Br TBorom Prams* Oa.
NEWS Of A WEEK
8 A OF THE MOST IM
PORTANT EVENTS AT HOME
TOLD IN CONDENSED FORM
Complete Review of Happenings of
Greatest Interest from All Parts
of the Globe—The Latest Foreign
THE CUBAN SITUATION.
E Now that the disarmament of the
revolutionists and the government
volunteers is progressing steadily, the
thoughtful portions of the public of
-all nationalities are animatedly dis
cussing the possibility of Cuba's fu
ture form of government. The desire
for annexation, which has been care
fully concealed for the past four years,
is now voiced openly, and the wish
that the United States retain some
measure of actual control in Cuban af
fairs is heard more insistently than
"Vive the Republic of Cuba," cried
Gov. Taft at the conclusion of an ad
dress at the University of Havana.
This was the keynote ol his state
ment, which is taken as an official
It is certain that a sufficient force
of American troops will be maintained
in Cuba to support the provisional
government and to insure security to
life and property pending the estab
lishment of a stable government by
American troops are moving toward
Cuba. Mobilization of the force will
be at Newport News, Va., for the most
part, although a part of the first ex
peditionary force to Cuba will be
sent from New York and Tampa,
Former President Palma left the
capital so quietly that the public did
aot realize he had gone until the
news was given in the afternoon pa
According to the testimony of an
American named Harvey, formerly a
Roosevelt rough rider, who has been
with the insurgents, the amount of
actual fighting during this revolution
was really very small. Harvey says
that most of the fighting he had seen
was between gamecocks. About ten
per cent, of Guerra's men carry fight
ing cocks tied to their saddles.
President Roosevelt denounced gov
ernment ownership of public utilities
in his address at the dedication of
Pennsylvania's $13,000,000 capitol. He
also declared Wall street should not
rule the nation.
Nineteen known dead and from 30 to
40 more men entombed and doubtless
all dead, is the situation at the West
Fork mines of the Pocahontas Collier
The theater of Nancy, France, was
burned down shortly before the arriv
al of the audience for a performance.
There were no casualties. The dam
age amounts to $160,000.
The Grodno police have discovered
*a depot of illegal literature, among
which are 500 Yiddish books printed
in the United States.
Arrangements have been made for
fW. J. Bryan to speak in southern Illi
nois. He will make a whirlwind trip
through that section of the state on
Wednesday, October 16, speaking at
Vandalia, Centralia and Mount Ver
The freshmen won the annual class
rush from the sophomores of Iowa
college at Ames. The struggle was
sanctioned by the college faculty.
Only a few minor injuries resulted.
The sultan, unsolicited, has granted
concessions to the minister of justice
and other prominent politicians for
lucrative railroad and electric lighting
undertakings, supposedly for the pur
pose of altering the order of succes
sion to the throne in favor of his son.
The organization of the Hungarian
Shipping company, to take over the
emigrant service of the Cunard line,
has been completed and in that con
nection therewith there has been
founded the Hungaro-American bank,
financed by Budapest bankers.
A suit, an echo of the sensation at
tendant upon the collapse of the Inter
national Mercantile agency, a year
ago, was begun in the New York su
preme court,, by the McClare Adjust
ment company against prominent bus
iness mnn in this country and Canada.
George A. Graves and Charles H.
Traiser, both of Boston, purchased the
McKinley gelding Mack Mack from J.
R. Bowles, of Portland, Ore., for $10,
The eruptions of the volcano on the
Island of Savaii, Samoa, have been in
creasing and further destruction has
been wrought. The lava streams are
flowing from places which were
thought to be safe, and the forests are
being mowed down like wheat with a
L. M. Jones, president of the Mis
souri Valley River Improvement asso
ciation of Kansas City, is negotiating
with the St. Louis & Tennessee Riv.er
Packet company with the view of put
ting one or two boats into service be
tween St. Louis and Kansas City dur
ing October and November.
I The political prison at Petropav
lovsk was attacked by a crowd of
'workmen, bent upon delivering 61
prisoners. It took several volleys
ifrom the guards to rout the angry
crowd, which fought back with re
volvers and stones. Several guards
and workmen were wounded.
Prof. J. H. Gore, of Georgetown uni
versity, returned from Europe on the
steamer Potsdam, of the Holland
Edward. H. Ozmun, who succeeds
Charles M. Dickinson as consul gen
eral of the United States at Constantl
aople, has arrived at _hls nasi*
The number of casualties in the
great storm is slowly increasing as
messages are received from places
which have heretofore been inacces
sible. The total was brought up to
a certainty of 79, and a possibility of
102 by the reports which reached Mo
More than $1,000,000 additional
damage was done at Mobile by a
cloudburst which poured down four
inches of rain in 12 hours. Another
hurricane means total ruin for many
merchants and factories.
All demands made by the Coopers'
international union, representatives of
which have been in conference with
the Master Coopers' Employers' asso
ciation, in Indianapolis, have -been
"No matter what Mr. Hearst does,
we are going to support him," said
Charles F. Murphy, leader of Tam
A copy of the third edition of Shake
speare's "Passionate Pilgrim" of which
the only other copy extant is in the
Bodleian library, has just been sold at
private sale in London for an Ameri
can buyer at $10,000.
While off Singapore homeward
bound from Hongkong, the British bat
tleship Terrible lost her starboard pro
peller and eight feet of her tail shaft.
The department of justice has ta
ken measures to enforce the eight
hour law, and instructions have been
sent to special agents of the depart
ment in various parts of the country
to investigate the question in which
to whether there have been any viola
tions of that law on the part of con
tractors engaged in public works'.
Five passengers were killed outright
and a score were injured in a rear
end collision between a regular pas
senger train and a military special on
the Boston & Maine railroad, directly
in front of Lansingburgh depot, north
of Troy, N. Y.
The commissioner of internal reve
nue has decided that retailers and
merchants in other lines of business
than liquor selling, who offer bottles of
whisky or other spirituous liquors as
premiums for orders for their own
goods, must take out a regular govern
Mrs. Charles S. Deneen, wife of the
governor of Illinois, gave birth to a
A report on the operations of the
rural free delivery survice up to Octo
ber 1 shows the number of routes in
operation October 1, was 36,566. The
balance of appropriation available for
new service during the current year, is
Acting Postmaster General Hitch
cock has ordered the exemption of
over 1,700 assistant postmasters in
first and second class post offices from
the requirement of recording the time
of their arrival at and departure from
As a first step in the development
of the emigrant business to the south
ern part of the United States the
North German Lloyd Steamship com
pany will send the steamer Wittekind
from Bremen to Charleston on October
18, with several hundred emigrants on
Two robbers entered the Kimmon
Ginko, a Japanese bank, also known
as the Golden Gate bank, at San Fran
cisco, and, after fatally beating S.
Urakata, the manager of the bank, and
seriously injuring A. Sassaki, a clerk,
with a piece of gaspipe, escaped with
$5,000 in gold. Manager Urakata died
two hours later from his injuries.
United States Senator Beveridge
opened the Republican campaign in
Des Moines with a speech that was
heard by a large audience.
Silico, bay son of Moko and Silicon,
won the $14,000 Kentucky futurity at
Lexington from the best field of three
year-olds that have faced the starter
Patriotism of a substantial kind was
manifested at Philadelphia when the
convention of the United Irish League
of America, amidst great enthusiasm,
pledged the organization to raise $100,
000 for the cause of home rule for Ire
land within the succeeding two years.
Albert Berger and Henry Reidling
er, painters, were at work on a scaf
fold at the fourth floor of a building
at Cleveland, when the scaffold broke.
Berger was thrown to the ground, sus
taining a fractured skull, internal in
juries and a broken arm and leg. His
fall was broken very slightly by strik
ing Rosella Nieman, a four-year-old
child, who suffered serious internal
injuries and may die.
Police at Posen, Prussia, seized 10,
000 copies of an appeal couched in
fiery language to Polish parents, urg
ing them to make a demonstration
October 17 against religious instruc
tion being given in the German lan
guage in the schools.
Representative Ira W. Wood, of
Trenton, was renominated by Repub
licans of the Fourth New Jersey con
The Democrats of the Fifth New
Jersey congressional district nomi
nated James E. Martine, of Plainfield.
Samuel W. McCal, of Winchester,
was nominated for congress at the
Eighth Massachusetts Republican con
Yale had little difficulty in defeating
Wesleyan in the first football game of
the season, 21 to 0.
General and division superintend
ents of all roads in the Central Traf
fic association met at Cleveland to
solve the question of exchanging cars
at junction points and place the re
sponsibility for resultant damages.
The executive board of the Lum
ber Carriers' association met at .De
troit and declared a raise of 50 cents
per thousand in the rates for fall busi
Acting Postmaster General Hitch
cock has signed a convention for the
exchange of postal money orders be
tween this government and the Baha
Seven carloads of supplies for the:
trdops sent to Cuba by the United
States were Shipped from the Jefler
sonville, Ind.,. quartermaster's depot.
The net decrease in the pension roll
of the United States for the fiscal year
ended June 30, last, amounted to 12,
470, the largest decrease ever known
in the history of the country. These
facts are brought out in annual report
of Commissioner of Pensions Warner,
which has just been completed. In
the report the commissioner expresses
the opinion that there will be a still
more marked decrease during the
present year ,~
In a well played game of football
Harvard defeated Bowdoin on Soldiers'
The silver challenge shield donated
by Col. Sir Howard Vincent, aid de
camp to King Edward VII. of England,
will remain on this side of the Atlan
tic. The rifle shooting teams of the
Seventh regiment, N. G. Y„ won the
trophy from the Queen's Westminster
volunteers of London whom they de
feated by a margin of 60 points.
In the Volga district the fact has
been established that fearful misery
and starvation exists there. Several
millions of persons are in a state of
semi-starvation. Typhus fever is wide
Literally cooked alive in a boiler
into which steam was turned by mis
take, Boilermaker Gustave F. Friend,
of Vincennes, Ind., lived five hours
with his flesh dropping from him id
Two retirements from the presi
dent's cabinet are slated for the com
ing winter. They are th6se of At
torney General Moody and Secretary
Macy Brouse, mayor of Kokomo,
Ind., died suddenly, aged 38. It is
thought that the cause of his death
A head-on collision occurred near
Murphysboro, 111., between two pas
senger trains on the St. Louis-Cairo
line of the Illinois Central road and
11 persons were injured, none being
reported fatally hurt.
One man was killed and another in
jured in an attack on the Mobile jail
in an effort to lynch a negro youth
who assaulted a young girl.
John B. Keenan, a Pittsburg lawyer,
personal attorney to several members
of the Thaw family, has joined the al
ready large array of legal talent em
ployed for the defense of Harry
Clearings for the year at New York
were in excess of all previous records,
aggregating $103,754,100,091, as against
$91,879,318,369 last year and $29,350,
894,883 in 1896.
Inspector McLaughlin, who was sent
by the bureau of Indian affairs to in
duce a wandering band of 200 Utes
from Utah to return to their homes, is
now in Wyoming, but is having diffi
culty in locating the Indians. They
have apparently learned of his errand
and have taken up their journey to
wards South Dakota.
The natives of the eastern district
of Tutuila, Samoa, have self-imposed
a tax on every head of the family,
amounting to two dollars jeach for the
support of a school for the teaching of
English and other subjects.
Secretary Root will not make any
public statement concerning his recent
extended South American trip until
next month when he will deliver an
address in St. Louis before an organ
ization interested in commercial af
The Kharkov police have discov
ered a bomb factory in the outskirts
of the city. They took possession of
two filled and 60 unfilled bombs and
a quantity of other explosives.
The labor party of Porto Rico has
nominated and registered with the
secretary of Porto Rico candidates for
members of the municipalities and of
the house of delegates.
Albert J. Adams, who made a large
fortune as the head of the policy
gambling combine, shot himself in the
head at his apartments in the Ansonia,
in New York. Adams had been in poor
health since his release from Sing
Sing prison, where he served a term
for having conducted a policy game in
In a street car 'accident at San
Francisco Dr. Randolph Croft Stoney,
a well-known physician, was instant
ly killed and two other passengers
were seriously injured.
Reports that probably a dozen lives
were lost and that hundreds of square
miles of land were under 18 inches to
four feet of water during the hurri
cane on the Mississippi river delta,
were brought to New Orleans. The
inundated tract begins 50 to 70 miles
below New Orleans and is mostly in
habited by fishermen and oystermen.
The American Meat Paackers' As
sociation of the United States was or
ganized at Chicago by 77 representa
tives from the packing houses from
various cities in the country, 23
states being listed in the charter or
ganization. The organization is said
to be for the purpose of promoting the
best interests of the meat packers rt
the United States, furthering and en
couraging the business and fostering
the Improvements in the production
of meat and allied products.
Bishop Charles D. Williams, of the
Episcopal diocese of Michigan, in an
address to Y. M. C. A. members at
Detroit on "The Bible and the Word
of God," declared that the Bible was
not the word of God, and that the
teachings to the contrary are the
most prolific source of unbelief the
church has to contend with.
The annual convention of the Na
tional Association of Retail Druggists
was formally opened at Atlanta, Go.,
the first meeting being taken up with
addresses of welcome and responses.
More than 400 delegates were in
attendance when the Women's Auxil
iary of the Brotherhood of Railway
Trainmen convened in seventh bienni
al session at Denver.
Ninety-seven peasants were tried
at Kherson, Russia, on the charge of
having devastated the estate of M.
Krivoshein, formerly minister of rail
roads. Sixty-three were sentenced to
imprisonment, while 34 were acquited.
Henry B. Irving, -son of the late
Sir Henry Irving, made his first ap
pearance before an American audience
at the New Amsterdam theater in
H. D. Miller and Fred Stocking,
who reside at Milwaukee, were arrest
ed in connection with the alleged at
tempt to extort $20,000 from Mrs.
Richard T. Robinson, cf Itacme.
Word from Jiminez, Mexico, where
an embryo revolution was started a
few days ago, states that everything
is quiet at that place. A number of
troops have been stationed there to
assure''the maintenance of peace.
The National Association of Ama
teur Billiard Players decided to hold
the amateur billiard championship
tournament at the Liederkranz club
in New York.
Joe Walcott, of Boston, and Billy
Rhodes, of Kansas City, fought a 20
round draw on a sand island, in the
Missouri river 12„ miles below Kansas
NATIONAL SUPERVISION IS ONLY
REMEDY WITH CONGRESS
Control of the Great Common Carriers
of the Country Prevents Necessity
of Considering Radical
The government ought not to con
duct the business of the country, but
it ought to regulate it so that it shall
be conducted in the interests of the
public. To exercise a constant
ly increasing and constantly more ef
ficient supervision and control over
the great common carriers of' the
country prevents all necessity for se
riously considering such a project as
the government ownership of railroads
—a policy which would be evil in its
results from every standpoint.—Pres
Harrisburg, Pa.—President Roose
velt broke the silence of several
months to make an address at the
dedicatory exercises of the Pennsyl
vania state capitol, paying especial at
tention to the problems involved in
the centralization of wealth and of
The president talked strongly on
the subject of placing a curb on the
stupendous fortunes of the country
s» far as they are given a free field
in the business world, and declared
for national control of the concerns
that do an interstate business.
But he made it quite clear that he
believes there is no necessity or rea
son for applying the principles to the
extreme of government ownership of
railroads. This he said was most un
desirable and could only result in evil
under any circumstances. He con
tended that the restrictions imposed
by correct and conservative national
supervision of these roads and of the
large corporations would correct ob
jectional acts and practices and make
government operation uncalled for.
Duty Is with Congress.
Surrounded by an assemblage of
distinguished citizens and officers of
the Keystone state and talking to one
of the greatest audiences ever gath
ered at a state capital, the president
spoke to the people of the country of
the noteworthy things of the recent
past and of the impending problems
of the near future. The states, he
said, can do much to root out special
evils within their limits, but on the
big questions Involving the union of
states the president asserted that
only careful and wise legislation by
congress could be effective.
While he said he abhorred class
hatred and despised the narrow hatred
of men of wealth because they are
wealthy, the chief magistrate asserted
it was the duty of the people to bring
about adequate supervision and con
trol of "the business use of the swol
len fortunes of to-day." He continued:
"And also wisely to determine the
conditions upon which these fortunes
are to be transmitted and the percent
age that they shall pay to the govern
ment, whose protecting arm alone en
ables them to exist. Only the nation
can do this worH.
"To relegate it to the 'states is a
farce, and is simply another way of
saying that it shall not be done at all."
Federal Power Adequate.
The president said that under a wise
Interpretation of the interstate com
merce clause of the constitution he be
lieved the national government has the
power to deal with all wealth that in
ap.y way goes into the commerce be
tween states. Therefore, while con
gress should avoid any demagogic leg
islation, President Roosevelt had this
"But, on the other hand, it shall and
must ultimately be understood that
the United States government, on be
half of the people of the United States,
has and is to exercise the power of
supervision and control over the busi
ness use of this great wealth—in the
first place, over all of the work of the
common carriers of the nation, and, in
the next place, over the work of all
the great corporations which directly
or indirectly do any interstate busi
ness whatever—and this includes al
most all of the great corporations."
President Roosevelt referred to what
already has been accomplished in this
respect and complimented Senator
Knox, of Pennsylvania, formerly at
torney general of the United States,
for the part he "had played in prose
cuting the big cases brought by the
Praise for Keystone State.
The president opened his address
with an expression of his pleasure at
being invited to speak on an occasion
so noteworthy, referring to the part
Pennsylvania had played in the na
tion's history and complimenting its
people for their ruggedness of char
acter, their enterprise and their pa
Kansas Pioneer Dead.
Kansas City, Mo.—William Weston,
a pioneer who held many municipal of
fices here, died, aged 75 years. Mr.
Weston, who served through the civil
war in a Kansas volunteer regiment,
came of a family of soldiers.
Parasites Destroy Boll Weevil.
New Orleans.—That the boll weevil's
progress northward will be delayed by
parasites was the opinion expressed
by L. O. Howard, chief of the bureau
of entomology of the United States
department of agriculture.
Three Injured in Wreck.
Louisville, Ky.—Three persons were
injured when the' fast night express of
the Louisville & Nashville railroad,
running from Cincinnati to Louisville
and due here at 9:20 o'clock jumped
the track at Linden, ky
Castro Is Not III.
Washiugton—The Venezuelan lega
tion received a cablegram from Cara
cas stating that Gen. Castro, who had
been mentioned in published reports
as ill, is very well, and is performing
Us duties as president.
MINNESOTA STATE NEWS
Minnesota Pure Food Exhibit a Model.
Blast Furnaces for the Range.
Plenty of Money.
Minnesota a Model.
Minneapolis Information received
from the national pure food committee
of the General Federation of Women's
Clubs by the state dairy and food de
partment states that the pure food ex
hibit which was secured from the Min
nesota department has now been on
exhibition in nine states, including
New York, Missouri, Illinois, Ohio,
Colorado, Kansas, Iowa and Indiana.
The whole exhibit, which is being
sent around by the pure food commit
tee, was made up by the Minnesota
department. The exhibit consists of
all sorts of samples of adulterated
foods and is as large as the exhibit
which the department showed at the
state fair. The committee has.a num
ber of bookings for the future,
The committee in its next report to
the federation will say:
"Minnesota has a new code, which
has just gone into effect and promises
to be most effective. Judging by the
courtesy, ability and generosity shown
our pure food committee by the state
officials and by the local pure food
committee, Minnesota has set the pace
which it will be difficult for other
states to follow."
The report criticizes the food laws
and departments of almost every other
St. Paul—The revenue fund of the
state treasury is nearly a million
richer than it was a year ago—8928,
875.81, to be exact. A year ago the
statement of the state treasurer at the
close of business on Sept. 30 showed a
deficit in the revenue fund amounting
to 8873,138.70. The report made out
yesterday, showing the condition at
the close of the month of September,
shows a cash balance of $54,737.11.
The total cash balance for all the
funds in the treasury is almost a half
million better than last year. Then it
was $1,084,446.76, and this year it is
$1,518,374.13. The cash in some of the
trust funds is less than it has been at
some previous dates on account of the
large amount of money that has been
loaned out to school districts, towns,
cities and villages.
Duluth—An increase in the number
of manufacturing establishments and
the number of wage earners in Duluth
is noted in the annual report on fac
tory inspection for 1906, which Julius
E. Moersch has compiled for, the bien
nial report for the state labor bureau.
The inspection reports which include
Procterknott, West Duluth and New
Duluth, summarized for 1906, show 244
inspections, as against 236 in the pre
ceding year, and a corresponding in
crease in the wage earners' total
number from 875 to 8,802. The rela
tion of the different classes of wage
earners one to another, however, has
changed. In 1905 one woman was em
ployed to 6.6 men, while in 1906 it was
one woman to 7.3 men, denoting a re
duction in woman wage earners in
favor of men.
Duluth—Immense blast furnaces for
the reduction of ore will probably be
installed in Minnesota by the United
States Steel corporation as the result
of its having leased the vast Hill iron
properties in this state.
It has been demonstrated that the
steel company can distribute its fin
ished products in Minnesota much
more cheaply than it can ship ere via
the lakes and rail to eastern smelters,
and the North Star state has excellent
prospects of obtaing a most important
industry by virtue of this saving.
Another argument favorable to the
rumor that smelters will be established
in Minnesota is the big market for
rails and other finished products in
the west and northwest.
Hamline—Minnesota football can
didates have completed two weeks
practice and those who have watched
the men during that time are firm in
the belief that when the season's
games commence Minnesota will have
the best team in the West. For wealth
of material Dr. Williams could scarcely
be better supplied. Nearly enough
"M" men are back in the game to mike
up a full team and from the second
team of last year comes a crowd of
husky candidates that will make even
the oldest veteran on the team hurvy
to keep his position.
St. Paul—Frank Lukaszewski, 851
Jenks street, accidently shoots himself
and dies at St Joseph's hospital.
St. Paul—The cornerstone of the
Woodland Park Baptist church is laid
with appropriate ceremonies.
Hermantown—Eli Libau, a farmer,
and his twelve-year-old daughter were
seriously injured in a runaway acci
dent near their home. As they were
driving to town the tongue of the wa
gon broke, frightening the horses and
causing them to run away. The wa
gon went into the ditch, throwing out
the occupants, breaking two of the
father's ribs and the daughter's arm.
Granada—Angry citizens and farm
ers of this vicinity read the skidoo act
to an elder of the Church of David, who
invaded this region, and read it so for
cibly that the parson was only too glad
to get out of town with a whole skin.
Mazeppa—Lightning struck the
large barn on the farm, occupied by A.
Gorman and it burned. The stock was
saved but the contents of the» barn
were lost. There was no insurance.
Bemidji—Seventeen thousand men
are wanted for work in the woods this
winter by firms operating in and near
Minneapolis—Hanging to the limb
of an oak tree in the abandoned Maple
Hill cemetery, Broadway and Polk
streets northeast, with his feet dang
ling within two' feet of the ground,
the body of a man, supposed to be
Frank Ronda, was found.
Gibbon—The Citizens' State Bank of
Gibbon, capitalized at 913,000, was
given its license to begin business by
Public Examiner P. M. Kerst. Peter
Manderfeld is president and John W.
St. Paul—The Twenty-eight infan
ty left Fort Snelling to go to Ouba,
Ill MEN DEAD III I
TWO SCORE MORE MAY BE EX
GAS HALTSTHE RESCUERS
Men Who Endeavor to Enter Shaft to
Aid Their Comrades Are Laid
Low by the Noxious
Pocahontas. Va.—Eighteen known
dead and from 30 to 40 more men en
tombed and doubtless all dead, is the
situation at the West Fork mines of
the Pocahontas Collieries company,
where the explosion occurred late
The bodies of these men were re
covered from the mines as the result
of the heroic work of a band of 35
men constituting a rescue party that
worked incessantly through the hours
of the night and day. It was not until
7:30 o'clock Thursday evening that
the rescuers reached a point nearest
Paul entry, where the explosion occur
red. The work of rescue was very
slow, as the conditions confronting the
party were difficult to surmount. To
ward the middle of the evening the
hope was expressed that all the bodies
would be recovered.
The authorities anticipated the fear
ful extent of the casualties by order
ing a carload of coffins and burial sup
plies, which arc now on the way. The
order is being rushed at Bluefield for
the burial supplies, which include 60
Superintendent William Leckie, of
the mine, who entered the mine as one
of the rescuing party, had a narrow
escape from death. He was overcome
by the fumes and had to be carried
Edward Jones, the inside mine fore
man, led the first rescue party, and
when that party failed to return in a
reasonable time a second rescue party
under Superintendent Leckie followed.
John Oldham and Ed Brown were over
come by gas and died, and Leckie
barely escaped with his life.
OPPOSES FEDERAL OWNERSHIP
President Scores Class Hatred, Ran
cor, Brutality and Mob Violence.
Harrisburg, Pa.—President Roose
velt denounced government owner
ship of public utilities Thursday in his
address at the dedication of Pennsyl
vania's $13,000,000 capitol. He also
declared Wall street should, not rule
"It behooves us Americans to look
ahead and plan out the right kind ot
civilization, as that which we intend
to develop from these wonderful new
conditions of vast industrial growth,"
said Mr. Roosevelt in his address. "It
must not be, it shall not be, the civ
ilization of a mere plutocracy, a bank
ing house, Wall-street-syndicate civil
ization nor yet can there be submis
sion to class hatred, to rancor, brutal
ity and mob violence, for that would
mean the end of all civilization.
"We need to check the forces of
greed, to insure just treatment alike
to capital and labor, and of the gen
eral public, to prevent any man, rich
or poor, from doing or receiving
wrong, whether this wrong be one of
cunning or one of violence."
FIVE VICTIMS OF RAIL WRECK
Military Special Bumps Into Rear of
Lansinburgh, N. Y.—Five passen
gers were killed outright and a score
were injured in a rear-end collision
between a regular passenger train and
a military special on the Boston &
Maine railroad, directly in front of
Lansingburgh depot, north of Troy,
about five o'clock Thursday.
The dead are:
F. L. Block, Peoria, 111.
Mrs. Wallace E. Shaw, Bath, Me.
Mrs. Stevens, Boston, Mass.
Mrs. J. W. Dacey, Arlington, Mass.
Mrs. H. S. Poole, Concord, N. H.
One man's grief was pitiable. His
name was J. W. Dacey, and he ran
up and down the track crying for his
wife. In a few minutes her lifeless
form was identified. They had been
marrhJd Wednesday night at Arling
ton, Mass., and were on their honey
moon, having planned an extended
MISSOURI ATTORNEY CONVICTED
James B. Dodson, of Springfield, Found
Guilty in Land Case.
Springfield, Mo.—James B. Dodson,
an attorney of this city, was found
guilty by a jury in the federal court of
having made false affidavits in a land
entry before the United States land
Dodson's offense consisted of hav
ing made affidavit that 40 acres in
Christian county was untenanted and
subject to entry, although a man was
living on it. The-owner of the tract
had paid $2,000 for it, and Dodson, it
was proved, offered to relinquish the
claim he had upon it by reason of the
false entry for $800.
Old River Captain Dead.
Watertown, N. Capt. William N.
Visger, aged 49, owner of the passen
ger steam yacht Idler, and one of the
best known St. Lawrence river steam
boat men, died suddenly Thursday at
Alexandria Bay of heart failure.
Opens Wisconsin Campaign.
Milwaukee.—The Democratic state
campaign opened here Thursday night
when John A. Aylward.the candidate
for governor, spoke on the principles
of his party before an enthusiastic
gathering in Pabst theater.
Football Kills Another.
Toronto, Ont.—Cameron Paulin, 21
years old, died early Thursday at the
General hospital from injuries received
on university lawn Wednesday after
noon while at practice with the Toron
to university football team.
Secretary of Conference.
Cedar Rapids, la.—Rev. U. F. Swen
gel, of York, Pa., was elected secretary
of the Central conference jf the Unit
ed Evangelical church. The presentat
on of a gavel to Bishop Hartzler com*
f-leted. the first session.
NEWS FROM SCANDINAVIA
Principal Events That Have Trans
pired in the Old Countries
Within a Week or So.
The London Morning Post explained
in a lengthy editorial that the recent
visit of-King Frederik, of Denmark to
the coast of Sweden was to be taksn
as a proof that the Swedes no longer
bear and grudge against the Danes on
account of the way the latter acted
during the union crisis. But the Swed
ish press takes pains to tell that the
visit was a purely personal one, and
that the great mass of the Swedish
people took it very coolly, refusing to
show any sign of enthusiasm whatso
The Swedish Sportsmen's Club in
vited the Norwegian sportsmen to the
international games at Stockholm.
The Norwegians made private inquiries
among their trusted friends in Sweden
with regard to the course to be pur
sued, and as the Swedes answered that
they would look upon it as a lack of
politeness if the Norwegians declined
the invitation the latter promptly ac
cepted it. Meanwhile the Stockholm
Dagblad advised the Norwegians to
stay at home, and they actually stayed
at home. The Swedish sportsmen
were sincere throughout. But the Stock
holm Dagblad was afraid that certain
elements of the people of Stockholm
might act in such a way as to make
it unpleasant for the Norwegians. The
paper spoke in the interest of both
parties, but its appeal to the Nor
wegians to stay at home was unex
The Danish newspapers find fault
with the Icelanders because they hired
a Norwegian, Smith, to draw up plans
for the reconstruction of Reykjavik
harbor. The Norwegians answer that
they know more about working in rock
than the Danes do, who are building all
their harbors and roads in sand and
dirt and gravel.
Copenhagen, Oct. 1.—The Danish
rigsdag was opened today by King
Frederik in person. His first speech
from the throne was almost entirely
devoted to the internal affairs of the
kingdom. His majesty congratulated
the country on the excellence of its for
eign relations, but added: At the
same time, I feel sure that the rigs
dag will always co-operate in the work
of preserving the independence of 'he
country and people. Continuing, the
king announced that with the object cf
further strengthening foreign relations
of Denmark he proposed to visit the
sovereigns of various countries. King
Frederik also announced that steps
would be taken to meet the wishes of
Iceland regarding the reform of its
constitution. The opening of the rigs
dag was attended by King George of
Greece, the dowager empress of Rus
sia and many other members of the
royal family Mr. O'Brien, the Ameri
can minister, and the rest of the diplo
Martin Kristofersen, of Fredericia,
went out hunting all alone on his
estate, Abbeshult, via parish, in Hal
land, Sweden. He stayed away alto
gether too long and a search was made
for him. He was found dead in the
woods, and his dog sitting by his side.
He had shot a black goose. But it
appears that the bird did not die at
once, and it is supposed that Mr.
Kristofersen tried to kill the bird, .is
ing the but end of his gun. This
movement sent the contents of the sec
ond barrel of his gun through lis
A treaty has been signed between
Denmark and Russia for the mutual
protection of Danish and Russian in
The official name of the capital city
of Denmark used to be Kjobenhavn.
In all ordinary publications, how
ever, the was dropped long ago, and
the other day the municipal authori
ties solemnly resolved to keep up with
the times by changing the spelling to
Kopenhavn. But it must be added
that there should be two dots over
the o, which thus receives a sound
somewhat similar to in her.
The most loquacious member of the
first chamber of the rikdag of 1906
was Herr Sjocrona, who spoke 47
times. Bishop Billing, however, being
a close competitor, having made 45
The miserable condition of the peo
ple of Lapland is a matter of grave
concern to the Swedish government.
The Laplanders are people who do not
easily complain, and only the fact
that they are actually starving has
compelled them to ask for aid. Pasture
has become scarce so that it has been
impossible for Laplanders to preserve
their reindeer, thousands of which
have died. Unless something is done,
the Laplanders will die out, as they
will not give up their nomadic life. It
has been suggested by a Swedish
statesman to transport all Laplanders
to Greenland, and this plan is con
sidered feasible, though it may strand
on the Laplanders strong love of their
Chicken cholera was introduced in
the country around Skarup by a lot
of geese imported from Germany.
Much of the lingon berries exported
to Germany this year are transported
in unbroken carloads from the places
where they were picked to the place*
where they are to be consumed. It
costs $78 to take a carload of iingon
berries from Halmstad to Berlin.
Ystad will have a milk flour factory
ready for operation next summer. The
cost of the plant will be about $135,
Dr. Johan Bergman, the historian,
is going abroad for the purpose of
completing a scientific work.
The prison chaplains of Sweden
agree that strong drink is largely re
sponsible for the filling up of the pen
al institutions of the country, and
.many of the papers speak so hotly
against the liquor traffic that om.
might take them for prohibition or
gans. Says the Malmot Tidningen:
"No one who has witnessed the rav
ages of strong drinks among the in
mates of our prison can avoid a pro
found wish that the day may not be
too far distant when those drinks,
which evidently are similar to many
poisons that can be obtained only upon
physicians' prescriptions, will be re
legated to the drug stores. What is
gained for the state and the com
merce by the whisky tax when so much
of it goes to support the penal and
elenuosynary institutions on account
of the indulgence in liquor, not to
mention the destruction of capacity
for labor and blasting of family hap
SWEDEN. he is a Catholic contributed to his de
Many soldiers who served some feat.
time after the expiration of the regu- It is a UUle over thirteen years
lar term on account of the strained since a landslide in Verdalen caused
relations between Sweden and Norway the death of about 120 persons and Je
last summer have asked to have the stroyed many farms. Now a new land
over-time served last year deducted slide has occurred at Vutu. A part of.
from the regular term this year, out
they have met with no encouragement
whatever from the authorities.
Most of the men employed in the
grist mills of Southern Sweden have
had their pay raised from $5.67 to
56.48 a week.
speeches. Herr Pehosson, of Tornevyd, I settled on the island. A contract was
carried off the first honors with sixty finally drawn up between the two,
speeches in the second chamber. Hjal- I stipulating that Ingebrigtsen should
mor Branting, the Socialist, followed pay Lerner a certain amount of mon
him as number two, but Branting
spoke only 42 times.
Well informed people know that the
soil of Sweden yields far more per
acre than that of the United States.
But the common people did not realize
that until the versatile and, ubiquitous
P. P. JWalderstrom in a public lecture
brought out this part by striking fig
ures, and now the newspapers are dili
gently quoting that portion of his
Governor Brakenhjelm Is expected to
resign as governor at TJpsala next
Prince Gustaf Adolph (the duke of
Skane) is attracting attention as an
archeologist. Among his acquaint
ances it was well-known that he is
highly interested in archeological stud
ies, but only recently did they realize
that his researches are so thorough as
to have intrinsic value. His most
noted contribution to this science is an
illustrated essay on a burial mound
at Tinkarp, near Sofiero, which he ex
cavated and studied with great care.
He found that the mound had been
used as a burial ground for a period
of at least one thousand years. The
objects found in the mound all date
from the stone age. There were ?iu
man bones, charcoal and arrow heads,
a dagger and a ground chisel of flint.
The author found three stone slabs
which he thinks had been split from
a single rock by means of judicious
use of fire. The essay has been hand
ed to the academy of sciences, history
The killing of a boy by the auto
mobile in which the duke and duchess
of Skane were riding is said to have
been practically unavoidable. The ac
cident happened at High street, Lon
don. The name of the boy was James
Croker and he was enjoying himself
clinging to the rear end of a load of
peat. Just as the automobile was pas
sing the load the boy jumped down and
started to run for the sidewalk, rut
was struck by the mudboard and the
lantern of the automobile. The duke
and the duchess both jumped off ind
tried to do what they could for he
relief of the little fellow. He was
immediately taken to the hospital and
received surgical aid, but his life could
not be saved. The by-standers agreed
that no chauffeur could have avoided
the accident under such circumstances.
The Swedish almanac for the year
1907 has already been published at
The Yngeredfors power company
has made a contract with the munici
pality of Varberg to furnish electric
power for lighting and other purposes
for,a period of thirty years.
A syndicate has been organized for
building a sanatorium and voting .-.s
tablishment at Tyringe.
At the international insurance con
gress at Berlin it was emphasized that
the Swedes are the most desirable
risks in the whole world, because their
death rate is so small.
A national church convention is to
be held in Kristiania Oct. 29.
Seven new fishing steamers will be
acquired and operated by stock com
panies at Barum.
Dean Otto Ottesen, of Skedsmo, will
celebrate his semi-centennial jubilee
as a clergyman Oct. 18.
The boy that was so badly mutilate^
by a bear at Flaa, Hallingdal, died at
the Drammen hospital.
The British aluminum company has
bought the Stangfjord electro-chemi
cal factories at Sondfjord.
Garhard Munthe, upon the request
of the city of Venice, has gone to that
city to make arrangements for a Nor
wegian art exposition next spring.
The national government has loaned
to the commerce of Trysil about $325,
000 which is to be used as partial
payment for a vast tract of timber
Jorg Berge, a leading Socialist in
the last storting, ran for a second
term but was defeated. The fact thai
a farm slipped into the river, carry
ing two horses along. One housewife
lost her life in the ruins.
Herr Lerner. a German explorer,
took possession of Bear's island, in Ihe
Arctic ocean. This led to a quarrel
between him and Mr. Ingebrigtsen, a
Norwegian whale hunter, who had also
ey for every whale which he landed.
Now Mr. Ingebrigtsen claims to have
discovered evidence which goes to
prove that Herr Lerner is not he
owner ot the island, and he refuses
to observe his part of the contract.
This looks like a new quarrel between
A boat occupied by two boys cap
sized in a squall off Tjotto, Helge
land. Both of them succeeded in get
ting on top of the upset boat. A canoe
attached to the boat did not tip ovar,.
and one of the boys tried to pass into
the canoe, but he failed, and was
drowned before the eyes of his com
panion. The other boy clung to -he
keel of the boat for hours and was
finally picked up by a trowler. The
boy -who was saved was a twelve
In the year 1904 there were 654,448
persons in Norway who paid $6,600,
000 in taxes on an aggregate Income of
$131,450,000. If the income is equally
distributed it will make $58.86 for ev
ery man, woman and child in the
country. Of all the tax-payers, 558,
017, or 85 per cent, have an income of
less than $270, and pay no direct state
tax. Only 894 tax-payers have an in
come of $5,400 or more.
King Haakon formally opened the
new extension of the Valdres railway
No less than 29 per cent of all he
men, women, and children of Norway
A storm is gathering in the ranks
of the language reformers: Certain
consonants are pronounced differently
in the different parts of the country.
and a general war is on to determine
which pronunciation is to prevail in
the language which is in process of
formation out of the present dialects*
About 235,000 people in the southwest
ern part of the country have "soft con
sonants," and an attempt to put these
onto the other two million people is
something which the latter are revolt
ing against. As a matter of fact the
Danish, or book-languages is better un
derstood by nine-tenths of the people
than is the 'pure" Norwegian, which
is forcing its way to the front.
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