Newspaper Page Text
\1 iw •\v ,1V •1. .J 1- Prof. G. A. Foster, superintendent of city schools, submitted a written report to the Board of Education at the close of the last school year, which covered detail the various, activities of the public schools. This voluminous report furnished an ex cellent means of informing the board members, especially the newly-elect ed ones, of the status and condition of the schools. In studying the same, it occurred to the editor that some parts of it, especially, would be in teresting to the public generally. We therefore reproduce the following extract from Supt. Foster's report, and commend it to a eaieful perusal by all our leadens. We behe\e in publicity of public affans. Open and fiee discussion o£ public problems al\\a\b makes it easier to find and applj a corieet solution. Yesterday the Boaid made a hasty tour of in spection of the six public school buildings of the city, and it was a tup that anyone should take befoie thev undeitake to discuss Willmar school nmtteis. Veiy few people leah/e the magnitude of the system. Only the items of minor repairs needed will foot up to considerable. The columns of the Willmar Tribune aie always open at all times foi communications and exchange of ideas on public matters. Paits of Supt Fostei's. lepoit follows: "ENROLLMENT—The total en rollment in the Willmar high school now leaches 221, of which number 24 A\eie em oiled in the Faim Stud ent's Agncultural Shoit Course, leaving 197, as the enrollment of the high bdiool pioper. [The giade en lollment was 878.] "ORGANIZATION—Within last four jears the oiganization of the high school has been materially changed. Depaitments of Wood woiking, Blacksmithmg, Agiicultuie, Domestic Science, Domestic Art, Noimal Training and Scandinavian languages have been added. New quaiteis have been piovided and equipped for successfully cariying on the vvoik in the^e depaitments, likewise the courses of study have been re-modeled such a way as to accommodate the varying needs of the school. The Blacksmith Shop. "INDUSTRIAL DEPARTMENTS —Blacksmithmg: Beginning with the opening of the school year the high school bos constiucted a black smith shop, which was completed and equipped in time for the opening of the Farm Student's Shoit Course in Agnculture, on the 4th of Novem bei. The expenence of the year has demonstrated that the blacksmith shop supplies a long felt want on the pait of the agricultural community suiiounding the city of Willmar, and also that quite a percentage of the boys in the city, who are mechan ically inclined, much prefer to take up couises combining both scientific theory and mactical demonstration, to those courses which are no moie scientific and present far less oppor tunity to do things and make things in a mateiial sense. "The time of the instiuetor has been occupied just with those who have been peimitted to take the work, but, had time permitted, a laige numbei of other students would have been glad could they have en rolled in these courses. "The woik has been conducted in a practical mannei. These students have been taught to make things which could be used in the shop, to gether with the piocesses of welding, the forming ot nons into various shapes, and the woiking out of prac who previous to their taking the tical problems such as the making of cold chisels, punches, bolts, nuts, rings, chains, etc., etc. The only complaint that I have heard from anybody taking the work was that time was too short, and the oppor tunity was too limited to do as much of the work as they desired to do. On the other hand, I have been told by parents, who live on the farm, that boys, who have had blacksmith shops at home, but have never learn ed to use them, could scarcely en dure the two weeks Christmas vaca tion, because of their anxiety to get back to the shop and continue along the line of instruction which was be ing given them. These same boys, who previous to their taking the work here, had paid almost no atten tion to their equipments at home, now spent voluntarily almost all their vacation time working in these same shops upon the farm. "If the farmers around Willmar are wise and equip their farm with small forges and the most necessary tools, there is every reason to behevo that the incentive given to the work here, together with the amount of in struction obtained, will be sufficient to cause them to take a decidedly different view of the whole work up on the farm, and they will be able to do a great deal towards keeping repair and preserving the life of the machines upon the farm. WILLMAR PUBUC SCHOOL MATTERS DISCUSSED A Few Extracts From the Report of Supt Foster to the Board of Education. Working in Wood. "Woodwork: Besides the work in the blacksmith shop various items of furniture and small pieces in wood were taken up, and completed by the boys in the Short Course. Two of them made extension wagon boxes at a cost of about $13.00, which would ha\ cost them at least $20.00 if purchased in the ordinary way, and it was generally believed by the boys taking the course, that the box es they made were of better material and finished such a way as to wear longer than the boxes which they might have purchased. "Besides the work of the farm boys, the regular Woodwork includ ing mechanical drawing, and prob lems in joinery and furniture making have been carried on by the boys of the Seventh Grade and the various classes of the High Sehool. In ad dition to this, which is the major part of the work, repairing of furn ltuie, wood-turning, belt lacing, and work with gasoline engines has also been taken up by the department of manual training. Domestic Science. "Cooking: The gnls in the cooking department have this year been giv en a veiy thorough course in the chemistry and the values of the var ious food principles, the cooking of vegetables, meats, bieads, pastries, desseats lor the home, with a spec ial course in cooking for invalids. In order that the work of the cooking department may be as practical as possible, and that the girls may have actual expenence in serving and pre siding at the table in the presence of guests, luncheons have been served tiom time to time by the pupils of the class. One pupil does the cooking, another the serving, and the third acts as hostess for the occasion. To teach economy and give experience in buying, the hostess for the occas ion has sold six tickets at twenty cents each, and out of the fund thus denved, she has been expected to furnish all of the food served on that occasion. The girl who can serve the best meal for the money leeeives a coi responding high mark for her work. These luncheons have served to somewhat socialize the work of the school, and have brought the general public and the department of domestic science into closer re lationship than could otherwise have existed, in as much as the guests at the luncheons must be others than the pupils or teachers of the schools. "During the Farmer's Short Couise a department for women was maintained, in which Mrs. Baker of the University Extension Department assisted Miss Hough in carrying on the work. About eighty women at tended the course during the week, and fiom all appearances the work was a decidedly important part of the Farmer's Short Course. Sewing. "Sewing: The sewing work is giv en to the girls of the Seventh Grade which hand work is undertaken, and to the girls of the Sophomore and Senior classes of the high school. The work in the high school consists of machine work and drafting, cut ting, fitting and making of a suit of ladies' underwear, together with one or more dresses, and the repairing and re-modeling of old garments. It is both interesting and gratifying to hear the girls, who have passed thru these couises in the high school, tell of the clothes they are making at home, and of the cooking they also do there. In this connection I may say that the girls taking the course in cooking are expected to report at least twice a week on the dishes which they have prepared in their homes, and with this report is ex pected a criticism by the mother or other grown up member of the fam ily. This last feature furnishes a close correlation between the home and school kitchen, and serves at all times as a cheek upon the tendency towards impractical dishes and ten dencies in the school. Benefits of Work. "One girl who took the sewing in the Farm Student's Short Course was immediately engaged by her far mer friends to make three dresses like the one she had made during her course in school, and others were soon doing work in their homes which they had never thought of, or never had been able to do before. The work in the Domestic Art and Domestic Science department is at all times of a serious minded nature, and the girls are being taught, and endeavoring at all times, to better things, to be practical and worthy home makers. It is safe to predict that the time is not far distant when the value of scientific and system atic instruction in home making will make itself felt in the better living conditions of the average American home. Work in Agriculture. "Agriculture Department: The work in the department of agricul ture during the past year has been very gratifying to those engaged in it. The spirit of friendship and co operation extended to the workers by the farmers of the county has been very marked. The attendance at the evening meetings show an in crease of approximately 30 per cent over the attendance at similar meet ings a year ago. Work on Farms. "Mr. McNelly has been called on more and more as the year advanc- &$-^$P'' k^3^^^v^#afe|^%^^?•£• es, for assistance in such lines of work as testing milk, testing seed corn, grafting and pruning orchards, taking grade for drainage ditches, assistance in purchasing various kinds of pure bred live stock, the balancing of feed rations, the treat ment of hog cholera, the planting of certain crops, planning of rotations for farms, and in many other ways, which I can not at this time recall. Schoolhouse Meetings. "We have held during the year the following meetings: twenty-two rur al school house evening meetings, twenty-two day visits to the asso ciated schools, fourteen meetings of a mote general nature, where either Mr. McNelly or the Superintendent has taken part, three Farmer's In stitutes, two teacher's meetings, one Stock Breeder's Association meeting, one Farmer's Short Course Week and two luncheons where the rural school officers were in attendance, and the agricultural work of the As sociated school was taken up. The average attendance at the rural school house evening meetings has been thirty-four this year as com pared with twenty-six last year. The three Farmer's Institutes averaged one hundred, the Stock Breeder's Association meeting had an attend ance of over two hundred, whde the enrollment at the Farmer's Short Course was five hundred nine as compared to an enrollment last year of two hundred sixty-three. Theie were a large number who attended some of the sessions, but who did not enroll. The total attendance duiing the week for the sessions was approximately four thousand, while the attendance at all other meetings during the year was about two thou sand five hundred forty-four, making a grand total of nearly seven thou sand, which does not include the work done in the day visits to the rural schools. Work of the Summer. "The work for the present spring and summer, which has been planned by the Superintendent and agricul tural instructor, and which we hope may be successfully accomplished, as follows: the general study and judging of corn in the rural schools the interesting of boys and girls in the raising of pure bred poultry, both in town and in the surrounding country the growing of home gard ens the conducting of seven demon stration tracts of not less than five acres each, in conjunction with the agricultural extension department, on farms near Willmar the interest ing of men the corn contests dur ing the summer the carrying on of a separate contest in corn for boys encouraging boys and girls and grown people in raising and making things for exhibition at the County Fair the preparation and giowing of a school industrial exhibition to be shown at the State Fair next fall eertain demonstrations and experi ments, orcharding, and farm gard ening on the school demonstration farm encouraging and assisting in the choice and selection and impor tation of pure bred live stock the organizing and conducting of a cow testing association and the carrying on of such other extension work as time and occasion may suggest. Some of the work as suggested here has already been started, and good progress made. The corn study and judging in the rural schools has been completed, the corn contest work for men and boys is under way, impor tation of pure bred stock has begun and work in cow testing is now be ing carried on with sixteen farmers. In this connection the farmers agree to weigh all milk, both night and morning, and keep a reeord of the same, and Mr. McNelly agrees that once a month he will visit each farm and take samples of the milk, make tests of the same to determine the butter fat content and figure the to tal butter fat for the month. It is believed that this work will clearly demonstrate to the farmers the dif ference between good and poor cows, the importance of proper housing, care and feeding of dairy cows, and the value of more and better live stock upon the farm as well as the necessity for the erection of more silos and the need for growing more corn. The Normal Department. "Normal Department: The Normal Department of our schools has now been in operation for three years. In a number of places I am told that the normal department has not fitted in well with the rest of the system, and that there is friction and gener al dis-satisfaction to the point that the normal department is to be drop ped from the school. I am pleased to say that in our system the nor mal department is doing a splendid work. It is appreciated by the pu pils, the teachers, and I believe by the School Board and townspeople as well. It furnishes an opportun ity for girls and boys, who wish to teach in the rural schools, a chance for professional training which the County Superintendent says is equal to two years of experience by them selves. It has saved the school dis trict the expense of at least one grade teacher, and has furnished needed assistance to the teachers in over-crowded grades. Taken alto gether the work is very satisfactory, and in my judgment is a very much needed department in our schools. Scandinavian. "Scandinavian Languages: Work in Scandinavian languages, which was introduced into the high school course last September by the direc tion of the voters at the annual school 'meeting last year, has pro- gressed in af very satisfactory ~man^! ner. The pupils have taken this mat ter seriously and have entered into the work with the evident desire to acquire knowledge, and not for the purpose of securing a credit in the easiest way. "We were fortunate in securing a young lady to handle this work who was also well founded in the other language work of the school. The classes are not large, six having en rolled for Norwegian-Danish and thirteen in the Swedish class. This undoubtedly does not signify that a very small per cent of the school are interested in these languages but is due very largely to the fact that, in order that those who are about to graduate might have the opportun ity to study these languages, the en rollment this year was confined to Junior and Senior years. It is quite probable that, because of the fact that four classes per day must be maintained hereafter to accommo- date students of these classes, a" similar arrangement may have to be made for the future—a beginners class in each language in the Junior year and a second year's class in each language in the Senior year. It would be possible to introduce this work into any other two consecutive years of the course but, because of the large number of conflicts which would be occasioned, it would seem to be practically impossible to allow pupils to undertake this work during any of the four years which they might choose. "New books in these languages have recently been published, and more will undoubtedly appear from time to time as the work goes on, and the question of supplying suit able material to work with, which was a serious one a few years ago, is now largely lemoved and will Without doubt entirely disappear within a very shoit time. The Office Assistant. OFFICE WORK: In the spring of 1911 the school board proposed that a seeretaiy should be engaged to as sist the Superintendent carrying on the accounting work of the sys tem. Previous to this time a Super intendent had been paid $200.00 a month, and then forced to spend a large part of his time in doing of fice work, which could be hired done for less than one-fourth of that sal ary. Under this condition the Su perintendent, while doing this work, continually felt guilty because he was not giving his time to the larger and more impoitant part of the school woik but, when he was away from the office \i siting schools, he likewise felt guilty because he knew his office work was being neglected. The question might be fairly raised as to whether it is profitable and proper for the sehool district to en gage a person to do service of this kind. Could not the Superintendent do all of this work outside of the regular school hours, and yet have all of his school time for work of a pedagogical nature? Those not having undertaken the task might be inclined to that view, but one who is acquainted with the actual workings of the institution, knows that this can not be done. "The present secretary is kept al most constantly busy from eight thirty in the morning until five o' clock at night. This would mean that the Superintendent would be requir ed to do about eight hours of work outsider of what he now has to do before and after school. When it is taken into consideration that a Su perintendent of a Putnam school must attend a large number of School Board meetings, educational meetings, rural school evening meet ings, enforce the truancy law, hold numberless consultations with teach ers before and after school, visit and supervise associated rural schools, hold consultations with parents and and continually interview business agents dealing with schoor apparatus and supplies, oversee buildings, re pairs and improvements, supervise the classification, grading and pro motion of eleven hundred pupils, in vestigate the merits of and employ thirty teachers, act as a mediary be tween teachers, pupils, board mem bers and parents, collect tuition from students from outside schools, it can easily be seen that he has enough to do outside of school hours to keep him busy, if he is willing to work. And, when it is further taken into consideration that one-half of his time during the school year has in the past been taken up with actual teaching work, it should be a self evident fact that none of the small part of time left should necessarily be taken away from actual supervis ion of the work of the school. "A casual investigation of the rec ords now kept, in comparison with the records kept heretofore, would of itself demonstrate the wisdom of the School Board in taking this action. Every dollar taken in and every dol lar which goes out is carefully and systematically accounted for, rec oids of every pupil in the system from the Primary to the Senior high school year are kept, so that the schools of Willmar are at the pres ent time one of three systems which have permanent records of individ ual children running back over a penod of years. The other two sys tems, I believe, are Faribault and Bramerd. School Taxes. "TAXES—In a public school sys tem the subject is always of inter est to Board members and tax-pay ers. It is proper that the Board should know whether the schools are being run on a practical and econ omical basis. On the other hand it is light that, in a community able to do so, the schools should be sup ported in a generous and not in pe nurious way. In order that we might be posted as to the financial condi tion of Willmar, it has been my en deavor, during my term of service here, to keep myself posted as best I could upon the cost of public edu cation in our city, as compared to the cost of education in other school •districts, both in Minnesota and in other states. "I have investigated the situation from various points of view. I have compared the cost from a tax-rate basis. I have compared the cost per pupil in this and other schools, and I have compared the cost per $10, 000.00 true valuation here with the cost per $10,000.00 true valuation elsewhere. I find that, accordmg to State Inspector Alton's last report of high schools, the average rate of taxation in Minnesota high school towns was slightly over 21 mills, while in Willmar, figuring on the same basis, the tax rate per pupil, the tax rate was but 16.3 mills, and at the present time is but 15.2 mills. The cost per pupil in the Willmar schools approximates $28.00 while there are about 50 cities whose av erage cost is over $38.00, and the in dividual school districts run up to as high as $77.00 per pupil. other citizens of the school district is taxing its property 7.2 mills of its More Comparisons. "Likewise, in comparing the amount of money used for public school educational purposes here as compared to the amount used else "where. I find from the last report of the Minnesota State Tax Commis sion that Willmar is using $71.20 out of every $10,000.00 of its true val uation while there are a large num ber of schools within our state who are demanding from the tax-payers more than $100.00 out of every $10, 000.00 of their true valuation for their public school purposes. Some even are demanding as high or high er than $200.00 for every, $10,000.00 of their true valuation. Stated in other words this means that Willmar true valuation for school purposes, while some Minnesota high school towns are demanding as high as 20 mills based upon their true* property valuation. The only way of deter mining whether taxes are high or low is by comparison, and judging by comparing the tax demanded in Willmar for its school system with the taxes demanded in other Minne sota high school towns, it may be truthfully said that the school taxes in Willmar are below the average. The Bonded Indebtedness. "The bonded indebtedness of this school district is $71,500.00. There are 61 high school districts in the state which have a higher bonded in debtedness in proportion to the as sessed valuation than we have. In considering the cost of education it is customary to compare the amount of school taxes paid in a district with the amounts which were paid in the same district in previous years. If we were to make a com parison in this way, we should ex pect to find the taxes higher at the present time than in the past. Ex penses of all kinds have been in creased, and it would be reasonable to suppose that the cost of public school education should rise in pro portion to the cost of other things but, even in making the comparison in this way, it is found that the school taxes in the city of Willmar have not increased anywhere near in proportion to the cost of other things. For the four years begin smg with 1899 and closing with 1902 the average rate of special school taxes in this district was a little ov er 17.7 mills, and when this is com pared with our rate of 16.3 mills last year and 15.2 mills this year, it will be seen that the rate of taxation is not advancing, but is holding its own in a very gratifying way. "I am not, prepared to say what the general taxes of the city have been but, if a person in paying his taxes finds that they are higher in propor tion to the valuation of property than those in former years, he can not justly lay it to increased cost of education. It may be that the sum total of his taxes are greater than in years before, but, if his property is rising in value, he should be willing to pay the increased amount of tax es, so long as the rate of taxation is not advancing. Wdlmar has a large enrollment of sehool children and therefore the citizens should be pre pared to meet a cor-respondingly large amount for sehool purposes. I have compared a few cities in the state, at random, with Willmar and find the following conditions. If the public school enrollment in these eit les were to bear the same ratio to the city population as our school en rollment bears to our city popula tion, their school enrollment would have to be materially increased as the following table will show: & Does Should have have Fergus Falls 1325 1602 St. Cloud 1091 2540 Little Falls 1283 1456 Faribault 1219 2157 Austin 1188 1665 Red Wing 1537 2141 Rochester 1195 1879 Brainerd '. 1896 2043 "If Willmar does have a consider ably larger percentage of children in school, as the above few cities, which I have taken time to look up, would indicate, we can hardly expect them for the same amount of money that another city spends on a few hundred less. A New Building Needed. "RECOMMENDATIONS—Consid ering the needs of the schools, as I have from various angles, the follow ing recommendations and sugges tions would seem to be in order: first, as is at the present time being con sidered, a new building built upon the present site of the Lincoln school sufficiently large to accommodate seven grades and the normal depart ment. Such a budding would relieve the present crowded condition in the second, third, fourth and fifth grades of the central district, 'and at the same tune leave room enough in the central for growth and adjustment in the high school and grades for some time to come. If this building is erected, I would -suggest that the Board consider the advisability of dividing the school above the sixth grades into two main departments, one to be known as the Junior high school and the other to be known as the Senior high school. The Junior high school would then consist of the 7th, 8th and 9th grades, while the Senior high school would consist of tenth, eleventh and twelfth grades. The reasons for making this sug gestion are as follows: first, there are a number of boys and girls in the sixth, seventh and eighth grades who do not wish to, or plan to, enter the high school and take a regular high school course. They are, however, obliged by law tfo attend school until they have reached their sixteenth birthday, or until they have complet ed the eighth grade work/ The law compels their attendance and com pels me to see that they are in school. Coming in this way and tak ing the work which they are forced to take, they come and remain under protest, often times openly declaring that they are in school simply to sit out the time required by law until they may be released from the burd- Would Divide High School. en. If the school could be divided as suggested it would be possible to divide these pupils into two classes and give those who are planning on taking the regular high school work, the kind'of work which best suits them for high school and at the same tune to modify the advanced work in Grammar, Arithmetic, History, etc., in .such a way as to meet the re quirements of practical life for those who do not wish to take the high school course. This arrangement would also make it possible for us to make promotions in the, seventh, eighth and ninth grades by subjects instead of, by grades, as is done and of necessity must be done under present. conditions. It Further, this arrangement would relieve the present crowded condi tions in the laboratory in the high school building. Under present con- ditions it is necessary for the teach er in Physics to gebt oub and sett uU v*. aim. s±j aMXsa fcv OrUU OC apparatus in the morning for her Physics class, then take it to pieces and put it away before the after noon session, to accommodate the sixty pupils -who take Zoology or Physiology in the afternoon, whereas it is generally desirable and occas ionally necessary that at least a por tion of the Physics class shall have an opportunity to complete experi ments tune did not permit to be done at the regular Physics period, or to repeat an experiment which was un satisfactorily accomplished, and also to allow an opporunity for ambitious students to put in extra time and thereby gain a more complete and thorough understanding of the sub ject. It has been often times suggested by individual Board members, and some times discussed in Board meet ings that it would be a desirable thing to introduce a course in com mercial subjects in the high school curriculum. Were the Senior high school only to occupy the present high school Quarters it is probable that a room could be set aside for this purpose, if such a course is de sired. I recommend that for the next year, six new forges be placed in the blacksmith shop. The teacher in blacksmithmg can handle twelve at a time just as effectively as he can handle six under the present ar rangement, and his time is too valu able to allow him to spend it with six pupils when the quality of the work would not be lowered, if he were handling twice that number. "It has been my desire that the Willmar school should own a pro jecting lantern, together with edu cational views, that might be used throughout the system. A pupil gains knowledge and insight into human affairs by many various means, and it is now commonly believed by the best educators that a picture thrown upon the screen is often times of more value in teaching a subject, than the reading of various volumes upon that subject. "I have also felt the need of a good victrola or similar machine, to gether with a few high grade rec ords, and a few books portraying the life and character of the authors, to gether with a brief explanation of the musical productions. If such an instrument could be had and moved from room to room, and a few good records played to the children while the history of the author and the production were being studied, be lieve that a love for, and an appre ciation of a higher grade of music could easily be implanted in the heart of every child, and that his course in public school music would become enlivened to him and take on an entirely different meaning. I do not expect that the Board under present financial conditions would feel justified in purchasing these things for the school, however, much they might approve the principle of having them, but I have hoped that the money might be raised in one way or another in the school itself, and that these instruments might he come a part of the equipment within the near future. "STATE ADO—I shall close this report by enumerating approximate ly the amount of aid which this school district will receive beginning with the year 1913-'14. Special high school aid $2,200 Special Industrial aid 2,500 Special Normal department aid 1,000 Special aid for 5 associated school districts 750 Two mill tax on property of associated districts approx imately .,- .,.. 700 Apportionment of public school fund, approximately 5,000 Tuition for those taking indus trial work above the Sixth grade, this year 345 Apportionment for those at tending from associated dis tricts and in the Normal de partment, which we would not otherwise receive, ap proximates 85 relieve the over-crowded condition car Erickson of Duluth are spending which is sure to occur in the present their vacation at J. O. Hagman's. Mr. and Mrs. N. N.. Abrahamson^ high school* auarters within the near .. future. It would be my thought that visited at Gustaf Nordin's in Lake the Junior high school should oc- Andrew Sunday. cupy the second story of the central building, and that the two grade rooms in the high school building ity this week. and the four rooms on the first floor of the central building would serve friends in Atwater last week. to accommodate the six grades which it would be necessary to maintain below the high school in the central group. Respectfully submitted, Q. A FOSTER. Miss Lillian Nelson returned to forgo, N.D., Thursday to resume ler duties as cashier for a candy aart, after a pleasant month's va cation spent with her sister and bro dahL of a -*#&, Mamie, Aug. 11—Mr.^and Mrs. Petes Johnson left for St. Paul last Saturday. They went to see their daughter, Wilma, who is,reported very ill with typhoid fever, Mr. Alfred Norman is assisting his brother Carl with stacking. The Misses Jennie, Hilda and Em- would also ma-Erickson and their brother, Os- Miss Hilma Frykman of Minneap olis is visiting friends in this vicin- Miss Agnes Johnson visited with Miss Alma Eilingson is assisting with the housework at Nels Sletten's. Mr. and Mrs. F. O. Carlson and family spent Sunday afternoon at Emil Lofven's. Mr. A. J. Anderson of Willmar, a a trip out to his farm Friday week, Mr. and Mrs. Gust Swanson and children left for their home in Min- a a a 0 1 Long Lake, Aug. 11—Miss Mar garet Nystuen of Rochester, Minn., is at present visiting at the G. J. Bratberg home. Misses Hannah Lerud, Lillie Lar son and Hans Hagen were Monday evening callers at the H. Nilsen home. Mrs. Anna Swenson visited at the J. Larson home Wednesday evening. Miss Hannah Lerud left Thursday for Minneapolis, after a few weeks' visit at the J. Larsen and E. .Ek blad homes. Miss Alma Bratberg called at the Larsen home Wednesday evening. Mrs. E. Benjamin spent a few days last week at the G. J. Bratberg home. Stanley Johnson and Elmer Jac obson from Spicer, visited with Johnny Larson Friday afternoon. Miss Alma Martinson called at the J. Larsen home Sunday evening. Miss Thora Netland assisted Mrs. Carl Holseth with some housework a few days last week. Miss Alice Bjork visited with Min nie Grorud Saturday afternoon. Misses Olia and Lillie Larsen vis ited from Saturday until Sunday at the E. F. Ekblad home. Remember the Girls'* Society auc tion at Swenson's Saturday evening. Everybody is invited to come. Mrs. Mary Amundsen from VoKn, S. Dak., is at present visiting at the H. Nilsen home. G. J. Bratberg's and C. Hendrick son's were Sunday afternoon callers at the H. Nilsen home. NEW LONDON, ROUTE 3. New London, Aug. 11—Services in the Swedish Lutheran church Sun day at 11 and S. S. at 10 o'clock. Mrs. Louis Myhre and son Ches ter of West Lake are visiting at Wm. Nordstedt's this week. A number of friends were enter tained at the H. Olander home Sun day. Miss Delia Norstedt of Minneap olis spent a few days visiting at the Willie Norstedt home the past week. The annual picnic of the Swedish Lutheran Sunday school will be held at Bear Lake on Friday, Aug. 15. A good time is assured. Mr. and Mrs. Peter Bergeson and family of Willmar spent Sunday at Frank Bergeson's. -. A. Hedin and family moved Monday ther-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Harry Ek- into their beautiful new residence just completed on 4th street. Adolph, Esther and Meroy Oland-v er were callers at Alf. Olander's last Friday. SUNNYSIDE. Sunnyside, Aug. 11—Miss Mildred Smith is a guest at„ the J. Bouska home. -,, *. ^jsS^ George Huisinga visited with some friends here on his way to his home in Danube last week. S^ Rev. Nelson from Morrison ex^ changed pulpits with Rev. Knapp last Sunday. Miss Anna Bengtson is at present assisting with the housework at A Van S W _^T The Ladies' Aid will give an ice cream social Friday, Aug. 22nd. A short program will be given at 8 o' clock. Everybody cordially invited to attend. s*~*3&°-^-*s?if J. F. Holmdahl and family and J. "?A —»'—*-w MM.++M- Pphs on Monday, after visiting relatives and friends here for some time. Mrs. Holt and son of St. Paul are visiting at the Peter Rodman home this week. Mr. and Mrs. Aug. Bergman and famdy spent Sunday afternoon at Thomas Knutson's. Miss Olivia Kalevig visited Sun- Emberland's Mr. C. A. Nelson of Minneapolis was around in this vicinity last week canvassing aluminum cooking uten sils. Miss Anna Swanson entertained about fourteen of her friends for supper last Sunday. Mr. J. B. Abrahamson left for Forman, N. Dak., last Monday. The ice cream social at J. O. Hag man's last Saturday evening was well attended. A good program was rendered. The 1913 harvest is now a thing of the past and stacking is well un der way. The next thing in order is threshing which we welcome back every year just as we do the Will mar street fair. LONG LAKE. 4 3?