THE MAN ON
THE MOUNTAIN TOP
By SARA LINDSAY COLEMAN
(Copyright, by Joseph B. Bowles.)
The morning ho had dropped down
beside her, as she sat aloof from the
hospital inmates in her special corner.
of the portico, he was awaiting direc
tions for his day's tramp.
She had suddenly felt herself a
ghost chained to a walking cough, but
with strength still left to creep into
the sunshine and watch the passing of
this vivid, eager eyed, sun-browned
His eyes had paid irresistible tribute
to the wistful glance frpm her eyes,
and when he left, the violets that he
held in his hand as he waited, toying
with them idly, lay on the chair be
side her. Vaguely moved and feeling
that something in each had crossed
the bar of sunlight that lay on thehappening
floor between them and touched in
greeting, she had lifted the frail
woodland violets and pinned them on
Impelled by he hardly knew what
impulse, the doctor of the mountain
top hospital had lreen watching Miss
Carleton as she read a letter. For
a month he had been watching her.
Women were not much in his line—he
hated the symptoms they poured over
him and fled from them, and their lo
quacity—but the silence of this wo
man who asked' no questions but sat
day after day, her listless hands fold
ed, her listless eyes on the shining
ranges that lost themselves in the sky,
Miss Carleton laughed—a low little
The doctor looked at her dumbly.
He hadn't heard her laugh before, and
he wanted to say that he had been
feeling old that the gray hairs thick
ening in his dark thatch had depressed
bim vaguely bu: that it was all a
mistake that he was deliriously
young, bubbling with youth and buoy
ancy since—since a moment before
when she had laughed.
"Violets," the doctor said maybe
two weeks later. "Aren't they com
ing pretty often? The women here
say you get them every day. I'm
glad they're interested in your affairs
—anything is belter for them than
bending over those eternal waists they
"To wear in hsaven," Miss Carleton
flung in saucily.
"And it relieves me from talking
cough to them—I get mighty tired of
talking cough. I'd rather hear about
letters that come every day rather
T)ut Miss Carleton was gone.
"You're laughing," she complained
tc the violets, having reached the
__nr\ w. s^_
"SENDING ME BACK?"
•afety of her own room. "I never
meant to do it. I didn't care, really I
didn't, if the valley brimmed over
with men who wanted to make me less
lonely. But I couldn't resist you. I
bad to write a wee note when you
came—and then— You may put your
naughty faces together and laugh If
you like. It's just that I'm lonely," she
whispered. "It's unbearable, the lone
liness—since I no longer have my work.
June came and drifted away July
was ushered in the summer rested on
the mountain-top like a full tide that
has no ebb, and, ae day followed day,
wheeling on, more than one mountain
top dweller saw the change in Miss
"How strong shs is growing how
beautiful!" they would say as' she
passed. And it was true. Under the
influence of the letters that were laid
at her plate morning after morning,
from a man whose very name was
unknown to her, lor he signed himself
simply, "The Man in the Valley," her
nature was sweetening, seeding at its
core for larger, dearer life.
"Did you ever write letters to a
woman you idealized, Dr. Herbert?"
"In my Lochinvar days, Miss Carle
ton," the doctor s»id.
"And did something come between
you? And did it hurt so? Is that
why you left a big city practice and
came 5,000 feet up to minister to ugly
"No," said the doctor, gravely. "I
had a better reason. Isn't making
you well and sending you hack reason
enough for my be.'ng here?"
"Sending me back?" in sudden ter
ror. "But I'm not going! I ate my
heart out to go back when I came, but
When the silence grew heavy be
tween them the doctor spoke again.
"I once knew a chap who wrote letters
to a woman—a white slip of a woman
whom he didn't idealize," he said.
"He didn't know he loved her at first.
The whole sweep of his life was away
from women. But this girl was so
lonely, so pathetic somehow, that he
found himself writing these letters to
her almost before he knew it. He had
an idea, a theory—he was a great chap
lor theories—and he kept himself in
the background. He asked nothing of
the girl. He—'•"
"He blundered!" she cried. "Sup
pose the woman had never had a
lover suppose the sweep of her life
had been away from men, that she
bad been so busy that she had never
%t$ a „& VA_&& S
thought of one until she got those
"Child!" The doctor spoke sharply.
"Suppose through the whole long
wonderful summer-time she had reared
her Joy castle, at first afraid it would
vanish like the bubbles she had blown
in childhood, until she had come to
believe in the writer of those letters
with the same terrible, childlike faith
she gave to her God—"
"Child, child," the doctor implored
With a little unsteady laugh Miss
Carleton got to her feet. "How that
big moon stares," she said. "Wouldn't
you like to climb on its chin and sail
to your Heart's Desire? Haven't you
a land of Heart's Desire, doctor?"
She leaned and looked deep into the
moon-filled, sleeping valleys as she
The doctor tried to answer. He
drew back into the shadows as shedent
said good-night. He had seen a wo
man's soul, and the sight had shaken
Not many days later a fairy-tale
came to Mary Carleton in
the shape of a telegram that told her
of the death of an old great-aunt and
the arrival of a fortune, all in a breath.
he doctor came back from the
valley settlement, where he had been
visiting a patient, to hear the story
and slip away from everybody. In
the quiet of his den, with the little
fire on the hearth fighting the grow
ing dusk, he tried to realize what life
would be with the glory gone out of it.
A log broke and fell, shattering his
reverie. The lira leaped, and she
came swiftly down the room to drop
Into a chair beside him and nestle
there as if she meant to stay indefi
"It has been a discipline—waiting
for that fortune," she said cheerfully.
"Many's the time I've defied fate with
it when I've been so hungry. Cocoa
and toast for breakfast, toast and
cocoa for lunch and my great-aunt's
fortune for dinner. How the money
has changed things," in sudden gaiety.
"I'm not going to ride on the moon's
chin. It wouldn't be dignified for an
"Don't you ever mean to grow up?"
The doctor's lips twitched in a way
that would have gone straight to a
woman's heart if she had loved him.
"I'm grown up," contentedly. "I'm
"And I'm not less than 15 more,"
"Are you?" politely. "I could never
do arithmetic." The laughing shaft of
her dark eyes struck straight into the
middle of a heart that wasn't aging,
and the blood, that wasn't jaded,
although the doctor had tried so hard
to think so, pounded and leaped, hot
The doctor caught her hand in a
pi asp that hurt ber.
"I've been a brute," he cried. "I
saw that fellow leave the violets there,
and it came to mo to try the experi
ment. I believed to interest you in
anything, anybody, was to save you.
There was no other way to woo you
back to life. I saw no other way.
Child, child, I never meant to hurt
you! That first little letter—heart
broken that you'd had to let go and
come away from your work—touched
me. You know the rest. I've tried to
tell you—a hundred times. As it was
I felt that. I had struck you—had
struck a little, trusting child."
He flung out his hands in tortured
helplessness. "Say something!1 Com
fort me—if comfort is left in the
But there was silence in the room
the twilight had claimed.'
The doctor's head went down. He
had a new strange sense of utter
"Don't you understand yet? There's
no man in the valley. There never
was. I wrote those letters. I sent
those violets. To save your very
A low little laugh had shattered the
room's tense stillness and rippled over
"But," her voice, very small and
shamed and golden with content,
whispered, as she came close, close,
till the marvelous softness of her
cheek brushed his, "but—since yester
day I've known—there's one—on the
WONDERS OF LOS ANGELES
Chief Product a Tourists, and
Highly Profitable Crop I
ProTea to Be.
"The city of Los Angeles," says a
traveler, "is the eighth wondeiaof the
world. People who have taken a cen
sus aver in solemn fashion that it has
10,000 hotels, and I honestly believe it
has If you doubt the statement, go
out there and count them for yourself.
I jotted down 6,400 and grew weary of
the job. It is also entitled to rank
among the most thorougly illuminated
towns in the world. If Pennsylvania
avenue were lighted up at night as
brilliantly as Broadway is in Los An
geles, the capital's' great thorough
fare would be a thing of beauty and a
"The chief product of Los Angeles is
tourists, and a highly profitable crop
it is. They came thiB winter at the
rate of 5,000 per diem, so the need of
all these hotels is patent. Many of
the pilgrims are ladies, and they go
into ecstacies oyer the glorious cli
mate, the flowers, and orange blos
soms. The only kick "they register is
against the fleas. Now the fleas in
Los Angeles are even more numerous
than the hotels, but the lady tourists
are not aware of that when they first
arrive—they find it out pretty shortly
afterward, though, and the terri|c ef
forts they make to expel the intruders,
and at the same time conceal from^ oth
ers the recognition of their presence,
is something comical." -j
Wish dat lazy weather would come loafln*
I's tired o' dishere gittin' up an' hurryin'
A-climbin' through the snow-drift' an' a
dodgin' of de storm,
An' workin' something desp'rate foh de
sake o' keepin' warm.
Dey used to tell me all about dat busy
But he nebber had to hustle In de winter
time, like me.
I'd think dat was fortunate, I wouldn't
kick at all,
If I only had to buzz around Cum spring*
time till de fall.
How full of meaning the words
"Red Cross." They bespeak human
itarianism, those wearing the badge
are given right of way wherever emer
gency calls for quick relief, ready re
sponse of medical skill and nurse's
aid. We hear the San Franciscans
were somewhat irritated that Presi-
Roosevelt should haVe doubted
the .people of their stricken city would
be equal to organization and conduct
of relief work., for a moment felt un
ready to bid welcome to the Red Cross
official sent out to take charge of con-
Miss Clara Barton, the organizer of
tht first American Red Cross society,
is now well up in years, and some
time ago it was thought best that a
younger person assume the responsi
bilities of president. Through a long
series of campaigns—beginning with
the forest fires in Michigan and end-
The American National
Red Cross Association
Help When Warring Elements Bring Suffering as Well as in Time*
That Nations War—Practical Business Methods.
tributions but the president imme-, war, navy, treasury and justice. The
diately gave assurance that turning
over authority.to the Red Cross as-
sociatlon was merely intended to fill jw the chairman of the central com
a gap, an emergency measure, the or- I xiittee. A disbursing officer of the war
ganization brought to the fore thai department now audits the accounts."
people might feel their gifts were to
be disbursed by experienced hands, by
business-like methods. This assur
ance, and the attitude of Dr. Devine,
the Red Cross representative, at once
puts matters oa an amiable footing,
city and. Red Cross are to act in har
DR. DEVINE, RED CROSS KKPRK SENTATIVE IN SAN FRANCISCO.
tag with the Galveston disaster—Miss be uncared for. M. Dunant was so
Barton had directed the activities of impressed with the dreadful spectacle
the society in a work of much benefi- he determined to take some' step to
cence "large sums of money, contrib- waken the nations to the need of br
uted by the public, were usefully ex-'ganized volunteer aid. He traveled
pended human suffering was allevi-[ fijOm court to ccurt in Europe and as
ated in many widely separated fields
poor in funds and members, its affairs
had been somewhat loosely conducted.
By an act of congress passed a year
ago (1904), the American National
Red Cross was newly organized. It
is now incorporated under the laws
of the District of Columbia and is
brought directly under government
supervision. Among other members
of the board of incorporators, the
charter provides that five are to be
chosen from the departments of state,
war, navy, tresury and -justice. The
Hon. William H. Taft, secretary b_
Red Cross, and Surgeon General Wil
liam K. van Reypen, U. S. N., retired,
It was a Swiss gentleman, Henri
£*unant, who founded the great Red
Cross work. A man of wealth, he
was traveling with his servant in
northern Italy at the time of the
dreadful battle of Solferino (June 24,
1859), when 300,000 men faced each
other in deadly array, when France
bought her victory at the cost of
17,000 men, the killed and wounded
Austrians numbered 20,000 The
morning after the "glorious victory"
the sun rose on a sight of indescrib
able horrors, ambulances and doctors
so few little could be done to relieve
the suffering, dead and wounded must
and thousands of people were helped'was held in Geneva in 1863, the fol
to get on their feet after they had.lowing year the convention was rati
been stricken down by catastrophes fled by the high signatory powers
of nature or the operations of war.", provision made for reforms in the
While by no means minimizing the treatment of the injured in battle for
beneficence of the work'done, criti- the protection of hospital work' all
cism began to be heard of a lack of hospitals to be indicated by a ce'rtain
business methods in the Red Cross flag, a red cross on a white ground
work, chief among the criticisms the shortly after the institution of the
declaration of the society's failure to Red Cross its beneficence was called
make and publish properly audited into play. In the war of 1866 nearly
It was at this me the suggestion the miseries of war^ this or
1 W I I
that Miss Barton resign the post she relief of the suffering. Muskets
had so long honored and her place be
S 8 0 at
ized the society. From now on the
public were made aware of serious •»•«_-»
increase of friction-details need not.
be entered into suffice it to say a E
American National Red Cross asso
An editorial in the Outlook, calling
attention to the first annual meeting
of the reorganized society, makes this
comment of the need there had been
for reorganization: "The American
Red Cross was organized in 1882. For
more than 20 years it has led an ac
tive existence. How far short it has
come of the objects for which it was
organized was seen, more'than"
before, in 1904, comparing it with oth
er branches of the International Red
Cross. Leaving out of calculation
doctors, nurses, hospitals and mate
rials, in the item of funds alone \the
Italian society reported in that year
over $800,000, the German society over
$900,000, the Austrians over $1,700,000,
the French over $1,800,000, and the
Japanese over $4,000,000. Ours report
ed $1,702! As the Japanese society
was largest in, material resources, so
It was also largest in membership—
over 800,000 adherents our member
ship was 123! Despite its useful work
the American Red Cross was not only
public rejoiced when discord ceased, a 2^2?!™*?'J* ZlSSk
bill was passed Incorporating the I a
about $4,998,000 of silk goods to the
result of Jiis efforts a conference
disburse-814,000 wounded Austrians were cared
ments. During the Spanish war a for by the Prussian society of the Red
number of business men in New York, Cross, and in the Franco^Prussiah
wishing to cooperate with the Red war the Red Cross had 25,000 S
Cross work, offered to give the -so-1 towns between Dusseldorf ^nd Badei
ciety all the moneys collected if Miss alone. It was while helping on the
Barton would allow^them to send a battlefield in the last named war that
representative to Cuba to supervise Miss Barton, one of the
expenditures and audit accounts. four civil war, realizedfthtneed to?
Their proposition was declined, and, organizing a Red Cross loctety
the business men decided-to"organize America, and on her return home she
what became known as the New York'laid the matter before President Gar
Red C^ss Auxiliary, the organization field, himself a soldier and S a
controlling Its own expenditures and conditions in time of war. WUt
at the end publishing a detailed ac- undue delay the American Red
count thereof. Cross society was organized. "Even
ganization has for its prime object
taken _by ap ractical business^ man, the warring elements, fire, water
Miss Barton appeared to think favor-
cannon may be siient for awhile,
a a a
nse suffering at any
5 With this in view there has
later defeided not to retire, obtained a added to the original what is
charter from congress and reorgan-
the American amendment."
United States, while Japan sent $5,
593,000 worth. Japanese etfpoijts of
silk goods have tripled within ten
years, increasing from $7,470,000 in
1895 to $22,410,000 in 1904.-'05, and
the ascending movement continues.
Der Season Vy.
Then,'Mr. Dingendiefer, the. wisest
a to a
is already in the people's, minds, eh?"
"No sir. I dink dot Iss so not. Ve
might dink he iss der visest man, but
dot vouldn'd make it so. Der vise
man iss der von vot say der real'vise
dings, vedder der peoples applause
him or not. Dot's der goot bolitician,
dhough, vot says der dings vot der
peoples alreatty dinks."
Russia In Europe has an area of
2,000,000 square miles. This is 23 times
the size of Great Britain. Siberian
Russia has an area of 5,000,000 square
Norttifleld—St Olaf won the debate
from,G»ustavus Adolphus on the ques*
tion ofreciprocity with Canada.
Crookston—The Central Minnesota
Millers/.' club held a meeting here_and
a large number of North Dakota mill
e-s were in attendance.
Minneapolis—A hot coal' 'from a
passing engine set fire to the viaduct
at Fifteenth avenue southeast and
Eighth street, shortly before midnight
St. Paul—Warrants have been sworn
out by/Chairman Franklyn H. Griggs
of the Republican city committee of St.
Paul, charging two men with illegal
Minneapolis—Two horses belonging
to J. Ermanski were burned to death in
a brisk fire that destroyed Ermanskl's
barn in the rear of 724 Washington
St. Paul—The Olivet M. B. church
on Juno street, between Victoria and
View streets, burned to the ground
entailing a loss of $1,000, covered by
insurance. The fire is thought to be
work of fire bugs and the police are
Minneapolis—John Hreebuy is near
death at the Swedish' hospital, and
John Nooko is locked up at the South
Side station charged with assaulting
him with an ax during a general fight
on the flats under the Washington
Minneapolis—Within four hours of
the time he left home, declaring that
he would make.way with himself, the
dead .body of John Simm was found
hanging to a tree in an alley near
Seventeenth avenue south and Thir
Minneapolis—John Johannsen, 2900
Washington avenue N., and James
Nelson/ 206 Central avenue, were over
come by gas in the Crocker fiotel, 246
Thirdavenue S., and were taken to the
city hospital, where they were restored
to consciousness. "/'••.
St.^aul-^The S^tate board of control
opened bids for two new buildings at
the school for the feeble-minded at
Faribault. Five Faribault contractors
put/in bids for each of the buildings,
the aggregate cost of the two buildings
being nearly $30,000.
Rtishford—Work on the new Luth
eran church has already begun. The
structure wiir be located on the cor
ner opposite the new high school
building, and will be built of Rushford
lime stone.. When completed it will
have cost over $20,000.
Austin—The big tabernacle meeting'
conducted by Evangelist W. A. Sunday
here during the past- five weeks have
closed. The tabernacle holds over 3,-*
000 and it has been crowded nightly.
Over 800 have1 gone forward to indi
cate their purpose to lead abetter life.
appointed: Oscar Werner "at Onamia,
Mille Lacs county, vice J. EL Franklin,
resigned Andre N. Seter at Cisco,
Polk county, vice B. E. Bjelland, re
signed Herbert's. Aldrich at Wrights
town, Otter Tail county, vice Edgar
Crookston—The candidacy of Sena
tor A. D. Stephens of this city for the
nomination for governor of Minnesota
at the Republican, convention to be
held at Duluth on June 13, was enthu
siastically indorsed Saturday evening
by his townsmen in the organization
of the "Andy Stephens club."
Tower—Executive Agent S. F. Ful
lerton of the state fish and game com
mission, and his crew of twelve men
now jwe in camp at pike River Falls,,
and all preparations have been made
for gathering pike eggs, They are
camped below the falls of Pike river
which flows into lake Vermillion, and
are about six miles from Tower!
Clontarf—While burning grass on
her lawn, the clothing of Mrs. "Mar
garet O'Brien, an old resident of this
place, caught fire. The aged woman
lost her presence of mind and ran for
several blocks, blowing the flames so
-that soon she was a human torch. She
was frightfully burned about the head
and breast and lived only a short time
after the flames were extinguished.
Wayzata—The state game wardens
are having a busy time with poachers
who are spearing bass around Lake
Minnetonka. Yesterday Deputy War
dens J. W. Peterson and J. W. Center
ville reported that they had arrested
K. Gregg of Minneapolis, Henry
Jergensen of Spring Park and Charles
Verrell of Minneapolis near Carrman's
bay. Each of them paid a fine of $10
Eveieth—Attempts to pass a $50 note
of the Confederate States of America
on the Miners' National bank have
been made. The same bill was pre
sented three times by different per
sons to Leo Shapiro, cashier of the
bahk.t It was what is known as a
"Jefferson Davis note" dated at Rich
mond, 1864, and was faded so that the
amount could not be readily discerned.
Minneapolis—The system of having
train auditors take care of transpor
tation, thus leaving conductors to look
after the operation of trains alone,
which was recently inaugurated by the
Great Northern, has proved satisfac
tory. There are twenty-five auditors
in service at present, and the number
Will be increased to about seventy- as
soon as the right kind of men are
Duluth—Rev. R. Brockmeyer of St.
Clement's church was robbed of a
small hand-satchel containing $107.50
while he was making out a draft In
the City National bank. There is no
chie to the thief. The minister set the
satchel containing the money, which
was all In silver, on a small settee
within reach of his hand while he
went to the exchange window to make
out a draft. When he turned to pick
It up again it had disappeared.
Minneapolis—Special policeman Is a
title not.liked by the women of the
Minneapolis Improvement league, who
have applied tothe mayor for appoint
ment as special* sanitary inspectors.
Minneapolis—Representatives of all
the Twin City lodges of the Sons of
Norway met and decided to celebrate
the annual festival of St. Hans at
Como Park on the regular festival day,
Belle Plalne—The business men of
this place tonight met in the city hall
and organized a commercial club, the
object-of which will be to further any
thing which is of Interest to the people'
of Belle Plaine.
Minneapolis—The state dairy and
food commission will open a branch
office in Minneapolis on May 1. The
office will be opened in the court
house. One of the clerks in the de
partment will be transferred ove* "Jhere
and the inspectors who have altnne
apolis for their territory will have their
headquarters there. Assistant Com
missioner Milton Trenham will also
spend part of his time in Minneapo
St. Paul—Charles B. Shlvely, su
preme chancellor of the Knights of Py
thias, has named Arthur J. Stebbart
major general of the uniform rank
disbursing officer for the Pythian re
lief fund' at San Francisco.
Our Pattern Department
Pattern No. 5558.—This pretty little
frock was made of white cashmere
trimmed with all-over lace and inser
tion. The waist is laid in fine tucks and
is made over a fitted lining. A prettily
shaped bertha outlines the round yoke,
and the full straight skirt is gathered
and attached to the waist. Nun's veil
ing, China silk, challis and linen are
all adaptable. The medium size re
quires three and three-eighths yards of
36'-mch material. Sizes for 8, 9, 10 and
This pattern will be sent to you on
receipt of 10 cen ts. Address all orders
to the Pattern Department of this paper.
Be sure to give size and. number of pat
tern wanted. For convenience, write
your order on the followiug coiipon:
Pattern No. 5583.—An unusually pret
ty and simple waist for a young girl is
here shown in a development of white
nun's veiling. A fitted body lining is
supplied, and extra fullness is given in
front by three deep tucks on each side a
center box-pleat. The sleeves are fin
ished by close-fitting cuffs and a high
standing collar completes the neck.
Serge, cashmere, mohair, flannel, pongee
and the washable fabrics are all adapt
able to the mode. The medium size re
quires two and one-quarter yards of 36
inch material. Sizes for 15, 16 and 17
This pattern will be sent to you on
receipt of 10 cents. Address all orders
to the Pattern Department of this paper.
Be sure to give size and number of pat
tern wanted. For convenience, write
your order on the following coupon:
Happy? I Should Smile.
The student of sociology handed the
tramp a cigar. He wanted to learn
about how such people view life
"Are you happy?" he asked.
The tramp shifted into a sunny
spot. "I should smile," he answered,
blowing a cloud "too ^ate to shovel
snow, too early to trim lawns, nobody
putting in- coal, and once in awhile a
sucker studying social conditions."—
Mouse In His Cup.
A man who is alone very much al
ways appreciates a pet as a compan
ion more than one .who has company.
The check-man at the Union station
has a mouse which has become quite
friendly with him. The other night
when he reached for his cup, in which
to pour his coffee, he found his friend,
the mouse, in it taking a little' nap/
The mouse and he are still friends.—
Ohio State Journal.
Paper Material Needed.
The men at the head of the paper
industry of this country say that the
future of a sufficient supply of paper
depends on the use of some annual
plant which has hitherto been wasted.
The cotton stalk is the latest substi
tute for wood pulp, and samples of
paper made from this source test out
fully as good as the paper now in
Elsie—Papa has all the front room
chairs but one on the porch. What
shall we do?
Chauncey—Sit in the front room.-*
Chicago Daily News.
HOW TO DESTROY GOPHERS
Methods Recommended by the Agri
cultural Department at
Nearly every district west of the
Mississippi river is more or less In
fested with the
pocket gopher, so
to crops. Go
phers may be de
stroyed by poi
son, by traps,
and by the usemany
of carbon bisul
is the most ef
fective means, as
it may be done
at the lowest
cost. As recom
mended by the
United States de-
partment of agriculture. Dissolve
one ounce of strychnine sulphate
in one pint of boiling water,
add a pint of thick sugar syrup
and stir. Preserve in a close vessel.
This quantity is sufficient to poison
one-haif bushel of shelled corn or
other grain. Steep the corn in hothorses,
water and allow it to soak over night.
Then drain and allow it Ho soak for
several hours in the poison syrup.
Corn may be riibDed in meal to remove
the excess of moisture.
This poisoned corn may be" intro
duced into the runways hy the use' of
a dippje and a spoon. This dipple,
shown in the sketch, may be made
from a spade handle with a metal
point and a strong bar upon which
to place the foot in forcing if into the
ground. The bar should be
inches from the point. A hole ic'made,
a spoonful of poisoned corn dropped
into it and the hole left open. The
corn, of course, must be put in or near
the main runways.
Trapping is a good method if fol
lowed persistently. It is adapted to
DOCKET GOPHER AND ITS BORROW.
small fields, where only a few gophers
are present. A small steel trap may
be employed, but there are'a "number
of special gopher traps on the mar
ket. These traps must be set in the
main gopher tunnel.
Carbon bisulphide has been used
extensively for khiing gophers. If the
burrows are large in dry soil, however,
the gas evaporates so rapidly that
much of the liquid is required to kill
the animals and the methods is expen
sive. If the burrows are small in
moist soil, an ounce of the liquid to
each burrow is sufficient. Pour the
carbon bisulphide over a buncu of cot
ton rags or other waste material and
push this quickly into-the burrow and
close the opening. All the farmers in
a community, says the Orange Judd
Farmer, must cooperate in order, to
exterminate the pocket gopher. Un
less they are eradicated from the
neighborhood they will soon come in
and restock the territory.
A FERTILIZER TEST.
Way a Farmer May Experiment and
Ascertain the Elements Need
ed in Soil.
The writer was recently talking with
Prof. C. G. Hopkins of the University
of Illinois on the use of phosphorous
on the clover being grown at the uni
versity farm. The professor gave the
following figures on the test on sev
eral experimental plots last year. Ten
plots were used, two of which were
check plots and received no treatment.
The yield of dried clover hay in tons
on the ten plots was as follows:
No treatment, 1.26..
No treatment, 1.15.
Legumes, lime, 1.32.
By comparing the above It will be'
seen that this, land did not lack nitro
gen, as the plowing under of the le
gumes did not incrase the yield. The
limed plot gave a slightly increased
yield. The next fi\e plots yielded as
Legumes, lime, phosphorus, 2.91.
Legumes, phosphorus, 2.91.
This seemed to indicate that the
lime was not needed, and without
doubt this was the case.
Legumes, lime, phosphorus, potas
Lime, phosphorus, potassium, 3.19.
Lime, phosphorus, potassium, 3.41.
The above fnree plots also indicated,
that nitrogen was,not needed, as the
plots yielded about the some with and
without the legumes. The story that
this set of experiments tells is that
the land needs phosphorus and potas
sium, but does not need nitrogen or
What is to hinder our farmers from
carrying on experiments like this on
their farms and finding out just what
elements are needed in their soils?
That Motherly Hen.
What looks nicer than a motherly
old hen brooding her little ones, with
five or six half way out, and half way
under her wings, a row of sleepy heads
sticking out, and two or three up on
her back, ending with a fringe of
drowsy little fellows backed up against
their patient caretaker? If that is not
a picture of homely comfort, what is?
R^ILS AND- WIR^ fENCINCfr
Old Style Fencing Giving Way Slowly
Surely to the More Mod
Much of the old rail fence is stilt
in use in many sections. Though not
so neat and attractive as the wire or
board fence, it has some points of ad
vantage over other kinds. The rail
fence can be easily opened to pass
through from field to field with binder
or other machinery. Also rails make
handy cross fences or hog lot fences,
being easily taken down and put up
again, so as to change size of, or
subdivide lots or fields. About the
first rails made were split out of
white oak and many of these, after
40 or 50 years' use, are yet sound. The
same may be said of chestnut rails,
but those made of black oak are not
so lasting. Stock, especially horses,
are seldom hurt by rail fences, yet
are ruined or blemished for life
by barbed wire cuts.
The barbed or woven wire fence is
a necessity in places where little other
material is to be had, and eventually,
when the wooden lances have all rot
ted down, we must use the wire, which
is neat, looks well, takes up little room
and fewer posts 'than the rail fence. It
will stand up longer and better against
wind and provesy an effective barrier
to passage of farm stock or some wild
As fast as needed supplant rails with
woven wire about 37 inches high of
nine strands. Two inches above it
stretch a barbed wire. This will turn
cattle, hogs and sheep, but
another wire eight inches higher
makes it safer for horses or unruly
stock, says the Farm and Home. Posts
should be placed about eight feet apart
and alternate ones need only reach to
top of woven wire, and these might be
of old rails cut five feet long. Long
posts should be of heavy white oak
and six and one-half to seven feet
long, inserted two to two and one-half
feet in ground. Stretch all wires tight
ly and anchor end or corner posts well
with heavy braces. Such a fence with
two barbed wires will be about 48
inches high and cost for wife and posts
from 30 to 35 cents per rod.
How They May Be Removed by the
Use of a Home-Made Device and
The best way to remove locust
stumps without digging is to use a
stump-puller and pull them out. If
they are not large, one can rig up a
home-made lever puller or twister.
The accompanying cut shows a home
made device which will answer the
purpose if the stumps are not too
large. The upright, explains the Ohio
Farmer, should be of good material,
eight feet long, seven inches thick at
the butt and tapering to four inches
at the top. At the butt mortise in a
piece of plank, three feet long and
seven inches wide. At 2% to three
feet from the butt bore holes through
the upright and insert heavy bolts
THE STUMP PULLER.
with hooks or eyes at one end. On the
opposite side put a thin Iron plate as
shown in'A and screw the bolts up
tight. Attach a hook as shown, of
1%-inch iron, two feet long. Whea
ready to use fasten the hook over the
top of the post, cant-hook style and
hitch team to the top of lever.
WHEAT AS POULTRY FOOD-
Reason Why I I Better Than the
Screenings, and in Long Bun
Wheat is a very good poultry food,
and it is as cheap to buy the whole
wheat as it is screenings, unless the
latter can be purchased at a very
low price. Frequently when wheat is
selling at 80 cents per bushel the
farmer must pay from 30 to 60 cents
per bushel for screenings. These
screenings contain a great deal of
weed seed, some of which, like corn
cockle, is injurious to the poultry.
The wheat screenings consist largely
of shriveled wheat, which has in it
little substance and in very many
cases the farmer will find it cheaper,
to buy good wheat for his poultry.
Wheat is especially serviceable for
small chicks, as the grains are small
and if scattered in straw/ the chicks
are compelled to do a great deal of
work to get a meal. Most of out
farmers, says the Farmers' Review,
have wheat they grow on their own
farms, that on account of having a
poor color, will sell at a low price. It
will be found better to hold and feed
such wheat than to take the trouble
of marketing it.
Boots for Cows.
The liberal use of roots as a feed
for dairy cows enables them to con
tinue productive for a longer period
than is possible with animals fed on
of the less succulent kind. They give
growth of the right kind, which is
growth without undue fatness. Where
roots are abundantly fed the milk
flow is benefited. Some object to feed
ing roots on account of the milk be
ing tainted. There is some truth in
this, but quality considered there is
probably no single article of diet that
produces, milk in larger quantities
than the field roots. Turnips and
rutabagas produce taints of fed free
ly unless with great care. They'
should be fed after each milking and
with adjuncts not high in nutriments.
—Prof. Thomas Shaw.
Time to Do Wife a Favor.
Don't get too busy to make your wife
a flower bed, or a half-dozen, if she
wants them. Remember, she has to
live with you 365 days in the year, and
she needs samething to brighten her
The supply of turkeys is not too
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