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Strong Plea for County and Law Enforcement Opttion The speech of ex-Attorney General E. T. oung was a frank, forceful, and fearless analysis of the situation from the progressive Republican point ot uew. He said in part: "Your committee invited me to ad dress you on the subject of County Option and Law Enforcement. From the spirit which animates the dele gates who are present, and the deep seated feeling which prompted you to leaTe your homes and travel long distances in order to assemble here in this vast convention at the capital city of the state, I am satisfied that you are deeply and earnestly inter ested in both branches of the sub ject. You have not come here for pleasure, or as members of any fra ternal or social, or political organiza tion. But regardless of political, re ligious, or fraternal affiliations, you have assembled here in your capacity as citizens to protest against the domination of the liquor trust in the politics of this state and to demand needed reform in the handling of the liquor traffic. A Mdral Question. "Public sentiment when aroused in behalf of a just cause is an irresistible force in our public life and whether it be the oppressor or the debaucher of men against whom it is directed, his doom is sealed. I do not under stand that the question of the use of liquor by the individual is involved at all in your deliberations. The only question is the length to which the government should go in licensing public saloons. Liquor may be kept in their homes by people who want it. wholly irrespective of the licensed saloon. Whether people shall use liquor in their homes is a moral ques tion whether, and to what extent, the government shall license saloons where liquor may be publicly sold is a political question. "Governments are established among men for the protection of life, liberty and property, and the pro motion of the moral and material public welfare. Tht right of the gov ernment to regulate or suppress any thing which injuriously affects the life, health or morals of society cannot be questioned. Universal sentiment con cedes the right to regulate the liquor traffic, but as the use of liquor has been indulged in from the earliest historical times, reasonable men real ize that it cannot be peremptorily eradicated. "The process of eradication must be gradual. Laws for its regulation should never be in advance of rea sonable public sentiment, and ought to be so elastic that different rules can be applied to different communi ties, according to the sentiment of such communities. This state does not in my opinion favor absolute prohibition at this time. There are communities in this state where a considerable majority of the people favot public saloons under proper restrictions, and such communities should be permitted to have saloons until the sentiment changes. "For the same reason a community where a substantial majority of the people are opposed to the mainte nance of saloons for the sale of in toxicating liquors, should not be forced to have saloons against the will of that majority. Thoughtful people who take a broad view of things realize the necessity for pro gressing slowly in this matter, in order that their progress may be per manent, but they want to te going forward, not backward. What the Saloons Assert. "The population of this state is made up largely of immigrants from the North European countries. Our adopted citizens whether they be Scandinavians, Germans or British, vie with the natives in their loyalty and allegiance to our institutions. We have no foreign element in my opin ion that in any degrees interferes with our adopting a distintively American policy on this or any other subject. When we are told that political par ties dare not take up this or that theory for the regulation of the liquor traffic because this nationality or that nationality of foreign origin, will oppose it. I resent the statement as untrue in any broad sense. There is no foreign element among us that, as a class, claims the right to debauch American life or lower the standards of morality established by the ma jority of our people. Such argument is but the special pleading of the beneficiaries of the traffic, and be littles the foreign element on whose behalf it is urged They tell us that laws regulating the liquor traffic are sumptuary laws, undertaking to regu late what the citizen shall eat or drink or wear We say NO. Wear anything you please that will not re sult in indecency. Government does not care what you eat or drink so long as it does not deprive you of your senses. If you lose control of your mental faculties by sickness, government places you in an asylum if you undertake to rob yourself of your mental faculties by the use of intoxicating liquors, and thus volun tarily render yourself temporarily in sane through intoxication, govern ment, for its own protection should restrain you while intoxicated, and it has the right to prevent the estab lishment of licensed places where you can make voursclf intoxicated. In toxicating liquors cannot be classed with articles of ordinary food or drink they must be placed with morphine, cocaine and other dele* terious drugs, the use of which make men incapable of either governing or being governed In this country every man is invested with a part of the power of sovereignty. If any one citizen has an inherent right to ness should became the normal con dition of the people, the American government and American civilization would be entirely destroyed. The government must be sober, and for its own protection, as well as for the preservation of the moral well being of the people, it must exert its influ ence against intoxication, and against the means by which it is produced, and laws for the purpose are not sumptuary laws at all. The Brewers in Politics. "The sentiment of the people of the state of Minnesota has long been favorable to legislation designed to restrict the traffic in intoxicating liquor, and it has been and is in favor of the enforcement of the# laws al ready on the statute books regulating the business. For more than a quar ter of a century the liquor interests of the state have been unitedly op posed to turther restrictive legisla tion, and have particularly opposed what is known as county option. They have also brazenly violated every statute that has been passed for the regulation of the traffic, in most cases with the connivance and consent of the municipal officers. They have in many cases dictated the nomination and election of municipal officers, with the tacit understanding that the state liquor laws were not to be en forced. "We would expect the organized liquor forces, in the interests of self preservation to oppose additional re strictive liquor laws, and if they lim ited their opposition to the use of legitimate arguments no one could seriously object. But this haughty and lawless interest has not been con tent to thus limit its political effort. It has sought in this state to seize the reins of government and to dic tate the policy and control the nom inations made, by both political par ties, especially for legislative offices. Ham-Stringing the Legislature. "They maintain in the large cities able and well paid lob bies organized solely for the purpose of controlling the ac tion of political parties, secur ing the nomination of their friends, and dictating party platforms. There were many good and able men in the last legislature, but the body was dominated by men whose nominations were dictated by the brewing interests of the state, so that we had the spec tacle of a leading brewer dictat ing the size of appropriations for the state university, and determining where our normal schools should be located. "County Option in that body was a joke and a byword, The decent sentiment of the state was spurned and this meeting is the result. "The individual voices of protest crying in the wilderness, have been united to unite here. The voice of this convention will be of sufficient volume to reach the uttermost parts of the state and will bring hope and encouragement to every man who wants political debauchery to end, and who wants the powers of govern ment restored to the hands of the people. Let the People Rule. "All that the advocates of county option ask is that the question of license or no license be submitted, in any county that desires it, to a vote of the people of that county. We supposed that the forefathers es tablished a government in which the majority had the right to rule. "If it is unsafe to trust the people we had better aban don our system at once. The brewers say it is not safe to trust the people that the right to vote on this question should not be given to them. We have been taught from our childhood that the voice of the people is supreme. It is an old saying that 'The voice of the people is the voice of God.' With some of the members of the last legislature ir the voice of the brewers seemed to be the voice of God—and the voice of the people could not be heard. Duty of Republican Party. "The Republican party must meet this and other great issues face to face and declare its position on them. It must take the organization of the party out of the hands of hired representa tives of special interests. The dele gates to the party to the next con vention must come down as free and independent men they must partici pate in the councils of the party and assume that leadership which belongs to the majority and not be longer led around by the noses by a dictatorial and pestiferous subsidized minority gathered together from the storm centers of reaction. "The party cannot assume the contradictory position of being for and against county option. Such an attitude may get a campaign contribution from the brewers, but it will no longer satisfy temperance people. "Charity suffereth long and is kind, but hope deferred maketh the heart ,sick. This kind of politics has been handed out for lo these many years. If in fact, the Republican party is afraid to say where it stands on this anestion, then it has ceased to be the militant exponent of reform which the people demand. If it is unsafe for the republican party to state its be drunk either part of the time or all position on this question it must be of the time, so has every# other citi-1 because a majority of the people of zen t^e ^rnr rifht. nnd if drunken-t the state are onpn=pd to liquor rec:u- THE RESOLUTIONS The Committee on Resolutions, made up of Representative Kerry E Conly of Rochester, A. C. French of Hills, Osmond Wing of Kenyon, Ex-Attorney General E. T. Young of St. Paul, D. Swenson of Minneapolis, Representative C. J. Carlson of Cokato, Hon. J. Jacobson of Madison, L. A. Marvin of Duluth and Representative John Saugstad of Climax, submitted the fol lowing which were adopted unanimously: WHEREAS, The unrestricted liquor traffic is today the most evil influence upon the moral and social health of the community, and is a constant and serious obstacle to the best economic development of the State and, WHEREAS, The organization maintained by the liquor dealers of the state and nation is a standing menace to the public welfare, being a power which for purposes of sordid gain seeks to control and corrupt the political affairs of town and city, state and nation, forming for its own selfish ends unscrupulous alliances with any and all of the predatory interests that are active in corrupting public officials, defeating proper legislation and enacting vicious measures against the public interest and, WHEREAS, Under our form of government the county is the primary unit for the suppression of crime directly and indirectly trace able to the liquor traffic, and is the only judicial and administrative unit endowed with the power to deal with the cases arising under our liquor laws, and is further the primary unit of taxation for bearing the heavy burdens caused by its ravages and, WHEREAS, We believe that the people who must suffer the wrongs and bear the burdens of this evil ought to have an enlarged power to deal with its dangers according to the deliberate judgment of the com munity in which these dangers manifest themselves, thus assuring to themselves a just and proper measure of self government. Be it therefore RESOLVED, That we, members of the County Option Convention of Minnesota, meeting on March 2nd, 1910, in the City of St. Paul, representing civic, religious and political organizations in all parts of the state, being members of various political parties, but dominated by a primary interest in the earliest possible passage of an effective County Option measure by the legislative authorities of this state, DO HEREBY appeal to the political parties of the State of Minne sota in their approaching County and State Conventions, to declare themselves definitely upon this issue. And we pledge ourselves indi vidually and collectively to use our utmost energies in our respective election districts for the election of such delegates only to our party! conventions as will aggressively support the insertion of a County Option plank our party platforms. And we pledge ourselves further to support exclusively such candidates for state executive and legis lative offices as are known to be in thorough sympathy with the pro posed County Option legislation, and in order that this pledge may be made effective in the contingencies that may arise, be it RESOLVED, That the chairman of this convention appoint within ten days of this day and date a County Option State Central Committee to consist of twenty-seven members, three from each congressional dis trict, he, the chairman, to constitute one of the three members from his district, and in addition the state superintendent and legislative superin tendent of the Anti-Saloon league said committee to be charged with the duty of so arranging the County Option Campaign throughout the state that candidates favoring our cause may be nominated and elected, that party platforms may contain unequivocal declarations in favor of a County Option law and further said committee shall, after the various party conventions have formulated their platform and selected their candidates, take suitable measure for the support of those favoring our cause, or, in the event of the failure of the party conventions to take favorable action, the committee is hereby instructed to take such other steps as will in its judgment, best insure the realization of the legis lative reform that is our supremeinterest in this campaign. JAKE HITS HARD J. F. Jacobson Has Some Heavy Blows for the Brewery Combine Hon. J. F. Jacobson was introduced as "the man who would rather be right than be governor." There was no mistaking his position. He took a firm stand for county option and backed it up with a plain recital of how the breweries accomplish the corruption and control of law-making bodies. He said in part: "We realize that there is a reason at this particular time why the people of Minnesota should fight harder than ever before, and why? Because the liquor interests, while they have al ways been in favor of their own traf fic, have now become more per nicious in their activity than they ever dreamed of being years ago. They have done things in the last ten years that Hamm himself would have been ashamed of before that time. Formerly they contented themselves with allowing the people at home to nominate and elect whom they saw fit for the legislature, and then took their chance of debauching and buy ing them after they got there. How It Is Done Now. "But the new method is not to de bauch the member himself, but to go to the fountain head, the voters, and distribute their funds so as to nomin ate and elect a certain man, and then they don't ha\e to buy him after he goes into the legislature, because they bought him before he was elected. "Formerly the method of the liquor interests was to help along the lation. If that were true, the repub lican party would have been long ago wiped off the slate, because it was through republican legislatures that our present reasonably good laws were obtained. It is because of that legislation that liquor partisans have been voting against the republican party for many years. By catering to the liquor interests which are hope lessly opposed to their party, the al leged leaders of the republican party are simply playing traitor. From the standpoint of practical politics, and regardless of the question of right or wrong, they are making the fatal mistake of disappointing their friends and playing into the hands of their enemies, without reward in votes, whatever the reward may be in money. "But let the republican party be rescued from the control of the emissaries of reaction, let it have a new birth in its or ganization and it will again in this state shine out as the in domitable exponent and cham pion of rational progress and reform in the domain of tem perance legislation and in all other lines where the rights of the people need an open fear less champion." I* "1 men that they suspected would be friendly to their interests after they got there. But they didn't require anything else of them except that they should pledge themselves to vote against County Option. They were kind enough to allow a member to vote as he pleased on every other question. That continued for about four years, but it wasn't entirely sat isfactory to the interests, and they formulated a new plan, and to illus trate this new plan I want to tell a little story of an incident that took place in one of the legislative districts of this State. '"One of the members in the Legis lature represented a county in which the public sentiment is no doubt in favor of the saloon interests of this state. I think it is fair to say that. He realized that and hence he voted against County Option. Personally I believe he would like to see it be come a law. He thought everything was all right and he voted on every subject as he felt for the best inter ests of the state, and he made a splendid member, one that we could honor anywhere but he went home and asked for re-election, and what do you suppose he found? Even after he had voted against County Option ?i Why, he found that the liquor inter ests in his district had united to de feat him. He told me he couldn't understand it. I saw him just before election. He said he didn't see why the brewers and saloon keepers of the county should fight him because he had voted upon that question as they wanted him to. 'But.' I said, 'you haven't heard of the new and improved method. They are going to nominate a man from your district that is not only right upon that ques tion but whom they can trade off all through the session on every ques tion.' "That is the revised method. Dur ing the last ten years the saloon in terests have never elected a majority of the legislature. Hence they have had to unite their representatives with those elected by other interests in order to win out. More About 8 to 1. "One of the first moves made im mediately after election, was to^selects a Speaker of the House. The Lieu-i tenant Governor had been fixed at the' State Convention, and they only had to consider the matter of the speaker ship. "The principal thing that they de4 mand of a Speaker is the nomination of the members of the temperance committee. That committee was formed over 35 years ago in recogni tion of the temperance sentiment thatt existed in the State at that time. In other words, this committee was cre-j ated with the expectation that it would be especially favorable to tem perance legislation but how has it worked out? "When we took the very first vote in the Senate temperance committee appointed by the presiding officer of the Senate who had pledged himself before election that 'the temperance people should get fair treatment, there were 8 votes against County Option, and only one for it. Whiskey for Your Friends. "I have known many good, square, honest young men. that were sober and industrious at home, who have gone down to the legislature with the best intentions, intending to carry out the wishes of their constituents and serve the best interests of the State but they met too many 'good fel- $ 3 mmtfnnfMMrMl •iVlWmMiimmiim lows.' In both houses the liquor in terests have an agent he is not the salesman of the liquor interests, of course. He doesn't sell beer and champagne or any of those other things that I do .not remember the names of, but he is appointed and paid a good salary to see that none of the members suffer for any great length of time on account of drouth. They send booze to the rooms of the members some of whom will pro test: 'God bless you, I have never tasted liquor in all my life.' lOh. that is nothing,' the brewery agent will answer. 'I never drink either but some of your friends use the stuff. Just entertain your friends,' and it is wonderful how much the member's friends will consume in one session. Blackmailing Members. "When they have had about 60 days of this kind of thing, the honest mem bers, the new members from the country, naturally drift into a class of society and into places that they would not care to have mentioned. What takes place when a fellow has gotten into that condition? It works like this: the brewery agents have but to say to Mr. So-and-So: 'Don't you remember where you were on such a night? Do you remember what you did at such a time? Now, if you don't vote just the way we tell you, we will expose you.' Is it any wonder that some of those bills have failed of passage? "They have asked us what we ex pect to do. We expect to elect the next Speaker of the House. We will say to the enemy on the other side: 'You cannot nominate a Lieutenant Governor of this State this time who says that he will give us fair treat ment before election, and gives us one out of nine after election." LOBECK FOR COUNTY OPTION Prohibition Representative From Douglas County Delivers Tell ing Speech. Representative E. E. Lobeck, one of the prohibition members of the House, said in part: "There is one man who has been roasted very hard here today because of the 'eight to one' proposition. I shall not say anything against him or about him only this. I see the face of a minister down here before me today. He talked to me last winter down in the Capitol Cafe. When we were sitting there at that time the lieutenant governor came in and this minister said: 'Now you bet he shall get it in the neck.' He approached the lieutenant governor at once and asked him why he appointed such a temperance committee in the Senate. 'What will become of the County Op tion bill if it comes into the Senate with such a committee as you have appointed there?' 'Well,' said Mr. Eberhart, 'if the County Option bill passes the House and comes into the Senate I shall have it referred to the Committee on Pure Foods and Public Health.* Too Much Bad Whiskey. "I know of ntfen who got liquor all through the session two years ago. Every one that wanted to have it they had it all through the session. One member of the temperance com mittee left three or four days before the session was over. I asked what became of that man and someone said he got sick from bad whiskey and had to go to bed and had to stay in bed two whole weeks because of the bad whiskey he had taken in. An other man was sagging down in his seat and was snoring like thunder during the proceedings, so you can understand how he could fol'ow things up. "They told me that still another man forgot completely that he had a wife at home and borrowed another man's wife. "Those are a few of the samples of the kind of men sent down to the law making body to make laws for the state of Minnesota. They will have to be cleaned out. and I hope, judging from the temper of this audience here that we shall leave many of those at home and elect men to go down there who dare to do what is right before God and man." Great Georgian Says Battle Must Be Won Thru County Option. We regret that space will not permit of comment on the other addresses made during the day and evening of the convention, but those not discussed here will be reviewed in the Minnesota Issue, the official organ of the Anti-Saloon League. Among these will be the speeches of Prof. A. J. McGuire, Repre sentative G. H. Mattson, Hon. F. N. Stacy, Rev. Father James Reardon and" the big address of the meeting by Hon. Seaborn Wright of Georgia. One point in Mr. Wright's speech made a distinct impression. He em phasized county option as the only logical means of dealing with the liquor interests and based his argument on his own experience and observations in the South. In this connection he said: "I say to you you will never win in iny state in the other until you get this great law and found your fight upon it. The county is the unit. It gives to the strong, virtuous and intelli gent men of your county the right to be heard. It puts your farmers in line with your city people. It disfranchises no man. It gives every man within the limit of your county as a unit the right of American citizenship, and it does more than that, it gives to the people of the county as a unit the old right that our fathers fought and died for— the right of local self government. "Whenever you deny the county to vote as a unit on this proposition, then when that right is denied you have re versed one of the fundamental prin ciples upon which our government was built—that there shall be no taxation without representation.. "We went upon that idea in the South. In every single southern state dry tonight, we built uoon that County Local Option, and before we even dreamed of going into state prohibi- areame going into state promm y«u «_« ••*. *wu ""•"X"V. tion. we had eliminated the saloon from" solid rock of County Option. EBERHARTS STA! Governor Refuses To Commit Himself on County Option. Governor Eberhart was given an opportunity to state where he stoo on county option, but he dodged the issue, and attempted to jusitfy his position of neutrality by claiming A that it was purely a legislative ques tion and that he had no right to seem to influence his party toward either side of the controversy, but mustfl wait until after the republican plat-ft form had been adopted. This parti-lp san attitude was in striking contrast*^ to the position taken by such republi can leaders as Young and Jacobson, and did not at all satisfy the con vention. Governor Eberhart's State ment. "The County Option move ment is sc non-partisan move ment, and every delegate to this convention is commis sioned as a non-partisan dele .gate. I have been requested to state to this convention what shall be my position as to County Option, and conse quently what, in my opinion, should be the position of the Republican party with refer ence thereto. "Every fair minded person will admit that my declaration at this time as to whether I shall or shall not favor Coun ty Option in this state will force me to make that declar ation good in the Republican state convention, or be elimi nated from its consideration, it means that I must use the office of the chief executive of this state to force the Re publican state convention to adopt my view, irrespective of what the majority might de sire. In other words, it would compel me to use the execu tive department of this state to attempt to dictate to the Republican party its position on this question, which is neither right nor in keeping with our ideas of popular or party government. "The forcing of the execu tive department of this state into the County contest means even more than that. Under our constitution the legislative and executive departments are entirely distinct and independ ent, and any undue interfer ence on the part of the chief executive in matters of legis lation-is not only wrong in principle, but disastrous in re suits. "I am well aware that where a political party has pledged itself to the enactment of cer tain reforms it is not only per missible but proper for the chief executive representing that party to urge legislative action to carry out such re forms, but in advance of any such declaration by a political party or by the people at large, the chief executive has no right to use the influence of his office to dictate legislation. "If my declaration at this time for or against County Op tion does not mean what I have stated, then it means merely a play to the galleries for the purpose of satisfying one side or the other, a posi tion altogether unworthy of anyone occupying the highest gift of the people. '"There is only one conse quence which my entry into the County Option fight would make certain, and that is such a division within the ranks of the Republican party as would redound solely to the advan tage of the opposition. No one has been able to suggest any benefits to the County Option movement which my declara tion at this time would bring about, but on the other hand, judging from past experience, it is safe to assume that it would result in the division and possible defeat of a party which has given us all the tern perance legislation now on our statute books. "I have given this matter very careful consideration and .* sincerely and earnestly believe that it is my duty to await and support the platform of the Republican party, and in case a County Option law is passed by the legislature while I am governor, it will receive my approval and together with all other laws of the state be en forced." nine-tenths of the counties of the differ ent states, and gentlemen, you will be driven to it in the West. I say to you here tonight, ''after thirty years' experi ence, and after three years' contact with your people in the greftt West, that all that you people need is County Local Option to sweep the netire West from one end to the other. "That right was given to Ohio, and in the limit of three months, four-fifths of the saloons were abolished. It was given to the people in old Indiana and 63 of her 80 counties fell in line within the limit of three months. You may get it in your great state, and I am sure in that case that the majority of your counties will fall in line within the limit of a single year. "It is on this rock that this great movement must be founded. Whenever the temperance element in your state turns its back upon the great funda mental principle of County Option it means the ultimate death of this splendid movement in your state. You can no more—and I say it because my heart is in it—you can no more carry ,this state for prohibition tonight than you can fly. You mustbuiTd upon the •tm Ms"