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I JAIL FOR THE PATIENT Attorney General Rules Force May Compel Obedience at Willmar Sanitarium. Hereafter the state board of control will have custodian authority over all alcoholic patients confined in the state hospital for inebriates located at Will mar. Patients will have to observe the rules and anyone caught violating the same will have to submit to anv punishment the board of control may see fit to inflict. Since the opening of the sanitor ium at Willmar the board of control and management of the institution have been considerably bothered by patients who insisted on doing what they pleased and by escapes from tne institution. Last month 11 of the 50 inmates confined in the hospital took French leave and only four were re turned. There has also been trouble about whisky and drugs being smug gled in the hospital. Now Attorney General Smith ruled that the board had full custodian pow ers over those confined in the ine briate hospital. The board is now erecting a lockup and hereafter any obstreperous inmate will be promptly placed there. The powers of the board also extend to compulsory work on the part of those receiving treat ment—Minneapolis Tribune. Rev. Livingstone Will Return. We were mistaken in the announce ment that Rev. Theo. Livngstone has resigned his charge at Willmar, the Swedish E church. He was grant ed a leave of absence for three months, and he left last Friday for Gladstone, Mich., where he will re cuperate We are glad to know that Rev. Livingstone will return. He is an energetic and talented pastor well beloved by his congregation, and a good citizen who takes an interest in public affairs. We are glad to num ber him among our friends and are happy to make this correction that his absence is but temporary. Tribune Wants—Only one cent a word ^frf^^W GOOD VENTILATION PREVENTS BIG LOSSES EVERY YEAR It may be hard to tell the exact amount of losses each year due to bad air in your barn and other live stock buildings, but they are big enough to be very important. There's the loss in weight. Live stock can't keep in good condition without fresh air. There's the loss from diseases, many of them the direct result of bad air. There's the loss in feed. What the stock eats does not pro duce flesh and as much market value as it would if the stock were healty—had plenty of fresh air. There are other losses too—plenty to more than make up the cost of a complete KING VENTILATING SYSTEM. We are selling lots of these Aerators for old barns and other buildings as well as new. Come and see the sample, see how it works, see why it's rust proof, storm proof, bird proof. They don't cost much and they are a very necessary part of any barn equipment. H. C. HANSEN, Agent Standard Lumber Co. Willmar, Minn. A SPRAYE FREE! Jones Bros.' and Wilson's Shows. Unlike any other show ever pre sented is Jones Bros.' and Wilson's Trained Wild Animal Show, at Will mar, Aug. 4, embracing the idea used by Hagenback's Wonder Zoo this win ter in the Olympic at London, with such wonderful success, combined with a number of high class European Aerial, Acrobatic and Equine perform ances, staged under canvas on the style of an American Circus. Two rings, an elevated stage, and a large steel Arena will be used for the pre sentation of these performances. The performances will run to train ed animal acts, both wild and domes tic, including Peter Taylor and his $50,000 group of performing lions. This is said to be the largest and most sensational act of its kind before the public today. Miss Mabelle and her blue ribbon winning high school horses, this dar ing horse woman has been a prime favorite at the Circus Shumann, in Berlin, Germany, the past winter, and her horses are marvels both as to per formances and perfect specimens of horse flesh. No one needs feel sorry for the poor little young ones who grew up never knowing what clown was like. Now adays the successful Jones Bros.' and Wilson's fun producer adapts his clowning quite as much to the grown ups as to the youngsters. The one, the only, the inimitable clown that used to be, a character of such importance that his name was heralded in litho graphic splendor, is gone, but a horde of just as clever and more vigilant cut-ups have replaced him. The funny clown of today must be a producer, an originator, quick to take advantage in burlesque of events occupying public attention, prompt and ingenious in ineffensively seizing upon idiosyncrasies of persons in the public eye and alert in his own cre ations. Such are the fun producers with Jones Bros.' and Wilson's Train ed Wild Animal Circus.—Adv. Try Crescent Ice Cream for parties, picnics and socials. For sale at John son's Confectionery. Telephone or ders delivered. 'Phone 495. with every gallon of Webster's Fly Oi Guaranteed to keep the flies off your cows and horses and to last all day. For sale at MOSSBERG'S DRUG STORE CAUSES LEADING TO THE IMPENDING RAILROAD STRIKE Summary if UnlGriivanis if the Eigiieinn if Weston Railroads. W. S. Stone, Grand Chief Engineer, and W. S. Carter, President B. L. P. & E., have made official statements reviewing the causes for the impend ing strike. The general statement is as follows: "The attention of the public is re spectfully called to some facts in con nection with this controversy. Out of every one hundred engineers promot ed, exceedingly few enter the cab of a locomotive as a regular passenger engineer, and not many become a reg ular freight engineer, thus indicating the terrible rate at which the work of selection cuts into the great num bers of men who seek employment on locomotives. Rapid Elimination. "This rapid work of elimination is brought about by the exacting phy sical examinations that men working in engine service are subjected to, to gether with the large per cent that are killed and maimed, and those who find themselves unable to withstand the hardships and exposures of the service. "Increased responsibilities have pil ed upon the engineman in proportion to the sizes and weights of engines and trains and further exactions by way of improved safety .appliances which have also added to the labor and responsibility of the engineman. With the advent of the block signal, and other appliances, many railroads have introduced a system of surprise tests that add materially to the al ready nerve-racking work of engine men. In this connection is should be understood that enginemen do not object to such practical tests as will demonstrate their efficiency and their desire to observe the rules. "These increased burdens, together with the greatly increased cost of liv ing, were the causes that induced the enginemen in the Western Territory to make certain requests upon the Managers of the Western Railroads. These requests carried moderate in creases in rates and some improve ment in working rules that have for their purpose the standardization of wages and working conditions, which were to be revisions and additions to the present schedule and rules gov erning enginemen in the Western Territory. When these requests were submitted to the Managers of West ern Railroads, instead of meeting their enginemen and handling these requests as had been the custom in the past, they terminated all agree ments in the Western Territory and submitted a counter-proposition that had for its purpose the complete rev olution of the system of compensation and the rules governing the handling of men that had required more than thirty years to build up. Men Were Unanimous in Rejecting Proposals. "The Committee of Enginemen met the Committee of General Managers in early February and several months of conference followed, in which the propositions of both sides were dis cussed. In these conferences the Gen eral Managers' Committee was not only unwilling to grant a single re quest made by the enginemen, but were so insistent upon enforcing their obnoxious rules that there was noth ing left to do but to break off negoti ations and place the whole matter be fore the enginemen and ascertain through their expressed vote their acceptance or rejection of the propos ition of the General Managers' Com mittee. This having been done, the vote of the men is practically unani mous in their rejection of the Gen eral Managers' Proposition. Strike Vote Their Only Remaining Means of Defense. "Much as Locomotive Enginemen deplore a strike, they gave this unani mous expression in the honest belief that the very life of their organiza tion and the wages and conditions that had required thirty years to build up was at stake, and that this strike vote was their only weapon of defense against an impending disas ter in the form of a sweeping reduc tion in pay by the elimination of rules long in effect, and the introduction of working rules that would make pos sible abuses that would be unbear able. "The men feel that they are not only entitled to maintain such condi tions and agreements as have been demonstrated to be necessary to pre vent abuses, but that they are entitled to some relief from the increasing hardships that are constantly coming to them through the introduction of heavier power, and greater exactions on the part of operating officials. "The last general wage movement of the engineers and firemen in West ern Territory was consummated dur ing the year 1910, at which time about a ten per increase was granted. "Since 1910 the railroads have made great strides in their facilities for handling business, the most potent of which is the enormous increase in the size of their cars and the power of their locomotives and in the reduc tions of grades. Their reasons for do ing this is to increase the train haul, which they have done to a remarkable extent. Barring accidents, the length and weight of trains, especially in freight service, is the direct index to the length of time on duty of the crew, and the physical and mental strain that must be exerted. "It Is a very common thing while riding on a passenger train to meet or pass a freight train containing from sixty to one hundred and ten cars, and the thought at once occurs in the laymen's mind how such enormous power could be invested in one ma chine to handle such heavy trains and how men can be educated to handle such enormous weight and lengthy train with sufficient skill to get them over the road successfully. Cost of Living Has Increased. "The cost of living has materially increased since 1910, and as the en gineers and firemen in this country are responsible citizens, it is indeed fitting that their earning power should be sufficient to meet, at least, rea sonable demand along this line in or der to maintain a fitting standard of living. "It is a fair estimate that living ex penses within the last five years have increased practically twenty-five per cent, while the wages of enginemen have increased in this corresponding time about ten per cent, and even with this increase, enginemen in both instances are not able to earn as large salaries as they did prior to the in crease, due to the added hardships brought about by the introduction of larger engines and the tonnage sys tem, which has greatly increased both the labor and responsibility of the en gineer and fireman, and, requiring them to lay off in order to secure the necessary rest to stand the added hardship, which time off duty means a reduction in their earning capacity, therefore, it will be understood that the earnings of enginemen do not compare favorably with the wages of employes in other classes of labor, and while the railway companies try to make it appear that enginemen are a high paid class of employes, the fact remains that their earning capac ity has materially decreased, while on the other hand their earning power for the railroads has greatly increas ed." WHY REFUSE THE ENGINEMEN TO ARBITRATE. A peculiar feature of the threatened strike on the Western railroads is, that while the Unions representing these employes have gone on record as favoring arbitration in past nego tiations, they now positively refuse to submit the present dispute to an ar bitration board for a decision. This marked change in the attitude of the Railroad Brotherhoods toward arbitration is attributed by the offic ials of these organizations to what they assert is a disposition on the part of certain railroad officials to not fairly apply Arbitration Awards when made. Grand Chief Stone's Statement W. S. Stone, Grand Chief of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers says: "The Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers in the past has favored ar bitration for the settlement of all dis putes between labor and capital, and, in fact, has been instrumental in as sisting to have several laws enacted upon this subject. However, with our experience of the past few years, we have changed our views, and unless some plan can be devised whereby members of the Brotherhood of Loco motive Engineers can be assured that the award will be put into effect as handed down by the Board of Arbi tration, there will be no further arbi tration, so far as we are concerned This has been brought about by the sad experience of the past three cases. Railroads Repudiate Arbitration Awards. "In 1910, we had a wage movement of fifty-three railroads in the Western territory. A settlement was reached through mediation, the Honorable Charles P. Neill, Commissioner, being the one to bring about the agree ment, which has never been carried out in good faith by the railroads in the West and the present wage movement in the West is due par tially to the fact that the men -were deprived of what they were rightfully entitled to by th« award of 1910. "In 1912, we had an arbitration in the Eastern territory comprising all roads east of Chicago and north of the Ohio River. This award was han ded down in November, 1912, and at this time, after almost two years have elapsed, and the term of the Arbi tration Award has expired, we are still striving to have some of the railroads put it into effect and pay their back pay that the men are en titled to under the terms of the award. Another Instance. "The Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and the Brotherhood of Lo comotive Firemen and Enginemen re cently had a case in dispute on the Georgia and Florida Railway, and met with the vice-president and general manager, Mr. Duer, and were unable to reach a settlement. He proposed to leave the entire question in dis pute to a board of arbitration. At the time this was proposed, all commit tees and grand officers declined to ac cept his proposition on the grounds of the difficulty experienced in the re cent arbitration in the East in having the award placed into effect. But the vice-president and general manager assured the committee that if we re ferred the questions in dispute on the Georgia and' Florida to arbitration that the award given would be prop erly carried out in Its entirety, and that he was willing to give us his per sonal bond and a guarantee that this would be done. The employes were bitterly opposed to any arbitration, knowing what the previous experience had been in the East, and this ob jection on the part of the employes was very fully explained to the man ager, and he immediately assured us that we need have no fear in this con nection, and any decision rendered by a board of arbitration would be put into effect at once on the Georgia and Florida Railway and he sealed this pledge by stating that he would not only give us his promise to do so as general manager of a property, but would give us his word of honor as a Southern gentleman. Solemn Pledge Disregarded. "Notwithstanding this assurance on his part, we were a little bit skepti cal because we had had some bad ex periences along the line of arbitra tion, and still declined. But after sev eral conferences we decided to call on the Honorable William L. Cham bers, United States Commissioner of Mediation and Conciliation, and he came to a conclusion and decided to adjust the matter through mediation, but was unable to effect a settlement. It was then decided to place the mat ter before a board of arbitration, and both parties consented thereto. The board convened in Augusta, and after several days rendered an award granting the employes about a 12 per cent increase. This did not bring them up to the standard wages paid in that territory. However, a few days afterwards, this same general manager, regardless of his promises both as manager of the property and as a Southern gentleman, served not ice upon our arbitrators and our grand officers that he had appealed from the decision of the Arbitration Board to the United States court and so far as the award is concerned, it has not been placed into effect yet. It is in the courts and probably will be there for the next year or two. "With this experience in the last three cases we have had under arbi tration, you can readily understand why our men are bitterly opposed to any further arbitration, unless some plan can be devised whereby the award will be placed into effect with out any quibbling and without any sharp practice on the part of the man agers of the different railroad prop erties subject to the arbitration." President Carter Speaks for Firemen. W. S. Carter, President of the Bro therhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, says that he is but ex pressing the sentiments of the mem bership of that organization when he states "there will be no more arbi trations of railroad wage disputes un til the men are convinced that rail road officials will not repudiate Arbi tration Awards." President Carter says that he has always advised arbi tration in the past when strikes were threatened, and that he was one of several representatives of organized labor that appeared before a Con gressional Committee advocating the enactment of the present Federal Ar bitration Law, known as "The New land's Act," but he now believes that law to be prejudicial to the interest of lailroad employes. "So long as the law permits either party to a wage dispute to administer an Arbitration Award, growing out of that dispute, the award will be applied in a parti san manner, and we have ample evi dence that some railroad officials do not hesitate to deliberately misapply Arbitration Awards," says Mr. Car ter. "There should be some author itative representative of the Federal Government to insist that an award be applied on all railroads concerned, as interpreted by the arbitrators, and so long as railroad officials are per mitted to place their own interpreta tion on such awards, and to apply awards to suit themselves, and thus defeat the real purpose of arbitration, the public should not insist that the engineers, firemen and hostlers sub mit the present wage controversy to arbitration." Mr. Carter further states that "while the arbitration of the firemen and hostlers wage dispute on Eastern railroads in 1913 resulted in an award not entirely unsatisfac tory to a majority of the men, the manner of applying that award has made radical opponents of arbitration of more than 30,000 men who voted in favor of arbitrating the Eastern wage dispute of firemen and hostlers." Obligation to Abide by Awards by Companies Held Only Moral. He asserts that "after the signing of an agreement to arbitrate all mat ters in dispute, which form of arbitra tion was prepared by the representa tives of the Federal Government, and after the arbitration hearings had commenced, the Toledo, St. Louis and Western Railroad management served notice that it would not be bound by the arbitration and desired to with draw therefrom. The Federal Board of Arbitration took this matter under consideration and officially decided, which decision was made a part of the record, that the Toledo, St. Louis and Western Railroad could not legally withdraw from the arbitration at that late date" Mr. Carter asserts that the Toledo, St. Louis & Western Railroad has never applied any portion of the award and that in this particular case the Federal au thority, to whom the matter was re ferred, decided that the observation of an Arbitration Award under the present Federal Law is simply a mor al obligation. "Of what effect is a moral obligation on a railroad corpor ation?" exclaimed Mr. Carter. He says that other railroads that joined in the Eastern arbitration of 1913, through the activity of the Managers' Committee, have succeeded in evad ing payment of wages and application of working conditions secured by that Arbitration Award. "The names of 'hostlers' have been changed to •watchmen,' 'foremen,' etc., by some railroads for the express purpose of avoiding payment of the wages fixed by an award for 'hostlers.' In one instance a Philadelphia and Reading official discharged a hostler because he demanded that he be paid the com pensation fixed by the award, and of ficials of that railroad compelled fire men to continue cleaning engines for months after the award became ef fective, under penalty of dismissal, al though the award specifically relieved firemen of that work. Refuse to Permit Arbitrators to Inter pret Awards. "When the award was made public, differences of opinion as to the intent of certain portions of same immedi ately arose. The Firemen and Host lers' Committee, being willing to have the matter adjusted equitably, pro posed to the Managers' Committee that disputed points be referred back A GOOD thing for every man who likes fine clothes and who is willing to get them at a good money saving. We clear our stock each season get the place ready to receive thenew fall goods soon to arrive. Get your share of things. pret their own language but the Man agers' Committee insisted that the lo cal committee on each road should take up with the management of such road the interpretation and applica tion of the award. The Managers' Committee then insisted that specific instances, wherein the men complain ed that the award was not being prop erly applied, be prepared and present ed to the Managers' Committee, when the matter would then be adjusted. This was done and still there was no disposition to permit the Board of Ar bitration to interpret its own awards. Nearly six months after the award became effective, with consent of the Managers' Committee, the Board of Arbitration again met and decided points in dispute. And when the in tent of the interpretation of the award was disputed, and so the mat ter has been prolonged until we find the contention still engaging the at tention of committees and represen tatives of labor organizations long af ter the award has expired, and the award not yet applied in many in stances." DECLINE IN LABOR COSTS Now Railroads Pay Less to Labor Than in Former Years. The statements issued by railroad officials showing how the outlay for labor has increased, have become commonplace. To the reader of the daily press who does not stop to con sider the matter, they create the] impression, as those who issue them wish to create, that a large part of the financial woes of the transporta tion companies at the present time is due to the demands of railroad em ployes for higher rates of pay. A few moments' examination of the facts, however, soon shows how unwarrant ed these statements are. An analy sis of the operating performance of the carriers at once discloses the fact that the railroads by using larger en gines, heavier equipment end by ad ding to trainloads have developed a remarkable increase in efficiency of employes and while adding to the lab or of the wage-earner have reduced to a striking degree the labor cost of conducting transportation. An exami nation of the annual reports of 53 Western railroads to the Interstate Commerce Commission shows, that for 1,000 traffic units handled in 1890 the cost of engineers and firemen was 86 cents as contrasted with only 59 cents in 1913. In other words, these representative Western roads were enabled to transport 1,000 passenger to the Board of Arbitration to lnter-|and ton miles 27 cents cheaper last! Attest: JOHN FEIG, County Auditor. O Men's and Boys' Fancy SPRIN AND SUMME SUITS the good STRAW HATS AT Vo PRICE year than in 1890 or to reduce engi neer and fireman cost of handling traffic 31 per cent. In the light of facts, the sham of the claim of the railroads that increased operating costs have been due to- added out lays for engineers and firemen is ap parent. DISCOUNT GILBERT O. SAND CO. ONE PRICE CLOTHIERS COUNTY BOARD, REGULAR SESSION Official Proceedings of County Commissioners of Kandiyohi County. State of Minnesota County of Kandiyohi Office of County Auditor, Willmar, Minn., July 23, 1914. SB. Copyright Hart Sobaffner* Marx —Christ Ackerman has purchased a Buick from Sam Osmundson. The Board of County Commissioners met in adjourned regular session this date at 2 o'clock p. m. Members of the Board all present. Commissioner Reigstad offered the following resolution: Whereas, This Board having decided by its order bearing date July 14, 1914, that there be installed in the County Jail an up-to-date heating plant and a sanitary ventilating system: OLD NEWSPAPERS—A big bundle for 6c at Tribune office. Tribune Wan-Tads Bring Results. Therefore, Be it Resolved, That N. B. Johnson and Wm. O. Johnson, members of this Board be, and they hereby are appointed a committee to ascertain all required facts as to the kind of plant and system, costs and expenses thereof, and make a detailed report therein to this Board on or be fore September 1st, 1914 Adopted. The Board proceeded to audit bills filed against the County and the following bills were allowed in amounts set forth: Statement of Claims Allowed. C. A. Bangtson, labor on State Road No. 3 $55.45 55.45 Pit Kallevik, labor on State Road No. 2 24.00 24.00 Peter Alvig, labor on State Road No. 5 62.50 52.50 Albert Tommeraasen, labor on State Road No. 5 8.00 8.00 N. J. Sletten, labor on State Road No. 5 30.00 30.00 Peter Skutle, labor on State Road No. 5 60.00 C. E. Tommeraasen, labor on State Road No. 5 64.00 George Otterness, labor on State Road No. 5 31.00 Elmar Otterness, labor on State Road No. 5 68.00 Robert Larson, labor on State Road No. 5 33.00 John H. Olson, labor on State Road No. 5 46.00 Oscar Olson, labor on State Road No. 6 36.00 J. M. Olson, labor on State Road No. 6 18.60 J. M. Olson, labor on State Road No. 5 20.50 Peter Alvig, labor on State Road No. 5 35.00 Gust Danielson, labor on State Road No. 2 30.00 Richard Danielson, labor on State Road No. 2 12.00 F. N. Anderson, labor on State Road No. 2 17.00 Emil Lofgren, labor on State Road No. 2 40.25 Eben E. Lawson, lettering graduate diplomas 1.50 Carlson Bros., supplies for county 19.14 Fritz-Cross Co., collection register 14.65 Miller-Davis Printing Co., blanks 135 Bethesda Old People's Home, board and room for Nels Anderson. 25.00 Bethesda Old People's Home, board and room for Nels Anderson. 25.00 A. G. Anderson, one road drag 16.00 John Norgaard, engineer's fees Co. Ditch No. 31 95.45 Wm. O. Johnson, Co. Com'rs. per diem and mileage 12.20 Albert Boersma, Co.' Com'rs per diem and mileage 16.60 Henry Boese, Co. Com'rs. per diem and mileage 15.20 Henry Boese, Co. Com'rs. per diem and mileage 4.20 N. B. Johnson, Co. Com'rs. per diem and mileage 16.00 O. S. Reigstad, Co. Com'rs. per diem and mileage 16.00 On motion the meeting was adjourned. (SEAL) N. B. JOHNSON, Chairman Board of County Commissioners, A Am't Am't Clm'd. All'd. 60.00 64.00 31.00 68.00 33.00 46.00 36.00 18.60 20.50 36.00 30.00 12.00 17.00 40.25 1.50 19.14 14.65 1.35 25.00 25.00 16.00 96.45 12.20 16.60 15.00 4.20 16.06 16.00 Kandiyohi County, Minnesota.