Newspaper Page Text
Br TmiBuva Pnnrrrjro Oa» WILLMAR 7 MINU 19061 MAY 11906 SUN. MON. TUE. WED. 3 27 THU. FRI. I SAT. 2 6 *3 3 a 7 4 8 5 9 I.O II «5 12 !9 7 14 21 28 16 2 0 l8 2 2 23 24 31 25 2 26 30 NEWSOFAWEEK TERSELYOUTLIHED A SUMMARY OF THE MOST IM PORTANT EVENTS AT HOME AN ABROAD. TOLD IN CONDENSED FORM Complete Review of Happenings of Greatest Interest from All Parts of the Globe—The Latest Foreign Information. THE 'FRISCO DISASTER. "Congress never intended that its appropriation of $2,500,000 should be expended by the city of San Francis co," said Acting Secretary of War Oli ver. The money, according to the res olution of congress, he said, was to be expended by the war department to re imburse that, department for the ra tions, tents, blankets, etc., belonging to the army which were rushed to San Francisco, and also to purchase other relief stores. An investigation demonstrated that the fear that San Francisco will suf fer a period of hard times as an after math of the disastrous fire is unfound ed. Careful estimate maae by authori ties competent to speak, show that within tne next year there will be over $200,000,000 available for the re habilitation of San Francisco. Secretary Shaw has recommended to congress an immediate appropriation of $61,500, to replace land records destroyed at San Francisco. The total amount of money raised by the American Red Cross up to date for the relief of San Francisco suffer ers is $1,738,000. New York financiers agree to form a syndicate and advance $100,000,000 for the rebuilding of San Francisco. Chicago police gathered $43,969.63 lor the San Francisco sufferers by a house-to-house canvass. CONGRESSIONAL NEWS. Free distribution of flower and gar den seeds was provided for by a house appropriation after a hot fight, the members fearing the effect on the next election if their gifts to their constituents are cut off. Agitation for an appropriation to pay the traveling expenses of the president when he goes about the country has been begun by some members of congress. Senator Tillman, in a speech in the senate, attacked the records of seven federal judges and said these cases are ample reason for curbing the pow er of all inferior courts to interfere with the orders of the interstate com merce commission. The solution of the rate bill problem in the senate is found in a court re view amendment by Senator Allison which united the Republicans in sup port of the measure and is expected to hasten its passage. Samuel Gompers, in a final appeal for the passage of the eight-hour law by congress, upholds the right of labor to vote against congressmen who op pose them. President Roosevelt declined to rec ommend that congress make a $200, 000,000 loan to rebuild San"Francisco. MISCELLANEOUS. Charges made against Assistant Sec retary Peirce by former Consul Mc »Wade at Canton, China, may result in Investigation. Angered by the action of President Roosevelt in withdrawing his escort of United States cavalry. Father Sherman &as abandoned his trip over tbe route taken by his father, Gen. W. T. Sher man, when the latter marched through Georgia to the sea, and has returned to Chattanooga. A. J. Hanna of Chicago is president of the Northern Transportation com pany, just organized to operate a line of steamers between Chicago, Kenosha and Racine. Memorial exercises in honor of Fath er Edward Sorin and Father Stephen T. Badin, pioneer priests in America and founders of the University of No tre Dame, were held in Notre Dame, Ind. Wages of 8,000 copper miners In Montana were raised by the Amalga mated, North Butte and Butte Coali tion Copper companies. Supposed leaden in the plot to pre cipitate a revolution in France were arrested. "Troops took possession of Paris in preparation for an uprising. Owing to a surplus in the revenues of Great Britain, the export duty on coal is removed and the import tax on tobacco and tea is materially reduced.. Norman E. Mack of New York and L. B. Musgrove of Alabama are foster ing the boom of Capt. Richmond P. Hobson for the presidency. The body of Walter W. Somers, missing cashier of the International bank of Hulls, 111., was found in the cellar of a residence adjoining his home. He disappeared April 14, leav ing a deficit of $2,200 in his accounts. Somers had shot himself in the tem ple. When called upon to pay for a 30 cent breakfast in a restaurant at Ot tumwa, la., an unidentified man drew a revolver and was killed after waging a running fight with the police. The bottle blowing plant of the' Ev ansville, Ind, glass works burned, with a loss of $110,000. Insurance, $100,000. The long-dreaded May day failed to bring actual revolution in-Paris but il brought scenes of extreme violence. There wa3 much fighting and many persons were wounded. Dragoons, re publican guards and cuirassiers charged disorderly crowds, cavalry charged with drawn swords and many persons were wounded on both sides. More than 1,000 arrests were made. The main force of the labor move ment as it affects the city and the country appears to have spent itself, although detached movements con tinue to agitate various trades, requir ing constant surveillance by the police and the continued presence in Paris of a considerable force of troops.. The Kentucky derby, 1% miles, was won by Sir Huon by two lengths Lady Navarre second James Reddick third. Time, 2:0? 4-5. Suit was begun at Peoria, 111., to test the provision of the Illinois reve nue law which exempts the capital stock of manufacturing corporations from taxation. R. M. Snyder, of Kansas City, ac cused of bribing St. Louis councilmen in the Central Traction franchise mat ter, was set free, the court dismissing the case because of the absence of the principal witness. The grand jury returned indictments against the brick manufacturers and dealers who are members of the Akron (O.) brick exchange, under the Valen tine anti-trust law. Five companies are involved in the charge. Five lumbermen and bankers, repre senting an aggregate wealth far in ex cess of $1,000,000, were arrested at Oshkosh, Wis., by federal authorities on the charge of conspiracy to defraud the general government by means of alleged land frauds in the state of Oregon. Father Pedro Morales, a famous Jesuit priest, was celebrating mass at the high altar of the church of Santo Domingo Murcia, Madrid, when Father Martinez, who was assisting him, drew a revolver from beneath his cassock, shot Father Morales twice in the head, instantly killing fiim. Father Martinez then shot himself in the heart. Gen. John C. Smith, commander-in chief of the Grand Army of the Repub lic, department of Illinois, has issued a general order directing veterans and their friends to observe Memorial day, May 30. John R. Walsh, the Chicago banker waived examination on charges- of making false reports and was held to the federal grand jury under a $75,000 bond, Mrs. Jane Dowie dramatically de nounced her husband in a public meet ing at Zion City tabernacle, charging him with undue attentions to Miss Ruth Hofer and other young women. Chaotic conditions were discovered in the affairs of the American Reserve Bond company when a. force of ac countants began an examination of the concern's books and papers uader the direction of the officials of the Western Trust and Savings bank, of Chicago, which is in charge as receiver for the federal government. Maj. W. T. Bowdre, a prominent cot ton factor and director of the Commer cial Appeal of Memphis, was shot and instantly killed by an unknown party while walking towards his home. W. J. Wright, a merchant from Hamilton, Oht, died suddenly on the Black Diamond express on the Lehigh Valley railroad. Capt. Albert C. Sexton, of Montgom ery, Ala., has been appointed adjutant and chief of staff of Commander-in Chief Thomas M. Owen, of the United Son of Confederate Veterans. The retirement of William Ashbridge Baldwin, president of the Cleveland Jfc Marinetta railroad, is announced. He has been in the service of the Penn sylvania company for 42 years. The Lorain Coal and Dock company, owning mines in eastern Ohio, which employ about 2,000 miners, has reached an agreement with its men and will sign the 1903 scale. The official announcement has been made that Premier Witte's resigna tion had been accepted, coupled with the statement that former Minister of the Interior Goremykin would succeed him. As the result of a powder explosion in Gallagher's camp, west of Midway, Manitoba, five Italians and one colored man were instantly killed. A dozen men were injured. President Liginger, of the Central Association, A. A. U., has called a spe cial meeting of the board of managers, to be held at Chicago Tuesday, May 15, at eight p. m. Gov. B. W. Hoch was renominated by the Kansas Republican state con vention, practically by acclamation. Judge Bethea In the federal court at Chicago granted an application for the appointment of a receiver for the American Reserve Boinu company. The Western Trust and Savings bank was named and the bonds fixed at $20,000. John Alexander Dowie, deposed lead er of the Christian Catholic Apostolic church, Is said to fee near death. In his room at Shiloh house, Zion City, he is surrounded by a few of "the faithful." At the Instance of the comptroller of the currency, National Bank Exam iner John B. Cunningham closed the Delmont National bank at Delmont, Westmoreland county, Pa. Seventeen strikers were shot and four mounted policemen injured by stones in a battle between miners and officers at Mount Carmel, Pa. Dr. Hansteen, chief lecturer in the agricultural school at Aas, Norway, declared,his belief that moss is des tined to become the great popular food for the masses, owing to its cheapness and nutritious value. I. V. Holmes, of Beloit. Wis., who superintended the construction of the Monitor during the civil war, died at the age of 75 years at the home of his daughter, Mrs. George Siebert, at Wheaton, 111. For the murder of 30 women, Mes fewi, a cobbler of Marrakosh, was sen tenced by the Moorish courts to cruci fixion. The butcher's victims were found buried under his shop and in his garden. A letter received by the American board of foreign missions says the boy cott against American goods in China has been declared off. Soicalism, commercialism, suicide, and divorce were denounced as four greatest evils menacing society by Ro man Catholic archbishops at imposing ceremonies attending the jubilee of the Ba|timorejCMd.) cathedral. P.Brosseau, custodian *of Tif- fany ft Co., of New^ork, was arrest ed charged with the theft of $5,000 from the company's pay roll of the re pair department. Max Dittrich, a leather worker, who was arrested at Dresden Saxony, re cently on the suspicion of murder, has confessed that he had killed eight persons in the course of seven years. A farewell reception and banquet was given at Bluff ton, Ind., to Dr. Walter Newcombe Fowler, ^rho sails May 10 from New York for Chrisiana, to join the Walter Wellman expedition to search for the north pole. The* electricians employed by the Northwestern and Trl-State Telephone companies at Minneapolis, have de clared a strike for higher wages. About 600 men are affected. Every building of the .dynamite fac tory, near Vinterviken, Sweden, be longing to the Nitroglycerin company, was destroyed, and four men were killed by an explosion, the cause of which is not known. .The Olympic games committee pub lished a full list of the winners. The Americans took 11 firsts, six seconds and five thirds out of 29 events, in many of which, however, the Ameri cans did not compete. The committee of the International postal convention in session at Rome has rejected the proposal for the estab lishment of a universal two-cents post age rate. Senator W. A. Clark, of Montana, is an authorized statement says he will not be a candidate for reelection to the senate. After denouncing the government crop reports, and especially the reports of the department of agriculture, the international cotton conference ad journed. Harvey M. Hutchinson, for eight years mail clerk at the Peoria, 111., post office, confessed to a shortage of $8,985. Rev*. Thomas Sherman, son of the famous Gen. William Tecumseh Sher man, and a Roman Catholic priest, set out from Ckickamauga to follow the route of his father's famous march to Atlanta. Announcement of his plan aroused bitter memories among the people of the south, and the complaints caused President Roosevelt to call the expedition to a bait. Two thousand iron molders and coremakers struck in Chicago and many of the employers granted the demand for more wages. Lake commerce is at a standstill at Chicago, no effort having been made to fill places of strikers. In a vain effort to rescue her baby from drowning, Mrs. Jennie Scbeid ner, of New York, plunged into the East river and perished. It is reported that Lyman J. Gage, former secretary of the treasury, who recently resigned a high-salaried po sition as president of a New York trust company, has not only bought land near Point Loma, Cal., but has decided to join forces with^ Mme. Katherine Tingley in the cause of theosophy. Sir Henry Elzear Tascherau, chiel justice of Canada, has tendered his resignation from the supreme court and it has been accepted by the gov ernment. At Woodbine, la., during a rain and thunder storm lightning struck a hand car ©A the Northwestern. Fred Ulmer was iustantly killed and four others were badly shocked. Israel C. Russell, head of the geolog ical department of the University of Michigan, died in Ann Arbor after three days' illness of pneumonia. Mrs. Ann Hughes, who served in the household of Queen Victoria for a number of years, died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. C. A. Cahill, in Mil waukee.^ She was 94 years of age. Samuel L. Bennett, a banker of Rob inson, 111., was attacked by Mrs. Nora Plunkett,. a domestic employed his house, who inflicted two wounds with a razor. Mrs. Plunkett accused Ben nett of misconduct toward her. Gov. Merrell, of Georgia, granted a further respite to Rev. J. G. Rawlings and his two sons to give time for a final appeal to the state prison com mission for clemency. Miss Ethel Clark, the daughter of ex-County Auditor William Clark, of Marion county, Indiana, was awarded $2,500 damages for breach of promise against C. G. Johnson, of Richmond. As a result of an investigation con ducted under the' direction of State Insurance Commissioner Charles C. Gray, the American Reserve Bond company of Kentucky has been de barred from doing business in Rhode Island. "We're overstocked with Christian missionaries, and 90 per cent of those we have are senseless," said Marayan Krishna, a Brahmin missionary to America, in speaking at All Soui-to Episcopal church, Kansas City. Henry C. Rouse, chairman of th* board of directors of the Missouri, Kansas & Tex^s railways, died at Cleveland of pneumonia. He repre sented John D. Rockefeller in the latt ter's railway interests. A strike that will paralyze lake com merce was begun when the union pi lots, firemen, water tenders and oilers went out in response to orders. The struggle/which promises to be bitter. IK eve* the question of recognition. District Attorney Jerome blocked an insurance investigation by the April grand jury at New York. Recorder Goff told the jury it had'failed in its duty in allowing Mr. Jerome to per suade it not to go into the insurance investigation, and then administered a severe reprimand to the district at torney. Former Assistant Cashier Henry G. Goll of the First National bank of Mil waukee was found guilty in the United States district court on 19 counts of making false entries in the institution's books and of misapplication of its funds. Indiana will be one of the chief bat tle-grounds of the fall campaign. Both Republicans and Democrats are plan ning for the hottest kind of a fight in the Hoosier state. Samuel B. Cully, 17 years old, a for mer member of the- Central high school iootball team, died at St. Louis from injuries received in a game play ed more than a year ago. The Bayway Refining company's plant at Elizabethport, N. J., was de stroyed with a loss of $100,000. Six oil tanks blew up. The burning oil flowed into Staten Island sound and for a time endangered shipping. IDEM OIL 8EBHTE EVILS STRONG MESSAGE SENT TO CON GRESS WIT REPORT OF COM MISSIONER GARFIELD. DECLARES POWER OF MONOPOLY MUST END Enlargement of Authority of Com merce Body to Meet Needs of Sit uation Urged Profit of Trust Through Secret Tariffs. Washington, May 5. President Roosevelt Friday transmitted to con gress'the report of James R. Garfield, commisisoner of corporations, giving the results of his investigation of the subject of transportation and freight rates in connection with the oil indus try. In his message the president ex presses the view that the report is of capital importance because of the ef fort now being made to secure such enlargement of the powers of the in terstate commerce commission as win confer-upon the commission power in some measure adequate to meet the clearly demonstrated needs of the sit uation. The facts set forth in the re port, he declares, are for the most part not disputed. That the Standard Oil company has benefited enormously up almost to the present moment by se cret rates, many of which were clear ly unlawful, the president says the.re port clearly shows, the benefit thereby secured amounting to at least three quarters of a million a year. Railroads Corrected Some Abuses. On this subject the president says: "j.This three-quarters of a million represents the profit that the Standard Oil company obtains at the expense of the railroads but, of course, the ulti mate result is that it obtains a much larger profit at the expense 6f the public. A very striking result of the investigation has been that shortly after the discovery of these secret rates by the commissioner of corpora tions the major portion of them was' promptly corrected by the railroads, so that most of them have now been done away with. This immediate correc tion, partial or complete, of the evil of the secret rates is, of course, on the one hand an acknowledgment that they were wrong and yet were per severed in until exposed and, on the other hand, a proof Of the efficiency of the work that has been done by the bureau of corporations." Urges Change in Immunity Law. The statement is added that the de partment of justice will take up the question of instituting prosecutions in at least certain cases, and the hope is expressed that congress will enact into law the bill of Senator Knox to correct the interpretation of the im munity provision rendered in Judge Humphrey's decision in the Chicago beef cases. Continuing, the president says: "But in addition to these secret rates the Standard Oil profits im mensely by open rates, which are so arranged as to give it an overwhelm ing advantage over its independent competitors. This is a characteristic example of the numerous evils which are inevitable under a system in which the big shipper and the railroad are left free to crush out all individual Initiative and all power of independ ent action because of the absence of adequate and thorough-going govern mental control. Exactly similar con ditions obtain in a large part of the west and southwest." It is not possible, he says, to put into figures the exact amount by which the Standard profits through the gross favoritism showri1 it by the railroads in connection with the open rates. "The profit, of course, comes not merely by the saving in the rate itself as compared with its compet itors, but by the higher prices it is able to charge and by the complete control of the market which it se cures, thereby getting the profit on the whole consumption." The president calls attention to that feature of the report regarding the manner in which the law is evaded by treating as state commerce what in reality is merely a part of interstate commerce. He says it is clearly shown "that this device is employed on the New York Central railroad, as well as on many other railroads, in such fashion as to amount to thwart ing the purpose of the law, although the forms of the law may be complied with." Sugar Trust Also Guilty. It is unfortunately not true, he says, that the Standard Oil company is the only corporation which has benefited and is benefiting in wholly improper fashion by an elaborate series of rate discriminations. The sugar trust, he adds, according to the results of the investigation now in progress, rarely if ever pays the lawful rate for trans portation. He declares that in the ef fort to prevent the railroads from uniting for improper purposes' "we have very unwisely prohibited them from uniting for proper purposes that is, for purposes of protecting them selves and the general public- as against the power of the great cor porations." He favors as an element of compe tition the passage of some such law as that which has already passed the house, putting alcohol used In the arts and manufactures upon the free list and of keeping the fee,to oil and coal lands of the Indian tribes or on the public domain in the government, the lands to be leased only on such terms Here is an artist's pretty description of a tinselmaker in Delhi, India: "The silken thread from a oall under the worker's feet as he squats on the ground runs over the hook and is attached to the spindle. One rapid sweep of the latter along the worker's thigh sets it going, and both the slen der, supple hands are free, one for the thread, one for the tinsel, which in a flash shoots upward to arm's length coiled like snake about the 1 DELHI TINSELMAKER. and for such periods as will enable the government to entirely control them/"' REPORT OF GARFIELD. Transportation an Important Factor in Oil* Competition. Washington, May 5.—In summariz ing his report Commissioner Garfield speaks of his personal visit to the oil fields and of the great mass of data obtained by him either personally or through agents of the bureau of cor porations. ,The preliminary study of this material, he says, showed that the most important subject was trans portation, which enters so largely into the cost of furnished product, and hence a most important factor in com petition. "The Standard claims that tne lo cation of its refineries and the use of pipe lines are natural advantages to which it is justly entitled by'reason of the energy and foresight of its man agers. While in a measure that is true, it may not be forgotten that these advantages were in part obtained by means of unfair competitive meth ods after years of industrial strife, "The development of the pipe line system by the Standard Oil company was the result of special agreements with railroad companies. Further more, those so-called natural advanj tages have been and are being greatly increased by discriminations in freight rates, both published and secret, inter state and state, which give, the Stand ard monopolistic control in the great er portion df the country, and which so limit competition as to practically prevent the. extension of the business of any independent to a point which even remotely endangers the supre macy of the Standard. Trust Control Complete. "An immediate result of this delim itation of the competitive area is shown by the prices of ordinary il luminating oil throughout the counr try. After deducting the freight rate the price of such oil is usually from two cents to five cents a gallon high er in the non-competitive than in the competitive fields. A reasonable profit. upon refined oil is about one-lialf a cent per gallon. It is clear that ex orbitant profits are obtained *n the non-competitive fields. This monopo listic control extends from the well of the producer to the doorstep of the consumer." Mr. Garfield cites the fact that the New York Central Railroad company was the only one which refused for itself and affiliated lines to give ac cess to records of state rates. At the beginning of the investigar tlori, he says, the Standard Oil comr pany denied that it has obtained in recent years or was now obtaining any rebate or other transportation dis crimination against its competitors, and yet he says that a most careful re view of the facts and the explanations leads to the conclusion that the Stand ard Oil company has habitually re ceived from the railroads, and is now receiving, secret rates and other un just and illegal discriminations. Sum Saved by Secret Rates. In 1904 these secret rates saved the Standard Oil company three-quarters of a million dollars, representing the difference between the open rates and the rates actually paid. "These dis criminations," he says, "have been, so long continued, and so secret, so in geniously applied to new conditions of trade, and so large in amount as to make it certain that they were due to concerted action by the Standard and the railroads." He says further that' the Standard Oil company is receiving unjust discriminations in the matter of open rates, the published rates from the leading Standard shipping points being relatively much lower than rates from the shipping points of its com petitors. Mr. Garfield then refers to seven instances of important discriminations in favor of the Standard Oil com pany in various parts of the country, and says that most of the secret rates and some of the open discriminations discovered by the bureau were abol ished by the railroads shortly after such discovery. After calling atten tion to the good which already has re sulted from the investigation, Mr. Gar field says that the changes, effected have put the independents upon a fair er footing and make competition pos sible in territories heretofore inacces sible. The report concludes as fol lows: Independents at Disadvantage. "Nevertheless, the widespread dis criminations in open rates still in force leave the independents at se rious disadvantage. The investigation has only incidentally touched state shipments from distributing centers, particularly in less than carloads. The few instances examined suggest the probability of discriminations on such shipments, which, taken in con nection with through traffic, may re sult, in discriminations on interstate business. "This investigation has shown very clearly one glaring defect in the inter state commerce law, viz., the method of filing and publishing tariffs. Al though a tariff or a rate has been filed with the commission in compliance with the terms of the law, none but the favored shipper may know of its existence. Tariffs may be made and rates may be combined in such a man ner as to, make it practically impos sible for the ordinary shipper to find them. As long as the state rates are not required to be made public, and shippers use such rates in combina tion with interstate rates, all manner of devices to evade the purpose of the law are possible. All state rates used in connection with interstate ship ments should be filed with the inter state commerce commission, r.nd a radical change should be made in the direction of simplifying tariffs and in methods of posting and filing them." spinning thread the sunlight and the gold tinsel together flash up the yel low silken thread, seeming to set it on fire." Old Blankets. When old blankets have holes too large to darn, patch, then cover with cheesecloth or silkalme, tack with col ored yarn, buttonhole stitch the edges with the yarn, and you will have a most satisfactory bed covering. NEWS 8 FH I N I S. Driven Insane* Duluth—Alfred Johnson, a home» steader of the Little Fork country,, went insane as a result of his long Iso lation and he has had a terrible experi ence. A neighbor happened to visit the Johnson homestead and he was sur prised to find that the house had ap parently not been inhabited for days. The door was open and the interior in disorder. The live stock were eager for food and water, having been with out either for some time. Search was made for Johnson aiad the first clue found was the bloody footprints of some man who had been wandering: barefooted through the woods and swamps. Johnson was found at last sitting on a log near Gay Parker's homestead. He was half naked. He had just set fire to Parker's barn, though the flames had not obtained much headway, and the manifestly insane man was stretching out his bare feet toward the fire, saying: that nobody could worship Jesus with wet feet- Johnson was taken care of, and is now at Grand Rapids, where his condi tion will be inquired into by the pro bate judge of Itasca county. Isolation frequently drives home steaders insane, and many who. are not actually insane are considered queer. Commerce of Great Lakes. 'Duluth'.—A good deal of the size of the traffic on the Great Lakes during the season of navigation may be gath ered from the fact that, according to statistics compiled by. government en gineers in the Lake Superior district, Duluth, a port more than 1,000 imiles' from 'salt water, stands next TO New York in respect to mean monthly freight movement. Last year the freight brought in and shipped out of St..Louis bay amounted to 22,676,145 tons, valued at $196,751,583, and this is exclusive of receipts of logs amounting to 34,285,000 feet. The average month ly value of this commerce was nearly $25,000,000, so that if there were open navigation all the year round and the monthly record were maintained the total would be about $300,000,000. These shipments and receipts repre sented an increase of 6,059,1^8 tons, or 36.46 per cent, over the total of 1904, and an increase in cash value amount ing to $39,518,374. Deer Beats Train. Hidding.—There was an exciting race between a Great Northern ore train and a deer, and a number of wagers were laid by the train crew on the- result. The deer popped out of the woods about midway between here and Swan river, took the edge of the track and trotted along ahead of the train. The engineer opened the throttle a ^trifle wider, but the deer put a little more ginger into his legs and kept ahead. Then the throttle was thrown wide open and the train shot forward with greatly increased speed. Still the deer managed'to keep ahead for about 200 yards further. Finally, just as the re sult of the race was getting in doubt, and the iron horse was sIoAvly creeping upon its forest rival, the animal turned off into the woods. It had won a race of riearly two miles. Much Money. St. Paul.—The state closed April with a cash balance of $533,936.76 in the rev enue fund, a decrease since a month ago of about $100,000, but more than $300,000 better than the condition a year ago. On March 31, ,1906, the rev enue fund totaled $636,127.32. On April 30, 1905, it was down to $176,256. From now on for several months the expenses of the state government will be larger than the income. The ex penses of the government during April were $287,000 and the income some thing like $185,000. \Vith that much income during the n^sxt three months the state ought to close the fiscal year without an overdraft. Last July the fiscal year closed with a shortage of nearly $450,000. Inheritance Tax. St. Paul.—The first eight months of the operation of the Somerville inheri tance tax has yielded $58,181.13 for the state. Eighteen estates have paid the in heritance tax since the law went into effect Sept. 12, 1905. This is a graded tax according to the size of the estate involved. Inheritances, bequests and gifts up to $10,000 are exempt. From $10,000 to $50,000 the tax is 1% cent $50,000 to $100,00, 3 per cent $100,000 or over, 5 per cent. News Notes. St Paul—Prof. Winchell says Min nesota is safe from earthquakes. St. Paul—A Minneapolis man la held up and robbed on Como avenue. Ft.^ Snelling—New regulations pro vide for athletic meets for regular soldiers. Minneapolis—Minnesota grain in spection law riot affected by Wiscon sin decision. St. Paul—A. J. Smith will retire as superintendent of schools. St. Paul—Two cases involving the constitutionality of Ramsey county's salary law were argued before the su preme court. St. Peter—Seniors of the St. Peter high school gave their class play, "Mr. Bob," in. the opera house. The presen tation drew a crowded house. Cass Lake—C. E. Leeman of Cass Lake, president of the Northern Min nesota Firemen's Tournament associa tion, and the secretary have formu^ lated plans for the twelfth annual tournament, which will be held at Cass Lake, June 20, 21, 22 and 23, Eveleth—The first brush and forest fires of the season were discernable from the heights of the Mesaba range. They appear to be along the railway lines which radiate to the mining towns. Minneapolis—Despondent because of ^11 health, Mrs. Arthur S. Tenney at tempted suicide by taking carbolic acid in her rooms at 34% Eleventh street S. Ada—Congressman Steenerson has appointed President Weld or the Moor head Normal school, Supt. Mclntyre of Crookston and Supt. Butler of Ada as an examining board to pass upon the merits of candidates for a naval cadetship at Annapolis. Duluth—Fire in some manner orig inated under the Wisconsin draw of the Northern Pacific railroad bridge between Rice's point, Duluth, and Superior. The tugs Medina and Su perior arrived before the fire had got much headway and tiuickly put it out. There is no delay to traffic over the bridge or to vessels passing through it. Jasper—The stone crusher just in stalled at the Jasper quarries by J. J, Gehler of Sioux City made its first xun. It has a capacity of two tons an hour and it handles the hardest Jasper stone with perfect case. Fully five hundred cars are now broken up ready for the crusher. I Gossip From Scandinavia, A_ Principal Events That Have Oc curred in the Old Countries Within a Week or So. Dr. Sigurd Ibsen, former Norwegian minister of state in" Stockholm, has written a magazine article on the disso lution of the Swedish-Norwegian union which is very interesting to the general reader, but which is unpleasant read ing for certain parties way up in soci ety, and which has heaped any amount of criticism upon Dr. Ibsen as a man who does not know when it is time for a gentleman to keep a secret. He tells among other things., that he once asked King Oscar whether the crown prince could sanction the bill passed by the Norwegian storting for the establish ment of a separate consular service for Norway. To this the king answered "with ail desirable frankness" as fol lows: 'The crown prince cannot af ford to pick a quarrel with Sweden. Remember that Sweden is the greater country, and that the dynasty came there before it came to Norway." On the same occasion one of the Swedish princes made the remark, that "per sonally it must be more pleasant by far to be king of only one of the two coun tries and another prince declared still more emphatically: 'One cannot intend to be both Norwegian and Swed ish without losing his character." The author continues: "When 1 last talked with the king in March, 1905. he had come to the conclusion that the disso lution of the union was a question of time, and I believe that he felt it as a benefit when ,he was relieved of the burden of being compelled to choose be tween the two." As to the future of the Scandinavian countries, Dr. Ibsen gives the following advice: "We must look squarely at the conditions as they are. An alliance with a great power, no matter which, cannot be contemplated by the Scandinavian kingdoms. A real alliance can exist only between equals. Where one party is far more powerful than the other the relation will be a more or less masked protectorate. Therefore the three kingdoms of the North are naturally thrown back upon themselves. Joint action will be of benefit to them not only in exceptional cases of cosmopolitan scope, but also in the every-day affairs of internation al life. Let us hope that we may dis cern these infinitely'simple truths that ten million people weigh more than five or two, and that great results are at tained by unity not by discord." The "Social Democrats of Sweden and Norway are drawing more and more closely together. Four leading Swedish Socialists attended the national conven tion of the Norwegian Socialists, and the latter went so far in their anti military demonstrations as to pass a resolution against the use of arms for war purposes in any shape or form. It was admitted that the Social Demo crats of Sweden deserved great credit for checking the Swedish war party last summer. DENMARK. When the fresh recruits were called to the barracks in Copenhagen they were met by a swarm of young So cialists at the entrance. The latter were members of the "Socialist young peoples association," which had elected sixty agitators, who carried a liberal supply of "Ny Tid" (New Era). While the distribution of these papers was going on the police stepped up and arrested thirteen of,the agitators, two of whom were women, and took them to the police station. Ny Tid had been printed in 50,000 copies by a Social istic publishing company in Sweden because several Copenhagen concerns had refused to print it. Steamers from Iceland report that Mount Hekla has been in eruption, ashes being scattered over a wide erea. The disturbances, however, were not serious. Ditler Voss, a manufacturer at Fredericia, has donated a magnificent brass chandelier to the cathedral at TrOndhjem, Norway. It is a copy of a chandelier which has been used in the cathedral for a great length of time. The chandelier bears the fol lowing inscription: "In memory of the coronation of King Haakon VII and Queen Maud, 1906." The gift is a very valuable one. The I. Moresco Company, of Copen hagen, celebrated the 50th anniversary' of the establishment of the firm by distributing $110,000 as gifts. The Social Democratic national con vention, by a vote of 214 to 49, resolved to support the candidates of the Radi cal Leptists in the districts where the Social Democrats put up no candidates for members of the Folketing. At the same time the convention resolved to put up candidates in 62 districts, which were named in a resolution so that there could be no mistake about it. NORWAY. Mayor Selmer of Hamrnerfest lost his life as a result of an accident which occurred while he was taking a walk in the mountains near the city. He was the oldest son of former Premier Sel mer. A nursery at Sandnas, Jaderen, has received orders for a lot of fruit trees and rose bushes to be sent to the island of Anticosti, Canada, and 20,000 evergreen trees may be sent to Buenos Ayres, South America. The snowfall was enormous in west ern Norway last winter, and one of the results will be an abundance of salmon in the rivers next summer. The coronation gift to the king and queen from the city of Trondhjem will be a combined silver coffee and tea set. The proprietors of the Aalgaard woolen mills, Stavanger, have decided to set aside $270 a year for a pension fund for the employes at the factory. Foreigners own 306 parcels of real estate in Norway the exclusive privilege of hunting and fishing on 56 tracts of land has been acquired by foreigners and 160 mineral claims are in the possession of foreigners. Of the whole number of foreigners interested, 290 are Englishmen, and 43 are Ger mans. Dr. Sigurd Ibsen's article on Scan dinavian politics, which is treated else where in thesa columns, has given out so many secrets from the imthor's po litical .life that his political future is in great peril.- The present cabinet offered him an impoitant position as ambassador to a foreign court, but he answered that he could no*- accept the offer "for the time being" Now his lack of tact has put this "time being" into the dim, distant future. Four men who were wrecked on a small island called Auvar1 had to stay there 'two weeks before they were taken away. They lived en two birds which they killed and on fish-heads which they found on the beach. Edin Holme, traveling secretary of the Norwegian Lutheran Inner Mission Society, has published a collection of hymns which he calls "The Son of Man," the life of Jesus being the cen ter of every hymn. The hymns are highly spoken of by those who ought to be good judges of such matters. A fishing and hunting vessel belong ing to Feddersen & Nissen, of Hamrner fest, was found upside down in the Arctic ocean. It is supposed that its crew of ten men perished at once. Bishop Wexelsen told King Haakon that it is customary for the king and queen to walk from the government building to the cathedral, where they are to be crowned. But the king said •he did not enjoy parades, and so the royal couple will ride through the city of Trondhjem in a carriage The queen also had something to do with this part of the program. The people of Trondhjem are so strongly in favor of altering parts of the government building into a royal residence that they may raise the nec essary funds without government aid. A snowslide struck a house at Spir vik, Ersfjord, near Tromso, in the nigjit. Five persons who were in the house saved their lives, but three chil djpen were dead when they were dug out of the snow. The Norwegians came out as num ber two at the international rifle con test at he Olympic games, and G. G. Skattebo, a Norwegian, won the world's individual championship. Active preparations are being made for the coronation of King Haakon. June 23, at the Trondjherr. cathedral. The day has been selected because twenty-two is the king's "lucky" num ber. He has resolved that there shall be no procession, though energetic ef forts have been made to remove his objection, which is of a religious char acter. The bishop of Trondhjem will ur the sacred oil on the king's un covered breast, after which Premier Michelsen, assisted by a clergyman, will set the crown on the monarcn's head. The prince and princess of Wales, Princess Victoria of Wales and a Danish prince, probably the crown prince, with the whole diplomatic corps, are expected to be present. SWEDEN. In the great event at the Olympic games was the Marathon race. Fifty two men took part in this race, and Svanberg. a Swede, was number two, running from Marathon to Athens, a distance of about twenty (English) miles, in two hours 5S minutes and 20 seconds. The winner was about seven minutes ahead of Svanberg. In an address which Premier Staaff made before 300 distinguished men at a banquet in Gothenburg he main tained that the great political issue before the Swedish people at the pres ent time is the general suffrage ques tion, and the only proper way to dis pose of this is to adopt the govern ment bill which gives every man of the age of twenty-five years the right to vote for members of the second chamber of the riksdag. He roasted, though in a refined manner, those who are trying to block the passage of the government bill. Many new buildings, espe?ially barns and granaries, are going to be put up next summer on what is known as '/South Plain," Skane. This activity in the building trade shows that the farmers of the plain have been do ing well. The weather was very warm for the season in southern Sweden during the middle of April, the temperature be ing as high as 65 degrees to 70 de grees Fahrenheit in the shade. The spring work was at its height about the middle of the month. Rain was badly needed. Replying to a question in the Riks dag with regard to the suffering of the Lapland population in the north, the minister of the interior explained that the starvation of the reindeer herds which was causing famine among the Lapps, was due more to immediate climate conditions in the districts where -the reindeer were pastured than to the effects of the Karlstad conven tion, limiting the pasture rights of these nomads. A hard frost following a partial thaw had covered the snow with a thick ice crust through which the reindeer were unable to feach the mosses they feed on. To save the rein deer herds from starvation they had been driven across the frontier into Finland and Norway long before the period fixed by treaty for these migra tions, and had been consequently driv en back, under penalty of immediate confiscation. Legally,' this proceeding on the part of the local authorities is perfectly justified, but it has called forth articles in the Swedish press, showing that the very existence of the nomadic Laplanders is threatened un less a better regulation of their pas toral conditions can be devised. As the minister said in concluding his statement, their existence is absolute ly dependent on the generosity of the three nations within whose frontiers their pasture lands lie. The program of the Olympic games at Athens for the forenoon of April 29 was given up to a remarkable aquatic display at Phalerum, where the work of the Swedish athletes in a series of events, including diving, life saving and water polo, excited the keenest admiration of the Greeks, who never before had seen such a clever dis play. All Athens, headed by King George and Queen Olga and the mem bers of the royal family wa« present. "The people's house," that is, the building of the labor unions of Malmo, gave a surplus of $1,600 fop the past year. Some of the leading boat clubs of Sweden have united .themselves into a national association. A Swedish mining company backed by a capital of $750,000, has opened iron mines at Bogen, Evenes, Norway. The company has acquired permission to explore 90 (English) square miles of territory. About 65,000 has been voted for a plant for reducing the ore. A number of Upsala students have spent nine days making geological re searches in Skane. Four hundred partridges and 200 pheasants from Austria and Germany have been set free this spring in Skane. A petition in favor of woman's suf frage has been signed by 40,000 wo men before the first of April. A peaceful sailor on board the Skane was attacked by a gang of toughs while making a short trip ashore in a Sicilian town, and he was* so badly cut with a knife that his life could barely be saved. The men who carried him to the hospital, the doctor that treated him, and the druggist that fur nished medicine charged such exorbi tant prices that the Swedish govern ment may have to attend to the mat ter. Forest fires raged in the Herrestad mountain, near Uddevalla, for about six hours in the afternoon and -when they were checked by the fire depart ment of Uddevalla they had swept over an area of 2,000 acres.