Newspaper Page Text
By The Tribune Printing Co.
Most Important Happen
ings Told in Brief.
Colonel Frank O. Lowden made a
formal announcement of his retire
ment from Illinois politics. He will
not seek a renomination for congress
the Thirteenth (Freeport) district
in the coming Republican primaries.
Ill health is the reason given by
Colonel Lowden for his retirement.
Senator 'Eugene Hale of Maine de
clares he will not seek reelection to
succeed himself. This decision fol
lowing closely upon the positive an
nouncement by Senator Aldrich of
Rhode Island that he would retire at
the end 01 his term had a stunning
effect on the upper house of congress.
Miss Mary Katherme Letterman, a
translator the diplomatic bureau
of the state department, has been ap
pointed secretary to Mrs Taft to suc
ceed Miss Maiy D. Spiers, resigned.
Corporal Albert Myer, Jr., of the sig
nal corps, United States army, sta
tioned at Fort Myer, near Washing
ton, is a millionaire. Recently he
passed an examination for promotion
After serving 17 days as social sec
retary to Mrs. Taft in the White
House at Washington Miss Mary D.
Spiers has resigned and has resumed
ier duties in the war department.
Anthony J. Drexel, Jr., of Philadel
phia, and Miss Marjorie Gould, eldest
daughter of George Jay Gould, were
married in New York.
It is announced authoritatively by
General Brayton, the Republican lead
er of Rhode Island, that Senator Aid
rich under no circumstances will be a
candidate for re-election to the United
States senate. Poor health is given
as the cause.
Rosalind Norris, a New York so
ciety girl, who was so badly burned
by gasoline in an automobile collision
that she cannot wear a low-necked
gown, has been awarded $20,000 dam
ages from the Metropolitan Street
Thomas J. Loftus, one of the most
famous baseball players and managers
of history, died at Dubuque, la. He
had been suffering from cancer of the
tongue for some weeks. Loftus was 54
years of age.
Ralph Owens, 27 years old, of Mem
phis, Tenn., who was taken to a hos
pital four months ago with a broken
neck, of which he was unaware, was
discharged as cured.
Waldorf Astor, son of William Wal
dorf Astor, and recent candidate for
member of the house of commons for
Plymouth, England, has offered the
National Association for the Preven
tion of Tuberculosis an unlimited sum
to fight tuberculosis.
A normal Republican plurality of
8,000 in Monroe county, N. Y., was
changed to a 5,000 Democratic plu
rality when James S. Havens (Dem.)
was elected to congress from the
Thirty-second district over George W.
The administration forces, led by
the president general, were sustained
in their first contest with the oppo
sition in the nineteenth continental
congress of the National Society of
the Daughters of the American Revo
lution at Washington.
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt was
greeted in the Hungarian house of
parliament by Count Apponyi in
these words: "To the world you not
only represent a maker of peace, but
you are also the greatest and most
efficient force for the moral regenera
tion of the liberty loving world. To
day, though a private citizen, you are
getting the reception of a ruler, but
differing from the reception of kings,
because yours springs spontaneous
from the hearts of the people."
Before a large audience Attorney
James A. Reed made the opening ad
dress for the state in the trial of Dr.
B. C. Hyde for the slaying of Colonel
Thomas H. Swope at Kansas City.
Dr. George T. Twyman, physician of
the Swope family and one of the prin
cipal witnesses against Dr. Hyde, died
last evening from an operation. The
death of Dr. Twyman is a heavy blow
to the state in the case it has pre
pared against Dr. Hyde.
Stock subscriptions to the New Or
leans exposition in 1915, to commemo
rate the completion of the Panama
canal, have reached $500,000.
Police at San Jose, Cal., stopped a 1
endurance contest of dancers after a
record of 19 hours and 38 minutes had
Isabelle Roper, six-year-old daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Luther Roper of Ho
bart, Ind., is in a critical condition at
her home, the result of being attacked
while playing near the barn by a fight
ing rooster. The child was knocked
down by the bird, which drove its
spurs into her face.
At a conference in the offices of the
Lackawanna railroad a strike of the
conductors, trainmen, engineers and
firemen of the whole system was
averted only by the decision of Gener
al Superintendent Clarke to abide by
the award of the New York Central
Almost the first thing that Col. Theo
dore Roosevelt did after reaching Vi
enna was to brand as a fake a state
ment that he had consented to be a
candidate for the presidency again.
The statement this time was con
tained in the Paris HeraJ/1, which
quoted one of its correspbndenis.
The river and harbor bill, carrying
an appropriation of about $52,500,000,
was passed by the senate. There were
no material amendments, but there
was considerable debate over various
When Col. Theodore Roosevelt de
parted from Budapest for Paris he
was given a great sendoff by the
cheering crowds which required spe
cial police arrangements to hold them
The contest centered around Miss
Mary R. Wilcox, recording secretary
general, who, after a parliamentary
wrangle, was censured by the con
gress for issuing a circular criticizing
Mrs. Matthew T. Scott, the president
general of the society, in her dismis
sal of Miss Agnes Gerald, a clerk at
Continental hall, for alleged insubor
With two of her daughters nestling
at her side, on their childish faces
the tranquillity of the last sleep Mrs.
Nellie McNamara, wife of a fire de
partment captain, was found dead of
asphyxiation in her home. The chil
dren, Mamie McNamara, 14 years old,
and Helen 12 years old, were fully at
tired, as was their mother.
A coroner's jury returned a verdict
of suicide while temporarily insane.
A vigorous attack on Chicago med
ical experts employed by the state,
severe criticism of the methods pur
sued by the prosecution in gathering
evidence, and a general denial of ev
ery charge made by the state against
Dr. B. C. Hyde marked the opening
statement of Frank P. Walsh, chief
counsel for the defense in the Swope
murder trial at Kansas City.
A dispatch from Prague says that
the twin sisters Blazek, known as the
successors of the famous Siamese
twins, recently entered a hospital
there, where Wosa, one of the sisters,
became the mother of a boy.
Prof Herschel C. Parker of Colum
bia university will leave New York
Sunday next for Seattle on the first
leg of the trip to the top of Mount
McKinley. Waldemar Grassi, a Colum
bia university junior, and H. L.
Tucker of Appalachian club will ac
In spite of the declaration of peace
between the Philadelphia Rapid Trans
it company and its employes, strike
sympathizers continued dynamiting
cars in the northeastern section of the
city. Two women were injured.
Schoolgirls of New York's wealthy
families spend an average of $900
yearly, according to a report by Miss
Inez Weed, an expert, former dean of
the woman's college of the University
of Washington at Seattle.
After wrecking a trolley car and the
wagon to which it was hitched a
horse injured five men, occupants of
the wagon, at Springfield, O, then ran
onto a railway trestle in front of an
engine where, its leg being broken, it
Miss Ida Bowen, who was a relative
of George Washington and a great
granddaughter of Mme. Jumel of revo
lutionary fame, committed suicide in
a hospital for the insane at Morris
Plains, N. J.
The China-Japan mail train, which
left San Francisco over the Southern
Pacific railway for the east, was held
up by two masked men at Sprig, two
miles east of Benicia, Cal, and robbed
of nine pouches of registered mail.
The train carried no express matter.
Four of the pouches were recovered,
but the robbers rifled the others and
are hiding in the hills and canyons be
tween Martinez and Oakland.
Hungary capitulated to Colonel
Roosevelt. The surrender commenced
when he reached Wohznoy, and con
tinued in every village and town
passed, climaxing with a tremendous
outburst at Budapest. Thousands had
waited for hours in a torrential rain.
When he appeared upon the platform
they let loose enthusiasm such as
never was given before in the dual
kingdom, either to king or citizen.
Attorney General Wickersham has
ordered action against th« cotton
gamblers of New York and other big
cities. Under his orders subpoenas
were issued against a number of per
sons not named who are suspected of
having information concerning a pool
that has been formed to drive up the
price of cotton, and the federal grand
jury in New York will listen to the
testimony with a view to bringing in
indictments that will break up the
Three mail clerks were killed when
Illinois Central flyer No. 2 from New
Orleans to Chicago was burned near
Jackson, Miss., after having left the
rails and plunged down a 15-foot em
bankment. Railway officials suspect
a wrecker's plot.
With the receipt of a kmdiy and
thoroughly good-natured letter from
President Taft, the convention of
woman suffragists emerged smilingly
from the cloud left on the gathering
by the hissing episode. The president
hastened to assure the women that ho
harbored no ill feeling as the result
of the experience, and hoped that it
soon would be forgotten.
United States Senator Leroy Percy
has demanded that the validity of his
election be submitted to the people
of Mississippi and has challenged for
mer Gov. James K. Vardaman, his
leading opponent, to enter a primary
election in November.
Montclair, N. J., believes that pros
perity has come to stay. There are no
poor left in the township and the au
thorities have decided to abolish the
President Taft was hissed while de
livering an address of welcome at the
convention of the American Woman
Suffrage association. The manitesta
tion of disapproval was not unani
mous, but it was pronounced It inter
rupted the president's speech, but did
not discomfort him. He waited a few
seconds for the feminine sibilant of
reproach to subside and then finished
what he had to say.
In delivering a scathing denuncia
tion of the American Sugar Refining
company in the house of representa
tives Representative Rainey of Illinois
did not hesitate to make bo'd sugges
tions concerning "that most corrupt
and rotten trust ever created by the
protective tariff system" and Presiden*
Taft, Attorney General Wickershair
and Henry W. Taft. brother of the
Warrants for payment of more thar
$4,000,000, awarded to nearly 30,00$
Cherokee Indians by the court ol
claims, will be forwarded from tbi
treasury department at Waablnglg^
-j ,™'?^^'^5^^V "&*?
Sr ,, COPYRIGHT 190*
SAMUEL L. CLEMENS GOES TO
JOIN HIS FRIENDS, ROGERS,
LAFFEN AND GILDER.
THE END COMES WITHOUT PAIN
Writer Never Recovered From Blow
of His Daughter's Death.—Pre
dicted the End on Way From
Redding, Conn., April 22.—Samuel
Langhorn Clemens, "Mark Twain,"
died painlessly of angina pectoris. He
lapsed into coma at 3 o'clock in the
afternoon and never recovered con
It was the end of a man outworn by
grief and acute agony of body.
Wednesday was a bad day for thepublishers.
little knot of anxious watchers at the
bedside. For long hours the grey,
aquiline features lay mounded in the000,
inertia of death, while the pulse sank
lower and lower, but late at night
Mark Twain passed from stupor into
the first natural sleep he had known
since he returned from Bermuda and
he woke refreshed, even faintly cheer
ful, and full possession of all his1895-6
He recognized his daughter, Clara
(Mrs. Ossip Gabrilovitch), spoke a ra
tional word or two and feeling himself
unequal to conversation wrote out in
pencil: "Give me my glasses."
They were his last words.
Laying them aside he sank first into
reverie and later into final uncon
At the deathbed were only Mrs. Ga
brilovitch, her husband Dr. Robert
Halsey, Dr. Quintard, Albert Bigelow
Paine, who will write Mark Twain's
biography and the two trained nurses.
Restoratives, digitilas, strychnine
and camphor—were administered but
the patient failed to respond.
Mark Twain did not die in anguish.
Sedatives soothed his pain but in his
moments of consciousness the mental
depression persisted. On the way up
from Bermuda he said to Albert Bige
low Paine, who had been his constant
companion in illness: "This is a bad
job we'll never pull through with it."
Last summer his walks began to fal
ter, last fall they ceased for good. The
death of H. Rogers was a severe
blow the death of his daughter who
was seized with an attack of epilepsy
last fall while in her bath, was an add
ed blow from which he never recov
ered. It was then that the stabbing
pains in the heart began.
Mark Twain died as truly as it can
be said of any man, of a broken
When he heard of the successive
deaths of his two friends, William M.
Laffen, of the Sun, and R. W. Gilder,
editor of the Century, he said sadly:
"How fortunat* they are no good for-
It's Up to Gotch Now.
Now that the question of supremacy
between Zbyszko, the giant Pole and
Mahmout, the Turkish wrestler, has
been answered, Frank Gotch, cham
pion of the world, will carry out his
promise to meet the winner of that
match. In Zbyszko, who threw Mah
mout twice. Gotch acknowledges he
will have an opponent who is likely
to give him much trouble. Few more
powerful men have ever been seen
in the mat game in this country-than
the Pole, and it will take all of
SAMUEL LANGH0RNE CLEMENS
tune of that kind ever comes to me
Mark Twain was born Samuel Lang
home Clemens in Florida, Mo., on
November 30, 1835.
Educated only in the public schools,
he was aprenticed to a printer at 13
and worked at his trade in St. Louis,
Cincinnati, Philadelphia and New
York, until at 18 he could gratify a
boyish ambition to become cub to a
Mississippi river pilot. Both these
happenings reacted profoundly on his
His knowledge of river life, acquired
when he was a pilot, took form in
"Tom Sawyer," "Huckleberry Finn,"
and "Life on the Mississippi,"v re
garded as his surest title to fame. It
even suggested his pseudomymn, for
"Mark Twain" is a linesman cry to
the pilot in shallow stages.
In 1872 he had married Miss Olivia
L. Langdon, of Elmira, N. Y., whothe
brought him an independent fortune.
At that time his writings were in grow
ing demand, he had an assured income,
his own home and seemed a fixture.
But in 1885 his popularity as an author
and his acquaintance with the me-turned
chanics of the publishing trade—be
sides being a practical printer, he had
been part owner of the Buffalo Ex
press before his marriage—drew him
into the firm of C. L. Webster & Co.,
The firm brought out the memoirs
of Gen. Grant and paid his widow $350,
but its prosperity was short lived,
and it failed with liabilities of $96,000.
Failure Takes Twain's Cash.
The failure had already sucked in
$65,000 of Mark Twain's cash, but he
determined also to shoulder the debts
and to pay them off, undertook in
a lecture trip around the world.
Four children were born to Mark
Twain, of whom two, a son and a
daughter, died early. One other daugh
ter, Jean, who had been an invalid for
life, was found dead her bathtub last
fall in her home at Redding, Conn.
Her tragic death greatly saddened her
father who declined in health from
that moment. A third daughter, Clara,
is Mrs. Ossip Gabrilovitch, wife of the
pianist, whom she married last year.
GOTHAM GROWTH A MILLION.
Census Enumerators Make Prediction:
As To Population of City.
New York, Apr. 22.—New York City
has increased more than 1,000,000 in
population in ten years. This is the
tale the census enumeration is begin
ning to tell. The most optimistic of
the enumerators place 5,000,000 as the
mark New York City will reach, but
the more conservative place the total
at 4,500,100. Manhattan borough
shows the least gain."
Tongs to Sign a Peace Pact.
New York, April 22.—A proclama
tion was posted in Chinatown to the
effect that a treaty of peace between
the See Sing tong or Four Brothers
company, and the On Leong tong
would be signed in the Chinese con
sulate in the presence of Dr. Ou Shou
Tchun, first secretary of the Chinese
legation at Washington, and the con
sul, Yung Yu Yang. Before the proc
lamation had been up 15 minutes it
was partly torn down, apparently by
"gun men" dissatisfied with the idea
of having peace.
Gotch's science and strength to over
come this advantage. The matcn
probably will take place in Chicago
"Dummy" Taylor Signs Contract.
"Dummy" Taylor is no longer a
holdout with the Buffalo eastern
Tannehill Off Holdout List.
Jesse Tannehill has tired of hold
ing out and has signed a contract with
the Minneapolis American asociation
St. Paul. Hennepin county will
have 111 delegates in the demo
cratic state convention, Ramsey coun
ty 78 and St. Louis county 39. The
apportionment of delegates has notNot
been determined, but the plan pre
sented to the democratic state central
committee by John King, state librar
ian, met with the approval of the
members. It is based on one delegate
for each 250 votes cast for John A.
Johnson in November, 1908, and ina
addition each county is to have three
delegates-at-large, making a total of
947. Hennepin county loses six from
its representation of two years ago.
Up to Executive Committee.
The apportionment will be made by
the executive commimttee which will
be appointed by Frank A. Day. This
committee also will fix the time and
place of the convention, but will select
either Aug. 17 or 24.
Frank Nelson, of Duluth, who at
tended the meeting, announced that
he is about ready to declare himself
a candidate for congress against
Clarence B. Miller. He has made no
formal announcement, but expects to
get into the race.
The county representation which
Mr. King proposes and which the
members of the committee believe
will be adopted is as follows:
Aitkin, 7, Anoka, S, Becker, 9, Bel
$fal?l, 9, Benton, 7, Big Stone, 7, Blue
Earth, 15, Brown 11, Carlton, 7, Carv
er, 10, Cass, 6, Chippewa, 7, Chisago,
9, Clay, 9, Clearwater, 5, Cook 4,
Cottonwood 6 Crow Wing 8, Dakota,
13, Dodge, 6 Douglas, 10, Faribault, 8.
Fillmore, 9, Freeborn, 9, Goodhue, 13,
Hennepin, 111, Houston, 7,
Hubbard, 6, Isanti, 8 Itasca, 9, Jack
son, 8, Kanabec, 5 Kandiyohi, 10,
Koochiching, 6, Kittson, 7, Lac
Parle. 6, Lake, 5, Le Sueur, 12, Lincoln,
7, Lyon, 8, McLeod, 11, Mahnomen, 4,
Marshall, 9, Martin, 9, Meeker, 10,
Mille Lacs, 6, Morrison, 12, Mower, 9,
Murray, 7, Nicollet, 9, Nobles, 9,
Norman, 6, Olmstead, 12, Otter Tail
18, Pine, 9, Pipestone, 6, Polk, 15,
Pope, 6, Ramsey, 78, Red Lake, 9, Red
wood, 9, Renville, 31, Rice, 13, Rock, 6,
Rosseau, 6, St Louis, 39, Scott, 11
Sherburne 6, Sibley, 11, Stearns. 23
Steele, 9, Stevens, 6, Swift, 8, Todd, 10
Traverse, 7, Wabasha, 12, Wadena 6
Waseca, 9, Washington, 12, Waton
wan, 7, Wilkin 6, Winona, IS, Wright
12, Yellow Medicine, 7.
TWO MINN. EDITORS BURNED.
Oil Causes Trouble at Hayfield and
Gasoline at Eveleth.
Hayfield R. Russell, editor
of the Hayfield Guard, is dead
Mr. Russell's body is one mass of
burns and is the result of an attempt
to start a fire in his office with kero
While pouring the oil on the fire the
can slipped into the stove and explod
ed and his entire body was engulfed in
flames. The building and machin
ery of the Guard office were damaged,
but not entirely destroyed.
Two Burned at Evelth.
Eveleth. With the flesh all
from the bones on his arms bv
flaiamg gasoline, George Ecklund, a
linotype operator in the office of the
Eveleth Star, lies at a local hospital in
a serious condition. P. E. Dowling.
proprietor ot the newspaper, is also
seriousiy burned in an attempt to aid
the injured operator.
Big Cargo of Ammunition.
Duluth. The big freight steamer
North Star of the Mutual Transit com
pany arrived in Duluth with the larg
est consignment of ammunition ever
shipped at one time, destined for a
local hardware company. Twenty cars
were required to haul the ammunition
from the factory in Kingsville, Ohio, to
Cleveland, where it was embarked on
the North Star. This is the North
Star's maiden trip.
Dies on Eighty-Second Birthday.
Minneapolis.—With his eighty-third
birthday anniversary only a few hours
away, Colonel Francis Peteler, one of
Minneapolis' oldest settlers and veter
an of three wars, passed away. Death
was due to peritonitis.
Coming to Twin Cities.
St. Paul. The following letter
comes response to a cable sent to
Col. Theodore Roosevelt, while he was
"Hotel Beau Site, Rome, April 4.—
Mr. Dear Mr. Halbert: It will give me
particular pleasure to address the
Roosevelt club in St. Paul upon my
return to the United States, but I can
not make any date before my return,
until I can learn what I can and can
not do. With hearty thanks, very sin
NYE URGES INCREASE.
Wants Limit of Cost for Minneapolis
Postofftce Raised to $750,000.
Washington, D. C. Representa
tive Nye appeared before the house
committee on public buildings and
urged favorable action on his bill to
increase the limit of the cost of the
postoffice building in Minneapolis
from $50,000 to $750,000. Nye said he
was confident the committee would
authorize the increase if a public
building bill is reported.
Board System a Success.
Winona.—The board system of man
aging public utilities has been proved
a success in Winona in the case of the
waterworks system, which for several
years has been in charge of the board
of municipal works. Under the busi
ness-like administration of this body
the consumption of water has been
greatly lessened through overcoming
waste. Other economies have been
practiced, so that for the municipal
year Just ending a balance of $6,956
is shown in the treasury.
The New Minnesota "Dry" Spot.
"DRYS" GAIN TERRITORY.
a Saloon Left Between Mankato
and Des Moines.
Mankato, April 17.—As a result of
elections held this week, there is not
a saloon between Mankato and Des
Moines, Iowa, along the Omaha road,
distance of 201 miles.
In Blue Earth county, Lake Crystal,
Garden City, Vernon Center and Am
boy have voted out the saloons. They
have been "wet" towns, but last year
they went "dry," and this year voted
to continue so. This week Amboy
voted on the license question and de
feated it on a tie vote, in a total vote
of 128. It was the most strenuous
campaign that the village has seen in
years. Conveyances were sent miles
to bring back voters temporarily so
journing in nearby villages.
Charles Chamberlain was elected
mayor, Nathaniel Stephens, Stephen
Lamos and Fred Appitz councilmen,
J. H. Dredge recorder, Charles Ott
treasurer, N. W. Sargent justice, and
Charles Chamberlain, constable.
NEW MAYOR PUTS ON "LID."
Sunday and Early Closing to Be Ob
served at Sauk Center.
Sauk Center.—The "lid" is on in
Sauk Center, the first time for some
months. The day on which he took
the reins of municipal government in
his hands, the new mayor, Dr. H. F.
Hennemann, held a conference with
saloon men and told them he ex
pected them to obey the law in all re
spects. He expected them to close,
he said, at 11 p. m. on weekdays, to
keep closed on Sundays, and to have
regard for other provisions of the li
The conference was a good-natured
one and the liquor dealers agreed to
assist the mayor in the strict enforce
ment of the laws. No threats were
made, but every man present showed
the right spirit and all went away feel
ing kindly toward the new executive.
Mayor Hennemann says he expects
this condition to continue throughout
REFUSE TO PAY TAX.
Two Duluth Phone Companies Oppose
Gross Earnings Levy.
Duluth.—In proceedings brought to
force the Duluth and Zenith City tele
phone companies to pay their personal
property taxes for 1909 both compan
ies filed their answers with the clerk
of the district court.
In answers filed by the companies,
which are much the same, the claim is
made that the personal property tax
was levied without considering that
each year they pay a gross earnings
They claim also, if they have paid
their gross earnings tax for the year
1909, they are therefore exempt from
the personal property tax. The amount
of the tax of the Zenith company is
$3,810 and was based on a valuation
of $100,000, the assessed value of the
property. The Duluth company paid
$5,715 on a valuation of $150,000.
TAKES $80 FROM TREASURER.
Stranger Reaches Through Grating of
a Winona County Office.
Winona.—County Treasurer Ben
Kalmes is out $80 as a result of the
antiquated equipment provided in the
treasurer's office at the courthouse.
The openings at the bottom of the
brass gratings at the paying windows
are so large that a person can force
his arm thorugh entirely across the
counter. A taxpayer went inside of
the office through the adjoining office
of the county auditor and paid $80 on
taxes, on which change of 60 cents
was due him.
While making change Treasurer
Kalmes placed the $80 on the counter,
and when ke turned to give back the
change the money was gone. It is re
garded as certain that some person
outside the railing reached in and
Sauk Center.—The Stearns county
fair will be held at Sauk Center this
year. The following officers were
elected: President, Dr. J. A. DuBois
secretary, F. E. Minette treasurer,
W. S. Dean.
BUSINESS MEN ORGANIZE.
New Club Selects "Boost for Owaton.
na" as Slogan.
Owatonna.—"Boost for Owatonna" is
the slogan of the newly formed Owa
tonna Business Men's Association, and
the idea is to be carried out in every
possible way. At a banquet held in
the Hotel Owatonna the business men
decided to push Owatonna in every
way. Over 100 business men have
been enrolled in the new club, and
each month a banquet will be held.
Money Order Blank Missing.
St. Vincent. Special investigating
Agent Carl Egge, of the postal
department, St. Paul, office, is here
to investigate the report of Postmas
ter Lapp that a money order blank
was stolen from his office here. A
man is under arrest on the charge of
having attempted to cash the order.
Mrs. Taft's New Secretary.
Washington, ,D. C. Miss M. Kath
erine Letterman, of this city, has
been appointed social secretary to Mrs.
Taft to succeed Miss Mary D. Spiers,
Quack Grass Eradication.
Mr. C. O. Nichols, of Northfield, has
outlined his method of destroying
quack grass in Farmers' Institute An
nual No. 21. His method, where large
fields are to be treated, is to cover
the ground heavily with manure in
the winter or spring. After the grass
has started he harrows the manure
two or three times so that it will
work down among the roots and stimu
late the rapid growth of the plant, his
theory being that the ranker it grows
the nearer its roots approach the sur
face. He then lets the grass alone
until it heads out and begins to blos
som. At this stage the plant is put
ting forth all its energy, and most of
the vitality is In the stalk and head,
which is regarded both by Mr. Nichols
and the Experiment Station as the
most feasible time for destroying it.
He then plows, using a chain so ad-over
justed as to turn under the tops, turns
over the ground for a depth of six or
seven inches, using extreme care to
turn under all the grass. He then
i'olls the ground and goes over it with
a disc harrow, using the discs nearly
straight, so as to slightly loosen the
upper soil. Then buckwheat is sown
at the rate of two bushels per acre,
and harrowed with a slant tooth har
row. The crop shades the ground and
chokes down the quack that subse
quently grows. The ground is not
plowed again until just before freez
ing in the fall, when the few roots left
will have hard work to exist through
the winter. Mr. Nichols does not ex
pect to harvest any buckwheat, being
satisfied to devote one year to the
eradication of the pest. Aside from
sowing crop of buckwheat, where
the Experiment Station recommends
using a hoed crosi, there is little dif
ference between Mr. Nichol's experi
ment and that tried at University
There is no fixed or best time to
plant corn, other than that it is usu
ally planted in May and generally
from the 10th to the 20th. Under no
condition should com be planted un
less the seed-bed has undergone prop
er preparation. It is much better to
keep the seed in the sack than to plant
it in a heavy, cold soil. Early working
of the soil with the disc and the har
row is essential, as it assists in warm
There are advantages in planting
corn in drills, and likewise in the check
system and many advocates of either
method are easily found. One of the
objects of growing corn, and one of
its advantages over small grain crops,
is the fact that it is a cultivated crop,
and if well cultivated will tend to
clean the land of foul weeds. This
object is more thoroughly accom
plished if the corn is planted in check
rows and cultivated both ways
On the other hand, on rich, reason
ably clean land, larger yields are some
times secured by planting in drills. It
is our judgment, however, that for
average Minnesota conditions the
check row is to be preferred.
It is not wise to plant corn more
than two inches deep and if the soil
is heavy, not more than one inch deep
is preferable, as it will start more
quickly near the surface and, if heavy
rains should come and pack down the
soil, the young plants stand a much
better show of getting through than
when planted too deep. When proper
ly prepared, the soil near the surface
is warmer and contains moisture
enough to germinate the seed. If the
seed has been properly graded, it is
no great task to secure a reasonably
uniform drop of kernels per hill. No
less than three nor no more than
four kernels per hill will bring best
results, if the seed be of good vitality.
It is nearly potato planting time.
Select your seed now, quick. Don't
use the long, rough stock of round or
oval varieties. Its vitality is dimin
ishing, and it will be disappointing at
digging time. Avoid the small slend
er, tapering stock of longer varieties.
Use as intelligent care in selecting
seed potatoes as any sensible farmer
will use in selecting breeding animals,
for the better and stronger the par
ent the better and stronger the off
spring. The same rule applies to veg
etables and animals. The short, thick
potato, compared with the lot in thetop.
bin is the vigorous, hardy seed.
Medium sized potatoes give best re
sults. Potatoes with deep eyes are
harder to peel than shallow eyed.
In peeling much of the nutritive value
is lost. Avoid irregular surfaces and
small tubers. The small individuals
Indicate run out vitality. They will
do to feed stock or poultry.
Rotation and Manuring Increase Yields.
Wheat grown at the Minnesota Ex
periment Station continuously on thetatoes,
same plot since 1894 shows an aver
age yield of 18 6 bushels per acre since
1900. Grown in a three-year rotation
since 1900 the average yield has been
20.6 bushels per acre. No manure be
ing given the plot the increase must
be charged alone to rotation, the seed
and other conditions being substan
tially the same.
In a five-year rotation, with manure
well applied, covering the same period,
the yield has averaged 26.6 bushels
per acre, and the conclusion at the
Station is that more grain can bepresent
grown in three years of rotation than
in four years of continuous cropping.
Corn has been grown at the Experi
ment Station continuously on one plot
since 1894 with an average yield since
1900 of 24.4 bushels per acre. In a
three-year rotation of wheat, clover
and corn the corn yield has averaged
45.2 bushels per acre since 1900, show
ing a difference of over 21 bushels in
crease, due solely to rotation. Where
the land manured at the rate of
about eight tens per acre, In a five-
Road Building has attracted a good
deal of attention, and the Extension
Division of the State Department of
Agriculture is in receipt of a letter
from Hon. L. H. Johnson, formerly
speaker of the Minnesota house of
representatives, and at present a
member of the house, saying, "I wish
to congratulate the faculty and stu
dent body on. the establishment of a
department of agricultural engineer
ing, for I am personally of the opinion!
as a practical bridge builder and
samewhat of a road builaer, that in
a few years after your school has
turned out a number of young, husky
fellows, who have learned practical
road building at the school, we will
have a great advance in road building*
Potatoes.—In Clay county rather
intensive methods of raising potatoes
are followed in a three-year rotation
—one year of grain, one year of grass
and one year of potatoes. As much
of the land as possible is manured at
the rate of twelve loads per acre, and
frequently commercial fertilizers are
used at the rate of 500 pounds to
the acre. Under these conditions a
yield of 162 bushels per acre has
been known on a field of 237 acres.
The cost per acre, including, seed,
spraying, Insecticides, planting, har
vesting, etc., was but $37.72. In the
same locality the cost on unfertilized
land, In 1907, on a scale of 331 acres,
was $26.36 per acre. The yield was
127 bushels. The moral is evident.
Seven Hundred Seven boys and.
girls, who the last school year lived
in quarters originally intended for
four hundred on University Farm,,
have returned home to engage active
ly in farm work. The cost at the
school is about $80.00 a year. They
could have lived at home no cheaper.
It is puzzling to know what to do
with the young people if they con
tinue to attend the farm school in
the future as in the past year or
two. If many more shall come it
will be difficult to take care of them
with the present equipment. Then
there are the college students and
short course people whom the insti
tution has to take care of in addition
to the school.
The Engineers' Short Course at
University Farm, St. Anthony Park,
will begin on May 4th and continue
until June 17. It will give a great
opportunity to young men to learn
how to handle gasoline and steam en
gines. The Farm equipment is up-to
date and at the disposal of the class.
The tuition for the course is $15.00„
covering instruction in all depart
ments and all expenses while at the
Farm, except board, which will be^
$3.50 a week. Write Prof. D. D.
Mayne, University Fann,£ St. Paul,
That Seed Doesn't Run Out because
it is grown on one farm a long time
is shown by the experiments at Min
nesota University Farm and at ex
periment stations of other states. Ex
periments comparing home grown
seed with that brought from a dis
tance have resulted in every case in
favor of the home grown seed when
the stations have used the proper
care in seed selection. The Minneso
ta Experiment Station will tell you
how to select seed if you ask for the
Manures and roots of plants are
especially useful in controlling soil
moisture. Hence crops grow better
where manures and grasses are large
ly used. A heavy coating of coarse
manure plowed under in the spring
may result unfavorably by separating
the furrow slice and subsoil and
causing the surface soil to become too
dry. It is often better to make light
er applications of manure and to
disc it into the surface rather thnn
to plow it under.
A cistern on the farm is one of the
practical conveniences that should
be furnished the women. Cisterns
can be made by plastering against tfte
sides of a hole in the ground with
cement mortar, made of one part Port*
land cement and three parts good sharp
sand. One coat can be put on in the
morning and the second towards night.
In digging give enough slant to the
•jides so there is no danger of caving.
Bricks may be used to arch over the
Drainage prevents loss of crops and
labor from stagnant water permits
air to circulate more freely through
tne soil, carrying with it fertilizing
properties, making a warmer soil that
can be cultivated early, for dry soil
works easier than wet, roots go down
deeper in it and get a greater supply
of plant food, and more moisture in
a dry season prevents baking and
Cultivated Crops include corn, po
mangles, and all root crops
that are planted in rows and culti
vated during growth. Such crops
have been regarded as beneficial to
soil fertility, but investigation at the
Experiment Station show that con
tinuous growth of cultivated crops de
pletes the soil more rapidly than does
the growing of grain continuously.
The Minnesota Experiment Station
says barley has the advantage over
flax for cleaning the land of weeds,
besides being often fed on the farm at
a profit over the market price. At
prices, however, flax is in the
lead and good flax land will undoubt
edly return a good profit.
Humus Making crops are such
grasses as timothy, clover, blue grass,
brome grass, and alfalfa. It has been
found by experiment at University
Farm that grass land plowed and put
into crops is under better condition!
of moisture and freer from weeds than
land that has grown grain continues*
year rotation of wheat, timothy and
clover hay, pasture, oats and corn, the care of all the house sewage and.
cera ytoft has averaged 60.8 bushels I make the home more healthfu/
«*r Mrs. satisfactory.
On most farms suplied with wind
mills and water septie tanks and sani
tary sewerage may be cheaply pro
vided. Such simple systems will take