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WAITS REAPERS Booker Washington, Speaking on Ohio Soil, Sends Mes sage of Warning, SOUTH A GOLDEN LAND THERE 2.0C0 SHOE STORES. 2,000 MILLINERY STORES AND 2,000 BANKS ARE NEEDED. Wllberfcrce, O—The commence ment cxerciNea of WllberfoPce Uni versity. better this year than ever be fore in the hletory of the school, came to a close with an address by Booker T. Washington that fairly took the audience off Its fe«L The occasion took the form of a memorial to the late Bishop i>aa!ei A. Payne, perhaps In his lifetime Dr. Washington's clos est friend In the early days of Tusk* ••gee. More than 3.000 people were out to bear the leader talk of the character of the race's greatest churchman Of this number almost one third was made up of white friends from all sections of the state. Dr. Washington took as the basis of hln remarks • passage from the Hcrlplurev The heavens were opened and I ansr visions of (kwj." He was never more eloquent never more effective, , at.il I. tinsel f spoke with a vision,- delivering doubtless the most tiniMgfaot Address be has road* since the famous Atlanta ■ perch. He was cheered time after time. He said In part; 1 am glid to be In the State of Ohio again and at the University of WII ?>< rfer .. | am glad to hsve a part In the celebration of the lOOtf anniver sary of the late Bishop Daniel A Payne, f rontier of Wllherforc* Uni versity and one of tba leading spirits In the establishment of the African Methodist Episcopal Church BISHOP PAVNE GREAT MAN. Bishop Payne was a great mao. a man of character, a man of vision. It Is impossible for any Individual or *ny rare to have any targe degree of •stf »f • 11bout ■’Visions, without faith n the present and faith in the future. There la Httl* room In this world for the peaelmtsf; for the man who baa no faith In the present or future. I re '-*e»i that Bishop Payne was a man of leloa- We, aa a race, must follow lie trample, and to be a race and to poaarea visions. we must believe In the present sod future. Without faith In Ms race and In his country illehop Payne never could have laid the foun datlons of Wllberforee university so securely ss he did, I have tPtl* «lf>ubt but that wsy hack In tbe dark days of ala very, when the founds!tuna of ibis institution were laid. Bishop Payne pictured to himself even then Ihe spacious grounds, the well planned n«d well equipped build Ings. the Industrial and academic de partments of this Institution, ss (bey eslst today In such flourishing condi tion. We have little doubt but that he pictured to himself that the day would come when on commencement occa-j slons thergf would be tethered here thousands, as there are today, of the beat types of white and black people representing the slate of Ohio and nearly every section of our country. * BISHOP PAYNE'S VISION. I have little doubt but that Ulshop Daniel A Jayne saw In a vision the time when there would be few In any part of Amerltiv to rise and op pom the education of the negro, whether It be Industrial education, academic education or professional education. I sometime* fear that we, as a race, do not rightly appreciate the advan tagea and opportunities which we en joy In this country. Since the great j bulk of our people, 9,000.000 at least,' MAKING EXTENSIVE PREPARATIONS FOR THE MEETING OF THE NA TIONAL TEACHERS' ASSOCIA TION AT ST. LOUIS. St. Ixtuls, Mo.—The meeting of the Notional Association of Teachers In Colored Schools. July 26-30, la tho top ic of discussion In every quarter of the city at the present time. The executive committee with Prof. R H. Colo at lie head, and Prof. C. H. Tur ner. becrclary, Is making empto preparations, both for tho session of the association and the entertainment of the delegate. Mr. J. R. T. Lee of Tuakegee, the corresponding secre tary, has been In the city a part of the week. In conference with the exe cutive committee and the various local committees concerning matters owtring upou the coining session From a review of the $>rograin It Is evident that from the very start and alt every session, some of the most vital topics are to be handled by tba reside ra the sournern states, you must excuse me if I dwell a good deal on what 1 shall say upon the oppor tunities afforded our people In the southern states; opportunities for de velopment in material, educational, professional and religious directions. NATION WITHIN A NATION. In numbers, we constitute, as 1t were, a nation within ourselves. We are 10,000,000 strong. Canada has only ! 7.000. 000 of people: Australia 4.000,- ! 000, Belgium 7,000,000 and Holland 5.000. 000. The combined population of Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and Denmark Is about equal to the popula tion of the black race In America. We must learn to use the strength of num bers and Improve our condition. This means that we should cultivate In an Increasing degree In every part of the country, pride of race. If there Is any one human being whom I de test, It Is the man or woman who Is ashamed of the race to which he or she belongs; who Is all the time trying to get away from the race; who would rather be a third rate white man than a first rate black man The negro In America must learn to have as much | pride in his race as the Frenchman or I German or the irishman has In his | racial Identity. There Is a passage In the Scripture ; which reads something like this: "The heavens wer opened and I saw visions j of God." I bellgve that the heavens j are just as truly open today as they j were thousands of years ago; that we i ran see visions of God Just as truly as the prophets of old saw thousands , of years ago, and we piust begin to j see these visions before it is too late i Let us open our eyes and see the | visions that are in the south in the! direction of orportunlty for material advancement. Two hundred million acre*, cr over , fifty i * r ci ’it of the total land 1% the south (s ii film tiro veil Tl.'r. nreJft>out 1.000. 000 am h In Alabama. 12.000,000 ' In Georgia, u.iioo.ooo In Louisiana. I 6.000. 000 la South Carolina and 100. OOO.O0O in Tessa that are unimproved, j That means that there are 200,000,000 acres of laud waiting to be rultivat- | ed, that means that tills land at the , present time la comparatively cheap | and can be purchased by black man or white man, hut It will not rema n cheap long In the past ten or fifteen years land values In the south have Increased t very rapidly. In some Instances the Increase has been from 100 to 600 per cent. (.and* which fifteen yeara ago werw selling at from It 50 to $15 per acre are now selling at from !?0 to lleo per acre The wealth of the south has been Increased by the rise In land values stone over 9500.000,000 WOES OF LANDLESS RACE. While men from all parta of the world are seeing ibis opportunity and getting land t want the negro to do the same thing, and I am glad to see that many of our best colored men throughout the south are seizing this [ opportunity and are buying lar^e tracts of land. A landless race means ! a poverty stricken race; a landless ( race means a dependent race with un , certain employment, one that lives by picking up odd jobs here and there; a landless race means a non tax paying race, an unsettled rare, a thriftless race Everywhere let us encourage our people to enter Into the possession of soli of this country, ; north and south. Throughout the south there are numerous organisations that work every day In the form of commercial ' clubs, farmers* clubs, clubs to pro mote manufacturing and rluba to pro mote merchandising, that have for tbelr object the control aud the de- i velopment of the Immense material possessions of the south. The negro everywhere must wake up and fellow the example of these organizations. OLD KINO COTTON. Let me be a little more specific— j the prtre of cotton Is Increasing In value every yesr. There Is only a ! small territory, so far found, where cotton can be profitably produced, j That territory la In our southern . states The black man can get thin 1 very best educators of the race. The closing meeting Is to be held In the Coliseum. Thin Is tbe place where the moat noted men of the country have spoken, among them Hon. W. J. llryan. President Taft, ex Presldent Roosevelt and Explorer Robert E. Peary Ten thousand peo pie are expected to attend this clos ing session The speakers are: Slate Superintendent of Education IIon. M P, Evans and Dr. Hooker T. Wanning ton. Governor Hadley has also been | Invited. Mr. Lee, tbe corresponding secre tary, was greatly pleased with the outlook of the meeting He was un stinted In bis praise of the equip ment of our public schools. Although the schools will not be In session, Mr Lee says that it Is worth a trip to St. Louis to see tbe magnificent j and splendidly equipped summer high ( school, costing nearly (600.000 -hav ing every possible accommodation for the education of colored young men and women of St. Louis. The eyes of the wrbole county, edu- j callonally, are turned toward St Loula. Una. He can share In the Immense 1 profits of the future. In cotton grow ing Cotton Is being consumed In larger quantities every year through out the world; that means an Increase In price, that also means '"tat It will be harder In the future to get cot ton producing land than It is now We must remember that the forces of nature draw no color line. Sun shine and rain are as helpful to the black hand that tills and owns the soil, as the white hand that tills and owns the soli. The history of the civilization of the world teaches that the people who own the soil are the the people that are going to grow In Independence, grow in education, grow In moral an,’, religious Ltrength There are millions of acres of land in the Bouth that can be purchased for cotton raising, for trucking, for dairying and for fruit growing There are millions of acres from which coal and Iron can be gotten, from which lumber can be manufac tured All these are possloMItles within the reach of the humblest black man in America. 200,000 FARMERS NEEDED. I know of no one Influence, no one element that would add more to the Independence and the progress of the 9,000,000 of negroes In the south, than for us to have, within the next 20 years, 100,000 to 200,000 more In telligent, successful, independent farmers scattered throughout this country; and these farmers should not be composed of the Ignorant ele ment of our race, but should be com posed of the educated of our race Our vision need not be limited to owning and cultivating the soil. There are great opportunities In the direction of manufacturing. Within I he past twenty five years, the cot ton and manufacturing center of the country has moved from New Eng land Into North Carolina and South Carolina. It 1# not necessary for the negro to confine himself to the mere matter of cotton raising. He can ad vocate cotton manufacture In some form. The negro, both lc thla and other countries. Is a great consumer of cot ton goods On a iinci?! .rale, at leaat, he can become a manufacturer of cotton goods. Here Is another field for the energetic, capable, pushing, educated colored man. Heretofore, In too large a degree, our educated men have '*-■* that they must either leach or ^reacL, and not enter the field of commerce. ON BECOMING MANUFACTURERS, The south It full of the best lumber suited for tbe manufacture of all kinds of furniture. The lumber In Its use Is as free to the colored man as to the white man We are great con sumers of household furniture. Why should not our educated men begin tbe manufacture of furniture? If we could manufacture one tenth of the household fumliure that we, as a race, consume, we would give em ployment to thousands of our men and women and add Immensely to our wealib, improvement and useful ness. To Indicate to >ou to what extent tbe white man Is taking to tbe Tact that within ten years Arkansas has Increased her horse advantage of the r^itural resources of tbe south, I have but to refer to the fact that within ten years Arkansas has Increased her horsepower for manufacturing 214 per cent; South Carolina has in creased her horse power for manufac turing puri>osea 220 per cent.; Texas 250 per cent.; Louisiana 619 per cent. There Is vast water power In the south that can be used for manufac turing purposes. Everywhere In tbe south people ars using water power for generating electricity. Examples of this can he found near Augusta, Ga.; near Columbus, Ga., on the Tal lapoosa river, and near Montgomery, Ala. OPPORTUNITIES FOR MERCHANTS If we do not want to go Into either agriculture or manufacturing there Is a vast field open for the educated colored man In the direction of mer chandising. With such a field open LEWIS CONFIRMED WITHOUT DIVISION OPPOSITION DID NOT DEVELOP STRENGTH. Washington, I> C.—When all was In readiness for action, the confirma tion of William Henry Lewis, as as slstant attorney general of the United States, went through as slick as if It had been greased. The opposition melted Into thin atr. The vote was taken without de bate and Mr. Lewis was confirmed without division. It was a big vic tory for the brilliant young man who has worked his way upward through fidelity to right principles and unflag ging industry. After all Is said and done, a large measure of the credit for Mr. Lewis’ confirmation belongs to Mr. Lewis himself. Throughout the long battle he bore himself with dignity. He kept his Ups shut tight, studied Indian depredation claims, went In and won a difficult case for the government without noise or as we have Id the dtrertton of com merce In the south there is no rea son why any intelligent, energetic and educated colored man need go about looking for a job He can create a Job for himself, and when one creates his own Job. be gels into a position of power and Independence, and Is not dependent upon the whims of political parties or color prejudice There are places In the south for 5.000 additional dry goods stores, and there are colored people enough to support these dry goods stores In the eouth the negro merchant Is not dependent upon o trade of h!s own race alone, but throughout the south, while there Is prejudice In other lines In business, the negro has lit tle prejudice to contend with along this line. Not only the colored man trades at the colored man’s dry goods store, but the best white people are not afraid to patronize a first class dry goods store, and the same thing Is true of other business enterprises owned and controlled by the colored people. LET US BUILD CITIES. There are openings In the south for at least 8,000 additional grocery stores, for 3.500 additional drug stores. There are openings l*1 tLe.south for 2.000 shoe stores, 2.000 millinery stores, and there are communities in the south where 2,000 additional negro banks can be opened and s _>• ported. Further than this, there arc places In the south where, nt least /0 seir governing, sen-supporting ana self directing towns or cities may be established where the colored people can have their own mayor, their own board of aldermen, their own self government from every point of view. In the last analysis, local self-govern ment is the most precious kind of self government. If none of these openings suit the ambition of our educated colored men and women, there la another field that is ripe for the harvest, that of education. There are a million and a half of negro children of school age who do not enter any school in the south, and there are hundreds of thousands of others who are in school only three months out of the twelve months. We need 30,000 additional schoolhouses built In the south, and we need, at Iqgst, 20,000 additional negro school tpachers. Hut if the vision of the educated co'ored man cannot be realized in any of the call ings to which I have referred, there are still further openings In the south I refer to the opportunities In pro fcsslonal directions. There are In dividual locotlons In the South for it least 2.500 additional doctors and 3,000 additional pharmacists, 2,000 ad dltlonal dentists, and 1,000 veterinary surgeons. DO NOT LOSE COURAGE. In the lines of religious activities and service, I want the young colored men and women to see the vision aside from the opportunities to preach the Gospel. Wherever In any communities there are 2,500 or more colored people they are capable of supporting a Y. M. C. A. building There are 56 cities In the country, at least, where Y, M. C. A. buildings could be established and supported We must not become discouraged by racial relaMons True, we have prejudice to contend with In the south, as elsewhere. The color lint Is often unjustly drawn throughout the country. We have to endure In Justice; we have to contend with in- j Justice, but Instead of letting preju dice discourage us, we should use It as a spur to urge us on to higher ef- 1 forts, to renewed enterprise. FOUNDATION OF RACES. All races that have achieved suc cess have come up through ownership of the soil, through cultivating the soil, through manufacturing, through merchandise, through making them selves strong In education, and In moral and religious directions; and lastly they have come up through fighting prejudice. Out of tha fight they have gained a strength and an experience that they would not have gotten except for racial prejudice. bluster, and with tact and finesse put a quietus on the claim of the timorous that he was seeking social equality. All found him to be a man of poise, sound Rense and legal ability of the highest order. ANTICIPATE NO SERIOUS OPPOSITION Washington.—Former Register W. T. Vernon, ^recently appointed In spector of Indian schools, anticipates no serious opposition when he reaches the field. Most of the agita tion about the so-called color ques tion is merely newspaper talk and la meant to create the situation that the report so graphically portrays. Mr. Vernon Is satisfied to have his headquarters here or In Oklahoma, as the department of the interior may elect. He will travel considerably. "Planned your summer vacation yet?" "No; I'm waiting until,I learn what friends of mine are to have summer cottages. Then I'll begin to bint tor Invitations.”—Detroit Free Press. CURED SORES WHEN ALL ELSE FAILED Woman Acts as Benefactress to Chil* dren Mrs. W. Linsky, of Salcjp, Mass., writes, telling of the wonderful results from the use of Resinol. In her own words the letter reads: "I have used your Resinol Ointment for five years, as two different doctors recommended It. I have given it to a number of children with sores that they could not find a cure for, and it was always sure to cure them. I would not be without It.” Resinol is the indispensable stand ard remedy for all skin troubles, from the common pimple, cut, scald, boll or sore, to carbuncles, felons, eczema, erythema, herpes, barber’s Itcli, psori asis and every abrasion of the skin from any cause. Resinol Ointment can be instantly applied and its effect is Instantaneous. It Is put up In screw top opal containers, selling at fifty cents or a dollar, according to size. It has the approval and recommendation of thousands of our best physicians, and hundreds of thousands of families are never without it. Another Indis pensable necessity Is Resinol Soap, one of the finest, most soothing and refreshing toilet soaps in the world. It is a preventive of most of the skin troubles. Including blackheads, pim ples and chapped hands. It is espe cially adapted to the tender skin of Infants and children. Nothing is bet ter for shampooing and cleaning the scalp and for the prevention of falling hair. The ointment and soap are sold by all druggists. Resinol Chemical Co.. Baltimore, Md. Too Dangerous. In the struggling days at Tuskegee, Hooker T. Washington found that ho would have to use an old chicken house for a schoolroom. "Uncle,” he said to un old colored man, "I want you to come dow n at nine o'clock tomorrow morning and help me clean out a henhouse.” “Law now. .Mr. Washington,” tha old man expostulated, “you-all don't want to begin cleanin’ out no hen house roun' yere in de day time."— Success Magazine. Lagging Behind. “Why are you loitering around here?" demanded the policeman. ‘‘You seem to have no object in view.” “I'm out walking with my wife, of ficer. She's about 20 yards behind in a bobble skirt.” Constipation Vanishes Forever Prompt Relief—Permanent Cure CARTER’S LITTLE LIVER PJLLS never fail. Purely vegeta ble — act surely but gently oil the liver. Stop after dinner dis tress- cure indige* "in, improve the complexion, brighten the eyes. SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE. Genuine must bear Signature THE SUDDERS-GALE GROCER CO.. Distr. St. Louis, Mo., Cairo and Quincy, III.