Newspaper Page Text
that "murder will out' disproved. AGENTS OF SULTAN OF TURKEY BLAMED FOR CRUEL MURDER In tbe heart of Minneapolis, busy city of the great Northwest, six ap parently inoffensive men have been cruelly put to death, and all the efforts of men bred to the unraveling of ghastly mysteries have been unavail ing, either to And the murderers or to discover a motive for the crime. The slayers have disapeared as com pletely as if, indeed, they wore the fabled invisible cloaks. Macedonian Refugees in Minneapolis Love— Revenge— At the bidding of a secret order— Because the Turkish government wanted them out of the way. These are the various theories formed by the police. And at theories they stop. Slaughtered in Hovel They Called Home. All that is positively known is that six men, marked for murder, lie in their graves in Minneapolis—all six killed by orders of some one while they slept. Bodies Not All Together. The knives, the blood-stained hatchet, the splashes of blood every- KER5TAN YOVKE ROBBERY CLEARLY NOT MOTIVE FOR CRIME Fact That Currency arid Valuables Were Found with Bodies Proves This—Inter national Politics at Bottom, Is Theory of Police Officials. the old saying bids fair to be Motives Apparently Absent. Everything sems to point to poli tics. It was not money, because the men's money and other valuables were all found intact. It was not revenge, because they knew no one in Minne apolis. It was not love, because they had no women, either as wives or sweethearts, in this country. There is but one explanation—they were put out of the way by order of some high political power on the other side of the water. This is what the police believe. What were the intri cacies abroad no one dares surmise. And dead men tell no tales. The six were found lying quite dead In a ramshackle old wooden house, No. 245 South Tenth avenue, Minneapolis. So little known were they thereabouts that the police had a hard time in find ing out the names of the six. Finally it was found that two were father and son, Nicolo and Kirle Demetri, and that the other foud were Kerstan Yovke, Krivie Metie, Nukola Jaless and Andri Jaless. where, the disorder, the signs of a struggle, told the story as plainly as words could tell it. Four of the bodies lay about the front room on the second floor tbe other two—those of the De metris—lay in a dirty, muddy base ment, where they had been dumped by the murderers. Not a thing was found on any of the men to give absolute proof of their identities. Even the landlord, H. Mag nusson, didn't know their names. All he cared about was that the men had paid four months' rent in advance when they came there a week before. The men ate, slept and lived in the little roms on the upper floor. They never drank liquor and were appar ently of the most peaceable disposition. They went out regularly every day and returned with equal promptitude in the evening. Even the people who lived below heard nothing on the night of the mur der. It was only guessed at because the men didn't appear on the second morning after the murder. Some one notified the landlord and be summoned the police. They broke in. Peter Stuyanoff knew the dead men. He was arrested as a suspect at first, but there was nothing to prove against him. In fact, he gave the police all the little they do know. He said the men never had a quarrel in their lives and never carried weapons. He said they were all men who had,come over.here to make their fortunes, and had no thought of anything else but of mak ing money and of sending for their loved ones on the other side of the world. Pathetic Sight at Morgue. It was a pitiful sight at the morgue when poor Stuyanoff went. there to identify his dead friends. The sight of the gaping wounds moved him to tears. He knelt before each body and made the sign of the* cross as he breathed a ^prayer. Then he arose to his feet and kissed each dead man on the brow. When he finally came to the body of his cousin, young Yovke, he was completely over come. Great tears rolled down his swarthy cheeks his big red handker chief was soon soaked with them. He took the head of the murdered boy in his arms and kissed the still face again and again. Then he left the room shaking with grief. "They would not hurt a fly would not hurt a fly!" he moaned over and over. Fought Hard for Life. When the house of slaughter was searched a lamp was found burning in the rear room upstair. A light bad been seen there the night before. It looked, however, as if the bodies found in the cellar had ben dead longer than the others. This only added to the mystery. Both bodies were terribly hewed and hacked. In all, the six bodies between them bore more than 100 wounds, al most any one of them sufficient to kill any able-bodied man. There were great splashes of blood all over the walls and floors, and it seemed as if the dead, aroused from their sleep, bad made a desperate fight for life, but in vain. Two big bowie knives were found in the room with the four. Two more lay in another room. A fifth, in its sheath, lay in the basement beside the De metris. Then there was the hatchet and not another clew. "Robbery!" said the police, as a first guess, but that was knocked in the KWVIE METE NUK0U) (JALE55 head when a money belt was found In plain sight, containing $502, besides many other articles of value. Finally the knives were traced by trade marks upon them. Thomas Wil son, clerk of the Kelley Hardware Company, in Duluth, identified them as having been bought at the store by a party of six foreigners a week before the murder. That these were the six murderers, one for each of the intended victims, there can now be no doubt. Plainly the dead six had been marked for vengeance. Their trail has been followed from far across the seas to the hidden fast ness of the far Northwest by men who evidently had sworn to kill. They had traced their quarry, to Albion, Minn., a tiny town, and from thence to Du luth. When tbe six came to Minne apolis they were hunted still. Had lied Far to Find Safety. Adding to the mystery, tbe vest ments of some order, religious or se cret, were found in the house. What had these to do with the strange deaths? But most remarkable of all was the plain proof that the six had fled half-way around the world to es cape their mysterious pursuers. Passports proved this without doubt. The papers-bore the earmarks of Turkey, Greece, Italy and the Balkan States. Their money, their foreign coins of gold, several checks and money orders were all found intact. They had not been pursued to be robbed. What was it, then? There .had been no drinking bout. Neither wine nor spirits, or empty bottles or glasses were found. There was no love affair, apparently, at the bottom of it. The men knew no wo men in this country. It niay have been the vendetta, who knows? But every thing to-day points to politics. And now comes the story told by the passports, that seems to poirit to polit cal murder. There were two pass ports found among the belongings of the murdered men. One was Issued to young Demetri on January 25, 1905. This was a passport from Macedonia, issued by the Turkish government. It bore the seal of the sultan. Half of the document was in French, the other half in Turkish. It described him as smooth-shaven, about 33 years of age, medium size, a native of Macedonia and a subject of Hfs Imperial Majesty the Sultan. The other passports were old and inde chiperable. Strengthens Theory of Politics. And this pointed to the politics of tbe case. The Macedonian rebellion took at once accepted this theory and went to work on it But the murderers had covered their tracks too well. This much the police believe: That the victims Were leaders of the rebellion and fled to this country and that their murderers were agents of the Turkish government. The idea is that they fled here, well knowing they would be followed, but hoping to escape into the far Northwest, where perhaps they might be safe. Tbey went West in the guise of railway laborers to es cape pursuit. But those whose appointed task was to kill were cleverer than they and were always close behind. Though the chase led half way around the world, the Turkish agents found their quarry in an obscure corner of Minneapolis and then went deliberately about the job of killing.. They bided their time. When all six were rounded up together and asleep, and when all was quiet and deserted without, they stole inside place about two years ago. The police Chicago.—There are slight indica tions that Chicago may experience an earthquake within a few years, according to Professor*J Paul Goode, pf the University of Chicago geology faculty. The presence of certain species of rock in the earth inside or near the city limits, he believes, is an indication of a condition that might result in the dismantling of a portion of the city. "There is no absolutely geological proof that Chicago may have an earthquake in the. next few years," Professor Goode declared. "One can detect slight symptoms, however. Certain formations of certain kinds of rock underneath Chicago might be taken as an indcation. An earth quake is as simple as the breaking of. a timber. "I believe that the seat of the disturbance at San Francisco was about seven miles below the surface of the earth. It was quite probable a slipping of the crust of the earth.' Generally one block of the crust slips up while the other slips down. The focus of the disturbance may be noted by tbe direction of the cracks in the Sierra Madra Mountains are in the wrecked buildings. "The Lierra Madra Mountains- are young and are growing slowly, and no doubt their growing was the cause of the earthquake." According to Rollin D. Salisbury, of the university, California has ex perienced close to 1,000 earthquakes, of which number 417 have occurred in San Francisco. "Previous to 1887, 948 earthquake shocks have been recorded in Cali fornia/' he stated. "Of these 417 have taken place in San Francisco. Since that date the earthquake rec ord of California, so far -as available, is as follows: 1888, 35 1889, 40 1890, 3d 1891, 2i I892r, 42 1893. 41 1894, 33 1805, 36 1896, 40 1898 26. "The majority of this large num ber of earthquakes were the merest tremors. Many of them would have passed unnoticed but for the exist ence at various points of seismo* and upstairs to finish the job for which they had come so far. The dead men were not caught en tirely by surprise. There are plenty of signs that tbey struggled" desperately against overwhelming odds. All the furniture was upset, showing that there was a struggle before the men who had been aroused from their "sleep to go to their death had not given in without a whimper. Every body bow wounds' enough to kill a dozen- men. Imagine it, then—tbe semi-darkness, lighted dimly by one feeble kerosene lamp at the window, the silent en trance of the murderers into the gloom the sudden awakening of some one of the doomed when his wound did not kill him at the first blow, his cries to the others, their sudden awakening, too the clash of the steel, the cries of the unarmed victims as they vainly tried to fight off the the knives, the grappling, wrestling, biting, scratching of men fighting weapons with only their hands the thrust at bead and heart the death rattle of one after another until there was none left to die. Then the dragging of two of tbe bodies to the mouth of tbe black pit that passed for a cellar, the dumping of them down into the hole, and fin* ally the flight into the murky dark* ness of the dawn. ,\^ Evidencesi- of /Conflicts It was a sight to terrify when the police broke in. The six Were stone dead, but there was plenty of evidence that every one had fought for his life till, weak from loss of blood in the un equal contest, he had fallen at the feet of his enemy to receive his coup. After satisfactory identification had been made, and the authorities had made their preliminary inquires, the bodies were buried together. A Minne apolis medical college attempted to get them for dissection, by right of a law allowing them the bodies of all paup ers without kith or kin, but when the $502 was shown the college had to give In- :^.*f': •'"."'-$•:." The police have*worked bard, but nothing turned up. They have been to Chicago and to Duluth, where there are other Macedonians, but notra single clew has come to anything. And now, "Who killed the six?" seems to bid fair to go down into his tory as one of the greatest murder mysteries of tbe century. SEES SEISMI PERIL graphs which record movements much too slight to be sensible. "Practically half of the earthquakes recorded in California have been felt in the vicinity of San Francisco. Only a few, however, were severe enough to be destructive. The most severe was April IS 1902. Others severe enough to be destructive oc curred April 21, 1892, and March 30, 1898. A careful record of earth* quakes and of earth tremors has been made at Lick Observatory and on Mount Hamilton." According to Professor Ulysses S. Grant, head of the geology depart ment of Northwestern University, there is no city in the country in whch a great earthquake could be more destructive than in' San Fran cisco, because tbe western city is built on a solid foundation of rock. "If a shock of equal severity had occurred in Chicago," said he, "it is probable few buildings would have been destroyed, because of tbe clay and gravel foundation of tbe city. It is probable -there may be smaller shocks in the Western States for a few days, and there may be consid erable danger from tidal waves, for these things are likely to come at once. "In fact, it may be that so severe a shock as the recent cne in San Fran cisco may bring on .a tidal wave that will be large enough to extinguish the flames along the water front. "I cannot say that I think there is any connection between the eruption of Vesuvius and the earthquake in California, because the two phe nomena are of different origin. The latter is bf the sort that 4s caused by sliding or slipping in the rocky crust from cooling. Besides this, the line of 'volcanic sympathy,' which causes a chain of earthquakes to oc cur at about the same time, runs from north to south." When New York Had Slaves. In Washington's time theVe were 21,324 negro slaves in New York state. C* ,t* -*?*Jz &A The night was made for love, the morning for reflection. A man never understands the other sex so little as when he is in love with one particular mem ber of it The most permanent note in literature is tbe sad note. The sense of humor and theif actors of optimism must surely change with the changing times. But that which echoes the spiritual sadness, always resident in hu man life, is forever permanent. And this no times can change. S Jhe daring spirit and tbe im agination of men will always strive to seek in words some sympathetic echo of that which clamors in the silence of their lives, O Most men get a second copy of' 2 illusions like a second set of teeth, and this second set is really the tough set, intended O for chewing the bitter cud of re flection in this world. Your very learned critics, in measuring too much, are likely to miss the spirit of literature. They are too much like me chanical experts or juries who do not get the whole of the evi dence. A woman may bully her bus band for love, to secure his pros perity, comfort and interests. A man usually bullies his wife be cause circumstances deny him the privilege of bullying those he meets outside of bis own home. The poor have more hope than the rich, for with them it is a continual exercise. The only way to lend .money or anything else is to lend it with the spirit of giving—never expecting to see it back again. Then if it comes back, it comes with all the pleasure of a pres ent. OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO ... Twenty neglected canvases dt Tur ner, worth more than a million dol lars, have been unearthed in London. These must be the pictures ordered some years ago by Mr. Porkpacker of Chicago, in his famous message: "Ship me two dozen Turners at once, with bill for same." The pictures were never sent. Evidently Mr. Porkpacker changed his mind and ordered a gross of Corots or Constables in place of the Turners. Following the lead of Leslie's, which changed its name to the American Il lustrated Magazine, and later cut off the "Illustrated," other changes are ru mored, in the magazine world. Mc Clure's is to become the "Christian Citizen's Magazine." The Bookman is to become "Dodd's Monthly." The Cosmopolitan is to become the "Tel low Book." And Ainslee's will become 'Inancslee's"—though this is denied by the management. Our Best Society. (From tbe Diary of Mortimer Cadd.) Saturday.—Arrived at Palm Beach for the week-end. as the guest of the Rhinestones, at Mirth House. Pumped the 'chauffeur on the way from the sta tion, but couldn't get a line of scandal out of him. Afterward I remembered to have seen the fellow in the office of T. T- Evidently he, too, writes, and is not giving away any material. I had better success with the valet. He tells meHjjjroung Van Stuyverbilt is a frequent caller at Mirth House, especially when Rhinestone is away, and is expected to night. I received a very cordial welcome from'Mrs. Rhinestone. She is a sweet little woman, with a baby 6mile and big innocent eyes. I am half inclined to doubt the story about her and Van Stuyverbilt. But I mustn't let my sympathy spoil a good paragraph. .Got a wire from the Colonel this afternoon telling me to keep an eye on Miss Harrington and Rhinestone. I like his impudence. One would think I was a common reporter. However, I will keep an eye on the fair Harring ton. The valet professed ignorance of .an affair, but I coralled a*maidservant In the hall, tipped her liberally and in return got a tip that there certainly is something doing between Rhinestone and Miss' Harrington. I owe her one, anyway. I suspect her of having writ ten the paragraph about me in last week's T. T., though tbe Colonel won't admit it. I like Rhinestone, he's tbe right sort, and is free with his cash. He seems to have perfect confidence in his wife but then, you never can tell. Sunday.—A very lively dinner last night, and my shirt cuffs are scribbled all over with choice bits of. scandal. I saw young Lushington: and Miss Brad ley also taking notes, so I got up early this morning, in spite of an awful headache, to send off my letter to T. T. I slipped out quietly, and when I hit the main pike, whom should I see but Lushington and the Bradley woman! Each of us had a letter In his pocket, but I beat the others' by wiring my stuff. None of the guests of Mirth House showed up this forenoon, but if you listened hard you could hear pens scratching in all the rooms. T. T. ought to be unusually racy next week. I have quite fallen in love with Mrs. Rhinestone. The fair chatelaine of Mirth House strikes me as being on the level. WIstt I could recall what I wrote about her this morning and about Rhinestone, too. Sometimes it occurs to me that to accept people's hospitality and then write slander about them isn't exactly the proper thing to do. I felt a„blt mean when I borrowed the hundred of Rhinestone this afternoon. But when you're in Society you muse do as the Society people do, I suppose, it's all part of the game. Still, I believe I'll wire tbe Colonel to cut the Rhinestone paragraph. Monday.—As I was leaving this morning I saw Mrs. Rhinestone give the chauffeur a letter to mail. I bribed tbe fellow and got a look at tbe letter. It was addressed to the editor of T. T. Shocked? I should say so. D—n her big innocent eyes and baby smile! The letter was half an inch thick. I bet she roasted all of us to a finish. Such duplicity makes me sickr The literary game is getting altogether too com mon. If I didn't need the money I'm banged if I would write another para graph for T. T. •.- Newspaper dispatches informed us that Mr. Mizner, whose entertaining love affair was recently on exhibition, had a brother who made epigrams. This shed no very great light on the other Mr. Mizner's identity. Just what brand of epigrams does he manufac ture? And where is his epigram fac tory? In former days an epigram was a kind of precious stone, comparatively rare. Now epigrams are as common as glass beads, and strings of them are offered for sale at any price they will fetch. There is really nothing cheaper or commoner than the modern "epi gram",of commerce. Tbe Literary Market. (For the interest and guidance of writers who may have wares for sale.) The Burr Mcintosh Monthly, New York, cannot accept novels of more than 50,000 words. Farm, Stock and Home, Minneapolis, Minn., could use to advantage a few pictures of chorus girls, with brief sketches of their lives. What to Eat, Chicago, would like ar ticles on amateur photography and boat-building. The North American Review is pay ing good prices for humorous verse, and is also in the market for strictly fresh hand-picked jokes. The Atlantic Monthly says: "We buy manuscripts of real merit which have not previously been printed." Frank Munsey has started another magazine. Thomas W. Lawson of Boston has finished "Frenzied Finance." This is the most important cessation since the Lord rested on the seventh day. NOW FOR OSTRICH RACES. Huge Birds in Training at a Phil adelphia Race-Track for the Purpose. In this age of queer ventures, when no bid for the dollar seems absurd, even the plan of a man to supersede race horses by training ostriches to take their places in the track may strike some as a wise one. This idea, says the Brooklyn Eagle, is actually being carried out at the Philadelphia race track, known as Barney Owen's course, the headquarters of tbe East Suffolk Park Driving club. About a dozen OBtriches have been in training at this track for several months past, and several are in thorough condi tion broken to harness and readyto race as soon as the time is deemed ripe for springing the new sport on the public. It has been no easy task to train the big birds. They are by nature a stupid, untractable lot, prone to take fright at their own shadows and ready to strike out blindly with their great feet at the mere suspicion of danger. By unlimited patience, however, the meaning of the harness has been beaten into the stupid heads of the.birds, and once the ostrich is hitched to a racing sulky it is not diffi cult to manage him. The only way it has been found pos sible to harness the ostrich is first to blindfold him. No matter how many times he has gone through the same struggle he will resist the efforts to har ness him with all his great strength and unwieldy weapons of defense. To be gin with, therefore, the attendants draw over the bird's eyes a black hood. The hood is pulled down on th,e neck, leav ing only a hole through which the beak protrudes. When this hood is on the bird instantly becomes as quiet as a lamb, although up to the moment of the darkening of his sight he will fight like an enraged tiger. When the hood is on and the ostrich stands meek and still the trainer drag*the shafts of the sulky to their place and straps the bird to tbe vehicle. Then he slips the harness over the ostrich's bill and the bird stands ready for tbe race. The hood may then be withdrawn, for these racing ostriches stand still'when the harness is fixed, they probably having grasped, even with their limited Intelligence, the idea that it is exercise time, a welcome relief from the confinement of the pen. PROFILE OF CENTRAL SECTION OF PANAMA CANAL. -5 EUMWB W KUJWS Co 7 ICMRTED W NOV PANAMA Co flMWTiON F0R(OMPLtTiOil ems. 8 Lake ij.61 mil«» Culcbr* Cut79milg 1.33 15 niirs.from Colon H&rbour, Showing what has already been done and what yet remains to be done |o complete the big dltok English Drawing Room and Evening' Court The American girl is born to many privileges, and in the light of the pres ent talk about King Edward's first court of the season and the number of American women to be presented, we feel inclined to include among the privi leges—though by so doing we may of fend vaunting republicanism—that of eligibility to make a bow before their English majesties. A writer in the Canadian Magazine, of issue 1901, re marks: "The United States mother planning eagerly for the social careerof her daughter, remembers, perhaps with relief, that all the daughters of the greatest republic are eligible-Hinder favor of their ambassador—whilst Brit ish girls are by virtue of lineage or upon marriage." Presentation a Trying Ordeal—Court Dress and Procedure Strictly. Regulated—Changes Introduced by King Edward. Among the Americans to be presented this season two young women are con spicuous: Miss Jean Reid, daughter of Ambassador Reid, and Mrs. Nicholas Longworth, daughter of President Roosevelt. At a drawing-room tbe matter of costume is not left to individual taste certain features are strictly regulated. 4 court train is obligatory, from three and a half to four yards in length, de pending from one or both shoulders, so arranged that the wearer upon retir ing from the "presence" may carry it over her left arm. A white veil must droop from the hair, and three white feathers stand up white gloves, shoes and stockings must be worn. The bou quet was once an important part of the toilet, but Queen Alexandra has de cided against flowers as taking up too much room. Court dress for a man consists of black velvet tail coat, decorated with At the entrance to the august apart ment, the second precious card is deliv ered up to an attendant, who hands it to the lord chamberlain. This func tionary in a loud voice announces tho names of debutante-and lady present ing. With heart throbbing, a film be fore the eyes, tbe awed debutante makes her curtsies and, with what grace she. is able,' retires. Formerly she had to back out of the room, a very difficult matter with that cumbering long tail, four yards in length. The article in the Canadian Magazine in* forms us that formerly an attendant equipped with a rod lifted the Ion? train and put it over tbe lady's left arm "the debutante should keep her wits about her and have her arm ready to receive the train, as unwary and un fortunate debutantes have before now literally received the trains over their beplumed heads." BALL AN© CONCERT ROOM. cut-steel buttons, black silk stockings and buckled shoes, white gloves, cocked hat with a steel buckle. A small sword is also worn. A presentation at court involves no little fatigue and is assuredly an or deal. It is by no means easy nowa days for the American—in spite of the eligibility—to get the "favor of the ambassador" and win the coveted cards of invitation. If favored, two cards are received, upon which appear the name of the lady who is to present the debutante and the name of the debutante. Now the question of gown engrosses attention, and at last the fate ful day arrives. The start for Buck ingham palace is made due early, that the experienced coachman may line up in a good place. There are several entrances to the palace the garden entrance is reserved for the royalties and their equerries by Pimlico en trance and state entrance the company is admitted one ingress is sacred to the corps diplomatique and those that hold the entree—wives and daughters of ambassadors and other distinguished foreigners connected with thelegatlons, and wives and daughters of high of ficials of the court and government. To hold entree means not only the courtesy of a special entrance but also an early presentation. At the afternoon drawing-room there would be a tedious wait before the pal ace, the grand ladies at the mercy of the cockney come to look his fill at the show and sharpen his wits a bit. "It is a wit which embraces every phrase ology from the sporting slang in which a bechecked coster acquaints his 'Ar riet with the fact that in his opinion such and such«a dowager (indicated by personal description which admits of no doubt as to identity) should be 'scratched because she carries too much weight' to the poetic panegyric which describes a blonde debutante as a •primrose floatin* in yer pot o* beer, if you loike." At last the palace gate is open, one leaves "one's cloak, delivers one card and makes progress through vari ous apartments, sometimes through a much hindering and heartrending crush wherein chaperon and debutante are separated_and it would seem never could be brought together again. But they always get together, somehow or ather, in time for the entrance to the ballroom where their majesties of to day hold court. .'•'•'•." Mme. Waddington, in her charming pictures of a diplomat's wife at the court of St. James, gives us an idea of For Edwrad's second court there ac companied the invitations particular directions as to attire, and this advice: "Ladies who pass the presence at their majesties' court are requested to be kind en'ough to remember that their trains, which are spread by the pages on entering the throne room, should be kept down until they are picked up and restored to them by the pages who will be in attendance at the exit door for that purpose." To-day, we are told, the debutante "may absolutely trust to the exquisite and ceremonious r&re which will attend her every footstep *n the way from the palace door to their majesties' presence." Queen Charlotte held evening draw ing-rooms William IV. and Adelaide preferred to hold them by day, as did Queen Victoria. King Edward and Queen Alexandra held ho drawing room during the year of mourning for Victoria, and when at last formal an nouncement was promised of a resump tion of the ceremonious function, all were, agog to see what changes would be introduced. The following were made: Change from afternoon to even ing, an evening court attendance and presentation by invitation only. In the old days the company used to faint for bite and sup. In the present rule there is supper, a superbly served affair. Queen Victoria did not care for residence at Buckingham, but Ed ward and Alexandra reside in the pal ace, and the kitchens are in practical working order, guests at an evening court sup delicately." Usually by one o'clock the general company has de parted, many to make a visit in the wee sma' hours to photographers, who will have flashlight all ready to "take" the wonderful presentation costume not a few to finish the night at parties given in honor of the presentation oc casion. Formerly grand afternoon teas. called peacock or train teas, were the custom—the fair debutantes arrayed in all their glory. Still farther back was a custom which seems to us very Eng lish indeed, driving in state in Hyde Park, a public display of costume and fact of court presentation. the wearisomeness of a drawing-room ter bells ranging from 1,300 pounds to after one has seen the show a number of times and 'it also of the ordeal it proves to young girls. She tells of one young English girl, a fragile creature being put through her paces by her mamma,' who became so fatingued waiting her turn—she did not have the entree and had to come in with the general? company—that she fainted and was carried away from the crowd, had to have her dress cut and lie down a couple of hours. It was not possible to get her so much as a drop of tea, as in Victoria's day no refrshments were given. But tbe rest revived the girl somewhat, and her Spartan mother de cided that, as the drawing-room luckily happened to be a long one and there was yet time, to have her dress re paired and the girl go through the presentation. She did, received the •iamp that she "belonged." In the early days of the reign of Queen Victoria very splendid drawing rooms were held. But as age and sor row descended, the queen was wont to retire after receiving the corps diplomatique and the entree people.' relegating her duties to Princess Alex andra. It was in 1S63 Alexandra held her first drawing-room, at the time a bride of 19. It was a great occasion, for four hours the young princess un weariedly bowed and smiled to the throngs over 2,000 women and several hundred men were present that day. All sang praises to the lovely lady representing the queen, and long re membered the picture made that May day by the princess of Wales in her gown of bridal white looped up with sprays of lilac blossoms. ELLEN THAYER. Mammoth Clock Works. Tbe works of a clock, mado for tbe French cathedral of St. Gervais d'Av ranches, weigh two tons there are fiva sets of wheels, and the hours are struck on the bell, weighing over six tons, by a clapper of 220 pounds. For tbe quarters and the carillon there are 22 other be'ls, the weigat of th-3 quar- two tons. Tnere are four faces fo this clock, which is the largest in France. Bad Recovery. Scene: Registry office. Bridegroom (to register)—The firsc timo I was married was ic achurca, the second time in a chapel, but like this way best. It's so plain and simple-^-and I should come here if ever I got marr ul again—(catches sight of his byide, :md sees he has said the wrong tur.ivT that is, my dear, if ever I ha/e V.\e— er—misfortune to get marrie 1 agitin ot course!—Punch. Census Never Taken. The population of Morocco can only be guessed. No census hasever beea ta ken. The best authorities estimate l.he inhabitants to number about 7,500,(100.