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Published by flfow Publinlkinrf to EDITOR: Albert Steinhauser MANAGING EDITOK: H. Payne Subscription Rates $1.50 Per Year. Wednesday, Jan. 7 1914 Secretary Bryau In speaking- at tiiacoln, Nebr., Sunday referred to his hope that war with Mexico would be. prevented and erave voice to an epigram that the advocates of conflict vveuld do well to pontfer upon, as Tbllows: "I do not want men to die be fore guns for their country 1 want fchetn to live for their country." Good, -AOuad, common sense to that, isn't t.here? We are sorry to learn that H. fLuslet, editor and owner of Butterfielcl Advocate, has sold newspaper and printing plant W. the his to John W. Hubin, who is at present principal of the Munich, (N. D.) schools. Mr. Haislet is one of the brightest, livest, most likable of the editors which it has been our pleas ure to meet since we joined the ranks of the scribes of the Second District. EL-, Haislet is a fighter but he conies cut in the open and doesn't stoop to th.3 use of brass knuckles tho his bare fists can hand a blow that is just about as effective. We sincerely hope that he will find a place in the neighborhood so that we may not lack the inspiration of his breezy enthusiasm that makes everything about him seem worth while. Both •Mr. Haislet and his charming wife are citizens any community might be *$roud of. Here's best wishes to their future success and happiness. The story of the New Year's Eve accident as told by all the members of the Kraus family simply demon strates the folly of having dangerous weapons about the home. Not all guns cause sorrow and death to enter the homes where they are kept, but so many of them do that no home which contains a dangerous weapon is safe a single moment of the time. The accidents arising from this cause happen so suddenly and without pos sible hope of prevention. It is all over before the persons concerned know anything is happening. The sadden careless movement, the loud re port, the mangled form, usually some one young and hopeful of life at that, znd a, life is snuffed out. Even death tluit comes thus suddenly may be more merciful than the fate that re mains for the careless one. Sus picion, just or unjust, as it may be, tails upon him, and regret and re morse for the carelessness that took life must surely fill many a day and night. And for what? For the pleasure of having an instrument that will destroy the life, of the small creatures of earth. No other use has a gun and need for it there is none, absolutely none. But how many parents of growing boys have the sense to refuse them the owner ship of these dangerous toys? The parents are the guilty when a life is lost. :!3NT FOR YOUR NEW RESOLUTION. YEAR'S .'• VATbeneeev possible, I «dil support Md oatronize industries of my Home territory, Minnesota and iho. North west. Bv doing Uiis I will be assist ing in buildincr up and encouraging institutions which will make the northwest a nuore valuable part of tbe United States. in advancing the interests of home industries, I will r-iJso be advanciu^- my own personal »r.tierests." The Making and Repairing of Roads. 1 (Communicated.) That .'public roads are a necessity *n. all civilized communities, is a proposition which, will be generally accepted as true. They are neces sary for the marketing of produce, for the transportation of supplies, fttfd very desirable for other purpo rt*.. We might add that the condi nw of the roads is a fairly reliable Did You New Years Resolutions? you did, was one of them a resolve to protect your self and your family by taking out an a policy in the Equitable Lifeof Iowa? R. B. HIGGS LOCAL AOENT index of the intelligence and refine ment of a community, and that, also, would be measurably true. Public roads are usually laid out by legal process, and some provision is made for their maintenance but, owing to varying conditions, such as density and wealth of population, expense of building and up-keep, the law cannot be made very explicit with regard to the amount which must be expended for.such purposes, and much is left to the judgment, or caprice, of each respective commun ity, consequently the condition of the roads is a reliable indication of the interest taken by a community in its local welfare. The word road is not very definite in signification. It may be applied to almost anything from an ancient cattle-trail to an asphalt pavement. Highway is better because it means, literally, a road which has been graded, or built up. The modern "good road," or "highway," is the result of a process of evolution. It embodies the wisdom of experience. People have learned that one of the most important requisites for a good road is adequate drainage. The main idea of the modern highway is to secure efficient surface drainage. "When the surface of such a road is kept in proper condition water runs off without wetting deeply into the roadbed, and, as a consequence, the road is not badly cut up by heavily loaded wheels. It also has another advantage, because when well grad ed up, the snow usually blows off in winter without seriously wetting its surface. Grading-up, however, does not fill all the requirements of proper drain age. Provision must be made not only for water to run off the road, but, likewise, away from it. If roads are so constructed across low places as to dam the water back and pre vent it flowing away readily it will soon soak through the road-bed and make it so soft that it will be cut into deep rut3 by wheels. That will also take place where marshes are "filled-in," as a result of absorption, unless the marsh is first drained, or the road built up very high. It is a common mistake to make culverts so small that they are inadequate to carry off the water after heavy rains, thereby causing it to run over and wash the track. Another disadvan tage of the small culvert is that it fills with ice in winter and 13 not thawed out early enough in spring to carry away the water from melt ing snow. It is a mistake to suppose that roads are most easily-built and main~ tained on level ground. Such is not the case. Good roads can be more cheaply built in a moderately rolling country than on very flat land, be cause it is so much easier to secure efficient drainage. In- either case they should be well graded upy. though that is much more essential ©n fiat, than on rolling land. It is a good rule to always make greater provi sion for drainage than you believie can possibly be required. Fairly good roads can be ma«Iey and maintained, in almost aay sec tion of the country, from material' available on the spot, thougl there are some exceptions Ravins' bui&J a road, in proper form, if its surface1 can be thickly covered with good" gravel which will pack wellj. it wiffi prove of very great advantage Sucto roads are less slippery in wet weather much more durable, all together more satisfactory, and generally more economical in the end. The impor tant points in road building are to keep them well graded upy with a smooth surface sloping well to either side, and free from hummocks. Such a sloping surface lets the water mm off quickly. When knobs or hum mocks are left in the track passing wheels work holes on each sidte of them whether the road iis wet or dry. When roads are onee well made it would be an immense financial sav ing, and add greatly to the comfort of those who use them, if an efficient road-patrol could be organized and maintained to keep them in order. Men should be hired to inspect roads frequently, especially during and af ter storms, to prevent water run ning in or across the track, and to open up drifts after heavy snows in winter. Under px-esent methods the same work often has to be perform ed year after year with very little, if any, permanent improvement in the condition of the road. A. road patrol would tend to preserve that which had.been done, and thus make possible further improvements each year. Many people appear 'to labor un der the impression that all money paid as "road tax" is a dead loss. Such is not the case. Money prop erly spent in that way is usually a better investment, and pays better interest, than an equal deposit in a savings bank because in improving the roads, so much more is added to the value of property along the way. Furthermore such improve ments manifest a progressive spirit on the part of the people who make them, and add greatly to their own comfort and convenience when, oblig ed to use them. (, •V* .v WAR'S PQLLY ANDIFUTILITY mh BY A.W.WRIGHT %i The Engineer, Colonel Goethals, under whose supervision and direction the Panama canal is being built, is reported to have said the enterprise was undertaken, and is being carried forward to completion, by 0ie United States, "As a Military Necessity." No such declaration of purpose was made by any body originally. It is when the canal approaches completion that it is declared that it was considerations having to do with "Military Necessity" which iSioved the men administering the government of the United States to engage in its building. .The wish and will of the people was never sought or asked in any way by administrative agencies. When it was before the Con gress, however, how far in its progress towards passage would the bill authorizing construction of the Panama canal have got ten if it had then been declared ,or even hinted, that upon its completion an army of at least 25,000 men would be required permanently as a defensive garrison? 5This is the statement made in the closing days of 1912 by Colonel Goethals.LLJt was at first proposed that the canal zone be made "neutral," not that it should be fortified. But it now is made to appear that the proposition for neutrality was a subterfuge wherewith to cloak and conceal actual intention. For, certainly, the unanimi ty and vehemence with which all officers, from President down, now. urge and insist that the canal be fortified gives verity to the declaration Goethals is reported to have made. But, what is to be said of the equivocal concealment of purpose on the part of "statesmen," politicians and engineers having the enterprise in mind and control, until a time when the work nears comple tion If the canal is to be employed as an agency and instru ment of peaceful trade and commerce and not for purposes of popular exploitation, that is to be world-wide in reach and scope, no "Military Necessity" for its building can be said to exist, and the vehement insistance for its fortification has no raisoii- d' etre. What may be looked for as an effect of an atti tude which implies hostility to all the external world In the presence of and exposed to educational influences expressed through governmental policies habitually adhered to and continuously operative, whereby external peoples are viewed and treated as natural enemies, to be aggressed upon and ex ploited, is it not natural and to be expected that within the po litical organization itself, there should grow into operative being a corresponding development that there should arise Trusts, Combinations, Employers' Associations, Trades Unions, and the like, organized with a view to predatory policies and devoted to methods and schemes of popular spoliation? Before his appointment to office of Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, Governor Hughes was reported as having said: "It is needed to put an end to corrupt alliances between busi ness and politics." No mention of cause for such alliances- was made necessity related solely to wiping out an effect. The proposition relates to regulative control of meh not at all to change of organization, or the influences whereby men are af fected. The political organization being militant as it is, there fore unsuited to activities other than aggressive and predatory and "politics" having to do with determining the policies1 of the organization, it becomes in the nature of things and mravoid-. able, that "Interests" should seek and effect alliances. A po litical organization suited to requirements of aggression only, and devoted to pillage and spoliation must share the spoils with "Interests" or itself go out of "Business and of "Statesman" there are none who would consent that the State should go out of "Business." When fact is: stripped of all pretense whereby it is, hidden and made to appear atherwise does i1rno*, become clearr ^'-Thast there is no politics in polities," but that "it is a great game/* in which power is to"»feewon fey art, trick and subterfuge—and these failing, by fraud? That it is a "great game"* whereby those engaged in it seek: power to the end that they mayN©rgan ize antf conduct "politicaP and "business" activities so they may "legally" get something $®r nothing? When1 liflfc truth is uoted and properly weighed does it any longer appeaar strange1 that those wto© make the "polt&eal game" their profession and voca* tion should become so intoxicated with its exciteiasent that!'they lose all sense of ethical afid moral consideration- and seek mtly to win? Does it seem: strange fthat men so engaged shoulU at last become affected witha honest belief that the- "prosperity" of the coumtry and the welfare and well-being of its people de pended upon their own and their party's success in gaining power tharfe the end sought justified means, and they shoeld engage in trick, artifice,, subterfuge,, all manner of deceit smd fradulenti manipulation, fro-'purpose o& effecting ami controlling elections? That opportunity offering they should even "co*mt out," or "corani in," to gain? desired! resutffea? Always it is that political discussion and aetiwtly is direct ed towards determining wlo shall: goirera and whose gov erned toth» subordination, if not the exclusion of" every otiter consideration. It is time that that mhitk determines the limit of free and spontaneous activity on the part of indlTiduals re ceived serious thought) audi attention. It is said that war has proved an aaid to the advancement of civilization. On the contrary such prag*ess as has been made in intellectual growth the growth- and development of ethical and moral! concepts, and the civilizing refinement* that have come into being, has been h* spite of influences Ksorn of war, and not at an because a them Ihteleetnal growth^ ethical principles- and moral, idieas received original excising impetus from influences born of: trade and eomE&eree. When men began to exchange economic (quantities, they began to exchange views and ideas, and out of these beginnings grew the culture that made subsequent civilization possible. The testimonies of the past show that people after having made considerable advances^ towards civilization have often become rebarbasized by: war~ That which appeals to and excites the brute in man does not civilize it is the reffinemerafcs of peace that soffen, refine an4 exalt human nature and nofc the: bloodthirst and cruelty of war! Agriculture has reached its highest general development in America. The impetus wMch led to present states of develop ment was gained during the infancy and youtik..of the nation, and before its taxing power was employed to* raise immense revenues in support of a vast military establishment and to fur ther purposes of national aggrandizement. But now the nation has become a great "World Power,w and its taxing power takes, directly and indirectly, one-half the earnings of the people and dissipates them in promotion of militancy abroad, and "preda tory business" at home the boys who were born and reared on the farm are turning away fi)©m agriculture and the girls are following them to the cities. The deadly blight of nnlitary ab solutism is being felt in America in ways that correspond to what has long been experienced in Europe. With the develop ment of militancy and the splendors of a plutocracy born of it, the old contempt for agriculture is being revived, everywhere the rural population remains stationary, or is diminishing. Iowa, with a soil unsurpassed in fertility by any in the world, during the ten-year period between 1900 and 1910 showed a marked decrease of rural population. The peace of the farm is too un eventful the poison of the war spirit fills young men's minds with desire for conquest and power to dominate fellowmen, and to extort tribute from all mankind. The farm presents no op portunity for exercise of the power that goes with acquisition of great wealth the farmer is of the class "too contemptible to fight," so farming is becoming contemptible W *-i,* '-VHIJUMJiLaiT*. THRILLING RESCUES RETZLAFF ildkeYourCoukindaDailyfleaMire The Monarch Malleable Range is the only malleable range that is manufactured com plete in one plant, by one company and un der one management. JO WOR IN TH E W CITY. ^AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA TurneR *RieatrE TUBS. Eve., Jan. 13 I I OnirWI\Ll#r\LIn I sf The Prbgress of the Mori a al le a ble Range marks the Evo lution and development of the Perfect Range. AT THE MEW uLM PUBLISHING CO. With an ELECTRIC WASHER, such as 3 is shown below, you will cut your wash-day in two. You can do twice the work with one-half the energy. _|#'%iH We have just finished nankin? the Metzinger and Bee Hive Electric Signs. Any one interested come and see us before buying-. I Everling Electric Co. Electric Wiring and Electrical Supplies. 3 YMANi] HOWES TRAVEL I I 1 1 FESTIVAL -A MILE DEEP INDIA N HOPI AND NAVAJO OVER JPARIS YACHTING OFF MONTE CARL O WONDERS iv OF MARIN E LIFE MANY QTH£f*& 1 -4 •4 -4 8&' .'Tt,- TYPES*DANCES INDUSTRIES FROM AN OCEAN GREYHOUN6 DASHE O N THE ROCKS TOR N RAGIN SEAS SPEEDING BY *1YDRO-AEROPLANE A MILE HIGH Boxes, 7o cents: Parquet and Dress Circle, 50cent*: Balcony, 50-and 35 cents Gallery, 25 cents. Special Rates for School Children. TO be continued Seats Reserved at the Pioneer Drug Store.