Newspaper Page Text
Prom N. Y. Herald.
Important from Cnliforula. We publish in this day's paper, the proc lamation of Commodoro Robert J Stock ton, of the UniteJ States Navy, ,wbo is now I hfl act'ial governor of California, tho capture of which is probably one of the most inter est'mg aid important events that lias taken place s'ukc the declaration of independence, It appears that the whole ol .California i now in the possession ol tbe United States, from San Francisco to the north. As this vast territory comprising an. area almost incalculable, wan a soil unequalled for fertility and a climUe salubrious beyond belief will assuredly , be ceded to and an nexed to the United States, as an iudemnity for our expensivo war, its acquisition will be of the highest importance to ub, in a nation al point of view. We get by it a strip of ter ritory large enough to make severity States m large as New Jersey, and containing as much ms several of the European nations to gether. ; t - The annexation of Texas sinks into insig nificance when compared with the annexa tion of CalifornV. and although its capture was not marked with the bravery and loss of life that attended ,the takiug ot Montety, which characterized the battles of Palo . Alto and Reseca do la Pahua, is none the less brilliant on that account, and far more im poitant to the destinies of our country. The conquest of Gov. Stockton "makes known to all men. that havinc. by rizht of conquest taken possession of that Tcrritoiy ktiown by tho name of Upper uud Lower California. I do now declare it to be Territo ry of the United Stales, under the name of the Territory of California." The nroclamation then provides for the novernment of the said Territory, until fur ther action by the Government of the United States, as follows: The Executive power and authority in and over the said Territov, shall be vested in 9 Governor, who shall hold his office for four years, unless imoved by the President of the United States. The Governor shall reside within the said Territory; shall perform the duties and receive tho emolument ol buper inteodent of Indian Affairs; aud uull approve of all laws passed by the legislative Council before they shall take ciJVctj hJ may. grant pardon, for offiences against tbe laws of the United States, until the decision ofthe Pres ident can be made known thereon; he 6hall commission all olliceis who shall be appoint ed to office under the laws of the said Ter ritory, and shall take care that the laws are faithfully executed, A Secretary rs appointed to hold office in Hke manner, who shall perforin all the duties ofthe Governoi, during his abscence, and in case of his death or removal. The Legislative power shall be vested in the Governer and Legislative Council. The illative Council shall consist of seven per sons, who shall be appointed by the Gover nor for two years, after which they 6hn)l be aunually elected by the people. The power of the Legislative eouncil of the territory shall extend to all rightful subjects of legielstion: but no law shall be passed interfering with the primary disposal of the soil; no tax shall bo imposed upon the property of the United States; nor shall the land or property of non-residents be taxed higher than the lands or other property ol residents. All the laws ofthe legislative council shall he submitted to, and if disapproved by the Governor, the same shall be null and void of no effect. The municipal officers of cities, towns, departments, or districts, heretofore existing in the territory, shall continue to exist; and all their proceedings be regulated and con trolled by tke Government and legislative council. All ofticfHS of cities, towns, departments, r districts, shall be elected every year by rhe people, in such manner as may be pro. vided by the Governor and iegMative coun cil. , Important from Mexico. SUKRESDKK OF TaMPICO WITHOUT A ATTM" The New Orleans Tropic ofthe 2lst nit., brings us the gratifying intelligence that the important seaport and fortified town of Tam pico surrendered on the 14th inst. to our tieet without battle, and is now in possession f Com. Conner. We regard the occupa tion of this sea port as of more importance in the fuither prosecution ofthe war, than all the towns and territory that have been trken, and we are greatly surprised fthat it should hive been peaceably given up. Det. Adv. The Tropic says; Tha United States steamer Mississippi, Lieut-Commandant Henry A. Adams, arri ved at the Soulh-West Pass on Thursday night, from Tampico, with Commodore M. Peiry on board. Commodore Perry and Purser Warrington reached the ci'y, in the tow-Star, yesterday morning. We have had he pleasure of conversing with the officers above named, and from them we learn the gratifying intelligence that on SalurJay, the 14th inst., Tampico was taken without the sheding of blood, and is now in Ksses9ion of Commodore Conner. 1 lie troops of the garrison had evacuated it some time before, carry ing with them i's guns and ammunition, or disposing ol them in some way, so that they could not be found. The important city of Tampico is now ours, and the capture of it without the loss of a man is gratifying in the extreme. The town was garrisoned by about three hundred of our soldiers and marines. The Mississippi landed Acting Lieut. An derson, ofthe Navy, at the Brazos, to com municate to. Gen. Patterson the capture of Tampico. It is believed thai the JMississppi, which vessel will start on her return to the squadron this evening, w'as ordered here to procure arms, ammunition, and, it is thought, men, to reinforce the new United States garrison at Tampico. Nothingof interest has been heard from the City o( Mexico, but Com. P. says that the Government and people evince great bitter ness towards the United States. Commodore Perry is In robust health and fine-spirits. The officers and men of the squadron are in tho enjoyment of good health. Or ncF.M or tiik Steamship Mmsrvsippr Com M. C Perry; Henry A. Ad.ims, Lt, Cbiji.'d.'g; Lieut. J. C. Carter, W. A. Par ker, W. P. Robertson; Surgeon. L. W. Mi nor, J. H, Ik-own; i hissed Midshipman, A. Harbor, F. (iregory; Midshipman, J. S. Fil lebrown, D. A. Chcevcr, I). L. llrain, and W. W. Wilkinson. A Sad Stokit. Mr. Williams, of the Georgia Itegiment, in a-letter to his father, dated Monterey, Oct. 11, says: "Theranks of our regiment have been terribly thinned. Wt marched aciois the Chatahoochce river ' with nin hundred a iff! ten officers and men, and f o-day, the regiment ?ll told barely num bers si hundred, and hardly that. We have discharged many from sickness and disabil jtyjtilj, we have, deposited nearly seventy beneath the chapporaj q the short space ol four months. . - Oivoitci:. Mr, Mjers announces tint he will rt'y t0 Vifrjr-i i I.?i-l )turo jjr i divorce Irom 1i wl iinij Myen, Krcmi the Buff. Com. Advertiser. ' 1IIUULY IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO, ! AND THE ARMIKS OF Tlin CENTRE AND INVASION. MONCLOVIA AND CHIHUAHUA TAKEN THE ARMISTICE ftllOKCX UP tiT.N TAY.OIt HAS AGAIN COMMENCED HOSTILITIES MAKCHOKGEN. WOR. TH ON SALT1LLO THE REVOLUTION IN MEXICO SANTA ANNA DRIVEN I''RUM-8M LUIS -'OTOM!-HI RK- TRl'.AT TO THE CITY OP.MKXICO MARCH OF Gt:N. PATTERSON TOR TAMIMCO, &c. Ac. &c.-r - - : By the steamship McKint, nt New Orleans from Brazos, which poit she left on the Silh i - i.. ... . i i.i.ui.. i A .... Hist., wo nam tain auu wiuiy iiiipuiiaui in telligence from Mexico. . The Mchim brought as passengers Ma jors M'Lean ami Graham, bearerof despatch es front Uen. laylor and Capt. JJavis, bear erof despatches from Gen. Wool. Gen. Wool took peaeeaota possession of Moncloviaon the 30th October. j The Governor and a number of the most Influential citizens formed anescoit.ou hear ing of Gen. Wool's approach, nd met . hiin about four miles from the city, and welcom ed him as a friend. Gen. Wool occupies, as his head quarters, one ol the best houses'' in the city, and every attention is paid to him and his troops by the inhabitants. The aimy of Gen. Wool 2000 strong is in excellent health and spirits. News was received at Monclovia on the 2J Nov., that Col. Doniphan, of Gen. Kearney's Santa Fe division, had taken tho city of Chi huahua, with his command, numbering 750 men, without resistance. ' . Colonel Rileyi of tho 3d Infantry, had been ordered to march with his regiment on Vic toria de Tamanlipas,and was already en rouie for that place. General Taylor on the arrival ol despatch es from our Government ordertng the dis continuance of the armistice, despatched Maior Graham to Saltillo to confer with the Mexican camp, and inform them of the fact and that thereafter each party was at liberty to act as they might think best io l Ha nicy iuiui iuiuiv vtui , 0 a eoldior vvas to be seen at Saltillo ou arrival at that rlaee ol Major Graham, , had a3y mae mc.T appearance previous Not the nor to hi leaving there. On the 16th Nov. Gen. Worth recived or ders at Monterey. to march against Saltillo, and everything was in readiness for his de parture. No resistance however, was antici pated from the enemy. - Letters received at Camargo continue to speak of Santa Anna's preparation at San Luis Potosi. They stale that he had collec ted at that place S0.000 men; but little cre dence was given to the statements. General Worth's division still occupied the city of Montery, and Generals Twigg'a and Butler's commands were encamped out side ilifl town. It was also rumored at Camargo, on the 8tli Nocember, that another revolution had broken out in Mexico, and that tho ; Santa Anna party had declared him Dictator. The partisans of Santa Anna, headed by General Valencia, demurred at the Dictatorship, and drove him and his over-zealous frieuds from San Luis Potosi. The Dictator, in conse quence, was falling back on the direction of the city of .Mexico. This rumor, however, was doubted by the bitter informed citizens of Camargo. The inhabitants of Camargo arc talking seiiously of a territorial government. Gen. Patterson had left Camargo with 2000 men, en loute for Tampico. Gen. Ampudia, the Mexican chiefat Mon terey, was reported to be confined in pns.n at MaiagortlajpkoQ nccuunt of his rr.pitulatlorj to Gen. Taylor, of th? c:y under his com mand. Colonel Gates, Ims been appointed Gover nor of Tampico. Gen. Butler is still sufL-ring severely from the effect of his wounds. CoJ. Baker hnd recovcicJ from lho ifU ri;s ho hr.d received. The M'Kim left at Brazos, the U. S. brig Somen and sehr. Arispc, loading for Tampi co, for which port she would snon sail with a company of regulars, provuiuns stud muni, tions of WJT. The M'Kim lost overboard on her voyage, Charles Multcr, of Baltimore, of the Texrs Rangers, and Churchill, of Capt. May's U. S. Dragoons. Sr.inLii War Policit. Great many sur mises has been m tde as to the sudden change in Polk's war policy. It is known that by authoiitv of the War Department it was an nounced far and wide that no more troops were needed and none would be called for.- Hardly, however, was this announcement heard, before prcslol nine ne regiments are required for Mexico. Some have said that this was all a rine to save the loan; others that Polk hi 1 a couiagcous moment, felt tin v?siully valliant, nnd committed him.clf in lavor of active measuies; others that Santa Anna had written Polk that he haj waited long enough for those promised two millions, (which Senator Davis taUcd to death,) and that he should now match on the Sabiue nnd surfeit in glory and American spoils. What ever may have been tho cause, it is plain enough from the following letter of Mr. Sec. Marcy, tint fine day $ only before the new re quisition was made, he was in "blessed ig norance" of what was to be done next. It will be noticed that this letter was sent to Kentucky, and dated Nor. 1 1th, and his citcular for nine new regiments, Nov. IGth. What a provident, far-seeing policy, Polk nnd his Cabinet are pursuing. We should not be surprised by the next mail to see an order countermanding the new levies.- De troit Advertiser, WAR DEPAftTMF.VT, Nov. 11th, 1611). I Firl In reply to your application of tho 21 inst. to Tii a Company of Volunteers to be attached to tho 2Ihi. regiment of Infantry from Kentucky I have the honor to inform yon that it is not contemplated to tilt up tho regiments that hive been reduced; but should (lie exi gency of the war render a future call for volun teers necessary, dun consideration will be given to your patriotic offer. it proper, hittrrrtr, to $ay, that tlit amount of force alrta ly in a rtier it dumnl Miijf'u ieiit for tUr. jrottxution of the tear. Very respectfully, your ob't servant. W. L. MARCY, Secretary ol War. B. P. Pt'RDAM. Esq., Stanford. Kentucky. J Connecticut MANUFACTtaths.- Tho State of Connecticut mnst soon, if U docs not already, in propoitbn to the population, compete with any other Slate in the extent of its manufacture? j. It has already 137 cotten mills, 187 tanneries, 123 woolen mills, 37 paper mills, beside carpet, clock, carriage, silk, pin, and other factories of every descrip tion, for the rnanufactuie of " Yankee no tions." . Auolition Movement. S. Bailey, edi tor of the Cincinnati Ihiily Herald, an aboli tion paper of great ability and influence, has withdrawn from, its charge, to take the con tiol of nn abolition paper in- Washington. It will be commenced as a weekly paper, and be called The Xattonal nod J. J. Whi' lirr, t f Mass., nnd A. A. Pheljw of N. Y. iill be a'.'orhte'd a cencspondm fditor. HILLSDALE WHIG OTXDARI), hillcdale: TUESDAY MORNING, DEC 15, 1613. M AON ANIMITV IS POLITICS IS THE TRITIT WISDOM NOTICE. We wish lo remind our 6ubicrihfr, thotthry fan Fiv fifty cents by payinyfor llio Sttuirtor 1, witliiu xix inoiu'is from the time tlicv roiniuonced lakine it. The next ntfrnbVr " will iromrlete'Uie first" n'x riiontrnC of our publication, rjnd wc iop It will he convenient for ou patron to make prompt payment. THE WAR. There are good reasons to believe that Mr. Polk his finally decided upon a vigorous prose cution of the war. ;; Gen. Scott has ben ordered to the Held (it is believed to Tampico) and upon his arrival, will ansnme tho command, nod if the policy of our Cabinet does not change before he gets fairly in motion! we may expe ct to hear of some decisive and brilliant achievements. This is what all most desire. It is too Into to discuss the objects or necessity ofthe war, at least little good can result from it at present,' Its existence has been recognized by the con stituted authorities, end it becomes the Nation to put forth its energies, to insure a speedy ter mination. With a single exception this has been done. A largo portion of Congress looked upon a war with Mexico as a great and a unnw-essary evil, and believed we were involved in ilVy the Ins. ty and ill advised measures ofthe President, and yet, when money to prosecute it was required, ihe rsourr or th nntion wer freely appro priated. Again, tho recent elections stamp this war with the disapprobation. of the public, and yet, when volunteers are called for, thotmnds peril their lives, who believe the evil would hnvo been avoided, had tho President condescended to consult the v.ar making power. -, We suspect that tho rrcsldeut.dUl uot antici itaio a jjiumhi-hm eutiojjiu ucu up juu ne may have thought that the glorv of or tW0( lho uuisitidnof tho Mex rit0 n tha casl siJa t)f tho Rio pate a protiacted etrugglo when he provoked it ft batUQ I Mexican ter ritory, upon the casl siue ot mo kio u ramie, t would erase tho disgrace brought upon his ad ministration by the bluster ho mailo about Ore gon, biU he did not expect a blooily and expen sive war. Mexico was detracted in her coun cils, her people wero oppressed and Buffering, and it was believed thit awars.gaiiiMt her ty. rants, for the benefit of the suffering, would con ciliate the latter classes, an J render a conquest rosy. But when this mode failed, tho worst of her many tyrants was appealed to and trusted, tobringaboulpeace. The benevolent purpose of confi'rinj tho blessings of a froo govern ment upon tlie people was abandoned, and nego tiations have been progressing with the exiled chief, that have accomplished nothing, except to restore him to power, and to . delay our ef forts. If we aro involved in difficulty out of which wo must fight our way, let it bo done quickly energetically, and effectually. Gen. Scott, of all others i s th manto extricate us. nnd we are as much pleased as surprised that the busincrs has been committed to him. . Tut DAn, Thejremains of Col. Cross wcro brought to Wash i n g ton early in Nov., and after an imposing funeral ceremony, wore deposited in tbe Congressional Burial Ground. Col. Cros it ill be remembered w.is murdered by a par'.y of Ronchcros on the Rio Grande. Baltimore has ser.ta delegation to rescue from a Strang land thebodieof Maj.Rincrgold, Col. Watsan, and Capt. Ridgeley. Tho latter was killed by a fall from bis horse. Buffalo has also commissioned one of her cit izens to restore to their friends tho bodies of Capts. Williams and Field. This is praise-worthy. Thoso who sacrifice t heir lives in obedience to the laws of our coun try, are entitled to every nv;rk of respect the living can bestow upon them. Most of those named above have loft families, all have left friends. The sofiial circles from which they have been ttikcn are mourning cir cles, and though they will undoubtedly receive lho sympathy of personal friends, and ofthe na tion, yet the utmost kindness of individuals, and the most liberal policy the government can pur sue, cai only mitigalo lho woe tint bows the mourners. ' : And let us not forgot that others havo fallen, equally brave, nnd equally meritorious, bat whoso fito will not ho distinguished by equally cosily testimonials of affection. In the strife for the laurel, they rushed to the grave, and the only monument to their memory, is a name writ ten upon the Iit of tho slain, and their friends are left to grieve in silence. War is a fearful calamity, and if we would iruly cMimato its cost, observation must embrace oilier incidents than the shocks of armies, for, tho amount of life blotted out by the bloody tide of battle, dreadful as it is, is only an ihm! Were it possible to marshal in on-s ghastly column the slain ofthe threo great battles, mul titudes would yet bo missing, both from the ranks of the living, and the dead. They have fiillcn victims to disease in tho camp. The arm of friendship may have 'supported them; but the hand of affection was not there, and the name less comforts of home, wero exchanged fur tho bare necessities of a soldier's life,, with the ground to repose upon, nnd a single blanket, to answer the tripple purposes of a bed, a throud, and a coffin. 1 Truly ; there is a responsibility, impossible to appreciate, resting upon ihoso who draw tho sword, except as a last resort. Tiik WntcK. Forty three persons are mis sing from the number known to have been on board of the Atlantic. Thirty eight bodies have been taken from tho water. The Captain of tho boat, Rev. Dr. Armstrong of N. Y. Dr. Hass Icr and Lieut. Norton of the Navy are amongst tho number. Thk Scnooirn Ltxuoroxclearcd from Cleve land two days previous to tho late gale, with a crew of six persons. She foundered und .went down with sails set, 5 or 8 miles from Huron. Her top mast reaches above the water. Tha Schooner Waterloo left port in company ith tbe Lexington, and bus not been heard from since, Thirteen persons were on board. The whip "fancy now thst they shall succrd in niukiug Mr. r. Folk aadmuiMtralion unpopular. .Monroe Gazette. The Gazette is mistaken. The President his done ihat little job effectually, an I it is the only thing that has been irttl done. . KTTht pcrsuti who called nt this Office on Wednesday last, and took n monthly paper, (Western Pioneer.) will confer a favor by rx trartin it from hi pocket :.n. ri ttiini.i lh-' a ne (o d:i- Ohi. Lookout roa TuifcVKs. Tho Tailor Shop of K. IIattos was breketi open on Wednesday night last, and a watch was stolen , which was hanging by the window, the thief done it in a very nice manner hy breaking a light of gjass and reaching in and taking it otT the nail. Noth ing has been heard of the rogue. ' The Gazette is of opinion, that high fees are dangercus to tuo morals of political men. .We pupposo onr neighbor ought to know. 1 . , Wo lay before llio readers one of the queer est documents it has ever been our luck to pe ruse. In order to present it In the most fivora Uo light, wo also copy the remarks ofthe paper in which it comes to us (tho N, Y. Herald). The Herald seetna delighted with it, but wo must postpone further remarks at present. Tho N. O. Pictiyune has Vera Cnu papers to the 8th ult. Their contents aro interesting, and we cannot do better than to lay before our readers (he following extracts from the Tic. . ' A fiir view of Mexican opinions and feelings may ce gnUiered Irom tuem. ) "We miss the paners'of 1st just., which con tained Santa Anu-Vs address from San Luis, in which he endeavors to- heal the dissensions of parties in the capital, and renounces forovcr for himself political office. Judging from the touo of the papers, this will not do. Parties are so embittered against each other that he only can t lay thtir excesses aud unite the country. All appeal to him, especially the extreme federalists to assume power. , In the end ho will bo con strained to do so, or civil war ensue. The tone ofthe Mexican papers is as embittered against us as ever.. Nothing is talked of in the Provin ces but the war; aad in thocspitol, but the war and the political divisions., But let us first bring up the news as to the fxpeditiou of Tnbaseo. uneii uoni. rerry :eu me anciioraze near Vera Cruz for Tobasco, the Mexicans supposed that Alvorado was agaiu to be attacked. It was only some days al'ler that they learned his real destination. I ueir first accounts of tho result were published on the 2d inst. They treat it ns a wanton, predatory expedition, prompted only bv the defenceless state of Tabasco, and they taunt us with our two repluaes from Alvarado, aua aeiy us 10 renew me attempt. itu wiu iwiivu ut & ooiisco j i.4 calculated rl' tha enemy )Americauat) oue tfficer, two ma- nucs and sis sailors, Tho lndicador savs that the Capt. General at Vera Cruz received dispatcher on the 5th inst. covering another from tho Secretary of State of tha United States to tho Mexican Secretary of Foreign Affairs. The purport was unknown to tho editor, bat he presumes it to be another' proposal on our part for peace Mr. Polk pre suming that tiie fall of Monterey will dispose ilia Mexicans to pubmissiou. ItwiJi ttirnouiagood joke, says the editor bitterly, for Mr. Folk spell- ing it Fork hy accident wnen lie tmus out that that misfortune has produced an effect precise ly contrary; and there is not u m m in the nation v.ho thinks of peace until the United States has given eatislactioij for the injuries they have dona us, nnd indemnified us for the injuries in llicted by their Vandal crusade. . He goes on to eay that tho supreme government neither wishes nor is it authorised to enter upon, negotiations. The subject belongs to tbe Congress to assem ble in December,, which assuredly will not ren der null tiro efforts which the uatiori is making to obtain by open force complete justice. Government received despatches on tho 1st inst. from Santa Anna with a statement of what measures for defence he had taken, und ciprcx. sing a Impo tint ho should be able to repair tau honor ofthe nation. The papers still complain of the exccsso.icom milted by tho Anmicans nt .Monterey. Fami lies continued to leave for Saltillo, nnd from the neighborhood of ihc latter city, even", they were going south to escape the visitation of our troops. . . : " '. ' A letter writer from San Luis Fotosi on the 28:hof October says there were theu 13.0C0 troops lhre, and that in fifteen days more there would probably be J0,000l There was no room for people in lho city aud provisions were ex cessively scarce.. . We have a long despatch fromAImonto giv. ing directions forthe execution of a decree of U.i las, commanding people in possession of arms to unug ill em in for the use oi the Ijoveriuueiit, to be appraised, Are. We have no time for the details, but tho Government shows itself in earnest in bringing out all thenwtcria! iu the country. Gen. Santa Anna has declined to rcccivo any pay for his services. The Government of tho State of San Luis Potosi has passed a decree expelling from its limit every Anglo American living tlijr, giv ing thcai three day counting from tho 21st of October, to take their departure. . We have thonddreBS of Gen. Valencia to the inhabitants of Guaunjunto, dated tho UOth of October, as he was to murch to join Santa Anna. That State is said to have rawed C000 troops, iu every way perfectly cqniped, and to buvo con tributed most liberally to the war. HisinfJress thanks them iu the most glowiog terms. Advices from Mazitlan to the 11th of October have been received iu Mexico. An Engli-h ves sel had arrived there, having touched at the va rious ports of both Califoruias, She reports lli it tho American possession of tho country is feaceful; that the greater part of the people "Would that we could wiyall," says the editor aro disgusted; several times insurrections hid been attempted, and wiih a little support they would be successful. The French Consul at Monterey, Mr. Gas rpiet, having beeii put under arrest for having protested against the occupation of Cal-lbniia, remains still under suruillancc. . An English vessel bad accordingly proceeded to the Mar quesas to communicate the news. We shall see, nifls the Mexican, how these audacious Yan kees will get out of this new ditiiculty', in which they are iuvolvod by their own excesses. A tloop-of-war ol lho enemy had arrived nt Ctiaymas, with a view to tako possession of that port (iu Sinaloa on tnc Gulfot California;) but tho captain of the port, named Spene.er, with two or three guns and tho volunteers which be collected, fired upon tho vessel aud compell ed bnr to retire. Some ofthe crew wero killed and many wounded, but lho number is not giv en. Such is one , .Mexican account; another nets down our loss at twenty-five killed aud wounded. From lli Cincinnati Chronicle,, Federalist,-- Wlilff. The Washington Union has determined to call lho Whig party by the name of Federalist. The Union does uot belong to thatcla-s of Phi losophers, who believe 'a rose will smell us sweet by iiuy other name." ' He thinks thnt by raising ihe cry of Federalist Federalism he can rnako the people lose sight of the great principles of the Whig party, and blindly, without investiga tion or thought, eruh that party, which alone snsta;ns the jJoctrinrs of true Democracy.' Tho Union fonrets, however, that most of tho lead er of the Old Federal party, an w ell as most of its doctrines, aro now incorporated into tho Lo co loco party.' With all its cnuninj and parly drill, the Government Organ will he unnblo to fasten upon the Whigs the ha mo of Federalism. The people will investigate, and investigation will show who are tho Federalists. Look at the following formidable' lit oT old Federal ists, who are now leadera of the Ijocnlbco party, and thtn ask which party most deserves tho name of Federalism. ' James Buchanan, William Wilkin. Richard Rush, John M. Brad, Henry I). Galpin, John K-Kane, Robert Geer, Thos. II. Crawford, Gitlien C. Verplank, James K. Paulding, Wm. Cnlleii Bryant, John V, Cushman, Stephen Warren, George R. Davis, Carrol D. Wall, lVrfr D. Vriom. J.vr?- St litiicn. Robert Stockton, Henry Hubbard," " George Baucroft,' Robert Rantoul, Marcus Morton, Louis McLane, Roger 11. Taney, Rt'tij. Howard, Upton Heath, Lewi Cass, J.. Vunderpoul, j , H. Knickerbocker, I c-v i Woodbury, Paul William., Gfor"! Mr Krim. U'-uj . N I'.idl vK, u.td niniv other r t. ARRIVAL OF TIN: "C21LEDOHIA. PI Fifteen Days later Frour Enrope. The steamship Caledonia arrived at Bos- ston on Saturday morning, nt 7 o'clock, 15 days and 16 hours from Liverpool, whence bhe sailed on the 19th November! Our last advices by this arrival are to the 19th Nov. From Liverpool and the 13th Nov. from Londoo.- Free Flour, U. S. was selling in London at 32s to 33s per bbl. - In the Liverpool mar ket the same sold at 3 Is 6 J to 33s per. bbl.; ; Corn 5 Js to 54s per qr. , The grain maiket, both in England and on the Continent, are down. '' , Tho money maiket remains abrut the same as at the last advices. Tho Bank oi England notes of interest is three per ceut.' Bullion is being transported Irom the Kingdom. . Cotton U-l-Sd per lb. lower. Sates small. Free Trade is progressing throughout Eu rope. n :: "" '... Humors of m'nisterial dissensions prevail in England, but they originate in columns of papers avowedly hostile .the Whig Uovern ment. . . i ; : ; The accounts which tho 'Caledonia' took out to England were considered favorable in a commercial point of view, for they brought uumerous orders contaigent to the openm: of tho American'ports under the new Tariff. " The Prussian Charge d' Affairs to 'the States of North America, Baron (lerrct, )us arrived at Berlin to receive in person, in structions from hisGovetnmenl in relation to a treaty of Commerce aud Negotiation to be cuncludod between Zoll Varciu aud the N. American Sl.ves. . (j , ' $ The misunderstanding; between England and France relative to the Moupensier mar riage continues to uflord a vent fur angry pretensions on both sides of the Straits of of Dover, -A new article 6f import has recently beftu t'co'i iuto this country from England, called Soda BUscuiis- Several tihipments havo been made, hut the demantlexcecds the sup ply. ' . Mr. Brelhner, of Wick, Civil Engineer, at the request of tho underwriters concerned i n the monster steamship 'Great Britan' has visited and reported jointly with Mr. Alex under Brellmcr, ol Liverpool, upon the pres ent state and position of tho vosscl. The report of these gentlemen is to the effect that the 'Great Britain' ha as yet received com paratively little injury that means may bo used for beaching her by keeping the stem to tho sea, until the next storm and it will men be neifectlv practicable to cct her oil the strand. .; 1 AWFUL DISAS TEtt.STEAMBOAT. MARIA SUNK-GREAT LOSS OF LIFE.' A most terrific steamboat accident occur red on Saturday, the 21ts ult.. "a few miles below Natchez, on the Mississippi river. We arc indebted to Mr. J. M. Martin, eierii of the steamboat Talma, for the subjoined ac count of this most heart rending occurrence. , Louisvclle Join. . 1 On Saturday the21st alt., nearSo'lock in tho -morning, when seven or cigtit inncs oc low. Natchez, the steamer Maria, Cant. Dan nice, ascending, and the steamer Sultana, Capuin Pease, decruding, came (iu contact, by which the former immediately stink iu not .less than three fathoms water.' The shock was most terrible. displacing tho 'toil er ofthe Maria, bursting her steam pipe, and creating the most dreadful havoc mong lier crew, coiiiiitin-r, as wo learned from the sec nnd rlerk. of Alt v-two men. not including her officers and servants. Of ihis number twelve or fouitecn escaped unhuit, twenty-five to th'irtv wpie dan.TcrousI v scalded, and the rest are missintr. together with'the first e'erk, Mr J. P. Durst and the third engineer, name not known She had no deck and' but lew cabin nasscncrs. all of whom were probably saved, with m03v of their bagga;fl. There wero only two ladies on board. Mrs. Dt. Meade, of St. Louis, and Mrs. J. G. Lauds dale and family. of Memphis. Thoso ladies ccttainly displayed great presence of mind, especially Mrs.'L., who prudently closed her doors, to protect herself" and children from steam. Tho Talma being almost instantly along side, they were safely conducted on board. The wounded were brought on board our bout in sheets and matrasses, and ar ranged in our cabin. Their shrieks. were heart rending; their agonjes. cannot be de scribed and were horrible to witnes. Eve rything was done by the officcis ofthe Ma ria, Sultana, and Talma, to render them rs comfortable as tho circumstances would ad mit. T)r. Meade. Launders and others, and more pariiculaily Mr. Samuel llyinau of Louisville, were very cmcicni in dressing their wounds aud endeavoring to relieve their sufferm?. Capt. Ilitc, of the Talma, remained along side as long as he could bo of any service, and did uot leave until aftcrconsulting Capis. Dunnice and Pease to know if more could be done; then running up to Natchez, we theie left the afllictcJ, twenty-two in number, in in charge of the hospital physician. ISKllau Dcpi citations. The St. Louis Republican, of Vetl nesilay last, states that Moj. Sumner and Liout. Aiimsthoxu, U. S. A., havo arriv cil at Fort Loaveu worth from Santa Fe. .They confirm wo learn, tho information, proviously received, ofthe robbery, of a train of United States, wagons, by tho In dian., near the pass of tho Arkansas. Theto wero thirty wagons and ono 'hun dred, and sixty mules in tho train, and they wero accompaned by f icty men. Tho wagons wcro filled with clothing & hospital stores, commissary' stores, su gar, coffee, &c. They took possession of every, thing, except tho wagons, and mado off with tho property. . This out rage was committed hy a party of two hundred Pavvneo Indians; and little op position was mado by tho mcnt as they wore without ammunition. , Wo shall have, no doubt, full particulars, in a day or two. Cincinnati Chronicle. Their Son i "Major Van Huren, son of lho ex-Pros-id ent, uclcd as aid to (ieneial Taylor ut the siego of Monterey." - , So 6ays the Philadelphia Inquirer. John C. Calhoun's son is aid to Mnj. Gen. Cj fitnes. Henry Clay's son is Lt. Colonel of a regiment of Kentucky vol unteers. . Daniel Webster's Son is Cap tain of a company of ; volunteers in Mas sachusetts, and. will pfobably be in Mox-ico-soon. John J. Crittenden's eon is a Captain in tho new regiment of Mounted Itillemcn.. . ' Jj J . ' Il.nn Dutt. The. Washington Union calls upon the people to watch for the saluta ry effects of the Sub-Tressuty law. If they are to temain on the wtch nil the "salutary ; ciiects' am visible, they w ill have inilicr :l i long yU. . Anti-Slavkry PnoaniM it Kr.KTiTKT. Th 'Ctocinpati IcraldMia a letter from Glasgow, Kentucky. ihe riter of which de scribes tbe progress cf tbe . Anti-slavery feel- rugs in that tegion. In tr. i summer of 1843, a Dr. Ilitchcocic w as warn a out of cue coun ty fox the ofl'euce of having a few coppio of I" acts Tor the People,' an anti-slavery tract, which he showed to some of bis friends, tie was a member of the Presbyteuan chuich. Soon after, 2l copies of ths 'phllanthrojMst' were taken, nnd afterwards -Clay s' True American.' At the present time there sre 72 copies of the Truj American, 2U of the Anti-Jjlavefy Jteporter, 7 or the 'Philan- ihropist CTpJ" tbe. 'Saturday "rirltoV,."&5c."' The writer eys- forther i ; k Another' lhin is, ou the coumtet'mid'br bles of . several of ourf Merchants nnd Mi- American, UeraM,'.. and Arm-Slavery IU porter, and in our Court House T have no ticed several cojtcs of'ths above named pa pers lying on the table- within-the bar, or in I I. r I I r . I . . r I saw during tills week? at one time, four of its members, including a distinguished Judged with copies of r he tTruo-American', in their. .. hands, reading it within the bar, and in the past 'week during the session of court, I think ' more than half of. the time, some ofthe mem-' bcrs were reading sums of the above named' 1 papers. ,. j ... ... . . r , ,. . t ' Some of the 83 , niepwho warned Dr. Hitchcock away,, are,' noV subscriber; ly these papers. . 'Tiir ' Wrecki:d" ' Atlantic, Vc" rrave New Vork date of Sunday, P. M. A letter to the Gazette says i 1'..' " " ' The Narragansett, from'Stoomgton, arri ved this morning, but brings little further in formation relative to. the loss of the Atlantic. The rcssel was broken completely v- ' Nothing can now be seen save tbe machine ry and one wheel. Several more bodies have been picked hp making the number found bo far thirty -five.; Five bodies were brought nn last nirlit liv i Im l.nn . lion. Daniel Webster and lady arrived by the same conveyance, having providently re mained in New London during the storm. Messrs. Adams' Conductor placed their valise containing a large ' amount of money in a barreb wnieh washed-ashore about five mites from the scene of tha disaster, and has been brought to the city.' The funeral ofthe lamented Captain Dus tan took place to-day, and was attended by a nume rous assembly of friend.." . It will bo soni8 days before the total mini, her lost can be ascertained, as ihe Captain's Clerk informs me that lie h;l just commen ced collecting tho passage money when the- steamchest burst, and-after that he had no opportunity of ascertaining. the 'names of tha passengers. ,v ..." ; '""" 7' T PowDKa MiHl- Kxp.ost05 About "rti o'clock this morning,., tyro loud' reports were distinctly heard in all parts or the city, and a large volley of smoke was seen' coming in a North-west direction,' as the-wind was strong from that quarter It proved to be two of tho rooms attached to the powder'' works of James Jleatty, Ksq., on the Yorlc road, aboul six miles from xialiimore. It is reported that' n hrge amount of powdet has been lost, but to what extent we have not ascertained. .... The conctissicrj in the ieighhorhood was. very great.' A number of houses at a con siderable distance were partially shaken down by the shock, amnng which were the dwell ings ol Captain Purvaucc and Samuel Barnes;.' Ksrj. A small negro. hut some 300 Yards off was set on fire, Baltimore Patriot. Mom: or tiik, Kxplosio.n. The Balti more Telegraphic dispatches of he Phila-; delphia North American -ays: On repairing to the scene of disaster, ths' three large buildings (70 yards apart) belong ing to the inill were scattered over the sur rounding country to the distance of ten acres. there were five men. in tho building at the time of the explo.iion,-, and'tbey ,wcre blown into hundieds of- fragments legs,' nrms, hnads, masses of flesh and bones were scat tered in every direction, and the entrails of man were found hanging ta the limb of a tree more that a hundred yards from the mill. The houses for' n mile- and a half in thc country round weic more or less damaged : door were forced open, windows broke, and men prostrattd by .'ire -effects. '. No idea can be for mod as to the cause of) tho-.-explosion, as all the witnesses wcro instantly killed. One ofthe workmen left the mill a few min utes before the accident, and the hands wcro, at that time at work at their regular business. The names of lho live persons who lost their lives by this disaster are James Bush, Fian cis Woodward, .William Brandon, a Ger man named Kooop and a colored man named. Nelson Winger.- t. . . ! r ' "' Prentice; of the Louiiville Journal, talk" as few men can..' Hear hiin discourse to James IC. Polk of Tennessee:" "Well, Mr-Polk, you see, in the recent elections, the consequences ol your madness and folly. We forewarned you how it would be, but you tnrucd a deafear to ns and'ehoset to believe your own poor, drivelling editors who have neither the honesty nor the cour age to tell you the truth. How miserably you must be during the wretched remaining moiety of your administiation. condemned as you are by the nearly united voice of tho country. You richly deserve your fate. Strike auothcr blow at the protection of the honest industry of the people will you ? Veto another bill for the improvement of the Western Rivers will you? Get another Sub Treasury bill passed giving specie to yourself and your office holders, and rags to the country will yon ? Denounce all tho hanks as swindling shops and all tho bankers swindlers, and then sendyour little Secretary cringing and scraping and bowing among them for four millions of their paper to keep jour Administration's nose above water; will you? Get up another unnecessary war against some, feeble power 'so as to burden your country with a monstrous national debt for the remnant ofthe present century will you 1 Hush upon Great Britain "with the roar of the lion, aud then turn and run from her with the bleat of a scared calf will you. SunnE Death. We are this week call cd upon to notice the sudden demise of Mr. Geo. W. Hicks, of this place, from ao affec tion of tho heart. ' lie attended Church on tbe last Sabbath during the day and evening, apparently in better health' than sual. A bout 5 o clock on Monday morning; be inqui red tho time, of -J ' person sleeping in the same room ith him, and on Being told ' tho hour, he replied that it was-loo' early to riso yet; and In a lew minutes after he died with bat a i struggle. Adrian Expositor. . - The editor of the Louisville Journal is drawing conclusions from recent" politi cal events, and expresses ono of bis de duced ideas lu ihe following roundabout way : : - ' " Mourn 1 mourn !. mourn I o!i yo snag and sawyers and sandbars ! --Your patron is going to vacate his place in tbb'Picsidcntial chair, nnd you will have in vacate yours in our harbors and river-;." " ' - ' - '