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I PAGE FOUR.
Ul is in CompattT
H. Payne, Managing Editor.
Cornelius Sittard and Alma Falk,
N "*ws Editors.
Subscription Rates $2.00 Per Year
Entered as Second Class Matter at the Pos»
office at New Ulm. Minnesota
Official paper of City of New Ulm.
Wednesday, April 23, 1919.
In prison. Caged in a steel cell, with
a door of heavy metal bars, cell No. 51,
in the South Wing of the West Virginia
State Penitentiary at Moundsville. This
is where the best loved man of America
today is spending his days.
This thing happened on the night of
Palm Sunday, with Easter only one week
distant and as an admirer of Debs
said on his departure from Terre Haute,
Indiana, his home, last Saturday, "We
are ready for another crucifixion.
"It will never happen. They will
never do it. They won't put Debs in
This is what the millions over the
land have said for these many months
since his indictment, and even since his
conviction and sentence. But tonight
we said "Good Night" to him thru the
bais that constitute the door of his
dark hole in this human hive they call
tiers of cells
Debs tonight took his place—a con
vict—among a thousand other convicts,
criminals of all grades, and shades and
brands, and the words that he uttered
in the court room at Cleveland, Ohio,
during his trial, came back to us, we who
were with him.
"As long as there is a criminal class,
I am of it. As long as there is a slave
class, I am in it. As long as there is a
soul in prison, I am not free."
Only a few moments before, as they
first took him away from us, and con
ducted him thru the turn-table cage door,
the latest prison ingenuity to bar the
"inside" from the "outside". Arthur
Baur, Gene's brother-in-law, a brother
of Mrs. Debs, who had come with Gene
all the way from Terre Haute, uttered
the anguish of an outraged working-class
when he exclaimed:
"My God, how can they do it, why do
they do it."
Yet Debs' last message to the workers
of the nation, perhaps best answered
why they did it. This message was:
"Tell my comrades that I entered the
prison doors a flaming revolutionist,
my heart erect, my spirit untamed and
my soul unconquerable."
It was on the trip here, at East Liver
pool, Ohio, that he remarked that today
was April 13th, the anniversary of the
Battle of Lexington, the beginning of
the American Revolutionary War in
1776, that it is also the anniversary of
the Ludlow massacre during the great
Colorado coal strike.
For a half century the world has
known of Gene Debs of Terre Haute,
Ind. Now, if this world would reach
him thru the mails, it must address him:
818 Jefferson Ave.,
Moundsville, W. Va.
which is the address of the penitentiary
of this state.
There are no high walls around this
prison. But guards sit in turrets at
intervals with loaded rifles in their
hands ready to frustrate with a deadly
bullet any attempt on the part of an
inmate to win the open. The grass
grows fresh and green and free upon the
wide lawn, but the heavy gratings are
upon every window.
"Don't think that I hold anything
against you for your part in bringing
me here," Debs was exclaiming to the
United State Marshall as he ascended
the steps and entered this place to
which a federal judge has sentenced
"Our Gene" to spend the next ten years
of his life because he made a speech at
Canton, Ohio, in June 1918, and so Debs
spent his last few moments in "the out
side" forgiving everybody, with "malice
toward none," as Abraham Lincoln put it.
"Mr. Debs, come with me," said
Warden Terrell, and in another moment
the threshold that leads from liberty
to the tombs of living,men had been
"You're quite a tall man, Mr. Debs"
said the warden as the electrically man
ipulated turntable cage door moved
noiselessly, transferring its opening from
the "outside world" to this "inside
"Yes, sixfeet", answered Debs, pleasant
ly, and that was all we heard as they
passed on. We went back into the
warden's office and waited. Soon the
warden returned and we began asking
questions about Debs, and the treat
ment he would receive.
"He will be allowed to write all the
letters he pleases," said Warden Terrell
"subject of course to the prison censor
ship," He may receive visitors twice a
month, but the understanding seemed
to be that visitors coming from gome there is world-wide admiration
distance would be allowed to see Debs
at almost any time.
The Warden wrinkled his brow just
a little when it was asked if there would
be any restrictions on papers, maga
zines and books sent to Debs. "No,"
he said, "not if they are for Debs alone.
But he must not pass them out among
the other prisoners, some of whom are
ignorant, you know, and it might have
a bad effect on them." While Debs'
activities as a propagandist and agitator
may thus be somewhat curtailed, the
warden assured us that all letters, no
matter how great the number, would
be turned over to Debs immediately
upon their receipt.
"I am just going to use common sense
in my treatment of Debs," said the war
den, for which announcement Baur and
the rest of us thanked him. We readily
accepted the warden's invitation to visit
Debs and bid the spokesman of American
Socialism "Good Night" in his prison.
One of the jailers led us up an iron stair
case and 'along the corridor of a second
tier of lairs for humans. Thru the bars
of his cage door we asked him again
if there was anything we could do for
"No, nothing more," he replied. "I
am going to have a good night's rest
My only hope is that everyone tonight
could have as good a couch as mine.
Don't worry about me, comrades, I
am all right. Everything is fine", and
with that he stretched out both .his
hands to each of us in turn, said "Well,
good night" again. Then we returned
to the warden's office where we sat down
and asked more questions. Both the
warden and the prison physician in
sisted that the "Flu" epidemic that has
been raging in the prison, resulting in
several deaths, is now a thing of the past
They stated that the wing in which
Debs' cell is located had been thoroughly
fumigated and that they had the "Flu
bug whipped out.'"
Debs is bald-headed, just like the
warden, so he will not have his hair
cut. Upon entering the prison, Debs
was not subjected to the usual shower
bath and the usual change of clothing
because the warden said he felt that Debs
didn't need it. Altho the warden praised
the prison fare in high terms, he said
prisoners might send out for any delica
cies wanted, or that they might be sent
to him. He said prisoners spend about
$1000 monthly in such purchases.
He said Debs would not be asked to
do any prison labor, because of his ad
vanced age. Debs is 64 years old. The
color of the prison uniform has been a
cadet gray. Striped suits are not used
except for escaped prisoners, who have
been caught and brought back. We
were shown the "solitary" cells, but it
was claimed these were not used except in
rare instances, while the "shackles"
were brought into use in only very ex
treme cases, it was claimed.
There are about a thousand words in
a column of a newspaper. If you don't
believe it, count 'em. When you have
counted them, wiite a column on dif
ferent subjects until two or three columns
are written. Then chase a news item
all over town for a missing part, and
find out there is nothing to it. Write
twenty-five columns-more and you have
material for an average issue of the
Review. Now write this all over again
to simulate typesetting, and you have
an idea of each week's minor work in
getting out a newspaper. Read it twice
to catch all of the worst errors tho- you
know perfectly well that a newspaper
was never yet printed that was free from
mistakes. Do this every week in the
year and see if you would not look upon
the person who rang you? telephone
and gave you a news item as a public
benefactor and a sure candidate for
heaven. We want the news and you
can certainly appreciate our eagerness
to have you aid a bit in securing more
of it. Send, or tell us your items we
appreciate them. Want ads will also
receive the same courtesy. The Re
view editorial telephone number is
401. The advertising department is
101. Both easy to remember.
A VERY INTERESTING
"Dublin, April 17.—The city of
Limerick is virtually in a state of siege
following establishment of martial law
in that district. British troops wth full
equipment are in possession of* the
streets. Barbed wire entanglements,
machine guns and armored cars are
being used. The city is cut off from all
intercourse with the surrounding dis
tricts and fear is expressed of a food
shortage."—What was it that Mr. Wil
son said about the great principle of free
dom for each nation, for which we, the
United States, entered this war and made
untold sacrifices? Among many other
very nice things, Mr. Wilson said that
no military power of any nation or any
group of nations should have the right
"to decide the destinies of other people
which they had no other right to rule
than by the right of force."
Three hundred and three years ago
to-day the great English poet Shakes
peare died. Shakespeare is one of those
personalities and one of those great
characters in the world who have broken
down all international barriers. He, like
Goethe, Dar$e arid Homer belongs to
that illustrious circle of men, for whom
The steel trust is cutting prices now:
it was melons not so long ago.
If war-time Prohibition becomes ef
fective on July 1 next, the American
people will be face to face with the de
lightful and cheerful prospect of its
rigid enforcement, which, as contained
in the official announcement of the In
ternal Revenue Bureau at Washington
contemplates a force of 800 inspectors
and 2,283 agents who are authorized
and required to infest every county in
the United States and spy upon each and
everyone of its inhabitants for possible
infractions or evasions of the law. It
being almost universally conceded (even
by friends and supporters of the measure)
that this drastic, unnecessary, illogical
and un-American statute has neither
popular sanction nor justification in
law or morals, its widespread violation
and unobservance are inevitable. This
means, possibly on the flimsiest of
pretexts or wholly unwarranted suspi
cion, that thousands of reputable and
law-abiding citizens entirely innocent
of any wrong doing, but who bitterly
resent and resist such an outrageous
invasion of their constitutional rights
and privileges in bold and open defiance
of the Fourth Amendment, known as
the "Bill of Rights" may be dragged from
their homes and thrown into jail merely
because of the assertion and the
defense of constitutional guaran
tees actually vital to the very
existence and permanence of the repub
It is therefore the plain and impera
tive duty of Congress, when it convenes
in special session to repeal this detest
able and objectionable law, or failing
to do so before July 1, it then behooves
the President to avail himself of the
wide discretionary powers which the
law confers upon him by issuing a pro
clamation rescinding the act (which he
unwisely and mysteriously signed) before
the date set for its enforcement.
An organization for returned soldiers,
sailors and marines has been formed
which organization insists that at least
60 per cent of the men at the first meeting
must be privates. John Allen of Missis
sippi made the startling announcement
at one time that he was the only surviving
private of the Confederate Army and
his fellow-citizens elected him to Con
gress on that score.
Lady Duff-Gordon, noted fashion
designer commercially known as Lucile,
Ltd., was in court in New York City
the other day on supplementary proceed
ings to determine why a judgment ren
dered against her should not be paid.
She admitted having bought no Liberty
Bonds, altho her income is at least
$500 a week, and in her examination
made the following remark "This country
is nothing to me. This is an awful
country." The chances for along article
on this remark by a woman who takes
$2,000 a month out of the country are
inviting but the words speak for them
selves and it needs no editorial writer
to expound the proposition.
As long as the Government is com
mitted to the policy of making good all
deficits it is an easy matter to grant
further increases in wages. But when
the private control comes again there
must be a day of reckoning and how
can the costs of operation be paid except
by again hoisting freight and passenger
rates? The Railroad Administration is
doing its best to keep the cost of living
ever rising, never to fall.
The N. Y. Consumers' League re
cently made an investigation of women's
wages and living costs in New York and
Brooklyn. Over and over again the
investigators were told of the difficulty
of existing on an adequate wage, increas
ed almost to impossibility by compul
sory subscription to government bonds.
Several flagrant instances of this kind
are told in an article by Mrs. Emma
Winslow in the "Survey". As a result
of the information secured in this inves
tigation and others, the governing
board of the N. Y. City Consumers'
League adopted a formal resolution ex
pressing its belief that "no pressure to
buy bonds should be brought on families
or individuals receiving less than a liv
How in the name of goodness can we
hope to make the world safe for the
people that's in it with Henry Ford
threatening to build an automobile that
retails for $250.
In Italy the censorship of the press
seems more relentless now than in war
time. The Cfoilta Cattolica of March
comes to us with an entire article of
seven pages completely excised by the
government censor. Long live liberty
The private soldier maintains his
traditional good humor even during
the troubles of demobilization. At
King's Cross station London, the other
night a traveler heard a packladden
warrior cheerily call out to his chum,
"Well, so long Bill, see you at the next
Give up nothing so long you can help
giving it up.
Do not deny yourself until self insists
on being denied.
Let the flood of rebellion against self
ishness gather above the dam till it
sweeps all before it.
Gorge yourself with quails until you
When at last luxury and privilege and
authority fill you wth disgust,
Then seek out the poor, because you
cannot do otherwise
Become satisfied with your simple
manhood, because you have learned
that it is the sum of all possessions.
—Ernest Crosby in "Plain Talk.'"
One of the greatest surprises of the
Paris conference is the alleged decision
of President Wilson to bind the United
States to an alliance with France and
Great Britain. Such a step would not
only mean the abandonment of the
League of Nations' idea but would also
be^fche end of our age-long policy not to
enter any entangling alliance with
European countries and immensely
sely our standpoint in regard to the
Cable dispatches from Moscow through
State Department channels indicate
that the Soviet Commissariat has formed
a special committee on international
language. The committee will investi
gate the problem of an international
language, try to construct one, and then
consider the possibilities of giving the
necessary school instruction in it.—The
Soviet government does not seem to be
aware that the world already has an
international language, Esperanto. If
they construct a new one their work al
though highly meritorius in itself will be
in vain: The grave for this new child
will have been dug before it was born!
"I think our Government should see
to it that there are no illiterates in this
country." This statement comes from
the lips of Senator McKellar of Tennes
see.—To us it seems that this advice
is about 25 to 50 years behind times.
Today the statement ought to read:
"Our Government has seen to it that
there are no illiterates in this country,"
but it doesn't read that way and per
haps "better late than never."
Formerly it was German propaganda,
now it is Bolshevik propaganda. The
cry for freedom of the Koreans, the
mutiny of American soldiers at Arch
angel, the disorders at Cairo and other
Egyptian cities—these and many other
things are laid at the door of the Bol
TRACTION ENGINEERS' AND
A course for traction engineers and
a course for threshermen will be offered
at University Farm in May and June.
The traction engineer's school will be
gin May 19 and close June 14, and the
threshermen's school will begin June
16 and close June 21. Persons interested
should address L. B. Bassett, University
Farm, St. Paul.
The French class of the Springfield
High School, the Ladies Aid Society of
the M. E. Church of that city and several
private parties have adopted French
orphans. The money for the support of
these orphans is sent overseas. It does
not require a very large amount of money
and still is doing a great deal for the
unfortunate children who were left with
out parents as a result of the war.
Enrico Caruso the world's famous
tenor will appear in a concert at the St.
Paul Auditorium, on the evening of
May 8. This will be Caruso's only
appearance west of Chicago.
V. E. Patnaude of St. Paul was ap
pointed chief state boiler inspector last
Wednesday by Gov. Burnquist. Mr.
Patnaude had previously been state
boiler inspector in Ramsey county. Fred
Prahl, of Mulligan township and well
known by many in New Ulm and vicinity
has been appointed as boiler inspector
in Brown and Redwood counties. His
term will continue until Jan. 1, 1921.
A $25,000 fund has been authorized
by the railroad administration for the
advertising of National parks and sum
mer resorts in the North West. This
fund is a part of the $1,000,000 made
available for* the promotive advertising
designed to stimulate travel. In the
Northwest the Minnesota and Wiscon
sin summer resorts, Glacier and Yellow
stone park and the Pacific Northwest
are amorg the principal items to be
An appeal to farmers to assist in every
way possible in the loan campaign which
starts April 28 and to buy Victory Liberty
Notes, has been issued by the heads of
the sixty-six leading agricultural asso
The government has accepted pro
posals of the S. Hage Lumber Co., of
Madelia, for the erection of a new post
office building in that town. Plans are
now being prepared and the building will
be completed this season.
Arthur Paulson, of Albin township
recently wrote to his relatives and he
states that on March 12 he received Ms
first letter since he is in France. He had
no mail of any kind until that time and
says he knows what "Watchful wait
ing" means. He has been busy at the
front most of the time and has had only
a few days of rest.
After twenty months within the lines
in Uncle Sam's uniform, Corporal Lud
wig of Wanda is home again visiting
relatives and friends.
J. P. Sousa.
Anita Stewart in "VIRTUOUS WIVES"
This is your last chance to see this wonderful production.
Thursday, April 24th
"Speedy Made" with Louis Bennison
A mile a minute story of the man they couldn't lick.
"Ford Weekly" Educational.
Friday, April 25th
Vivian Martin in "Never Saw Such a Girl"
Lyons & Moran Comedy, "Maid Wanted"
Saturday, April 29th
J. Warran Kerrigan in "Burglar For a Night"
When Kirk Marden broke into the safe he only intended to steal a few papers
—but before the job was finished he stole the heart of a beautiful girl as well.
Horold Lloyd Comedy "HUSTLING FOR HEALTH"
Sunday, April 27th
Billie Burke Good Gracious, Annabelle!"
You would never have thot she was married. In fact she didn't know it her
self untill—! But finding out is the most thrilling thing you ever saw.
See for yourself.
Mack Sennett Comedy "Cupids Day Off"
Monday, April 28th.
"The Divorce" with Ethel Barrimore
You will see her at her very best in this picture,
"THE IRON TEST"
Tuesday, April 28th.
"Cannibals of the South Seas"
"On Her Account",
The time to prepare for ad
versity is NOW—not tomorrow
nor the next day.
Accumulating a bank account
is the best safeguard against to*
Brow Count Bank
New Ulm, Minnesota
GONGERT AND DANCE
LADIES CURRENT NEWS & LADIES LITERARY CLUB
Presenting An Original Musical Comedy
"OLD SONGS SERVED IN NEW STYLE"
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 30
NEW ULM ARMORY
2. March "Florentiner March", Julius* Fucik arr. by M. L.
3. Overture "Mazeppa" by Franz Mahl.
4. Waltz "Fame and Fortune", Cornet DuoN.
George Gag and Albert Gag.
5. Paraphrase "Melody in F", A. Rubinstein, arr. by. M. C.
6. "Wedding March", Dedicated to the American People
7. Musical Scenes from Switzerland
First movement-Andantino-Approach of Evening in
the Alps. Mountain Maidens returning Home from
Court Reporter W. T. Eckstein is
in Redwood Falls this week in atten
dance at the May term of the Redwood
County District Court.
Alps. The call of the Mountain Beasts can be recog
Second Movement—Alphorn Calling—Dance of Shep
herds, Laendler Grand March, Tempo di Tirolienne
(Jodler) Folk Dance. Finale."
°®,ce •, George Bromley
^Oancmg Girl ^.. ,k.r% Cecelia Zischka
$ 2 & Concert from 8:15 M. to9:45P.M, JfefMff
Wfffi *v# Dance from 10 P.M. to 1A.M.
Admission to concert and dance per person 50c and 5c War Tax
Admission to dance after concert $1.00 per couple. Ladies 25c*
8. March "I shall meet you" Intro. "&>d be with our bovs
to-night" by W. Sanderson, arr. by Tom Clark.
Part Twn *2, *-,. V'~ t:
"Old Songs Served in New S W & \l
Original and full of fun from start to finish. I 5 14V"*,
Cast of Charactersl^^^^V^'