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QUEEN OF THE ADRIATIC HALF DROWNED Th/z TbAZzn or dfr.JyZtVsieZ! ZJrsixEn WATS. 22-* THE winter floods that are causing great losses and distress over much of central and southern Europe have affected Venice also and many of the usually dry spots of that city of canals have been inundated. Even the Piazza of St. Mark's, to which visitors first hurry, has been entirely flooded and presented a novel ap pearance to those familiar with the ordinary aspect of this most famous sight of the Queen of the Adriatic. ON MA TR1MONY Speaker Recommends 21 Years as the Limit. President of Eugenic Society Explains to English Royal Commission His Views on Marriage— Certificate of Fitness London.—The eugenic view of mat rimony, Including the proposal to es tablish a new uge limit for marriage, was explained to the royal commis sion on divorce by Mr. Montague Orackenthorpe, K. <\, president of the Eugenic Society. In this view, he said, marriage was an Institution designed, amongst other things, for the continuance of the human race. It should, therefore, be regulated by the community, which had n great interest in the children born into it. One-half of eugenic teaching was concerned with the production of the fit, the other with the elimination of the unfit. So when certain defects were present before marrlnge in one of the intending parties the marriage should not take place, anti If they de veloped after marriage it should be dissoluble at the Instance of the un blemished party. As to Insanity, though in a sense a spouse was taken for better or for worse, to propagate children “for worse” was a wicked and selfish act that must hinder the community's progress. It Is absolutely cruel that n man should marry a girl of whom he knows very little—except that he has met her In society and regarded her as a charming object—and shortly after marriage she should show herself of unsound mind and has to be put away, and that man is made a celibate against his will. As to the equality of the sexes. It was contended that there should bo perfect equality, but biologically the sexes were not and never could ho made equal. The sexes started equal, but with adolescence they differen tiated and nature had ordained that. The sexes were not equal, for you must consider consequences. If a sin gle act on the part of a man bo fol lowed by the same legal consequence as misconduct on the part of a wife divorce will be made too "easy,” for a little collusion would always bring about a divorce. “Marriage," continued Mr. Crackan thorpe, “should only ho permitted uft er a certificate of fitness for matri mony had been obtained. "Moreover, no man should be al lowed to marry before the age of twenty-one and no woman before the age of eighteen.” Witness said that, in suggesting these rules, the Eugenie Society had not forgotten that marriage involved questions of sex instinct and passion. These rules might have been found impracticable in every age. race and country in the past, but “what may j not be practicable in one age may be j I practicable in another.” “Iianns,” ho continued, “were inade quate as at present published. They j should be published in an official ‘mat j rimonial gazette.’ ” He was followed by F. W. Mott, of | Charing Cross hospital, and pathol ; ogist of the L. C. C. asylums. He ! had been nominated by the Eugenic ■ Society, he said, to give evidence on Insanity and inebriety. He dealt first with heredity and in sanity. There were twenty thousand lunatics in London asylums. Two thousand who had been in the asylums In the last two years had relatives in asylums. He advocated divorce in cases of chronic, incurable insanity ns beneficial to the individual and to so ciety. Drink, he went on, had a pernicious effect on mentally unstable people, and caused the sending of many to asylums. A very small Quantity made them anti-social and insane. He did not find that the children of drunkards were feeble minded, but if the in fluence existed for two or three gen erations diseaso manifested itself. I)r. Chambers, joint editor of the Journal of Mental Science, said that the remedy lay not in making insan ity a ground for divorce, but in pre venting the marriage of the unfit. The knowledge that insanity was a ground for divorce would have a pre judicial effect on the mental health o? some people, and would distress the minds and retards the recoveries of many of the insane who were under care. The last witness of the day was Dr. G. H. Savage, the famous mental ex pert. who has forty years' experience in the treatment of the insane. He had written to medical officers of asylums asking whether insanity was a justifiable ground for divorce, re ceiving eighty-two replies These were: Yes. 51; no, 29; indifferent. 2. He himself thought tnat. despite the existence of a very large num ber of cases of individual hardship, there was no ground for immediate action. Airships to Scare Natives That Is the Plan of the Author of Bill Now Before French Cham ber of Deputies. Paris.—A protect for the use of aeroplanes with which to frighten the natives of the French colonies In Af rica into submission has been intro duced in the chamber of deputies In the form of a bill providing for an ap propriation of $SO,000 for "colonial military aviation.” It seems probable that the measure will be passed In view of the recent defeat of the French hy the tribesmen of Onadai. when Colonel Moll, communder of the French forces, was among the slain. Deputy Gaaparin, who is a strong ad vocate of the plan, said today: "Would the sad events at Onadai have hapened if Colonel Moll had at his disposition a few aeroplanes? Per haps not. Anyway, In the desert re gions, where the means of transporta tion are very meager, the aeroplane could be used to carry orders. Cer tainly the sight of a great white-wing ed airship sailing overhead would he sufficient to inspire the natives with a salutary fear and tend to calm their warlike feelings. They would under stand that they had no chance against the power of France and would sub mit to its domination loyally. “Yes, there should be aeroplanes not only In West Africa but also In Indo-China, the Kongo and Madagas car. The last named country offers superior conditions for experiments. The Inhabitants have long demanded a railway connecting Tananarive with the west coast. Instead of devoting Immense sums to this work and bur dening the colony with heavy debts, why not consider an aeroplane serv ice? I understand that M. Picqule, governor of the island, Is actually studying the question of using aero planes for carrying the malls. Un doubtedly French prestige will be tre mendously increased when the natives heboid the first aeroplane skimming over the capital of Madagascar." SAYS NO STORK AFTER 2015 Then Only Babies That Come Will Be Imported, Declares Cornell Uni versity “Prof.’’ Billy Goat Thrashes Cop Butting and Bucking He Sends Police man Skidding—Animal Is Fin ally Killed. Pittsburg, Pa. For assaulting a po liceman, breaking bis mace, crushing his helmet over his ears, tearing his clothes and making him the laughing stock of the community, Ullly Clark was killed. Everyone In Woods Hun —or at least around Hnrland avenue and Sarah street—knew Bill. He was a goat owned by Patrick ('lark of 8fi Sarah street, and the Clark children had him broken to harness. At 9 o’clock the ottuy night the goat broke out of its shed and went to Har land avenue, where it drove many young coasters up telegraph poles, etc. Ofllcer Michael Redman wus told that “Rill Clark was on another tear," and he hurried to the scene. Bill was holding Harland avenue. “Come here to me. Bill,” said the ofllcer very sweetly, and he approach ed the goat cautiously with mace un sheathed. The goat “came" before Redman expected it and the ofllcer sped for some distance along the icy pavement on the peak of his helmet and his stomach. As the policeman sat up and looked around the goat made another charge. Redman struck .the animal over the bead with hla mace. The mace was shattered and a l'lece of it flying through the air broke a window, but it did not stop Bill. The policeman then seized the goat by the horns For the next three min utes the fight was even and spectators cheered. Finally Redman drew his re volver and killed 1)111 ___ 2,500,000 More Subjects of Czar. St. Petersburg.—This year's census of the Russian empire adds another .'>,000.000 to the population as enumera ted in 1908. The czar’s subjects now number ICO,0000,000 and increase every year by 2,500,000 despite wars, epidemics and Internal disturbances! As there is no lack of cultivated soil In Russia there seems no reason why this big minual increase should not continue. Warm Current le Found. St. Petersburg.—The Russian expedi tion under Geologist M. Rusanoff has discovered a warm ocean current around Nova Zembla, but not passing through the Kara sea, where Nansen and others sought for euoh a current. It is expected that In consequence of the discovery the maratlme route to the mouths of Siberian rivers will henoeforth be north instead of south of Nora Zambia. St. Louis.—There will be no chil dren In the United States under five years of ago In the year 2020. liabies accordingly will have disappeared from this country as early as 2015. This is the mathematical concluslot of Prof. Walter S. Wilcox of Cornell university, after exhaustive study and comparison of the birth rate during the last century. Professor Willcox addressed his as sociates in the American Statistical association on the subject of "Com parative Fecundity In the United States and France." The only possl bility of seeing babies In the United States after 2020, according to Profes sor Willcox's calculation, is through Importation from France. France, he says, will continue to have babies 80 years after the United States has quit. An endorsement for the stork was recommended to the association by Oeorge E. Howard, professor of sociol ogy in the University of Nebraska. In an address on "The Social Control of Domestic Relations,” he declared the state should endow mothers. Japanese Print Brings 91,150. London.—A copy of the most famous print of the Japanese artist, Utamaro, "The Divers of Ise,” realised the rec ord price of |1,150 at Messrs. Sothe by's rooms. In 1871 a copy made |I10 tad In 1907 another copy realized |260, HEARD CHITWOOD PLEAD FOR LIFE TESTIMONY TAKEN BEFORE COR ONER IN SECRET IS READ IN OPEN COURT. Henring Promises to Be Long One Attorneys Say the Prisoners Will Take Stand In Own Behalf. Hot Springs, Ark.—"Please, pica e, don’t do that. Don’t kill me, Mr. Honpt. Give me a trial.” This was read before Judge Evans in the habeas corpus proceedings of Ben Murray and John Rutherford in their application for bail as a part of th.- testimony of one of the prisoners who testified in the secret session of the coroner in the investigation of the murder of Oscar Chitwood on tile morning of December 25. I'he testimony of other prisoners was read, in which they swore to having heard the name of Honpt used, but none of them testified to having heard any one of the Houpts designated. Others of the prisoners testified that there was no noise in the jail yard when Chitwood was murdered that would indicate he had been killed by a mob. All agreed that the women prisoners that night had been locked in their cells, in stead of being allowed the freedom of the corridors, as had been the custom. The indications are that the hear ing will last as long ns the coroner’s investigation of the murder of Oscar Chitwood lasted. Attorneys for the two prisoners announce that they will place their clients on the stand before the hearing is finished. Patterson Sets a Pardoning Record. Nashville, Tenn.—With IS pardons granted on the last day of his tenure in office, liberating convicts accused of manslaughter, murder and minor crimes. Governor M. K. Patterson is generally credited with having es tablished a record for pardons issued from the executive mansion in Ten nessee. It has been Patterson's ] ol icy to pardon when any shadow of doubt of guilt existed, and this .pol icy led to the memorable pardon of Colonel D. R. Cooper, who shot and killed former Senator Carmack. Texas Packers Complain. Washington, I). C. Alleged exces sive and discriminatory freight rates tire made the basis of a complaint filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission by the Houston (Texas) Packing Company against the Texas A- New Orleans Railroad Company and other carriers. The complaint recites the rates on packing house products from Houston to Lake Charles. La., were advanced October 11, 1!U0, from 20 rents to 32 cents a hundred pounds. Maniac's Bullets Killed Novelist. New York.—David Graham Phillips, author and editor, died in the hos pital, the victim of Fifzhugh Golds borougli, an eccentric musician, who shot the novelist for a fancied grudge and then killed himself. Phil lips fought desperately to live, but six bullet holes were too much for his grit and sturdy constitution. Life Term for Ketchel's Slayers. Marshfield, Mo- Guilty of murder in the first degree was the verdict returned by the jury in the case of Walter A. Dipley and Goldie Smith, charged with' the murder of Stanley Ketchel, champion middleweight pugilist. Sentences of life imprison ment were recommended for each of the defendants. Standard Oil Found Not Guilty. Raleigh, N. C.—The Standard Oil Company was adjudged not guilty of violating the anti-trust law of North Carolina by cutting prices of kero sene oil to drive out competition. Tlie case lias been in the hands of the supreme court since December. Japanese Anarchists Executed. Tokio, Japan. Twelve anarchists, convicted of conspiracy against the throne and the lives of the imperial family, were executed in the prison here. Second Primary Election Suggested. Little Hock.—Several leading sup porters of John H. Tuohev and ( has. K. Taylor, candidates for mayor in the recent Democratic primaries, hold a conference a few nights ago and decided to ask both candidates to agree to a second primary. Tuohey was returned as having received less than f>0 majority, and Taylor filed a contest, claiming that more than 250 illegal votes were cast. The contest is before the city central committee. Judge Albion Z. Blair of the couj^ mon pleas court of Adams countyJ Ohio, who recently uneartheil t.hgj amazing vote traffic In his county, la authority for the statement that liters Is grafting everywhere, and that It la not only the right, but the duty of evV cry official to see that this Is stamped out. Judge Blair declared that he lo ti riiled going over the ground so JhoiM oughly that none would escape, and hgf estimated that the grand jury would! indict 2,uu0 or more before it had flu^ lshed Its sitting. Fully 90 prr rent, of the Indicted men made the trip to West Union, thef county seat, appeared before Judgo Blair and entered pleas of guilty to the indictments found against them. To all these the court handed out a nominal fine of $5, $10 or $15—usually about the price received by them for their last, vote—a suspended sentence of three or four months in the work-r house and disfranchisement ior a pe» riod or five years. About a dozen men who Ignored the summons of the cour|j after indictments had been returned against them were sent for. given a fine of $200, and eight months’ sentence in the Cincinnati workhouse and flv» years disfranchisement. The net caught in its meshes people of all ages, of all classes, even of both sexes. The aged men who voted for Abraham hincoln for president of tlie United States came to West Union side by side with (he beardless youths who cast their first votes in the recent election. Rich farmers arrived with the Inmates of poor farms; father, son and grandson made the trip together; preachers and day laborers were In the same hatch appearing for sentence; in one instance even mother and son appeared together, the mother tearfully admitting to Judge lilair that she had sold her boy's vote for $5. HEADS RAILROAD ENGINEERS Grami' Chief Engineer Warren 3. Stone of the Brotherhood of Locomo tive Engineers, on behalf of the mem bers of the brotherhood, accepted the agreement offered hy the railroad man agers by which nearly ilfi.OOO of hie fellows are to benefit. Four milllor* dollars a year is what It will cost 61 western railroads to make good the provisions of tho settlement. In spite of their repeated assertions) that they had reached the limit, the managers made concessions In tho face of a threatened strike. Conces sions were made by the men also, but they established two of the chief points for which they contended—Jur isdiction over motor trucks and an Increased schedule for the Mallet type of locomotive. Chief Stone in Ills letter to the com missioner of labor said: ‘'After thor oughly considering the proposal and the question in its entirety, we are of the opinion the offer will not yield th® engineers compensation commensurate with the service performed, and it Is with extreme reluctance we inform you it will be accepted. In this conneo tion we are prompted to accept the proposition through the Influence of your self and a desire on our part to avert a calamity that would bring suffering and loss on a largo number of people who are not parties to the controversy With those facts in mind you are authorized to affect a settlement In accord ance with the proposed terms.'’ A MISSOURI SUPREME JUDGE Governor Hadley of Missouri recent ly announced the appointment oB Judge Franklin Ferris of St. Louis for supreme judge to succeed the latr Gavon I>. Burgess. Franklin Ferris is slxty-one yeans of age and has been a practicing at* torney in St. Louis since 1874. Hs was a native of New York and wa^ graduated from Cornell university lotf the class of 1873, coming to Missouri the next year. Though active in Itepublionn poll, tics, he <1 id not hold office until 1893, when he was elected a member of tto city council, the upper liouso of thr municipal assembly of St Louis. lie was made president pro tempore. At that time Charles Nagel, now secre tary of commerce and labor, was the presiding officer of that body. Soot* after the four-year term ended In 1898 he was nominated Judge of the circuit court and elected. When the United States began the* case against the Standard Oil company Judge Ferris was selected as com mlsslener to hear the ease for the United States circuit court. That case* Is now In the Supreme court of the United States on an appeal from th® United States circuit court of appeals, which decided against the company Governor Hadley offered Judge Ferris the position of president of the police board of St. Louis, but he declined to serve. NEW AID TO J. P. MORGAN With the retirement of Ceorge W'. Perkins from the great .financial firm of J. Pier jam t Morgan & Co. ther** steps to the front as the right-handi man of the great financier Henry P. Davison, once a school teacher oT Troy, Pa., who now becomes the moat Important member of the great bank lng house, next to Morgan himself. Davison’s rise in the house of Mo:> gan has been one of the most remark able in the history of Wall street. If has been a firm member for only ttv-* years, but In that time his star hat steadily waxed. It is known that J. p Morgan since the panic of 1907 has been convinced that In Davison wer-» the qualities needed for financial lead ership of the highest type. To the financial genius of Mr Davf son Is due the successful outcome fo American bankers of the negotiation f held In Paris last summer for Aiuerfj can participation in the great Chines > loan the jaiMWU.uuo MauKnw-»zet?nt*« an railroad loan, which foreign bankers had originally Intended to ab«or> with no slice awarded to American bankers. But the Chinese loan Is only one of the varied tasks of big proportion t that Mr Perkins' successor is called upon to solve in the Intricate mazes Morganesque financial operation*.