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:illvSi r.iMinnw.ivi ',n.i,.. ns;i m i ' i .. .. . . . .W . n,. 0 . n . . . . I - " , - 1 --. . ..v. khi u a.i ,i ii nuu wxuni. mil TT C 1 1 W41 1 he St. Louis Rrvorkr contains a very in- oo cents rer bushel. it r,.r i.-, 1 1. .1.1 e... . . . . . . c I '..1.1 .. . I .... .'. . . i '.. mawwiuou, wi in ipii inillUlCJ .ci-iauiig irurr m v........ a, wrnicu, u is no ciioiato is pleasant, seldom any. ice more tlia water reached the house. The on understood, bv a brother or Senator Senmle. I nr:iin..ai iv... nan.im.t 4 ..t.i it.. I ...i. . , . . uiiiiuiuts. c 1'uuiisu u iJiire iioriiouoi uic r0 imij "j i qi iDccmber. I iit nm nl mir nr. i iu la.. . A .:i ... ...i" i-i ?. letter, as giving an iutelliiiible noj probably fair acctunt 01 the country, iu advantages und disadvantages It is important at the present time, when the eyes of the adventu rous portion of the nation are turned tow ards California, us another Kl Dorado. Beau River, California. April 10, 131(J. Dear Sir: I sit down to redeem my prom ise to w rite after my arrival in this country, if the California fever should ra.?e as high as when 1 left. All information from her will be gladly received. I shall try to give an im partial account of the couutiy, and its politi cal situation, and embody as much informa tion as I can. Frst, then, the road from In dependence to the foot of the California mountain, is about as good a road a that from St. Chai lei to Columbia, (Doone'i Lick road,) and miht, with a little woik, be made a good deal better. There is plenty of wa ter and limber for cooking; there is no place where water may not be had, at fartherest ev ery 25 miles. From the sink of Mary's river about 30 miles Xojrcsh water, are several hoi springs and salt springs. roui where we strike Turkey's river to the head (Turkey's lake,) atthd foot of the California mountain, the road is rough and rocky, but perfectly rival, mere Had been no rain, and but little canoes whilj tho riiv was under .ifir fiost, and the weather was about as pleasant Nearly opposite where I am uow writing is as usual in llie stales m September and (Jo- largo mesquit tree, in the too of which thev fnlinr Tim n!,i -n ... . .w. I f ' I . . I . t . . . I . .. I1....1. . .... .1. i'mu i.u.v,ui,.ii vi.iuuiiaju.ij, UUIII 4 lUUjl WHICH tllil ICIfl.UllS. au'd there has been some ice. Thmaingea- TI13 weather here is insupportably hotdnr i.imj iu oruiri-cu iya uii'i men we uiyc ing tlio middle ol tun day. with little air stir pie.is.uu weamar. 111 a wei:i or two miernui iu, a wis the case at Keynosa. On the sets in, tne plains or in-ill lanJs become what march from that place to this tho Infantry IVM T'lll .IC.'.'H Mill ij l 1 1 1 ran .1... i! I t'. n'j a r. I .... I V I I 1 1 1 . II . I . y. r- J "ji wi.i ..i suucreu in cj'iiuny, especially mis sue ol ia 10 ins Knees, an i .sometimes deeper, so that guna del Tuj irit us, or Lake of tho Liitlo uis not practicable to travel on ljorsa!acK, Uirds, there bein? no water on the road an. uxuepuu uie uouoms, which remain iirmaii the sun pouring his hottest rays directly up nunc, i.ui iucv uru vrusun oy lum)iis, on ttieir hac In. N.ivpr.il fV m i irir,nil which we must swim. Uortrail islheielore exhausted by. the hear, while others wcroso confined to the bottoms; tho high hills ore much overcome that it was neccssarv to cive impassable during the rain except on foot. Il may be truly said that thcio arc but two modes of travel here dining tli'J winter, that is, cither fly or swim. The- game is becom ing scarce, but during tho winter .there arc a great many water-fowls. They le'ave in the spring for a more not (hern latitude, and do not stop to bneed here, as has been reporte J; nor is it true that "you can gather a leather bed in a day on Father river.' Musquctoes, Hies and insects of every da scription are here in innumerable myiiads lloas and mice, but no chinches. Lands have been obtained by persons who Inve resided heie some years and become iTu I'tnii. tlia I .La In llin rnnnfflipmmri tain, about five miles, the ascent is very steep citize Q .'".grants; some three, four and some and rocky, but the last emigrants got their """a thirty to filty leagues, .but the dov- wagons over without breaking by packing """"in uas oocotne aiarmcu un i cnangeu ais j. lltic UIU UUl ICW Willi U.J.I I1UVV obtain grants of any fci.e; and those who have lands aro not authorizclJjy their titles to sell; there being no such thing a3 fee sim ple titles, except .in a few special instances. The grants are only loans from the Govern ment, which is tho main reason why the people live iu tents or little shanties, ami at the same time own severai thousand head of stock. They will not improve the lands un til there is some secuiity for tho title. 1 would like to write you more at length, but my time and your patience ndmouUhc me to 6top. The people I am but illy qualified" to give you a uescnption ot from personal inter ntry to provide themselves course, for I look charge of the fust planta- JPP revisions, flour, lice, cheese, t't'on I saw in the valley, and have traveled 11 V1 lacon. oa v ,n l":it va,le'5 au(i tllC caches are gen- '?S L the load upon tho mountains. The descent on this side is about 103 miles to the plains, 80 of that distance being very rough and hil ly. Hut there is a proposition among the foreigners who expect their friends from the States to go and woik upon the road; if so, we shall make quite a passable road at all e vents. Out of the 22 'j0 miles from Indepen dence; thero is about 100 of bad road. Our party had no trouble from tho Indians, and tho emigration had none, except the occa sional loss of some of their 6tock and one man kiled, and that by rushing on the ludi ans in a fight, for shooting the cattle. As there is but one tavern or grocery store on the road (Fort Hall,) I would advise persons com ing to this cou with plenty of pro I...IU. t-aa,l o.irl liinnn The Face or the Country. lean only -pan. mave, describe the great valley of the Sacramento, "hrc, seen but about 100 men since my from personal observation, and 'whatever I nval, and those entirely lore.gners most may say of the remainder is 'from informa- cm persons who have either retired from tion. The valley is about 300 miles long. or run away from shipping. Some from 1 to 200 miles wide, crossed by sevcial ' ,bem. rc c!cr mcnt ,otle Vr.e scamP- pretty large uvcrs, many of them navigable Most or ihmn give each other baj characters; to the foo!ofthe mountain; and from that up, m?y nl only confess that they steal horses the water tumbles from rock to rock, afrord- 'V1.'1 cattlc.' boast of it. bought a horse in neither navigation uor valleys for cnltiva- tkis. Mining thai tiit man is to steal Jor me in tiou. On all the rivers from the mountain '" '. blr.inSe to the mouth, there are large bottoms from conduct, but this man was not only robbed, one half to six miles wide, mostly'alluvium, bul beaten by the other; and there is no law and of the most fertile character! covered punish h.m, so that he has to make him. with gtoss and the highest vegetation, with self whole in tho coin of his opponent, llie a skirt of trees near the stream, nostly oak, Spanish portion of the population are repre- some buck, box, elder and willow. Tho oaks sente,J as a Vncving, cowardly, dancing, lewd grow very large, 4 to 7 feet in diameter, but PC1UP,1C' a,,J generally indolent and faithless, the trunks are very short, seldom more than .A 'V5. history given ol them by Capt. Hastings, 8 or 10 feet, and then it branches into large hl3 "Emigrant s Guide," is confirmed by limbs, good for fire-wood, when seasoned, cncrai report u-re. n may uo iruiy sau, but poor timber for framing and building hat we have priests, a Governor, and alcades, Wo m,u fpnroe i,.,t .,o- ihn but wo have neither law nor gospel. '-uiJiiO vi tuu nii.j IJ 14 ii j r i u f 3 I them places in the forage wagons. McCul loch's Hangers did not sutler to the samo ex tent, being all well mounted; bin this thing of campaigning in a southernjlatitude durring mid summer is not so particularly pleasant under any circumstances. To be sure, by sounding the reveille at half-past 2 o'clock in the mariimg and starting at 3, much of tho inarch is through with before tho sun is vet up; but starting off at such an unseasonable Iuur and being obliged to lav about tdur ing the heat of the day without shaie, for w e luvc no tents, come rather hard on the Ame rican people on a portion of them at least. uivuuacMug anj an mat sort ol tiling may sound ery well iu ballads, but when it comes down to the stern reality of tho thing, it is distinctly a dillerent matter. There is no news stirring no intelligence as yet of the movements or whereabouts of Canales and Carrabaj il. So 6oon as I can gel tho nairics of the,dilTerent officers of the Amei.icau forco here, which composes the advance guard of the army of invasion, I will give you me list. u. w. Jv. ditch, which stands well, as there is no rain from April to December to wash them. The plains, which form about three-fourths of the valley, are wholly unsusceptible of cul tivation, from the fact that they are not only poor and barren, but thedry weather in Sum- -.. u-mM nnl iiprmit it rn.n I .-a hn a-iwo.J Thev arc covered now with small iloversand wnoa,!J.t;,"l'cd b7 in? wrilles generally some bunch grass, which makes good pas- gei a si.ir ana pants tor their work. They turc until the rainy season sets in, though it aro entirely inollensive, but very wild. 1 hoso . . .-.I., i... t.,i Ti.. who are bought by the whites when vounsr. iscniiieivuryuyiiiu3i.uiT. jlho iv iu- . . .. , , .,, lation will lorevei be confined to the banks of learn to da very well, but tho wild ones live the rivers. A gentleman present says, that on acorns and roots. 1 hey catch fish at some thr nl.V,n, between here and the St. Wan- seasons, but many of them live on clover like The Plainest Kind of Talk, The Ohio Statesman, tho Loco-Foco State Paper at Columbus, handles Polk's Veto on tho Ilivcr and Harbor bill alter a fashion of which the following extracts will give some faint idea: "Tho Message in which tho President supports his views, is a shallow peifortnance ar in its language, ridiculous for its false and pakry as the treatment of a the sis by some hair-splitting and wire-drawing schoolman of the Middle Ages, who thought himself a great man, because, liko all small characters, he had mistakeu cunning for wis dom. It is, however, quite worthy (he man whose imbecility has been so unhappily dis played in his action on the Oregon question first uttering boasts of the loudest kind, and then sneaking oil' to cover when the en emy's bay was faintly heard in the distance. There is a remarkable similarity in the Pres ident's conduct on theso two subjscts. As he mouthed and raved about our 'clear and unquestionable' right to tho whole of Oregon liko untoono of Nat Leo's Bedlamite her-ts for we can only call it mouthing aud .aving when the pathos of the treaty is known to us however much it pleased us at the time ol its utterance, because wc believed it to bo the warm languago of earnestness and sincerity so nas ne now vetoed a bill substantially recommcnaea Dy nimseit, through the ro port of the Sccictary of War, a high ofiiccr ol his Cabinet. It is true that tho defence HILLSDALE WHIG STAXPABD. HILLSDALE.' TUESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 25, mV MAGNANIMITY IV POLITIC S IS TUB TltlFST WISDOM. W'hiZ Conal y Convention. The Wlirjs cflhe several Towns ofilillsdile Comity ore rcqneitfd to end delegates tout tend a Convention, to bo held nt Hillsdale, on Saturday tlie 1'tli tf September next at 1 o'clock 1. M. The object of tho Convention is to appoint delegate to the Congressional and Henatori a I Convention, and lo udect c.indi'lites to be m:ppcrted for County Oilicer, ut Ibo ensuing llkction. C..T. MITCIir.M,, ) County lTtANKLlN I'RKNCII, CorropoiidinS, T. W. HTOUKTON, S Coniniittces. Ahs. 20, ldJG. Wma tovt.xrioN. Tho Wlii-'s of the tid Coiircusioual District will meet in Convention at Kulanuzoo on tho lGtli of September, to noui mate a caudulute lor Congress. The Locofocos will meet at tho same place on tho 9th, for u siiu liar purpose. CouTir CoxvKvrio.i Ve bone the Whi ol tlio several towns will heed the call of the Committee for delegates to utteul our Con veil tion. The approaching election nan important one, and it is tunc lor ns to be up and doing. NATIONAL FLNANCKS. For the quarter ending tho SOili of June 13 II tho Secretary of tho Treasury reports us follows: liectipu S7.033,! Lxpcuditures - i' - - 9,30d,039 Deficiency 2,-m,CS3 CONGRLStJ. CiURi.orT Lmzabeth. This chaste and tal- Alcra Sd.tioii of eiht inoutlis, CongreFsh'as ented writer, recently died, at her residenco in adjourned. Daring that period, the govern- England. An early marriage is said to have ii-e nt has been decidedly locofoco in till its proved unfortunate, nnd for her beautiful pro brandies, and the lenders of that party aro uc- ductiom, tho world i probably indebted fto her conniublo to the country for what ha bet n done, misfortunes. Important changes have been effected in our domestic policy, und in our foreign relations, nnd although it may not be a soured of pleasure to glanco ut the paf, yet every citizen ought to en gage iu tho task fiom a sense of dntv. ETVe uro under renewed obligations to Senator Woodbridge for various and important public document. Important. It is rumored that Culiornia The roniuienceinentofihe late eessioti found us published a declaration, severing that prov in tho cnioviiiurit of neace: nt it cloo wa ura mco Iroin Jlexico. kinc, are much more fertile, and that very much of them may be watered and prof itably cultivated. He thinks the lower part sheep, A few general remarks to those who start for this country, and 1 shall havo done. of Upper California much superior to the They should all remember that they are cotn- vallcy, but the difficulty of securing land, and nig to a country where the duty paid for the tho bad character of the Indians, induce us introduction of everything in from 100 to 1,- to stop here. This country, taken together, is greatly inferior to the Western States, but those who get situations on the rivers, where they can easily irrigate the soil, can do 200 per cent, better than in Missouri, irrigated lands produce from 40 to GO bushels of wheat to the acre every year. There is nn fly, nor rust, nor rot; and the only trouble is to havo moisture enough to make it head well. To- warm climate. Very coarse shoes aro worth hacco, cotton, (lax, pot?tocs, beans, peas iVc., I per pair, an 1 the poorest possible wool grow finely, but not without watering. While hats Sd. Above all things, bo auro to bring on this subject, I will speak of tho labar to all manner of seeds, except wheat, barley, bo performed. A farmer, who is fil'cd with potatoes and beans. We waut some rye, oats, sufficient teams and farming utensils, may tobacco, cotton, and all sorts of garden seeds, employ as many Indians as he pleases for peach-stones, and plumbs, cherries, Arc., If nothing but their victuals, and that very they will biing a few awls, coarse needles, and cheap, and about two shirts and a pair of pan- somo coarso high-colored calicoes, they may talooiu of the coarsest kind, lie may keep swap them to the Indians for dressed skins them while he wants them, which is only at profitably seed time and harvest, and then send them to their villages again for the remainder of the year. They arc about half as good as the negroes of Missouri, with good looking after. Su that a farmer, with a capital of 400 or 500 dollars, can raise and gather about as much grain as the Misscnrian with 40 ne groes. The Indians know nothing of tho use of the axe, but they are good ditchers, and ditches are the only fences we have. The timber is altogether on the mountains, which aie covered with tho most beautiful , pine, fir and cedar, very tall and tough, but -in most places very dificult to get into the valley for use, from the fact that thcie is generally 15 or 20 miles of hil's between the mountain and the valley, which makes bad roads. Most of the houses aro built of ado bles, or sticks set up endwise and daubed with mud, sometimes covered with boards, and at others with tooly (biillrnsh.) So far we have not had much use (or timber. The country below is supplied with timber from the red woods near the sea coast, which is very good and beautiful timber, much like the red cedar. The trees grov very large and stiaight, and split like cedar, Stock. Horses and cattle are raised here without any feeding; even when we ride a horse at any season of the year, he gets no other food than what ho can gt of grass, staked out with a long rope; so that it re. quires no other trouble about horses and cat tle, but to mark and brand them, and to hrcak the colts when large enough to tide. The old settlers in this country, some of them have several thousand head of cattlc and hor se. Tho prices of horses aie from $20 to 550, mares from S7 to $25, cattle $3 50 to fclo; American cattlo and horses generally are about 25 per cent, higher than the stock of California. Every thin:? clso is vcrv h'urh. and live in small villages. They have a chief has been set up (or him, that tho Secretary, and an alcade, who aro in the habit of selling though reporting through tho President, rc them to tho whites for mere trifles a few ally reports to Congress. Granted but this beads or a handkerchief. The men aro en- ocs not m tne slightest dogreo alter the tircly naked, and the women wear a bunch nf case. It lias always been considered at weeds or crass lied round their waists. Thosn ,e:ist it was in those days when it was thought tunt oomo aga-pc ol prolound statesmanship ""'; governing a great nation tnat a Cabinet should support one uniform policy, as speaking tho sentiments of the party whose principles it was appointed to aid in carrying out. Who ever heard of a high Cabinet officer recommending to Con gress, through the President, a course of ac tion directly contrary to that of the Presi dent himself, and actually accompauicd with the proper estimates as to tho cost of carry ing it out who ever heard of any thing of the kind, we ask before these days of decep tion and palpable fraud ? What President with a decent portion of sclf-rcspcct, ever practiced such small inttiguc! It is new in the history of our country, and no doubt found its origin and motive in the desiio to deceive some Members of Coogtcss into tho support of measures which the Executive feared might not otherwise prove successful. As the great words about Oregon were fol lowed by the smallest possible actions, and were intended only to gull honest men, so was the courso of the President on tho sub ject of improving harbors and rivers favora ble, only with the dcsin of gaining votes for the new Tarifl'Uill, tho Administration not having faith enough to believe that one right eous measure could stand without practicing a little falsehood on another. Wc most eai- ncstly hope that tho day is not coming when every true democrat will have, in bitterness of heart to ask pardon of God and linn for having aided in elevating to power, men who mistake treachery lor good conduct, aivl pal iry sums lor great statesmanship.' 000 per cent, on the cost at home. Duty on a plough 15, on an axe ?:, tec. My ad vice is, for them to bring their plow-irons, axes, spades, a few carpenters' tools, such as hand saws, drawing-knives, augurs.fand chis els, somo files, and plenty of clothing, and they may leave their feather beds and many other thiugs which they can do without in a engaged in war, una it is the judgment of tho civilized world that our motivo is conpiest. In the ouUct, without consulting co-ordinate branches of tho war making power, the Presi dent ordered our army to occupy territory over which Texas had never exercised jurisdiction; and when open hostilities resulted from his has ty and hazardous measures, he claimed to have Jriiwn the sword iu defence of our just rights. If tlio President has incurred tlio responsibility o lighting up the il tines of war, in vindication of national honor, or our just i iht., his motives ought to atone for great errors in judgment, but such motives never could induce him to ask of Congress 2,000,000 for the purpose of pur chasing concessions. What concessions? To offer Mexico com pensation for any thing we may justly exact of her, is cowurdly und disgraceful; and to make her distr acted councils, und embarrassed finan ce., an occasion lor extorting concessions winch he would refuse iu more prosperous ciicuui- stauces, is an ubandouinent of tho magnanimity that should ever characterize the intercourse of the strong with the weak. The Messago asking for 2,000,000 distinctly avows the acquisition of territory us an object to be attained; and suggests, that tho necessities of Mexico may force her into submission. In the present posture of affairs, it is difficult to ascribe any higher motives to the President, than to sup pose him willing to purchase w hat he has deci ded upon wresting from Mexico, because it will bo less expensive than to conquer it. Whore is the motto, 'to exact nothing but what is right, and to submit to nothing that is wrong 7" If the name of Washington could bo identi fied with such an enterprise, how darkly would it shade even his ex lit J J rep:iMtio:i. Ouo achievement then, of our rulers, ha. been lo banish peace from our borders, and give in its place, a war, destructive of human life, and which must toon create an enormous public debt und pave the way for exorbitant taxation. Oth er results dese. notion, but wnwiifli for llie present. Tha $2,000,033 for l'oaco. Thb Union thus announces the failure of the 'last card' of (lie Session: 'The important bill which nothonzes the Pres ident to employ 2,000,000 in facilitating tho settlement of peace with -Mexico, was actually lost by Senator Davis, of Massachusetts, npealt ingngiiinst time, while voices from the chamber were heurd remonstrating ngaiust him for hU determined attempt to prevent the introduction of a resolution prolonging the session for a few hours. This measure, which is deemed most important for negotiating a peace between the two countries, und the fundamental principle of which was recognized by the House of Repre sentative on the passage of tho bill and by a de cided vote of the Seuato on their own resolution, as sacrificed by a Senator' wasting tho time of tho Senate until the moment of adjournment had arrived. "Whatever mbchicf may arise from the loss of tin b II, may be fairly uttnbuted to tho 'hon orable Senator from Massachusetts. This gross nttack on one of the ablest and no blest of American Senators impels us to call at tention to tlio lollowmg tacts: 1. It is a lact that Mr. I'olk determined to ojien negotiations with Mexico, und actually did dispatch his secret agent to coniiniu.icata with tho Government of that Country ccvcr.il days be fore he scut his Message to the Senate uskiu? this appropriation of $2,000,000 to bo used by him m making I'eicc, icilh Alexicj. It is tins rendered certain mat me attempt to mako a Peace is in no sen so dependent on the success of this application for 2,000,000. 2. One of two things must be true. Eclho Polk'di J not, when he dispatched his agent, think he should waut any such money to bd used in making Peace, or ho mirnaselv del iveJ his aa plication to Congress until the lust hours of the Session in tho hope ot smuggling it throng! without any in iuiry or discussion. In either case, tho necesn;y tor this sum cannot possibly he important, una iongress is to meet again within four months. It Uribery is tho game to be playod, cash in hand is always belter than promises; out il the money is lo he used in tin honest, legitimate way, surely Mexico can trust the faith of our Government for u term of two or three months from the signing of the Trea ty 3. The bill giving .Mr. Talk this 2,000,000, to bo used ut his unchecked discretion, and with out uny knowledge voiicshufed to Congress of the how or wherefore, was reported to tho House by Gen. McKay from tho Committee of Ways and .Means. '1 ho House amended il by appending tno loiiowing proviso 'Protilcl, That nn express and fundamental First Fruits or sir JCobcit Walk crs Tariff. Something for journeyman Tailior, Seam treisea, and poor women who make shirt for GJ. 10 and 12jc; and other article of clothiii" at cjually hhesp rates: TIIK TARIFF CLOTHING. I am ubout making arrangements to purchase my Clothe mid Manufacture my Clothing in Delgium. Defore I leave for Lurope, I mtut close up my tock in both cilie, Philadelphia and Ualtimore. Great inducements are offered to all who may wish to purchase, either whole aule or retail. . It. T. SHEPHERD. Merchant Tui'or. next door to th rnrnar nf Third and Che.uiit streets. ard U a cut the nbovo from the Philtdelphia In purer or Thursday morning. Mr. S. not wih mg to be driven out of business entirely by for eigner who will now largely import ready made clothing, is driven to go abroad to purcha.. and have hi stock made uo in IUIi;..m ir i r.i-. pathetic and heart stirring .ong of tho shirt was never before opphcublo in this country,the times arc fust upproaching in which it will be. It has fallen to our lot to know something of the trial which seamstresses endure even in tb present prosperous state of thing. The wage they too frequently receive, are a mere pittance. Lspeci illy is this tho friCl ill flirt Inrrra olti Often i it tho last resource agaimt dishonor. Without friends; without a home they can call their own: with extortiouato landlord.,! tl. den of fatherlosschildren, and the competition among themselves from their very number, they must stitch! stitch! stitch! or starve, or enter the aim house, or become the victim r dishonor And all this to keep soul and body to gether. The eye mny ache; tho body fuel ago nies akin to tho pangs of death; the soul may shrink under a sense of utter nbaiid.it.mntit n the Iron of adversity slowly enters it, but the instinct of life urire the wretched tn l.ilr nt, rn bread. To think of the suffering of the virtu ous poor; to look into their daily life; to see their strong ellbrts to sustain mere animal dis tance, is enough lo excita tho indignation of every feeling heart against the infernal policy that would increase their siilfering. The au thor of the Uill which drive the employer abroad to purchase bis goods ond have them manufactured, is heartless Doliticinn. of free labor, is striving to degrade our manu facturing population to the level of nay beneath his own chattel. God knows the condition of many of them is bad enough. Ihu they have iniudj to appreciate their condition, while tho miserable slave seldom has either. In Belgium fiords of women labor in th fia.1.1 on the public road breaking stone; on the RaiU roads at all kinds of manual labor for a mere living. We say it not to their reproach it is their misfortune but they nro degraded and toare in muir own live and habits. The men aro ground down and crushed by the the tyrau. ny of m in uchy, und a titled, privileged aristoc racy. Yet it is with such as these that our wo men and our mechanics are driven into competi tion, la Homo tho tyrants were wont to pit their slaves ugrinst each other iu gladiatorial combat, and the contest was deuth to one or both. In the nineteenth century our Ruler have open ed the menu cnew : but lite combatant are now th j la')ore s an I producer of the UnU ted States against the poor of Europe. Thu contest is again for life, m the nhape of Dread! The slave holders are the getters up und direct ors of the granJ display, lint instead of shouts and plaudits, the only tokens of recognition on the part of tho citizens of the Union will be sigh, and groan; and tears. The widow. thi fatherless, und the poor, as they stitch! stitch! slitc.'i! ami work! work! work! will nn.l feel iu it only additional burdens to those they already bear. Pittsburgh Gazetto. Governor Henderson, of Texas, who has been ill, since his arrival ot the llio Grande. died a few days since, as we learn from Wash ington, Pilot. Power or The Gazkttk is informed that the propriety of publishing tho veto of tho Harbor Dill, in our I , . . . I iyc...n., J 11. Ik 111! UIIU I la IHIil.Il C II 14 1 columns, is a question between this paper and condition to the acquisition of any territory from us patrons, iinu uiai uie rigiu 01 tuai journal to tno KepiiDlic ol Mexico ly. tho United States, interfere is not ucknowIcd!red. by virtue of any Treaty which may be negotia- ii i.i ii.. . r .1 , ted between them, and to tho use by tho Lxecu- n. . I I . i . live of the money herein appropriated, neither ..wan..., uiaiii..u uju tuiiuui ui Maciru nor incolmttaru straw sUall eccr ttisl in the Gantrc lor the purpose of advancing their any purl of L'te said territory, except lor crime, personal interest, to exercise somo iitluenco over tho Standard, but wc must decline, (very respectfully of course,) to attach much impor tance to their advice or wishes. After all, wo suspect there is much affectation in the surprise expressed at the non-appearance of "an oilicial act of much moment" in our col umns for wo do not discover that tho Gazette1, lias published the Presidents Message, askim whereof the party shall lirsl be duly convicted. Thu amended, tho bill passed by a decided vote, most of the Y 'higs hii ppurtin x i Gen. McKay himself and lha "titers upvf the bill "iin y dmd usfutnst it, tcith oil the JShmlirs from the Mace-holding Stoics. Surely, the need of this money cannot be pressing (for (Jen. MeKay, if any body, would Ijj permitted to know Iu v ur gent it was, (or he would not have turned so nerceiy on ms own o:i.qrmg. 4. The bill having thu passed the Homo, for $2,000,000 for the purpose of purchasing n amidst intenso excitement, that body adjourned With respect, your ob't serv't, 11. .Skmple. Correspondence of tlio N.O. ricnyune. CAMiiuiu, Mexico, July 1C, 1811. The city of Camargo or what is left of it stands on the south side of tho river San Juan, and three miles only from the llio Grande. Its population has been as high as C000; but previous to 'la crccicntc, ns the people call the recent drcadlul flood, it had fallen to 5000, and Is now much less even than that number. Many of the inhabitants who have lost all, will never return, choosing higher ground in tho vicinity on which to rebuild their jacalcs, as their houses or ten ements are termed. The extent of tho freshet, or llio rapidity witu which me waters ol tlio San Juan rose, havo not been exaggerated. In this place at ward Fortu.ne. In one of tho markets in tins city, says tho N. Y.iJun may be Reen a middle-aged woman, whose history is full of interest. She is a voun er daughter of a titled English aristocrat whose estate is valued at $25,000 per annum rslio was brought up in luxury, fell in love with and married her fathers groom, was turned out of house and home, aid obliged to fly from her country to avoid her father vengeance. She passed through many trials which rend tne Heart, in her career from wealth to poverty. She is now seliin? fruit in t INcw lork market. For obvious rea ,i., ,i. i t i i ... " ' k iiho ueiun. a strnnjre r , ",iUl J'' J commentary on English custsms. Verify houses ainonc them some of the best hoti- i. . yu3L3m tr"y , -.i I i . ,, , ir uiu is eirangcr man nction. iinu tuiKi mu i, ii iiijurou or toiany de stroyed, the frightened inhabitants flocking to tho hills in crowds when they saw that the place must inevitably bo inundated. The houses immediately around tho Plaza, in cluding the church and tho dwellings of the p.icst and alcalde, were injured hut little, al though the waters gavo even these a thor ough soaking. To compute the entire loss sustained by Camargo were impossible; it would not amount to as much ns many might suppose, for hundreds of tho houses were of little value; yet tho amunt of suffering, a3 most of the people have lost their all, has been frightful. Many amusing stories are told ol the means rcsorieu 10 oy mo superstitious olj women to stay tho progress of the dreadful flood One old crone, when the waters lacked but T... If itr .... iiuLij run hoisk tvivE. when jou rise in the morning, never bo particular obout nin ning your clothes so very nicely you tan do that ut any time. Never comb your hair, or take oil your night-rap till after breakfast. iNever hive any particular n aca for nnvhinT in the home, IS'evcr sweep your flo or, ULtil you know that some one i coming in, they will then ocv .a.iaa, nu.l liur JfOU QfO. VflCll UOIIO sweeping, leave your broom on tlio floor never brush down cobweb. Keep your parlor and ucu-ru'Mii iiiuuw sum cioso in iiog-aays, anJ vour cheese in vnnr hp.l.rli nut.nr- learn your daughters to mend or make any of their cIo'.Ih, it niiglit givo them m,ra lingers' Never repress the truth of a joke, for fear of hurting peoplo feeling. If you don't like your husband as well a you ought, out with it mi l convince imiii urn you are not a respecter of persons. Don't try to keep your temper; ici ii uii i mum airi lasia possilile, you will then bo as quiet as cider with tho cork drawn nino h urs. Quite a Difference. It took twenty- r .. . Plows, such as wo have at St. Louis' at 7. ! . .u" fl?' r.",n ,V.C.rU1C l r .vnrll, ST. I. " I I lliw ilvi "IUI a SIlMl! Illl'IgC Ol OUT aj.1V- 56.. scarce; cooking vessels very WZ cloth- ll'iV. ' .Im!".0' '.T"10- W","9"1 fi" in 0 r v co to Ii er 1 1 o u s c. and iVi m-rl. W day, to carry tho news of , X oA. iVwr. 9 arn Property a, possible. She beckoned oftho Stl. of Jan'ry 1815, from N. O. to t i . , i t i , . I,,m away n,,J clcd inoio loudly than ever Washington. Tho now, of Tavlor'a ro per day. So that although we pay htgh for not until a li fVuJJe 0f water readied her Washm3t0n " tCL'end ff" 'hat place. iYi tel! r mC Wa"! !r T' yCt " gtl cfmP-'eJ ly a .rumbling in oftho banks, Cutting oftho flowers of potatoes i saiJ lnSh prices for libor and lor what wc raw did she receive suQkicnt a Imonishmont lint to incrcaao tho cron Potatoes 13 said r.caco with Mexico. Nor is tho Gazette excusa ble 011 llie ground that the solicited appropria tion was not granted, for it announced that Congress placed the ubovo named sum at the disposal of tlio Executive, previous to adjourn ment. ?iow, as locoiocoism is becoming eminent for compromises, and purchasing concessions, we will proposo to our censors to fill the ppace the veto would occupy, with tho comments of gen uine loccfocos upon it, and to chow our sincer ity, wc place in another column, a part of what the Ohio Statesman has to say. Tho Statesman is the oilicial organ of the party in that State. (Saturday night;) and 011 Sunday night tho Joint Committeo ol Coiilerenco on the Civil and Di plomatic Appropriation bill, composed of four Loco-Pocos and two Whigs, fico of the tit from Slave states, was called together, and aresolule attempt made to loist Mr. Polk's $2,000,000, which the IIouso had just passed in n separate bill, into thu (leneral Appropriation. bi!l,o that it should lithcr be fj reed through tcilhout the detes ted Ancirblarc procisj, or lUa General Approprui tion bill fail, anil the Government bt run high ami dry usion! Lot when a rumor of this maiioii- ver pot wind, and an intense excitement among tho .Members generally from tho Free Slues was created, mid a determination q iickly arrived at to kill the appropriation hill and bravo all con sequences rather than havo tho trick siiiceed. So it had to bo given up. CTIt seems quite diliicuit for the locofocos of Pennsylvania to swallow tho British Tariif with out murmuring. In a count which gave a large majority for Polk, Dallas, and thoTarilfof '4i, the genuine locofocos lately held a meeting at which it was Itesolvcd, That the policy pursued by the ENDURING IIEAT.-Tho fcmolfl servant of a baker at Ilocliefoucault, cloth eJ in llannel, was in tho habit of enter- ino: her master's oven, and remaining I0113 enough to remove all the loave?: and Dr. Brewster inform, us that tho lato Sir Francis Chantrey's workmen entered tho oven employed in baking the moulds, an iron ap'irtment lourteen feet lon. twelvo feet high, nnq twelvo foot broad, tho temperature! of which, with closed loors, was 3o0 degrees, and the iron floor red hot. They wero guarded a giiiist tho boat of tho (l or by wooJen clogs, which were, of course, charred on tho suifuce. 0:i one occasion' he adds, Mr.Chautry, accompanied by five or six of his fiiciuls, entered the furnace, nnd, after remaining two minutes, brought out a thermometer1 which stood at C20 de grees, born-) of tho party experienced sharp paiti.s tn trie tip of their ears and iu tho septum of the no e, whilo others felt a pain in their eyes. Th ;se experiments tuove tho cxtiaordinary heat which the living b.dy is capable of bearing with im- pumty, and favor the possibility of per sons passing uninjured through flame. provided tho body can bo truarded from being 6c!iorcIied by a non conducting cov ering ol an incombustible naluro. From tlia Montreal Cnnn'or now Tirn Canadians unukhkta vr THE TARIFF QUESTION. "Tho passago oftho Tariff Bill onnear to havo excited torrihlo consternation d mong tho manufacturers in the United Slates. Curses, not loud but deeD. aro showered on the President and h 14 nnr. , . , I and came up a little before the time previously agreed on for adjournment. It wa known that thoo who call themselves 'tho South," and as such make everything bend to tha cxtensionnnd fortification of Slavcjy, (though we do not be lieve the real pentiment oftho South coincide Willi theirs,) had resolved that tho proviso inhib- .,.! 1... .1.,. 1 :;.. ui.. . :.. iw--- . , " i sum 11 t 1 ut, mu, umini 111 .111 v .i u.t il- 1:1 ii-rrimr v wmrii mi v Administration iu reference to the adjust- acquired in our Territory of Peace should be meni 01 uie uctaus 01 our licvcnue laws is an '' r ine inn enoni.i uncalled for departure from tho ancient land' marks of the Democratic party an aban donment of the principles asserted by Jeflei son, Madison, Monroe and Jackson at va riance with their own declarations during tho campaign of 1311, and ruinously detrimen tal to all tho great interests of the country. Kesolved, That tho watch-word of tho Democracy of tho North, from this tunc forth until the overthrow of the Uiitish Tariff The bill went to tho S mat.i on Monday, ty, who havo thus done theii best to ruin national industry .as Unglisuncn, wo. 01 course, arc pleased that the tariff is a ooiis'icd, as taking in conjunction with our abolition oftho Com Laws, it will o pen an, immense market for us, but if wo wero Americans wo should certainly bo -..! laiiumen. Blind and preverso as aro somo of our own people in relation to the taiitT. tho question is well understood by Enulish- oenators who do not desire the extension of ,nvi1' pararapn as IIUS oueht to a 1. ...11 . .. 1 . . - . I i h . '-' oi.itr woiii.i not i irn to vote a they felt 0.1 open ino eyes Ot OUT iarmcrs, mechanics, an ine so mado up between Freedom and Sla- and laborers. -. r. ir.i i4 01 .uj.s. rose to ueuato tlio bo killed. Tlin Slave State, including Texas, have no.v a ma jority iu the Senate, and can do as they please un-re, una u wa caicul ited tint those Southern lit. IMvuol .11 hi. rose to motion to etriko out the proviso, and did debate it (bein every moment interrupted bv bill from the Iloute, Ac.&c.) until tho Seriate died a natural death. He had determined, n'mca it nr- Toiucco.- -During tho present season a very largo Tobacco cron has been rl an ted; tho plants aro forward, tho season for bill of 184G, shall bo rcpral!' And wo hereby , "ct.lT1 11,0 b'i' ,,,usl '.J ll,st either planting having been very favorable pledge ourselves to support no man, for any . .v . 11,0 ,r,,"'.ll,il.,t :im,lli 4 10 ho crop is growmz ranidlv and Dromi. S .rSJri" M!n V '""?:" "I" House shouid no", E : neutralized hi . Tonim .S b? n0' U P'ablo th.t w uiawui.iuiiuuj uicjsure, anu m ia- 1 vnin nriimiJ,...ni., 1 1 ..1.. i- ... . vorof giving fair and just protection to homo mate oftho cour.o of tho Senate Had the vote nuustry anu uomcstic manufactures." been taken, the proviso icoidd hare hem suitah. It ought to bo intimated to the democracy of f" tn v,t Sr.nnlc, and Lewi Jk. Co. would have Northumberland, Co., that their l.iiiii.i"o ij , V " M" '" ' wi om ine oesson, as tiiey l,n,lr.,..,l..,l .1... .1... I .11 .1 ,. . . ..u, , ;,ir..i .. c . r ! r 1 I "'- "mi me uiu kiiouki not pas. win rattier loo inucnendet for faithful n.irtioan in I 1 01 : ... . . . .. - 1 w iii'uiniui inuvnu niiacneii m it. ii v:,m utter, and if llie locofocos of Pnyctto catch "imply n question Jmo the bill was to be killed, uicm, mey will f urely inflict upon them the M ooomeu any how. naiinar.dni n.nliir.,!. tn,.,i;n-.- oucn are tho facts 111 tho cae. How do thev 1 "j' i mi mu union n cimrgns on senator vvm. M. 1'rice, a dutinguished member of ,i,r ho could imagmo that Uie Virginia t.eN.Y.bar, recently committed n.ieido by l"!" i tfj0 TJiV .. . .'.a. i.m 1, 13 as- sailed by tlio Union for destroying? Ily tho way, tho cening P oat's correspondent says of this very bill and failure: "To be candid, I am very glad that the wboh firoposition was defeated. Of course, it is pain ill to ma tn rtnrns Jonbt nr n.lirkotinri with prosperous days had conferred pecuniary favors I my recommendation of tho President, but this such a nucs- not reconcile my support. hooting himself with a pistol. He leaves a largo family to deplore the rash and melancholy event. Mr. Prico was U. S. District Attorney durina the administration of Gen. Jackson, and in Ins s ( j .. .... va,uiimrjr lavors icm'iiiiiiciiu.iiiuii vi nig l luniu witlia liberal hand npon his friends but I10 tvvo f m'"'" business comes in i found himself deserted in his time of need, and ,'npC,, "V11?51 1 "h1 ' ,. ,. ... 1 1 an v 1 iii.vii,nnii ii with my nrnso of duty to civo it 11 sought re l.cf in f u.nde. P-umgh said -AVic York Tribun the Tobacco crop of Missouri, for 1810 will bo at least ono third larcror than tbo crop of last year. Tho crop of last year was not equal to that of the preceding year, this branch of agricultural busi ness is oxtendinu. At tho State Ware house, 3.30 hhds of Tobacco havo been in spected from tho 1st of January last up to tho lCth oftho proscnt month; during tho samo ttmo SCO hhds. wero inspected at tho Plan tors' Warohousc. The quan tity at tho Planters' is 2G0 hhds. less than woro inspected at tho samo place last year during tho somo period of time. St. Louis Rep. B3 A loafer tumbled into th Arm .Wb tho other day, and got a terrible sousiug He said ho couldn't see what made the peo ple lie so. Dry-Dock ' be d 1 I'm wetter than a week's East windsqueezed out. cusiit." Noah. 0