QUEEN OF THE ADRIATIC HALF DROWNED
Th/z TbAZzn or dfr.JyZtVsieZ! ZJrsixEn WATS. 22-*
THE winter floods that are causing great losses and distress over much of central and southern Europe have
affected Venice also and many of the usually dry spots of that city of canals have been inundated. Even
the Piazza of St. Mark's, to which visitors first hurry, has been entirely flooded and presented a novel ap
pearance to those familiar with the ordinary aspect of this most famous sight of the Queen of the Adriatic.
ON MA TR1MONY
Speaker Recommends 21 Years
as the Limit.
President of Eugenic Society Explains
to English Royal Commission
His Views on Marriage—
Certificate of Fitness
London.—The eugenic view of mat
rimony, Including the proposal to es
tablish a new uge limit for marriage,
was explained to the royal commis
sion on divorce by Mr. Montague
Orackenthorpe, K. <\, president of
the Eugenic Society.
In this view, he said, marriage was
an Institution designed, amongst other
things, for the continuance of the
human race. It should, therefore, be
regulated by the community, which
had n great interest in the children
born into it.
One-half of eugenic teaching was
concerned with the production of the
fit, the other with the elimination of
the unfit. So when certain defects
were present before marrlnge in one
of the intending parties the marriage
should not take place, anti If they de
veloped after marriage it should be
dissoluble at the Instance of the un
As to Insanity, though in a sense a
spouse was taken for better or for
worse, to propagate children “for
worse” was a wicked and selfish act
that must hinder the community's
It Is absolutely cruel that n man
should marry a girl of whom he knows
very little—except that he has met
her In society and regarded her as a
charming object—and shortly after
marriage she should show herself of
unsound mind and has to be put away,
and that man is made a celibate
against his will.
As to the equality of the sexes. It
was contended that there should bo
perfect equality, but biologically the
sexes were not and never could ho
made equal. The sexes started equal,
but with adolescence they differen
tiated and nature had ordained that.
The sexes were not equal, for you
must consider consequences. If a sin
gle act on the part of a man bo fol
lowed by the same legal consequence
as misconduct on the part of a wife
divorce will be made too "easy,” for a
little collusion would always bring
about a divorce.
“Marriage," continued Mr. Crackan
thorpe, “should only ho permitted uft
er a certificate of fitness for matri
mony had been obtained.
"Moreover, no man should be al
lowed to marry before the age of
twenty-one and no woman before the
age of eighteen.”
Witness said that, in suggesting
these rules, the Eugenie Society had
not forgotten that marriage involved
questions of sex instinct and passion.
These rules might have been found
impracticable in every age. race and
country in the past, but “what may j
not be practicable in one age may be j
I practicable in another.”
“Iianns,” ho continued, “were inade
quate as at present published. They
j should be published in an official ‘mat
j rimonial gazette.’ ”
He was followed by F. W. Mott, of
| Charing Cross hospital, and pathol
; ogist of the L. C. C. asylums. He
! had been nominated by the Eugenic
■ Society, he said, to give evidence on
Insanity and inebriety.
He dealt first with heredity and in
sanity. There were twenty thousand
lunatics in London asylums. Two
thousand who had been in the asylums
In the last two years had relatives in
asylums. He advocated divorce in
cases of chronic, incurable insanity ns
beneficial to the individual and to so
Drink, he went on, had a pernicious
effect on mentally unstable people,
and caused the sending of many to
asylums. A very small Quantity made
them anti-social and insane. He did
not find that the children of drunkards
were feeble minded, but if the in
fluence existed for two or three gen
erations diseaso manifested itself.
I)r. Chambers, joint editor of the
Journal of Mental Science, said that
the remedy lay not in making insan
ity a ground for divorce, but in pre
venting the marriage of the unfit.
The knowledge that insanity was a
ground for divorce would have a pre
judicial effect on the mental health o?
some people, and would distress the
minds and retards the recoveries of
many of the insane who were under
The last witness of the day was Dr.
G. H. Savage, the famous mental ex
pert. who has forty years' experience
in the treatment of the insane. He
had written to medical officers of
asylums asking whether insanity was
a justifiable ground for divorce, re
ceiving eighty-two replies These
were: Yes. 51; no, 29; indifferent. 2.
He himself thought tnat. despite
the existence of a very large num
ber of cases of individual hardship,
there was no ground for immediate
Airships to Scare Natives
That Is the Plan of the Author of
Bill Now Before French Cham
ber of Deputies.
Paris.—A protect for the use of
aeroplanes with which to frighten the
natives of the French colonies In Af
rica into submission has been intro
duced in the chamber of deputies In
the form of a bill providing for an ap
propriation of $SO,000 for "colonial
military aviation.” It seems probable
that the measure will be passed In
view of the recent defeat of the
French hy the tribesmen of Onadai.
when Colonel Moll, communder of the
French forces, was among the slain.
Deputy Gaaparin, who is a strong ad
vocate of the plan, said today:
"Would the sad events at Onadai
have hapened if Colonel Moll had at
his disposition a few aeroplanes? Per
haps not. Anyway, In the desert re
gions, where the means of transporta
tion are very meager, the aeroplane
could be used to carry orders. Cer
tainly the sight of a great white-wing
ed airship sailing overhead would he
sufficient to inspire the natives with
a salutary fear and tend to calm their
warlike feelings. They would under
stand that they had no chance against
the power of France and would sub
mit to its domination loyally.
“Yes, there should be aeroplanes
not only In West Africa but also In
Indo-China, the Kongo and Madagas
car. The last named country offers
superior conditions for experiments.
The Inhabitants have long demanded
a railway connecting Tananarive with
the west coast. Instead of devoting
Immense sums to this work and bur
dening the colony with heavy debts,
why not consider an aeroplane serv
ice? I understand that M. Picqule,
governor of the island, Is actually
studying the question of using aero
planes for carrying the malls. Un
doubtedly French prestige will be tre
mendously increased when the natives
heboid the first aeroplane skimming
over the capital of Madagascar."
SAYS NO STORK AFTER 2015
Then Only Babies That Come Will Be
Imported, Declares Cornell Uni
Billy Goat Thrashes Cop
Butting and Bucking He Sends Police
man Skidding—Animal Is Fin
Pittsburg, Pa. For assaulting a po
liceman, breaking bis mace, crushing
his helmet over his ears, tearing his
clothes and making him the laughing
stock of the community, Ullly Clark
was killed. Everyone In Woods Hun
—or at least around Hnrland avenue
and Sarah street—knew Bill. He was
a goat owned by Patrick ('lark of 8fi
Sarah street, and the Clark children
had him broken to harness.
At 9 o’clock the ottuy night the goat
broke out of its shed and went to Har
land avenue, where it drove many
young coasters up telegraph poles, etc.
Ofllcer Michael Redman wus told that
“Rill Clark was on another tear," and
he hurried to the scene. Bill was
holding Harland avenue.
“Come here to me. Bill,” said the
ofllcer very sweetly, and he approach
ed the goat cautiously with mace un
sheathed. The goat “came" before
Redman expected it and the ofllcer
sped for some distance along the icy
pavement on the peak of his helmet
and his stomach. As the policeman
sat up and looked around the goat
made another charge. Redman struck
.the animal over the bead with hla
mace. The mace was shattered and a
l'lece of it flying through the air broke
a window, but it did not stop Bill.
The policeman then seized the goat
by the horns For the next three min
utes the fight was even and spectators
cheered. Finally Redman drew his re
volver and killed 1)111
2,500,000 More Subjects of Czar.
St. Petersburg.—This year's census
of the Russian empire adds another
.'>,000.000 to the population as enumera
ted in 1908. The czar’s subjects now
number ICO,0000,000 and increase
every year by 2,500,000 despite wars,
epidemics and Internal disturbances!
As there is no lack of cultivated soil
In Russia there seems no reason why
this big minual increase should not
Warm Current le Found.
St. Petersburg.—The Russian expedi
tion under Geologist M. Rusanoff has
discovered a warm ocean current
around Nova Zembla, but not passing
through the Kara sea, where Nansen
and others sought for euoh a current.
It is expected that In consequence of
the discovery the maratlme route to
the mouths of Siberian rivers will
henoeforth be north instead of south
of Nora Zambia.
St. Louis.—There will be no chil
dren In the United States under five
years of ago In the year 2020. liabies
accordingly will have disappeared
from this country as early as 2015.
This is the mathematical concluslot
of Prof. Walter S. Wilcox of Cornell
university, after exhaustive study and
comparison of the birth rate during
the last century.
Professor Willcox addressed his as
sociates in the American Statistical
association on the subject of "Com
parative Fecundity In the United
States and France." The only possl
bility of seeing babies In the United
States after 2020, according to Profes
sor Willcox's calculation, is through
Importation from France. France, he
says, will continue to have babies 80
years after the United States has quit.
An endorsement for the stork was
recommended to the association by
Oeorge E. Howard, professor of sociol
ogy in the University of Nebraska. In
an address on "The Social Control of
Domestic Relations,” he declared the
state should endow mothers.
Japanese Print Brings 91,150.
London.—A copy of the most famous
print of the Japanese artist, Utamaro,
"The Divers of Ise,” realised the rec
ord price of |1,150 at Messrs. Sothe
by's rooms. In 1871 a copy made |I10
tad In 1907 another copy realized |260,
PLEAD FOR LIFE
TESTIMONY TAKEN BEFORE COR
ONER IN SECRET IS READ IN
Henring Promises to Be Long One
Attorneys Say the Prisoners Will
Take Stand In Own Behalf.
Hot Springs, Ark.—"Please, pica e,
don’t do that. Don’t kill me, Mr.
Honpt. Give me a trial.”
This was read before Judge Evans
in the habeas corpus proceedings of
Ben Murray and John Rutherford in
their application for bail as a part of
th.- testimony of one of the prisoners
who testified in the secret session of
the coroner in the investigation of
the murder of Oscar Chitwood on
tile morning of December 25.
I'he testimony of other prisoners
was read, in which they swore to
having heard the name of Honpt
used, but none of them testified to
having heard any one of the Houpts
designated. Others of the prisoners
testified that there was no noise in
the jail yard when Chitwood was
murdered that would indicate he had
been killed by a mob. All agreed
that the women prisoners that night
had been locked in their cells, in
stead of being allowed the freedom
of the corridors, as had been the
The indications are that the hear
ing will last as long ns the coroner’s
investigation of the murder of Oscar
Chitwood lasted. Attorneys for the
two prisoners announce that they
will place their clients on the stand
before the hearing is finished.
Patterson Sets a Pardoning Record.
Nashville, Tenn.—With IS pardons
granted on the last day of his tenure
in office, liberating convicts accused
of manslaughter, murder and minor
crimes. Governor M. K. Patterson is
generally credited with having es
tablished a record for pardons issued
from the executive mansion in Ten
nessee. It has been Patterson's ] ol
icy to pardon when any shadow of
doubt of guilt existed, and this .pol
icy led to the memorable pardon of
Colonel D. R. Cooper, who shot and
killed former Senator Carmack.
Texas Packers Complain.
Washington, I). C. Alleged exces
sive and discriminatory freight rates
tire made the basis of a complaint
filed with the Interstate Commerce
Commission by the Houston (Texas)
Packing Company against the Texas
A- New Orleans Railroad Company
and other carriers. The complaint
recites the rates on packing house
products from Houston to Lake
Charles. La., were advanced October
11, 1!U0, from 20 rents to 32 cents
a hundred pounds.
Maniac's Bullets Killed Novelist.
New York.—David Graham Phillips,
author and editor, died in the hos
pital, the victim of Fifzhugh Golds
borougli, an eccentric musician, who
shot the novelist for a fancied
grudge and then killed himself. Phil
lips fought desperately to live, but
six bullet holes were too much for
his grit and sturdy constitution.
Life Term for Ketchel's Slayers.
Marshfield, Mo- Guilty of murder
in the first degree was the verdict
returned by the jury in the case of
Walter A. Dipley and Goldie Smith,
charged with' the murder of Stanley
Ketchel, champion middleweight
pugilist. Sentences of life imprison
ment were recommended for each of
Standard Oil Found Not Guilty.
Raleigh, N. C.—The Standard Oil
Company was adjudged not guilty of
violating the anti-trust law of North
Carolina by cutting prices of kero
sene oil to drive out competition.
Tlie case lias been in the hands of
the supreme court since December.
Japanese Anarchists Executed.
Tokio, Japan. Twelve anarchists,
convicted of conspiracy against the
throne and the lives of the imperial
family, were executed in the prison
Second Primary Election Suggested.
Little Hock.—Several leading sup
porters of John H. Tuohev and ( has.
K. Taylor, candidates for mayor in
the recent Democratic primaries, hold
a conference a few nights ago and
decided to ask both candidates to
agree to a second primary. Tuohey
was returned as having received less
than f>0 majority, and Taylor filed a
contest, claiming that more than 250
illegal votes were cast. The contest
is before the city central committee.
Judge Albion Z. Blair of the couj^
mon pleas court of Adams countyJ
Ohio, who recently uneartheil t.hgj
amazing vote traffic In his county, la
authority for the statement that liters
Is grafting everywhere, and that It la
not only the right, but the duty of evV
cry official to see that this Is stamped
out. Judge Blair declared that he lo
ti riiled going over the ground so JhoiM
oughly that none would escape, and hgf
estimated that the grand jury would!
indict 2,uu0 or more before it had flu^
lshed Its sitting.
Fully 90 prr rent, of the Indicted
men made the trip to West Union, thef
county seat, appeared before Judgo
Blair and entered pleas of guilty to
the indictments found against them.
To all these the court handed out a
nominal fine of $5, $10 or $15—usually
about the price received by them for
their last, vote—a suspended sentence
of three or four months in the work-r
house and disfranchisement ior a pe»
riod or five years. About a dozen men who Ignored the summons of the cour|j
after indictments had been returned against them were sent for. given a fine
of $200, and eight months’ sentence in the Cincinnati workhouse and flv»
The net caught in its meshes people of all ages, of all classes, even of
both sexes. The aged men who voted for Abraham hincoln for president
of tlie United States came to West Union side by side with (he beardless
youths who cast their first votes in the recent election. Rich farmers arrived
with the Inmates of poor farms; father, son and grandson made the trip
together; preachers and day laborers were In the same hatch appearing for
sentence; in one instance even mother and son appeared together, the mother
tearfully admitting to Judge lilair that she had sold her boy's vote for $5.
HEADS RAILROAD ENGINEERS
Grami' Chief Engineer Warren 3.
Stone of the Brotherhood of Locomo
tive Engineers, on behalf of the mem
bers of the brotherhood, accepted the
agreement offered hy the railroad man
agers by which nearly ilfi.OOO of hie
fellows are to benefit. Four milllor*
dollars a year is what It will cost 61
western railroads to make good the
provisions of tho settlement.
In spite of their repeated assertions)
that they had reached the limit, the
managers made concessions In tho
face of a threatened strike. Conces
sions were made by the men also, but
they established two of the chief
points for which they contended—Jur
isdiction over motor trucks and an
Increased schedule for the Mallet type
Chief Stone in Ills letter to the com
missioner of labor said: ‘'After thor
oughly considering the proposal and
the question in its entirety, we are of
the opinion the offer will not yield th®
engineers compensation commensurate with the service performed, and it Is
with extreme reluctance we inform you it will be accepted. In this conneo
tion we are prompted to accept the proposition through the Influence of your
self and a desire on our part to avert a calamity that would bring suffering
and loss on a largo number of people who are not parties to the controversy
With those facts in mind you are authorized to affect a settlement In accord
ance with the proposed terms.'’
A MISSOURI SUPREME JUDGE
Governor Hadley of Missouri recent
ly announced the appointment oB
Judge Franklin Ferris of St. Louis for
supreme judge to succeed the latr
Gavon I>. Burgess.
Franklin Ferris is slxty-one yeans
of age and has been a practicing at*
torney in St. Louis since 1874. Hs
was a native of New York and wa^
graduated from Cornell university lotf
the class of 1873, coming to Missouri
the next year.
Though active in Itepublionn poll,
tics, he <1 id not hold office until 1893,
when he was elected a member of tto
city council, the upper liouso of thr
municipal assembly of St Louis. lie
was made president pro tempore. At
that time Charles Nagel, now secre
tary of commerce and labor, was the
presiding officer of that body. Soot*
after the four-year term ended In 1898
he was nominated Judge of the circuit
court and elected.
When the United States began the*
case against the Standard Oil company Judge Ferris was selected as com
mlsslener to hear the ease for the United States circuit court. That case*
Is now In the Supreme court of the United States on an appeal from th®
United States circuit court of appeals, which decided against the company
Governor Hadley offered Judge Ferris the position of president of the
police board of St. Louis, but he declined to serve.
NEW AID TO J. P. MORGAN
With the retirement of Ceorge W'.
Perkins from the great .financial firm
of J. Pier jam t Morgan & Co. ther**
steps to the front as the right-handi
man of the great financier Henry
P. Davison, once a school teacher oT
Troy, Pa., who now becomes the moat
Important member of the great bank
lng house, next to Morgan himself.
Davison’s rise in the house of Mo:>
gan has been one of the most remark
able in the history of Wall street. If
has been a firm member for only ttv-*
years, but In that time his star hat
steadily waxed. It is known that J. p
Morgan since the panic of 1907 has
been convinced that In Davison wer-»
the qualities needed for financial lead
ership of the highest type.
To the financial genius of Mr Davf
son Is due the successful outcome fo
American bankers of the negotiation f
held In Paris last summer for Aiuerfj
can participation in the great Chines >
loan the jaiMWU.uuo MauKnw-»zet?nt*«
an railroad loan, which foreign bankers had originally Intended to ab«or>
with no slice awarded to American bankers.
But the Chinese loan Is only one of the varied tasks of big proportion t
that Mr Perkins' successor is called upon to solve in the Intricate mazes
Morganesque financial operation*.
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