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The workingman's advocate. [volume] (Chicago [Ill.]) 1864-1877, May 16, 1868, Image 2

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# AND ANTI-MONOPOLIST.
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Anti-Monopoly Publishing Co.
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am- Addroc* all oammunixAi'au to A. C. Cav.ao*
foal OB** BoilJI*. Ob! am*l 111.
Eitnt Ilnurs a Legal Day’s Work.
CHICAGO. SATURDAY. MAY 16, 1868.
POLITICAL ACTION.
Among the many objections ur -c«J by the
opponents of tbe labor movement, none
aie more transparent or absurd than the
holy horror evinced of making it a political
ias.e. Trusting to the credulity, or to
the Slavish devotion to party, of some of its
»o-called fr: jnds and their dupes, designing
men have taken advantage of these circum
r.ances to work on the ignorance of tbe
masse*, and attempted to raise a false issue,
by which the objects and the means are
equally misrepresented. There is certainly
a grand difference between political and party
action—between the working classes usiug
the ballot-box for their own interests or ele
vation, and depositing their ballots at the
bidding of a wwrd or county caucus, to ad
vance the interests of a professional politi
cian. In order, however, more fully to un
derstand this proposition, it is well to ascer
tain what ‘‘political acnoo” means. That in
the present movemi m, it does not imply
affiliation with existing parties, no better
evidence can he adduced than the clamor
railed against it by tuese same party Isa lers.
“Alme, mate ttkcl vptiarn-i” it written too
plainly to be imsintt rpreled. Nei.ht-r does
it mean to sell the _yoce* of Democrats to
Republicans, or vice rerao, as l*as been often
and falsely stated. " hese leaders know, as
they have reason to know, that their lease
of p-"-er is broken, and hence their aoxiety
to misrepresent, so long as misrepresentation
can avail.
The following definition of “Politics,”
from Webster, we think will throw some
light on this subject, and a* it is so explicit
wc tran.-ifer it entire :
“The science ot government; that part of
ethics which has U> do with the regulation
and government of a nation or state, the
preservation of rs safety, peace, and pros
perity; the defence of iia <x:»tenee and
r;ght« against foreign conic l snd conquest,
the augmentation of i‘s strength and re
source, and the protection of itt citizens Hi
tbeir rights, with the pri se- vaaoti and im
provement of their in-rials.”
iii oilier words, any is-is is a political
issue, wbioh is left to h< suffrtges >f the
peopl •, no matter wbat it i character, and it
is an entire p* rversion hf truth to assume
such must : ccessanly ; a; take of a partisan
bearing. “The protection of the citizen in
his rights, wok the preservation and im
prove inent 01 Iw mo'-alf,’' Is the cardinal
print tple of Tie reform movement, but
as tkir has never been the guide of Demo
cratic or Republican legislator », their uni.ed
Opposition niay be expected.
Of course it was ail right, so long as the
great mass of the laboring classes bartered
their birthright, by placing corrupt, design
ing demagogues in office—m^n who, when
their rights were involved, invariably cast1
their influence in favor of the oppressor ; and
Who, as invariably complied with the de
mands of every corporation or monopoly ;
but the moment the continuance of such a
policy is questioned, or the truth forces it
self upon their minds that they are directly ,
responsible for these results, and that they i
can, if they will, replace these demagogues
by honest men—then the prop iety of scch
a plan of action is questioned, and the hue- |
and cry of party apostacy raised.
But 'here is another question we should
like to ask some of the pretended advocates.
How are they going to make eight hours a
legal day’s work, without legislative action ?
end how is that a lion to be obtained without
making it a direct issue at iht ballot-box f
as we take it for granted that none at sc
ignorant as to assume that an effective eight
hour ordinanoo will be passed by any *• cist
ing legislature. Some have answered— By
using the Democratic snd Republican par
ties." Very well. Ia it on that account, any
css a political issue? Certainly not; but
the truth of the matter is, they think more
cf party than principle, and caro about the i
eight hour system joet in proportion as It
benefits or injures their seifish irn< rests. A
legal day’s work means legislative action— j
legislative action means uwrk at the ballot
Iwx, by wotkmgmen—and the aid of the bal
lot-box implies direct political effort.
Still, even under these circumstances,
there is much ground 'e. encouragement. I
Anomalous as the assertion appears, this
very suspicion, on the part of workingmen, j
is an earnest of hope for the future. The •
pertinent question here arises, why should
so many of the uninformed object to making '
it, as they understand it, a politic*! issue ? j
Simply because the experience of the past l
has told them that they would betrusting to '
a broken reed in reiving upon such promitc ■,
and they know that whenever the claims of
the workingman have been left to the exclu
sive arbitration of political capitalism, they 1
invariably have been ignored. Hence it is
the d"*» of every labor journalist to help
disabuse the minds of his readers on this
important question, and show then that sc '
fkr irorn implying party affiliation, it means
exa< uy the reverse : in fact, that it involves
its dismemberment, and many of those who
now oppose it will earnestly co-operate in '
the g‘>od work.
It Is simply as a means to an end—he
cause it wi'>' afford time for the consideration '
of the momentous issues shied loom up m
the future—and in which the interests of
the producing clasps are so indissolubly
connected, that the eight hour movement
derives its ehici importance. Soci> j, go to i
#eak, to yet in a cl ysalis, nuucveloped
State; the relationship of capital to labor
has yet to be determined, and it would be
Strange indeed, if the strong arm of the law
wore not invoked when that contest comes.
Cuder these circumstances it to all-im
portant '.hat the inirrevts of the washing
classes should be represented on suou occa
sion, and *.t to no more absurd to insist that
they would bo by our present legislators,
than to expat** that wbr* a railroad c
claims would be presented, or their I
defended by those lakeo frees
shops or the _
the o»j: « %r A TMADEt Ah-1
•SEELY—I.
A* many of our leeal union* serm to hu in
the dark aa to tb* benetu to be derived
from, or the object* sought to be eooom
pliahed by, a Trade* Aasambly, w* propose
in the pieeent and subsequent number* to
enlighten them n little on these point*,
though we are well aware that none are so
blind a* those who won't in, and that ignor
ance (?) is often the cloak which apathy tr
>ndt«poettion use* to extenuate the neu
perfomanoe of an. imperative daty.
The eonetitation of the Trades Assembly
of this city, which is bat a reflex of the
principle* embodied ia the constitution* of
all other similar or* intentions throughout
i he country, has been 4. 'seed at the disposal
of every protective union in the State, and
as those principles are enunciated with snob
aiearners and simplicity, that ha Who reads
nay run, and are of such a character as .#
ooioinend themselves to the support of e*., ry
man who earns bis living bj honest labor,
wo are more than surprised at the one-sided,
short-sight, d .elfohuee* to which wc have
jjust referred
Now, unpaUta> !e aa the statement may
«eus, we intuit that the Union whieh holds
itself aloof from such an organization under
! the plea that its particular interests eon not
| be advanced thereby, virtually occupies the
same position that a scab does, who refuses
to belong to his trades union, because he eaa
always command union wage*. The prin
ciple involved is the same in both eases. A
Trades Assembly is simply an enlargement
of the “union” idea. If it is conceded, and
we tb'.os *ew of our readers will mspute the
statement, that the united efforts of 500 men
can acc niplish more than the individual
efforts of the same number, why should net
the efforts of 60 union* acting in concert
for tne attainment of a common purpese, ac
complish more than if acting independent of
each other ?
lo CMe, however, the plot of ignorance,
in any instance, should ba s vslid one, we
print below tbe plstform npos wbieh tbe or
ganuutioo rests, "»ith the promise that soy
party taking exception to its objects, will
have an opportunity of {resenting them
through its organ;
First—To unite the interests of tbe different
Trades’ Unions in this vicinity, so thst they may
form one brotherhood, for the defence of the
rights, and the promotion of >he interest! of the
laboring classes.
i S»c'oud—To examine and discuM thoee state
iaws and city ordinances which may be consid
•-red obnoxious to the wsiisre of the laboiing
classes; to bring them before tbe various
trades with the view of devising ways and means
to abolish tl em in a legal manner ; the commu
nication of facts relating to the several trades
herein represented, in order that the members
in each Union may patronize those employers
only who pay Union prices.
Third—To use all means consistent with our
honor and integrity, to so correct the legislation
of our state aud nation, that it will insure to
the wo.kiog (-'asses their jult rights and privi
lege*.
Fourth—To urge upon the national congress
the consideration of such laws aud meaan-ee as
may tie deemed necessary for the elevation and
well being ol the laboring classes.
rillb—To om our utmost endeavors to im
press upon tbs vartous trade* the necessity for
iLe organize ion of Protective Unions, situ
tbeir respective obligations, and to likewise
labor lor the organization of a National Trades
''ongrese. to be composed of delegates tiom the
General Unions.
Sixth—To use every honorable means in our
power to adjust difficulties that may arise be
tween employers and workman ; to labor assid- j
uouslv for the development of a plan of action
that may be mcuolly beneficial to both parties ; !
to use our influence to discountenance strikes,
except when they become absolutely necessary,
and to devise the bo si manlier ot supporting
•ucu trades ss may be driven to the necessity ot
resorting to such means to force a recognition
of tbeir rights.
If there are any labor organizations which
har° no “rights to defend,” or no “interests
to promote,” of course, they are not em
braced in the above invitation; yet we
should like to bear from any one of them
which would object ic the hour of adversity
when pushed to the wall oy the arbitrary
demands of employers, to reoeive the moral
and pecuniary support of tbeir fallow-work
men; to snow that their cauae was espoused
by the Assembly, and that the mechanics of
Cnicago were rallying as one man to their
support. We supposed it was a fact too
well known to require any demonstration,
that an injury inflicted on one profession is
eventually experienced by all, so that the
talk we so often bear ahotr, independence is
the sheerest bosh, and u*ed only to bide a
craven heart.
!n the next quid her we shall refer to the
aecoml paragraph of the extract. In the
meantime we assure those ditorganiser* who
Are endeavoring to create dissension snd
jealousy, that they are plaiting a whip to
lash themselves, and that it they succeed in
their nefarious purpose, thoy will be among
the first to deplore the result.
A UURaJIU or OPINION.
TLe following christian-like effusion wr-a
received from a gentleman (?) a member of
the Methodist Church, in Rushville, Ind.,
last Tuesday morning. We hardly know
which to commend most highly, itn composi
tion or its spirit. If poor Ananas bad been
alive be might bavs felt a pang of jealousy
in reading it. W* give i verbatim ad Hter
atim :
ltuaaiavill Howard eo Tr.J May 4th 1408 nr a
C Cameron air vou pretend to be tbe working
mans friend if you are you will give the two dol
•ars you have taken oat of the post offices that
I send fry tbe Christian advocate bat if yoa are
a pick pocet and a poat offics rober and tbe la
beling man* knave and tratsr yoa wilt keep my
monney and prove your aeive to bs tush I do
not guet bit dollars bv disboutyT 'guH It by mi
industra you say that some bar* denounced yos
as a republican in disguise and by others as a
noriout copperhead and a traitor to all parties s
a demagogue and enemy yes acd I say a thief
and a Iyer coming out of hit dio in sheens cloth
ing but inverbla a devil taawrlng poat offie* and
every place you eaa emageon that there mite be
a mite that you cold op la In with outgiving va
lue for it now air you will do me a kindness if
not to send an ether shied of yonr nontenee
when 1 reade 1 reade taste thins that i« good
for edification bat if you think that yon will
need twe dollar* to pay year way to tbe lor* rs
gena keep mooneny end paper Writer* to gud
sod tbe contry in which you live 1 hold you bs
nh tbe baaiest rebel In the aoutht and I will not
take an other nomber of yoor corrupt ior t do
tot patetnnise sin David Hawver.
Now, we wiah to aaeure our worthy
brother that tbero ere several inac
curacies in the above statement, to whioh
we desire to oall hie attention. In
tbe first piece we did not take the
letter containing hie sobsoription from the
poat-offiee, as all oar mail m delivered at
oar sanctum ; and ia tbe next place, tt wee
not addressed to tbe Christian A chorale, aa
it bow lies before ua, together with tht en
velope, it being our praetiee to file
all oommanioetiona containing remittance*.
That be ia cm able to appreciate tbe teach
ings of tbe Advocat should exdu no sur
prise, when wo are told that thofk'iptaree
are to the Greeks k oliahneo and to the Jew*
a stumbling-block, riaally, that if w* ac
cepted his $2 to pay ear tor* to the ”lore”
regions, it would be uadar the belief that ia
doing so ho would be asae the poorer, aa hr
is euro to bo dewMsarisd through. Bat ua
it is the height of cruelty to hoop Mm la
euapeaoe, we map aa well touts that hi*
Ite sot MW|iHpftwimw from >«■*»>!■
lud “oopprhwd.” The wbH, drew
forth hi* ire vu the last one wrilten In re
ply «o the Baltimore Wqkly. He thou holds
hrtjhi t ^
I herewith return you two papers- I have no
nas for them any longer. If I want a blade and
tan ahsst I weald rather taM the New York
Ti.oune, If yon think you can betray the labor
moveanaS hi advueetiag yonr d—d nigger doc
trine, you will 8ud yea oannei lend me.
9%
To ah jw our readers, however, that the
A&vocati- ts not looked upon aa a traitorous
black-end-tan ah set bj all of its patrons, wo
solsot the following extracts from a few let
ters received during the past few days. The
Ant is from n lanndiug labor reformer in
Pennsylvania t
PiTTSBcaon, May S, 1868.
Me Oaaaaaa.
Bib—I atta.ept to drop a few lines, and would
key that 1 receive year ever welcome aad highly
pri* u paper, and aa ivug aa I oen raise two dol
lars and a half, I want aad will lake the Advo
cate
The fallowing is from one of the moot in
telligent trie nde of the labor movement in
the State of Ohio:
Ciscissati, May 4, 1888.
Mv Deal Oinm :
Enclosed ftnd $8.80 for a renewal of the Ad
vocate I will be bard np, indeed, when I oan
not nay fe. it. I look upon it as the stand by of
workingmen throughout the country , standing,
as It has faithful among thu faithless. I bare
watched your course with touts interact, au4 the
only wonder I have is that you bav* kept so
clear of all entangling alliance! as you have.
Wiab'og you every success, and assuring you I
will do all I oan to attend the influence and
circulation of your paper,
I remain yours Jtc , X,
Again, the.Yioe President of the National
Labor Union, for the State of Teoneseee,
writes :
Nasutuxi, April 28, 1868. j
***** • “If this plan meet* your j
approval, Mr. Editor, I hope you will agitate it:
through your paper, wu^rb I look upon aa the
last hope of the Labor mcremeut in this coon
try." R. |
And here is another, in a similar strain: I
COALTON, Kr., May 10, 1868.
Ha. A. 0. Classes :
Dun Sib: Kniiused please find-for the
Coal ton club to the Advocate I think 1 shall
toon be able to send you several mire subscrib
er* ; at least I have the prony-e of a good many.
Nothing would give me more pleasure than to
send you a much larger club, for I think it ia the
beat paper a working man can aupport, and
therefore 1 will try my utmost for it. J. L.
To the writers of all of these we desire to
return our thanks, and assure them we (hall
purine the e»«n tenor of our wuj, and en
deavor to continue to merit their approba
tion, even though oar ‘-Ingiene* friend doee
read for edification.
__
THE REFORM MOVEMENT.
W v regret to learn from tome of our cor
respondent* the idea prevails among many
intelligent friends of the Labor Movement,
that it is too confined and contracted in ite
views, and that to be effective and suocessful
it must take a broader and more compre
hensive range. Now, if those gentlemen
who advance these views would take the
troubU to examine the platform adopted at
tha session of the Congress in Chicago, we
think they would arrive at a very different
conclusion, besides being convinced that if
they have heretofore stood aloof, or occupied
an equivocal position, thu fault lies exclu
sively with themselves. So far from this
being the case, it has been tbe endeavor of
those most , eminently connected with tbe
movement, to secure tbe co operation of all
men, irrespective of party or calling, who
could in any measure direct public opinion
to the wrongs ■sought to he redressed, or en
list the sympathies of the masses to effect
their removal.
The Labor movement contracted in its
scope I Why it is the most catholic and
comprehensive reform of tbe age. it is the
battle of right against wrong ; of light
against darkness; of truth against corrup
tion ; of mus<i' against poaey. It is the
movement of the people against tbe intrigues,
cunning and robbery of debauched, design
ing politicians. 1 • doubt its success, would
be treason against com "ion sense, and tbe
principles of republican guvernnrnt.
It is true that up to the present time the
interests of those who earn their living by
manual labor have been made to a certain
extent a speciality, bat there is no reason to
infer because such has been tbs case, that
nil other interests have been ignored. If a
preference bn been given to the claime of
honest labor, it must not be forgotten that
the movement was initiated by its represent
atives, and that tbe producing olasses are
more directly interested in the reform*
sought to be accomplished, than any other
in the community. Neither must it be for
gotten that workingmen, by their training!
and the nsuure of tbair arooatione, have
been pr sluded from enjoying thoee privi
lege* possessed by others more favored, and
consequently a greater prea. re and a more
persistent effort is required U secure among
them tha' oo-operation which is essential to
success. Tet this fact, instead of forsak
ing a reason why a purely selfish interest
should control the actions or deliberations
of thoee who have tbe welfare of the masses
at heart, furnishes one of the strongest argu
ments in favor of securing the influence and
sympathy of all men who can, and do, eee
that tbe surest way to remove the evils com
plained of, is to remove the oausee which
produce them. Such an invitation baa been
extended in good faith time and -gain, and
we aaaare our friend* that if they have fan
ed to avail themaelvea of it, the fanlt does
not lie with the officers or members of the
National Labor Union.
IMPORTANT-VERY.
The following highly important announce'
meat ia going the rounds of the daily preaa:
The statement telegraphed hsuoe last Tuesday
eight, that A. T. Stewart, of New Yerk, ia here
for the parpoae of persuading General Grant to
decline in advance the nomination at Chicago,
la wholly incorrect. Mr. Stewart ia here, hot
For no such parpoae. The paragraph in a Balti
more paper was pointed oat to Mr. Stewart this
morning, sod he pronounced It an unmitigated
falsehood. lie says be believes Grant will be
naminsted without opposition, and that even if
Johnson is not deposed by the Senate, Grant
will be elected by the people.
We asked the question some time einoe,
why it ie that A. T Stewai t, me of the j
heaviest bondholders in the country, and
hitherto a leading democrat, bad promised
to spend cue million of dollars to secure
General Grant’s nomination and election T
While we b«Te never read a satisfactory ex
planation for hie anxiety, we believe every
reader of the Advocate will be vary apt to
form his own conclusions. Why should A.
T. Stewart’s opinioo or intention exercise a
greater influence on the public mind than
that of the hum bleat citizen in the land ?
What gives it an undac influence ? Is his
■oral or intellectual character so much
above that of hia (allow mortals, that such
rubbish s % the foragoisigahoold be telegraphed
ever the cows try. The answer «»y be easily
denned. It is his mousy, obtained by a
species of robbery—some people aaftit buei
noaa tact—wbiah suabiaa btm, and uBhha
turn, to wield such an unhallawui luflumm.
Strip them of it, and they wuuM be Bka
8ar,«m shorn of W* meka; tttffw is aot
me a peliMeaaa in theoewntry who would
• •
tfe, reader, it to that corned money power,
md thU eicm* which shags* tbo fcafcnto. rf
tha nation, which nbeovh* fto wealth of tha
sonatrj, whMt hertera tha peopiwto llbartiea,
u>d Which haa mads oar eoaatry enlym ra
igently realise these beta, and determina to
Isotroy *he system, which aaablaa it to da so
sad ItgmUam mek robbery, they will continue
to ba tha jumping jacks in tha kanda of a
pack of unprincipled knaves.
iimcMtirr.
Impeachment lags. Owing to the “defec
tion” of several senators the result Is ex
tremely doubtful, and while it is neither our
province or desire to enter into the merits of
the ease, ws hope far tha honor ot the Amer
ican senate, that ao member, no matter to
what faction ho belongs,will allow hia delib
erately formed verdict to bo perverted by
the plea of party necessity. The man who
does so, under any circumstance*, to unwor
thy the respect of friend or foe, and will re
ceive, as he deserves, the execration of all
honorable men long after tha paaaioas of tha
hour haa been forgotten. Par the benefit of
our readers, who may desire to preserve H
for future reference, we reprint the follow
ing memorandum from the New Turk Sue:
The daces of the various stages of ee tmpsafi
ant an eve at in our history ee the impeaohmeas
trial of the President of the United States far
high crimes and misdemeanors may be worth
preserving, and w- therefore give them. The
bouse of representatives voted to impeach Pre
sident Johnson, Monday, February 34, 1868.
The fact was announced by a com ini ties of the
houee at the bar of the senate, Tuesday, Februa.
ry 38. Article* of impeachment were adopted
by the house, Monday, March A Additional ar
ticles were adopted, Tuesday, March 3. The se
ries of articles was presented to tbe senate by a
committee of the house, Wednesday, March 4.
The senate organised as a court for tbe trial of
tbe president, Chief Justice Chase in the chair,
Thursday, March 8- The summon* requiring
tbe president to appear and answer the article*
of impeachment was served on him, with a oopy
of tbe article*, Saturday, March 7. The presi
dent appeared by hia counsel, Friday, March It,
and asked for a period of forty daya in which to '
prepare and serve his answers to the article*
The senate fixed the time for the presentation •
of hie answers, Monday, March 23, and on the 1
day they were read before tbe senate by hie |
counsel- On the following day the managers on
tbe part of the house presented their replication
to the president's answer*, and it was read be- j
fore the senate. Tbe trial commenced Monday,
March 30, on which day Mr. Butler opened the
case ou the part of tbe managers. Tbe Mana
gers introduced their testimony during that
week, and closed their case Saturday, April 4,
having oonaumed six day*. The defence of tbe
president commenced Thursday, April 9, the
opening speech iu hia behalf beiug made by Mr.
Curtia The defence occupied until Saturday,
April 18, in the introduction of their testimony,
haviag consumed nine days. A little'additional
testimony was put in by each party, Monday
April 20.' The summing up of the ease was com
menced by Mr. Boutweil, Wednesday, April 33.
Two weeks and one day were devoted to the
closing arguments, wherein Messrs. Boutweil,
Stevens, Williams and Bingham spoke for the
managers, and Messrs. Nelson,lirosbeck, Evans,
and Staaberry for tbe president, Mr. Bingham
finished his speech Wednesday, May 6.
THE PRESIDENCY AGAIN.
We learn from several of our exchangee
that the claim of Generals Hancock and
Cary are being vigorously pushed forwtrd
by several friends of the Labor movement, as
tbe people's cboioe for President and Vice
President of the United States. The New
York Qlabe publishes a letter from Mr. Wu.
Svlvis endorsing the nominations, while the
Washington Union of the 8tb inst., takes a
similar position. Wh.ie we believe Gt-oerel
Hancock to be a true patriot and a gallant
ge^ral, we think it premature, until his
position on the finaneial question is an
nounced, to commit ourselves for or against
him. All we desire to say at prosent is,
should he .ubsenbe to ths principles of the
National Labor Platform, and thereby show
that be is iu practical sympathy with the
reform movement, the Advocats will give
him an honest and hearty support.
RHIOTAL OF RAILROAD SHOPS.
We learn from a reliable souroe, .hat tbe
extensive workshops of the Michigan South
ern Railroad, now situated iu La Porta, are
shortly to be removed to Elkhart, the com
pany having recently secured an extensive
trust of land on which to erect their new
buildings. The loaa will be a severe one to
La Porte, as some $80,000 are disbursed there
monthly by the company.
Tbe Illinois Central Railroad Company
have also purchased 50 acres at Hyde Park,
seven miles from this city, intending, in a
few months, to r '.ve ths oar department
of the road to that locality.
Another Ce-Laborer.
Ws have just reoeived ths first number of
the National Industrial Advocate, a hand
somely printed seven column paper, publish
ed at Washington, D. C. Its editor, H. R.
Austin, evidently wields a trenchant pen,
and in his inaugural pledges an undivided
support to the principles of the Nation
Labor Party. We wish it the highest meas
ure of su.'oess, and have no doubt but tha^
it will prove a welcome visitor at ear table.
A Chance for the Unemployed.
Tbe St. Paul Dispatch says: A greater scarcity
of labor prevails now iu Minnesota than at any
former period. It exists both in town and coun
try. Wages of mechanics are enormo<' '.y high,
ranging from fi.50 to $4 per day, and yet great
difficulty i* experienced in supplying tbo de
mand.
Two dollars and fitly cents per day is cer
tainly an enormous compensation to a mat.
who works ten hoars to obtain if, snd has a
wife ar ' family to support How long, we
should -.'.a to know, would ths capitalists of
St Pau. iu satisfied with an equivalent ooa*
penaation. _
Wa learn from ths Detroit Union that
Messrs. Trevellick snd Sylvia addressed the
workingmen of that city, on Friday evening,
May 8tb, on the principles of the Labor Re
form Party._
The Roaldsrs’ International Journal. ]
The April number of Una publication ban
just some to hand. Tbe editor in urging a
full representation at file Toronto Conven
tion, in July next, says :
Let me urge upon every Ua.oa the very greet
necessity of being represented in the next Con
vention. Questions of the most rital Importance
must be coo side red. Our prosent system of tax
ation has not giver, satisfaction ; the rules regu
lating strikes are nueh complained of, and many
are iu fcvor of * beneficial feature, while a large
number favor direct legislation in favor of co
operation. Ail of tbeoe things are of great im
portance, and ovary Union is equally interested
in them.
a e e e * o •
Bol the meet important of ail tbe so tracts
that w;ll eone before tbe Toronto Convention
will be a propoeitiup to dissolve tbe Internation
al Union u U upw stands, aud upon ita rains
build two or more separate organiaatioaa. It
•ee.cs to me that tbe mere mention of this fact
should be au4elent to induce every Union to
•end a delegate, no nutter what the coat or bow
great tbe sacrifice.
e
A writer is a New Tart paper dwmibsi
as below the a bower bath now in am In the
penitentiaries of tbe state. And ttt e*U
ourselves n civilised, etj, n Christian aom
LABOR ITEMS.
Iris estimated that at least 8,000 men are
Mw, or bar* been lately, on a strike for
higher wages in New York city and vieinity.
Tbe house-carpenters and joiners, receiving
fffrft per day, demanded $4. The masons,
receiving $1,50 per day, demand $5. The
bricklayer* secured their demand for $5 at
once, and oontractora are looking for men at
$5,50 per dajr. The day laborers in tbe
building trade, receive $3,25 per day and
demand $2,50. A force of police is stationed
at the docks to preserve order, "he carvers,
receiving $3 per day, ask 3,50. The bakers
ask a reduction of time from 15 to 12 houra,
and an increase of wage* from $15 to $20
per week.
At Windsor,. Vermont, it is said that se
venty five of tbe penitentiary prisoners are
employed in making scythe snathes, and
make ten thousand annually. This is com
plained of as a serious interference with the j
regular trade.
Tea journeymen shoemaker* of New York
■at in mass-meeting last week to protest
against the proposed twenty per cent, reduc
tion on their present rate of wages. An ex
pression of tbs purpose of the meeting was
hsd in s resolution which wan adopted, to
the effsAt that no decrease in the price of la
bor would be accepted by the workmen.
The master ship-builders of Detroit have
reduced the wages of their best carpenters
and caulkers to $2 60 per diem.
Dobing the last two weeks of April, the
New York Labor Exchange, at Castle Gar- ■
den, procured places for fourteen hundred >
and four emigrants, whilst it had applicants
for help to tbs number of sixteen hundred
ami thirteen persons. Tbe aveiage rate of
wages procured for these people Was $15 a
month for the males, and $3 S3 for the fe
males.
At Milford, Mass., 600 bottomera have struck
for higher wages, but their employers pro
pose to stop work rather tbaD pay it. In
Millord thfre are one thousand shoemakers,
and they have «ork only about ooa half tbe
time.
Tna various strikes for higher wages in
New York, continue without much change,
and the passenger railway and omnibus driv
ers are said to meditate a demand for higher
wages also.
Ths New York carvers have determined to
s.rike for an increase of fifteen par cent, on
their wage*. The average wages of journey
men carvers is stated at $15,00 to $17,00 per
week, while some are making $20,00, and
others are working for $13.
Tna bakers of New York and Brooklyn
held a mass meeting in the latter city on
Saturday, May 9th, preliminary to a strike.
Addresses ware made by several society men,
from which it appears that there are up
wards o«‘ 6,000 bakers in New York and more
than 2,000 in Brooklyn ; that th y are harder
worked than any other class of mechanics in
either city, having to labor from sixteen to
nineteen houra per diem, for which they re
ceive only $11 to $14 per week. Foremen,
however, in large establishments, receive
from $18 to $20. Deeming the wages too
small and the hoars too long, the societies
uow propose to insist open $18 per week
and twelve hours1 work. If this demand is
resisted by the employers these men will
I cease work. One of the speakers asserted
that several employers were In the practioe
of engaging German immigrants at Castle
Garden at woges not higher than $5 a m oth,
and to retain them in service, promised an
advance of $1 a month at tbe expintioo of
a year.
Thi New York cabinet makers bane de
termined to ask an increase of from ten to
twenty per cent, in ibeir wages, but a defi
nite time for striking has lot been deter
mined upon.
_
CORRESPONDENCE.
FROM NEW YORK.
Nsw York, M»y 4, 1868.
T« th« Editor of the WoitiniaiiA*** Aoyooati.
The month so wtlcome to all who toil for
their bread, “charming, smiliog Hay,” is
here once more, and almost every mechanic
is preparing sfter the long and very severe
winter, to take advantage of it. Employ
ment has now become pretty general; but 1
am sorry to have still te writ* that the Eight
Hour movement does not progress so rapidly
here ai it might do, if men were to do what
they do not do—join the several Unions and
boldiv demand it. W orkiogmen a* yet seem
unable to comprehend the great benefits to
be derived from it, socially, morally, and
pecuniarily, lu»y fail to see that short
hours mesas more work and higher wages.
All are asking for higher pey, forgetting
that they might have the two things by ask
ing for the one first, and thus kill two birds
with one stone, aa it has now been proved by
demonstration that shortening the hours has
in all cases, where tried, advanced the
wages. I confess I feel myself humiliated
when going to work of a morning, I see one
of my friends, a member of the Plasterers’
! association, 'as comfortably seated reading
the news, or attending to his garden, he
aalutea me with “food morning si*M,” so I
see that you can lUll give two hours a day
te capital, that with a very little effort you
might have for yourself to recruit your
health and prolong your life; and what is
better than all, you would get better paid
for your labor, and also much better respect
ed by your bom. When I worked ten hours
t day they meed to grumble at paying $4,
now they freely give $6 for eight bourn.
Every one toW us it would not work, but
we knew ft war right and just, nod therefore
we made it work, and now ail are satisfied
with it. I asked > do you think there is as
much work done now as under the old sys
tem ? he answered, 1 see no diffsrenoe; be
oaaae we are always fit for work, we don’t
get exhausted like we used to be unde, the
ten boor system. These were facts that I
could not dispute, eo hurried on to be in
time for a ten hour day, leaving my friend
to get bit break last at his leisure and then
be in time for eight o’clock. But in going
along I could not help deploring the help
lass condition that one-balf of the mechanics
are io through the apathy and neglect of the
others; these men will do nothing them
eelvee nor vet allow any one eta* to do it for
them. They won’t jtxn the Union, and if
you demand anything sad strike for it. they
will be the first to take your place, aad thua
effectually Mock the wheels of progress.
These men an the especial pats of the bosses
whose tools they become, and an used by
them to ken in check, aa tl.sy call it, die
better otasa of workmen. The question that
must be solved is, what is In we dean with
these obstructions ? They an far wens to
deal with than the slaves o^the booth wore,
for they would taka their freedom os soon
sa they got the opportunity, and wen ready
sod wilitag to fight too it; but •these men
refuse to either fight lor it or nomas it whan
procured for them, but. Instead, plant them
selves ri^bt in your path and efiknlnsHy nan
The Dry Goads darks Imve now left their
old ball in the Bnwqy.no Mag known at
"Esdy OMug Hall." and hum taken up
ill bough I bell** there were do livee loat ;
but ttMir cm* serve* to illustrate to* prio
Uple “that to aceotepWh a peat eight, we
Boat an*rim|S do a Hltlt wrong” When
Brat orgHiteto, *>d after toe matter had
been eoai* time diacuseed, It vu BoalW re
•olved that on a atated night all too store*
should he oloasd at seven o’clock. Nearly
all hi the dtp agreed to it, and wbat was
more acted up to their promises. There
were, however, a few in Catherine street and
Sixth Avenue who refused, after repeated re
quests respectfully made, to do so. Those
men bad to be dealt with; a trusty commit
tee was appointed, and at the appointed time
thoae windows want in ; after that the abut
ters ware pet up at 7 P.M., punctually ever*
night, and the great battle of early elosing
waa won, and is still maiataited. But fur
these strong measures no doubt in a short
time (through the obstinacy of these few
men) all would have relapsed into their old
habits again, o( closing at tea o’clock. The
history of dry goods clerks is the history of ,
ell other trades. A few are able by their
obstinacy to defeat every rood work of the
many. 1* there no way to do a lillle wrong
in such case* that great good may be accom
plifthed I
The Cooper* still hold oat manfully, and
several of the other trade* are supporting
them, and many of the Sugar Houaes have
»g eed to give out contracts to the men
themselves, thus getting rid of bosses alto
gether ; if they do this they will be able to
get barrels cheaper and the actual workman t
will be better paid, for it is these middlemen
that a land between the workman and the
consumer, that take all the profit; their
motto is "duop labor and dear barrels.” If
the men eart n augurate a system of taking
contracts on tt eir own account, the strike
will soon end ia favor of the men, for there
is nothing succumb* sooner under a flank
movement than capital.
The Operative Masons have resolved to
demand $5 per day, commencing on the ith
of May, <iothing said about hours. The re
nion should be to demand eight hour? a
day and say nothing about wages, let them
regulate themselves.
rbe Co-operative Building Associations (of
which there are three) organised some three
months ago, begin now to assume form and
shape. They have recently bought a large -
number of lots in Brooklyn, and will shortlv
commence to build j as soon as they do that (
no doubt their numbeis will greatly increase,
for when men see some tangible proof that
the thing is not got up to make money they
will have confidenoe in it, and ere long many
workingmen will have what all ought to have
—a bouse of their own at a very moderate
outlay. We have a new kind of co operation
just started. The employees of large firms
unite together in co-operation, choose a com
mittee, who buy all they require at wholesale
prices and then distribute. It is said that
from $1 50 to $2 each can be saved by the
process; no store rent to pay, no superin
tendent or other expenses. This furnishes
soother proof that workingmen are daily be
coming more alive to their own interests.
We have lor.g had branches of the Amalga
mated Society of Engineers in the States,
and there is one in New York. Now we
have a branch of the Amalgamated Society
of Carpenters (whose head-quarters are in
England,) which has recently been organiz
ed, and others are to follow. They have re
solve-1 to co-operate with the Union here in
demanding $4 a day. These Amalgamated
Unions are formed on the true principle that
every trades union should bo formed on, as
they take the apprentice, learn him his trade,
protect him all his life by assisting him
when sick, or out of employment, giving him
at all limes s living rate of wages, then bnry
him when ha dies and care for his widow
and orphans after death, so that from the
moment he enters and becomes a free mem
ber of one of these unions he is independent
all his life. It is much to be ragretted that
all unions are not formed on this basis ; one
reason I think is that the laws are not suffi
ciently understood, and I think would be
doing a great service to workingmen gener
ally if you would publish the constitution of
one of the amalgamated societies in the Ad
vocate, as you could afford space from week
to week to do it, so that their principles
might be more widely known. These asso
ciations generally accumulate large funds,
and that is the link that keeps men together
firmly. But I have exceeded my space now,
but shall return to the sutyvet again.
Mccuamc.
FROM MARYLAND.
Baltin "AS, Mat 9, 1#88.
, Caaacptio* II ini OiTT Cooicil—Tmn Mbia.ha Ex
PILLED-—HOW RilLBOiO BoAM AU KlIKJlAIO-TlN
Citt Ottals—Badical Coxtiitidn, Ac.
T» thi UiDr of Um WoaRiaoMAN's Adtocati.
As I intimated in my last, we have had
j quite a spicy .time in our city council. Some
i time since, the Western Maryland Railroad
; Company applied to the city council to have
fro a eighteen to twer'y-fire thousand dol
lars worth of bonds endorsod. The matter
came up for action in the ouncil, and some
I of the honorable (f) gentlemen thought there
I «as money in it, tnd after calculating the
1 chances, a trio took the matter in bands, and
! considered
■ow railroad bonds ark enborsid.
Accordingly, Councilman Bullock, 19th ward,
waited on the president of the road, ex-mayor
John Lee Chapman, and after a social con
versation it was agreed that the matter
' should be put through, in consideration of
' the payment of three thousand dollars, hon
est John taking Bullock’s receipt for one
\ thousand dollars for services rendered. The
i bonds were tadorsed, signed, and negociated
I through the city register, and “honest”
! John received the money, m nus the “shav
ing amount,” But the compensation money
for the eery valuable services rendered by
Messrs. Bullock A Co., was Dot coming forth,
and so they called on “honest” John, but
that very honest official promised to see the
‘ ‘contractors,” and aee what coold be done
for the virtuous councilman. But alae I for
human frailty; aa the poet sings, “Man's
ingratitude to man, makes countless thous;
i sods mourn,” and the ingratitude of “honeaf
John has brought to grief three of our ooun
dlmen. It was too much for honest John’s
honesty, and so he let the “cat out of the
bag.” Now, whether the ex-mayor wanted
to let the tax-payers, sae that the demoeratic
conservative council is as oorrupt and rotten
as their predecessors of the radical school
were, or that a vivid recollection of the
charges laid against himself in the late
mayoralty election, was tht oauae of his
bringing the guilty member* to punishment,
I am usable to say. But be that as it may,
be was the mesne of exposing the guilty par
ties. The council immediately appointed a
committee of investigation, who, after hear
ing the testimony in the ease, reported in
favor of expelling the three members, Mr.
Charles, from the first ward; Mr. Otter, from
the third ward ; and Mr. Bellock, from the
nineteenth ward. Aa a matter of course,
this littfe episode has mad* ail parties a little
cautious how they move la the
CITT OFFAL,
or night soil business. Bet such matters
aeon Mow over, and thia matter will soon
blow over, and then it will be brought be
fore the council and passed. And why not f
There is money in the thing, and what’s a
man when money has to be made,
is no doubt but it will be done well,
for it is to have “Able Rain” connected with
it, and if the work be not done well they
amid their “devil»”2Ln and knock it all in
“pie.”
the badical republican coni MSI ion
■■BVWPMPiHIHHBPaiaHniSRHWaMPMPWIl rtHMN II I I. III ...
Mh, OB Taaaday night. The new bill of
prim* wne reparted, pending the eooaidera
two of which they adjourned.
The Journeymen iiwji Carpenters had
mte a good turn out on Wednesday night:
rhinga are looking up a little in this organ! -
lation. They atiil hare thair aew oonatita
Lion under consideration.
The Bricklayers had a good turn out on |
Thursday night. Things are prosperous with
them, at least, d they say, and l base no
reason to doubt it.
The Ilod Camera struck fur an advance,!
bt* I have not been able to learn what aoc
cesa they have met with. 1 will know more '
by my next. Yours, Ac., Vaarr*» '
___- 1 I
FIRM PERRSYLVAR1A.
Philadelphia, May 12,1868.
TotLa Editor of tha Woanvoaia'a A»ve«)»VE.
Never since the labor movement oom
meneed to engage any portion of mv atten
tion bos there existed s > greet a dearth of
items likely to prove interesting to yoar rea
ders. The interest manifested in the im
peachment seems to have absorbed every
thing outside, and men’s tongoes cannot be
made to wag upon any other subject no
more than ere their ears content to listen to
any other. At every street corner, at al
most every lamp-post end tree-box, la all the
bar-rooms and other public places, knots of
men are engaged in an evidently earnest
discussion as to the merits of the case. One
man expresses l!* tself as anxious fof convic
tion, another as j ust as desirous that A. J.
may continue in the house “at the other end
of the avenue,” and but few seem to view the
queslion in its proper light. Ot what avail
is it to the man of toil whether, in this dcs- J
perute struggle to obtain possession of the
reins of government, the bouse of represen
tatives, or at least the ruling faction in that1
body, are successful ? Or what does the
producer, the farmer or the mechanic, expect
to gain should the president and bis friends
socoeed in repulsing the assaults of the rad
icals ? The claims of labor to a more equi
table administration of the laws, or their 1
demands for the enactment of statutoa which
shall not favor a monied aristocracy, will
•till be, as they have ever heretofore been,!
completely ignored, L*d aside as matters of
too trivial a character t> demand the atten-'
tion of the savants who dish ap our legisla
tion, when the power, patronage and emolu
ments of the public offices are at stake. ,
Measures ore daily inaugurated and pushed
with an energy worthy of a better cause, j
the tendency of which is to increass rather 1
than diminish the load of taxation under
which the over-worked under-paid laborer
is struggling. Uniike in the good old days
ol the past, party cureeese is not a victory
for principle. The whole political world has
become a vast concourse for runners in s
race for power. The poor man who bos to
bear all, is not considered worthy a thought. ,
Measures calculated to benefit him are not j
given the (lightest attention. Money will
purchase nine-tenths of our public men and
politics is to-day one large maos of reeking
corruption. All the honorable deeds of all
the honorable (?) senators and representa
tives contributing to the present turmoil at
oar national capital might be recorded in a
plain hand on a space no larger than the
face ofa gold dollar. Workingmen while
they acknowledge the truth of what I have
•aid, persistently continue to deposit their
ballots for men who have grown gouty at the
public crib. Apart from the self selling
propensities ot oar government politicians
there are bat few, educationally capociated
to coaduot the affairs of the country. They
entertain ideas much better suited to the
i times a century since, and they ding with a
j “death grip” to these chronic ideas, and
stuff their ears to the complaints of suffer
ing constituencies, who, wmle they complain
of the course pursued and measures adopted,
! take no steps looking to a remedy. Work
| logmen would do much better for themselves
i to talk and think less of these grand politi
| cal coup-Je-ebitM and turn the time thus oc
' oupied to the looking up ot new men suited
i to the times, who will, at least, give an oc
{ casional thought to the welfare of the peo
iple.
TUX CARPENTERS AND JOINERS
having experienced nsob difficulty in induc
ing mauy backward members to connect
I tnemsclves with the Union, lost week took
the initiatory step towards tns organisation
of a reading association, and to take mea
euros looking to the srsetion of a reading
room and tbsacoTIS&ion of a library. Ad
dresses were made by several gentlemen fa
voring the movement and the meeting ad
journed, feeling confident of being able at
an early day to accomplish their object.
the stove and hollow-ware holders
held a meeting Saturday evening for the par
pose of organising a co-operative asoooia
tion. They have not as yet decided how
they intend to raise the stock, but it is swp
posed it will be paid in monthly instalments
of $10 dollars each, $25 to be paid in cash
immediately upon becoming • member of the
association.
THE UNIONS
throughout the city, with one or two excep
tions, are allowing their affairs to lag fear
fully. Now that trade is picking up and tbs
demand for mechanics equals the supply,
they seem to become imbued with a serene
contentment that pictures the Union to them
as a something useful only when the day of
adversity comes.
WILLIAM B. MANN.
’Several of our city dailies are just now
engaged in a crusade against this worthy,
who occupies the position, at present, of
district attorney. The “name or fame” of
Wm. B. Mann extends from the Atlantic to
the Pacific. He is charged with all sorts of
crimes and misdemeanors, not the least of
which is that of defeating the Republican
ry at the election last fall. * • « •
B. M. is charged with having neglected
to bring to the bar of justice criminals ol
various dyea, and alto of having, in conjunc
tion with some of our judicial potentate
aided, unlawfully, in the remission of acu
teness and otherwiae tampering with juries’
decisions. 0. Ren. J.
FISH OHIO.
Ouiui, May S, 1888.
*• Ui« tutor of tko fmiMun Abtooati.
Oberlin will go tor Groat with all hirto
bacco filthiness, profanity aad al«hnh/.i.fl in.
temperence, undoubtedly, although the baa
pronounced against all these things from
dae immemorial, aad a poor otodaat would
hare been expelled in the past, at least, fpr
persistence in the ase of either, especially
the tob .0. ffiist man has done aa much
aa U. S. Grant, for tha demoralisation of
our nation, especially our young men t His
very namo ia suggestive of tobacco smoke
a* much aa of powder smoke. 1 envy not
the man who coaid thus demoralise a nation.
I write from experience as well aa observa
tion, having hut jast escaped death ia the
nae of the weed. I am not. however, a young
convert from its qm aad liable to return, but
a veteran ia Its disuse of soma thirty-five
Tears, and moaoy woold act tempt me to re
tarn to tbo vile intoxicating, disgusting ha
bit.
Lot as inscribe up m oar bowsers tbs name ‘
of EHb« Barriti, tfc* Imwotd bi»cks*itL, u
oar candidal s far the prasideacy. A man
i without rspscaah, a triad man, aad on* east
A parse mam than was WssWsgtos, orsa, ft
is believed, awd ana who wffl use his fata
aaas to diminish oar expanses to the miau
maa^ aad owe whose qsalifications for tk*
tar this poritioo is far iktri every other.
Wha has not hoard aad road of the learned
blacksmith? Assass of daiy alone would
iadase him lo accept the asmiasHoa, 1 am
panaadod, aad this ia jo* the style of maa
■iatafcsa than ha has hitherto, If h* dssiroa
to ho Ntaraod to Magmas.
Who tool! bo ear —iHiati for riot-pro
ld#Bl j *>« '•be Hon Alexande
hHBfHMll f R« ll A Trterftf) In the CAOI0 of
oduatry, and I know not why we may not
onflda In him. I know of no man who baa
tronger claim* upon the aufT'rarc* of labor
ogmen, bat I hare not the . ensure of a
eraonal aequaiataoM with the gentleman.
1 see that Greeley, Ward, of Detroit, Ac.,
be., bare met In council again recently.
*t os keep oar eye on them, for tbe'r more
wit* bode no good to our industrial armies,
bis is oertatin.
I noticed a most scandalous article in the
Workingman't Appeal, of last weak, rsspect
ng the colored man, professing to hare
one from Prof. Aggasii. If appears to be
>ut forth as a feeler by the editor of that, in
nanr respects, excellent sheet. The article
* a lie, manifestly upon its very face, who
her or not It proceeded from Aggaii* i1-;.
s apparent to all who will oxeretae their
-eason upon it, I am informed by an indi
vidual here, that Aggasis denies the antbor
ibip of it. This is certain to my mi fid, to*
sit:—that the industrial classes can never
ibtaiu their rights obile denying them to
(he colored man We stand or fall with him
and for this l am willing. We do not de
»erre liberty until we are willing to share it
with our colored brother, for he is of on*
blood with u*, and the future mav prove him
our superior, morally at least, if indeed this
Is not already proven. I claim to know
something on this subject from experience,
having spent the last thirty-four years in
their midst, as it were. They an* brave aud
naturally susceptible as to religious inHuen
oes. I see no reason why education will not
make them fully our equals in ail respects,
and possibly our superiors. It is believed
by some that there are good reasons for be
lieving the raoe will become even sup irior
to us
My introductiun b is crowded mv article
into the future. E. M. Lbonabd.
FROM MISSOURI.
Ft. Maky's, May 3, 1S6S.
To tbe Editor of the W<j»k isqman's Apv-cati.
A* something mull be done soon, I write,
knowing tbe sentiments of the workingmen
of the West. I have no fears of being suc
cessfully contradicted, when I say they arc
thoroughly disgusted with both tbe present
political parties of the country, for the faith
less disregard of solemn pledges often made
but never performed, the unwarantable viola
tions of the most sacred obligations, and the
utter abandonment of the ancient lindrr.nik*
of our government, by the shameless usurp
ations of political power, and that if they
(the workingmen of this country) had any
confidence in any channel through which
they might make known their want*, they
would organize a workingmen’s partv im
mediately, and speak to public servants in
the lin6ii..g: of command—language that
becomes “the People, from whom *11 rightful
powers of government are derived." They
would say, as a basis to teach iaw-uiakers,
that "tbe unbiased decisions of the supreme
court of the United States shall he final, as
to the constitutionality of ail congressional
and state legislation.'’ They would say,
that "as public debt is destructive of the lib
erties cf the people, (that shall be held par
amount to all law,) the national debt shall
be paid by tbe assessmen: up n the present
property of the country, and not be .shifted
from those who owtf the' debt to the futuro
earnings of Labor, that owes no part of it.’*
They would say, that “as the landlord and
tenant system of Europe that is so rapidly
and fearfully being fixed upon this country,
is sure to destroy the liberties of the people,
change our form of government, by creating
an aristocracy, and disfranchise the masses,
that oongress stall radically change our mis
chief-making, ruainous land ij stem declare
all our vacant land* public property, and
subject to the Homestead law, pay back the
purchase money to all who have entered an d
obtained titles to the wild lands ol this
country, and discontinue forever the
sale of land, or giving away land, except to
actual settlers." They would say that ‘‘the
people shall have immediate control of all
public servants, who owe obedience to their
employers at all times, an d as many ques
tions arise during toe terms of offi e for
which persons are elected, that are not dis
cussed or decided by tbe p polar rot -at
elections, we hold all public servants as
i subject to instructions by their constituents,
and that in all cases where any public ser
vant tries to become the people's master, by
| refusing to ob*y the instruction* of his
constituents, when fairly and lawfully pre
sented to tbe incumbent, be shall forfeit his
I office, and the people may proceed to elect
another, who shall in all eases superce ie the
person refusing to obey, or c imply with
| such instructions.
Now, air, with these great and fundament
al principles of popular right, to which all
workingmen will subscribe, adopted in a
convention of workingmen that should be
baid the coming summer, wo cannot only
carry the presidential election by an over
wbalming majority of honest votes, next
fall, bin we will save ourselves and fellow
workiagtwen. all over our “Great Republic,”
from the calamities of soother sense1 is
I civil war, the criminal waste of mill' . ,
public money, the national scandal of a.
impeachment farce, and stay the already
unendurable taxation that party faction
bond holders have fixed, or may fix, upon
us workingmen, and also forever close the
: door to land speculation (the greatest curse
I to man) that is consuming more than half
the earnings of Labor, which must always
(if continued) keep the masses poor, by
building up aristocratic, overgrown fortunes
for a few, who despi-w workingmen for per
mitting what they o» . so easily prevent.
Respectfully,
Wm. U. Dodui.
FROM WISCONSIN.
Hanrui, May 6,13G8.
T» th« latter at the Woituuii'i Asvvcavv,
i At a regular meoting of tbe Machinist* ami
Blacksmiths Union, of this city, tbe fraternal
frienda and social companions of the late S.
H. Gilbert, who came to hia death by the
explosion of tbe boiler of the propeller Gov
ernor Cushman, Friday morning, May 1st,
the following preamble and resolutions were
unanimously adopted :
Wniasas, iy dispensation of our Ileaveuly
Father we k*.T: jn*t been reminded, in tbe death
•f oar late comrade aod brother S. II. Gilbert
of the immutability of God’s providence, an I
the frail tenure by which we hold our temporal
existence.
Am> W erases. While we humbly and rerer
etitly submit ourselves to tbe chastening indu
ences of Ibis sad event, ws feel it but pertinent
to tbe occasion, in ju-<tioe to common humanity,
uf sxpress a venae of our bereavement in th.
loss , wo have, thersfore,
Revolved, Thai in tbs death of our aforesaid
brother, we acknowledge a i'<ss too severe to be
adequately determined : that we will endeavor
to copy into our lives those virtues which so
manfully adorned his, and by so Join? revere
bis memory and reform our practice.
Revo’ved, That to bis family we extend our
heartfelt sympathies in this, their sudden afflic
tion, aod would counsel them to be reminded of
the indaite gain their departed huaband aim fa
ther is realizing, while they but know his tem
porary loss.
R<*sol red, That our Union shall bo draped for
thirty diya
Resolve<l, Tbet a copy of these resolutions
be presented to the family ot tbe deceased, and
also be recorded in the books o< this Union.
By order of the Machinists’ and Black*
.m,.hs’ Union, Milwankae, WUcooain.
Hew* lieu.
Milwaukbb, In one year has increase l its
population 10.000, and its buildings 1,400,
costing about #40,000.
Got. Holds*, of North Carolina, baa ten
dared to Robert Douglas, the eldest son of
Stephen A. Douglas. the position of private
secretary aa bis tuff, ia the new State gov
ernment about to be organised in that State.
devices from Abyssinia to the 21at of
April hove been received. After the capture
ef hsgl.it thirty guns and mortars belong
ing to Theodore were destroyed, and the
town rased to its foundations. The troops
an all well, and the army will reach the Red
Sea during the month. <*■

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