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AJL "THE PARTY, NOT FORAKER, IS THE REAL CULPRIT. Col. Henry Watterson, the Wellknown Editor, Writes in His Char- At the outset I said that the re publicans had placed "a man of straw upon a platform of impos ture." All that has happened since, all that is happening now, veiifies this description. Mr. Taft was "the man of straw"—the sha dow— the counterfeit presentment of Theodore Roosevelt. The "plat form of imposture'" embraced a declaration of principles and pur poses facing two ways the one to catch the Roosevelt sentiment in the West, the other to hold the"in terebts" of the East. Clear proof of both: the President taking the center of the stage, the candidate falling into second place the argu ment conservative on the Atlantic side of the Alleghanies, but radical, and growing mote radical as, upon the other hide, it travels toward the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific. acteristic Manner of Recent Political History. If anything were wanting to con \ince thoughtful and patriotic men of the need for a change of parties —if only for the sake of change— it would be found in the present conditions and aspects of the poli tical situation. In order fully to comprehend its meaning ani por tent, let us go back a little and consider the lines in which it was onginally laid. The President, having designated an Heir Appar ent, set out deliberately to establish the rule of Fiaud and Force. The republican politicians began bela boring one another Bogus dele gations were set up by the federal office holders. Every thought of decency and fair play, of civil ser vice reform pledges and honorable paity fellowship, was thrown to the wind, while Messrs. Knock Down and Diag Out blustered and brow beat the piimanes in every South ern state. Even at this late, however, the steam roller had to be called into leqmsition at Chicago in order to complete the slaughter and to force upon the party the will of the over loici of the White House. Finally "the man of straw," yoke-mated to a man of money and iron—one might rather say of blood money and trust pteel—made the ticket, and, a program of double dealing having been agieed upon. the republican campaign was start ed very much as a Sunday school picnic. Pastor Theodore had be foiehand selected a lovely grove with a nice cool spring and had ar ranged all the pretty details. Pioxy Frank Hitchcock, the ice cream man, was to drive the lunch wagon. Big "Bill," the superin tendent, assisted by Aunt Jemima Aldrich and Teacher Hughes—each piovided with pabteboard wings— wa& to lead the little ones thru flower-bordered paths to a rustic bovver, where a puppet show had been prepated for the amusement of the assembled childien. The piece was to be called "Little Red Rid ing Hood," "Willie" Bryan to be little Red Riding Hood. "Uncle Joe" Cannon was to play Grandma. "Sunny Jim" Sheiman was to play Wolf. Mark the sequel! The daywas dawned dark and sultry. Light ning flashes played fitfully along the western sky and presently dull reveiberations of thunder rolled down fiom the faraway North. Then the rain began to fall in tor rentb. Picnic, indeed above the voice of the elements now rises the bin ill notes of the pastor, crying "eveiy man to cover and rats to your holes." Presto, change! from atrogance to realization, from confidence to panic the sudden swapping of hor ses in the middle of the stream the wild unloading of Foraker im mediately after an ostentatious le conciliation Heaist again, as in last year's judicial contests, the Mde partner of Paisons and Roose velt, the President, himself, down in the trenches, mud stained and powder smirched, swearing like a trooper, now at republicans and now at democrats every resource, every device, every agency of or ganized money and official influence strained to their uttermost to com pel the will of the one man dynasty and to extend the rule of the one paity power. It is amazing. It is humiliat ing. It should set every honest, patriotic man in the land to think ing. We are supposed to live un der a government of public opin ion. Modern politics, however, has created machinery especially designed for controlling this public opinion. The machinery so fabri cated, places all the advantages in the hands of the leaders of the par ty in power. The "ins," to begin on, are as an army fortified. The "outs" are but a body of raw mi litia which, however brave, and no matter how capably led, have yet to cross many lines of intrench ment, to storm the cannon-mouthed redoubt, and to carry the murder ous barricade. It is yet a question whether victory against such odds is possible. The present campaign is to determine that. It is to de cide whether the people, unaided, can successfully go against a party occupying a fortress—whether the American voter is or is not an over match for the union of honest wealth making common cause with dishonest wealth, and commanding the party in power—whether, in a word, it is possible, short of some cataclysm, to reach a change of parties in Washington. The old, historic democratic par ty had sixty years of power, to make its exit the signal for a~ sec tional war. Even then the opposi tion only crept in thru a breach. The republicans have been in now nearly fifty years. If we cannot peacefully remove them, what may we not look for when their time of exit comes? Maybe a civil war. But should not the people take time by the forelock—should not public opinion rear back on its hind legs —should not the average citizen go to the polls to exercise his intelli gence and his volition before it is too late? The Hearst-Foraker-Archbold in cident is an object lesson of tre mendous reach. From start to fin ish it is thoroly bad. One is at a loss just where to place the burden of blame. The purchase of stolen letters, the shameless use of these, their damaging disclosures—quite ruinous in the light they throw up on the character of certain public men, as upon the prevailing meth ods of transacting the business of the time, official and otherwise— make a darksome picture, and yet. on the other hand, this picture is hardly more depressing and dis couraging than the exhibition of lank hypocrisy and cant which the revelations have occasioned in that holy-of-holies, the armed camp of Roosevelt, Taft and Hughes, virtue mongers in ordinary and manufac turers of tin plate god and moral ity. We have all known for years that such things were doing. The trouble has been that we could catch no one with the goods upon them, the work of corruption was done so cleverly. Foraker seems but the victim of circumstances. The republican woods are still left full of Ltandard Oil "attorneys," both in and out of Congress, of Sugar Ring "attorneys," of Steel Trust "attorneys," posing as states men. What is Can but a trust "attorney?" What else is Aldrich? They have syndicated the govern ment. Why balk at Foraker The Ohio Senator admits that he did act for a time as an attorney for the Standard Oil Company that this was not in contravention of his duties as Senator that his service antedates the move of the govern ment against Standard Oil that he was well paid for his professional skill, was proud as well as glad to have had such a client, and, being a practising lawyer, he did only what any and every other lawyer would have done, seeing no manner of wrong in the transaction. This is in all likelihood the exact and literal truth. It seems that the thief who had stolen the incriminating letters and sold them to Hearst knew what he about, and that Hearst, like an expert sensationalist, held out one of them for an after shot. This in closed no less a sum than $50,000 in the form of a Standard Oil draft sent by Archbold to Foraker, and straightway the Senator explains that it related to a newspaper deal which foil thru. Mr. Foraker ap pears to think that there was noth ing amiss in such a matter, tho in volving the secret sale of an influ ential public journal and its cor rupt conversion from one side to another all of which makes un savory reading. Yet the Senator's environment seems more at fault than his char acter. Personally an upright and a clean man, a brave young soldier in time of war—in time of peace rather too free with fire alarms, yet, withal, a good neighbor and a good citizen and a good friend—it is not wise public policy to have him ruthlessly slaughtered upon the altars of party necessity, leaving leaders ten times guiltier—if he be guilty at all—to rattle around in gutta percha wings and 'robes of painted ermine. The republican party is the real cu«prit. Thru forty years that party has been the "attorney" of every scheme which has appeared at Washington having a graft big enough to tempt the Steering Committee of the Senate and the Rules Committee of the House from high tariff, always at the front, to high finance, seeking monopoly in every known commo dity—sugar, steel, iron—enriching republican statesmen and making a mockery of popular interests. The Senate is crowded with trust attorneys. Hence the universal de mand for the election of Senators by the people instead of by the cor poration owned Legislatures. It long ego became a scandal that most republican leaders who went to Congress poor men after a few years came away bondholders, Alli son of Iowa being the one excep tion. It is too late for the repub licans to make a scapegoat of For aker. When Judge Taft delivered his now famous Akron speech, which i^^^^^f^^fC^ii$%f^^^^ three years ago, he was unsparing of the Cincinnati machine. His horrid example was "Boss" Cox. His victim in reserve was Joseph Benton Foraker. Yet, at Toledo the other day, we beheld him, Cox at one side, Foraker on the other, "thick as thieves/' exclaiming to the multitude: "How we apples swim!" Now that the Senator has come to grief, we are told that Taft will recur to his original base of attack upon Foraker and Cox andtime. repudiate their support indeed, the President has already done this he, in truth, could do no less to maintain his own character and that of his dear friend Hughes, not to mention other self-appointed un derstudies of the almighty! Yet both the President and Judge Taft knew as much of Foraker ten day*, ago as they know now. It is mere ly that, the screen having fallen on Foraker, the rule of "addition, di vision and silence" will no longer work for the Church of the Sacred Zebra, of which the President, the Governor and the late Secretary of War compose the trinity. The Foraker business is but an incident. The repudiation ot a single Senator will nowise make good. It is the republican party which is in the dock. It is the re publican party which these revela tions expose. It is the republican party, tried in the balance and found wanting, which Judge Taft ad Mr. Roosevelt—the people's best witnnesse» to jts bad character— are trying to save. But the sacri fice of Foraker will not suffice. To prove themselves entirely honest, they must throw Aldrich and Can non and "Sunny Jim" Sherman overboard. No chapter of history, ancient or modern, can be recalled to illus trate so vividly the present situa tion of the party led by Theodore Roosevelt, usurping all leadership, as that which relates the plight in which the French found themselves after Gravelotte. "On to Berlin" had been the cry—never a thought to the contrary. Of a sudden, con fusion, disaster, defeat, with Sedan ahead. So the republican party at this moment. It never yet had to face such conditions as meet it whichever way it turns. Most thoughtful onlookers concede that New York is lost to it. The nom ination of Lilley makes Connecticut a doubtful state. Rhode Island and New Jersey hang in the balance. There is chaos in Ohio. Indiana, faction torn, is gone past redemp tion. The prairie fires of an awak ened public conscience sweep over Illinois, threatening to leap the Missisisppi river into Iowa, to cross the Missouri river into Kansas and Nebraska, and, impeded only by the tenantlegs walls of the Rocky Mountains, to issue thence again and to swoop down to the shores of the Pacific. Well may the republican leaders, intolerant and arrogant, used by money and machinery to carry all before them, whiten with dismay. Wei) may they in their rage bite one another like frightened beasts. Their sins have found them out at last! Scandals to right of them scandals to left of them defeat in front of them—only the Taft-Sin ton millions between —Cannon clinging to "Sunny Jim"—Aldrich falling upon the neck of Son-in Law Rockefeller—the thieving tar iff exuding fat no longer, but mak ing quagmires for the robber trusts —the people disgusted on the one hand, or indignant on the other— the grand old party of graft and fraud is in truth a sight to see! Yet a little longer, and then the boneyard, leaving only a stench be hind and this inscription:— "Whilst it lived it »ived in clover When it died it died all over." ROSE-LAND REPORTS Roseland, Oct. 5.—Plowing is nearly finished and now most of the farmers are digging their potatoes, which crop is not as good as last year. It is reported that Mrs. John Morolag, who was taken to the Fer gus Fall3 hospital last spring, is improving and may be able to be taken home in the near futuie. Mr. and Mrs. Mink of Brown county are spending a few days with their sister, Mrs. Rynhard Kohls. Chairman T. Stob and Wm. Lind quist looked over the roads last Thursday. They have a few dumps to let out on contract, and anyone wanting a job in that line should call on the chairman and put in his bid. Lambert Dykema, who some time ago bought the John Bu farm, ar rived here last Wednesday and his household goods arrived here Satur day. All the neighbors pitched in today and hauled it for him from Danube. Nearly everybody has been on the sick list lately. The change in the weather was too much, we suppose. John Moorlag lost one of his horses last Thursday. Rev. and Mrs. Dragt, who are spending their vacation in Nebraska and Kansas, are expected home the latter part of this week. Mrs. Echbert Dragt of Kansas has rented the John Bosch farm, formerly owned by C. Christianson, and will move out here some time this fall. cost the republicans the loss of Ohio' the bonded abstracter. Abstracts of title to Kandiyohi county lands and city property promptly furnished by J. T. Otos, Prinsburg, Oct. 5. John and Martin Stob, of Chicago, who visit ed here with their mother and other relatives the past two weeks, re turned to their homes last Thurs day. With them went their niece. Miss Gertrude C. Stob, who intends to remain in Chicago for some Ben Wibbles has bought the farm which belonged to his father, and where K. Visser has lived for many years. A baby boy has arrived at the home of W. DeVries. Mrs. Otto DeVries and youngest child have both been on the sick list. Rev. and Mrs. Burgraaf are ex pected home this week from their four weeks' trip in the East. Mr. and Mrs. G. Brink, and two daughters, who visited here for two weeks, returned to their home in Sioux county, Iowa, last Thurs day. They visited at the D. Dek ker home in Roseland Wednesday and Thursday. Mrs. Dekker is an old friend of former years in Iowa. Report has it that Henry den Adel from Washington will bring his family back here again in the near future. A great many of our farmers have lost their hogs, and some have none left. The cause seems to be hog cholera. E. J. Roelofs Sr. has not been well the past week. Dr. Lumley of Renville is attending him and we hope for a speedy recovery. Henry Stob has built a new barn back of his store here. A short time ago he bought a team of po nies from Rev. Dragt of Roseland, and needed more barn room. Henry Bruggers is enjoying a visit from his parents, who live near Cawker City, Kansas. They came Friday and intend to stay here about two weeks. A. J. Nagel from Greenleafton, Minn., is here visiting his daugh ter, Mrs. Ben Wibbles, and looking after his farm a mile east of Prins burg. The sale at Ben Wieberdink's place last Wednesday was well at tended and everything brought sat isfactory prices. They expect to leave soon for Denver, Colorado. Mr. and Mrs, Ralph Roelofs ex pect to celebrate their silver wed ding the 9th of this month. Their daughter, Mrs. Fied Groenwald of Pease, Minn., was expected here but owing to illness cannot be pres ent. We hope this worthy couple may live to celebrate their golden wedding, and wish them the best of everything. Mr. and Mrs. Garret Ruisink of Raymond visited with their uncle, J. W. Wieberdink, last Wednesday. Mr. and Mrs. Albert Boersma drove to Willmar Thursday. The frame work for the new house for R. Biuns is up and work is being pushed to get it done be fore cold weather comes to stay. IRVING INDEX Irving, Oct. 6.—Threshing is al most done and the machines are be ginning to pull up for the winter, only one or two jobs being left. John Granstrom, who has been suffering from tuberculosis for a long time, is reported very low. Lena Olson from Willmar is vis iting with her parents this week. Miss Nettie Hanson commenced her first term as teacher today in Dist. 2. Success to you, Nettie. Laura Pederson visited at her home Sunday. Erick Olson, whose barn was de stroyed by fire this summer, is building a little shack for his stock this fall. He intends to put up a large barn in the spring. Rev. Nordberg preaches in Nord land church next Sunday. There will be Young Peoples' meeting in the evening, at which Rev. Paul son from Willmar will be present. Miss Bertha Johnson is assisting] Mrs. I. J. Anderson during thresh ing. Bennie Johnson returned last', week from North Dakota, where he! has been threshing. Lewis Thompson came up from Sisseton, S. D., last week for a few days' visit at his parental home, after which he left for his claim in North Dakota. Nettie Hanson and Hannah Jen sen made a business trip to Will mar last Monday, in Wednesday. Farmer Boy. FEWXK I 9&V3WM3)\ Pennock, Oct. 5.—Mrs. Johnson of New York, who has been visit ing with the Floren family over summer, returned to her home last Thursday. Rev. Micahelson conducted ser vices her last Sunday. Mary Floren went to the cities Monday to spend some time with relatives and friends. Big hog and cattle day at Pen nock Monday. John Ostlurd, R. C. Rasmusson and G. C. Haug left for South Da kota Monday to hunt for land. P. J. Lindgren and daughter, Miss Emily, went to Grant county, S. D., last week to visit relatives. H. J. Johnson of Salem is wear ing a 2x4 smile on account of the newly arrived baby. Good luck, Hjalmar. Threshing is all done around here for this year. Willie Hoglund and wife, of North Dakota, are spending a few days with the former's mother, Mrs. E. Mickelson, of Mamre. Agnes Johnson boarded the train for the east last Thursday. TWO DEATHS AT NORWAY LAKE Norway Lake, Sept. 28.—It is our sad duty this time to chronicle two deaths. Mabel Lundin, aged 9 years, 6 months and one day, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Lundin of Lake Andrew, died at the home of her parents at 2 o'clock a. m. last Wednesday, after a week of painful sickness from appendi citis. The funeral took place last Friday. The remains were laid to rest at the Florida cemetery, Rev. Franklin officiating. At the church songs were sung by the Swedish Sunday school class of which she was a member, and also song by Miss Lawler's school in Dist. 25, her schoolmates, the parting hour being extremely sad for her small schoolmates. The pall a were Hattie Larson, LiHie Larson, Mabel Railson, Mabel Skoglund, Lillian Skoglund and Edna Mankel, all small girls of her age. When father and mother, sister and broth ers look for the last time upon the beautiful face of their darling daughter and sister who has been called from earth just as the tender plant of her girlhood is budding into the flower of womanhood, it is sad indeed. However, they have a olessed consolation of knowing that while their poor hearts are burst ing with grief, the melody of heav en is sweeter by having added to that great angelic choir the voice of their precious child and sister. Anders E. Rue of Arctarder died last Wednesday. To him death was a great relief, as he had suf feied greatly the last two years from cancer in the throat and at last practically starved to death. Aiiders was born in the town of Arctander 41 years ago. Twelve yeais ago he was married to Miss Margit 0 Huset, and leaves be sides his wife, two sons, Albert and Erick, and one daughter, Clara al so three brotheis and five sisters. The funeral took place at the East Norway Lake church lagt Sunday and the remains were laid to rest in the adjoining cemetery by the side of his parents and one brother, Erick, who had preceded him. The pall bearers were C. T. Skinde lien, P. P. Lien, S. Mattson, L. Kambestad, Ole Stai and E. Rud ningen. Julius Skaalerud visited with the family of Carl Skaalerud last Sun day. Miss Anna Hande leaves tomor row for Arizona. Nels Quam of New London made a trip to his farm to look after the threshing, Gunder Swenaon made a trip thru parts of Norway Lake town last Wednesday on business pertain ing to threshing. Last Saturday was declared a holiday by everybody. Prof. E. Kr. Johnsen of St. An-porary thony Park is the guest of Rev. and Mrs. M. A. Sotendahl, and preaches in the West Norway Lake church next Sunday. Chris Solberg ships a carload of flax to Minneapolis today. White Ribbon -Shoes— THE HEW SHOE FOR W0HER We mnkc th«»m In all the popular leathers. Black and Dull Kid, Patents and Tana, High ani Low Cuts, prices from S3 to $6 the pair. One Boston woman vntss: "1 will never ceaseto sfng the p-aises of the White Ribbon Shoes." Tired women with tired feet want easy flexible soled shoes. This then is what you want. Nrt £A Fine s°ft kid, lace, vamp, pat. iWo tip. medium low military Heel, welt sole Pure Oak Belting: Sole, very flex ible stitched belting: top piece on heel, anti septic covered soft cushion innersole. White Ribbon Process Made over last with med ium toe, especially designed and graded for the White Ribbon Line. None Gentfine That Does Not Bear Above Trade Mark on The Sole This is a fac simile of the cou pon which is re deemed at 5 cents a pair and goes to the W. C. T. U. So. ciety. _4966 A MADE BY White Ribbon Shoe Company FORT DODGE, IOWA SOUS MANUFACTURERS SOLD BY THE LEADING STORE. Peterson & Wellin. NELSON ON GUARANTY OF BANK DEPOSIT8. "Out of their mouths shall they be condemned." Presidential Candidate Taft has come .and gone and during his flying trip through the state he did not lose an opportunity to attempt to prove the fallacy of the bank deposit guaranty plan of the Democratic platform. As the guaranteeing of bank deposits is Receiving much attention at the pres ent time, as it is being fiercely at tacked by the Republicans and as stoutly defended by the Democrats, it might not come amiss to look over the field and see who is most conspicuous In assailing this principle and whoestablishment most active in its defense. The principal opposition to the idea comes from the big banks, which claim that its general adoption will result in placing all banks on the same plane that the large institu tions will be compelled to support the weak ones in times of stress and that it will also encourage reckless meth ods, as the crooked or reckless finan cier will take advantage of the situ ation created by the guarantee and use it to his selfish advantage. It is also condemned by the general Repub lican politician, not because he knows anything about it, or because he doubts its soundness, but because the Democrats "jaw it first," and it there fore became a Democratic measure, and for that rtaaon it must be op posed. On the other hand it is supported by many small bankers and by the general run of depositors, who feel that they are entitled to security of some kind wh9n they put their money in the hands of another man. They argue that when the banker entrusts them with money from his institution he exacts security, and they believe it is right and proper that he do so, but they are personally as honest as he why then should he be placed in a class by himself and be permitted to handle millions of other people's money without guarantee that it shall ever be returned? The supporters of this contention are not confined to any walk in life, nor to any political party. When Mr. Taft was ridiculing the idea in his Minnesota speeches he was perhaps unaware that he was verbally lashing a member of his own party—a man whose sound Judgment the people of Minnesota, regardless of political affil iations, have every confidence. But that was just what he was doing. It will perhaps surprise many of hi3 Minnesota constituents to learn that Senator Nelson introduced an amend ment to the Vreeland Aldrich currency bill in the senate, on March 27 last, which provided for the guaranteeing of deposits in national banks In sub stance this amendment provided: That one-half of all taxes paid on national bank currency by banking as sociations be set apart in the United States treasury as a depositors' fund, to be used in paying all depositors, ex cept the United States, upon the in solvency of any bank that said de positors' fund shall not exceed $20, 000,000. On the introduction of the amend ment Senator Nelson argued in sup port of the measure that a money panic was distinguishable from a money stringency. That a money stringency arises because of a tem scarcity of currency, while a panic, such as that of the fall of 1907, always originates in a run by deposit or* as to the safety of their funds In 1907 the banks, to protect themselves, practically closed their doors. In fact they suspended cash payments to all practical purposes. This condition was brought about, net because of astringency of curren 07, but because the public became panto stricken in its disbelief in the soundness of the banks. A large amount of the capital and surplus of national banks is held in tbe shape of long-time securities—bonds of various kinds and approved stocks—so that their available money for loaning pur poses is actually the money of the de positors. When a panic sets in and a run starts on the bank money becomes scarce because depositors withdraw their money, and also because people who heretofore were content to get their pay in drafts and checks now demand cash. Thus the supply in cash Is depleted, while the demand for actual money increases. The banks are therefore compelled to call in loans from customers and must refuse further accomodation All this is caused on account of a panic stricken public. Continuing, Mr. Nelson said: "Now if you ean by legislation, as is here proposed, provide a fund for the pro tection of depositors, so that they will feel easy and confidant and will not become panic stricken, you to a large extent cure such evils as we had last fall. To my mind those evils arose from two sources. First, from the want of confidence on the part of the depositors. In consequence of that there was a run on the banks, and in the next plaee because the bank* themselves were even more cowardly than the depositors because the big banks throughout the country practi ©ally suspended payment, that is the one way la which they stopped the panic. The amendment does not levy any additional burden upon the hanks. It does not require them to pay an additional tax. It proposes to take one-half of the tax they now sad set it apart as a fund for the neflt of the depositors. The federal government was authorized to pre setlbe rules for the regulation of one as well as for the other that the gov ernment demanded security for its note issues and could as well provide for the security of the depositor. That when national banks are organized and incorporated they are held out to thecent pubHo as species of governmental ageneles. In this way they acquire reputations to which, they are scarcely entitled. That the ordinary small de positor, the laboring man and the farmer, are often not able to distin guish between the good bank and the bad bank. A bank is a bank to him. It Is sufficient for him to know that It it a government institution, organized 8£r'v~~ v?WK% POLITICAL COMMENT Edited by the Democratic Press Burean. its his money. "You may think I am cranky upon this subject, but in my younger days I had a little experience the memory of which has been with me ever since. When I was a law student in the city of Madison, Wis., in 1867, I was very poor, but I finally succeeded in ac cumulating the great fund of $500. It was practically all of my possessions. There was in the city of Madison a bank known as the Farmers' bank. I did not know the difference I sup posed one bank was as good as an other. I deposited my little moivy in that bank In a very short time the bank failed Mr. Nelson argued further that the of the fund of $20,000, 000 in question, would create confi dence in the minds of depositors and would in this way eliminate panics and runs upon banking institutions As was stated in this article hereto fore the people of Minnesota have the utmost confidence in the soundness of Senator Nelson's judgment on all ques tions of a financial nature. It is ques tionable, therefore, if Judge Taft, in his speeches throughout the state con verted many of his hearers to the be lief that the man who runs the bank is entitled to unlimited confidence This is a question which must be settled by the voters of the countrj. Senator Nelson is authority for the statement that the bankers are as much subject to control by the people as are the railroads In our opinion they will decide that what is fair for the individual is fair for the bank. That the bank rightfully requires se curity from the borrower and that the depositor should demand security for his deposits. HARKING BACK TO '97. To Candidate Jacobson's mind the great heyday of wise financial man agement, the era of ideal financiering in connection with state Institutions in the state of Minnesota was ten to twenty years ago, in the decade from 1887 to 1897, when the old party ma chine was so sure of controlling the vote of this state that "divided re sponsibility" was not feared. Mr. Ja cobson's Duluth statement on this point is herewith appended in full. "To show the difference that exists when one party is in full control and when you divide responsibility let me show you a few figures The average Increase of expenses during the last twenty or thirty years has been 10 per cent. The increase each year has been 10 per cent I have the figures for the appropriations for the years 1887, 1897 and 1907 In 1887 we ap propriated for all the institutions of the state $1,580,000 in 1897 we appro priated $3,180,000, or an increase of 10 per cent each year. In 1907, instead of increasing the appropriation to $6, 360,000, which would be 10 per cent Increase, the appropriation was in creased to $7,894,000, or nearly $2,000, 000 more than would have been had the 10 per cent increase been made In 1887 the appropriation amounted to about $9 for each individual. In 1897 it was decreased to $8, but in 1907, in stead of decreasing it to $7, it was increased to $13 25, or nearly twice as much as under a Republican admin lstration." It takes very little analysis to show how superficial, far-fetched and ridic ulous the above argument is, either as a criticism upon the present state ad ministration, or as a basis for a fair and just judgment in review of the state's financial history. To compare the decade 1887-97 with that of 1897-1907 is not a comparison of Republican with Democratic admin istration. The legislature which ap propriated the funds and the state au ditor and treasurer who acted as the state's financial sponsors and advisers In the matter of disbursements were Republican during the entire period of twenty years. During the last decade, 1897-1907, the governor and all the ex ecutive departments were Republican one-half the time, Governor Clough be ing in the executive chair in 1897 and 1898 and Governor Van Sant during 1901-4, inclusive. But, if the intention of Mr. Jacobson Is to show ideal financial management of state institutions back in 1897 8 as compared with today, it again fails. What was the financial condition of the state and its institutions back in 1S97-8? Has he forgotten? Like every other state in this country, and espe daily In the West, we were Just emerging from the greatest financial disaster in the country's history, the panic of 1893 and the depression of 1893-8. Property values everywhere, and especially in the cities, were de pressed beyond precedent. The city and village real estate bubble had everywhere burated and broken banks left depositors without savings. Tax able valuations were cut down, tax levies reduced and state institutions dared ask for nothing more than bare existence. Is that the financial ideal to which Mr. Jacobson would appeal as a basis for the support of Minne sola's state institutions today? The financial condition of the state was such ten years ago, at the end of the 1893-7 panic and depression, that the state board of equalization ap pointed by Governor Clough was com pelled to reduce the real estate valua tions of the cities of St. Paul, Minne apolis and Duluth 25 per cent at a single cut. The total valuation of the state even so late as 1900 had not yet recovered and was still a trifle below that of 1890, ten years before. The state banks of Minnesota—to day over 600 in number with $90,000, 000 of resources and not a failure or loss of a dollar to depositors In six rears—were then less than 200 with hot one-fourth of today's resources and the department of pnblic examiner In charge of those banks was so poor ly supported by the state and such a dead letter and farce that over 10 per of the state banks under its su pervision were in a state of insol vency—five of the insolvent institu tions still being indebted to the state treasury tor state deposits never re covered. And now Mr. Jacobson points his finger back to that date as a proper and fitting comparison for the people of Minnesota to heed In managing their state institutions In 1908 and he under federal law, and in it ho depos- gggg comparison in preparing his 1 S^~ indictment of Democratic "extrava gance" during the ten-year period that has intervened! It is plain that Jacobson has fallen Into a vast and most ridiculous blun der, which in the interests of his party, if not of his own reputation, he should make haste to repair. MINNESOTA ISSUE OF 19C8. Governor Johnson accepts the issue of the state campaign on the lines laid down by his opponent, Ja cobson, and points to the administra tion of the past four year=s, •with its practicable reforms and constructive measures, as the fulfillment of his campaign pledges and the justification of the big vote of confidence cast for him by the people of Minnesota Governor Johnson also points to the great array of results in state de\ elop ment—177,000 acres of state swamp lands reclaimed, miles of improved highway constructed, state aid dis tributed to 1,000 additional r-"blic schools, 300,000 volumes added to school libraries and $4,300,000 added to the value of Minnesota school houses, large additions to land, build ings, equipment and enrollment of agricultural colleges and expeiiuient stations, development of state binding twine plant at the state prison and also of a new harv i-^ter and binder manufacturing plant, tho e\tension of the state university and its increased enrollment, tha establishment of the state immigration bureau, the devel opment of the State Agricultural soci ety enterprise and the development of state institutions and internal im provements generally—as worth all they cost to the people and the state Governor Johnson also points to the new boards and departments created —the permanent tax commission, which in its fust year brings $500 000 of new revenue into the state treasury from iron mines, the state highway commission, which is developing a state system of good roads the state drainage commission, which has Id ed $885,000 to the wealth of the stare during the past two jeuis fiom re claimed state swamp lands at a cost of $185,000, the state timber board which has recoveied half a million dol lars from timber trespas«eis the state immigration bureau, which has brought thousands of new scttleis into the new counties, the new department of fire marshal, which has effected re duction of fire insurance rates—as progiessive departures worth to the state one hundred times then cost Governor Johnson also points lo the practical achievements of the execu tive departments controlled by him— insurance department whose practical reforms have commanded national prominence, public examiner's depart ment, which has recoveied in two years $150,000 of public re\enue and made the unparalleled record of tak ing over 282 new banks in four v°ars labor bureau, which has made state labor inspection of great practical value for the protection of labor and opened free employment bureaus, dairy and food department, which has expanded the state's efficiency in dairy and food inspection 50 per cent in four 5ears- public instruction, which has broken all recoids in piactical ed ucational work, board of control, which has reduced cost of binder twine 2 cents a pound and in four years made for the state a net profit of $716,000—as demonstrating the practical value of his administration to the state Governor Johnson points to the re forms achieved—prosecution of timber thieves and recovery of half a million dollars of trespass damages preserva ticn of state's mineral wealth for the public schools and stopping the leas ing of the state's mineral lands to iron and steel companies and lucky indi viduals at one half to one fourth value, recovery of hundieds of thousands of dollars of unpaid taxes from railroad, telephone, telegraph and e\precs com panies reduction of freight and pas senger rates abolition of passes and rebates, and improvement in the finan cial management of e\ery state office and institution—as fufilling his prom fses to the people who gave him 70 009 plurality and justifying their fur ther confidence in his stewaidship To this vast an ay of practical statesmanship and constructive achievement Candidate Jacobson sim ply says "extravagance," altnough the state budget to pay the bills was con trolled by a Republican legislature, which authorized and voted every dol lar of expenditure Mr Jacobson also alleges Increased taxes, although the total increase in stiie taxation would not amount to ten cents a poison upon the people of this state, and the in creased taxes upon iron mines, street railway and lighting companies, logs and lumber, franchises and royalties, corporations and mhentances, has more than paid rhe additional revenue to put into effect all the above re forms and can through all the above Improvements As stockholders and directors in this great democratic institution, the state, the issue is up to you Do you want Governor Johnson's kind of ad ministration continued7 Does his stewardship meet your endorsement7 If it does, the day for expressing It is on Nov. 3. "Would you send a man who uses profanity to congress?" "I dunno," answered Farmer Corn tossel "Of course I don't approve of profanity but, then, I'd want him to be able to hold his own in any of them arguments that come up "—Washing ton Star. Traveler (to alet)—That's a rather large statue, Pat Pat—Yes, sor. They tell me the hand is eleven Inches wide. Traveler—Wonder why they didn't make it twelve Inches? Pat —Because they didn't want to make a foot Stranger—What sort of a man is your neighbor, John Brag^s? Native—Oh, he's all right, but he has a telescopic imagination. Stranger—How's that? Native—Yes, he can't even tell the truth without getting it at least two sizes larger than it is.