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The workingman's advocate. [volume] (Chicago [Ill.]) 1864-1877, May 26, 1866, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89077510/1866-05-26/ed-1/seq-1/

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TERM8, {ni«u ‘copies, soktt*. .NO. 44
RRIZE concert.
f * ■ . v ■ . « . I • £ uv i
" TO Mi OlTWi .AT
1*MW %>m<U Qifto Tallied at I9N>
□rill be ymiBtal to tha
Ticket Holder*.
NO. Of TICKETS ttSUIB 1,000.000.
Price 91.00 Eack.
* ♦
1 Gift in Heal Katite. conflating of Lot 6, tn Bio. k
44, Klatu'a addition to Chicago, on Hush
a.real, being 50 by 140 feel, ralu.~d at Old tkkl
*■ Lot* to Brand * Addition to Chicago, tslued at 20,OW
.85 OM-fourth atm Lota In Wm. II A*tor’» la*
Addition to Hyde Park and Wood Law- Tawed
ml ..- 10,000
1 Whole section of l*od In Whltaaide Co., III.,
known a*«. 82, T 1*. R. 1. >aluedal_ 10,000
Total *50,000
X Gift In Greenback a,.30,(hA>
6 Gift* la Graenbae-k", each *lu,0W, 6o,W0
1C Glfla In Greenbacks, aach *&,'kX>, - 80,000
& Gifts in Greenbacks, each *2,000, 10.0UO
1 Gift in real estate, consisting of K f N, W. t.S,
I. *4, R. IS, being 0 mile* we»t of Chicago,
valued at . 10,00b
1 OBI In res. estate, mo Gating A! W 1 8 It d,
*. *1. T 18, B 4, and N W *, N F * S. I, T
II, R. a, h* Juneau Co., W.a , rained ai 14,800
80 Gifts id real estate, being ally tots In Brand’*
Addition to Chicago, aach 81,000 80,000
60 Gifts in Plauo*, each rained at **W, 40,400
100 Glfla to atti of parldr furnitur*. each 8500, fid,'>40 j
200 Gent’* Gold Watch**, each *250, 60,0 0
200 lift* la Lad**' Ootd Watches, each *Ahi eJJW'l
200 Gifu to Bewlac Machto*#, each *io0, 20,WC|'
1,000Gift. In American Sitter Watch*., each *6-, 45,WO,
sou Gttu in '• “ '• Rro, 90,6«>!
1,000G>fl* in Silk Lie** PalUrn* *"-* #65, DS.OUi
2,600 Glfla in Hirer Cake Baeaela, ach $20 50,00o ,
t,008 Gift, in surer Plated Ca«er*, each #10, - 10,000
10 U88 Olft. in *eta Of Mlv.r Sfixn*, each IS, ■ W,080|
10,890 Gifts in seta of e tar Fork., each *-., - 90.8001,
1U.OUO Gifts in '*"id Clasped A!hi mi each *4, 46,000.
10,000 Glfla 'n Literary Bocks, ea h *4, • 40,000'
10,000 dto.a h Cutlery, each *oTO, • - 85,0401
10,000 Gift* In Poiket Kune*. each *2, - - 20,000 ,
10,000 Gift* ittGIft Bock., each *1, - - 10,000,
10,000 GlfU in Beuript Book*, each *1, - • 18,001'
19, r;5 Gift* to artl. ias worth from *1 to *2, - 13,000
Total amoont of Gift*, *400,000
The drawing will take place, slier the Concert, on the
stage of the Opera Goose, where 10 000 person* can
witness It. A Committee will be appointed by the
audience to superlnler d the *nme All purchaaar* and
agent* will he supplied with correct list* of drawing ae
toon a* published. Par ilea bolding ticker- will retain
them BDtl! after the drawing and If thatr number ap I
peats to th* li*t of draws number*, they will forward
their Ticket* unmedtatrtp, with full direction* a* to the
shipping of Goods or Money* Ttckeu arefbr sale a* the
principal Hot*la, Book and Music Stores, and at our ot
fic«, 14a Madison Street. Price 81.00 each ; sect bj
mail on receipt of prtca tmd Manip fur return postage
Gborf oatd UduMt AytnU Wamtmt IB arery Ota), To*B
sad Tillage to tb* DbMed Stale*, to wkom great Induce
moot* art oBbrtd.
SnruL Titus 08 Qltto KxTM.-Anv party pre
en dug 8 slat of 0 or wort name* for Ticked, and foi .
varaing uatba money tor ttaaann, will he allowed lie ,
following onnulsalon, Tit: we will tend;
•6 TuckeU to one addicts for - f •* 56
W> « •• •• ** . |9.0u
20 •* “ *• •* - 11.00
. SC 25
*ii •• •• •• *• 36 00
&n •» i‘ *' •* • 43 00
1P0 .• “ •• •• - 9500
in weary cave send the name of each subscriber, and,
their P. O. Address, with Town, County and Stale to!
foil Money by D aft. P o Order, Kxpreas, or in Be
grater eat letters msjbr seat st our reek.
Address all communications to
•p. O. Dr-.-er 5021.
14* rlsdia n 8t , Chicago, 111 !
sa Xbe proprietor • .111 donate to lb* Butne id the .
Prtendlest, Chicago. *8,000. There will be *8 'WO re
served from the person receiving the *90,090 Gift, which |
• HI be donated to the poor through the Young Mens.
I brUttkc A ysodatiuD, and from the perain recelviug!
the *30.000 'ilit will be reaerrrd *8,008 which will be
donated to me ttoidiero’ H. me, Cfc cage , and also fran,
the persons met ing the»!0,'0O Gift* in Greenback*,!
will be reserved *600, msklug *3,500, which wri. br
dpasted t > the different Orphan Asylum* of the City of
Chlcugo A parfcct title will be given to all of the iboye
Baal Estate , „ , . i
At the request of Mr Cro.hy, Manager of Cr- y Op-,
era House, we hive changed th* place of hol-i i g the
Concert from the Opera House to Smith 8 Nix .HI‘t oat
modi .. 11*11, which ha. beer engaged for that porpose.
No. 58 Dearborn Street,

Tbaukful for lb* liberal patruaag. bcatowad on an
fui th* pMt year, we . Mpectfuily auUdt t euDtluuane* ot
lb* *uu at our
Wter*. by atrlct attention to th* want* of our cua
toaiara, «* bopc to
Our focti.ttaa ar* uori'aJh.1 bp cap h. a a* la th. Wfo,
and our good* ar* of lb*
■aart Quality and Workmanship.
A* SO trVMI.fara employed, wa are nab lad la
i‘»* •>' aaWoaaara lb. full et a* of thdr a. owe/, teUog
coBldaat that v* can nit alt —*r*
Chicago 111. (SBtf.) Lexington, Ey
. ' **« am min at »
So. 313 Boat W a* hi agios Street,
wuaaa u-l aim «-r
Can be obtain'd ad tha
Lowest Market Mates,
aad often below than The woi kiagaaee of th; city are
urge-1 te give Ihia ent'iirtee the aaipport hdaaerva*.
we keep rooataatly on hand a good aaaortmrnt ol
family Ormwlea, Provisos*, Karoeeue OU, Dried aad
Pkattd Meal a Sptcea, te.
Beat family flour, of well eetabttahed brand*.
Coleman a fin* London Maatard, ^IbMtla*.
We Gnuraatee Weight aa4 Mean a re,
and W ABU AST avary article a* Keprweatnd.
PATRICK JtILRT, Wyanatanifanf.
Weeall attention te oar Inage Block of TRAD, OOP
f EES, and Genera!
which our long evperlenr* euahlca u» to aoiect and pur
chaae of tha heat gin da aad Low**! Rate*. If* oger
good* na cheap, an name guatttiea aa caa be bought la
Glia otty We cbalUoge c. unpet loo an oar TEAS, for
Uuaftty and Price.
Artificial Legs and Arms.
/ o
Bolillrr* liiruiklirtl on tioTcrn*
nral A«c*hm|.
Botorc pwrvhaauig artificial limb* -lacwhcrc, b« aura
|nd we Dr. Riv'a late invention*, wLieh f«*r Natural
tea*, cberjniwe, and DnraMHtj’ cannot he aurpaaard.
l|pl> at either ol the lollotriiif oOcr*:
London, Fnglan I No IN Lrieeater Square: Neu Turk;
BS Btoadway , Klcbaaond, T*.. near the Boat OBc,
tpau, fla , Second Door D m Boat Oflce ; Hew Or*«ana,
-• , "■ C'aroudoM atreet ; MeaaphH Tenn,, MB Main
trevt , Noahrille. TVnu., hi the Clay Hall , Cincinnati,
L.tBWest Fourth atreet: Chicane, 111 , oppeahe Poet
rfflce. Adtirea*
DOUOLAS <t,r, M. D.,
tend for Panipiers.
The Song or the Ki'a* ltsatitfc.
I uteWl my Mn in or high,
As I toil lif my lurid fire.
And 1 moke Mis brood sparks f r,
At 1 woktthe steel f* r the tire —
Ar I form tfc* graceful spode
W.th opt, tvlkuit hk*
Or tyiAliion Ike trusty t>l«de
By lb* lames, giving cheerful glow.
Wbal, though u; Mr berpAt
By the forge-hre, red And vorm •
I hoi proud in my gathered strength,
Ir my thick and Urivn? ora ;
I ytorn for no goody fume,
No star-«*m lit zoned breast ;
Ol a's me hut bd honest name,
My telwr—tod oiy rat
Then hurrah for my »nrM bright,
For tkf dingy amity Boor!
Uuirahfor the cool-fire light,
And the sparkling, melting ore,—
For the dense, gray, curNog smoke,
For the fuller, tongs odd oedg* ,
And burr&h for the mighty stroke,
«H tu« heary falling sledge
For it givetn a gtedsome song.
Which flUftb tb* hollow glen,
And its echo repeat trb loug
The good of my fekow-UMC ,
As round the white tperks fly,
Aud I toil by my lurid tire,
Wedding 'be kamnior higi ,
For the spade, fo. the biale or tba tire
On Ike evening of the 18th of February
1850, two young men sat in s comfortably
furnished room in a New York boarding
louse. A bright fire glowed in the grate,
veil chosen engravings adorned the walls
tnd a bright light was diffused about the
•oom from an Argand burner.
Let me introduce the occupants of the
ipartment as Tom Stacy and John Wibur, j
>oung men of twenty-five or thereabouts,
vho were known in the business circles as
Stacy 4 Wilbur, retail dry goods dealers,
So. —, Broadway- They had not been in
[lusincss long, but were already doing un
usually well. They had taken ap&rtmeota
together, one of which ia now presented to
the reader.
“ llad it occurred to you \Y dber,” asked
bis partner, removing his cigar, and knock
ing away the aabes, “ that to-monow is St.
Valei one's Day ? ’’
“ Yes, 1 thought of it this afternoon, aa I
was walking up from the store.”
“ So did I, and to sosae purpose, loo, ts I
will show you."
Tons Stacy went to a drawer, and drew
out a gorgeous valentine, an elaborate com
bination of hearts, doves, etc.
“ What do you think I gave for that f ”
he asked.
“ 1 don’t know, I’m sure. It appears to
be very elegant T'
“ It cost rae ten dollars ”
“ Whc* | ” whistled Wilbur. “ It strikes
me ) ou are either very extravagant or Very
devoted. May I know what fair damsel is
to be made glad by the receipt of this ele
gant missive?”
“That’s my secret,” said Tom, laughing.
“ I don’t mind telling vou, however. It's to
go to Rdith Caatleton V "
“ I presume you feel particularly interest
ed in the young lady?”
“ Not at all. But I told her ! would tend
her a valentine, et la win ! Shan’t you con
form to the custom of the day?”
“I had not thought of it,” said John,
thoughtfully “but I believe 1 will.”
“ And what fair lady shall you select as
the recipient ? ”
“You remember the po >r seamstress who
occupies sn attic in the house.”
“ Yes, f hsve met her on the steps two or
three times."
“She looks as if times were herd with
her. 1 think I will send her s valentine.”
“ And what good do you think it will do
her?” asked Stacy in surprise.
“ Wait till you see the kind of valentine I
will send.”
Wilbur went to his desk, and taking out
a sheet of paper, drew from his portemennaie
a ten dollar bin, wrapped it in the paper on
which he bad previously written “ Frc-ut St
Valentine," and placed the whole in an en
“There," said he, "mv Valentina has cent
as much as yoors, sad (s venture to say it
wilt be aa welooma.” 7
“ You up right. I wiah now I bad i*4
bought this costly trifle. However, as it ia
purchased, 1 will send it”
The oast 4a# dawned dear and fteaty.
2xs# RAfdST.rtx^
tables, but tot Am poor who shared none of
tbeee adrantegee it was indeed a bitter day.
In an attic room, manat? famished, Bet a
young girl, polo and thin. She «ms cower
ing over a scanty wood fire, the heat aka
could afford; which heated the room vary
insufficiently. She was aewing steadily,
shivering from time to time aa the cold blast
shook the window and found its way through
the crevicea.
Poor child t Life had a veo black aspect
for her on that winter day. She waa alone
in the world. There was absolutely no one
on whom she could call for assistance,
though she needed it sorely enough. The
thought came to her nore than once i* her
discomfort, “ fa it worth while living arty
longer V ” But she recoiled from the sin of
suicide. She might starve to death, hot'
she would not take the Ufa that God had
given her.
Plunged in gloomy thought she continued
to work. All at ohce a step waa beard as
cending the staircase which led to her room
Then there was a knock at the door. She
arose in some surprise and opened it think
ing it must be the landlady or one of the
She a a* right, ft was a servant.
“ Hero's a letter for you that the post boy
(•jet brought, Miss Morris.’1
14 A letter for me !” repeated Helen Mor
ria In surprise, t. king it from the servant.
“Who can have written to roe T11
“ Mar be il'a a valentine. Miss,” said the
girl, laughing. “ You know this »s Valen
tino's day. More by token, I’ve got two
myself this morning. One’s a karakler (car
icatwre?; so mistress calls it Just look
at it.”
Bridget displayed a highly embellished
pictorial representation of e female bard at
work at it>e wash tub, the cast of beauty
being decic vlly Hibernian
Helen Mortis laughed absently, but did
not open her latter while Bridget remained
—a little to the disappoinltaeat of that cu
rious damsel
Helen slowly opened the envelope. A
tank note for ten dollars dropped from it to
the floor.
She eagerly read the few words on the!
paper “ From St. Valentine.”
** Heaven be praised !" she said, folding
her hands gratefullv. “ 'he sum will en
ible me to carry out the plan which f had
n view.”
Eight years passed away. Eight rears |
with (heir lights and shadows, their joy*
ind sorrows. They brought with them the
nerry voices of cliildren, they brought with
hern new made graves, happiness to some
ind grief to others.
Towards the lest they brought the great
commercial crisis of ’57. when houses that
ieemed built upon a rock tottered all at
met to their fall. Do not many remember
ihat all too well, when merchants with
uixious laces rsn from one to another to.
iolicil help, and met only averted fabefr
uid distrustful looks 1 And bow was a im
that time of the universal panic with our
friends—Stacy A Wilbur* ' “
Up to 1857 they had been doing an ex
cellent business. They had gradually en
larged their operations, and were rapidly
growing rich when the ert'h came.
They immediately took in sail. Both
were prudent, and both felt that now was
the time when tide quality was urgently
By great efforts they had succeeded ' i
keeping up till the 14th of February, 1858.
3n that morning a note offawo thousand
lollars came due. This was their last peril.
Hist surmounted, they would be able to go
>n with assured confidence.
But this, alas ! was the rock on which
:hey had most apprehension. They had
taxed their resources to the utmost. They
nd called npon their friends, but th#fr
rlends were employed in taking care ilf
themselves, and the seltish policy waa the
me required then.
“ look out for number one,” superceded
the golden rule for the time being.
As 1 have said, two thousand dollars were
iue on the 14th of February,
"How much have you go! toward it*"
isked Wilbur, aa Stacy came in at half past
“ Three hundred and seventy-fire dollars,”
vas the dispirited reply.
“ Was that all you could raise?” inquired
its partner, turning pale. “ Are you sure
rou thought of everybody ? ”
“ I have bee»i everywhere. I’m fagged to
leath,” was the weary reply of Stacy, as he
tank exhausted into a chair.
“ Then the crash must come,” said Wil
»ur, with gloomy resignation.
“ I suppose it must.”
There was a silence. Neither felt in
dined to say anything. For six months
they had been struggling with tL: tide
rhey could a$e the shore, but in tight of it
they must go down.
At this moment a note was brought in by
i boy. There was no postmark. Evidently
he was a special messenger
It was opened at onoe by Mr. Wilbur, to
irhoiD it was directed. It contained these
few words only: » •
“ If Mr John Wilkui will call immediately
st No. —, Fifth avenue, he will learn some
thing to his great advantage.”
There was no signature.
John Wdbur read it with surprise, and
passed it to his partner. “ Whst does it
mean do you think ? ”
“I don’t know,” «as the reply, “ but I
advise you to go st once.”
“ It seems to be in femininediandwriting,”
■aid Wilbur thoughtfully.
“Yes. Don't you know any lady on
Fifth avenue?”
“ None.”
“ Well, it is worth noticing. .We have
met with so little to our adsantag* lately,
that it will be a refreshing variety!”
In five minutes John Wilbur jumped into
a horse car, and was on his way to No.—,
Fifth avenue. .
He walked up to the^foor of a magnificent
brown stone house and rang the bell. lie
was instantly admitted, and si wn into the
drawing-room, superbly furnished.
He did not have to wait long. An ele
gantly dressed lady, scarmly thirty, entered,
ar.d bowing said, “ Yjrdo not remember
me, Mr. Wilbur?”
“ No, madam,” said he, in perplexity.
“ YTe will waint'Chat, then, and proceed
to business. How has youi 1 use borne
the ensia in which so many -uf- our large
firms have none down ?” <
John Wilbur smiled bimriv.
“Wo have struggled sdStosafnlly ufi'til to
day.” be ^answered. ‘' But the end bee
■bomt by two, Wt are rained.”
“What ram will save you?” was the
lady’s question.
’'duur, springing to gjM feet in delight.
eirl ocouDVlnn an attic rJaln Jour loJamf
f *“ r*r" _ w * 7|lr ’ “ o S
nave wee Helen Morria1
•f She aland* before ton.” was the a met
roe," he said. “ WiU you also airard^roe
the privilege of occasionally calling upon
you >”
“ I shall ho most happy,” said Mrs. Eust
ace, cordially,
John took a hurried leave, and returned
to his store as the clock struck one tie
showed his delighted partner the check,
which he had just received. “ I haven’t
time to explain, ’ be said ; “ this must at
once he cashed.”
Two o’clock came and the ttrin was ssved
— asvwd from their last peril. Henceforth
they met with nothing but prosperous gates.
What more t
Helen Euslade has again changed her
name. She is now Aden Wilbur, and her
husband now lives «No —, Fifth avenue.
And ail this came at a Valentins.
DHTaeloa «f ( e-operatioa.
Goethe, who, tike Shakespeare, said a
s thousand remarkable things, observed,
that “for a man to know one thing well ne
needs also to know a thousand.” It cer
(fffblv is necessary to know many things to
understand one practically. It may be that
^arm^^k^^mpoM^^^iainac^r a ad
distinct idea of any subject or object
Familiarity, st-engely enough, does not
teach ; it blunts the perceptions, or it tones
down characteristics, while nawoess of in
spection sharpens the eye to observe them.
However it may be, every man knows it is
so. The traveler, when he comes home, has
far sharper eyes than he took out with him.
He secs a hundred things in his own land
and native place that never struck bun be
fore. He knows better what to value, and
has sense to own that many things require
amendment which he thought well enough
before. Since international exhibitions were
held, and the middle class took to traveling
to inspect them, aldermen and town-cuun
cillora have had much higher teste for im
provement than heretofore. Means of com
parison are means of wisdom. For this
reason we will say something of Co-opera
tion abroad, as it may quicken appreciation
of it at home.
The Italians have a proverb, wonderful in
its sagacity for that quick-witted people; it
is this: “They who go slowly go far." Then
Co-operation may be expected to go Air for
it goes very slowly. And it* has gone both
slow and far. It has issued like the tortoise
from its Lancashire home in England; it
has traversed France; it has overrun Ger
many ; it has crept under the froseu steppes
of Russia; the bright-minded Bengalese la
applying it; the soon-being and far-seeing
American is turning over the idea ; and our
own emigrant countrymen in Australia are
endeavoring to natwraliM it there. Clearly,
Co-operation ig becoming what the ISvut
used to call “an established fact.” Like
Liebig’s new essence of beef, or a good
chronometer, Co-operation is unaffected by
change of climate. It remains Crash and
wholesome, and goes well.
Professor Tallandier published a transla
tion of “Self-help—the H -y of Co-oper
ation in Rochdale,” iu a L oa newspaper,
and enriched the translation by valuable
uwvra vi uia vwu. n. xvecius, me cull
or of L' Association, has told the moral of
that history to the Parisians, in his “Fable
of the Blind Man and the Lame man," in
his own “History of the Co-operative Asso
ciations of Workmen in Great Britain;" and
Co-operative Associations have greatly mul
tiplied in France in consequence. Deputy
Schultz Pelitsk haa inspired Berlin, where
in the east quarter of (the Berlin Spitel
fields district), the Berlin Shawl Weavers’s
Association is to be found. Though formed
but four yeara ago by twelve members, they
had hxweeeed, in March last, to 104, while
their capital bad multiplied thirty fold.
Herr, Schulze not only makes the doctrine
of self-help the constant text of his speeches
before the working classes, be is continually
occupied in showing them how to put the
principle into practice. Madame Mario has
explained, in U Jjvcert, of Genoa, tha char
acteristics of English Co operation to the
Italians ; and societies of mutual succor,
formed under the auspices of the great lead
er 01 Italian uaity, have for some time been
in operation throughout Piedmont. Associ
ation has been fervently advocated in Italy
with a loftiness of aim unusual in industrial
In Switzerland, we learn, on the authority
of Professor Huber—the distinguished ad re
cate of Co-operation in Germany—that then
existed in the Alpine land thirty Co-opera
tive Stores m 1S88. Indeed, the learned
professor of WernigStode stated some time
ago, in reply to Mr. Howitt, that the aamber
of Co-operative Societies in Germany Area
about 1,000, with a working capital of $E,
000,080, or 30,008,080 thalers. The Ger
snas, itmuat be confessed, are as eempn
tvpj n any griigts in KavegnAn weigh a new
industrial scheme in the bebmee, sad deter
mine whether or not it is wanting. There
fore, their general adoption of the Co-opera
live principle in practice is proof that there
is “something in it.”
ft fares badly with working bakers in
moat places Their wagea are not high, and
their hours of labor are perilously continu
ous. Those who have found their way to
Australia are followed by, or meet
the same ill fortune there In Sidney,
however, they propose to confront
it as it might be confronted at home—
by a Co-operative Association. The resi
dent gentlemen favor the proposal, and sev
eral distinguished clergymen lent their ap
proval and support at the meeting held to
form the “Sidney Baking Company.” it is
some time since this meeting was held.
The Rochdale results were quoted by Mr.
Parkes, the speaker who contributed the
greatest information to the audience ; and it
was clearly felt that it waa as much the in
terest of the inhabitants and consumers of
bread in Sidney to have a Co-operative man
ufactory of it there, as it was that of the
working bakers themselves. Co-operation
insures purity for the eeler, as well as better
wages for the journeyman preparer of it.
Mr. Commissioner Hill, the Recorder of
Birmingham, whose services to the cause of
social progress exceed any praise of ours,
lately related an anecdote which ought to
show to the reader that the value of the co
operative principle was discerned lung ago
bj a shrewd people, whose name in connec
tion with Co-opeiation, is seldom mentioned
unless by Mr. Urquhart, whose remarkable,
out-of-the-way knowledge is proverbial—we
allude to the Greek merchants. Major,
Cartwright—whose name only veiy old poli
ticians remember—once told Mr. D. Hill
that, in his youth, he (Major Cartwright)
served in the royal navy, when among othar
1 parts of the world into which he cruised, he
1 found his way into the Mediterranean Sea,
at a time when England was at war with
Turkey. Greece being formerly a part of
Turkey, our cruisers had to give chase to
<»ie<'K merchant vessels, but they rarely if
'■rer mule a capture. Major Cartwright,
who had an enquiring uund iu all latitudes,
••as curious to ascertain the cause of tnese
clever Greek escapes; and he discovered
that, after a wise Greek custom, every one
of the crew, from the captain to the cabin
b<.y had a share in the vessel. In tine, they
sailed and fought ou the co-operative princi
ple. Our English cruisers, sharp as they
were, could not catch a co-operative ship on
competitive principles. An ordinary observ
er would declare at ODce that (lie fear of im
prisonment, and probably death, would suf
fice to make men sharp and brave ; and if
»och risks did not, nothing would. Nine
persons out of every ten would say so ; and i
yet it proved, that having a personal inter
cat in the ship itse'f kept the watch sharp
er, the erins nimbler, and the dash daring of
the sailors higher in quality than the fear of
the gaol or the bullet. Co-operation has
faculties for war as well as peace, and moves
men by motives stronger tfian the fear of
death The reader may be assured that Co
operation is a motive power in industry, like
steam ; and, like steam in Savary’s days, it
is only as yet seen issuing out of the kettle
spout. It has hardly been set to work. It
"will turn strange, undreamt-of engines one
day.—London WcrHnqmaH.
Propmifs ef the Btasting-ell
1. Nitro-gl- -in# is « light yellow, oily I
2. Its specific gj«vity is 1-6.
3. JIt is insoluble in water.
4. Direct contact with fire—as, for in
stance, with a lighted match—does not I
cause it to explode.
6. The oil will ouly explode under certain
circumstances, and it then burns away,
leavfng no residue.
6 It possesses great rapidity of explosion
| 7. k can be kept for any length of time
without losing in weight or in goodness.
8. It detonates on being struck with a
9. It can be heated, without danger, to
219 deg. Fahr., but explodes xt 356 deg.
10. It is poisonous, and causes violent
headaches, which soon, however, pass off.
It may be proved, theoretically, that nitro
glycerine is stronger than gunpowder, for
not only d#es its decomposition give rise to
a large volume of gas, but as the gas will
be at a higher temperature than is the case
with powder, we get a still greater effect. It
has been calculated that nitro-glyoerine has
thirteen times the atrength of an equal
| weight
1. Considerable aanng of labor in boring
the boles for blasting. A small hole with
the nitro glycerine will does much work as
a large one with gunpowder.
A Greater cheapness than powder, when
pomaa is taken as a standard.
A Blasting work can be done in a shorter
4. The feet that it leaves no residue after
the explosion. This is important in work
ing rock rah.
6. Great rapidity of explosion, which
permits the tutro-glycerine to be used with
advantage in loose rocks with many joints,
where powder would have scarcely any
A The absence of denger in carrying it
and storing it in virtus of the properties
described in 4 and 7.
7. The fact that solid temping is not re
quired. This saves time and expense, and
lessens the danger.
. 8. Holes in watery places and under
water oan be easily charged. This advan
tage depends on the insol ability and specific
gravity of the oil. All that is needed is to
pour the oil, by means ef a tube, into the
hole covered by water. It sinks to the
bottom, and the water above it does for the
A It will blow to pieces lumps of metal.
1. The necessity of using cartridges for
horisontal holes and these sloping upwards.
2. In rocks that are much Jointed, crack
ed, hr cavernoul? the bore holes must be
made tight, in order to prevent the oil run
ning out.
5. The effect on the nervous system sad
respiratory organs. The gases formed by
the explosion cause headache, and even
sometimes vomiting. This *ia a hindrance
to its employment under ground, but is of
little importance in quarries. The inventor
is of opinion that it is not the gases tonaed
by the explosion, put rather fine particles of
the blasting oil that are scattered about,
which do the mischief.— Bergvnd Hvttm
mnnaierAr Zeitvng.
t-i *»i ——-rt“—> ..
Caernu Purumri.-Endeavor, if pos
sible, to keep a dean conscience, ana two or
thrts dean shirts. Be abote ground in stf
yeardtruflings, and ftfs board la all your
Lots yo«r neighbor at youneil
bat doa’tjmve^ too many of these in the
The B—hardmeal •ffallao.
The following are .he latest details received
of the bombardment of this place by the
Spanish squadron, under the command at
Admiral Nunex :
The Peruviana had nine batteries manned
with 33 pounder gun*, and 3ft0 pounder
Armstrongs, and 4-50 pounder Blakely rifles,
besides Iron-clads Leo and Victoria, ard
three wooden gunboats.
In leas than half an hoar the Villa de
Madrid bad her motive power deranged, and
was towed out of action. The Revengoela
moved out twenty minutes later, having re
ceived a heavy rifled shot near the water
line, leaking badly and waa obliged to careen
to prevent sinking.
At half past two the Blanca and Resolu
eion retired to repair injuries, but soon re
turned to their positions, and with the rest
of the fleet, except the two first named,
continued the tight untit the end of the
Soon after the commencement of the bat
tle, a Peruvian battery, containing two W)
pounder Armstrong’s, was blown up, dis
mounting the guns and killing and wound
ing every one in the vicinity- In another
battery a 300 pounder Armstrong was dis
mounted at the first -Vs. With this excep
tion, the fire of the ruvian batteries waa
heavy and well directed, and every moment
became more fatal and destructive.
Soon after five o'clock the Spaniards re
tired, the batteries firing until they were out
of range. The last gun waa fired by the
monitor Victoria.
The Peruvians are said to have lost sixty
killed and 170 wounded.
The shot disabling the steampipe of the
Villa de Madrid, killed eighteen and wound
ed twenty one, aud it was thought there
from that the total Spanish loss tar exceed
ed that ef the Peruvians. That vessel had
eight shot holes in he. side. The Blanca
W's struck forty times, snd others nearly
as many.
The Njraancia, being iron-clad catne off
very well, bat one eight inch rifie projectile
pierced her five and a half inch iron plating,
and went partly through the wooden pack
ing. She was fought so as to receive the
ffre at an angle, hence her plating caused
the shot to glance. ,
Officers of the Vanderbilt think the Span
iards were in no condition to reniw the
attempt. They had only solid shot, so the
city was little iojured.
Commodore Rogers writes thet he receiv
ed notice of the blockade of Callao, with
four days for neutrals to leave. He gives a
minute account of the bombardment. The
Peruvian batteries had 46 guns; 4 fifty
pounders, (Blakesley’s) and 4 three hundred
pounders, and 9 Armstrongs.
The Villa de Madrid withdrew, her steam
escaping freely.
Both sides fought with courage. The
Spaniards exhausted their ammunition.
The killed and wounded on land was 67.
The Spaniards were obviously badly punish
ed—loss unknown.
Fear of torpedoes kept the Spaniards at
long range. One was picked up in the
Dr. Preek offered his assistance, but it
was declined. Dr. Johnson was told that
Admiral Nunez was badly wounded in eight
lateretflig awa iinrwllTe Items.
It has been reported from Vienna, through
the Atherui'im, that Signor Bonetli is matt
ing experiments on the transmission of pon
derable articles by electricity, and has suc
ceeded to some extent. Hence we may,
perhaps, live to see realized the old wife's
notion of sending small parcels by telegraph.
—Mr. Childers hss introduced a bill to fa
cilitate the erection of dwelliag-bouses for
the laboring classes. The Public Loan Com
missioners are to have power to advance
one-half the cost of buildings at a rate of in
terest not exceeding 4 per cent., and this
loan is to be repaid by instalments.—8nul
becomes poisonous if kept in leaden vessels
or wrapped in tin-foil containing lead, by
taking up a portion of the metal.—If aD
adult of mean flight and of active habits
consume leas than 60 oas. weight of dry
food daily his strength will rapidly decline.
—The undulations of waves are performed
in the same (me as the vibrations of a pend
ulum, the length of which is equal to the
breadth of the ”, ave, or the distance between
the two cavities. -The eagles which sur
mount the colors of the French armv form
erly msde of copper, gilt by galvanism, are
now made of aluminum, thus Tightening the
weight of the fisg by nearly lbs.—Trout
will not do well where the temperature oi
tbe water rises in the summer above 60 de
grees or 64 degrees at most. The best tem
perature to grow them to perfection is be
tween 60 degrees and 68 degrees.—In 1888
the price of gas in London was 16s. per
1,000 feet, and 5 guineas for each public
lamp per annum. In 1844 the price of gas
was reduced to 7s. per 1,000 feet, and the
public lamps to four guineas each.—In sup
port of the theory of the preservative
action of copper against cholera ft is affirmed
that the great district of copper pyrites of
the Riotinto, and tta prolongation on the
Heulva in Spain, has never been visited by
cholera.—The celebrated pitch lake of the
island of Trinidad is upwards of three miles
in circumference. —It hah been proposed to
utilise the arches of tbs different metropoli
tan railways as workmen’s dwelling-houses.
—Tbe Lancet says it is now an establish'd
fact that in this country males are cut off in
' a higher proportion than females, and that
the ratio of that higher death-raw in the
males is nearly constant from year to year.
—A new Anglo-American Telegraph Com
pany ia being established, with a capital ol
£600,000, to take over the old concern, and
to attempt this year a successful deposit ol
the cable which ia now being manufacture*:
at Greenwich.—Mr. Diggle, of Higher Hall
Lancashire, hss now twenty-six of his stock
in his coal mines, where ahippons with ever;
convenience have been fitted up tor their re
caption. Water-pipes have been taken dowi
the shaft, and the temperature ia regulate*
at about fifty-seven. They appear to be ax
ceedingly healthy, eat well, and are mad*
comfortable. —The following mode of storin'
grain is pursuod by Russian Carman, i
pit ia dug in the ground, ia a walt-dratoe*
place, and the sides hardened by a long ex
posure to fire. Before the grain is* intro
duced straw ia ignited in the pit to purifj
and dry the air.. The grain ia thrown is
and packed close. It is said to haws baas
preserved in this way forty years without
deterioration—la consequence of an in
nrraagl demand Aram British India the ex
perm of railway iron from the Dated Ming
dam revived last year. They amounted u
4*1,210 tons, of the vain* of £3,541,286
This branch of our iron exports cannot b*
to be increasing upon the whole, ted i
contrary result could nek be entieipntid
h*v»g regard to the atonal oompfouon ol
the neat arterial lines of British lndi*.
Lenacn Engineer.
To Make the Tmth White —A mixture
of honey with the purest charcoal will prove
Ui admiral cleanser.
CoaaAX waa asked one day what an Irish
gentleman just arrived in England, could
mean by perpetually putting out his tongue.
“I suppose, replied Currsn, “he is trying
I ^ catch the English accent.”
The widow of a celebrated musician had
inscribed on big monument: “He is gone
where his music can only be excelled.” The
widow of a pyrotechnist saw this, and had
inscribed on her husband's tomb: “He ia
gi-ne where his fireworks can only bs ex
It is not what we eat, bit what we digest
hat makes us strong. It is not what we
earn, but what we save that makes us rich.
It is not what we read, but what we re
member that makes us learned. It ia not
what we profess, but what we practice that
makes ua righteous.
lx the depth of the sea the waters are
still; the heaviest grief is that borne in
silence; the deepest love flows through the
eye and touch ; the purest joy is unspeak
able; the most impress! le prayer is silent,
and the moat solemn preacher at a funeral is
the silent one whose lips are cold.
Tax Rev Dr. Mason stopped to read a
theatrical placard which attracted his atten
tion. Cooper, the tragedian, coming along,
said to him : “Good morning, sir—do minis
ters of the gospel read sucn things ?" “,Why
not, sir,” said the doctor, “ministers of the
gospel have a right to know what Satan is
about as well as other folks.”
Dr. Chalmers instructs us to live for
something. Do good and leave behind you
a monument of virtue that the atorm of
time can never destroy. Write your name
in kindness, love and mercy, on the hearts
of thousands you come in coutact with year
by year ; you yill never be forgotten. No ;
your name, your deeds will be as legible on
shine as the stars of heaven.
Thixgs I Lin to See.—A workingman
reading the newspapers ; a real lady that can
1 carry a paacel; a lather at a place of ainuse
■n<nt with his children , a young man with
a clear eye, and a fresh, virtuous unhackney
ed race; a shop girl neatly dressed, and
without sham ornamentation ; a man of
business going home at night with a bou
quet for his wife ; shop keeper civil to and
patient with a poor woman, who, with a
baby across her arm, ventures to buy a one
shilling article; a dressmaker who is scien
title enougn to perfect a “fit;” and vet leave
your breathing apparatus in Christian
working condition ; a shop that is not an
“emporiuma milliner who don’t come
from Paris; a jolly domestic who ‘likes the
family ; a bride with her pet small house ; a
young father with hie first boy —Fanny
A Triumph for Ireland.
The British Government have at last d< 3
ter cm nod to relieve the Irish people of one
of their moat fruitful causes of complaint,
by abolishing the Roman Catholic test oath
Tha* oath practically debarred every con
scientious Cathode from holding any posi
tion under the British government. It not
only required a Catholic to swear allegiance
to the Protestant dynasty, but it likewise
compelled him to recognize the Church of
England aa the true exponent of the Chris
tian religion. At the session of Parliament
preceding the present one, an effort was
made by the progressive party to have the
obnoxious oath abolished, but the movement
was defeated by the party representing the
wishes of the Government. We caa only
imagine the cause that hex induced the
change now manifested by the latter party,
but it is certain they now propose entirely
to blot out the objectionable restriction
on Catholics. Upon a test vote in the House
of Commons, on the 6th hist., only five
members out of nearly seven hundred dis
sented to the abolishment of the oath. The
proposition now is to establish a form of
oath that shall have no sectarian features
about it, but which shall require nothing
more from a Catholic or a Jew than is re
quired from a most devout member of the
Established Church. This is the most im
portant move in the direction of liberalism
that haa been made by the British Govern
ment for many years.
JrrrxasoN’s Ten Rcles or Lire.—The
following rales for praetical life were given
by Mr. Jefferson in a letter of edvice to bis
namesake, Thomas Jefferson Smith, in
1826 : —
1. Never put off till to-morrow whit you
can do to-day.
2. Never trouble others for what you can
do yourself.
8. Never apend your money before you
have it.
4 Never buy what you do not want be
cause it is cheap
6. Pride costs us more than hunger, thirst
or cold.
8. We never repent of having eaten too
7. Nothing is troublesome that we do
8. How much pain those evils cost us
which never happened.
9. Take things always by their smooth
10. When angry count twenty before you
speak ; if very angry count one hundred.
Woman’s Lacob.—A woman has no
natural grace more bewitching than a sweet
laugh.' It ia like the sound of flutes on the
water. It leaps from the heart in a clear,
sparkling rill; and the heart that hears It
‘ feels as If bathed in the cool, exhilarating
spring. Have yon ever pursued an unseen
i fugitive through trees, led on by her fairv
laugh, now here, now there, now lost, now
found ? We have, and we are pursuing that
- wandering voice to this day. Sometimes it
cornea to" us in the midst of care or sorrow,
I or irksome business: and then we turn
awny and listen and hear it ringing throguh
i the room like a silver bell, with power to
i scare away the ill spirits of tbt mind.—How
much we owe to that sweet laugh I It turns
i the prose of our Hfo/into poetiy; it flings
flowers of sunshine over the darksome
wood ia which we are traveling; it touches
with light even our aleep, which is no more
the image of death, but is consumed with
foams that are the shadows of immortality.
Canoe* PaarogMANcxs with tmx Mouth.
—According to the Berlin papers, a Hun
garian girl, horn at Oldenboorgh without
1 haada, aow 90 years of age, has been giving
some curious representations in the Prussian
capital. She performs with her mouth the
> functions of bands. She sews, embroiders,
; mmeotaa the meat delicate work with pearls,
wm threads her peedlae and makes knots,
all with the tongue, apparently without dif

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