Newspaper Page Text
5 THE The appearance of any place can be greatly improved by using In fact, as a legal unit the family has no existence in the eyes of the law. It cannot sue or be sued, enter into contractual relations, own pro perty, or commit torts or crimes. But in spite of our theoretic de nial of the existence of the family as a social unit, in actual life it is still a real unit of society, or to use the terminology of German philosophy, each family is recognized as being a person, a moral, intellectual, and emotional organism. The law does not recognize the family's respon sibility for the acts of its members, but public opinion is unanimous in insisting on such responsibility. Re spectable parents are willing to make good any damage caused by their children, as long as their children still are under parental government. Yes, we go farther. When a crime has been committed, whether by an adult or a minor, the criminal's fam ily feels guilty and is socially dis graced, showing that we still in a way recognize the moral responsibil ity of the whole family. But, nevertheless, modern individ ualism has greatly weakened family consciousness. In antiquity and in a measure up to the Industrial Revo lution, the perpetuation of one's "house" (French, maison) was one of the chief if not the chief interest of every normal individual. The prince fought and schemed for his dynasty fully as much as for him self. The highest reward of a pub lic servant who deserved well of his -country was a patent of nobility, for his shed honor and distinction on the family. This was the cause of the law: =£& :oncrete wherever possible. If you have a nice home, whether in the city or in the country, you can add greatly to its attractiveness by building, not only the side walks but the steps, curbs, flower beds, well and cistern covers, hitching posts and fence posts, driveways, cellars, and so on, of concrete. Concrete improvements will make your place the envy of all your neighbors. Concrete is ^so much neater than wood never rots, is clean and sanitary, fire and rat proof. Concnte is the simplest build ing material and the most durable. Things can be readily built of concrete by using clean sand and good Portland cement— preferably UNIVERSAL, because of its uniform quality and great strength. W would like to talk to you about UNIVERSAL Port land Cement whenever you do any concrete work. STANDARD LUMBER COMPANY WILLMAR, MINN. American Ingot Iron Culverts Steel Culverts Acid-Proof Open Hearth Metal Culverts Common Sense Fir Silos Strictly Hardburned Shale Clay Silo Blocks. SOCIOLOGICAL STUDIES OF THE FAMILY AND HOME.—7 (By P. M. Magnuson, Ph. D.) The Legal Aspects of the Family UNIT OF FAMILY THE SOCIETY. The conception which is dominant with us today is that the individual is the only real unit of society. Yes, we go farther than that. We don't believe there is anything else in soci ety than individuals. All other social units, like the family or the state, we consider artificial and imaginary. Modern law is individualistic, and the Common Law exceedingly so. Ex cept where modified by statutes, as for example in California (where it has been influenced by the Civil Law) the common law recognizes no fam ily property. There can be no family property in Minnesota. All property belongs to individuals, corporations, or the state. In the eyes of the law the family is not a moral agent, it is not responsible for the deeds of its members. Parents are not responsi ble for the crimes and torts of their children, contrary to the common lay opinion. If Johnny breaks a window pane in a neighbor's house, theoretically Johnny's father is no more legally responsible than the Monarch of Moo. In practice, to be sure, we can "get" the parents by various legal devices, the simplest of which is to fine or send the child to jail, and let the fond father rescue his offspring from durance vile. keeping the family fortune undivid ed, the family was perpetuated and maintained secure and powerful. The successful man rooted his fam ily as soon as possible in the soil by buying an estate and erecting a "seat." All honor to modern culture for its splendid evolution of the individual. But inevitably in developing individ ualism, we have forgotten that the individual is not all. It will render modern life less garish and superfic ial if we bring back into it this old time devotion to and interest in the fortunes of one's "house." THE LEGAL ASPECT OF MARRIAGE. Marriage is often referred to as a civil contract but a little considera tion will show us that this is an un derstatement. Marriage is more than a contract. For the universal law of contracts is that a contract can be rescinded whenever both par ties to it are willing. This however, is not true of marriage. In fact, marriage is the entrance upon a status. The common law being very indiv idualistic does not contain a term or an idea quite corresponding to that of status. Still, indirectly the Com mon Law has always recognized status, particularly that of marriage. By marriage, then, the contract ing parties enter upon a new status in their relation to each other, their children and society. They acquire new rights and new duties. And these rights and duties differ from those acquired by contract in this that they cannot be annulled by the consent of only the two contracting parties. For the children and soci ety at large are also vitally inter ested in this agreement, and hence it cannot be dissolved without the per mission of the government. LEGAL MARRIAGE—The legal way of entering upon the married state has naturally differed much during evolution of man. In primi tive patriarchal times marriage was exclusively a family affair over which neither state, church nor in dividuals had anything to do. This is easily explained, since in primitive times there were neither state, church nor in the developed sense, individuals. The patriarch father of one family bought a daughter of the patriarch father of another family and the young people in question had nothing to say about it. From the time the patriarchal state was reached the essence of the marriage ceremony was an adoption of the bride into the family of the groom. This was the essence of the confarratio form of marriage among the Romans. The eating of the bar ley bread together signified that now the bride and the groom belonged to the same family, and as it was done in the house of the groom, or rather, of the groom's father, this was the family to which .they both belonged COEMPTIO was a later and less honorable form of marriage cere mony used by the Romans. This was marriage by purchase. In this cere mony the bride's father by a legal fiction sold her to the groom. She remained a member of her father's family and gens. In the middle ages the Church took the family under its particular care and protection. Marriage is a sacrament of the Church, and the church punished breach of the mar riage vow, as well as made itself the guardian of widows and orphans. Hence all probate business was reg ularly done by the church courts, One may say that modern times began when the state became the su preme institution. Both in Catholic and Prostestant countries the church became subordinate to the state in the sense that the state alone could coerce. In modern times, hence, the family is under the protection of the state, and the state prescribes the forms of marriage and defines and enforces the rights, duties and func tions of the institution of the fam ily. Hence, today marriage is in all civilized countries a civil institution. But to the Christian it is also a re ligious institution. This double po sition' has caused some difficulty. In the United States this has been set tled in a very simple, and as it seems to me, eminently satisfactory man ner. Here every clergyman is for the time being while officiating at a wedding an officer of the state, so the one ceremony is at the same time the civil and the religious marriage cere mony. Then, for those who do not desix*e a religious ceremony there is provided opportunity to have the ceremony performed by a judicial magistrate. In France and in several other countries the civil ceremony is al ways performed apart from the re ligious and always by a government official. This necessitates two cere monies for those who wish to be mar ried by a clergyman. (To be continued) Real Estate Transfers. Town of St. Johns. May 10—Nels J. Strandberg and wife to Anton Peterson, w1/^ °f %, swy4 of ney4, sec. 19, 120 a., $8,000. May 10—Anton Peterson and wife to C. G. Carlberg, n% of ne%f swi4 of ney4, sec. 19, 120 a., $8,000. Town of Green Lake. May 13—Asmund Sonderson arid Avife to Andrew and Anna Stina Johnson, lots 1 and 2 exc. 27 acres of lot 2, sec. 6 eV2 of nw%, wy2 of ne}4 exc. 10 acres, sec. 5 w1/^ of ..vi/4, lot 1 of lot 3, sec. 5 $10,350-. May 14—Eda Swenson and hus band to Andrew Nelson, west 27 acres of lot 2, 27 acres, $3,000. Town of Lake Andrew. May 13—Emily Holm, guardian, to Albert Monson, und. 1-10 of lot 2 of sei/4, of lot 3 and of of sec. 36, 102.50 a., $370. May 13—Emily Holm, widow, to Albert Monson, lot 2 of se^4, lot 3, ney4 of seV4, sec. 36,102.50 a., $1.00. May 13—Annie Holm and Carl Holm to Albert Monson, und. 1-5 of lot 2 of sey4, of lot 3 and of ne% of sey4, sec 36, 102.50 a., $720. May 13—Carl Peterson, Inga Sjo qnist, Emma Wester and Katharina Anderson to Albert Monson, und. 7 10 of lot 2 of se% of lot 3 and of nei4 of se%, see. 36, 102.50 a., $2,520. Village of New London. May 14—Sebastian Mack and wife to Mrs. Anna Camp, south 93V2 feet of lots 17 and 18, blk. 5, $8,000. City of Willmar. May 13—John Schoolheim and wife to G. A. Foster, east 50 feet of lots 12, 13 and 14, blk. 40, $2,800. May 13—Jesse E. Leslie and Fran cis L. Leslie to Christ Aekerman and Earl Russell Aekerman, lots 1 and 2, blk. 60, $1.00. The Best Citizen. Theodore Christianson. He is the best citizen who uses his abilities and his op portnnities for the community good. Not he who owns pro perty, but he who improves and beautifies it not he who tears down, but he who re builds after he has torn down not he who doubts and scoffs and sneers, but lie who dreams and has the energy to work to make his dreams come true he who lays bricks and mortar and plants trees and flowers who never uses a hammer except to re-fasten a board in the community wall he is the first citizen, the greatest pioneer, of our re juvenated city. Bids Wanted. The undersigned hereby gives-not ice that sealed proposals for the erection of a new school house in District No. 46, Kandiyohi, Minn., in cluding all labor and material, will be received by the Building Commit tee until the hour of 7:30 p. m,, on the 24th day of May, 1913. All bids must be in strict accord ance with the plans and specifica tions, prepared by Mr. F. E. Haldon of Minneapolis, which may be seen at the office of Nels Norell on and after May 10, 1913, and may also be seen on application to Nels Norell, Kandiyohi, Minn. The right is reserved to reject any or all bids. ELMER P. JOHNSON, Clerk, NOBLE PIONEER WOMAN A Few Appreciative Lines Written to Commemorate the Memory of Mrs. Hanna E. Eklund. Mrs. Hanna Erika Eklund (born Wicklund) was born in Stegsjo par ish, Angermanland, Sweden, Oct. 9, 1842, and died in Kingsburg, Calif., April 27, 1913. She was at her death 69 years, 7 months and 18 days old. Mrs. Eklund together with her par ents, Mr. and Mrs. Peter Wicklund, emigrated to this country the first part of July, 1850, and landed the last part of August. They came to Minnesota during the spring of 1851 and to Kandiyohi county in 1858. Here they located on Section 34, Town of Gennessee, until the Indian outbreak. Mr. Wicklund never came back to this county after the Indian outbreak. He died in Anoka, Minn. Hanna Erika Wicklund was united in marriage to A. M. Eklund in I860. After the Indian outbreak Mr. and Mrs. Eklund settled down on Section MRS. HANNA ECKLUND. 2, town of Lake Elizabeth. After having lived here a few years they moved to Kandiyohi Station, where Mr. Eklund became engaged in busi ness. From there they moved to South Bend, Washington, where they lived a number of years. The last years of Mrs. Eklund's life were spent in Kingsburg, Cal. For many years Mrs. Eklund had been suffer ing from various diseases until she was ealled to a better world for re ward. Our beloved sister had suffer ed many hardships together with the rest of the pioneers. All who learn ed to know her could not help but love her. She was always ready to help the needy and nurse the sick without any reward even if she had to share her own comforts. Her love and kindness was tenderly lavished on her friends, with the suffering poor, the outcast and neglected, or the strange and lonely. By giving How One Woman Overcame a Habit of Procrastination. The following little article by Lucia Bosley entitled "Outwits the Thief of Time" is taken from the June American Magazine. "Of all my many bad habits, I think procrastination was the very worst. I used to put things off and quiet my conscience with the easy excuse that another time would an swer every purpose, or that, if cir cumstances had been easier, I would have done it in time enough. I had a startling realization of the strength of this bad habit one day when ser ious consequences had resulted so I determined then and there with all the force of my will that I would break it up and rout my enemy, foot and horse. Little did I dream of what was before me. I tried,—God knows how I tried!—but the habit was victor more often than I till at last one night after I had gone to bed almost in despair over my.many defeats, like a flash came back to me the psychologic basis of habit making that our habits are paths running through our brain. With that thought in mind I began intel ligently to combat my foe. "The rules I worked out for break ing my bad habit are these: Sinc.e good habits are as powerful as bad ones, I determined to replace my bad habit of procrastination by the good one of promptness. In fact, to let the old pathway disappear for lack of use and to develop a new one. That this new pathway might soon become strongly marked by much use, I made important engagements that must be carried out on the min ute or not at all, plans in which an instant of delay would result so dis astrously that I shuddered at the thought. I never allowed an excep tion. I set every ounce of will-pow er I possessed against one slip-back. If I said at night that I would get up the moment my watch said seven o'clock, I got up, even though the town clock had not yet struck the hom. After a time, as I gained mv victories, I devised all kinds of things as a test of my arrowing pow er of„promptness things that were not at all necessary, such as com pleting a book in a certain time, ar riving on a specified corner at a de finite moment, or reaching an ap pointment one minute before the ap pointed hour. Thus I practiced my herself and her alms, she fed her self, her hungering neighbor and the Christ who said: "In asmuch as ye did it unto the least of these ye have done it unto me." Her spiritual blessings were like the five loaves and two fishes, they multiplied when she began to give them away. Life for her was full of joy and sunlight because she shared what is meant to be shared. Light is light only when some world gives the sun an atmosphere upon which it can pro duce its vibrations. The light of our lives must be found in that which we give to others. Mrs. Eklund was a sincere Chris tian and loyal to the Swedish M. E. church of which she and her hus band were members, from its first or ganization. Mr. and Mrs. Eklund's union was blessed with 5 children, 4 of which passed before their mother to the everlasting home. She leaves to mourn her death a husband, who is too frail to be with us today at this memorial and one son Andrew. May peace be with her memoryi Life is real! Life is earnest! And the grave is not is goal Dust thou art, to dust returnest, Was not spoken of the soul. Not enjoyment, and not sorrow, Is our destined end or way But to act that Each tomorrow Finds us further than today. Art is long, Time is fleeting, And our hearts, though stout and brave, Still, like muffled drums, are beating Funeral marches to the grave. In the world's broad field of battle, In the bivouac of Life, Be not like dumb driven cattle! Be a hero in the strife. Trust no future, howe'er pleasant' Let the dead past bury its dead, Act—act in the living present, Heart within and God o'erhead. —Contributed. ity. After many I observed that my will was baving an easier time than before, until, in the course of a year and a half, promptnessWas. so much second nature to me that I never ev en thought of procrastinating." Teachers' Training School. A four weeks' training school for teachers will be held at Willmar be ginning Wednesday, July 2 at 9 o' clock a. m. The conductor will be Supt. J. H. Hay of Thief River. His associates will be Supt. G. Holm quist of Long Prairie, Miss Alberta Aekerman of Cannon Falls, and Miss Grace A. Randall of Minneapolis. With a corps of teachers as strong as these it seems the success of the summer school is already assured. All who intend to teach in this county next fall are "expected to at tend a summer school unless there should be some special reasons for an excuse. The following must at tend the summer school at Willmar or some other: Those who will have certificates to renew at the August examination, those who intend to ex change a limited second grade for a complete certificate and those who expect to get a certificate to teach next fall. Review classes will be conducted in all subjects required for a second grade certificate and in those for first grade in which there may be a sufficient demand. There will be a class in general pedagogy and also a model school. A special instructor in agriculture and home economics for one week each may also be pro vided. Write this office for further in formation necessary. Yours respectfully, W. D. FREDERICKSON, Co. Supt. of Schools. For Bethesda Homes. To its Patrons and Friends: This is to inform'you that the Bethesda Homes is in the contest for the piano offered by the G. 0. Sand Clothing Co., as a premium and that our number is 190. Any person wishing to assist us to get same would confer a great favor to leave numbers for us at said Company's store, and thereby greatly oblige. Adv.-7w. CHRIST A. OLSON. The Metropolitan Barber Shop, Bank of Willmar Building, B. T. Otoe, proprietor, is the shop to got a BLOCKADED Every Household in Willmar Should Know How to Resist It. If your baek aches because the kidneys are blockaded, You should help the kidneys with their work. Doan's Kidney Pills are especially for weak kidneys. Recommended by thousands here's testimony from this vicinity. Mrs. A. A. Cole, Sibley Ave., Litchfield, Minn., says: "Last spring I had a sharp, piercing pain in my back and was hardly able to get about. Headaches annoyed me and often an attack of dizziness came on without apparent cause. When I saw Doan's Kidney Pills advertised, I procured a box and after using them 1 was relieved. This remedy de serves my most hearty endorsement." (Statement given September 6th, 1906). RE-ENDORSEMENT. Later Mrs. Cole added to the above: "I have had no recurrence of kidney trouble whatever. You may continue to publish my former en dorsement of Doan's Kidney Pills." For sale by all dealers. Price 50 cents. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, New York, sole agents for the United States. Remember the name—Doan's— and take no other. State Examinations. The state examinations in the com mon branches will be offered in the fol lowing: schools: Kandiyohi, Pennock, Districts No. 36, 66, 77, 72, 91, 30, 88. 9, 81S, 1, 39, 8IN, 17, 68, 4, 63N, 5, 90. Pupils in other districts wishing to write must go to one or those men tioned in this notice. Bring pen and black ink along and be sure to be on time. Paper will be furnished. PROGRAM. Friday, May 23 Spelling (30 minutes).. Eighth Grade Composition (90 minutes) American History (2 hours).. 9:00 a.m. 9:30 a.m. 2:00 p.m. Monday, May 26 Geography (2 hours) 10:15 a.m. Physiology (2 hours) 2:00 p.m. Tuesday, May 27 Civil Gov't. (2 hours) 8:00 a.m. English Grammar (2 hours). 10:15a,m. Wednesday, May 28 Arithmetic (2 hours) 10:15 a.m. This program must be followed strict, ly.* Changes cannot be allowed. The papers must be sent to the county su perintendent not later than May 30. W. D. FREDERICKSON, Co. Supt. of Schools. County Maps. OUR STOCK OF Kandiyohi Coun ty wall maps, printed in seven colors, is becoming low. After June 4, 1913, all previous offers will be withdrawn and the price will be $1.00 each for those remaining, if any do remain^ We still have a few school maps of the county on hand which we sell at $2.00 each. The school-houses which still lack this necessity for studying local geography should secure one at, once. *%i'Hi&l ^V^M^S^f^ Here's a chance for a substantial saving 150 PAIRS OF LACE CURTAINS AT 40% DISCOUNT OUR STOCK OF RUG S AND DRAPERIES is the largest in Central Minnesota and is offered at most reasonable prices. Please do us the honor of making a call to look over our goods and get our prices before making your spring purchases. Notice of Hearing of Petition for Sewer on Jessie Street and E. Becker Avenue In the City of Willmar. Notice is hereby given that a peti tion has been filed in the office of the City Clerk in the City of Willmar, Min nesota, signed by P. E. Parson, Alfred Bergeson, B. J. Branton and others, asking for the construction of a sewer on Jessie Street between Minnesota and Becker Avenues and running East on Becker Avenue to Mayson Street in said City, and the said matter is now pending before the Council of the said City. In order to make room for our new stock coming in we are offering one hundred and fifty pairs of lace curtains at 40 per cent discount Notice is further given that the City Council of the said City has declared its intention and purpose to cause the said improvement to be made and to assess the abutting property that will be benefitted by said improvement for the cost and expense of same and have further fixed the time and place for the hearing upon said petition on May 26th, A. D. 1913, at 8 o'clock in the after noon of that day at the Council Cham bers in the City Hall building in said City. from regular prices. Spring housecleaning will soon be here. It will pay the thrifty housewife to anticipate her needs in the curtain line and make a selection at these very special prices we are making now. The first to come get the largest number of patterns to piek from Notice is further given that on that day and at that place all parties in terested in the said improvement, and whose property will be affected by the said improvement, and whose property will be assessed for the construction of the said sewer, or in any manner af fected by the building of said sewer, may then and there appear and be heard in said matter. Dated at Willmar, Minnesota, May 13th, 1913. HANS GUNDERSON 2wks City Clerk. If you are in the market for ce ment blocks or cement tile write us for prices as we can save you money and give you the best there is on the market. We use plenty of cement and steam dry all our goods. May nard Cement Stone, Brick & Tile Co. Dr. H. F. Porter, Dentistry, Carl son Block, Willmar.—Adv. $£r* 'vS^" (First publication April 30-4t) Citation for Hearing on Final Account and for Distribution. Estate of John William Carlson. State of Minnesota, County of Kandi yohi, In Probate Court. In the Matter of the Estate of John William Carlson, Decedent: The State of Minnesota to all persons interested in the final account and dis tribution of the estate of said decedent: The representative of the above named decedent, having filed in this Court his final account of Die administration of the estate of said decedent, together with his petition praying for the ad justment and allowance of said final account and for distribution of the resi due of said estate to the persons there unto entitled THEREFORE, TOU, AND EACH OF YOU, are hereby cited and required to show cause, if any you have, before this Court at the Probate Court Rooms In the Court House, In the City of Willmar, in the County of Kan diyohi, State of Minnesota, on the 26th day of May, 1913, at 2 o'clock p. m., why said petition should not be granted. Witness, the Judge of said Court, and the Seal of said Court, this 29th day of April. 1913. (COURT SEAL) T. O. GILBERT, R. W. STANFORD, Attorney for Petitioner, Willmar, Minn. (First publication May 7-4t) Order limiting Time to Pile Claims, and for Hearing' Thereon. Estate of Stina Skoglund. State of Minnesota, County of Kandi yohi, In Probate Court. In the Matter of the Estate of Stina Skoglund, Decedent. Letters of Administration this day having been" granted to John A. Skog lund of said County, It Is Ordered, that the time within which all creditors of the above named decedent may present claims against his estate in this court, be, and the same hereby is, limited to three months from and after the date hereof and that Monday, the 11th day of August, 1913, at 2 o'clock p. m., in the Probate Court Rooms at the Court House at Willmar in said County, be, and the same hereby is, fixed and appointed as the time and place for hearing upon and the examination, adjustment and allowance of such claims as shall be presented within the time aforesaid. Let notice hereof be given by the publication of this order in the Will mar Tribune as provided by law. Dated May 3rd, 1913. (SEAL) T. O. GILBERT, Judge of Probate. GEO. H. OTTERNESS, Attorney, Willmar, Minn. There Are Several Good Separators BUT THERE IS Only One Best Separatorsa*\ the MILWAUKEE FEW REASONS WHY The Only Separator with Interchangeable Alomiam The Only Separator with No Numbers On Discs. The Only Separator with SelMSalanciog Discs. The Only Separator with Clarifying Discs. MADE IN THREE CAPACITIES: Capacity No. of Discs. Weight of Bowl Price THE 500 lbs. 12 6 lbs. 2oz. $50.00 MILWAUKEE 750 lbs. 15 6 lbs. 12 oz. 55.00 800 lbs. 21 8 lbs. Ooz. 60.00 Compare the number of Discs, the weight of the bowls and the PRICES with other make separators of like capacity and high-grade qualitg. A five year written guarantee gees with every Machine. You take no lisle. Let us give you a demonstration—See the MILWAUKEE at NELSON & GABBERT Corner Sixth and Benson Ave. Willmar, Minn. n: Probate Judge. 3t* Discs.