacle* which lie in our pathway and which
wt hinder our success, is not wise. The
m tit to eight hours for a legal days* work
inav be justly demanded as a necessity of
man’s moral, intellectual and physical na
ture. f pen this ground alone the demand
should he granted But in a pecuniary
point of view the claim is equally well
founded. Labor produeee the wealth ; why
sii >uld it not he rewarded with its posses
sion ? No good reason can be shown why
this should not be the case, yet no honest
mun will contend‘that laborers as a class
Lav, an overabundance of this world’*
t ■ -'Is. On the contrary, candid men will
i, lit that laborers as a class do Dot receive
anything lik®» fair share of the products of
kie . tell. V'by then should not an earnest
e(T< t be made to attain bo desirable an end?
All disinterested persons will admit that
th* object is .* worthy or.e. But it is said
that the eight hour movement will not pro
mote this object; that men can scarcely get
& iving by working ten hour* a dey, much
less can they do *o at eight. Then it is
claimed the', the laborers a* a class are im
provident, that they do nyt calculate Wwli
besides ; that unless tue pay is reduced it,
will be doing great injustice to tbeir cm-!
plover*. If the misfortune of the laborer is
in his want of t alcul'ition, eight hours will
give him an opportunity to improve that.
If it lies in the direction of u legal advan
tag or over-calculation on the part of
others, it ’..ill have also a tendency to cor- j
reel that evil.
And unless it can be sbowa that laborers^
bate in ire th..n their Bhare of what theyj
earn, it cannot well be proved that they geti
too uur-h bv receiving the same for eight
hours’ lauor as they now receive for ten.
Now, let those gentlemen who are such apt
scholars and so well skilled in figure*, ahow
if they c..u, that by reducing labor to eight
hours per day, and paying the same as now
paid, that any injustice will be done. If
they cannot do this, then let us hear no
mure of laborers getting p*j for work not
performed. If the laborer* are increased
in number ona-tifth, would not that be a
public benent; and is it reasonable to con
clude that with such an additional fore* of
m u that no more wot* will be done than
w.tb one-fiftb leas at ten hour* per day ?
But by wbnt authority Ha* one man the
right to say to another, you shall labor ten
hour* per day, it is for your advantage, and
wiil be u great public injury to do other
wise? Who created these m*n judge*?
Why may not the laborers say to these capi
talism, airs, it improve* my health to work
eight tours, it will improve your*. Ft
ud the jmHm df ten hpttrs labor.
tka«*«1t.oi tLoymrt^tXkM. hlm
anything but satisfactory. The m*m*m bate
done the work art the few have reaped He
benefit*. The radactieai ef the ham of la
bor, the learning of interest and thereby
increasing the rewards of industry, are
among the most efficient mean* which oaa be
employed for the elevation and redemption
of labor; and the heat evidence that oaa ho
ofered to shew that this period is rapidly
approaching, is the fact that the laborers of
eitiee are organising. Let the work be
thoroughly dowe, art is* it extend through
out the eoantry. Capitalists are organised,
and have bee* for sea turves ; and if the ef
forts of the workingmen are looked upon
with contempt by tbeee overgrown monopo
list*, let them persevere ia perfecting their
organizations, and in the end they will
tub itewiHi itowrva
At moat of oar renders are aware an asso
ciation of seamstresses, known aa the "Sew
ing Women's Protceiiv* Union,” war organ
ised in this city in the month of August,
18bfi, in which a deei of interest waa taken
by the various trades' unions. At the for
mation of its constitution the writer of this
artiele urged the adoption of a section limit
ing its membership to persona under 45 years
of age. Other counsels prevailed, and those
too advanced in years to earn a living bv
I sewing in any establishment were admitted
i into a society the object!, of which they
were disqualified to comprehend. The re
i suit might easily be predicted No sooner
was a little money placed in the treasury,,
through the exertions of the younger mem
tiers, than those who lout been au incubus
on the society since its organization were'
anxious tq know whether such funds were
not to be used for the t enefit of the meui
j bera—that .s appropriated for iheir especial
' use. So long ms ihe ruee*iiig-> were well at'
! tended these designs were mvaiiably frus
,’rated, but eventually <h< interest lagged,
{and taking advantage of . iat fact, thirteen
| malcontent* met on FnJry evening, April
|-7th. and by a fvriual v >w removed both
President and Snperintci deni, which fact
was published with an evident gusto ir sorur
of our city papers. Although vt ware per
fectly satisfied to await developments, at the
earnest request of several friends we sent
the following ommunication to the Tribune
and liepubii.au, who kindlv published it,
and as a statement of the whom altair is
given at length, we cannot do better than,
transfer it to our own /olumns :
My attention having been called to a state
ment in Friday morning's ia»a«t .u regard to
the reported a*'uon of the Seeing Women's
Union, which is incorrect in every respect,
i hope you will give publ.city tu the follow
iag tacts, which can be corroborated by in
disputable testimony. At the organisation
of ibe Association, it was designed to make
it simply what it name implied— a protective
uniou ; that is, by uniting the sewing
women, aid them tu obtaining more that
the scanty pittance too ofteu allowed in our
large manufacturing establishment*. Al
though the auspices iindei which it was or
ganised wort mi that could be desired, it
was not 1 >tig before a "ml induence devel
oped ifself, some uieir' ere ejecting to be
lieve that by simply paying an initiation fee
of fifty cent.4. the Society was ct m pel led to
furni-b lb m «mpl *oiriit, or support them.
One Superintendent was required, and a
dozen aspitauts were anxious lor the posi
tion, many of whom, 1 hate been credibly
informed, were incompetent to till even the
duties of a common »eanisf ress. The selec
tion, W‘*h which I had >iotbingvto do, was
made by the Executive Committee, among
win m were Mrs. Bradwell, Mrs. Sutou, Mrs.
Lootnis, and Mrs. heeler, ladies well and fa
vorably -uuwn to the philanthropic public
of Chicago. No s oner was this person in
stalled than several charge* were brought
against her. Desiring to sift tne matter
thoroughly, 1 appointed n committee to in
vestigate them, and though that committee
was composed in part of her a cuaers, it was
unanimously reported that the books were
correct in every respect. Sho'.Iy after,
these charges were renewed, and in such a
manner as to confirm a suspicion, loug en
tertain «1, that jealousy and personal malice
were the actuating motives. The result was
that the most efficient m> miters of the So
ciety left in disgust, preferring to sever
their :ounec.ica then assemble merely for
the purpose of listening to the venom and
bickering of a lew malcontents. A corrobo
ration of this statement is f>>und in the fact
that at the meeting held on Friday evening
lost, the so.e representatives of a Society
which formerly numbered oyer 2(>i members,
consisted of thirteen persons, nearly all of
whom were over a), or under 13 years of
age; aud tha' 1 have been frequently urged
to call a meeting for the purpose of '‘■zyeUing
three sart - uuiivtdiuiU, but have invariably
declined so to do.
While 1 was desirous of advancing, to tha
beat of,iny ability, in *jy manntr, the in
terest of this much neglected class, 1 was
unwilling to persecute one whom 1 bad
every reason to believe was an efficient of
ficer and a worthy lady, merely to gsatify
the animosity of a clique who bad evidently
conspired to injure her in any possible man
ner. That 1 am Dot alone in this opinion,
the Indies referred to can testify. In taking
this course i have simply done what /con
sidered my imperative duty, and which I
should do again under similar circumstances,
regardless of consequences.
With respect to my having been removed
from the position of President, 1 would sim
ply state that my term expired in the month
of Mkrch, since which no dk 'ting has been
held, as 1 hi d little interest in attending the
deliberations of a Society which might have
proved a blessing Lch to its member* and
the public in general, iat whose objects hau
been perverted, and whose usefulness had
been virtually destroyed. So far, however,
from refusing to call it meeting as soon as 1
learned it was tbe desire, even of a portion
of the Society, that one should be held, I
waited on Mrs. Fuller, the Vice-President,
and requested her to attend, as 1 was unable1
to do so by a previous engagement.
In conclusion, I would state that the
charge made that no report of the tinanciei
condition of the Society has ever been pre
sen ted, is unqualifiedly false. A defiled
statement was given to and adopted by the
Society, after Prof. McCoy’s readings, by
the late Treasurer, Mrs. Brad web. Since
that time, although it was certainly mt my
province to prepare any report, I frequently I
and publicly urged upon tbe Secretary to do
so, and p>- seating tbe saw, as aooa a* pos
sible. Two Secretaries baring left the city
without fulfilling that Suit/, tbe receipts and
books were placed by me in tbe hands of tbe
Superintendent, with instructions to present
the same to the Society at its Bret meeting
Aa 1 sec, however, a committee baa haw ap
pointed to impact them, I would state that
l have every confidence ia t'ie honor and in
tegrity of the gentlemen selected, and that
Judge BradweU, at my earnest sotteHation,
has kindly consented to accept the petition.
Regretting that the repreaeaufaofta made
have compaiad meId state these uitpleaaA
truths, ’ \\
I remain, yours respectfully,
A. 0. Pi^
Wean r> thsLAwn.—Owing to fibe in
araaaa at emigration from the Anthem
couutiee of Ireland, Ike wage* for farm fa
borere have lately reached the highest 2* irt
ever at. vn in Kerry—twelve ahillinge to
fifteen shillings sterling a week with board.
In many parts of the sauntv of Cork the
rate ia tea shillings, and as emigration con
tinue* aa brisk aa ever, labor is likely to
oommand this price generally. For twenty
yean there has not been such emigration
from the port of Drogheda.
* silts.—The stevedores in Philadelphia
an ou a strike for a half a day's work when
ever the job is finished under that time.
Heretofore the practice has been to P*J
them for a quarter-day's work for all small
periods, but they now demand a half-day’s
All won workers in Mobile, commencing
April 3, work but eight hours a day
A co-orskATiva store is to be established
at Taunton, Maas.
Tub millers of Brandywine, Pa, have in
itiated a movement for the formation of a
National Union, and want the millers ol
iroy to form a local uaion.
Tub Trades' Unions in Portland, Me., are
about organising a Trades’ Assembly, and
have scut to Troy for instructions.
Tub Wallers Association in New York, at
theu last meetiug, unanimously donated one
hundred dollars to aid the painters n their
eight hour strike.
Ths mason laborer* of Jersey City are on
a strike for #2.60 per day. It is supposed
that they will either receive the demand or
compromise on #2.25
1'ue Machinists' aiid Blacksmiths’ Union,
(No. 11,) of Roxbury, wlncp surrendered its
charter recently, has formed a new organi
sation independent of tha National Union.
l'ue recent strike of the sash and blind
makers of New York, is proving successful,
sixteen of the employers, after holding out a
Week, having complied with the request of
their workmen for an advarsct in wages.
/ Ar a recent meeting of the Cohoes brick
layers aud Plasterers Union—taking into con
sideration the fact that a large number of in-:
experienced hoys i,not apprentices) are being
hired by employers to ladi preparatory In
plaatenug, and onsidenng the same an in
fringement of their rights—*it was unani-j
mously 'solved not to plast er where such'
lathing lias been done, nor to plaster over
lathing except that dona by regular work
men or apprentices of the trade. \
Th* journeymen shipwrights or New York |
city publish a card to merchai ita and ship
masters, in which they say : 4 ‘Hoping that
you wil, consider that we hav» done your
work heretofore, and that we are as capable
of dcing the work now as ever, tlferohire we
would most respectfully ask a iWir trial,** I
That s the talk.
Asothib Union haa been add Id to the
trgamzalion of co&chmakers. out having
been organized on tha lttth mat., a t Boston,
by the President of the Internationa B Union,
'Vtn. Harding.
The journeyman painters of Ne m York
continue to bold out in their a a ike for eight
iiours. A party of them have been employ
ed and are working upon tha Eig. kt Hoar
system, but the majority are without, vork.
lliey have issued an appeal to tha p Sinters
it the l nueil Suites to help them thro; agh to
the establishment of the system, a. id we
trust their call for assistance will not g ju un
heeded. Subscriptions may he sent to -P J.
Hart, No. 12b Tenth avenue, New York
Official Nererd ef Uae fiare N*
The first regular meeting ol the Eig $»t
t*o '.eagues of the State of Illinois, eu n
rened in the council chamber of the city < it
Chicago, on Wednesday morning, May 2« U
The Convention was called to order b’ t
Hr A. C. Cameron, who, in a very eioquen t
ipeech, stated the object* of the Convention,
>ut on •ttempting'to proceed with business,
he question arose a* to the legality of the .
Grand League’s existence, when, after con
siderable discussion it waa decided to form a
new Grand League,
It was ti\»« resolved that Mr. W..0. Hewitt,
of Oaleabprg, ha elected temporary chairman,
and to Thomas Whitley, of Chicago, «cre
Or motion, a committee on credentials
was appointed, L consul of one
from each league.
4>n motion, the meeting adjourned to
meet at 3 o’clock. P. M.
The meeting waa ealled to order at half
past three o’clock, by the President, who
called for the reading of minutes of previous
meeting, which on motion were adopted.
After a few remarks relative to the business
before the Convention from the President'
the follow'ng brethren were appointed a
'oaniuittee on credentials:
D. W. oung, Aurora; P. McPherson,
3rd Ward; P. S. Robinson, 7th Ward; P.
Tun:stand, Elgin ; Wut. Hartley, Blooming
ton ; S. D. White, Centralis; K. Galloway,
Amboy ; D. H. Blayter, Batavia; C. Child,
ftth Ward ; Q. Darting, 4th Ward; J. Pack
or,Sandwich; P. Davis, bth Ward; A. C.
Cameron, 1st Ward.
On motion the CommittM decide the ratio
of representatives to the Convention. Car
The Oommittee made the Whtring report:
Bra, Young made a mottos that the ratio
be fixed at one representative for e vary fifty
members. ■ „
Bro. Robinson qato an amendment that
the representation be ft&d at one for sv»ry
one hundred, whfob waa cniTied 9 to 6, ,
Bro. Robipvui moved that the repreaant
■lion be oae for out hundred or but, and
mm for every fraction over tqrantr-QTV
which waa carried. ,
Ob motion Urn Birat Ward waa eatiftwM*
M* t|-gTl1-. > i
0* **t?fl* **• BMtolifM1 tor
titled tc « vote, be invited to a aeat in the
Convention (Signed,)
*ff # *>oa»;Ga*o«»’t, 3tfy.
fhe fbllowiwg gentlemen went theft da
dated* far med to sea* as debate*;
A. C. CaoMron, P. McPherson, K. J. Bar
re’t, Wm. Taylor, Tm. Sutton, (? Darling,
If. Dubach, P. S. Robinson, P. Markey, C.
Child, and T. Whitley, of Chicago; W. Vin
ter, J. H. Snell, Dadd lliff, J, D. Hall, Geo.
Rogers, b. W. Youhg, and /. Gilson, of
Aurora; P. Townsend, Elgin : W. Hartley,
Bloomington ; S, D. While, Centralia; E.
Galloway, Amboy K D. H. Slayton, Batavia;
J. Packer, Sandwich , Wim. 0. Hewitt,
On motion the report was accepted and
On motion of Bro. Gilson, it waa resolved
than no>delegate should occupy the floor
more than five minutes at a time, and shall
not be s lowed to speak twice on any ques
tion Until all the delegates have had an op
portunity to express their opinion.
On motion of Bro. Young, it was resolved
that a committee of thiee be appointed on
permanent organisation Bro. D. W. Young,
Aurora, P. S. Robinson, 7th Ward, and J.
D. White, Centralis, were appointed such
On motion a committee of three be ap
pointed to draft an initiatory ceremony and
installation. David lliff, Aurora; K. J.
Barrett, 4th Ward, and Wm. Hartley,
Bloomington, were appointed such committee
On motion of Bro. Rjbinson it was resolv
ed that we proceed to elect officers to-mor
row morning at 10 o’clock.
On motion of Bro. A. C. Cameron, >t wssj
resolved that a committee ol tiiree be ap |
pointed to draft a resiluTon expressive of i
the sense of this Convention on the matter
of Convict Labor . Bros. A. C. Cameron, E.
Galloway, and J. C. Packer, were ap
pointed auch committee.
The Convention then adjourned to meet
Thu.-.Jay morning. May 3rd, at 9 o'clock.
Thomas Whitlsv, Secretary.
Tiubsoa* Mobnti/i, May 3d.
The Convention was called to order ai ^
half-past nine o'clock, by the President
On motion the committee appointed act
with reference to examining the credentials
which have or may be presented to the
On meiion l .s'ness was suspended in
order to gi’t the committee time to examine!
the credentials of Bros. James Barry of the:
6th Ward, and John Mack of Freeport.
Business was again resumed when the i
committee reported having examined the
credentials of Bros Barry and Mack, and
find them clear, ami declare them entitled
to seats in the Convention.
The report of the committee was accepted j
and adopted, and the names placed on the i
Hat of delega'es.
The minutes of previous meeting were
rea 1 and approved.
Report of committee on permanent organ
ization was accepted, and taken up by sec
tion for sdoptibn.
The following is the Conatitution re
The committee on permanent organization
reported the following constitution for the
government of the grand league, which was
considered section by section and adopted
This association shall be known as the
Grand Eight Hour League of Illinois.
The object of the Grand League shall be
to agitate the subject of the reduction of the
hours of labor throughout the state of Illi
nois, by the distribution of tracts, tbe circu
lation of petitions, the holding of public
meetings, and the employment of public
speakers, and sueh other methods of agna
tion as the league shall from time to time
time find necessary. Its objects shall also
be to organize, under duly authorized depu
ties, eight hour leagues in all the cities,
towns and wards in the state, subordinate
to, and under the jurisdiction of the Grand
league, for the purpose of securing the legia 1
lative enactment of a law, making ‘‘eight
hours a legal day’s work" througuout^fee
" Members of the Grand League shall con
sist of delegates duly elected from the sub
ordinate leagues of the state of Illinois.
Each representative, prior to taking his
seal in the Grand League, must be provided
with written or printed credentials of his
election thereto, bearing the seal of the
league, duly signed and attested by the pre
sident and recording secretary of the league
be represents, of which he must be s mem
The Grand League shall meet on tbe first
Mondays of March and September in each
year at such place as they shall decide on
. It the close of each meeting.
The ot&oers of tbe Grand League shall A*
a . president, vice-president, secretary and
t teasurer, to 1m deleted at the first meeting
ii i March, and serve for one year.
The president shall perform all the duties
co nunoa to presiding officers in the Grand
lee *ue. He shall appoint in each sub-league
a i spot;, who shall be authorised to insti
tul a subordinate leagues in towns and cities
in . his immediate vicinity. The leagues in
stil uted in all cases to pay the expense?.
T be vice-president thall perform the du
ties of president in bis absence, or when
cells, d upon by the*, offioer; and, in case of
reaig nation or death of the president, the
vice-j ^resident shall perform fhe duties until
us ele ction of a president
The secretary shall keep an accurate1 ae
count of the proceedings of all meetings of
the Gr and League; he shalf carry on the
neceasi *y correspondence between the sub
ordinate > leagues a«u the Grand League, ;tnd
such ott ter correspondence as directed'; be
shall faT oish a statement of the subordinate
leagues t • the meetings of the Grand League
iaad toth * various subordinate leagues • he
shall kee- p an exact financial account of aU
moneys v eceived and expended by him. also
of all a wounts between each subordinate
league a nd the Grand league • he shall have
ieharge • if the grand seal, and all property of
the Gr; uid league not otherwise provided
tar. ,
- The treasurer shall receivo all moneys
fret* t*«e secretary for tbe use. of the Grand
giving his receipt therefor; his shall
pviy all orders when July drawn, and shall
give sack bonds as the Grand league shall
The grand preaid ent shall issue a charter
for an Eight-Hour league, when applied for
by acren Or* wore persons, an o( whom, -moat
bo men of good morel character, an d w« *k
ragmen in (Me ordinary acceptation of th«
Rack au^rdinaU league ahaU aaake a
cjuartetlv return of .«* membership. Sak»
0P<M **" ** *°a~
the Grand League, .shall be disfranchised in
thaferdild League during It* JdMMure.:
■neb subordinate league twu«t here a seal,
an4 a'l eomaeunicatiena or documents to the
Gwd League, or any subordinate league,
lOUsTbe stamped therewith.
Eaeh subordinate league sW bear and
be known by a distinctive number, in nu
merical order according to the date of or
Each subordinate league shall be entitled'
to one representative far every 100 members
or less, and one for fractions over 25.
Each sub-league shall pay to the Grand
League for a charter, not less than $5
Each sub-league shall par to the Grand
League on the drat Mondays in March and
September, the sum of 10 cents for every
member on its books.
No league shall be entitled to a represent
ation in tbe Grand League who ere in ar-|
rears to the Grand league.
Other funds, needed to defray* the ex
pen&cs of the Grand League, shall be by a
monthly capitation tax of such sum as th<-,
Grand League at it° semi annual session
shall determine.
The secretary shall receire such donations (
and contributions as may be offered to be
used for the objects of the league.
1 he constitution of the Grand League 1
shall not be altered, unless a proposition to
alter shall be made in writing specifying the
alteration, at w hich time two-thirds of the
rotes shall be necessary to adopt such
1 lie president shall appoint a committee
c* live members, who shall constitute an ex
ecutire and finance committee.
Tiro president shall appoint a committee
of three as a coni mitt tee on credentials.
On motion it was resolred that the eon
titution as read and amended, be adop^u as
a whole.
Uu motion business was suspended until!
the committee examine the credentials of I
Bros. Lee, of the tilth Ward, and Licbtner.'
of the loth Ward. Business was again re
sumed when the committee rejmrted haring
examined the credentials of Bros. Lee and
Lichtner, and found them dear, and declare
them entitled to seats in the -Convention
Thev also reported having examined the i
credentials of Mr. Lamptnan, and decided
that they were not sufficient to entitle him
to a seat in the (Jouvention, hut would re
commend his case to the Convention for
farther action, when after c,3nsiderable dis
cussion the matter was, on motion, laid upon
the labia.
On motion, we proceed to elect officers
Bros. Hewitt and t'ameroo haring been
placed in noiuina' on, for President, Bro.
i 'araeroti declineo and moved lhat Bro.
Hewitt he elected by acclamation, which mo
tion was unanimously carried.
The ballots were then ordered for# Vice
President when Bro. Edgar Galloway was
do diked elected, and on motion it was de
clared to be unanimous.
Ballots were then ordered for Secretary,
when Bros. Barrett and Whiiiey were an
nounced as candidates. Bio. Whitler hav
ing received a majority of votes cast, was
declared elected, when on in&tion it was re
solved that it be unanimous.
Ballots were then ordered for Treasurer,
when Bros G. Darling and P. S. Robinson,
were announced as candidates. Bro. Robin
son having received a majority ot votes cast,
he was declared elected, when on motion,
the vote was declared unanimou,.
On motiod the Convention aJjo-imed to
meet at half-past two o'clock, P. M.
Thomas Wbitlat, v.\
The Convention was called to order at 3
o’clock, P. M., the President, Mr. Wtu. O.
Hewitt, in the chair.
The minutes of previous meeting were
read, and on motion adopted
Report of committee on Permanent Organ
ization was received, ard on moli.u a-i p»ed.
The following is the report
That we adopt as the preamble f. r sub
ordinate leagues constitution the one printed
in book called “Grand and Subordinate Con
stitutions of the Right Hour League," which
on motion was adopted. Also, that the first
chapter of the constitution of subordinate
leagues as printed in the above book be
adoptetj entire, which on motion etas adopt
ed. Also, that the second chapter in said
constitution be adopted entire, which on
motion was adopted Chapter 1H, Sec. 1st,
was altered to read as follows Tha officers
of the League shall consist of a President,
Vice President, a Recording, Corresponding
and Financiai Secretary, and Treasurer, who
shall be elected quarterly at their first
meeting in March, .June, September and De
cember, and who shall discharge the duties of
their offices until the inst.dlation of their
Sec. 2d was recommended to be adopted
entire, which on motion was adopted. Sec
id, to be akered and the line which reads
: “At the request of the executive council,”
, be stricken out and made to read “at the
written request of any five members of the
league.” On motion adoptad.
That Sec. 4, 5, 6 and 7 be adopted entire.
On motion adopted. In Sec. H, it was re
commended that tbe word “Council"' be
stricken eut and tbe word “League" insert
ed', and would recommend tbe adoption of
the entire section as altered. On motion
ad opted.
Chap. 5th, racoon meiutod as printed in
co nstitorioo, which on iqption was adopted.
Tbe following is the Preamble and Con
stitution as adopted for the subordinate
Leagues :
Tbe purpose ef the Eight Hoar League of
Ulinoia U to carry an a wide spread and a
vigorous public agitation of the question of
r wincing tbe hours ef labofto an uniform
standard of eight per day. Tbe support of
the agitation is to be defrayed by the Sub
ordinate Leagues, and by rolanterr contri
butions from those interested in tbe attain
ment of tbe object. Tbe object of this
League, while furnishing its quota of the
support for tbe defrayal of the State agita
tion, will akeo be to sustain a local agitation
bv distributing tracts and circulating peti
tions and holding public meetings ; and, in
order to make the agitation effective, the
duty of the League will he to operate upon
tho local politics, as affecting the election of
Boavscratativoo to thu Stake Legislature,
■ad to I'nsgl i is. who must he pledged to
support the enactment of a lam, that “Eight
Hours ahull coaotituto a legal day’s work”
throughout Ike State lUlnoio sad la tho
jhSEHKJb. _
* tmu Aaxmtetton shall bo kagwa by the
.SO. ** ft; T ILLCfftlS.*
*“CW objee* f ** *§U * tei
nlfo tDgptber alt person» suitable f< r mem
bcrahip, abo ara desirous to work in uou
cart, for tbs reduabon in tbe Hour* of La
bor to Eight par day throughout tbe State of
Illinois, tn all planes of State employment,
and in all corporations chartered under its
laao, by the legislative enactment of a lav
making “Right Hoar* a legal day’s work.”
Tbe member* of this League shall consist
of persons of good moral character, who are
sincerely in favor of ita object, and wbo
will voluntarily obligate themealves to
abide by the lavs and diaiaiona of the Grand
League and of this League, and who shall
sign thia Constitution.
A candidate who is rejected in one League
shall be ineligible for proposition in this or
any other League for twelve month*. Tbe
fee for membership in that case shall be re
fcscb metnoer (ball par quarterly such a !
■um aa the By-Law* shall state, anil in ad
ranee, a* shall ha levied by the S iraixl)
League from time to time, as they shall de 1
termme for the carrying oat the objects of ;
the L**agu-*.
The Officer* of the League shall he a I
President, Vice-President a Recording, a
t'urrespoudtog, and a financial Secretary,
a Treasurer, and an Kvecutive Committee, j
consisting of five members, who shall he
elu-ted quarterly, separately and by ballot,!
at the first meetings in March, Jane, Sep
tember, and December, who shall be in
stalled at the first meetings in April, Jolv,
October, and January, and wh> shall
dincharg* the Untie* of their offices until the
inetalktion of their successors.
_A vacancy occurring in any office by any
cause shall be filled by the election of a
successor for the remainder of the term of
tbr original incumbent
The President shall perform all the
duties common to presiding officer*, shall
preserve order iu the meeting room, an
nounce the decision of the League on all
questions, and, in cwsaa of tie vote, except
election*, shall hare the lasting vote : suall
sign all order* oheu duly drawn on tlie
Treasurer . "bail call Special Meetiilgs at
the written request of any hie members o^
tin- League; he shall appoint all t'omiuit
fee* not otherwise provided for ; he shall
also, on the night of Installation, appoint
f sr the term a Conductor and two Door
The Vice-President shall perform ’he
dnuea of President in his absence, or when
called upon by that officer ; and, iu . „se of
the death or resignation of the Pi evident
shall perform ibe duties of that officer until
the election of a President.
The Recording Secretary shall keep a
luinote account of the proceedings of the
League, have charge of the Seal, and ali
documents ordered to be tiled, and atle*t all
papers and documents ordered by ih
League not otherwise provided for.
Th» Corresponding Secretary shall earrv
on all correspondence ordered bv the
League, keeping copies of the same ; he
stall transmit to the Secretary of the Lrand
League the monthly and quarterly report* ;
he shall read all correspondence to the
League at its meeting following its recep
tion . and shall notifv the Secretary of the
(irund League of the rejection of u candi
The Finaucial Secretary sb ill keep an el
A«-t account between the members and the
League, and shall receive all money* due
the League ; shall pay the seme to the
Treasurer, takiug bis receipt therefor.
The Treasurer shall receive all moneys
Crum the Financial Secretary ; be shall pay
all bills when ordered by the League, and
when signed by the President and Recording
Secretary : he shall pay all orders when
duly drawn, sealed, and signed by the Presi
dent, and attested by the Recording Secre
tary ; be shall also deliver to his successor
all vouchers, books and paper* belonging to
his office and the League, end shall give such
bonds as the Leazue shall-require.
The Executive Committee shall look after |
llip general interests of '.be League ; shall
audit the accouutsaf the Financial Secretary
' and Treasurer ; shall act as Trustee# for the
i League; shall inquire into all ease* of dis
pute, and investigate into the character and
dtness for membership of all candidates in
all unsettled cases.
I This League shall have power to make a
code of By-Laws for its own local govern
ment, which Laws shall be binding <>n each
, member provided they do not conflict with
, toe Constitution of the Uraud or Subordi
nate Leagues.
This League shall not be dissolved while
there are seven members who are willing to
continue it*
On motion, resolved that the report be
adopted as a whole.
I On motion, a committee of three be ap
; pointed to draft a preamble and address to
the Constitutiou of Grand League Ur. A.
C. Cameron, 1st Ward League, Chicago,
Mr D. W. Young, Aurora ; Mr E. Galloway,
Auilioy, were appointed such committee.
The Committee on Convict Labor report
ed the following :
Whereas the system of allowing one or
two men to control and appropriate the pro
ducts of convict labor to their own enrich
ment, and the injury of the state, by dispos
ing of such products at prices which render
competition by honest toil a sheer impossi
bility, is an evil which calls for redress ; and
Wheji?as, the effects of such a sys em have
recently assumed such alarming proportions
as to demand lurm diate action on the part
of those most deeply interested, and
Where as the evil complained of has been
the result of legislative action, the remedy
must be of a legislative character , therefore
be it
RftolceJ, That we recommend that no
candidate tor tiie legislatu re shal' receive the
support of any league, or t he working classes
in general, who is not pledged to vote for
the immediate repeal of this obnoxious and
injurious system.
On motion of Mr. Y<>ung, from Aurora,
the following resolution was adopted by a
unanimous vote:
Bstolped, That the Worrixgrax's Advo
cate be adopted as the offiaial organ of the
I Grand League, so long as its proprietor
keep its columns free from political issues,
and advocate only the question of eight
| hours becoming a legal day's work, the
rights and claims of the soldiers of the
United States, and otir unalterable opposition
to all monopolies.
On motion the following resolution was
adopted :
RuoImJ, That iu addition to other pledges
required of candidates for the State Legisla
ture, they be required to pledge themselves
to uae their influence to have a law passed
requiring Locomotive Engineers to be
licensed by a regular board of examiners
composed of practical engineers.
On motion the following resolution was
Reaulwd, That we will support no man or
ioeu as candidates for the State Legislature,
Who are not pledged in work ami vuta for a
law reducing the boors of labor from ten to
cdgbt hours per day throughout the State of
EUinois. #
On motion it was resolved that we elect
delegates to the National Convention to be
lleld in the city of Baltimore, on the |d day
August, 18M.
I! The following gentlemen were appointed
as delegates: D. W. Young, Aurora; W.
Hartley, Bloomington; A. C. Carnsrpn, 1st
,ifnrd, Chicago.
m. -
On mutton it tna resdfttpd that the Presi
dent, \V«. O. llewitt, Galesburg, be added
to the delegates.
On motion it was resolved that the Grand
League defray the ex pomes of Delegate* to
the Baltimore Convention
On motion the President tie empowered to
procure charters and supply the subordinate
Leagues who have purchased a charter from
the Grand League as it formrely existed,
The following resolutions we- then unani
mously adopted :
Re soltied, That we pur h i ih- p> periy
which has been in use t>v t'>.- f .rir. - than I
Kr&'MTtU. I oat a nonce n, is.ru -tl
Wobeinouas's Advocate >y tti - Cbir -
ponding Secretary of each L.-mo :c, givng
hia address end No of hi* League, w.th tire
place of meeting
RtvlteJ, That each sub league shall mah
a report to the secretary of the firs i
League, on or before the first Morula, cl
February, May, August, an 1 November, of
each year.
A.ietfcfrf, That th- Pr --.uent n‘ ' ri a pass
word to be sent on • in tbre mouths, to
deputy presidents ot - iLord ate Lea.
and lae to the L agu : in wh, i he is ■ pn >
Report of Committee on U>., la lory and
Installation ceremony, was received and on
■notion adopted
On motion it was
Rctolted, That a rote of thanks be lender
ed to the Mayor ami Common Council of the
City of Chicago, fi r their k min. sa toward
the Grand Leagm- by giving ti e u*e of ti c
Council Chamber for its session
On motion a vote of thanks he tendered,
our President, Mr 'V ui O tiewtii, ot < ia
burg, for the abl-, judicious and impart t.
manner in which he has fulfilled the duties
of hia office during the «• » a ol this Con -
On motion a mb- thanks be tendered to
Mr. A. 0. Cameron, for the a live part he
has taken in behalf of th • isbori.ig elu des,
and more especially dur.ng the »e> u *>f
this Convention.
On motion adjpurned, to meet at Aurora,
the first Monday in September, l&f.n
Signed, Thomas Whitley,
So2 West Tnydm sL^.1 hi v
W. O. lltwirr, < ialeslturp, P O IV-X,
E. GaLLOWAT, Anil v.
P. S Konuisoii, 14?-N*'wf rry-si., < ag
t l.rtler (rum >«rua«lii.
WiriKiu*, is., April ho, l?oo.
fti Hi* BJil.r jl Its VI ails - - A . k *ti
hut : A few Jays ago a young man lrc-ui
your city Caine to our place and hrouipit a
copy of the AurooATB which he pa-*,
around among the boys in ih--shop, .s,
that it was of ih# “right stripe,’’ mx .i u
ratns dou’ti with our ioilan, aud auWrii 4
for it fur *ix months, which *ii -.•ripumi
on doubt you have received, and the pa; era
will he forthcoming.
Now as we intend to pass around our
paper*) when we get them, Mid hope that
other* woo take them will do likewise. I
want to tell you. and have you pet it in
readuble and comprehensii le form a* 1 am
not a writer for the paper*), what we ap
doing up in our little Back 'foods ('itr, it.
tile way of organization, hoping it nun
dneourage others w ho think •- we did a i w
nonth* ago, vu.. that onr nuuioi 4 weie
small, and our best effort* mu*t tail to j
Ooinplieh anything, and so they vt utd if
they had be. n the only individuals, and w,
Could not ‘comprehend the lnsistaUe force
jl combined and thoroughly organized
effort. I do not propose to go into details
at this time but simply elate a few plain
The M. A B. I’uion, No. 3, of Wisconsin
was organized last .November. Fourteen
members ali told comprised it, which was
nearly all that was then eligible. But they
Wore of the right material, and were wrung
to sacrifice time and money.
\V« were willing to ‘‘cast our bread upon
the waters,” hoping that it ildtd not return
in our day, it would return in the day* of
our children, and in such quantities that
they would be enabled lo procure the djJ
of life by working eight hours a day.
'Ve made a start, procured our charter,
our meeting room, oai by-laws, our seal, ur
; furniture, Ac. We struggled on until w,
paid our debt* auJ got our U unis abuv
water ; and to-day we are recognized as a
permanent organization by our honorable
eity fathers, who have magnanimously
tendered us th ■ use of their louti' f. Ko rns
to meet in, jtee uj fharye. V\’e then turned
our attention to the isikt aj vp of the
masses of the w orking people, and were no
lunate enough to secure the services of Mr
Jonathon O’. Fincher who delivered a lectun
to us on the nineteenth (Ilf) uit. At th •
close of which an invitation was extend' d
for those who desired to unite in formiug
an Eight Hour League to come forward,
and we obtained nearly one-hundred signa
tures. And when you bear from us again,
rest assured that w» shall hurt a Leagv
fuilv organized, and 1 will not now prs-ti
what result# we may obtain before our t"
state election. Anti now fellow-workmen -r
other localities, if so few of us by untied
effort can set a ball in motion that will
uttiaiatelyreTolutioiiiie.be politics of this
city, which have heeu stereotyped uni
handed down for ages, where the mayor ml
other o&cers are uow elected without an
opositiou ticket or a dissenting vote, wLtu
excuse Lave you for hold tg back '
Dkim ,
Chicago, April 18fl0.
At the regular meettug of the Tturd Ward
Eight Hour League, held at their hall, Mo.
384 South Clark Street, on Saturday eveu
ing, April 28lh, it wts
Resolved, That Wo, the members of the
above League d» hereby challenge any Al
derman, or ex-Alderman aud Mayor, of the
C’Uv of Chicago, who voted ag-.iust tno
eight hour petition iu the Cauaetl Chamber,
to meet this League to debate the .{uestion
in their ball, No. 384 South Clark street* on
•Saturday evening, May llHh.
F. denies C. A. Rupbbuvs, Rrc~ Set.
•.•a- ---•<►• * V
The Hon. Lewis I). Campbell has b».-u
confirmed aa Minister to Mexico. * *
(ieneral Meade ha* just returnedjrom S..
Andrews, N. B., where be meMKieoc.-at
Doyle, of the British army to comult on
Fenian affairs. It is reported that the troop*
at Eastport have order* to he ready to
march at a moment's notice. Their desti
nation is unknown
Antoine Probkt has b »en sentenced to be
hung for the murder of the Doering family
[at Philadelphia. He received his *Pnte*>
without anv visible emotion, and mad* no .
remarks. The day for his execution will be
fixed by the Governor of th'vState
The Mississippi river, from its source to ,
its mouth, is just bow higher than it ha*
bean known fog many years, and in many
plsoss overtiws its banks. All its many
tributaries, especially those in Minnesota
and Wisconsin, are also unusually high.

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