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eresi. n -il J.I Ji. ,.L l .. 1-JI'J CALEDUiNlAiN-RECOKi), THURSDAY, AUGUST 17, 1922 TRIB UT E CRAFTSBUR Y V V a R W .7 V?. IkJ ITI ri Fi M d va i ) 1 1 r? - tir Ex-Gov. Horace F. Graham Presides; Mfcses Cowles apd Anderson Unveil Memorial (Contiuued troni Page 1) was the. first settlement in Orleans county and Craftsbury was the first shirc town qf the county. They brought with them, anioni; other things, the idea of a "com mon" and'before the town was or gunized the people had provided for a common or village green. Around it weie built the church, the school and the country store. Around it for Ihe first 100 years e'' the town vìvolved ihq activities of the town. Here were bel 1 the June training -and other town tvents. "Your comniittee selected vo ar range for v. memorial felt that the common was tiie proper place, and it is my ploadng duty as chaii man of the commi ttee to pivsent this to the town in behalf of ali the people. In the patite ring- of the names ol the soldiers it was very . easy to get the Spatiish Svar vel erans and the soldiers of the World wui-,' bui a very ditficult niattor to get ali the naif.es of the Civil war veterans. It' any i'iiihi.ì aie omitted oleate remeinber it is ari error of 1 ho head and not the heart. "This tablet oommemorates not omy mose wno were cane, io me coiors, out me m m rj ot "-j have spoken jnstantly bearne ap rifices of those that stayed at t Those nationK which for nenie, mule in me nono uni" many volunteered there were many others who were not called but were placed in the deterrei! classes. Those boys were as wili ing and ready l'or service as those that enlisted and Vltent to the front. "They also serve who only stand and wait." . , ; ' "This beautiful memorial will ahvays perpe'.i ite the meiuory of the Craftsbury soldiers tliat re sponded to th"ir countiy't; ca'l. Ihey displaye 1 tiue patriotism and self-saciifice that wc might be free and ii'lependent, and that peace in the end might prevali." In accepting the memorial on behalf of the town, John A. Dut ton for the seleetmen said that for a long time this town had been an tlcipating the erection of ' a suit able memorial for its soldiers, and that with gre:it )leasure, pride and satisfactien he accepted the tablet or. behalf of the town of Crafts bury. :' Following another selection of the band Gov. Graham presented Uie speaker of the day, Col. Joseph Fairbanks, of St. Johnsbury and Washington, referring to him as n .'on of that distinguished family that had fumihed two governors Ho the state, one a war governor ìir.d the other a governor in time f peace. Col. Fairbanks' schol-lu-ly address was closely listened Ito and greatlv enjoyed. The ad jiress here follow in full: J Since vour committee paid . me jtho honor of a.king that I speak 4o you this afteinoon, my thought as heen revolvinir around the iuestion "What has the soldier Viieant to the town of Craftsbury?" !f that inouirv were to be ad- ilres.-ed to this audience a gieat j A-anety ot responses wouio oe government. io De a citizen ni felicited. The thoughts of some i such a state was esteemed an hon would turn at once to that sturdy ! or in itself and on everv citizen Tounder of the town, Col. Ebenezcr ( irafts. who with others carne fresh Jrom the tnals and tnumphs ot the tjevolutionarv War to the.scarcely jiss difficult life of a nioneer in the northern wilderness. Others would .niention the 28 men who went from jaftsbury between 1861 and 1865 -nd rendered valiant service in ìhe great issue of that day. The irief flame of the Spanish War !-ould not be forgotten and of ours; tho.-e who sei"ved in the re rent world conllict are here to re 'fiii nd us of their saciificcs, ali save ihose few to whose memory we pay Special homage today. t't Tt is easy and pleasant to recali fthis splendid succession of men Ìvho have responded at every cali pi their countrv, but it is more dif--4Ticult to appraise at it- uro per val tie the significance of this consist S'iit military record, nspiring as the tale has been, it rs matched by tliat f other towns in this land of ours iflnd yet again by the story of other ,ihousands of communities in ali parts of the world. The soldier has 'been a potent and conspicuous fig lile in evay land and in every age. And by the terni soldier I mean not .the commanding general but the 'òrdinary enlisted man, the private m non coni and the iunior offi rer on whom the burden of war 4-hiefly fails and without whom the freatet military leader is help less. The sohiier has not however ahvays been the sume sort of indi viduai. He has not ahvays tvpified 4.he sanie oualities noivJeft the Fame imprint on his duv and gener ation. In other words he has not 'ftlwuys been the sanie kind of sold ier .which your beloved Ci-aftsbuiy has produced, You are-.'ustly pi-oud of th soldiers voar town hasfurn i.shed, but if you would have your nide deepened and strengthened, let me recali to your mimls that onlv the finost periods of thejjrnother rnined contro, of the vorld's history have supplied a I armv and led his troops into Rome soldien on whom the endurin;; 1 to solidifv his own power. Mariuf eratitude of a nation might rr;st. j fouht Sulla and Caesar struled This coincidenre is by no mears-the i wih Pompey. Under this regime -esuit ot chance. In the words ot , Lincoln "our fathers brought forth on this continone a neA' nation. conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that al men are created eoual" and he referred to 1 the "great civil war testing wheth- things, but tyrannical and corrunt r that nation or anv nation so j With the passing of the Renublic conceived and ì-j dedicated can I the -citizen soldier of ome he whose Ione- endure." fortitude and honor form the Ali our major wars have been ftheme of many a story became the waged in defence rff the democraev hired legionary wholly dependent di.'"ribed bv Lincoln and our told- onthe fortunes of the miiitarv lead iers have spiting from the heart of ers with whom he had cast his lot. a demografie people. That, my ! The gloomy histon' of the mid frjends. is the reason why you have die aget; pesents far too complica produced from Craftsbury soldiers ted a picture for brief comment, in whom you take a just pride.. They have been soldiers of de mocracy. The word detwocracy has come to have a doublé meaning and it may not. be out of place to repeat a story which wa prevalent during the war. A visitor at a Western training camp found nu merous Indians a-iong the troops. Engaging one of these braves ip cqnversation, he asked him how he liked military life, and tha Indiati replied "Ugti, too much sulute, not enough shoot.'" And then the visi tor inquired, if he knew what the war was about and what he was fighting for. The brave grunted again and said "Yen. me know, mq tight make whole worhl safe for democratic party." The character cf soldiery de pends upon the soundness of the national institutions it is called jupon to defend. Let those institu tions decay, and the quaiity ol tue national armies deteriorates steo for step. Shortiy after the war I had the opportunity . to make a somewhat careful study of the manner in which armies have been raised, Uacing down through the centuries the various methods and policies employed to reciti it anned forces Xht. parallel of which I tll. tim. lì,. .. lu..,.,! ,iti, ,, goveTnment 'conducted in the in terest of the people themselvcs ìn variably ph'.ced in the field citizen armies, compoed or the freemen of the land on each of whom rest ed the obligation of military ser vice. These w,ere the armies whoe achievements are cheri.-Jied in the annals of their several countries. They are in short the sort of arm ies to which the town of Crafts bury has contributed typical conti gents. And in passing let us note that these recruits are the more typical because this is an agricul tùial community and from the (lawn of history to the present day the majority of soldiers have been drawn from the dwellers on the farms. Over against these citizens arm ies recruited bv nations possessing the éssential elements of democi-a-cy, we find that autocrac" has nev er supplied the sort of army around which the glorious tradi tions of a nation arise. FJmperors and military leaders by force of genius and discipline have of course achieved great victories and made their own names renowned. But if we look to the personel of the forces under their command we will find that as a government slowly departs from its earlier. purer and more democratic form, so its arm ies gradually lose their representa tive character and come to be com posed either of professional mei"; cenane or of mases of troops for ced to se.rve under an iron disci pline administered by individuala in their own behalf. In the days of early Greece, there existed several small states each known as a city witn a simpie and genuine forni of republican rested the obligation of military cervice. Those were citizens armies of the purest type which resi-ted the invading hostri at Marr.thon and Themiopylae and overthrovv them at Salami.-- and Platea. Those were citizen soldiers who .created for ali posterity the inspirine trad itions of Greece. Later con-uption crept into the pity states, desnots arose politicai decay ensued and when Athens was threatened with extreme neril, we find Ilemos thenes eloquently lamenting thft lack of that fine patriotism which brought everv citizen to arms in defense of his native state. Pres ently Alexander ronqtipred the en tire Eastern word, and when his empire dissolved at his death, his p-enerals divided the r?alni among themselves, each with his own army of professional soldiers. Sim the selfgoverning citv state carne the change from citizen armies levied in defense of their own fire side to the mercenary tyne of pro fessional soldier, owning allegience to the despot of his choice. The same process went on even more consnicuoiisly in some. Under the republic miiitarv sei-vice was rendered as a privilere by every able bodied Roman. The arrmse which ronquered the Italian "onin sular and brought to victory the long contest with Carthage were composed of the sanie men who njgt at the Fo"um and chose their oSwi leaders, their judges and their legislator, as self-governinr men have ever been wont to do. But the continuous succession of wars kepi troops in service so lontr that manv carne to regard soldiering as their proper career and became unfit for other dut'Vs. At the same time noreasing welth, expnnding con ouest and the huge slave nopula- tion were coiTunting the uepuh- lic. One ambitious leader after soldiering bearne 4 traf'e and arm- ies ceased to be identified with the defense of the state. The-nrofes-sional soldier had wrecked the Ro man Republic. Then emerged the Emnire. trlorious in ali material except to note that during those centuries the cause of freedom and self government lay dormant. Con sequently the type of citizen sold ier which we know siniply did not exist. Countless rulei-s rose and fell, leading- their half enslaveJ subjects to battle for conquest ot to perpetuate a dynasty. It was the heydey of the professional warrior. Fighters singly or in companies, carne to be traded around Europe from soveieign to sovereign very much as baseball plavers are ex- changed between clubs .today. The culmination carne when the Thir- ty Years War laid half cf Europe in ashes, and the soldier became an object of terror and disrepute. In.Engìand however the sceds of civil liberty sprang into early flow er and there we find the first re vival of anything like the citizen army, Englishmen point with pride to certain periods of their history when great stride were made in the cause of human freedom. These were the times when yeonien the ranks. Thus it. was the sturdv long-bowmen with Magna Charta to fight for who in the days of Edward 1 and Henry 5 defeated the chivalry of 'autocratic Frapce. When Spain threatened cìvìIìzji tion with the terrors of the intji.ii. i tion and sent her immense fleet against protestant, England, there was another outsiouring of men to serve on shin and 011 .sii ore a gen uine responsi! of the people to an a cute military situation. On the other band the army of the despol-1 ic Henry 8 relied largely on sold iers of fortune hired from ali over Europe -and we -re ali familiari with the fact that the troops senti by England to suudue her rebell- j ious American colonies included ; large contigents" of Ilessians and other hii'elings whom King (Jeorgel found it neces.-ary to employ beri cause the people of England were; not united in iiis sapp'ort. i But a new eia for the cause of! popular goveinnint was at band' in Europe as well as in Europei In 178!) the F rendi Revolution broke like a mutuici- storni at tlie' dose of a sultry day. At the very! start a true army of tlie people was called into being. The obli gation of every Frenchmati of ine rigius 01 man was proctaimed. At the sanie time the Royal family eoweiing in theii place at Vtr.-a-illes were dcffnded not by French men but by a hired body of Swi.-s guards. The armies of the revolu tion unprecidentea" in size and fir ed by the new wine of liberty ;wept to victory after victory over the opposing forces of autocratic Austria. Prussia and Snain. A government of the peonie had once more created a people's army. But the Freneh Republic in her new found gloi-y was not strong enough to resirt the familiar succe-sion of eventi. Within a few years we find Napoleon become military dic tator and enipeior, using the army as o tool for his ambi'ions. l'res enly the democratic ho.-t.-- of the Revolutions have changed to pn fessional forces supported by drafts from a reluctant population. t he result was the dwnfall of 1 Napoleon. j Those stormy vears left Europe sadd'ed with the habit of mainlain-1 ing large standing armies. To , bolster up a waning cause the mori-1 archies of Europe then attempted . to adopt the niethod-- of democ- ì racy. Conscript armies based on 1 pniversal service became the mie. The reactionary leaders of Euio- ! pe, such as Uismark. rought to create an army of the people to sene as the shield ar- buckler of monarchy. They took the form without the substance: the we;ip-! ons of democracy without its vit.tJ j sjiirit. Everyone knows how near to success their attempt ' carne. German autocracy convinced of the j effectiveness of .-uch mea' ures chailenged the democratic spirit of j the world and maintained the i struggle till the army itself turn- ed against its leaders. : I hope I have not wearied you j by this rapid survey of history. I I ventured upon it in oider that we ! might the more correctly appraise I the true worth of the soldiers of i Craftsbury whose names aie in- j scribed on this tablet. "He is Un ite ! amico! who hath hi.-; euanel ju-t.'ì Conspicuously is this true of the I men whom Craftsbury has contri- buted to the confiicts of our coun-ti-y. They have been soldiers of ! the people, not mercenaries hired ! to sustain the ambitioii-s of a mil it- i i : rr i 1 , , ary cniei. 1 ney are orotheis ;n arms of the Greeks --ho stood at Thermopylae and the Romans who marched with Cincinnata, The boys of 'CI going forth to over-powe-r seces.-ion and slavei y cari ied with them the same enthusiasm 4nd confidence in the right which .fired the men of old England sail ing in their fruii ships to turn back the Spanish Armama and sustain Flnglish freedom against religious intolerance. The men vho, onlv fi ve years ago left their home deter mined that Pi us.-iani. m should not dominate the world, marched spir ituali shoulder to shoubler with the citizen soldiers of the Freneh Revolution as they cleared the long obstructed highway for the advance of liberty. Therefore. I say. let us honor these men of Craftsbury living and dead who have formed a part of that irreat brotherhnod in arms fighting through Jhe centuries for human freedom. Without those armies of the people we should not be living today under a republi can form of government. 'e should not have our ner-onul and civil liberty guaranteed by our con stitution, state and national. With out the sacrifices nf t'-2.se sold ers of democracy, Craftsbury, if it ex isted at ali. would he a verv differ ent place. The town meeting, the public school. the churches free from stale control, these funda mentals of our community life, are the true and enduring spoils of the w'ars waged for liberty. Reverting once njore to the words of Lincoln as he, stood on the field of Gettysburg, "It is fot us. thp livine-. rather to be de- .i .. A . i . .l. i: 1 i I uicatea io ine uiuniiMieu vuin which they who fought here bave thus -far so noblv atlvanued" Il is, as citizens- of Vermont, whether or not we have had the opportun ity for military service. to consider ourselves stili engaged in the cam paign for civil and economie liberty That is the sort of preparedness of which we cannot have too much. Some men would, rehearse to you the perils threatening that nation which does not keep its young men drilled and its J-mameiit in order. Undoubtedly this country has fuffered more than oncg from the neglect of such matters. But I am not here to urge the finishing touches on preparedness. but to press home the vital necetsity of keeping the foundations of our pre pa.redness sound and undefiled. As long as the government of this thi7 state, and of this nu- tion continues to be run on the j principles of its founders. so long there w:ll continue to anse, wnen the emergency comes. citizen arm ies of the type we know and es teem: so long wPl this town oe Craftsbury and a thousand other Craftsburv's, large nnd small, -pio-duce the type of : old'er whom we deliVht to honor todav. Whili) we are praisinjT his ach- THE TABLET Erccted by the People of Craftsbury CIVIL Alien, Frank R. Alien, George R. Alien, Joseph W. Avery, Alfred C. V. Bagley, George W. Bagley, Henry J. Bagley, fiollis A. Bagley, John Jr. Bagley, Moses O. Bagley, Richard I). Bailey, Iliram Baldwin, Alger J. Bastili, Villiam C. Bickfo-d, Samuel Bixby, Charles II. ; Boutwell,- Robert T. fBoutwell, Rodney M. Boutwell, Thomas N. -'Bcutwoil, William C. I Brewsier, Ephraim H. Bridge-, Alfred Bridge?, John C. Brown, Elijah S. Brown, Stillinan A. Bullard, Martin L. Bundy, I.oren S. Burnell, Franklin .1. Burnham, James E. Calderwood, Thos. M. L Cass, Albert "Cass, Harlan P. Cass, Lewis T. Chamberlin, William C. Chase, Samuel W. Coon, Alanson E. Coon, William II. Cowles, Albert E. :: Cowles, Léonard Cowles, Russell W. Ciane, Franklin A. Daniels, Albert N. l'avi;, Ira Duvison, Solomon 1 rew, George H. - ì urkce, Joseph C. Dustin, Daniel Jr. Farnham, Barachias Farwe',1, Jacob Farwell, Reuben S. Fleniming, Jchn Flemming, Thomas Gage, Elihu.H. Gardner, James K. Gardner, Levi C. Garvin, Alphonso R. " Garvin, Charles " Garvin, Orlando W. Garvin, Samuel S. "Gilè, Albert Goodwill, Royal B. Graves-, Thaddeus O. Gieaves, .Tanies Greaves, Robert Mlemenway, George W. Hodgden, Potter C. Hoyt, A sa Hoyt, Charles C. Hoyt, Joseph W. S. Hoyt, Timothy S. Ilunt, Willard Ives, John R. Kaiser, William P. Langdon, Robert IL I.unt, A'ocrt C. Macomber, William A. SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR Clark, Herbert IL Rami, Cenge S. Dill, Ernest L. Scott, Walter R. Hoyt, Robert D. Uuall, Dennie IL WORLD WAR Anderson, James M. Anderson, Roy M. Arbuckle, Ray C. Baker, Paul Baker, William W. Bibby, Edward N. Button, Leon W. Chudiill, Ira L. Cole, Cecil C. fDaniels, Alva S. Derosiers, Aexander Emery, Merton D. Emery, Raymond IL Fari-, George W. i-Farr, Robert H. Gage, Harris E. Gage, Wenrlell P. Gilbert, Trwin H. Gilbert, Fay D. "Gilbert, Ray C. Harriman, Paul L. Hitchcock Arthur F. ievement on the field of battle and his endurance in the long days leading up to the crisis, let us also be proud and thankful that the soldier of Craftsbury in this last as in ali previous wars, has been just what you know him to be, just the average boy from the form or village reared in the traditions of the common school the town meet ing and the village church, hur ried away for a time on the strongo errand of 'war, as and retuining- to resumé hir, familiar tr-ks ond am bitions. I do not mean to idealize too much, but I believe that you will find redoubled satjfaction. in the military record, of your town from the knowledge that your sol diers hove come back to be just what they were before, good citi zens of a good town. Some few have suffered lasting handicaps, some are greatly strengthened in body and mind, but ali save those few who laid down their lives are here tolay citizens and not as sol diers. We may well he thankful that this town, as.well as our com mon country has escwaed the sha dow of militarism. It- is indeed fortunate that our fovee of pro fesional -oldiers is so small, and sitili so little removed from the people in its thoucht. that it con stitutes no politicai menace what soever. , Shorlly after the armistice, there WAR IMarcy, Edward IL Marcy, Ephraim B. Marcy, Marvin R. Marsh, (ieorge V. Mason, Hiram Mason, llviiiR W. vMason, John I. Mason, Marvin M. Maxfield, John B. Jr. MeEoy, Charles McRoy, Jchn McRoy, William Miles, Eilmunil Miles, Page Miles, Ste))hen Miles, William Mills, Henry C. Moodie, Thomas Moody, Alinoti B. Moody, Alson S. Nelson, Charles Paddock, Augustus Putnam, Hii-am- M. Randall, Aniasa A. Randall, John !.. Raynio, Franklin A. Raymo, Levi H. Reed, Warren N. Robbins, Charles C. " Robbin George Robbins, Jacob J. Robbins, Jaines M. Jr. Robbins, Major S. IRobbin.;, William Robbin;, William II IL Robbins, William P. Sabin, Caleb Sabin, .lesse Sawyer, i'eter Scott, Harvey E. Scott, Thaddeus Sewell, Eowaid ' Silver, A lonzo Skinner, Nathan E. Skinner, Nelson F. Skinner, Washington M, Sluck, Alden S. Smith, Eliab Smith, George W. Sprague, Dexter M. ISprague, Frederick W. Stearns, Henry Stein, James R. Stevens, Coodwin W. Stevens, -Hiram Jr. Stevens, Wellington D. Stevens, Winthrop C. Stiattoii, Samuel Symonds, Edward S. Tallman. Riley S. Tallm ui, William C. Taylor, L'ev. J. C. fTillotsoi, Ormel M. Twiss, George S. Udall, X'-nophen White, Cyrus L. tWhitnjy, Daniel D.. Whitney, Isaac W'hitney, William Williamson, Alexander Woodbii!-y, Asa IL fWoodbuiy, Charles A. Woodbury, H(-nry Wylie, Joseph Howard, George IL Keeler, Ernest A. Keir, Fred C. Kemp, Frederick L. Lathe, Ilollis H. Martin, Burton L. Martin, Harry IL Merrill, Hardy A. Palmer, Harry E. . Pierre, ('larence D. Root, Edmund M. Sanders, Elwood L. Sanders, Robert R. Sitnpson, John W. Stratton, Alfred E. Stratton, Carlton W. Udall, Dennie IL Willey, Stacey W. Wilson, Foster M. Wilson, Leon Died in Stfrvice IKilled in Action Jr. arose an agitation to impose on this country a system of universa! miiitarv ivjiinimi'. with v:irlv n- ; campments for ali young men. The movement never carne near to suc cess and would not have been ben eficiai, it would bave required a far larger number of ofiìcir.-; of the permanent army for training pur joses. The expense would have been enormous and mof.t yital of ali, would not have claimed that solid backing of public opinion without which in a democratic land no scheme of military training can hope to succeed. The aftermath of war has brought us inany- difl'iculties and perplexities of which our minds are full, but lortunateiy we in the United States of America have come through clean of militarism. We have no miiitarv caste witìi policies and traditions diverging from those of the common people. We have no clasc of profesiomil soldiers to become id'ers and the prey of dangerous social propogan da. Four years ago this summer our ai nieu luitc. iuui--u uli iuui i ;li;nn T.lo.r rtn. ,fìmliwvl IIU11IUII IliV-ll, 1 V 4 1 LUIIIi.IIV'i army and navy number onlv a little more than two hundrt-d thousand. Ali the rest hove merged so rapidly and conipletely into civil life that we are in grave danger of foi get ting the magnitudo of that effort. The demobilization w?s accom plishcd even moie ra))idly than af ter the Civil war. The dissolution of a great army is not so pecacu lar as its assembly, but the pro blems invovled are sc-rcely les ; acute and we may congratulate ourselves as American on the suc ces of the operation. It may be that some of vou in the Legion now present ai-e inclin ed to feel that your bei-oism with the A. E. F., or your faithful sei vice in this countrv, has faded too quicklv from the thought and cui-ver.-ation of your community. But is.it not better so than that the spirit of militarism should he, car-i-Ì(m1 over into the days of peace? I trust it will be many years be fore Craftsbury is called upon toi add any names to this tablet, but if the demand for men should come again, will your community remain :uch that it can produce the sanie type of soldier as in the past? That is the real problem of pieparednes.s confronting this town and this na- j tion. Do not niisunder.-tand me.' I i am not asking that you become re-actioni.-ts or standpatters. Under the influenee of sciensifl as applied to transportation, agriculture, and other activities-, social and econom ie changes are becoming ever moie r:rùA and nronounced. Craftsbury cannot and should not stand aloof r 1- .. Knf tlii '-.ni ,vh il 1 but through it 1 rum SUCH )l urno.- 11 vou will make a safer and ' , . ji i. i , i surer anvance n you unoeie w jh-- ine muLiipnc-iiion or mese tcsii-fundmental- ; if you maintain the I monia's of the iaton's appiccia-( character of the town as it has-ftion for the services of its sacri-1 been known for nearly a century and a hajf. If we Americans continue to train our boys and giils to under stand and participate in town and state affairs, if we promote edu ction for ali and encourage true religion, if wé look to the health of the common people and main tain eouality opportunity for each according to his ability, then we ìhall have kept "pure ai'.d unde filed the fountain head of military strength; we shall have pre erved that democratic Aniericanism which has brought us here today in honor of a contingent of American soldiers. and we shall have a .iure d future armies of the same charac ter for the defense of liberty. Gov. Grrha.-n then read the Ut ters from Presidcnt Harding. Gov. James Hartness, Maj. Josiah Grciit of Derby, Gen. John J. Pershing, Ma i. Gen. Edwards, ex Secretary nf War Baker, ex-Sec-rclary of Navy Daniels, and Mrs. Mary E. Boutwell Benedict of Brook'ine. Mass. FROM GOV. HARTNESS Montnelior, Aug. 14, 1022. Denr Gov. Graham : Your request for a messa ge to your townspeople to be vead at the dedieation of a Soldiers' Memori; ! brings a most hearty responso. I only regret that previous .-inpoint-ment niakes it impossible for to debver it in peron. ' Vermont is proud of its war ht roe-s, Vermont is conscious of the great burden of war that has been imposed on the homes of the men who served. Vermont anpre ciates the high spirit of loyaltv ami patriotism that inspired our men ami wonvn to hcroic action. Vermont knows tho anguish of the families at the time each 'm(in of the home i nered the servir". Vermont rememhors the thrills of ndmiration and th stress of rinvi etv at each sta"-o o? the war's df velopment. These impressions have been deenly maiked into ihe heaets of mothors. wives. father.-, bi-otbers and s.sters of eacH Imi for whom this memorial is entod. dodi- j Vermont knows that the hieh cst. interests of the family, the state and nation dopcnds on the pi pservation of these memorie. Vfi-mont knows that a carrless indifTerence lo the great movo ments that threaten civlizution and our government must never be to'eiated. In dedifating th's memori;.! Ift us carry forward tho )iiiit of the words of the immoi't.-'l Lincoln at Gettvsbnri'. ini doilicate oi"' 'ives to the wock if the presevvation of I this country for -hioh thee i hnroes served so nobly and effec- ! lively. JAMES HARTNESS. FROM MRS. BOUTWELL BENEDICT My flear Mr. Graham: I received today the program of the dedieation of the Soldiers' memorial which you so kindly sent me. I cannot express the pleasure it would five me could I be in dear old Vermont ut Craftsbury to the dedieation. Memory carried little chili sitting in ! lap when my father ; Cl-lTÌed two of mv brothers, Roti- ney and Thurstui, , to enlist. Child a;; I was, I will ih ver l'or.-.ret it. Only one live.i to return, Thomas : N., who was in the service vl:en i the other tivo went and Lrot!i'.r William Ciai-k .vent from New Hampshire. I ani ali the one living of che large family. My visits in Crafts bury aro few and far betweea. It would p-i ve me great pleasiwe un ì I hope I can uace more vi:;it it be- fere 1. join the large familv over ih ere. Tlianking you fot- rcir.eml'erinr; me and also for the-' spiri', of the people who have erected .his iiem--orial to the heroei; goni.1, I ani, Sincerely, Mary E. Boutwell Benedici. Broo! line, M iss., Aug. 14, 19:22. la rc.".ding laj. -Grout's !' ticr Gov. Graham said the coni mietei n-.id lounii one vcieran oi tue Mexic;.n war, William Robbin.;. Hi", name is on the iiH'i.iori;1! as i -. enlisted in '.he Ci vii war. When he oiFered hiinself for enìi.'-tiiu ni the eiro!ling (Ificer saio, " K'ou ouglU no to enlist; you are to old", "I d'ine here to tight, my ',nod man, san! Air; Kouhins i.: enlisted and was killed in il re action early in the war. g Kiplitig's Recessit.nal, beautil'u ly rendered by Anna I'arìdock Cole, "The .Su-r Sp,i.:;gli:d Ban ner", by the band and taps sound ed by Fred (.'. Keir and W. I!oy LeBai-on dos:'d a nost inijn-e.-sivi-program. 'The selectni"n of the town aro William Kyan, John A. Dutton and Armour S. BabcO'.k. The commit- tee who had charge were chaiiinaii. M retary, M i s. son, Capt. E ''( v, liole a.iTair in Ho; aro F. Graham, Fred C. Ke'r, ec RegiìU'.lil T. Ander N. Bibbv, Mts. Clur- enee J. Brewster, C Barbara ('. Davisoa, L. Dill, Mary 1. IM Cowles, Ernest I. A. M. Gal M. B. Keek."-, , F. !.. Mrs. tati. Dutton, V. H. lagher, H. Z. Fair, Dora Harriman, Ernest A. F. C. Keir H. Lathe. I Sawyer, M:1 jonnton Mrs. E. A. Keeler, Kemp, Ho'lis M. Root. M. S, Idniur;il s "V .le;; ti ' V'. S. j Wilson, i Simpson, H. Tillot.-on, Mi X. Stevens, . William J. TT P fi M PPTrstTnPK'T T4 A PFlTMr ' THE WHÌTE HOUSE Washington j July 17, 1!!22 i My deai' Govirnor Graham: Thank you for your h tter tell-itrj- me of the approaching cere- , niony at Craftsbury when you a-v ' to dedicate a Isolóier.-. Meir.orial on j r nnington Battle Day. I have' many times said, and feel th:t it. I c,-,n not he too often reneated. vlint . , i , i . . . , . . i ficing sons, is one of tlie most f fcctive means of perpetuatine the same senviments of patriotism which animated them. I ani al- ways ,gratn led to know ot un casion of this kind and to adi! own hearty endorsement of aims and purposcs. oc- my its erv trulv vours, WARREN G.'HAK Ilon. Horace F. Graham, Attornoy-at-Law, -Craftsbury, Vermont. KING. FROM GEN. JOHN J. PERSHING GENERAI. OF THE ARMIES WASHINGTON July 1 1, li22. Honorable Horace F. Graham, Craftsbury, Vermont. My dear Governor Gì. "barn: I am sorry that I cannot. he -in Craftsburv on .the occasion of ihe dedieation of the Soldiei Mem- orial. - it is scaloni that so that sttiall a so nmny count 1-- community has furnisheù men for the sci-vice of t-hi iti successive wars, ami it is parcnt that the traditions of Revolutionary days have ève a powerful nat''iotic influenee the succeeding generat ions of ap- ih" ted fin ihe men of Craftsbury. I think those who made the suDremo sacrifice vouId noi have (Itoseli othei v isi' ! than to have died as heroc-s in die ! cause of humanity. "e c-n bu1. cherish their memory imi striv ! to carry out the ii'eals for which ! they t'ought and died. j Yours verv sincerely. ! JOHN .1. PERSHING. FROM MAJ. -GEN. CLARENCE R. EDWARD IIEAD(jUAi:TEUS FIK: CO lì PS AREA Boston !, M-tss Mr. Horace E. Graham, Attorney-At-Lav.-, Craftsbury, Vvrmont. My dear, Mr. Gia.ham: I am very sorry, but I ni vi at an import rtt engagement the new date ou sjieak abou Camp Devens, Mass. 1 liave often snoken about cito on ih- servi ce of the Vermont nn-n :n th' at iln World War, nnd have said .1 greater their sacrifices the Hai I,... ihev fought. Vermont had a uniquo experi ence in the Yankee Divisimi. Man" of her men were in ihe various ! machine gun hnttnlions, a Inree contingent in the aiiiniiinitioii ! train. several in the Iiiiantry Rei'--j iments and in .the A rt : ! 1 ir- ltogi ! menls. Not alone the olii. 'ers, bui !eery Douph'ioy in the rniil.s I tti-oughout. the division did their ! bost. and ther? was ni;t a non- contbatant unit in the v hole nr- ganizalion that didn't .'-w-ar valor and fio ' nd die service by Ihe die servu-e oi ne 'emontels. Th( ri foi e, I ;..n J..'i ing keen interest in the ne. e oc- Katnz;itions nf the ormoni or. 'he National Gun.rd and Ih" serves. My be-d, v.-i mos to yen -di, Sincerely. C. R. EDWAR in te- READ THE CLASlRfDS pie back to my mother's FROM FORM !R SEC. DANIELS Kaleigh C, .luly :. Morave I : ai i.-lii:rv, ' y d.-,r Mr. Uiioti ray . Gr.iiiain, 'ermeiii. (.ralla ni: ri.iurn to ti' city, re ioice lo wdl be i find vour le.. or. I ì.ii.iw th.-.t :i ii.onur.ieut Icdiiated at C; a 'tslmry. Vermont on the 1óth of August to the mém-(,-y.o'f the 'iva vrho served Uicu co'jiurv in the Civil War, Spanish AmoriiV.i nnd H orbi War. The I. conti-. iiution v.'n ich the p.or-l ; oi vgiir oiii! uiaitv mafie in ìvt blood airi sat-ril'ice of Its sons ennv.bh's i-s whole . population. W'ii-tt tiio.-.e youn;.; viien i'id and svM'on.d wii) be a-i Inceiitive to hiither r---u:-::"e e.nl jiatriotism ' at di times. Si ncorel v yours, JO.-dFPilUS DANIELS. Tì'JV. FOPM'iR SEC. BAKER Cleveland, .ìuly Li, l!)22. II on. lloiace F. Graham, ('.-.-.fl.-.oury. V't. Mv ilear (I .) ernor Graham: t I. Ifdlin ( ym , ielle:- of July llth, ine 'a:ì oh' Bc nnington tili. e '(i.'i Day, 'raft-onry will ddi i. rs' ; 'lemonr.i. my I po-iti-.i.i ;is Se.-cei:iry oi World War, not !- dm ' I LV '. !C :.ti:i-ai;y :ra . resMoiisiiiiiit .' me a deep seiifee y io; the young n oi .-uni i:,--.-:eas lo 'public ;n : u ' ) ' iio were seni, . e-; : L 1 1 1 r : ; great l.e; and on lields v. iere ( i ilizrù'on ami the -uIlÌoi. ibi i;i the -.voiil was l;('ing lesr-t.- teiumph ff d"t;-i'!i!iied. The e; ceceri ihe V of ihe Amcr; an Army in 'oihl War is a record of high-minded, asociated to;t high-t binking men ,'ther b- lofty coìh in which there was i rsonal oc national 1 f on.-tituting- the? iv.o n 1U-) I iki ta;nt of si fishness, ai intesi A . ni. "1. I a.w s Aliiiy fi- n:;'ng its tii '.-oi-ld has e vai" v;i'. li great -motion turn from Franco f:in-' of victoVy, v.-ill be more and as i Ime goes on and. I ih br . f ruil.- which vi'Ient more ev ì ;. better I ter world results I from 1 he s:. -; ii'ict-s which our men iliade. My own pri niakes ine :' r.'ent.s and m which will ca le In ri; these things Joice v, hen monu morii.ls are set up rry tue messag'e of ti.eii-i Ì!l.s))ifi to coir.nig ', neiittifnis and - iith -'i- voi'ne- men to live lobl IP ori.ei io no woclhy ol ine ihi se have died to liberty which insù re. Craflsbury has a cord. Her sen.. h: 1 honorable ve ,vi' fought and that were truo ihcJ- for the things hod- for t liti tight ati;! ngnt in country, a: ni ali tiie wars ot our is a hand;;omi who now live in ! erect a memor ose whom they and whom the'- it tiiilig lli'ttt Ciai'tsljimy tho-.' ;h'lll r. i to honor ti knew am ov.u s:iv,- giw th-.-nisohes as sacrifices for the common good. Thouuh 1 shall he tur away when this Mertonal is dedicated I sitali in spilli he pre ìnrtved, re- rcnt. and a jipronri.ito w.ir Is coniniemorate Ti:e her sent, kilent, grateful, as are said to oic dead of your town. ì Cordiallv vours, f NEWTON D. BAKER; MAL JOSIAH GROUTÌ ,1,,1 Vi An.v 11) 19'! FROM A ewiio Hon. IL T, G'li Cr-ft rury, t. ! M .( Governo-: Civftsbi-ry e' .'oc.; well to dedicato ì memorv of her sol- a memo - ;.l oief dt 'The ever .v ! things: and a f e lv has neon and i..vl l's greatest world':-. greatest : ideal in ali a a lasting peaeo the world over, al-.vnvs had full ! e l! ing ' life - ha C-.-a Its (HK)La- i i t'iy. If ; Mexlcan full for s'averv. Vini- ar.d her fu il vars ve ('ivi! W: feugh'. fo our con, ; ars, Ce oi the t.n eer sto.", because ihn- kind ld t. lionored i the wars of our Coun he had no siiidiers in tho War il. ; ipiot.-i was quite inni vr was to ex iena In the Spanisi American the World War site did tity ; ; n ! yet in those' i'ou-'iit for others. In tho ;V, fio we ver, where we i ou'-s. ives, our (lag, and ,:i!- four long bloody ; ft'shury had full (Uotas true' lilue soldiers that be'M' ! i-.inis. I say t In ss i Kwenty-tìve òt ice boys in Co.-T, ;l.i .)i ;oi. --wliere 1 had thà .i e oi scivi ii)5 jin(4 ki.iAving. I cann.it ii.v, 11 to of al! those noble ( the nnnics ompany 1 noy. but I v.-ish, wherever they may he. to be-iieiik ihrm my tcnderest remembi ancf t!-(y rendere There is l 1 ì t Cf Fili! I the indile SI-VICIM hi.-ic couiitry. no ..'iniy that etuals e so'- :('-. In fn-oof of tha, out of our t wenty this, notic. ei'dlt pio lieti'-; twelve were sol" iliers; r.i I rr.ii.-e 'linis it The ;:li li v.- re ni;. de ncesidentS llìey O'.'d oei'tt soldiers. ha.; hi ; n the world' over, eri 1.1'. il is . un t of peace, Ih-- ;-n- ahoiit .-l" Mal ioli b In ar io . e ih:.', we talk so much d so nnich desire, is the t liiialihcd in nnnd ani io 1 -ni. ind. n'id the hest ire- iKii - t lo rii-.10i-.."l tlltU pei This V.;t- sairvl an'l saiesr. view of th" ,'ieat and mighty (jiiestion, i'.. -t now agitating the -.vivile uorld: :'i'd will continue io he unii the -eì'is!uiess and gcee.l iman I" -art ('nanne-:. of he I W sue- V'i.ll 1 an ni :; ym:r .oi Clonai occasion .nid ; lian-. in;' you for I ii ventimi to be present, .1. JOSIAII GROUT. CARD OF TIIANKTS ve ir ti i.-. w:iy express ou: !e to ll-e rni.ny friends and May grai .1 u n.-el I nk ..i i .- , i 1 1 1 r.. - ' ii' i i.. ri ir Ve lei.." lo Sthecidin 'ouncil. to mi o'. -!'own in 1 i.-..:..Ui I "f.l, ..,.., i. ..n. 1 . 1. lii.-ne ' vi i . i . 1 1 V4t i . io- tn. i symnam' neh : elld'Jl ways. 1 heli kimlne- - d Wal',1 e M r. and In' r he forgotten. . - ii : a M r.-. I I I I 1 SI 1 and family .M r. ami ! Mi . Co . a family. St. Johnsbury. 'l. Aiiiru.-t. 17, FJ22.