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News. VOL. VII. McCRORY, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, APR IL 15, I'JO'J. NO. 21. GENERAL WILLIAM BOOTH GEN. BOOTH ON EIGHTIETH BIRTHDAY STARTS NEW PLAN Veteran Founder of Salvation Army Launches Scheme for “University of Humanity” in the United States—All the World Celebrates Anniversary of His Birth. New York.—Gen. William Booth, founder and commander-in-chief of the Salvation Army, celebrated his eight ieth birthday on Saturday, April 10, and the event was made the occasion of rejoicing all over the civilized world. The Army itself held big meet ings in every city and town where it is established, and these were partici pated rn by hundreds of thousands of other citizens who were glad to do honor to the distinguished philan tropist. Gen. Booth himself presided over several monster mass meetings in London. His advanced age and the fact that he was operated cn recently lor cataract did not deter him from taking part in the celebrations held by | his devoted soldiers. University of Humanity Launched. In America the day was marked especially by the launching of another of Gen. Booth’s original schemes for social reform in the United States. At every post of the army was an nounced the beginning of work to found a University of Humanity, a great institute for the training of workers in social service. The uni versity will be divided between New York and Chicago, and it is expected to begin with a fund of $1,000,000. The gathering of this fund is the work that the army now enters upon in commemoration of its famous leader's completion of his eightieth year. As a much-needed stone in the great organizational structure that William Booth has been building during the past 47 years, this idea of a school for the systematic training of his workers has been in his mind for sev eral years. On his last visit to the United States the general made his fl"st tentative announcement of the plan. Since then he has worked out many of the details and he has just consented to the beginning of pre liminary work in this country where the need for trained workers has been especially great. No other religious organization in the world's history has branched out into so many departments of philan thopic effort and absorbed them ns part of its religious duties. Need of Trained Workers. The scheme for a University of Hu manity grew naturally out of the de velopment of the 20 other depart ments. With a field as wide as the world itself the work of the Salvation Army Is only limited by the number °f workers that can be secured and its effectiveness by the understanding and earnestness of these workers. As Uplift work lias grown from local ef h forts to help a few into a great in clusive movement which must miss none, the problems of organization have grown greater. Charity has be come a science and its application an art requiring the highest development of personal qualities of insight and altruism. There is thus pressing need for workers of quite exceptional qual ification. These qualifications must first of all be inherent and must then be developed by experience and spe cial training. This Is the new work planned by Gen. Booth. Those women, for in stance, who are to go among the slums of the big cities must not only have the desire to help but must know how real helpfulness can best be se cured. They must understand by a study of practical sociology some thing of the social forces that create this poverty and crime and wretched ness. They must understand the dan ger of the unwise charity that merely increases dependence and understand the value of belter living conditions in raising the moral courage of those to whom fate has been unkind. They must be able not only to correct home conditions themselves but to impart their knowledge and to inspire with a desire for betterment. Value of the Organization. This will be but a small part of the university's training in social service as planned by the patriarchal evangel ist, but it serves to show of what value such an organization will be. Of the general's plan for the uni versity be himself said recently: "I want to train men and women to deal with mlsioitune. 1 want them in structed to combat with the weak nesses and sins of the drunkard, the criminal, the pauper and the would-be suicide.” At 80 years of age the head of the Salvation Army, after more than half a century of almost unceasing activity, Is as vigorous and untiring as at any lime in his career. The inexhaustible vitality and intellectual and physical activity of this social reformer, philan thropist, preacher, author and traveler are marvelous. At fourscore he is traveling many thousands of miles aver the world every year, controlling tile destinies of his more than 7,000 corps of Salvation soldiery with their 18,000 commissioned officers, distribu ted among every civilized country, preaching constantly to vast audiences and doing an amount of literary work that would be a factor to many a professional author with no other oc cupation. William Booth was born on April 10, lts-a, in Nottingham, England, and was trained lor the Methodist minis try which he entered and became one of the strongest evangelistic forces in that church. He grew dissatisfied, however, at reaching only those with some religious training and convic tion. He felt that there were thou sands wdiose need was far greater and he gravitated to the East end of Lon don where wretchedness of all kinds was the rule. In a disused burial ground on Mile End road he pitched an old tent and the first Salvationist meeting was held in that tent =n 1S61. The fiery eloquenco of the earnest young preacher caught the attention of a crowd of poor Whitechapelers and be fore that first meeting was over he had made several conversions, a per formance that he has been repeating throughout the world for 47 years. This first meeting resulted in the formation of the Christian mission, from which it was the evangelist's custom to send his converts to the ex isting churches of the locality, but finding that they were not welcomed and were in danger of slipping back from sheer want of comradeship and oversight, he set about forming so cieties of the converted. These he found to be a potent agency for bring ing in more, as the heedless East ender could be impressed by the words of a former "pal" when he would not listen to a minister. So was created the central idea of the Salvation Army. The need of organization becomes apparent, but several methods were tried with little success before Gen. Booth hit upon the military idea and named his organization the Salvation Army. From that, lime on rne move ment grew amazingly and it 1ms con tinued to grow without ceasing to this day. Spread Over the World. The movement began spreading to other countries of the world in 1SS1 when it first reached the United States through the influence of a silk weaver who had emigrated from Cov entry, England, bringing with him the Salvation Army idea and a strong de sire to continue in the work. It reached Australia in the same year through a milk dealer from Stepney, and soon afterwards the first Canadian corps was organized in a similar fashion. Five years later, in 1886, the gen eral made the first of man; visits to the American branches of the army and he has seen them grow from a few small corps into a veritable army of tremendous influence and unsur passed efficiency. His first great world-tour was made in 1891, when he visited South Africa, Australia and India. Since then he has visited the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and India four times, South Africa tw’ice and Japan and the Holy Land each once. During all these travels the actual executive responsibility for the gov ernment of the army has never been lifted from his shoulders. Even on shipboard he is an indefatigable work er, planning and writing through the days. laen. Booth Honored. One of the most remarkable of the many tributes paid to the general by the great of the world was that of the mikado of Japan during the visit to that country. The mikado personally I received the general with great J warmth and he was accorded remark able ovations in Yokohama. Tokyo. Sendai and Kyoto, a circumstance of I strange import when it is realized ! that Japan is not a Christian country. Another interesting distinction given | Gen. Booth was the conferring on him : of the degree of doctor of civil law by j Oxford university. The significance of this honor will be better under ‘ stood when It is stated those who re I ceived universitv honors with him at ! the time were Prince Arthur of Con , naught, the prime minister of Eng I land, the lord chancellor, the speaker Sir E. Grey, the archbishop o Armagh, Sir Evelyn Wood, the Ameri can ambassador, Mark Twain and Rudyard Kipling. As a writer Gen. Booth Is remark able, both as a stylist, as a thinker and as a producer. He has written in all 21 volumes, besides Innumerable articles for the army publications. His best-known book is "In Darkest England and the Way Out,” in which he outlined his scheme for social re form by means of colonization. "The Training of Children,” "Love, Mar riage and the Home." and his books on reform are among the others of the general's best-known literary pro ductions. Of his creed the general has written very beautifully. He says: "The simplicity of our creed has been, as I believe it will remain, one of the principal helps to our unity. We stand for the old truths. The faith which can be interpreted in terms of duty, of unselfishness, of purity, of love to God and man, is the only faith we really care about. What ever may be the case with the select minority, the consciousness of sin, the force of evil habit and the con sciousness of sin and the influence of passion, are all vivid realities with the great masses of the population.' To them we bring the promise of de liverance by Jesus Christ.” VIOLENT STORM AT COTTON PLANT Cotton Plant.—This city felt the strong hand of a tornado on the 7th and suffered a loss of several thou sand dollars’ worth of property, which was destroyed. The negro Presbyte rian church was completely demol ished. The opera house, a two-story struc ture, was unroofed, and rain beat into the building, badly damaging the stocks of goods in the stores on the first floor. These were a hardware and grocery store owned by J. R. Boon and a dry goods establishment owned by J. R. Sheldon; a seed storage house used by James & Co. was blown down; a number of small houses were blown down. The electric light and tele phone companies suffered extensively because of damage to wires. A negro woman living near here may die from injuries received during the storm. Escapes From Detention Camp. Fort Smith.—Several nights ago Wil liam Jolinsion, charged with robbery, escaped frbm the detention camp, where he was confined as a smallpox patient. In order to prevent his get ting away he was shackled, but by some means he secured a file and cut himself loose from the iron. Recently his mother, who has been a charge upon the corn ^r, made minute in cxuiries of County Plnysician King as to the conditions at the camp, the identity. It is now thought that she went to the camp and gave her son the file while the guard was asleep. Johnston would have been returned to the county jail within a day or two. A Fatal Drink of Alcohol. Harrison.—Bland baton is dead and two companions, Pat Phillips and Ho mer Rogers, all from the nearby coun try, had close escapes from death as the result of drinking wood alco hol. Arrests have been made in con nection with the case. Prosecuting Attorney Reeves exam ined the two minors who made affi davit that a young man by the name of Watkins had purchased the alcohol for them. Watkins was arrested and he in turn made affidavit that he bought the stuff from L, A. Saffer, a druggist. Saffer was placed under ar rest and fined $50. It is believed that the United States authorities will take chage of Saffer. $40.C00 Damages Wanted. Conway.—J. H. Plant, administrator of the estate of C. T. Plant, has filed an action against the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway Com pany for $-10,000 damages arising out of the death of C. T, Plant, who, while a passenger on a train of the defendant, between Bradford and Hig ginson, was injured in a collision near Judsonia and died October 2b, 100S. For the pain and-vuffering of deceased the sum of $25,000 is asked and for his five minor children the sum of $15,000 is claimed. This is one of the the largest damage suits filed in this county, and will be set for trial at the July term of court. Five New Steel Bridges. Conway.—The five new steel bridg es contracted for by Faulkner county will be completed by July 31, accord ing to a statement made by County Judge J- A. Lea. A contract was en tered int;) with die Moravia Construc tion Company last summer, and the bridges were to have been completed by February 15, but so far nothing has been done on the work. It is as serted now that all obstacles in the way of the completion of the con tract have been removed, and the work will proceed without delay. Dice Very buclceniy. Eureka Springs.—J. C. Farley of Eureka Springs died suddenly a few days ago. Mr. Farley ate a hearty supper and was sitting on the perch when first attacked. Leaning ever the banisters, he felt a rush of blood to his heed, but ihought it was a kind of hemorrhage of the throat. Blindness followed and he asked to be taken to his room, where death followed almost immediately. Force's Kick is Fatal, Conway. The young child of H C. Manley, who was kicked in the head by a horse several weeks ago, has died ftom the injury. Although the child’s skull was crushed by the blow from the horse’s hoof, and a portion of the brain was forced through the fracture, the wound apparently began to heal, and the doctor, who was at tending the child, expressed (he be lief that it would recover without an operation. Cousins Cut Each Other. Conway.—Near Kimball, a small town north of the city, Walter Thomas and A. A. Moore engaged in an atgu nf.nt with Hanip Wiley. The use of knives was freely resorted to and Thon as will likely die as the result. Arkadelphia Expects Railroad. Arkadelphia.—Following the receipt of a letter from President Brown of the Memphis, Paris and Gulf Rail wCompany, which they consider an indication that the proposed ex tension of the line to Hot Springs from Murfreesboro will run through this place, the people of Arkadelphia are doing all in their power to secure a definite assurance that the road will come through. A decision as to the proposed route is expected within a few weeks, as the grading of the road has been complet ed to Murfreesboro and the laying of steel is reported to be in progress. It is said to be practically assured that the Hot Springs extension will be built in the immediate future. A bonus is being raised here as an inducement to get the line, and it is possible that large amounts will be raised at Malvern and Graysonia. Limit the Saloons. Texarkana.—The council of Texar kana, Tex., has passed an ordinance restraining the sale of liquors to the territory between State Line avenue and Elm street, and from Third street to First street. It will go into effect August 1, and as fast as the licenses expire they will be renewed only with in the prescribed district. It has been the policy of the county judges of Miller county, Arkansas, to grant licenses on Broad street in Texarkana only, and at no other place in the county, which rendered the county dry except a few blocks in this city, where police were on duty day and night. Offers to Present Old Flag. Little Rock.—Mrs. Crozier of Fay etteville has offered to present the state of Ohio with a beautiful silken banner, five by six feet, made by the Whig women of Dayton for the “Tip pecanoe Club” for the presidential campaign of 1840, when William Hen ry Harrison was elected chief execu tive of the nation. The banner was bequeathed to her by her parents, who were Ohioans. While she treasures it highly, she is willing to donate it to the state. Purity Campaign Opened. Arkadelphia.—There is being launch ed here a campaign for a purifying of social conditions by women of Ar kadelphia. An elevation of mora standards and suppression of insid ious forms of vice will be aimed at. Sins of the individual which ulti mately effect the community and which corrupt the morals of the young and ignorant will be the target of the ladies who are all members of the W. C. T. U. Property of Bank Sold. Winthrop.—The building and fix tures of the Winthrop bank at Win throp has been sold by the receiver. W. D. Stephens purchased nearly all the property, the amount paid for it not exceeding $600. The depositors will be paid in full and the stockhold ers will receive about 50 per cent of the stock paid in. Early Morning Robber Busy. Van Buren.—Several business hous es of this city have cause to regret an early morning call paid them last Thursday by an enterprising burglar. Three different stores were visited and report losses totaling $260. The office of a general contractor was broken into but nothing was missed by the owner. Is Accidentally Drowned. Texarkana.—J. H. Works, a fisher- ! man, was drowned in Sulphur river, j near his home ai Watson's Spur, on the Kansas City Southern, 10 miles south of here. He was 2S years old and leaves a wife and two small chil dren. Being subject to epileptic fits, it is thought that this probably ac counts for the accident. Accused of Taking Stamps. Texarkana.—L. R. Word, a young white man, was brought here by a deputy United States marshal on a warrant issued by the Federal court charging him with embezzling stamps from the postoffice at Pine Bluff about a year ago while he was employed as a clerk in that office. Democratic Candidate Wins. Little Rock.—Mayor Duley, the Democratic candidate for re-election to the office of mayor of Little Rock, was successful in defeating his oppo nent. J. F. Hammett, the independ ent candidate, received only 530 votes, while Duley had 2,471. Over the 1C0 Mark. Waldron.—Giles Pettit died near Parks in this county last week. At the time of his death he was 102 years of age, according to the mar riage record. He was buried at the Parks cemetery. Will Build Sewers. Monticello.--The city council, at a recent meeting, resolved upon the construction of seven miles of sewer at a cost of $35,000. NEW RAILROAD PLANS EXTENSION Little Rock.—It is reported that the officials of the Memphis, Paris and Gulf railroad are contemplating ex tending the line into this city. This road is now operating regular trains on their line between Ashdown, this state, and Atoka, Okla. The road is said to be well built and to be using the best of equipment. If completed into Little Rock would become a verfcy important factor in the development of the southwestern portion of the state. This road, which is popularly known as the Diamond Line, passes through the celebrated Arkansas dia mond fields, and is now making ar rangements to open up the territory for passenger travel. To Trim Water Charges. Pine Bluff.—City Attorney W. B. Sorrells has been instructed by the city council to prepare an ordinance defining the franchise of the Pine Bluff Corporation relative to the con necting of water mains to property of consumers. This action was taken by the city council after Attorney Sorrells had made a speech, in which he declared that the corporation was charging outrageous prices for mak ing water main connections. He as serted that the water company was charging ?13.50 for a connection which ought to cost from 80 cents to not exceeding $1.20. Only Six Buildings Lost. Pine Bluff.—The annual report oi Chief A. S. Breiner of the Pine Bluff fire department, which has been made to the city council, shows that dur ing the year ending March 31, 1909, the department responded to 137 fire alarms with a total loss of $45,644.99, on which $41,349.99 in insurance was paid. The total value of buildings and contents at risk in the fires amounted to $341,595, which shows that the fire department did good work in saving property. During the year only six buildings were destroy ed, and these were small buildings in the outskirts of the city. Large Plant to Be Built. Dermott.—A new lumber plant will soon be erected at a point about two miles west of here on the Warren branch by the Ebbitt Lumber Compa ny. Between 25 and 30 miles of rail road penetrating the forests owned by the company, which cover several thousand acres between here and Til lar, will be built. It is understood that the plant will be one of the larg est and most complete in Southeast Arkansas. Want Men For Civil Service. Little Koek.—The United States Civil Service Commission will exam ine applicants at Little Rock as fol lows: Craftman instructor, bureau of printing. Manila, P. I.; food and drug inspectors, chemistry; assistant chemist in the office of the public roads, department of agriculture; me chanical assistant in field investiga tions, bureau of plant industry. Encourage Outside Buyers. Pine Bluff.—At a meeting of the merchants of this city held at the Ketail Merchants’ Association head quarters, the Pine Bluff Business League was organized with a large membership. The object of the new organization is to encourage local trading among non-residents in this section of the state. Two Election Fatalities. McGehee.—As a result of an argu ment over the city election here two are dead from gunshot wounds. H. K. McDermott shot and fatally wounded Walter McKinnon, a saloon keeper, after they had come to blows over election question. .McDermott attempt ed to escape and while resisting ar rest was shot dead. Shot Through Mistake. Paragould.—E. M. Goodrum of Hec tor is at the Paragould sanitarium under treatment for a wound accident ally inflicted by Sheriff R. L. Camp, who mistook him for an escaped pris oner and attempted to arrest him. Goodrum thought he was in the hands of a robber and resisted. Church Cornerstone Laid. Junction City.—The cornerstone of the new Methodist church at Junction City was laid with appropriate cere monies last week, Presiding Elder Mc Kay being master of ceremonies. The Glee Club of the State Univer sity gave a successful entertainment at Little Rock recently. In the recent municipal election at Argent a the Democratic candidate was detested by an independent in the race for mayor. The Black Sprigs Lumber Compa ny plant w«(p b^yiifed ^recently, caus STATE BRIEFS.