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Published by 6%« EDITOR: Albert »Stelnhauser A N AC.lt EDrroi:: II. Pa ue Subscription Rates $1.50 Per Year. Wednesday^ Jan. 21 1914 Debate and forensic wox'k in our High School is pushing rapidly to the fore this winter and the interest shown in the work seems to indicate that it is here to stay. The work of the two literary societies is no doubt responsible for this quickeninjr of en thusiasm to no small degree. The competition for the Neumann trophy cup has done a great deal to height en the rivalry in the inter-society programs. Last year the Thalians succeeded in landing the cup after a spirited fight and consequently hold it for the present year. This year the Athenae Society has gotten a fly ing start and seems "determined to get their name on the silverware. The entering of a team in the State Debate League is a step in the right direction. New Ulm should be rep resented in this line of intellectual endeavor fully as much as in athlet ics. There is no doubt but that the participants in a debate derive much more direct benefit from their effort than an athlete does from his work. The formation of a league with Springfield is also a good move for the wider scope of the program and including as it does a reading and an original literary production, gives opportunity for more to get into this valuable forensic work. 1 LOCAL NOTES -•••'•"•••»•••.••'•••• to reach ibe requisite solid ground, After the specified concrete work had Monday the first consignment of cannons which are to adorn the Court House Square reached the city. They come direct from Washington, D. C. and weigh 3000 lbs apiece. Word has been received that the other two caonoos have been shipped from Cali fornia and are on their way, as are former home: also 3o cannon balis winch left the J- Esser, wife and daughter of New' navy yards at Portsmouth, N. H. over tiluti Jake Esser of Redwood Falls a week ago Application tor this Peter Esser of Mankato Ferninand •armament park adornment was made Esser of Cvatonna Henry ajad Arnold Sept. ISih to Congressman .Hammond 1 Fischenich of Adrian. Werner Fische wbo immediately got iuto touch with aud Adolph Esser of Ellsworth.) She War Department and got the j*The five brothers, .Barney, Arnold,1 oromise of them tor the use of the! Jake, Peter and Ferdinand acted as County. The government makes no charge for the cannon but expects the counties to whom they are seat to pay .all the transportation charges. Just how hlffh they will be, is not known at this time. One bill has so far been received for cartage amount.ic» to Miss Alice Raeberle entertained the' SIC 24. Junior Pioneer Card Club Friday at have thicker fouodation and OJ dered. that 21 feet, more of concrete be pub in and 6 feet in the center. By an over- Wht?D the new chimney for tb.9 Euchiv. Prizes were awarded to Mrs.! electric light plant was built, the Yoerg, Miss Anna Toberer and Mrs. specification? called for a concrete Fred Pfaender. ^/uTKlaUoit•• 17** feet square with a! Mrs. Ernie Hagberg arranged a depth of Ik i'eet on the edges and o)£ party iu honor of her aunt, Mrs. feet in the center. It was also agreed Augusta Yoerg who is spending a toat the contractor should dig down 16 v,eek visiting with her sister, Mrs. I feet below the boiler room floor to George Marti. Tbe party was held at reach solid enough ground to build the Marti home and cards formed the! -.the foundation without extra charge, amusement. it was necessary to go clown 18* feet sigbt no measurements were taken of' tiie thicknc-ss of ih« concrete, before' th-.^ vork of buildioj the chimney! proper was commenced. When tbe bill of ih« Vvebber f'himney Co. was presented, it contained an item of $255 for this extra work and payment was .refused until the council had time to snake an investigation. The only fining that could tie done was to dig! down nnd Hod out and Henry Kano kowiu and [-j'erman Poizin were given! resolved thai' after New Years you would pro tect yourself and your family by taking out an in an ce policy"? The Equitable Lifeo Iowa «nn handle your business speedily aud to your satisfaction. See Our Local Agent J. R. HIGGS this job. They commenced work Friday oooo and completed their labors laie Monday ufternoot). An examination of the foundation was made by the city engineer and be found that it was 4 feet on the edges as claimed by the contractor and the oit\ will simply have to pay the bill. Mr. and Mrs. William Sandmaito of Morgan are visiting at the home of Henry Sievert. A baby girl arrived at the home of E1. Bigot FridaVi one at the home of Ed. Altmann of Lafayette on Satur day and one at the home of Louis Oobs on Monday. Richard Baasen left this morning for Minneapolis to attend the annual meetiuj of the Surety Fuud Life Co. of that city in whose employ he has beec the past year. He expects to start out again soou and will work in Minne sota for the present and preferably close to home. Monday evening RQV. Geo. Mayer joined in holy wedlock Miss Martha! Krebs of Cobden and Heinhold Loeck of Balaton. The ceremony waspei formed at the parsonage of the Frie dens Church. The young couple wiil go to housekeeping on the farm of the: groom's father near Balaton. Miss Anna Portaer of Sigei and Robert Preisinger of Lafayette were united in marriage at the Holy Trinity Church yesterday (Tuesday) morning! at I) o'clock, Rev. Schlinkert officiat-• ing Henry Weier and Miss Katie! Portuer acted as attendants. A wed ding dinner was served at the home of Friiz Reuter OQ South Franklin Street at which only the contracting parties and their immediate families werej present. The newly weds will go to housekeeping on the groom's farm in Lafayette. John Esser. a brother of the E*ser! boys, died last Tuesday afternoou at his home Dear Madison, Wis. Death' was due to diabetes. He was sick only a week. He is survived by his I widow and eight children, The funeral was held Saturday morning. Tbe llowing attended from here and his Barney Esser, Arnold pali-bearers. Arnold arid family and Barney returned home-. Monday morn ing. Social Events. of bfien completed, the committee in five couples gathered to wish him well 1 charge feit that it would be sa'er to a tllV m&m&m** 1 of W E a a ,. a a a evening! a a 8 51st birthday. Thirty-j a to pasa a pleasant social evening it ftbd S E a a faosls a agvegat)ly at the expense of the city, making the placing cards and the usual! foundation 4 leet deep on the edges ersious followed by a supper. I Mt N S a I a Koch entertained Saturday evening at': tne Sorasea home in booor of iVJiks. Daisy R'tchardsou. The guests iociu-i ded the teachers of the public sehools and other old friends of Miss Richarcl- son. The evening was spent playing.! wbist, there being eight tables. Prizes were won "by Miss Persons, iv]issj Wendt, Miss Llovd and Miss P/eifter. Dainiy reiieshrnents were served foJJowed by utusic and a reading Oy Miss Paduock. Thursday eveotug the members of the Machine Gun Company entertameJ their ladies and a few iuvited coup e.' at a social hop at Turner Hail Gym-! nasium. A 1 ght supper was servel! by the ladies of the Turner Society and the guests eujujed the .evening so much that they danced as long as tuey could get the musicians to stay. There ,,,,. ,T. »., «.. were just enough present to. make ave at you dancing in the g-.»m a pleasure and no doubt there will be other similar affairs arranged by the boys Com-' pany memoeis wore the drab uniform.' Wednesday afternoon of last week the Ladies Guild of the Episcopal I Church entertained at an afternoon coffee Not only members of the Guild were present but each member invited guests. Mrs. A. W. Bingham and Mrs. Mary Meile were hostesses at the home of the former. The after noon was speDt with needlework and Miss Thornton of tbe High School rendered two violin selections accom panied by Mrs. A. W. Bingham. Friday afternoon the Ladies Aid of the Congregational Church held their regular monthly meeting at tbe church parlors. For the first ire .ting of the new year it was surrrising,bow many were present and nearly all the members had invited guests so that more than sixty enjoyed a social afternoon together followed by supper in the dining room Mrs E. Metzinger pleased tbe company graatly by singing, Mrs. Siegel entertained with two humorous readings, Miss AlwiDa Winkelmano gave a piano solo and Mrs. Hess rwad "The Calf Path." The program closed with the singiug of a favorite hymn bv all. rrurt 11 •irtffiwrtwiiimp immtf -ij*« WAR'S FOLLY AND FUTILITY BY A. VV. WRIGHT That it is not the restraints put upon people by constituted authority which hold and keep them in order is abundantly shown by testimony presented by various peoples of Earth. The American Indian affords striking illustrations. They go to war— rarely, they commit murder, because they believe in blood atone ment for personal injury. Claims to property receive universal recognition and respect. Liars and cheats are unknown and the thief is practically non-existent. No licentiousness and except those recently made so by white men, as in Alaska, no prosti tutes. No jails or arbitrary restraints of any kind. Among the Creeks and Choctaws, those tried and condemned to death for murder are permitted to remain at large, to come and go at will, until day for execution arrives, when the condemned un failingly appear and pay the penalty. Are people with white complexions less capable or less willing than untutored red men to recognize and conform to traditional principles of ethics and morals? Are they inferior in such respects, to the Creeks and Choctaws? The testimony of experience proves the contrary for where, confidence is shown where men are trusted without oath or other formality, impljdng they are not to be trusted, cases in which confidence and trust is violated are exceptionally rare. Even those who are called criminals, who are released and given restricted liberty from penal institutions, under con ditions which imply so much of distrust as to be calculated to excite feelings of shame, humiliation and resentment, if not of anger, violations of "parole" are so infrequent that they rare ly run into percentages expressed in double figures. In the absence of compulsory measures and questioning restraints people everywhere and at all times, with most rare exception, refrain from aggressive acts and do as they agree. That which pleases, or offends self, at once and unmistak ably, appeals to the understanding so it is in. the nature oi things that the only genuine and intelligible guide to such gen eral conditions of fairness and justice as are humanly attain able reside in that which affects each individual pleasurably or painfully. However, the pains and miseries bom of the de forming and destroying effects of arbitrary measures employed by "constructive statesmen" obsessed with high ideals and ani mated with humanitarian impulses will have to be borne until such time as those who have grown intelligently selfish are become sufficiently numerous and influential to cause a falling off in demand for the follies and futilities embodied in "con structive legislation." Ideals affecting other's good unrelated to genuine and untrammeled expressions of human nature born, simply, of notions as to what "ought to be," are intensely stimulating and most satisfying to would-be governors. They constitute a most agreeable, resource for the spirit of dominion whereby all would-be kings and governors are animated every phase of despotism and tyranny may be justified thereby. It will be a long time before "constructive statesmen" cease to obstruct by going out of business, for the course of general thought is still under guide and control of those who adhere to the "intuitive" school of philosophy. It is assumed that Man came into his present state of being as a creation, and not as a subject of developmental growth. Hence man's moral nature is "innate moral concepts arfe born of "intuition" and not of any originating impulse gtfwsing out of sensuous experience. Everything is attributed to and explained by spiritual agency. Imagination being untrammeled in its flight by no opposing disagreeable fact all explanations are affected with mysticism and ecstacy: In every fieldexcept Statecraft and Priestcraft all thought rests upon materialistic basis. In all other fields the mechanistic theory of origins and mechanistic explanations of being have gained supremacy. "Statesmen," and priests alone refuse to accept or contemplate facts which cannot be distorted and twisted into justifying accord with belief. They believe first and seek to prove afterwards. But the law of continuity from the past suggests with the force of verity that the mechan istic theory of origins and mechanistic explanations of being will triumph in the political field and finally, even in that which is now devoted to theology. "Statesmen" accept for their rule and guide the notion there is an Imperative Rule of Right, of which Man has "intuitive" cognition but on account of "innate" ten dencies no heed will be given these "intuitive" admonitions in an absence of means and measures for compelling observance and conformity. Hence the necessity for political absolutism— government. Also, the necessity and justification for war for against people who neglect or refuse to observe and conform to a Rule of Right which is Imperative, War becomes not only just ifiable, but a moral necessity! The validity of assumptions concerning origins of ethical concepts and moral ideas need not here be inquired into only the validity of the ideas themselves. The test of goodness or badness of anything consists in examining and weighing its fruit that which is good bears good fruit. Because of in fluences born of militancy trade and commerce have become spoliative in tendency. That which is called "business" con sists in so organizing and conducting its activities that some thing*for nothing may be obtained. Business does not consist in exchanging equivalent services in the form of economic quantities, but in getting "all the traffic will bear the more obtained the better the "business"-—the greater the fortune thus gained the more highly esteemed are those who conduct the "business." It is not that trade is reciprocal, but is of the na ture ascribed to it in the theory of the "Mercantile System." In practice the conduct of "business" is along the line expressed by the notion that only one party to an exchange can be bene fited the other must suffer injury. A rule of procedure con sistent only with aggressive activity that is, hostility and war. It is because of influences born of and associated with such no tions that it I everywhere^assumed as an economic truth, that in exchange of economic quantities there should always remain, with one party to the exchange, a surplus value—an agio, which is to be viewed and accepted as legitimate spoil—a spoil the na ture of which is softened and concealed under the euphemism of "PROFIT." ••'." Every service performed should be requited with an equiva lent, but why more? Why should there be any surplus value remaining in the hands of anyone? Is there in ethics or morals any principle whereby "Profit" may be justified? Everyone is entitled to receive equivalent return for services performed that is, to receive whatever may have been earned. Is there anyone who is intelligent and candid who is prepared to say that some are entitled to receive more than is earned, and thereby oblige another, or others, to receive less?. If so, it is incumbent on them to prove validity and justify "Profit," something that no one has yet done.-r'^ '^mm:^-:' The State has adopted and habitually employs methods of taxation which affect industrial activity so that some are en abled to acquire exhorbitant "profits," because many are thereby subjected to unfair discrimination and thus made to carry an un due" share of social burden. To see that taxation, in its effects, rests with disproportionate weight upon those least able to bear it under existing arrangements, neexls no'acute power of dis cernment, or extensive inquiry. "'.".,» f-^'iv .. ".M,..-- *•-. »'., JJ-Q be in '^t^,i4f •YTTTTn W F. H. RETZLAFF PRICE $1050.00 Electrically Lighted and Started The best quality and most up-to date car made. With an ELECTRIC WASHER, such as 5 is shown below, you will cut your wash-day in two. You can do twice 2 the work with one-half the energy. We have just finished hanging' the Metzinger and Bee 2 Hive Electric Stg-os. Any one interested eome i' and see us before buying-. tEverhng Electric Co. I Electric Wiring and Electrical Supplies. A4AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAlAAA4AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAiAAAA roiwwri IS A Jkft -»\1 mmm -a— make in life The dollar mark is the only mark that is recognized in all lands. Money rules the world, YOU can be. one of the rulers if you open a bank account. -2^1 Only the habit of saving secures this i*"^ dollar mark—the mark of the world's most successful men. ., -vi Start your career OP tbe high road to success by opening an account! at this bank. A dollar wH1 do it. Brown County Bank N*w .yit% ':S^M-^M Minnesota. 4 4 •4 I c-\ *l 7 3*2 •m t±£i&.