MARKET REPORT. ll?V*$i
I a°.2 .'..'.'il .84
Rye, .. .*..".*.. ."*]'"'.]
Potatoes, .75 to
Beans, white navy, per bushel ..
Eggs, per dozen 13
Butter, per pound .15 to .20
Hogs, live,^er hundred.. .$4.00 to 4.25
Cows, 2.00 to 3.00
Steers, 2 50 to 2.75
Sheep, 3 00 to 3.50
Veal Calves, 3.00 to 3.50
Beef Hides, 5$
Hard Coal, per ton 10 00
Soft $5.00 to 8 00
Hard Wood, per cord 7.00 to 9.00
Soft 5 50
Hay, per ton $6.00 to 8 00
Flour—100 lbs. Retail. Wholes
Patent $2 70 $2 65
Straight 2 60 2 55
Bakers 2 10 2 05
Graham 2 40 2 35
Rye 2 15 2 15
Shorts, per ton 17 00
Bran, 15 00
One by "Sittyton Soat"
161995 out of "Diana XII"
(Vol 47, page 82) Solid red.
Dropped Feb. 25, 1903.
One by "Golden Towsley"
170571 he by Goldenseal.
Solid red. Dropped May
These are elegant indi
viduals and will be sold
Jos. J. KELLEY,
St. James, Minn.
•$M$»»$»«3* »$••$•+$»*$«*$•*$••$•*$* «}•*$«*\* *}»*$»*$* »$' '$«*\» »1»*$' *$' ^»*$*
is our specialty, and
giving my per
sonal attention to the
same, therefore guar
anteeing prompt de
livery and always
The Jeweler and Optician.
Now is the time to brighten up your homes with
New Carpets, Wall Paper and
and such a variety as we carry in stock.
Iticharcfson's Superlative Carpets*
BOYGOT BIG FIRMS
(Continued from Second Page.)
sympathetic strike or direct their mem
bers to refuse to handle a boycotted
firm's productions. Complaints against
the "offending" unions, crimination and
recrimination threats to "get even", and
all the rest of ©f it follow and,
worst of all, a serious obstacle arises to
block the way of those who are striving
to secure and maintain solidity in the
It is then murmurs of discontent are
heard among the strikers. "What's the
use of the union?" Those fellows are
not union men or they would quit
handling that stuff." "Why dosen'teach
union levy a small assessment to hold
us up?" "I don't see what a building
trades council or a trades assembly is
for if it can't win this strike for us."
"What's the officers of the State Feder
ation of Labor doing, and why don't the
A. F. of L. enfoce the boycott all over
the country?"- and so on AD INFINITUM.
It would be amusing, did it not concern
such a serious matter—the bread and
butter of probably hundreds—and some
times thousands—of men, women and
children. That is indeed a serious
matter, and the man who counsels action
that is certain to affect the bread and
butter supply of his fellows as3umes
one of the must senous responsibilities
that can rest on any one.
The probability of defeat, should a
union become involved in a strike with
in a few months after its organization, is
so strong that almost all of the National
or International unions have adopted
constitutional provisions disciplining
unions that go on strike within certain
period after its organization. The Ameri
can Federation of Labor also discounten
ances strikes by newly formed unions.
This should also be the policy of this
State Federation of Labor. The parent
bodies were obliged to adopt this policy
because of costlv experience, consequent
ly the novices in trade unionism who
advocate strikes before the ink on the
charter is dry, are counseling action that
the men who have onilt up the grand
movement we have today, consider
Common sense not infrequently sug
gests that it would be folly for certain
unions to engage in sympathetic strikes
every time they were called upon for
assistance. The members of the union
on strike do not stop to consider the
conditions of the union called upon.
The Teamsters of Chicago offered a
good illustration of the effect of engaging
in sympathetic strikes whenever called
upon. Probably the men of no other
callings come in contact with mem
bers of as many unions as do the teams
ters, and in Chicago it became the cus
tom to call upon them. They general
ly responded to the call, with the
obvious result they were continually on
strike to assist other unions. No or
ganization can long stand such a strain
as that, and the Chicago teamsters were
finally compelled to reverse their policy.
Conditions may arise, however, that
would justify our organizations in
engaging in sympathetic strikes but we
must be conceded the right to pass
judgment on such questions rather than
the union that asks for the sympathetic
strike. I submit that the best policy to
pursue, before calling a strike, is to call
upon unions likely to become involved
and learn definitely what assistance, if
DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED
by local application, as they cannot reach
the diseased portion of the ear. There is
only one way to cure deafness, and that
is by constitutional remedies. Deafness
is caused by an inflamed condition of the
mucuous lining of the Eustachian Tube.
WBen this tube is inflamed you have a
rumbling sound or imperfect hearing, and
when it is entirely closed, Deafness is the
result, and unless the inflammation can
be taken out and this tube restored to its
normal condition, Hearing will be de
stroyed forever: nine cases out of ten are
caused by Catarrh, which is nothing but
an inflamed condition of themucuos sur
We will give One Hundred Dollars for
any case of Deafness (caused by catarrh)
that cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh
Cure. Send for circulars, free.
F-Gi CHENEY & CO,, Toledo, Ohio.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Take Hall's Family Piils for constipation.
Lace Curtains from 45c
a pair and upward.
Rugs in all sizes andf
quantity, 50c and up
A Good Carpet for 25c 2
Draperies, our special- 5
ty, in colors and quality.
Louis J. Buenger,
Th N Furniture Store.
Want your moustache or beard BUCKINGHAM'^ I1YF
abeautifalbrown orrichWack? Use S
of all de-
Act directly on the liver.
Sold 60 years. S&&58SL-
any, they are in a position to give. By
following this eouroe many disappoint
ments and mncb bitter feeling will. be,
avoided, and very likely many strikes
will never be called.
CJ3E would recommend that the incom
ing officers of this Federation prepare a
circular along this line, and send it to
every union in the state. Let this be the
policy of the Minnesota State Federation
of Labor, and let every UDion know it.
The Minnesota State Federation of
Labor can well feel proud of its work
in the field of organization. I can re
member when there were bat four cities
represented in our state movement. At
today's meeting I have the pleasure of
reporting that there are now 16 cities
represented. Eight years ago there were
scarcely more than 50 unions affiliated
with the Federation. Today we have 265
upon our roster.
If I were asked what is the most im
portant work before ihis convention, I
would unhesitatingly reply: The dis
cussion and introduction of ways and
means to carry on the work of organiza
tion throughout the statp.
The field is wide. I receive letters
from every portion of the state inquir
ing as to the best way to organize a
union. I try to advise them the best
way I can by correspondence, but it
does not bring the results than an organ
izer will. In a new unorganized com
munity we cannot expect local men to
take up the work. It must be inaugu
rated by ourselves. We must send our
men expeiienced in organization to do
the work. This of course takes money
I would recommend that a referendum
vote be taken for the puroose of secur
ing the concensus of opinion among the
unions relating to increasing the per
capita tax from one to two cents per
THE GET TOGETHER POLICY.
Last year I was severely criticised by a
certain element in the labor movement
for advocating the get-together policy.
The criticism has in no way altered my
Who organized New TJlm's first union.
opinion. If it has dene anything it has
tended to strengthen me in my views. I
believe that labor and capital should get
as close together as they can.
It is just as reasonable for capital and
labor to enter into an agreement, as it
is for any buyer and seller to make a
contract. ^The most successful organi
zations of labor in this country are
those that have succeeded in getting to
gether with their employers. The ma
rine workers on the Great Lakes meet
every year with the vessel owners and
agree upon the rate of wages and work
ing conditions for the year. The result
Is that long before navigation op^ns the
vessel owners know whether or not the
season is to be interrupted by industrial
The unions that have succeeded are
those that live up to their contracts. I
believe that the average man, be tie em
ployer or employe, desires to do what is
right. Business competition often
prompts an employer in his unreasona
ble attitude with labor, and on the other
hand labor is just as likely to be unrea
The value of understandings between
employer and employe has been recog
nized by a large number of earnest,
thinking and influential men on both
sides of this question. The Federation
should encourage it at all times.
Chairman C. E. James of St. Paul,
read the report of the Federation
council, and dwelt at some length
upon the spread of the "Perry move
ment." or alliances of citizens to
oppose unions, and cited as a case in
point the injunction issued by Judge
Cray to prevent the building trades
unions of Minneapolis from interesting
themselves in controversies between
owners and workmen. When the
unions appealed to the supreme court
the higher tribunal dissolved the in
junction, a practical victory for the
Federation. In this connection he
recommended that some provision be
made for retaining legal talent when
citizens' alliances resorted to the
courts and he also requested that the
organization exert its influence toward
securing the passage of a measure
making employers responsible for
accidents occurring in their factories.
The establishment of the free employ
ment bureaus was also recommended,
as was the permanent employment of
Ed. Stevens of Minneapolis, offered
a motion that a special committee be
appointed to draft resolutions treating
of the conditions in Colorado. It
carried and Pres. Neary subsequently
L. E. Chesney, Thos. Van Lear,
Hugh Jennings, Minneapolis Kather
ine Brown, James McNally, St. Paul
Guy Bye, Brainerd L. Colson, Man
Before adjourning a number'of im-
portant resolutions wer* introduced
and referred to various committees.
One of these asked that Washburn
Crosby flour and the products of the
National Biscuit company be placed
on the "unfair list," and another that
$750 be appropriated toward the fund
for the assistance of the Minneapolis
mill workers now on strike. A third
indorsed the Woman's Label League.
Secretary McEwen offered one to in
crease the per capita tax fund from one
to two cents monthly and the Brainerd
Trades and Labor council had a
measure in the interest of humanity.
To guard against ptomaine poisoning
which might result from the decom
position of vegetables, fruits or foods
preserved in tin cans, it would com
pel manufacturers to stamp the tins
with the month and year in which the
goods were prepared.
Garfield Morrison introduced a
resolution to alter the manner of
choosing the members of the Feder
ation council. At present there are
three in Minneapolis, three in St. Paul
and one in Stillwater, but the smaller
towns of the state petitioned for repre
sentation by requesting that cities
having ten unions affiliated with the
Federation be allowed one member
and those having twenty-five unions
be entitled to three.
At 8 o'clock Monday evening the dele
gates formed in line in front of the
Dakota House and led by the Second
Regiment band marched to Turner
Park. There the band dispensed mu
sic while the various classes of the
Turnverein went through drills and
gymnastic exercises, furnishing an en
tertainment which was highly praised
by the laborites.
Resolutions of various kinds occu
pied the attention of the convention at
yesterday morning's session. One was
introduced to increase the salary of
the secretary to $50 per month and
then the committee on resolutions sub
mitted a report recommending the
adoption of a batch of five. The Wo
man's Label League was indorsed,
the products of the American Buiscuit
company boycotted and Federation
members were instructed to insist upon
union labels on their bread. The
Brainerd canned-food resolution went
through and the delegates voted to
boycott the goods manufactured by
Robitshek, Frank & Heller of Minne
apolis, at the same time volunteering
support to the co-operative factory es
tablished by the Garment Workers'
Union of the same city, in retaliation
for the look-out order issued by the
The committee on resolutions recom
mended that the proposed "contribu
tory negligence" law be referred to the
Federation council with instructions
to use all legitimate means co secure
its passage by the legislature. A
lengthy discussion followed but the
convention ultimately adopted the re
port and went on record as favoring
ing the placing on employers of re
sponsibility for accidental injuries
sustained by workmen.
Instructions were issued to organiz
ers to enlist railway laborers in the
labor movement and Sec. McEwen in
troduced a resolution censuring Sen
ator Clapp for evading the vote on the
eight-hour working law.
Sympathy for the striking flour mill
employes of Minneapolis was mani
fested by the labor delegates yester
day afternoon in a forceful manner.
The incident came about through the
recommendation of the finance com
mittee that $750 be paid into the strik
ers' fund. John Swift of Minneapolis,
one of the founders of the Federation,
took the floor in defense of the mill
owners, saying that they had shown a
disposition to be just, that he consid
ered the strike hasty and ill-advised
and that the flour packers and loaders
really had no grievance. Several
speakers took issue with him on these
contentions and when submitted to a
vote the appropriation was given a
unanimous passage amid the greatest
The Federation further committed
itself by adopting a resolution con
demning the action of the bakers'
union of Minneapolis in furnishing
food to the scabs engaged to break
the strike, but went to the other ex
treme by decreeing that henceforth
labor unions affiliated with it must
consult the Federation officers before
ordering their members out.
Free employment agencies will be
established by the state if the feder
ation has any influence with the Min
nesota legislature. It was voted yes
terday afternoon to frame a bill pro
viding for these bureaus and to peti
tion the legislature for an appropria
Politics was discussed for a short
time when the resolution criticising
Senator Clapp came up. An element
in the convention was in favor of cen
suring him for his failure to vote on
the eight-hour labor bill but the ma
jority were disinclined to furnish cam
paign material and the recommenda
tion of the committee that the resolu
tion be tabled prevailed.
Legalized anarchy is the definition
of the Colorado strike situation, as
set forth in a resolution adopted just
before adjournment. This document
denounces Gov. Peabody as a corrupt
tyrant and Gen. Bell as a military
Nero, accusing them of intimidating
the civil authorities, imprisoning inno
cent men, insulting womanhood and
trampling under foot the constitution
of the state and nation. It concludes
by appealing to President Roosevelt,
as commander-in-chief of the national
guard under the Dick biU, to investi
gate the brutal conduct of the Colo
rado militia. Sec. McEwen was or
dered to send a copy to the White
The Minneapolis Building Trades
Council was allowed $341 to defray
expenses incurred in fighting the Cray
injunction and Sec. McEwen was giv
ne $25 per month for stenographer
hire. The matter of increasing the
per capita tax was ordered submitted
to the unions for a referendum vote
and it was decided to send organizers
to Little Falls and Stillwater to revive
interest in unionism.
The mass meeting last night was con
fined entirely to an exposition of the
workings of the unions and addresses
were made by W. E. McEwen, who al
so presided at the meeting John
O'Donnell, state labor commissioner
A. H. Garfield, John Dirker, Miss
Augusta Seifert, J. H. Baker and F.
E. Hoffmann. John Gardner of Minne
apolis, was introduced as the soloist
of the meeting and, accompanied by
Prof. Bosky, he rendered in an ex
cellent manner two selections, being
repeatedly encored. Harry Dix con
cluded the program by telling several
of the meeting and he was cheered to
the echo. The meeting was somewhat
of a revelation to many of the people
of the city who attended as it showed
the labor situation in a different light
from that expected.
This morning at 10 o'clock the dele
gates are to elect their officers. The
resignation of M. E. Neary has nar
rowed the contest for the presidency
down to Harry L. Dix of Minneapolis,
and C. E. James of St. Paul, with the
former apparently in the lead. There
are not likely to be contests for any
of the other positions and Sec. Mc
Ewen will probably be elected without
The visitors demanded union-made
smokes—and got them.
In the matter of delegates Minnea
polis had but a trifling lead over St.
Paul. The Flour City sent 61 and the
A piece of generosity greatly appre
ciated by the Federation was the dona
tion by the New Ulm Turnverein of the
use of Turner Hall.
The entertainment given by the Turn
verein was a novelty for most of the
delegates and they enjoyed the splen
did gymnastic work immensely.
President Neary steps out of office
after fifteen years of continuous and
faithful service. He was first elected
at a convention in Duluth in 1889.
A mischievous delegate with a police
whistle kept the local coppers busy
Sunday evening. He tormented the
department of protection for upwards
of two hours.
As usual the Second Regiment band
made a hit. At the entertainment given
in their honor Monday evening the
delegates improvised a yell for "Neu
Ulm und der band.''
The attendance was not as large as
at Little Falls a year ago. This is
accounted for by the fact that many
unions reduced their delegations from
six or more to two and three.
It was well the convention was
labelled. From the well-fed, well
dressed appearance of the artisans one
might have imagined himself in a
gathering of railway magnates.
Hugh Jennings, the Minneapolis
spellbinder, pleaded for the privilege
of announcing Monday night's enter
tainment and then Pres. Neary faceti
ously accepted his generous invitation.
For three days Secretary McEwen
was the busiest man in North America.
It did not overtax his fund of courtesy
and good nature, however, and he
even found time for odd moments of
Mayor Silverson's welcoming ad
dress was in excellent taste. He did
not resort to flattery and the conven
tion appreciated his sincerity. They
rewarded him with several hearty
bursts of applause.
It remained for the parade Monday
evening to give New Ulm people some
idea of the number of delegates in at
tendance. When in line behind the
Second Regiment band the labor men
made an imposing procession.
Monday evening a number of dele
gates established a kangaroo court.
It did a thriving business and fines
amounting to $43 were collected. The
money will be used to present Pres.
Neary with a suitable testimonial.
John Swift of Minneapolis, the fa
ther of the Minnesota Federation, did
not miss the convention. He led the
movement which resulted in the organ
ization of the state body in the old
Knights of Labor days and a conven
tion without him is incomplete.
While it was a source of *lgret to
the visitors to find so few union men
in New Ulm, still the old town did
I Four Great*
Why you should buy your $
Coffee at Pfefferle's.
1. Pfefferle's coffee is of
the best possible quality.
2. Pfefferle's coffee is
absolutely pure and this
fact is appreciated in
many homes. Why not
3. It is within the reach
of all, and considering the
quality, the price is much
below that which others
4. You receive the full
value of your money. No
scrimpy measure here.
The Pure Food Gioeer,
If you intend to visit the
Louisiana Pur= 1
tion at St.
we are in a position to furnish
you with Drafts and Checks
which you can cash without any
inconvenience to yourself.
of New UlmI
possess one who was a whole reception
committee in himself. W. F. Cavan
augh did the honors for the rest of us
and acquitted himself gloriously.
There is only one criticism to be
made upon the delegates and the con
vention. Their purpose in being in
the city was to organize it and if they
had insisted, when buying cigars or
any other home-manufactured article,
in having the home brand it would
have made friends, instead of ene
mies, of the local manufacturers.
Articles manufactured in this city are
not scab articles, and should not be
classed as such.
Organizes First Union.
To J. H. Baker of Duluth, belongs
the distinction of organizing the first
union in New Ulm. He has interested
the local carpenters in the labor move
ment and yesterday secured the eleventh
member of the new organization. Other
labor emissaries have been commun
ing with the cigar makers and milt
workers and hope to organize these
New Rural Route.
Postmaster L. B. Krook was notified
Monday of the establishment of a new
rural mail route to run out of New Ulm
into the townships of Cottonwood and
Cambria. The carrier will make his
first trip on July loth and the length
of the route is 27^ miles. It covers an
area of 24 square miles and will serve
a population of 510. Rural route No.
2 has been rearranged and instead of
returning via the Metzen Cottonwood
bridge, will recross at Manderfeld's.
This will give additional service.
Band Concert Program.
In German Park last Tnursday
evening the New Ulm Cadet band gave
another of its delightful concerts.
The program for their concert tomor
row evening is as follows:
1 "Nonesuch" March T. Feeher
2 Selection '"Irish Artist" F. Vernon
3 Symphia Waltz A.Holzmann
4 Francesca Polka \V. Strong
5 War Medley E.Culvin
6 Overture "Victory" E. Herndon
7 "Dance of the Hindoos" ...S.Morris
8 "Around the Metropolis" E. Beyer
9 "Surprise" Serenade B. Gruenentelder
10 Waterville March R. B.Hall
Overheard on the Pike.
Mr. "Easy—"Why should people vis
iting the Exposition at night, use more
Allen's Foot-Ease than in daytime?"
Miss Foote—"Because under the
brilliant illumination of the grounds,
every foot becomes an acre!"
Mr. Easy—"Fair, Only Fair! Pray,
conduct me to the nearest drug store
and I promise never to accept a sub
stitute for you or for Allen's Foot
Note—The twain will be made one In
June. s*r«iss?' ., .„,•
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