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Willmar tribune. [volume] (Willmar, Minn.) 1895-1931, November 16, 1910, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89081022/1910-11-16/ed-1/seq-7/

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ITH the present world-wide in
terest in aviation has come a
a corresponding stimulus of in
terest in kite flying—not the
ordinary sort of kite flying that
we all indulged in when we
were boys, although that has
many devotees—but scientific
kite flying. Both in England and
America daring experimenters
have accomplished wonders
with man-lifting kites, which
when sent up tandem have dem
onstrated their ability to lift hu-
man beings to the clouds quite as neatly as do
motor-driven airships. Then, too, Alexander Gra
ham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, has these
past few years performed some wonderful experi
ments with a new type of kite made up of triagu
lar cells and hopes yet to solve the problem of
aerial navigation with a sky craft developed along
this line.
While the man-lifting kites have thus been de
veloping to the point of undreamed-of possibilities
another branch, of scientific kite flying has been
making like progress. This embrances the use
of kites for studying the conditions of the upper
air and obtaining data to be used In forecasting
the weather. Various institutions all over the
world have been using kites in this way, but the
lead has been taken by the United States gov
ernment, thanks to the facilities which it enjoys
at its unique new weather observatory in north
ern Virginia, not far from the West Virginia line.
The Mount Weather observatory, as this new kite
station is officially designated, is designed espe
cially for the exploration of the upper air by
/c/rr~ xxttttj //y. stcr/osr
means of kites and balloons and it is located on
top of a peak nearly 2,000 feet high in an isolated
part of the Blue Ridge mountains—that which no
better location could be imagined for this class
of work.
There are not many buildings at this kite-fly
ing outpost, but a substantial stone structure has
been provided for use as a kite house. This is
the headquarters for a corps of five men who
devote all their time to this branch of aerial
work. More than two dozen kites are constantly
kept on hand and in readiness for use and in
cluded in this equipment are samples of all the
different kinds of kites which have been used by
any of the foreign governments that have en
gaged In scientific kite flying. However, Uncle
Sam's experts have developed some designs of
kites that are superior to anything known abroad,
and particularly have they evolved a wonderful
new type of kite that can be sent aloft in the
fierce gales that sweep over the Virginia moun
tains. The ordinary kite will fly in any wind
with a-velocity of ten miles per hour or more,
bnt is not adapted to use when the wind exceeds
25 miles per hour. However, this new style kite,
which weighs but eight pounds and has a lifting
surface of 58 feet, has made successful flights
more than a mile in height when the wind was
blowing a gale of 46 miles an hour.
The government experts have sent up kites at
Mount Weather as high as 23,000 feet, which
means, of course, several miles. 0( course no
rope or string can be used for such kite flying,
but wire must be employed. The wire is wound
upon an Immense reel of forged steel and the kite
flying is in reality done by machinery, this reel
being operated by a three-horsepower electric mo
tor. When it is desired to haul down or draw in
a kite tnis reel is set in motion at any speed de
sired. The steel drum has capacity for carrying
60,000 feet of piano wire, which is much more
than would be required for any kite flight that
will ever be attempted. The object of Uncle
Sam's kite flying is of course to explore the upper
air and to that end automatically operated record
ing instruments are attached to every kite sent
Tip. These bring down records not only of the
altitude attained by the kite but of the tempera
ture at various altitudes and other information of
the greatest value to the scientists in their study
of the atmosphere that envelops the earth.
The remarkable development of the aeroplane
Raven in "Barnaby Rudge"
Dickens's Son Says Original Had
Habit of Fooling the Coachman
at Tavistock House.
Alfred Tennyson Dickens, the old
est surviving son of the great novel
ist, has just arrived in London from
Australia, where he has been for the
last 45 years. He was 20 years of
age when he left home—Devonshire
House, still to be seen facing Maryle
ibone ohurch.
Is the greatest wonder of the century. Yet the
airman is impatient and his cry now is for great
er speed. In speed he sees the solution of his
greatest problems. Gradually it has dawned upon
him that the air is the ideal element for high
speed traffic—that through the air, before very
long, speeds will be attained which are pos
sible with vehicles on land or ships on the sea.
To the makers of engines the airman says, "Give
me more power, which spells speed." To the build
ers of aeroplanes he cries, "Construct me planes
capable of the maximum of speed."
And the speed of aeroplanes has been creeping
up. At first it was 35 miles an hour. Then came
40. Soon this was left behind. Round prepared
aerodromes a pace of 45 and 50 miles an hour was
attained. Nor did the seeking of speed end here.
With racing monoplanqs a rate of 55 and 60 miles
an hour was possible. Not satisfied with this
pilots have added mile by mile, until the latest
record is 66 miles an hour.
In response to an inquiry along this line an ex
pert recently said: "Personally I believe that this
is only the beginning of the speeds that aero
planes will be able to attain. Some one was. dis
cussing this vitally interesting aspect of airman
ship with me only the other day. He asked the
question, 'At what rate will aeroplanes be flying
through the air in a comparatively short space of
time?' My answer was, 'In six months I fully ex
pect that a monoplane will be registering speeds
of 100 miles an hour.' Friends of mine who are
experts upon the scientific aspects of airmanship
predict that eventually speeds of 200 and even 300
miles an hour will be possible. At this one's imag
ination is apt to reel. But this much is certain:
If the flying machine Is to become of real impor
tance and not remain a sporting toy it will need
to be speedier than any method of transit on
"The aeroplane engine is the crux of the situa
tion. Upon Its development—rapid or slow—de
pends also the development of airmanship. Fortu
nately for the new science In which we are all so in
terested, the flying machine motor is already mak
ing quite extraordinary strides. As a well-known
maker remarked to me the other day, 'Each motor
which we turn out nowadays marks'a step up a
ladder of progress.' And the engines for aircraft
are not only being made more reliable, but they
also weigh less than they did at first for each
horsepower of energy produced.
In the course of an interview re
garding his father's works Mr. Dick
ens said: "The original of the raven
in 'Barnaby Rudge' was one we kept
at Tavistock House, not its successor,
which died at Gad's Hill. The former
bird, I remember, was an intelligent
although at the same time a trouble
some creature. j,
"He was an excellent linguist, and
one of his favorite pastimes was to
call up the coachman at the most in
convenient hours of the night. 'Tup
ping,' It would call, 'master'wants the
horses—master wants the carriage!'
Tupping used to think the summons
came from one of the maids and one
night he had actually got the horses
into the carriage before discovering
the deception."
A. T. Dickens does not remember
his grandfather, who, however, he Is
convinced was the original of Micaw
ber, the gentleman who was always
"waiting for something to turn tu."
/trr/icf-r//*G /iirroyy/iTJc
"This is all-important
In this respect alone en
gineers have been achiev
ing results of late which
would have been declared
absolutely impossible by
experts a few years ago.
From my point of view,
as a pilot of aeroplanes,
the improvement In en*
Sines has been astonish*
teg. Last year, although
long flights were occa
sionally made, the un
dertaking of a cross-coun
try journey was a matter
of considerable uncertain
ty. Now, however, al
though our engtaes are
still admittedly imperfect,
one can fly from point to
point with a growing cofl
"Although much of the
future of airmanship ia
still in doubt, the estab
lishment of regular air
stations, in the vicinity of large towns is an inno
vation which will soon be an accomplished fact
The idea of the 'air station' is simple. It wilL
roughly, correspond to the garage for the motor
car. There will be a large, smooth open space for
machines to start from and also to alight upon,
There will be a number of sheds in which air craft
will be housed. There will be repair shops also
depots in which"oil and petrol will be stored. The
airman, studying a special map V-afore he starts
upon a long cross-country flight, will locate the po
sition of the various air stations en routs and halt
at some of them—filling up his tanks, having his
engine overhauled, and perhaps garaging his ma
chine for the night in one of the sheds provided.
"Already—a convincing proof of the develop
ment of flight—-international authorities are discuss
ing seriously the immediate laying down of regular
'airways.' Simply described, an airway will direct
the passage of air craft over a given tract of land
when in flight from city to city or from one country
to another. These airways—several have already
been provisionally mapped out in England—will
make it Incumbent upon pilots to fly their craft
over sparsely populated tracts of country whenever
possible, and will also obviate flying over towns.
"We do not want to hamper airmanship with too
many rules, but danger to the people on the earth
must be obviated, and the risk of involuntary de
scents in crowded districts must be avoided. Ths
rights of private property must be considered also
it is clear that machines cannot be allowed to de
scend haphazard Just where they like.
"So far the whole attitude toward flying has
been to encourage it, a striking contrast to the con
demnation of the railway train when it was intro
duced. This toleration the airmen must do noth
ing to undermine. Motoring would not have been
discredited in many people's eyes had it not been
for the 'road hog.' We must have no 'air hogs.' As
aeroplane owners increase many perplexing prob
lems will arise. What Is wanted is a sensible code
of rules, framed in the public interest by practical
authorities and tactfully enforced before there is
possibility of any outcry against the new sport
"For rapid transit generally/ for fast mail traf
fic, for express services, for naval and military re
connoitering work, as instruments of destruction—
although this phase may be far distant—these are*
some of the possibilities of the aeroplane. What
we now want Is a machine which will fly reliably
in any wind short of a gale."
"My grandmother, however, I can well
recall," he added. "She visited Gad's
Hill in 1863. She was a gentle, quiet
simple lady and her character un
doubtedly inspired to no small degre*
that of Mrs. Nickleby."
The Cause.
"I understand Jorkins and his wife
had a quarrel about the trench he W
them dig in front of his house."
"What was the trouble?"
"Why, she fell la and ths* Qsf
both fell out" ^r
But Temperance Leaders Profess To
Be Still Hopeful Of Controlling
The Upper
St. Paul.—The 1911 legislature in
(Minnesota will still be republican by
large majority, but there has been
jsome loss of strength in the house,
where all the other parties have made
gains. The democrats have made a
pet gain of two or three seats, the pro
bibitionists one, making them four, and
(the public ownership party will be rep
resented in the Minnesota legislature
jfor the first time, having carried the
district comprising Lake and Cook
County Option Defeated. ..
County option is unquestionably de
feated. The county optionists failed to
make up the reverses they suffered
in the primaries, and the senate will
be against them. They are still claim
ing control of the house.
"We are hopeful of the senate,"
said Rev. C. W. Stark, "and we are
quite confident we will have a ma
pority in the house. Out of thirty
one doubtful districts we needed to
win eleven, and we have already heard
from several doubtful ones which we
have carried."
The prohibitionists lost their mem
mership from Freeborn county and
from Douglas, where E. E. Lobeck was
defeated, but C. L. Sulerud was re
elected in the sixty-first, and they won
a surprising victory in the forty-fifth,
where Frank T. White of Elk river, a
veteran house member was defeated
by Rufus P. Morton, prohibitionist.
They also sprung a surprise in Good
hue county by electing two representa
tives, -George H. Voxlana and A. V.
The democrats have gained a sen
ator in Winona county, but lost in
Olmstead, where A. T. Stebbins is once
more returned. The democrats gained
in the election of C. F. Cook in Mower
county. They won again in Blue Earth,
electing Senator S. D. Works and three
house members. They also gained
seat in Meeker county, electing E. P.
Peterson, but lost in Carver, where the
republicans elected C. H. Klein.
Witness for State, Can't Tell Whether
He Got Whisky.
Cass Lake.—The case of the State
of Minnesota versus Samuel Sutor,
proprietor of the Endion hotel and
saloon, on the charge of having sold
intoxicating liquors to James Miller
bf Winnipeg was tried before a jury
here and the defendants were acquit
James Miller, the minor, stated that
he had entered the saloon with Fred
Davis and purchased for himself and
Davis a glass of whisky each and left
the saloon immediately thereafter. On
cross-examination, he stated he did
not know the taste of whisky very
well and could not swear that it was
whisky he drank.
Hired by Agent Sero.
He stated that he was hired by N. J.
Sero was is engaged in the suppression
of the liquor traffic among the Indians
at $2 per day and expenses. He said
that he had never heard that any other
minors had been furnished intoxicat
ing liquors at Cass Lake, and also
that he had no knowledge of nor had
he heard that Indians could secure in
toxicating liquors here.
The defense tried to show that the
youth had been discharged by a Be
midji firm, but this testimony was not
allowed by the court.
Minnesota Development Association
Has Everything Ready.
Brainerd. The Northern Minne
sota Development Association intends
to see that immediate legislation is
undertaken, and for that reason the
people attending the December meet
ing in Brainerd will see and hear read
the prepared bills as they will be pre
sented for vote as soon as the legis
lature convenes this coming session.
Although the platform of this organ
ization was well rounded into form
many months ago, recent events in the
state have given rise to conditions
which demand immediate attention.
The association has recognized these
conditions, and is losing no time to
meet them and prepare for them.
Accordingly, on Nov. 11, there will
be a meeting in Bemidji of some of
the members to frame up a measure
on matters pertaining to forestry pro
tection, and are expected to outline a
bill that will need no amending to
meet the approval of the north coun
Veteran Custodian of Minnesota State
Capitol Is Called, After Long Illness.
St. Paul. —Thomas Downs, the
veteran custodian of the Minne
sota state capitol, who has been con
fined at the Asbury hossytal in Minne
apolis for some time suffering from a
combined attack of typhoid and spinal
meningitis, died there at midnight Sat
urday. Mr. Downs was 70 years of age
pnd has been in the employ of the
state for many years.
Red Wing.—L#„e Pepin was the
scene of a small disaster when the
steamer Verana and barge, loaded with
cattle, was struck in midlake by a
squall and sunk. The cattle in the
face of a heavy sea started for the
Wisconsin shore.
Several launches came to the rescue
•of J. H. Mabey, the owner of the boat,
and he with nineteen head of cattle
were saved. Eleven, head were
,'drownad. The loss will reach $500.
The barge was pulled ashore and
Sauk Center Man Ties Up Sums for
Life Time of Two Heirs.
St. Cloud—Claiming that the provi
sions of the will of the late Solomon
Pendergast of Sauk Center,, in which
he leaves part of his estate to accumu
late in the life of a person, is illegal,
all of the beneficiaries under the will,
with the exception of Mabel Carr, of
Hunter, N. D., have filed an appeal in
the probate court in this city praying
that the will be set aside. The case
will come up in the district court in
In the original will of Pendergast,
hla estate, amounting to $15,000 per
sonal property and $78,000 real estate,
was divided into four parts, and J.
Fred Cooper and Robert Kells of Sauk
Center were named as executors and
trustees. One-fourth was given out
right to his daughter, Mrs. Mabel Carr
of Hunter, N. D. The second fourth
was given outright to his daughter,
Mrs. Maud "Dewey of Sauk Center.
The third quarter was given in trust
to the trustees, and out of the income,
Mrs. Nellie La Fond of Sauk Center,
his daughter, was to be provided for.
After her death this part of the estate
was to revert to his other daughter,
Mrs. Carr. The remaining quarter was
also placed in trust with the trustees,
and from the income of it the trustees
were to be compensated, and his
daughter, 34rs. Carrie Baldwin of
Sauk Center, and his granddaughter
Percy Lambert of the same place, were
to be supported. After the death of
Mrs. Baldwin this share was to go to
Miss Lambert.
The action is brought on the grounds
that the accumulation of the profits of
an estate for a longer period than the
minority of a person is illegal and that
none of the persons concerned are mi
Winona Association Causes Arrest of
"Wreckage" Sale Manager.
Winona.—The Winona Merchants
and Business Men's association has be
gun what gives promise of being a
test case of state-wide importance.
John Kantor, with several assistants,
came into the city with a large supply
of "wreckage" goods, for the purpose
of conducting a sale. The merchants
immediately offered a protest, and
when the application for a license was
made to the city council, the request
was denied. On the advertised date
for the opening of the sale, the doors
of the downtown store, rented tempor
arily, were thrown open in defiance to
the council's action. Secretary Lee H.
Bierce immediately swore to a com
plaint, representing the businessmen,
charging Kantor with offering for sale,
goods not duly assessed for taxation
within the state of Minnesota and
without the permission of the city
Kantor was placed under arrest but
the sale continued, another of the men
assuming the management. Kantor,
several hours later, was released on
bail. The "wreckage" goods continued
to be sold.
In case of an adverse decision, the
local organization is prepared to carry
the case higher. Trouble is expected
in proving that the goods have not
been taxed in Minnesota.
Shipments Now Made to All Ports
Outside Indian Reservations.
St. Paul. The territory in Min
nesota to which liquor can be sent has
been extended by the railroads. Just
to what extent the railroads have re
moved the barrier is not obtainable
from the officials, but, orders have
been given local freight agents to ac
cept shipments to all points except
within the Indian reservation.
The officials point out that more
than two-thirds of Minnesota is in
cluded in various Indian treaties, and
it has been difficult for the railroads
to ascertain just what localities are
exempted. They are waiting for an
official interpretation of the depart
ment's orders before they put the lid
on shipments outside of the Indian
Total Valuation Is $1,859,055.94—Per
sonal Property, $38,934.94.
Minneapolis. The total valua
tion of the Hennepin county prop
erty left by the late Levi Stewart is
estimated at $1,859,055.94 by the board
of appraisers, consisting of A. E. Zon
ne, Lester Elwood, Charles W. Morse
and John Winchester. The value of
the personal property, which consists
of cash in banks and library, is placed
at $38,924.94, while the value of the
real estate is $1,820,131. Owing to
the fact that much o#'the real estate
is out on leases of 1,000 years the ap
praisers did not attempt to fix the ac
tual value of the' property, but de
termined the value of the leases.
The heirs to the Hennepin county
property will pay an inheritance tax of
between $75,000 and $80,000 to the
state of Minnesota.
Three Grogshop Men in Cass Lake
Nabbed for Selling to a Minor.
Cass Lake.—Special Revenue Officer
N. G.' Sero arrested the three Cass
Lake saloonkeepers charged with sell
ing liquor to J. Miliar of Bemidji, sev
eral days ago. Miller is a minor and
said he was sent here by Sero to pro
duce evidenc2 against each saloon
keeper. Trials will take place here
next Monday and Wednesday before
Judge L. M. Lange.
Redwkood Falls Coroner's Jury Probes
•vDeath of Ira B. Pratt.
Redwood Falls. The
jury in the case of Ir-a
B. Pratt,
who died from injuries received in a
North Redwood saloon, returned a
verdict finding that Pratt came to his
death from a blow inflicted- with a
billy in the hands of Vergil L. Mallet,
who is in jail charged with assault!
Pratt was about 30 years old andfleft
a widow and one child
The Swedish and Norwegian mem
bers of the court of arbitration, which
is to settle the controversy between
Norway and Sweden, about the rein
deer pastures of the northern part of
the peninsula, have elected Amtman
Jonquieres, of Sjalland, Denmark, to
succeed the late Prof. Matzen, of Co
penhagen, as president of the court.
King Fredrik VIII has been an of
ficer in the Danish army for fifty years.
The number of Danes losing their
lives by accidents has been a little
over 600 a year for several years past.
The state of Denmark, as proprietor
of the Frederiksvark powder mills,
has made an agreement with the pro
prietor of the Donse powder mills by
which the latter are to be closed and
their trade turned over to the former.
Gustav Olsen, a missionary among
the Eskimos at Cape York, has sent
in his first report. In his district
there are 217 Eskimos living in nine
villages. Mr. Olsen is preaching to
them and teaching them to read and
write. They have no idea of such a
thing as manslaughter, and polygamy
does not exist, but in other respects
their morals are not ideal. People
afflicted with some incurable disease
are occasionally exposed so that they
are bound to die in a short while.
One of the natives is giving Mr. Olsen
valuable aid in his work.
An interesting conflict between Ice
landic authorities and English fisher
men may have to be settled by an in
ternational court of arbitration. An
Icelandic fisheries inspector shouted to
the captain of the English trawler,
Chieftain, that he was fishing within
the territorial limits of Iceland. The
latter claimed that he was operating
outside the limits, but the Icelander
boarded the trawler and tried all he
could to make the trawler leave the
place. Finally the trawler left the Ice
landic waters and returned to Hull,
carrying the Icelandic inspector along
to England. Both parties try to prove
that they were right.
News of Scandinavia
There is no question that Alexandra
believes she has been badly treated
by her son, King George, and his wife.
After being the first lady of England
for so long she could not understand
why she should give way to Queen
Mary when King Edward died. The
climax came in her fight to retain
Buckingham palace, the royal London
residence, for herself. When she
went to Sandringham it is certain she
expected to return to Buckingham.
As spon as she was gone, however.
George moved his things into Buck
ingham. Alexandra realized that to
re-establish herself in Buckingham
meant a scene which even she rec
ognized as impossible. She did, how
ever, visit her son at Balmoral, and
It is said the scolding she gave him
broke all records in royal establish
ments. Then she sailed for Denmark.
Principal Happenings of the Week
in the Scandinavian Countries.
The University of TJpsala has 2,107
students this term.
The Swedish Club in Berlin, has
just dedicated its new quarters.
Owing to abundant rain the fall
pastures have been in fine condition.
Southern Sweden had a typical In
dian summer in the middle of Octo
Senior President Andersson, of the
first chamber of the riksdag, has been
a member of 37 riksdags.
The Swedish Bankers' Association
has decided to discontinue the prac
tice of honoring- drafts between the
banks free of charge.
The apple crop of Malmohus is way
above the average, and the pear crop
is good. The apple crop has been
more or less damaged by worms in
all parts of the country.
The king and a number of select
friends were to hunt hares on the
island of Hveen, Nov. 9. Baron Trolle
went to the place some time ago to
make the necessary arrangements.
A leak in the dam of the Lagan
river power station was noticed two
weeks after the dedication of the sta
tion. The plant had to be closed for
about a week while the necessary re
pairs were made.
About 17,000 men took part in the
military maneuvers at Sigtuna, and
only 99 took so sick that they had to
be taken to the hospital. Not a single
case was serious. In former years
about 1.5 per cent used to take sick.
The provincial medical association,
of Sweden, has requested the govern
ment to spend about $300 for the dis
tribution of a pamphlet explaining the
importance of vaccination as a means
of preventing the ravages of small
pox. This indicates that the common
people are not so dead sure that vac
cination is what it has been cracked
up to be for almost a century past.
The number of business failures is
on the decrease, whieh indicates bet
ter times. During the first nine
months of the present year there were
2,892 business failures in Sweden, as
against 3,276 for the same period in
1909, and 3,290 in 1908. But the num
ber was only 2,274 for the same period
in 1907.
Sweden's government-owned tele
graph and telephone systems netted
the country $1927000 during 1909, ac
cording to United States Consul Gen
eral E. D. Winslow of Stockholm. The
the national government take posses
sion of the funds of the Swedish in
surance companies. Some conserva
tives hold that this beats even the
demands of the Social Democrats.
The funds in question aggregate tens
of millions of dollars.
Prince WJlhelm has written a news
paper articl* on the airship as an ad
junct of the navy, it is evident that
the author has studied his subject
thornly, and his remarks have attract
•4 U» attention of experts.
rr—t *s&«
The reports of the national insur
ance department show that during the
year 1909, the number of employers
reporting to the government for co
operation in carrying out the public
insurance plan was 4,182, and the
number of persons thus insured was
74,394. During the same year 4,079
persons insured reported that they
had been injured as a result of ac
Plans for a new central railway
station-and a less complicated en
trance of lines into Stockholm have
been turned over to the government.
They involve an expenditure of near
ly $9,000,000, and probably will be ap
proved, as more modern accommoda
tions are needed here. If the plans
are carried out the railway terminal
in Stockholm will be one of the finest
in Europe.
A very sad incident is reported from
the Sigtuna maneuvers. When Gen
eral von Platen's army was retreat
ing at Haggeby he was hotly pursued
by the "enemy," commanded by Gen.
era! Jungstedt. This was bluntly told
to an eighty-year old man who sup
posed that a real enemy was approach
ing, and in order to avoid capture ha
hurried to put a rope around his neck
and put an end to his life.
Dr. Andrew Draper, of Albany, N.
Y., was sent to Sweden to make a
thoro study of the public school sys«
tern of that country, and he reported
that he is convinced of the superiority
of that system to the one followed in
American schools. He holds that ths
Swedish system may easily be intro
duced in America. Dr. Draper found
that there is no such thing as ignor
ance in Sweden, and he gives the
schools of the country credit for that
During the Sigtuna maneuvers the
king sought shelter for a few minutes
in a small farmhouse, and asked for
permission to sit down white eating
his lunch. The housewife became so
badly rattled that she ran away and
hid herself. But the king did not
mind this untoward reception, but sat
down to enjoy the contents of his
knapsack. When the king was gone
and the woman ventured out of \ei
hiding place she found a ten-kronoi
($2.70) bill on her table.
The Socialists of Sweden are great*
ly pleased with the political situation
in Portugal. This sentiment is ex
pressed in a three-column editorial in
their leading newspaper, the articla
having as its heading, "The Death
Knell of Monarchy." It is predicted
that Spain and Italy will follow in
the wake of Portugal, and the wish is
expressed that the Germanic countries
may also be ready when they are
called upon to join the ranks of re
publics. The house of Bernadotte,
the rulers of Sweden, are warned not
to let the present cabinet run Sweden
at the present gait if they wish to
keep their job a few years longer.
The Norwegian steamer Sark re«
cently arrived in San Francisco with
5,000 tons of coal from China.
A pavilion for a telescope is being
erected at Holmenkollen, the famous
shooting grounds near Kristiania.
Fred Olsen, a shipowner in Kristian
ia, is said to be making preparations
for establishing a steamship line be
tween Norway and La Plata.
S. K. Ekre, of Urskog, was out haul*
fng sand, and late in the afternoon hia
horse returned alone. A search was
made, and Mr. Ekre was "found dead
under a landslide in the sand-pit. He
leaves a wife and four small children.
The Bardowick, an iron steamex
owned by Norwegians, was wrecked
in the Aaland sea, and eight young"
men. of the crew lost their lives, the
life-boat in which they were about
to leave the wreck being crushed
against its side.
Chr. Tonngssen and wife, born Ja
cobsen, of Flekkefjord, celebrated
their golden wedding a few days ago
Mr. Tonnessen, who is 80 years old:
is working in the office every day, and
is also an active member of the local
court of conciliation.
Norway importing tens of thousands
of live codfish from Denmark fn ona
week, would seem to be a freak ia
Scandinavian commerce but the peo
ple of Kristiania are glad to fallback
on the Danes when the Norwegians
are-unable to supply their own market
The late Miss Karen Marie Sinding
made a bequest for the benefit of lad
teachers in Fredrikstad. The statutes
provide that the beneficiaries must b«
lady teachers who need aid, who an
at least 55 years old, who have nol
been married, and whose morals ar«
above reproach. The amtfint of th«
bequest is a little over $3,000, th«
interest on which shall be paid out ai
life pensions of $50 a year.
Rev. Alfred Eriksen, the most abl«
and influential Socialist in Norway
has been appointed pastor of the Vaal
eremgen parish, Kristiania. He will
have plenty to do in his new position
By this appointment the government
expects to be able to prove that
is above party politics when caller}
upon to fill public positions.
Prof. Harnack, former president ol
the University of Berlin, is giving
series of lectures on theological sub
jects in Kristiania, and his audiencei
are very large and enthusiastic. Th«
receipts amounted to $458,000, while lectures touch upon some of the vita'
points of the Christian religion.
The Svitun steamship began tonu
public pension convention, suggested steamers between Norway and Eng
that it might be necessary to have
the cost of maintenance was $266,000
Rev. Tivell, a delegate to the Raab
a a
months ago, the chiet
freight being canned goods. Now th«
Wilson company, an English concert
ofHong standing, has declared opei
war against the new line. Amonj
the threats coming from the Wilsoi
people may be mentioned that the]
will run three instead of one steamer
cut the rates down to 25 per centaur!
keep up the fight for ten years.
The young people's Christian asso
ciations operated so, called soldiers
homes at ten of the leading: militar]
drill eround* of Norway last •ommgi i^tram*

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