.^ ft^C^ ''A, /i
A Summary of the Important Events
of the Week in the Northwest--.,
Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Xorth
and South Dakota News in a
George "Wright, of Brainerd, -while at
•work on the landing at Simpson's camp on
Tine river, was crushed to death by logs.
The examination of C. M. March at Man
kato, has been postponed. The state feels
•confident of securing a conviction.
Lightning killed C. Huben and John
JCeyer at Fulda. A little girl was serious
ly injured aud the house wrecked.
Tramps set fire to a shed in the old fair
•grounds at Winona and a number of the
sheds were burned. The loss is about
Tbe grandson of Elias Hahn, a farmer
living a few miles south of Owatonna,
was caught upon a barb wire fence and
hung himself. He was 2+ years old.
John J. Syeslad of Madison met with a
very painiul accident while loading stone,
falling from his wagon. A stone felt oil
him, breaking his leg.
The delinquent tax sale for the year
1S90 is being held at the county auditor's
oilice at Hastings. The bidders are few
and far between.
The district court convened recently,
Judge J. Q. Farmer presiding. Twelve
civil and one criminal case are on the
John Mangle of Anoka, a farm hand em
ployed by John Coleman, of Coon Creek,
committed suicide. Coroner Dunham's
inquest gave strychnine as the cause.
Mrs. Lucy Guptil, mother of George
Guptil, one of the prominent citizens of
Kockford, passed away at Buffalo after
reaching the age of ninety years.
The St. Paul Republicans elect their en
tire city ticket',' seven and probably eight
of the nine assemblymen, and five and per
haps seven of the elven aldermen.
Charles Anderson, head sawyer at the saw
mill at Hinckley, while using an ax to cut
a log, was caught in the rope, and his foot
cut through. It may have to be amputa
David Swanson met sudden death at
Brainerd, from heart disease, being found
at the corner of Eight and Broadway dead,
lie was a member of the firm of Swanson
The dead body of a man apparently
about 35 or 36 years ol age and ot the work
ing class, was found floating in the Minne
sota river about miles below Belle
Plaine, and has not yet been identified.
Special United States Timber Inspector
Warriner, of Grand llapids, who came to
look after the alleged cutting of timber on
White Cap Point, reservation, was recalled
and given leave of absence until next July.
A light rain fell at Sauk Rapids, and
wheat is coming out of the ground and
looks splendid. Sun dogs followed the sun
lown and some fears are enterteinad of frost
Daniel Harlos, a well-to-do and respected
fanner of Caledonia, aged 64 years, became
violently insane on religious matters, and
was committed to the Rochester asylum
Ivy the probate court.
Daniel Cunningham, a fireman an En
gine No. 393, running east from Winona on
the Chicago & Northwestern road, fell from
his engine near Bangor, breaking his
neck. His body was taken to Baraboo.
He was twenty-eight years old, and leaves
At a special meeting of the citizens of
Little Falls bonds to the amount of $25,
000 were voted to build two public school
buildings of four rooms each, the present
high school building being entirely Inade
A bicycle track will be constructed at
Winona. It is said that parties are coming
here to start a bicycle livery. John W.
M. Brown |f Albany N. Y., has applied
for the position of trainer and keeper of
the new association.
Deputy Sheriff Bates of Duluth brought
another alleged "blind pigger" from the
Mesaba Range. He was John Mernick. He
pleaded not guilty and gave $200 bond to
appear ior hearing. This is the sixth arrest
made by the sheriff on this'charge.
A lot of young Polanders went out to one
-of the quarriesnear St.Cloud and stole a can
of powder, and when they reached home
built a tire and one of the boys threw the can
into it. Astheresultof the explosion Barhy
Oinersky and Paul Craft may die and the
remainder were badly injured.
Frank Kauthaak, a man sixty-four years
old fell from a lumber pile at Winona at
Youmans Bros. Saw mill, and received in
juries from which he will die. He came
from the old country only a short time ago,
as he says, to be in a free country when he
could earn good wages.
A riot occurred near Rochester between
150 Italians employed by the Winona & St.
Peter railroad and the American members
of the workmen. The former were driven
away. The latter are on a strike for
more pay, and the Italians had been sub
A young man named Chas, Nordstrom
*f Cloquet while feeding a machine in the
Cloquet Lumber Company's 'planing niilljj
was struck by a piece of board which flew
hack lrom the saw. He was struck in the
right side of the neck and was killed in
stantly. He was 22 years of age and un
A beautiful girl, 16 years old, of Anoka
appeared before Judge Fisch and swore out
a warrant against her stepfather for the
heinous crime of rape. The girl's name is
Dora Bell Trotter aud her stepfather's
name is James Nesbitt. an employe of the
Lincoln mill. Nesbitt was placed in jail.
A little 8-year-old son of Mrs. Ole Chris
:tianson, af Lowrie. Pope county, was acci
dently shot while playing with a revolver
it Glen wood. The ball entered his body
near the navel and the doctors in attend
ance have been unable to locate the bullet.
The little fellow is in a critical condition
and his chances for recovery are very poor.
Frank Sanborn, the proprietor of a house
of ill-fame at Carlton was seriously cut by
his mistress, an octoroon. She used a
razor and & ,' bj,v? in several places. One
cut extentfcvifomW'he\op of the head to the
bin and may result fatally. She is in jail
and will await the action of the grand jury
now in session.
Lar» Myhre, who lives 2£ miles west of
Hit'ksmi, was killed at Lloorhead by being
um over by a drill seeder. One of the
sharp shoes or the drill remained in his
groin for over an hour before he was re
leased. The accident happened while
Myhre was harnessing four horses to the
Hiram Wendt, who was bound over to
the grand jury for the robbery of Carlson
& Gunderson's store at Dawnson in Janu
ary made his escape. It is thought that
parties who were his accomplices in the
robbery and furnished the bail are instru
mental in liberating him. The sheriff is
doing all in bis power for apprehension.
Twenty-five dollars reward is offered:.
Judge Templeton announced his de
cision in the cases of the gamblers, Murray
and Dalil, charged with Karl Nelson in
robbing the Union National Bank at Grand
Forks. Murray was discharged and Dahl
held at $3,000 bail.
The state board of the "World's Fair man
agers held a meeting at Grand Forks to ar
range for a public meeting to be held be
fore the delegates to tbe state conyention
leave the city, for the purpose of getting an
expression ot public sentiment regarding
World's -Fair matters.
L. T. Hamilton was elected city attorney
of Jamestown by the council. The electric
light committee received a report from the
committee sent to South Dakota cities to
investigate the subject of producing power
for light by artesian wells and decided to
experiment with the same.
Fire broke out in the office of Attorney
Serumgard, in the room over the basement
occupied by the Devils Lake News in the
First National Bank Building. .It caught
from fire working through fire brick and
cement in the fireplace to a wooden sill
and eating its way along the same to the
wall. The fire was discovered and ex
tinguished by the fire company. Damage
One-hall of the townsite of Conductor,
on the west line of the, Great- Northern
railway, has been sold to a syndicate of
Kansas capitalists for $7,000 cash. The
company will expend $40,000 in improving
the property and erecting buildings. The
syndicate is also buying land for a colony
of Kansas farmers who will arrive about
the 15th inst.
It is an exploded theory that no sale of
school lands could be made this year. The
statue provides that a sale should be made
in 1890. The constitution provides that
sales can be made at any time the board
thinks proper. The sales this year are sim
ply an adjournment of the last ones made.
The attorney general has not rendered any
The Republican state central committee
has issued a call for a convention for the
nomination of state officers, which will be
held at Fargo, August 2. The representa
tion is fixed at one delegate at large and
one additional delegate for every seventy
fivg votes polled in the la*t election, ascer
tained by taking the average vote for the
first ten candidates on the ticket.
Jonas Sayles of Elic Point took by mis
take aconite for other medicine. Paralysis
of the heart ensued. He died in one hour.
Chester Marsh, a sawmill employe, at
Dead wood was caught in the belting of tti3
mill and crushed in an unrecognizable
The new city administration of Aber
deen was sworn. Mayor Witte announced
his standing committees and appointed
Geo. Bolles city auditor, N. T. Hauser
assessor, and W. O. Jones chief of police.
May 20 is the day set for the artificial
rain test at Doland by the Artificial Rain
Company of Goodland, Kas. It is expect
ed that a large crowd will be present, as
everybody in the Northwest is interested in
All graders employed on the Burlington
extension to the Bald Mountain mining
district have struck for higher wages. The
men have been receiving $1.75 per day and
demand $2. Work is temporarily suspend
ed. The contractors state a force will be
obtained from Omaha within a day or two.
Prof. Eames, of Baltimore, Md., is in
Dead wood in the interest of a New York
syndicate the Cheyenne group ofmine3 as
to their fitness for a large mill and reduc
tion plant, which will be erected should
the professor's report be favorable. The
plant will be of 100 tons a day capacity and
will cost $250,000.
John Winn was placed in jail at Huron
to await the action of the grand jury on a
charge of horse stealing. Winn got a team
and buggy from E. C. House, a liveryman
at Wessington, saying that he was going to
Miller on business. Instead lie went to
Clark and attempted to sell the outfit. He
was arrested and brought to Huron.
August Trap, a farmer near Hartland,
accidently ran over and killed his 2-year
old child with a loaded wagon.
An Elkhorn special says: Prairie wolves
have been committing ravages in this coun
ty, and seven head were brought in by local
hunters who were paid $140, the state and
county bounty being that sum.
The Ashland Lighting Company settled
the suits of J. Pennerbecker and "wife for
injuries sustained in the gas explosion a
year ago by paying $18,000. The plaintiffs
agreed to drop the action.
Burglars entered Will Caldwell's store at
Hudson and carried off about $200 worth
of dress goods and notions. No clew. A
reward will probably be offered for the
capture of the burglars.
The residence of Michael Connor, six
miles north of Downey was destroyed by
lire house and contents a total loss. Two
small children narrowly escaped suffoca
Joseph Kramer, an old employe of the
Empire Lumber Company, while greasing
machinery in a saw mill at Eau Claire,
was caught in a belt. He was terribly
crushed and died in 15 minutes.
The laboring men at West Superior
changed the name of their party to People's
party. The St. Louis platform was indors
ed. A county convention was called for
May 14 to elect delegates to the Milwaukee
Andy Brown shot a fellow gambler, at
Sioux City whose name could not be ascer
tained. The wound is not dangerous. The
trouble arose over craps.
J. P. Roger*, a merchant of Covington,
is mysteriously missing. He came to Ce
dar Rapids, but has not been seen since.
Foul play is suspected.
Christian Nelson, a Dane living near
Denmark, nearly killed Irs wife by beating
her over the head with a club. He was
locked up in the Ft. Madison jail to await
At Storm Lake while harrowing pota
toes, an 8-year-old son ot A. Gustafson fell
on a, knifed which entered his eye and pen-
His deaihJfolXpw0ed a
etrated the brain,
Cornelious O. Reagan, an "old resident ot
Dubuque, was fatally injured by being
thrown from a wagon loaded with brick,
which he was driving. The wheels passed
over his body, crushing in his chest
The section men on the Illinois Central
at Dodge are on a strike for higher
wages. They have been receiving $1.25 per
day and want $1.50. The demand has been
refused and the company are endeavoring
to secure new men.
J. C. Long's jewelry store, at 902 Fourth
street Clinton, was entered and over one
hundred watches stolen, involving a heavy
loss. The burglars made their entrance at
the rear of the store, through the room
where Long's family was sleeping.
C. E. Gloss, of Gladbrookt is under ar
rest at Traer, charged with obtaining
money under false pretenses at Gladbrook
by writing up insurance applications for
policies for several citizens and business
men, collecting the premiums on them and
then not delivering them to the ones he
insured. He represented himself to bean
agent of the State Insurance Company, of
LINCOLN' S FOSTER-MOTHER.
my Lincoln W on Mrs.
A a am Lincoln was seven or
eight years old when his father, Thom
as Lincoln, removed from Kentuck
to Indiana where, in a year or two
his wife died. The year following her
death, says a writer in the Christian
Union, Mr. Lincoln returned to Eliza
bethtow to search out, if possible, a
former neighbor a friend, Mrs. Sally
to whom, on inquiry, he
found still a widow, a to he
at once made a proposal of marriage.
On entering Mrs. Jotinston'shumbl
dwelling, Mr. Lincoln asked if she re
"Yes," replied she, -"I remember
very well, my Lincoln. W at
brought you back to old Kentucky?
"Well," said he, in answer, "my
wife Nancy is dead.
"Why you say so!
"Yes," said Mr. Lincoln, "she died
more an a year ago, a I have
come back to Kentuck to look for
a wife. Do you like me, Mrs.
"Yes," replied Mrs. Johnston I
like you my Lincoln."
"D you like me well enough to
a me? ""•-,'•
"Yes," she answered, "I like you,
my Lincoln, and I like you well
enough to a you, I can't
a you now.
W said he.
"Because I am in debt, a I could
never think of burdening the an I
a with debt I would be
W at are those debts? said
She told him of the sums, "which"
said she, I have all down here in my
On looking it over, he saw at her
debts ranged from fifty cents to a
dollar a a quarter, a a
in the gross to something less an
twelve dollars—not a very startling
sum even in those* a of small
succeeded in putting the little
book into his coat pocket without
attracting her attention a went
out, looked up the various parties,
a paid off all the little sums accord
ing to the a a re
turned in the afternoon with the
acknowledgements of a in
full. On his returning the account
ok to her, she exclaimed W
my Lincoln, a you gone a
paid off all my debts?
"Yes," he said a will you mar
"Yes," said she, a they were mar
ried the next morning at nine o'clock.
Mr. Haycraft, the a a to of the
story, was present at the Cere
MUSIC IN NATURE
A of Certai S a a to Imi
a In I
he base of thunder is considerably
lower an the lowest sound produced
in an orchestra—below the zero of
music we a call it, at which all
positive apprehension of musical
sound ceases, a our senses are mere
ly conscious of a roar In observing
the music of thunder our attention
however, a be profitable
directed to the expression a an
to the notes. Th musical diminuendo
is more perfectly represented by thun
der an by a other form of Bound
in nature After the first clap is over
he ear will pursue with pleasure the
rolling a a a gradual fainting of
he peal, until at immeasurabl
distance it sinks into silence.
Th melody of rain dancing on the
stones, or pelting down in its first
drops on the dry soil of a forest or a
heath, is a species of sound which the
a of music as yet to imitate, if it
would complete its at present very in
complete list of instruments. Th
Mexican had some rattles a of
very peculiar clay, with pipes inside,
which were intended to represent this
sound. Certain tribes of the N
American Indians have been similarly
fascinated by the loud plas of water,
to the beauty of which we have
alluded before, The have instru
ment constructed accordingly with a
view to reproduce this sound. Large
buffalo hides are filled with water a
sewn up in the manner of wine bags.
Drumsticks of cork, or with their
heads covered by a very fin« gum, are
wielded by he player, a the gentle
a to us piasfi* of water is
produced by the drumstick striking
softly on he *kin. Th natives will
sit a listen to these instruments
Certain tribes on the Amazon a
in a similar way been fascinated by
the music of the waterfall. Musical
instruments were found in use among
them consisting of a complicated me
chanism by which water was poured
from one bowl into another, in imita
tion of the cascade, a then returned
by the receiving bowl into a repetition
of this mechanism a constant
ranr of a cascade could be kept up so
long as the audience desired or the
player was able to perform it.—Good
Wordsw .'_ ,, ,,.- .,-y
Minnesota Republicans Hold Their
ff State Convention at St k\ffl
mmz^i:% Paul,- v$Ki£ ,:
Hon. C. K. Davis Being Elected Chair
man Delivers an Eloquent
i^lf .-Address. «^,
ST. PAUL Minn., Special.—Joel I\ *Heat
wboie, chairman ot the Republican state
central committee, called the convention
to otder. andin a few words he welcomed
the delegates and predicted a glorious
victory in the fall. The call was then
read, and the convention proceeded to
temporarily organize. D. W. Bruckart of
Stearns nominated the Hon. C. K. Davis
for temporary chairman and paid a glow
ing tribute to the senator. The
nomination was made unanimous, and
amid loud and continued applause
Senator Davis mounted the platform and
grasped the gavel. made no speech,
but promised to address the convention
later. Andrew C. Dunn oi Faribault was
chosen temporary secretary and George
Lamb of Ramsey assistant secretary.
The following resolution was then offered
by E. E. Corliss of Otter Tail and adopted:
Resolved. That the airman of this conven
tion appoint, tbe following committees TO be
composed of nine (9) members each, two from
the state at large and one from each congres
First—A committee on credentials*.
Second—A committee on permanent organiza
Third—A committee on resolutions.
The chair accordingly appointed the com
mittees as follows:
On Credentials—At large: E. E. Corliss. Otter
Tail: M. M. Lelaud, Faribault: Nate Kingsley.
Mower: D. a Hill. Goodhue: W. L. Ames,
Ramsey, Henry Brown, Hennepin, and C. J.
Gunderoon, Douglas J. Manchester, Lincoln.
On Resolutions—At large: D. Sinclair,
Winoua D. W. Bruckhart, Stearns First
district, L. French, Mower Second district, C.
L. Ross, Brown Third district. A. H. Keed
Fourth district. F. C. Stevens Filth district,
John Goodnow Sixth district, C. A. Towne
Seventh district. H. W. Donaldson.
On Permanent Organization—At large: C. H.
Bennett, Pipestone. A. T. Koener, Meeker.
First district. J. R. Nelson, Filtaore Second
district, H. J. Miller. Rock Third district.
Hudson Wilson, Rice Fourth district, E. L.
Hospers, Washington Filth district, Robert
Russell, Hennepin Sixth district. H. C. Kendal!.
St. Louis Seventh district, F. E. Kenaston. Big
On the motion of P. G. Ingersoll of Ram
sey tbe convention then took a recess un
Senator Davis, on coining forward to ad
dress the convention, was received with
loud and long continued applause.
spoke in effect as follows:
Fellow Citizen of the Republican Convention:
The graud council of the Republican party for
the State of Minnesota meets to-day under tbe
most favorable auspices. There is a swelling
tide of sentiment and conviction rising through
out the laud which infallibly presages the waft
ing of the great old party to victory at the next
election. [Cheers.] Ever since that campaign
of panic aud disaster of two years ago. of mis
understanding and misapprehension, wherever
public opinion has had a chajee to express it
self, the actions aud the record of the Repub
lican party have received full vindication.
[Cheers.] In the State of Ohio William McKm
ley (louu applause), whose name is iueffacablv
inscribed upou the bill that was made the test
of the last election, with the leading features,
aud, indeed, all of the features of that measure
directly at issue, was elected bv a most triumph
ant majority. [Cheers.] At the same time the
faithiul adherence of the Republican party co
the honest dollar of 100 cents
WAS ALSO AN ISSC13
[cheers] and under the true guidance of glorious
John Snerman that issue, so far as that party
is concerned, is settled. [Cheers.] In the elec
tions iu the State of New York held last spring
the Republican gains were such as to inspire the
greatest hopes in our friends and to carry terror
to the hearts of our enemies. In the stronghold
of Democracy—Jersey City—their hosts were
overthrown the other day, and here in St. Paul
[uproarious applause] the day before yesterday
for the first time in tweuty years the Republican
party, aided by the element of good order and
good citizenship, arose in its might and snook
off the iucubus which has rested upou our pros
perity for a quarter of a centurv. [Cheers.]
And the electric thrill of this victory nas gone
through the State of Minnesota it has inspired
new hope: it will incite fresh endeavor. This
representative audience assures me that its
mtmbers will go back to their homes leinvig.
orated with Republican principles and spread
TRUTHS OP REPUBLICANISM.
Fellow citizens, tne .tnty-m-st congress was
the first time with one exception that the Re
publican party had been in possession of all the
departments of this government for many years.
There have either been a Democratic senate or a
Democratic house or the four vears' calamity of
a Democratic president [cheers], so that strive
as it might to redeem the enormous debt, to
which the Republican party was pledged to the
public, nothing could be done. How well the
Republican party, under the nreseut adminis
tration, has redeemed the pledge is a matter of,
history. Tbe Republican party has stifled- the
corrupt repression of parliamentary procedure
under the athletic and muscular ruling ol
Thomas Reed [cheers], whereby a man was
counted as present, when, in fact, he physically
And so measure after measure with the slow,
steady procession of a planetary body moving
under law to its destiny iu its orbit, the Repub
lican party proceeded to redeem the pledges
which it had made to the nation to enact and
pass legislation conducive to the public good in
REDEMPTION OF ITS PLEDGES.
Let us see: It provided for the quadracenten
nial: that most magnificent pageant this world
has ever seen. [Cheers]. It passed a billfor the
administration of tbe customs and lifted that
department from the rank corruption in which
it had sweltered -it passed a bill making trusts
and monopolies criminal offenses, so far as tbe
proprietors are concerned, so that if one of
them, is detected in Minnesota to-day
it can be indicted in the United States
court. Under its influence the Standard
oil trutt has disappeared and gone into liquida
tion. It was not unmindful of the rights of the
Northwest it laid the magic hand of develop
ment upon that phenomenon ot nature at the
Soo [cheers]. The circulation of the great West
was impeded it provided means to construct a
canal for vessels of 21 ieet draft and 5,000 tons
burden. It thereby lowered the freigut rates
and added so much value to the acre of every
farm in Minnesota [cheers], lt admitted the
Btates of Idaho and Wyoming—two more stars
added to the Republican galaxy. It passed a
bill ior the eomaee of silver which was sufficient
foranv honest demand, for it took up the en
tire American product [cheers]. Germany,
France and England had excluded American beef
and pork and mutton from their markets, but
the American grazier and farmer was protected
by the passage of a bill which authorized the
president when the necessity should appear to
him to so warrant to discriminate in like man
ner against the products of those countries. Yet
some one will tell you that nothing was done
INTERESTS OP THE AMERICAN FARMER.
It redeemed the promises of the Republican
party of the nation to the 2.250.UUO men who
nearly thirty vears ago marcned down to the
valley of the shadow of death it passed a bill
which conferred infinite benefactions upon thou
sands of homes. [Cheers.] There were vast
grants of land held by railroads where roads
had not bfei constructed according to agree
ment. Those grants were thrown- open to set
tlement. It passed the McKinley bill, of which
I shall apeak a little more. [Cheer*.] When
the war broke out. a direct tar was levied upou
all the states in the North up to S17,000,O00.
The Southern states, of course, never paid a
cent. That congress gave back that money to
the*tates. and ot that amount Miunesot-i re
reived as her share $108,000. It established a
circuit court of the United States and additional
circuit judges lor the due, orderly and rapid ad
ministration of justice. It male binding and
stringent laws against the criminal and pauper
immigration from Europe for the benefit of the
American workingman. relieving him from undue
AS TO ODR FOREIGN RELATIOX8
the record is us the same. When we came into
power we were quarrelling with Germany about
tbe Samoa question. That matter has been
settled. We were disputiug with Great Britain
in regard to tbe fisheries on the northeastern
coast that quarrel is iu abeyance. American
rights were questioned by Great. Britain in
Bering sea. By a wise provision, which I hope
to beaveu tbe uatious will imitate, it has been
referred to a, tribunal to arbitrate. And all this
has been brought to pass by the greatest ad
ministration that this country has ever seen in
time ol peace. [Cheers Tell me one single,
man if you can let him rise in his place—what
act has this administration done to which any
Republican can look with a questioning eye?
[Cheers aud cries of -not one."] Has anything
wrong been done? [Cries of "no, no."] Has
not everything that is right been attempted and
most that is right been done? One thing re
mains, and it is not the fault ot this administra
tion if the time has not been reached when every
man. no matter what bis condition, no matter
what bis color, can walk up to any ballot box
iu. the land and have his vote count. [Cheers.]
1 am proud of the record of the Republican
partylor the last three years I am proud oi the
administration I am ••_
PROUD OF BENJAMIN HARRISON
TCheers.] Quiet, learned, patriotic,self-contained,
indomitable, honest, what American iuterest
has suffered at his hands or under his considera
tion? In what quarter of the seas has not the
majesty of the American flag been asserted or
American honor upheld? What unrepubliean
or sell-seeking act has been charged to him. He
deserves and he will receive, when the time
romes. ample demonstrations of tbe confidence
the Americau people have in his great adminis
tration of her highest trust, [Loud cheers.]
Beside him stands auother figure peerless in
American history, a man with large discern
ments, looking before and after a man whose
heart has burned with patriotic fire, whose
brain has glowed with patriotic thought, ever
since most of us were boys his eyes upou the
destinies ol tbe country, shaping them to that
great end to which God has destined her—I mean
JAMES G. BLAINE.
[Enthusiastic and long continued applause.]
Then there is that lawer sitting quietly in his
New xork office administering his great trust
with marvelous apprehension and great patriot
ism and bringing forward the navy of this coun
try to a stage where within two years it will be
able to compete with any navy in the world—I
refer to Mr. Tracy. [Cheers.] The department
of agriculture has been recently created for tbe
benefit ot the farming community. You no
doubt better than I can appreciate the benefits
which have resulted tbererrom. At its head
moving it into shape, disseminating informa
tion and making it useful in every respect is
filaiu, able, strong, honest Jeremiah Rusk.
I might go through all of theBe departments,
were it necessary to add anything in confirma
tion of the truth of the remark with which I
started this branch of my subject—namely, that
the affairs of the country viewed from whatever
standpoint,whether of party, political or moral,
ve been administered by the Republican
party in the most unexceptional manner.
[Cheers.] The Democratic party for the past
lifty years has been the party of stolen goods
and false pretenses. [Laughter.] It is now ex
A SORT OP SKIRT DANCE
before the Americau people in the hope of allur
ing and deceiving them. [Cheers] lt stole into
power in 1844 on the cry of Polk and tne tariff
of '42. It violated that pledge. It stole into
power, so far as the house ot represedtatives is
coucerned, two years ago by tbe most indiscrim
inate and encyclopedic lying that this couutry
has ever had. [Laughter]. Their leaders prom
ised if they were given the power that they would
lift, or would attempt to lilt, this iniquitous
McKiuley bill from the necks ol the people.
This is what Mr. Castle. Mr. Harries and the
rest elected from this state said. "We will show
you," said they, '"we will bring about a better
order of things, and the political millenium will
come and last 1.000 years."
WHAT HAVE THEY DOME?
The first thing they did was to seud to his
everlastiug sleep so far as bis hope oi the speak
ership was concerned, the apostle of their creed.
Mr. Mills [laughter] the man who had don
more to lead them to their trausient and evan
escent victory than any other ten
men in their party. But he was
served that way in the house of bis frieuds.
[Cries of "serve him right.] Nearly six months
have rolled by since that congress met and that
party, notwithstanding all its protestations of
what it proposed to do, ha.* not introduced a
sing general bill to modify the McKinley act.
It has not dared to reimpose the duties upon
sugar, lt has not dared to persist hi its policy
as to iron and steel or as to the lorty-two
articles of production upon which the farmer is
protected it has confined itself do that ancieut
Democratic trick of going across a road to
kick a sheep, make wool free to the di
rect detriment of the farmer and the ranchmen,
one of the most vital agricultural interests in
this country. Why have they not attempted
to redeem their pledge in this respect, if what
they said two years ago is true? They kuow
that it is not true. Every man that runs can
read that that bill is
STANDING THE TEST
of experience. Hundreds of millions of dollars
have gone into new industrial enterprise incon
sequence of that bill.
There are in the coming campaign, which the
American people will be called upon to discuss
and pass upou, just two questions: The first is
the busiuet-s of this country between man and
man between the citizens of different states and
between this country and other nations. The
second is the currency by which that interest
and that intercourse are carried on. These
questions involve questions of the higher moral
ity of proper actiou, personal, party, national
The first principle upon which Republicanism
is based a,nd the disreeard of which would entail
the dissolution of that great organization is the
protection of Americau industry and Americau
labor by tariff laws, lt is upon that basis and
asserting aud proving that it.is rightthatl hope
the Republican party in this state
WILL MAKE THEIR NEXT ATTACK.
It has led ue to victory always when we have
adhered to it disaster has never overtaken our
banner except when we altered it in that respect.
It is consistent Republicanism: it has been
cardinal aud axiomatic iu the party ever since
1862. I assert and claim that it benefits every
man in the community, the farmer, the wage
earner, the fixed salary, man and all. Upon
what principle does it rest? Upon tbe priuciDle
Col self-preservation. A principle which is sanc
tioned to individuals as well as to nations.
Discussing this question. Senator Davis re
ferred to the protection accorded the workiug
man from the Chinese eruption and from the
hordes of pauper and criminal immigration
from the old" world, and asked why the same
principle should not be extended to every
branch ot industry requiring it. He compared
the condition of the laboring class in this coun
try with that of the corresponding classes iu
England, where there were two men looking for
one position, instead of an employer looking for
men. There were those who could remember
when in this country, under the influence of a
cry such as was now being raised by the Demo
cratic party, an era of free trade was intro
duced and continued for a few year .when re
turn was made to protec ion to redress the dis
asters experienced under free trade.
"THIS PRINCIPLE OF PROTECTION,"
continued the speaker, "declares to less ad
vanced states and communities or to more
powerful states and communities where in their
power they have rotted into a corrupt social
system or corrupt industrial system that ybu
shall not bring your corruption into contact
with our purity aud hope to taint it. he tree
trader proposes to lay hiscountry open to every
attack because tbe foreign merchant wilt sell
goods cheap to whoever happens to have money
to pay for them. He forgets in doing this that
he takes numberless sources of employment
from his ntsighbor, from the man who does not
produce the crude raw material. In the last
analysis of this question protection is in self
defence of every man in the community. It is
all the difference between civilization and bar
barism. Wherever compensation is high—I use
the term in ths large sense—the state of civiliza
tion of that nation is high. Wherever the rate
of compensation or wages—using this term in
the large sense—is low the lower it gows and the
nearer approach to barbarism that nation
Referring to the effect of protection in th
North the speaker referred to, St. Paul and Min
neapolis and the benefits they had recently
reaped in the shape of
GREAT INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES
which had located in their midst, such as the
Wood Harvester works. Duluth was also devel
oping, and all classes were receiving the benefit of
this prosperity. It bad given rise to a large
number of intermediate employments. This
was all the outcome of protection. It gives the
farmer a home market it gives employment to
thousands of men who would otherwise have to
seek it iu vain. What was the effect upon hu
man nature? A better manhood and a better
womanhood. He contrasted the condition of
the laboringjfcClasses here with that of those in
England and7 other countries in tbe old world
where the woman had to toil at tbe most man
ual of labor in order to earn scanty living for
themselves^-and their families. Its effect was
felt in ttie^^home. Under the advantages
of a protective government tbe home in
fluences were refined and elevated, and that
was the court of last resort to which all strings
of empire run. Regardiug the question of pro
tection from a standpoint not quite so senti
mental, aud the arguments in favor of it would,
it possiole, be stronger. How much saving has
been effected under this system in transporta
tion? The great tax of modern times was get
ting products from place to place. The railroad
tariffs of this country were of ten times more
importance than all the taxes levied by the tax
ing power. If the farmer had only 1 carry his
wheat fifty miles was it not far better than that
he should have to carry it 5.00O miles. This
»ould be the result of tbe growth of manufactur
ing towns in regions hitherto given over to oue
employment, for each such town would bring a
market so much nearer to tbe home of tbe farm
er. This was
THE* RESULT OF PROTECTION.
"I want." said Mr. Davis, "to put the cam to
the Minnesota farmer who wants to buy so
many yards o! woo'len cloth. He has got so
many bushels of wheat—two or three, say, to ~-l,
pay for so many yards of cloth. Under the tree '"«.
trade policy the wheat is in Minnesota: the "*-3
fleece is in Australia. The wheat travels 5.0UO
miles to Liverpool and pays tbe tax of trans
portation. The Australia fleece travels 17.000
miles to Liverpool and also pays tbe *.ax of
transportation. It is there made luto cloth and
it is brought 5,000 mi&s to Minnesota to the
farmer, who has to pay all that transportation.
Now, would it not be better, my farmer friends.
if your two or three bushels ot wheat could
find that fleece in Minneapolis or Redwood
Falls? Would it not be better that the railroad
companies instead of the steamship company
had received the benefit of amuc shorter trans
portation? Would it not be far -iter to have
XJKE THE WOOD HARVESTER WORKS.
settle right in the state and develop its re
sources than to have it given over to agriculture
and have the farmers importing all tbe manu
factured articles that they might want? I
would tax luxuries, of course, but I would tax
them for another'Teason than is commonly as
signed. 1 would tax them in order that they'
might be produced right in our midst. There is
no class of manufacture tsat pays so bignlv in
wages as that of luxuries, lt would give diver
sified employment and that always tends to tbe
advancement of the community. For years we
have been tbe greatest agricultural country ia
tbe world. We want to be the greatest manu
facturing country as well. The marvelous ad
vancement which we have made—I am firmly
persuaded and. in fact, I am prepared to stake
my political existence upon it—is tbe policy ol
tbe Republican party.
IN REGARD TO TBE CURRENCY.
The Minnesota farmer has been producing a
surplus for a great many years. "America has
produced a surplus for a great many years, so
that the currency of this country to-day in coin
is $1,200,000,000 in about equal proportions
of gold and sliver. When some fellow comes
around and asks you whether yon do not want
a baser metal, which will drive out gold, tell
him that yon are a producer, that you are sell
ing your surplus and that you want the best
money that tbe surplus will bring. If you are
going down hill and are insolvent and are a gen
eral financial wreck, aud never expect to benefit
your position, then you want to depreciate cur
rency to pay off the man you owe. But as Min
nesota produces a surplus of wheat and barley,
why of course Minnesota producers, farmers and
manufacturers aud wage earners, want tbe best
enrrency that the world can give."
Concluding Mr. Davis urged upon the members
of tbe convention to go borne aud think the
subject over. "Do your own thinkiug and settle
in your own minds that this policy is tbe best
for the country and place the matter before the
people in your respective localities, so that the
people of the state can fully understand the
issues and their bearing upon the prosperity of
this country ana be prepared to act during the
DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES.
It was 3:30 o'clock when D. W. Bruckart
of St. Cloud reported on behalf of the
committee on resolutions, and read this
ringing declaration of Republican princi
The Republicans of the State of Minnesota in
convention assembled renew their declaration
of belief iu the •principles of the Republican
We declare our belief in the principle of pro
tection to American labor, American industries
and American homes.
We believe in such reciprocal trade with the
nations of tbe world as will enlarge the markets
for the products of our farms aud factories
without increasing the competition which tends
to destroy our home markets aud degrade our
We believe in an honest dollar, worth a hun
dred cents wherever the sun shines: in an abun
dant currency based on gold and silver, and iu
such legislation as will make towards an "inter
national agreement to (ix a stap.e ratio between
the monev metals.
We reaffirm our devotion to tbe supreme and
inalienable right of every American citizen in
every state in the Union to cast one iree ballot
iu any election nnd to have that ballot counted
a9 cast. Continued demal of sucn right should
result in deceased representation in congress
and in the electoral college.
The soldiers and sailors who saved the Union
deserve, and shall continue to receive, just
recognition at the hands of the Republican
Our Republican senators and the Republican
representative from Minnesota deserve aud
have the hearty appreciation of all citizens of
the Northwest for their labors iu behalf of the
improvement of the waterways to tbe
sea. bringing our fields nearer the markets of
the world and for their efforts to secure such
legislation as will protect onr farm products
from the operations of the systems whereby
food values are at the mercy of gamblers.
We heartily endorse the wise aud statesman
like administration of Benjamin Harrisou. It
has faithfully fulfilled every pledge of the party.
It has courageously upheld the nation's honor
and disnity at home aud abroad. It has pro
moted peace and prosperity in every sectiou of
the Uuion. It has maintained our credit, lt
has widened the influence of our ideas and in
stitutions. It has been broadly patriotic—a
government for the whole people. During this
administration every American citizen, how
ever humble, has been protected wherever he
may have been by the flag of America upheld by
the strong arms of Benjamin Harris ..n and
James G. Blaine.
DELEGATES AND RLECTORS.
The convention next proceeded to elect
four delegates at large to the national con
vention. J. A. Tawney nominated the
Hon. Stanford Newel of Ramsey, and Col.
King nominated John S. Pillsbury of Hen
nepin, both eulogizing the gentlemen
named. These two nominations were made
J. Q. Adams nominated F. L. MeGhee
•'on behalf of 7,000 Alro-Americans in the
State of Minnesota."
Mr. Towne of St. Couis nominated F. P.
Baugherty of Duluth.
John Lind nominated Frank A. Day of
A viva-voce vote was taken and Daugb
erty and Day were elected by acclamation.
The following ware elected alternates:
Dr. Kee Wakefield, of McCloud E. K.
Cornwell, of Wabasha J. N. Stacey, of
Wright and F. Jj. MeGhee, ot Rarnsoy. Mr.
McGliee declined the honor and E. E. Cor
liss was elected in his place.
The next business was the nomination
of presideutiat electors, two at larse and
one from each congressional district. F.
L. MeGhee of Ramsey county and Patrick
Fox oi Chisago were chosen as electors at
large, and the distries nominated as »©l
First—A. D. Gray, Flllmre.
Second—E. Huntington. Cottonwood.
Third—S. P. Jennison, Goodhue.
Fourth—E. L. Hospes, Washington.
Fifth—H. F. Brown. Heunepiu.
Sixth—W. A. Culkin, Wright.
Seventh—H. W. Donaldson, Kittson.
B. O. EVANS BE-ELECTED.
This over, H. W. Philips of Duluth
moved that as an expression of gratitude
lor the valuable services rendered the partv
by Robert G. Evans ot Hennepin he be re
elected national committeeman.
D. F. Reese submitted the name of Stan
ford Newel, but after John Lind had de
cared lor R. G. Evans he withdrew the
nomination and Air.. Evans was elected by
acclamation. In thanking the coventiou
for the honor done him Mr. Evans pre
dicted a glorious victory in the fall.
Before leaving the platform Mr. Evans
SENATOR DAVIS ENDORSED.
"I have another resolution to offer, and it is
not the result of premeditation that offer it. 1
move that it is the sense of this convention that
the Hon. Cusbman K. Davis succeed himself as
United States senator."
Instantly there was such an outburst of
cheer.ng that the hall shook, and it sub
sided only to be renewed when the gover
nor rose and said:
"I don't belong to this convention, but I be
long to tbe Republican party of Minnesota, and
1 second the motion. [Cheers.] Every one join
in the cheers for Senator Davis."
Three cheers did not suffice. It was an
ovation to which Senator Davis could
scarcely find word* to reply.
"My friends," said he, "this is one of the mo
ments in a mau's life which beggar expression.
Such a testimonial, so spontaneous and so un
deserved aud yet so earnestly woriced lor by its
receipieunt, touches my heart. I can do no
more than confess my inability to respond, but
assure you that I shall carry the memory of this
moment to the end of life."
A speech from W. H. Enstis and tbe pas
sage of a resolution instructing the state
central committee to fill any vacancy
which may occur either anions the dele
gates or electors brought tbe convention
^'fV'% -', .•*«*
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