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ts —OF— —BY— TheLeaislatu General Session, 1907. St. Paul. Minn., May 1st. 190S. Hon. Julius A. Schmahl, Secretary of State Sir: As required by Section 25 of the Revised Laws, as amended, I have the honor to furnish you herewith a state ment of the purposes and effects of the respective amendments proposed to the Const'tution of the State of Minnesota by the Legislature of 1907, and which are to be submitted to the electors of said State at the General Election of 1908. FIRST PROPOSED AMENDMENT. The first proposed amendment is con tained in Chapter 477 of the Laws of 19C7. By this amendment it is sought to re:eal Sections one (1), two (2), three (3). four (4) and seventeen (17) of Article nine (9) of the Constitution (the latter cert on being the amendment to said Ar ticle nine (9), adopted in 1896), which sections now read as follows: ••S"otion 1. All taxes to be raised In tills: st/ito KII.III bo as nearly otiual as may be ami all property on which taxes are to be levied shall have a cash valuation •ui'l bo equalized and uniform throughout tli state: Provided, that the legislature n. •. by general law or special act. au thor ze municipal corporations to levy i!P.- e.«snienfs for local Improvements upon 11v properly fronting upon such Improve ments, or upon the property to bo beno fit"rt by such impiovements. or both, without, regard to cash valuation, and In FU-'h manner as the legislature may pro scribe: and provided further, that for the purpose of defraying the expenses of lay ing water pipes and supplying any city or municipality with water, the legislature may. by general or special law, authorize any such city or municipality, having a population of live thousand or more, to levy an annual tax or assessment upon the' lineal foot of all lands fronting on any water main or water pipe laid by such city or mnrvcipn'ity within cor porate limits of said city for supplying water to the citizens thereof without regard to the cash value of such prop ertv, and to empower such city to collect any such tax, assessments or fines, or penalties for failure to pay the same, or any tine or penalty for any violation of th- rules of sue'i city or munic'pality in regard to the use of water, or for any wr ter rate due for the same: and pro vided further, that there may be by law levied and collected a. tax upon all inher itances, devises, henuests. legacies and gifts of every kind and description above a fixed and specified sum, of any and all natural persons and corporations. Such tax above such exempted sum may be uniform or it may be graded or progress ive, but shall not exceed a maximum tax of five per cent. "Section 2. The legislature shall pro vide for an annual lax sufficient to de fray the estimated ordinary expenses of the state for each year, and whenever it shall happen that such ordinary fxpftns"s of the state tor any year shall exceed tho income of the state for sneh year the legislature shall provide for levying a tax for the ensuing year sufficient, with other sources of income, to pay th" defie'ency of the preceding year, together with the estimated expenses of such ensuing year. Tb:t no law levying a tax or mnklng other provisions for the payment of interest or principal of bonds denominated 'Minne sota State Rp.ilroad Roads,' shall take effect or he in force unt'l such law shall have been submitted to a vote of the people of the state, and adopted by a majority of the electors of the slate vot ing upon the same. "Section H. laws shall be passed tax ing all motieys. credits, investments in bonds, stocks, joint stock companies, or otherwise, also all real and personal property, according to its true v::iue in money but public bury'np grounds, pub lic school hou.^s, public hospita-s, academies, college-!, universities, and all seminaries of le-nning. nil churches, church property used for religious pur poses, and houses of worship, institu tions of purely public charity, public property used exclusively for any public purpose, and personal property to an amount not exceeding in value two hun dred dollars for each individual, shall, by general laws, be exempt from taxation. "Section 4. Laws shall be passed for taxing the nnts and bills discounted or purchased, moneys loaned, and all other property, effects, or dues of every de scription, of a'l banks and of all bank ers, so that all property employed in banking shall always be subject to a tax ation equal to that imposed on the prop erty of individuals. "Section 17. The legislature may Im pose, or provide for the imnositlon of, up on the property within this state of any and all owners or operators, whether cor porate or individual, or otberw'se, of any and all sleeping, parlor and drawing room cars, or any or cither of the same, which run in, into or through this state also upon the property within this state of any and all telegraph and telephone com panies, or owners, who: Tnes are in, or extend in, into or throiirf-i this state also upon the property witiiin this state of all express companies, or owners, or any or either of the same, doing business in this state also upon tho property within this state of all domestic insurance com panies of this state of any kind also upon the property within this state of any and all foreign insurance companies doing business in thta state of any kind also upon the property within this siate of all The Nobel prizes were suggested by tho eighth Earl of Bridgewater, son of the bishop of Durham, lie left $40,000 to be paid to the author of the best treatise on "The Power, Wisdom aud Goodness of God as Manifested In the Creation." The judges divided the money among eight persons. The Widow—Is yo' sho' yo' lubs me? Sammy—Co'se I's sho'. The Widow (suspiciously)—Yo' ain't los' yo'r job, to. yo'?—Exchange. WM owners or operators of any and all mlnea or of mineral ores situated In this state also upon the property within this state of all hoom companies or owners, and of all slvp builders or owners doing business In this state or having a port therein (provided, that this act shall not apply to property owned by railroad companies. their lands and other property) and upon ihe property of either or any of such companies or owners,—a tax as uniform as reasonably may be with the taxes im posed upon similar property in sa'd state, or upon the earnings thereof within this state, but may be graded or progressive, or br:'.i, and in providing for such tax, or in providing for ascertaining the just and true value of such properly, it shall be competent for the legislature in either or all such c^ses. to impose such tax upon any or all property thereof within this slate, and in either «se by taking as the basis of such imposition the pro portionate bui-ness, earnings, mileage or quantity of production or property now or hereafter existing of any such com panies, persons or owners, transacted or existing in this state, in relation to the entire business, mileage or quantity of production or property of such com panies, persons or owners as aforesaid or in such other manner, or by such other method as the legislature may de termine but the proceeds of such taxes upon mining property shall be distributed between the state and the various polit ical subdivisions thereof wherein the same is sttu.tu-d. hi tho same proportion •is the procoi ds of taxes upon real prop erty are distributed: Provided further. that nothing in this act contained shall operate to authorize the assessment or taxation of any farm land or ordinary business bloei.s or property owned by .my such corporation, person, firm or company except in the manner provided by the ord'nary methods of tax^aon," and to substitute therefor the following: "Sec. 1. .The power of taxation shall never be surrend-M el, suspended or con tracted away. Taxes shall te uniform upo the same class of subjects, and s'a 1 be levied and collected for public purposes, but public burying grounds, public school houses, public hospitals, academies, colleges, universities, and all seminaries of learn "r.g. all churches, church property used for reigious pur poses, and houses of worship, institutions of purely public charity, and public property used exclusively for any public purpose, shall be exempt from taxation, and there may be exempted from taxa tion personal property not exceeding in value $200 for each household, individual, or head of a family, as the legislature may determine. But the legislature may authorize municipal corporations to levy and collect assessments for local im provements upon property benefited th reliy without regard to a cash valua tion, and nothing herein contained shall lie construed to aft' -ct, modify or repeal any existing law providing for the taxa tion of the gross earnings of railroads." Tins proposed constitutional amend ment was submitted and voted upon at the last electicn and was declared car ried. But a contest was instituted by in terested parties, claiming th the amend ment was not carried. That contest is now pending in the courts and it was on that account that the legislature decided to re-submit the amendment to the peo ple, so that however the contest be decided, the next legislature may have the power granted by the amendment. For the purpo.ie of discussing the effect of the amendment I will assume that the same amendment submitted at the last elect en, did not csrry. The purpose and effect of this amend ment would be to greatly enlarge the power of the legislature with reference to the subject of taxation. Section one (I) as it now stands ovides that all taxes imposed shsll be equal—as near as may be—on all forms of property, and all property upon which a tax is imposed is required to have a CASH VALUATION equalized tine ugh out the state. Section two (2) as it now stands re quires the legislature to levy the neces sary taxes annually to def.ay the ex penses the state. That is the duty of the legislature without any constitutional direction. Section three (3) as it now stands pro vides that all real and personal property, including MONEYS, CREDITS and IN VESTMENTS IN BONDS AND STOCKS, shall be assessed according to their true value In money. Section four (4) as It now stands pro vides that property employed in banking shall be subject to a tax equal to that imposed on ether property. This is only a repetition of the requirements of Sec tions one (1) and three (3), as no rational person would cl.Tm that banking capital should be exempt from taxation. Section seventeen (17) as it now stands is not e.isy to understand, but it was In tended by that s-c'.ion to relieve from the operation of sections one (1) and three (3), above quoted, property of the classes therein emime.c ter.l, so that a gross earn ings tax could be applied thereto instead of dire't taxation. Ov.k-g to ti".e p/ovisions of sections one (1) and three (3, of the present Consti tut'on many amendments were from time to time edded sc as to permit taxes to be imposed on specific kinds of property otherwise than upon a cash valuation equalized throughout the state. We have among these exceptions railroad gross earnings municipal frontage taxes inheritance taxes and the gross earnings taxes authorized by sad section seven teen (17). Several exemptions from taxation are clso provided for, but as these exemp tions are not ci-ang-d by the proposed amendment, I will make no further ref erence to them. The amendment which, if adopted, would take the place of all of tiie sections and amendments above referred to, is simple and plain. No provision of the Constitution is necesj.iry to authorize the imposition of the taxes necessary for the support of the state and its various polit cal subdivisions. The power of taxation is inherent in government. This proposed amendment declares that this inherent power of taxation shall never be surren dered, suspended or contracted away that taxes shall be imposed for public purposes and shall be uniform on the same class of subjects. Should this amendment be adopted all property of every kind in the state would be subject to taxation, according to the method the legislature saw fit to adopt, provided only that the tax was levied for a pub lic purpose and was uniform on the same class of subjects. Under th's amend ment every tax lav/ we now have on the statue books v.ould continue to be valid, because under this amendment all limita tions on the power of the legislature would be taken away. The adoption of this amendment would, as Indicated, repeal the so-called inherit ance tax amendment, and the gross earn ings tax amendment adopted In 1896, as contained in said Section seventeen (17), but in their place this amendment would give the legislature greater authority. Under this amendment the power to im pose inheritance taxes would be unlimit ed, and any form of gross earnings tax would be valid. The gross earnings tax on ra'lroads would not be affected by this amendment, as the Constitution provides that they cannot be changed without sub mitting the law making the change to a vote of the people. But with this amend ment various new forms of taxation could be imposed, notably an income tax, a ton nage tax on iron ore and a registry tax on mortgages.* Under the present Constitu tion we can impose no tax on mortgages owned by non-residents. A registry tax, which would be V.lld under this amend ment, would reach all mortgages alike. While the Constitution requires all sub jects of taxation to have a cash valua tion with the tax equalized throughout -the state, no proper income tax could be imposed. "You know," said a smart young man to a girl, "some one has said that if you would make a lasting pair of boots, take for the sole the tongue of a wo man.' "Yes," replied the girl, "and for the uppers you ought to take the cheek of the man who said it." Hyker—Bronson tells me he is" taking mud baths now. Pyker—Why, I thought he was out of politics.—Illustrated Bits. SECOND PROPOSED AMENDMENT. The second proposed amendment la contained In C.S-vier 473 of the Laws of .Viinnesota for tne year 1907. By this amendment it is sought to repeal Section sixteen (16) or Article nine (9) of the Constitution, which section now reads as follows: "For the purpose of lending aid in the construction and improvement of public highways and bridges, there is hereby created a fun£ to be known as the 'State Road and Brid?? Fund.' Said fund shall include all mci.vys accruing from the in come derived from investments in the internal improvement land fund, or that may hereafter accrue to said fund, and shall also include all funds accruing to any state road and bridge fund, however provided. "Ine legislature is authorized to add to such fund for the purpose oi* constructing or improving roads and bridges of this state, by providing, in its discretion, for an annual tax levy upon the property of ihis state oi* not to exceed in any year one-twentieth (1-20) of one (1) mill on •ill the taxable property withn the state. "The legislature is also authorized to provide for the appointment,, by the gov ernor of the slate, of a board to be .tnown as the "State Highway Commis sion,* consisting of three (3) members, who sha 1 perform such duties as shall be prescribed by law without salary or com pensation other than personal expenses. "Such comin ssion shall have general superintendence -of the construction of state roads and bridges and shall use such fund in the const? notion thereof and distribute the same in the several coun ties in tin- suae upon an codi table basis. Provided flather, ihut no ..Muniy shall re ceive in any year more than three (3) per cent or itss than one-half (Ji of one (1) percent A the toiai fund thus pro vided and expended during such year and, provided further, that no more than one-third (1-3) of such fund accru ing in any year shall be expended for bridges, and in no case*sh.ali mere than one-third (1-3) of the cost of construc tion or improving any road or bAdge be paid by the state from such fund," and to substitute therefor the following: "Section 16. For the purpose of lend ing aid in the construction and improve ment of public highways and bridges, there is hereby created a fund to be known as the 'State Road and Bridge Fund.' Said fund shall include all moneys accruing from the income derived from investments in the internal improvement land fund, or that may hereafter accrue to said fund, and shall also include all funds accruing to any state road and bridge fund, however provided. "The legislature is authorized to add to such fund, for the purpose of construct ing or improving roads and bridges of this state, by providing, in its discretion, for an annual tax levy upon the property of this state." The purpose and effect of this amend ment is to authorize the legislature to levy upon all the property of the state any amount necessary, in its judgment, fcr the benefit of the roads and bridges therein, and in so far removes the limita tion which now ex'sts in the Constitution, whereby the legislature is prevented from levying for such purpose a tax ex ceeding one-twentieth (1-20) of one (1) mill on the taxable property within the state. This amendment further authorizes the legislature to provide salary and compen sation, includ ng personal expenses in curred in the performance of duty by the highway commission, or any other like off.cer entrusted by law with similar du ties. Finally, this amendment removes the limitation when now exists in the Con. stitution upon the powers of the highway commission in the distribution of the road and bridge fund of the state thereby au thorized, and the amount which the state may pay from such fund toward the cost of constructing or improving any road or bridge, and leaves the whole management of such fund to be provided for by law, as the legislature shall deem wise. The adoption of this amendment will not interfere with the power of the legis lature to create a highway commission and define its powers, nor will it inter fere with the appointment and tenure of office of the present commission. THIRD PROPOSED AMENDMENT. The third proposed amendment is con tained in Chapter 379 of the Laws of (Viinnesota for the year 1907. By this amendment it is sought to add the follow ing section to Art cle nine (9) of the Con stitution as a new section: "Section 17. The legislature mr.y pro vide for the payment by the State of Minnesota of damages to growing crops by hail and wind, or either, and to pro vide a fund for that purpose, may im pose a specific tax upon lands, the own ers of wh'ch. at their option, have listed the same with county auditors for thai purpose, and no. pa ment shall bo made of any such damages except from tne fund so provided." The purpose and effect of this amend ment is to authorize the legislature to perm the state to become the trustee in the collection and disbursement of a fund fcr the payment or damages to growing crops by hail or wind, or both. This fund is to be created and ma ntained by a spe cific tax -ipon the lands of such persons ONLY as shall VOLUNTARILY list the same with their respective c&vrnty audit ors for such purpose. There can be no tax for such purpose imposed on the lands of any owner who crces not consent there to. Its adoption will authorize the legis lature to direct that the taxing machinery of the state be used to levy and collect the tax necessary to raise such fund, and to prov'de for the disbursement of the same by the officers of the state, but any payments to be m-de by the state by rea son of damage by hail or wind will have to be made from said fund and from no other. The state would assume no re sponsibility beyond the amount cf such fund, and could not further bs rendered liable. FOURTH PROPOSED AMENDMENT. The fourth proposed amendment is con tained in Chapter 480 of the Laws of Min nesota for the year 1907. By this amend ment it Is sought to repeal the provisons of Section seven (7) of Article seven (7) of the Constitution, which section now reads as fellows: "Every person who by the provisions of this article shall be entitled to vote at any election shall be oligble to any office which now is, or hereafter shall be, elec tive by the people in the district wherein he shall have resided thirty days previous to such election, except as otherwise pro vided in th's Constitution, or the Consti tution and laws of tho United States," and to substitute therefor the following: "Every person who by the provisions of this article shall be entitled to vote at any election shall be eligible to any office which now is, or hereafter shall be. elec tive by the people in the district wherein he shall have resided thirty days previous to such election, except county super intendents of schools, who shall be re quired to have educational qualifications to be determined by the legislature, and except as otherwise provided in this Con stitution, or the Const'tution and laws of the United States." The purpose and effect of this amend ment is to authorize the legislature to re quire educational qualifications, in addi tion to all the other qualifications now re quired by law, for any person seek ng the office of county superintendent of schools, As the Constitution now stands any legal voter is eligible to the office of county superintendent of schoois. The foregoing four proposed amend ments constitute all the amendments pro posed for adoption at the ensuing General Election. Yours respectfully, EDWARD T. YOUNG, Attorney General. There is no national holiday in this country, not even the Fourth of July. Congress can make no law for holi days outside the District of Columbia. The president's proclamation Itself makes Thanksgiving, for instance, a legal holiday only in the District of Columbia and the territories. "Emeline, you are not happy. What makes you pretend that you are?" "Because artificial happiness Is lots better than none at all." Edgerton's ...Farm. (Copyright, 2908, by James A. Edgerton. This matter must not be reprinted with out special permission.] Up the Hudson. There Is something about a broad expanse of water that bewitches the soul. The scene reaches its greatest charm at sunset and takes on a mys tic character by moonlight It has been my fortune recently to come up the Hudson several evenings by boat. This is one of the experiences the gods on Olympus missed. If they were to return to the earth I am sure they would change their abode to the top of Mount Taurus In order that they might be in easy distance of a trip up the Hudson. No description can convey an idea of the majesty of the great river, skirt ed as it is by lovely shores, on which nestle pleasant villages, fine country seats, Palisades, mountains and his toric scenes. The river itself is really an arm of the sea, the tides flowing nearly to Albany and salt water ex-i tending above Peekskill, a distance of more than forty miles from the mouth. The Atlantic shore has been sinking for centuries, and the sea has thus in vaded the land. Arthur Brisbane once called the Hudson "a drowned river." At its widest points, in Tappan and Haverstraw bays, the Hudson is four miles from bauk to bank. For twenty miles along the west shore extend the abrupt Palisades. For more than ten miles up the east side lies the city of New York, which is continued in an almost unbroken line of suburbs by Yonkers, Irvington, Tarrytown, Ossi ning, Croton, Peekskill and other beau tiful villages almost to the Highlands, or forty miles of city, villages, ham lets and beautiful homes. The start of the trip has the Pali sades upon the left, and one imagines that nothing could be more beautiful. Then as the boat swings out into the Tappan Zee he is willing to admit that this is still better, but is now certain that nothing more charming can be found. He labors under this illusion until he threads his way into the High lands, and there he reaches the acme. I remember one sunset as it shone across Haverstraw bay. It is called a bay, but is only a very broad section of river. For miles the golden glory lay across the water. There is a spir itual suggestion in such a scene. I have never been able to determine just what it is. There is a hint of infinite pathways, a gleam of faroff goals. If all our dreams are not false and we have racial or individual memories antedating birth, perhaps this shining expanse brings reminiscences of other golden days. Why try to analyze the spell? It is one of those immortal things that elude definition. At such a time it is enough to be and to absorb. The sun is set ting over Stony Point, the Stony Point made illustrious by "Mad Anthony" Wayne during the Revolution. The serrated peaks above wear a tint that will never be reproduced by a paint er's brush. Back a little way we passed Sunnyside and Sleepy Hollow, that the pen of Irving made even more famous than the sword of Wayne did Stony Point. John D. Rockefeller now flourishes in the same neighbor hood, bringing a very gross form of wealth into a scene once made really rich by genius. Passing Stony Point and Verplank's, we are abreast of Peekskill. This old' village gave rise to Chauncey M. De Iew, but not his humor. That is still more ancient. Above Peekskill the river narrows into the Highlands. Bear mountain and Anthony's Nose overlook the gate way. Here the Hudson is like a suc cession of lakes In the mountains of Switzerland. On the night I am de scribing the moon had risen and was shining with a misty light over peaks and river. The dim radiance made the buildings on West Point look like tem ples of peace rather than of war. Old Cro'nest reared dark shoulders against the sky. This fine double mountain that the cadets at West Point practice shooting at and sometimes hit is said to be the scene of Joseph Rodman Drake's "Culprit Fay." It is probably true, as the fairies are still there. My little girl told me so. George P. Mor ris of "Woodman, Spare That Tree," fame also sang of Cro'nest, which greeted him every morning as he look ed across the river. Here, however, end both the High lands and my journey, and I am at home once more OR my little tucked in farm. A Divine Messenger. To me every new baby seems to come fresh from God and to bring with it a section of heaven. The Only Woman and myself have had five of these celestial visitors, the last having arrived on the shores of this world but recently. With each one the spell has seemed to grow, but the last has been a veritable divine messenger. It is not a mere fancy to say that every one about the place has felt the influence. Even the oldest boy, who is just In that uncertain territory between child hood and youth, has been willing to run errands and do little tasks without undue urging. Any one acquainted with boys at this age will realize that nothing but a miracle would effect such a result. We have all been moved by the spell, each in his own way. It is as though something had breathed on our better natures and brought them more actively Into everyday affairs. There has been an added amiability, We have been touched by the impulse of unselfishness, which, after all, is the most divine thing that comes to man. We know so little of the origin of a soul, if souls have an origin, so little of the mystery of life and the miracle of birth, that I stand in awe of a young baby and have an almost uncanny feeling as I look into Its eyes. There is an Impalpable atmosphere about it, as though it were fresh from the air of some eternal country, a breath of which it had brought with it from afar. To me every birth is in a way a divine JUST 5E£M3 BOONb TO INTO THAT ROOM! incarnation, some of the word~made flesh, some of the spirit uttering jtself in humanity. Thus, if we will receive them, our little ones are prophets sent from God to recall us to our own di vine heritage. Did we not look so much at the trivial we would see this truth shining to us in their baby faces and about their little forms. It Is a high privilege to bring a soul through the gate of life. I am not at all a devout man, but I feel almost like crossing myself when I think of that. I would all men and women in this age looked at it so. We need to learn the lesson of unselfishness, to see the di vine meaning of birth, the sacred char acter of parenthood. Who can toll the destiny wrapped up In a little child? Somewhere are bprtj the saviors of the world, the lofty souls that are to lead us to sweeter manners and better days. We never know but our little ones may have that higb calling. At any rate, they are God's children, and it is for this, if for noth Ing else, that we should cherish them. Charity. How little we know of each other! How are we misjudged each by each* How much that is highest and noblest Can find no expression in speech! How often we censure our brother And leave a dark cloud on his name When, could we but know, he's deserv ing Of charity rati.or an blame! In each is a nature unfathomed In each is an unexplored mine Of sentiment, wholesome and kindly. The trace of a something divine. In each, though the surface seems bar ren, The manner repellent and cold. Deep down in the bosom lie hidden The veins of the purest of gold. Judge not. for the trial, the temptation, The motive and heart are unknown. Judge not, for unseen is the battle Fought out in the silence alone. We see but the rough that is outward, The surface that's hardened with sin. We look at the shell uninviting And not at the storehouse within. Our brothers and sisters who struggle With circumstance, weakness and fiate Why should we not lift through com passion, Not trample with censure and hate? For none is so low but a kindness May help him his loss to retrieve. And all in their instincts are better Than others are prone to believe. There's gold where It least is suspected, Down deep in its fastness of stone. There's good in the heart of all crea tures, Pure yearnings that never are known. In each of our hearts Is a beauty, If we but had eyes and would see. In each is a storehouse of treasure, And love is its magical key. As a little Child. Memory Is the sanctuary of 4heJ soul. There do we go to worship. In it are stored our treasures. Out of the win dows of this temple we see green fields and running brooks. Through the hal lowed air that surrounds it we.hear old songs and loved voices. We look out upon the jmagic land of childhood, mel- low and hazy in tne distance, with the sunshine gloaming over it, and our minds go back to the words of the Christ, "Suffer little children to come unto me and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of heaven." Come with me and we will take the past by the hand and wander back to the old home. There is the broken gate. There is the house where we wrere born. The cedar trees are larger now. There Is the little brook bab bling over its pebbles. We have play ed in it many a day. There is the old barn where we used to hide in the hay and hunt hens' nests. There is the spring under the hill. How cool and quiet all is after the fever and bustle of the world! We hear the nuts fall ing on the leaves, the distant calling of a dove. In fancy we are boys and girls again, and our hearts are filled with an ineffable gladness. Everything is much the same, .yet, not everything. The old faces are gone. Then with a pang we turn away and the dream vanishes. The fever of life is In our veins, and the clamor of tho world is in our ears. Who can blame us that our eyes are full of tears? Who can blame us that in our hearts is the old inarticulate cry, "O God, that I were a little child again at my mother's knee?" Who can blame us that we turn to our work with a sigh? For we have met the tragedy of human life. We are growing old. One of the finest things to grow in our American soil is patriotism. I doubt if any one can really be patriotic who does not come close to nature. The air of the open country fills us with nation love. The time is coming when we may need some real patriot ism, and we should cultivate the crop now. After all, it is nature that teaches us all arts, even the art of govern ment. The equal treatment given to all by natural laws shows man a mod el for equal and exact justice in hu man laws. The need of the world is light—more light and yet more light—not knowl edge alone, but wisdom not reason alone, but inspiration. Genius may not be hard work, but the two make a good team. Neither works so well single. JAMES A. EDGERTON, Cold Spring-on-the-Hudson, N. Y. "Did you ever get over her mother's objection to you?" "Yes I told her that she looked as young as her daughter." "That caught the vain old lady, I suppose." "Easily, but it lost me the daugh ter."—Exchange. Diner—Here, waiter, this egg Isn't half cooked. The Waiter—Well, you didn't want It half cooked, did you? N E W W E S E I A By GEORGE McMANUS PITTY BABY COME BACK PLAY WiTrt PAPA! The Hunters. [Original.] Marcus Hunter was left an orphan when he was seven years old. He had no brothers or sisters, no home, no money, no anything. An uncle whe was well to flo took him to his house ftgnhist his wife's wishes, and the boy's life there was one of misery. When lie was seventeen the uncle died, and the aunt turned the boy out of the house. He found a position as clerk In a business house. In ten years he ret up for himself. His relatives who during this period had ignored him now began to nod pleasantly to him when they met him and invited him to their houses. The aunt, who had made life a burden to him, reminded him of the pleasant days that he had spent under her roof and how happy it had made her to be a mother to him. Just as Mark was getting on his feet in a business way a .commercial panic came on. He needed a littlo as sistance to tide him over the crisis and applied to those of his relatives who were able to help him. He began by telling them that he would like to talk over his affairs with them with a view to getting their advice. He got no further than this, for each and every one of them pronounced himself incompetent to advise him. This shut. the [ioor fellow off. as they intended. He failed. Then his relatives droppr-d him again. When the commercial .storm w.-is over Mark went to work for a uintj who was a business genius. ITo took a great fancy to his rlerk and pro moted him rapidly, finally making bi:ii second only to himself. Thou the em ployer died childless and left about all there was of I he business to his pro tege. Marcus died a multimillionaire. Just before his death he made a will, in which he directed that the house in which he had passed his lonely life he never married—should be closed by bis executor from the day of bis death till one week after the funeral, when an auction should take place of every thing it contained. No one was to be admitted to the sale except his rela tives. Since he left no direct heirs, most of the relatives were present at the read ing of the will, each hoping for a sub stantial remembrance. When they heard this singular provision and learned that the testator had left no legacy to any one of them they natu rally inferred that he had concluded to remember them by leaving their lega cies in different articles of furniture. But what a singular way! Ten thou sand dollars might be in a hollow cane, while but $1,000 had been placed in a rosewood desk. Yet the cane might be knocked down for a dollar, while the desk might bring_1100._Was there ever such a way devised for distributing millions of money? The will further stated that the amount realized from the sale was to he expended by the executor for a monument to the de ceased. When the day of the sale came around it was astonishing how many relatives Hunter had left behind him. There were Hunters innumerable both by name and in reality. A protest was made to the executor that many of them were not related to the testa tor and should not be admitted. But he argued that by the terms of the will the sale must take place then and there and there was no time to exam ine credentials. The crowd were kept waiting while articles were first sold that could not possibly contain anything, such as un covered crockery. On these there were only such bids as would serve to get them out of the way. But when It came to articles in which stacks of bills could be placed the bid ding became furious. As soon as an article was knocked down the buyer wished to get at it, but was informed that he could not have it till after the sale. The bidders had every variety of opinion as to what articles were most likely to contain large amounts, so that anything wooden or hollow brought excellent prices. A kitchen table with a drawer (locked and no key) brought $100. an upholstered sofa $200, a cane fishing rod $lo0. A stew pan with a hollow handle large enough to contain a dozen $1,000 bouds brought $275. One of the favorites was a plaster bust of Abraham Lin coln. Such busts are usually hollow, and this would naturally attract an Ingenious hide. It brought $055 and was the cause of a protracted quarrel between two different branches of Hunters. Well, the last article was finally knocked down, and buyers were told that they might take away their pur chases. A rush was made for the articles, but few were removed. Sev eral purchasers bad brought hammers and with these began to smash their articles." The signal was a crack on the head of Abraham Lincoln's bust, which dropped into a couple of dozen pieces. An exclamation of rage went up from the man who had paid the enormous price for It From that mo ment the crash of furniture, the rip ping of upholstery and the smashing of glass and stoneware were mingled with oaths and exclamations of disap pointment. Not a single article knock ed down by the auctioneer contained one cent or one cent's worth of prop erty. The next morning the newspapers announced that the late Marcus Hun ter had a few days before his death given away his whole property, $4, 000,000, to institutions for the poor. The Hunter monument is one of the handsomest In Sleepy Hollow ceme tery. FLORENCE NORTON.