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NEWS UNO NOTES Governor Grants a Pardon to Afjed Banker Who Has Only Short Time to Live. MANY SIGNED THE PETITION Police Are Watchful Since Night Prowler Shot Baby by Side of Mother. Tt. S. Morris, the aged president of the Hank of Siloam of Silonrn Springs, who was sentenced to three years’ iin prisonment for alleged frauds in con nection with the failure of tho hank, was pardoned by Oovernor Oonaghey and released from the penitentiary. Morris, who is 74 years old, has iged rapidly since Ills troubles began, and Is Raid to be in a serious physical condition. He has been in the hospi tal at tho penitentiary since lie began serving his sentence on April 17, and when he was released yesterday, he was so feeble that he could not walk without asistance to the automobile which was waiting to ct/nvey him to the city. He broke down and wept when the news that he had been par doned was conveyed to him. Morris' wife, who is 68 years of age, is waiting for his return to their home I at Silonrn Springs. She has also suf fered greatly, it in said, because of the troubles of her husband, ami is very feeble. Morris had been president of the Hank of Siloam for 80 years when the Institution failed, causing a heavy loss to tho depositors. He was convicted, in October, 1011, on a charge of re el iving deposits when tie knew the ! bank was insolvent, and was sen tenced to three years In the peniten tiary. The judgement of the lower court was affirmed tn the supreme court. Many petitions, asking that he be pardoned have been received by the j governor from adl parts of the state, i It was represented to the governor that Morris could not live more than six months, and it was urged that he be allowed to return to his home and wife to spend his few remaining days. POLICE ARE WATCHFUL Since Shooting of Child Vigilance Has Been Doubled. Little Hock.—Instructions have been issued to the special officers to ar j rest all suspicious characters found on the streets at night It is thought this will rid Little Hock of the sneak thieves who usually begin operations about this time of year. Contributions added to the reward fund amount to $1,100. Chief of Police Cogswell stated that , orders had been issued to stop and search all suspicious characters in or. effort to put a stop to the epidemic of carrying concealed weapons that has struck Little Hock since the hunt for “Jack the Shooter," has been started. Fined for Cruelty. Little Hock Jack Christian and his wife were before a justice charg ed with n case of extreme parental neglect of their four children: the mother was fined $.'0 and the father $2f>, the charge being cruelty and abandonment Two of the children are hoys four years old, the other two girls, age 10 and 14 years, repsectively. CONSTABLE IS INDICTED First Degree Murder Is Charge Before Grand Jury. Little Hock.—After nearing the evi dence of the eyewitnesses of the early morning duel in which the late Police Sergeant William 1. Campbell lost his life and Constable W. 1 Dutch Jone. was wounded, the 1’nla.ski county grand jury issued an indictment charg ing ’onstalde \V. A Jones with m it' dec in the first degree, according to authentic reports. Chief Constable Ch .rles Jones, who is acting consta ble, and a brother of Constable Jones, stated that the report was true t>n account of his physical condi tion, which his attorneys declare \ not permit his being confined in jail, the arrest has not been made. ) Little Hoi k.—As the result of inju rles sustained in a collision between an automobile and an express wagon, Ceorite Forbes of St. Louis, an era Ploye of the Wells Fargo Kxpress com pany died at a local hospital. Committee Meeting Called. Little Rock.—A call for a meeting of the Democratic State Central Com mittee, to be held in Little Rock at 10 o’clock a. m., June t. has been is sued by Chairman R. F. Milweo and Secretary Uruce T Hullion. At this meeting the committee will canvas? the vote east in the March primary for state officers, pass upon any contests that may be presented, and prepare the temprorary roil ror the state con vention, which will convene on the /ollowlng morning. WOULD HAVE CONTESTS Educators Outlina Plan That Can Easily Be Adopted. State Superintendent George B. Cook and Prof. J. L. Bond, supervisor of rural schools, are urging that school contests of various kinds be held in connection with all county fairs and industrial exhibits this fall. They have outlined a plan which they be lieve can easily be adopted in every county where such an exhibit i* to be held. They have issued a bulletin outlining this plan. Each county superintendent or ex aminer is asked to appoint a com mittee of three or more members on arrangements, with himself as chair man. Th's committee, in co-opera tion with those in charge of the county lair, is exported to decide upon what school and athletic contests should he held, and arrange for premiums to he given in each contest. The following contests are suggest ed as requiring little preparation or training: A—School contests, open to boys and girls: 1, spelling; 2, map drawing of county; .1. recitation or declamation. 1$—Athletic contests, open to boys: 1, 100-yard run; 2, standing high jump; running high jump; 4, stand ing broad jump; 5, running broad jump. (' -Special contests; 1, best school exhibit, to include any and all school work for year; 2, potato race, open to girls; 2, best jar of fruit, open to girls; 4, neatest kitchen apron, open to girls. SPECULATOR LOST MONEY Attendance at Macon Reunion not Large as Expected. Little Hock.—According to informa tion received by the Board of Trade, it is reported that the people of Ma con, Ga., face a deficit of $25,000 on account of the attendance at the re cent Confederate reunion in that city not coming up to expectations. It is stated that 150,000 visitors were ex pected, while not more than 40,000 persons were present. The greater part of the loses sustained was on account of the large number of cots that were not used. There were more than 200 lunch stands that were scattered throughout the city for the occasion, hut it is said that only four of that number made a profit, and that one in particular lost $11,000. It is also said that more than 50,000 buns and loaves of bread were dump ed into tlie river. The souvenir deal ers were also hard hit, it is said. ORGANIZING FOR AID Farmers of Flood District Need Seed * for Planting, Little Hock.- At a meeting of the hoard of governors of the Chamber of Commerce, stops were laken to enlist tlie support of commercial organiza tion in all cities and towns along the Arkansas river for the meeting which has I oen called by the Plum Bayou Lcvei Board to be held In Little Hock .tune 6. At this meeting it is propos ed to make an appeal to the I'nited States government for aid in [♦hoot ing the hanks of the Arkansas river in order that the levees may not be en dangered. The hoard also decided to send tele crams to the Arkansas representatives :i eonvre-s, urging them to work for an api rupriation to bo used in buying seed for the farmers in the flood dis- | •riot. c. W. Watson, state agent In charge of the government farm de mons! ration work, who has Just re turned from a trip through the over- ; flowed area, told the hoard that the | far ers in this district are in abso lute need of seed and that some pro- j vision must he made to furnish it. ELECT AND ADJOURN Utility Officers Hold Annual State Convention. Lit tip Lock The fifth annual con- j vent ion of the Arkansas Association I of Public Utility Operators lias end- | od. While the choice of a city for j Hddit.it the 1013 convention was left to the members of the executive com mittee, it is probable Fort Smith will be se!*-< ted. it lies between that city and Hot Springs. The following officers to sorwe the coming year were elected shortly be bofe the convention adjourned: .1 W. Mei'oldon. Fayetteville, president; W c Maguire, Arkadelphia, first vice president; J. F. Christy, Jonesboro, second vice president; A. E. Mann. Hot Springs, third vice president; W j. Tharp. Little Hock, secretary and treasurer. An order of the county court of Lit tie River county granting a petition for the incorporation of ilie town of Winthrop. was filed with the secre i tary of state. Commission Is to Meet. The state board of election eommis sioners, compose^ of the governor, secretary of state and attorney gen oral, probably will meet during the first 10 days of July for the purpose if selecting the county boards of elcc uon commissioners. The law provides 1 >t the state board shall make thes< a Tions not more than 90 nor lest tiA 30 days before the general elec thl id It has been customary fo htl l to meet about 60 days b< fori lection. I BLOW 10 MECHANICS Parcels Post Bill Strikes at Home Working Man. TOWNS WOULD BE DESTROYED Effect of Parcels Post and Mail Order Houses on Foreign Countries—A j Situation That American Artisans I Should Fight Against—What About Your Boy’s Future. “How will the parcels post, if it be comes a law, affect me?” you ask. Suppose you are a stone mason or a cari>entcr or a man following any trade in the building line: you are a resident in a typical country tow n in an agricultural state; the parcels post becomes a law, thereby lending assist ance to the mail order houses, the fathers of the bill. The mail order evil is thus abetted and aided to be come a monster of even fiercer mien It has already been a blood sucker of your town business and a stumbling block to progress. It now becomes even more formidably so. The home merchant will be seriously crippled because the unthinking people of the community will send their money to the mail order houses in greater vol ume. No More work t-or you. The natural result to you will he this: the local merchant will become distressed; business will be bad, it will be bruited about on the street that the town is not. progressing. This will reach the ears of people who had intended to build; outsiders coming in will learn of the dissatisfaction and stagnation and will not purchase va cant property on which to erect homes; those who have homes will become dissatisfied and endeavor to sell them; what was once a busy little town in which you were kept employed will be a retrograding, half deserted hamlet, populated by a lot of dissatis fied souls who would go away if they could, but who are held by property interests from which they cannot re lease themselves. This is not a dream. It is an actu ality. I.et tne point you an exact proof. In the state of Iowa twenty five years ago there was a flourishing town of some 2,000 people with a healthy business. In the village was a mercantile firm that occupied a four-story block. Within was a model country store affording the people op portunity to buy almost anything they could desire. There was a large school building In Vernon, a newspa per, a postoflice, a library and the dozens of civic advantages that go to make a desirable residence location. And into this ideal country town there stalked the destroyer! A mail order house, one of the houses now fathering the parcels [>ost bill, found it advisable to go after Vernon’s business. Vultures follow (lock wise! What about Vernon today? The postoflice Is gone! Business has flown! The great store, occupying four i floors of a mammoth building, is a | thing of yesterday. All that remains is a small stock in a part of one of the lower floors of the structure! The ample school building is va cant. save one room where one school teacher is able to teach the few chil dren who patronize the school! Here is an apt example of ruin wrought by the mail order house, with out the aid of the parrels post! With the added advantage that will accrue to these vandals of trade, with the pas sage of this hill, what ran wo hope for the country town In years to come? Suppose you had been a carpenter or a mason in Vernon? Where would you be now? Who would build homes under such conditions as 1 have enum erated above ? It must appeal to you that a measure giving the mall order house an ad vantage over the country merchant will tear down the home town. The local lumberman who has been your friend, who has helped you figure on jobs and carried you financially until you could finish the jobs, will not be In existence when the mail order house aided by the parcels post has bad an opportunity to do its devastat ing work The town in which you live will lie dead and there will be little demand for building material or build er. What demand there is for lumber can be filled by the city wrecking house—and you In your general taxes, should you still eke out an existence in the town, will help pay the delivery bill. The deficit In the postoflice depart ment last year was very large, and should the parcels post become a law. what it will cost to transport eleven pound packages, not only by express but by rural delivery, where this has to ho done on horseback in the far country, is alarming to contemplate. The people will be taxed to pay the deficit. Let’s Go Slow on This. Wo Americana are given too much to hysteria. Wo want to change too frequently; we are like weather-vanes, shifting with each wind. We should be more conservative. Take your own case, for instance: you would be satis fied to continue living in the town in which you now reside. You have your home, and if you could be paid well for your work and have plenty of it. you could not justly find much fault with your location. Rut if the mail order house sap|>ed the vitality of the town and depreciated It until there were few people who desired to build homes, then you would be forced into the city. What would you do In the city with your large family to sup port? Can you look forward now and see your children in the sweatshops? Can you see yourself and your family living in a tenement surrounded by people of all nationalities, with habits and tastes far inferior to yours? Do you want to leave the free, open coun try, the flowers, the running brooks, the birds and all rural life means to you, to go into the squalor and filth and sorrow and disgrace of a great city? Do you want to ride ten and fifteen and twenty miles every morn ing to your work and back again at night? Do you want to feel the teeth of the cold, heartless, cruel life of the city? Do you want to live in a community where you do not know your nearest neighbors? Do you want to exist seltishly for yourself alone, where no one has any interest in you and where you are the merest iota in the great plan of things? What You Are at Home. Where you now live you are a factor in the community; you are respected and, if you are a square fellow, are looked up to by men who are worth more money than you. In the coun try we do not gauge every man by his bank account. He is what he is, be cause we have an opportunity to know his heart, to know what sort of a life he lives. In the city, men have little opportunity of getting close together. It is a struggle for the almighty dol lar. Men go down in the morning with an idea of taking away from some other fellow a necessary amount of money to run their families through the day It is a case of business riot from morning to night. "Would you take on this sort of a proposition and give lip the ideal life you live In the country where you are respected and loved; where you take part in the political affairs of the community and where the small boys look up to you as a good mechanic, a square man and a good citizen? Get Into the Fight. In your town there is not at the present time more work than there should he. Does it not stand to rea son that the mail order houses work ing under the proposed parcels post law will work an injury and make even less work for you? It is your duty as an American citizen who loves his family, his home and his fellow business man to stand with these, shoulder to shoulder, in this fight for preservation—a fight in which no man should enlist without a full under standing of the evil, and with no false notions of the enemy he has to com bat? The Bill Far Reaching in Evil. Too many people in talking about the parcels post evils refer to them only ns affecting the merchants The result of this is that the average in dividual disregards the merchant's po sition in the matter and announces that he will buy where he can buy for the smallest amount of money. Ho does not stop to realize that the busi ness of the merchant is an index to the entire community. If the mer chant is prosperous the people are prosperous and vice versa, parcels post refer to its workings in the old countries! But wait! Instead of this being an argument, for parcels post, it is exactly the re verse. What is the average small town in France, for instance? A hamlet of sordid, clod-like people who group themselves about a tavern and the government tobacconist who sells tobacco and stamps. They buy by mail Their very ignorance Is a biting reflection upon the parcels post. Their schools are a joke, their markets are beyond their reach, they have no gas, no electric light, no mod ern convenience of any sort. Would you raise your children amid such stultifying Influences? And yet this is exactly what the parcels jxist and mail order house will bring to America in time, if the people of the country towns do not arise and crush the evils. Sec Your Editor About It. Talk with your local editor about the situation. He will be posted. Work up a feeling against mail order houses and parcels post This is your tight. Ho not be afraid to go to tho war, just as your fathers have, in times gone by, and perhaps you your self did when your country called. All wars are not fought with powder and shell. Some wars, even fiercer than those where blood was shed through the avenues we naturally assoclato with war, have been quite as sangu inary. Tn my humble opinion, country life In the 1'nited States Is the more nat ural life, by far. It Is the life to bo most desired. If I were to have my way I would take the people out of the sordid, weakening, slavish life, the dirty, mocking, cold and cruel city and set them upon the land, around the villages of this country. 1 would make them happy, free and noble-— because 'he great stretches create freedom and nobility. I would make It possible for those now growing up to unhappy lives, possibly to criminal lives, to become free and independent citizens of representative American towns. I would give them work at reasonable wages, according them op portunities to have little homes, to rear families in God's pure air. I would tear down the cities instead of tearing down the country towns. I have lived in both, and I knov^ them both. I know the people of the country and the people of the city and I want to say to you that it will be a disastrous day for America when the country heart becomes the city heart, when the country desire becomes the city desire, when the country standard is trailed in the dust and the city standard carrier aloft. _ BYRON WILLIAMS, Si 515 PEOPLE Always Arouses More Enthusi asm Than Does the Army. ? ITS TROPHIES AT CAPITAL Long Tom With a Remarkable and Varied History Is Exhibited at the Navy Yard—Willow From Napoleon’s Grave. E3Y GEORGE CLINTON. Washington.—It has been remark ed often as a curious fact that the people of the United States who in a large sense are an absolutely non military body are yet in the main en thusiastic over the navy. Congress men say that a proposition to increase the number of battleships is sure of j great support from the country, while j a proposition to increase the army j would be in many places If not in most places vigorously opposed. Visitors to Washington show a greater interest in naval affairs than they do in army affairs. When they go to the state, war and navy building they flock to the places where models of battle ships are shown and where naval trophies are displayed and pay much less attention to the exhibit made by the army. The navy yard in Washington Is an object of interest to the thousands who come to the capital city in May. There are a good many trophies of battles won in the keeping of the navy yard. In the United States Military Academy on tlie Hudson river there Is a place set aside and known as Trophy Boint. There are exhibited many guns captured by the land forces in the dif ferent wars in which this country has been engaged. Trophy Point is one of the centers of interest at West Point and what is true there is true of the navy yard in Washington. Peo ple apparently like to look at things which show the prowess either on land or sea of the sailors and soldiers of their country, and yet truth coni|>els again the statement that the naval trophies attract the greater attention. Curious History of a Long Tom. in the navy yard there is a cast iron gun wtiich was made a century and a quarter ago. It belongs to the class called "Long Toms ” Tills gun once had a place on the French ship Noche, which was a vessel of a squad ron sent by France in the year 1795* with troops on hoard for the purpose of invading Ireland and helping the Irish people to win their independence from Great Britain. The British cap tured the warship and also the gun which is now at the navy yard In Washington. Once on a time the United States bonght some guns from England and this particular Long Tom which had done service on a French vessel and afterward on an English vessel, passed Into the possession of this country. It was mounted on board an American man-of-war and in one of the engage ments which our ships had with French ships at the close of the eight eenth century the Iyong Tom was used against a ship of the country which once owned It. In this fight a French shot struck the gun and dented iL hut did not put it entirely out of com mission. The United States government eon- | denined the Long Tom although It was 1 still serviceable and sold It to the Island of Haiti, which then was en gaged In a war on Its own account against the French nation. It was used by the Haytians and so at least twice In Its existence the gun was turned against Its first owners. Used In War of 1812. In some way today unknown, this gun was brought back to America and It was us< d on board an American brig, The Armstrong, which had a light with three British ships In the war of 1812. So It was that the Long Tom was used in service against Its second owner, Great Britain. It is now In the possession of the American author ities and it is presumed that no other nation will capture it or buy it to be used one day against its present own er, Uncle Sam It Is impossible to tell how many willow trees there are in the United States which are said to be grown from slips of the tree- planted at the head of the first grave of Napoleon on the Island of St Helena. One runs across them in ail parts of the country and some of them may he real slips of the famous trees, but the general be lief is that most of them are “c©<m(er felts.” There Is a willow tree In the Wash ington nary yard, however, which it Is known Is an offspring of the Napoleon willowr Commodore Main bridge, who | commanded the old Constitution and who was a famous naval officer in his i day, obtained a slip of the tree, j brought it to America and planted it with his own hands in the navy yard, where it has thrived and is today hale and hearty in Its willowy old age. Saving Historic Landmirks. A movement which 1ms obtained great impetus to make the eap ital more beautiful is no faster | on its way than the movement to pre serve landmarks of historic interest. Congress is taking a deep interest In the matter and has been spurred to it by the Influence of many of the pa triotic organisations of the country, organizations of all kinds from the Graud Army of the Republic to the Daughters of the/ Confederacy. It might be said than the Daughters of the American Revolution do sbout as much work in tills line of endeavor is aay oUiar twroiorganliatloua. There are in Washington msny women and men who make a study of the work of discovering objects which have historic interest and it is their endeavor to save them either by con gressional action or by private sub scription. They make use of the print ed material which the libraries afford and by reading old papers, magazines and documents they make many "finds" of value. Braddock's Rock Marked. Not long ago it was discovered that what is known as Braddock’s Rock was unmarked. This was the rock on which General Braddock landed at Georgetown when lie was on his way with George Washington as a lieuten ant overland to meet the French in western Pennsylvania, an expedition in which Braddock was defeated, the remnant of his forces being saved by the generalship of Washington. This rock has now been marked, an Inter est in its marking being taken by .Tames Bryce, the British ambassador, who was present on the occasion. as iasi as u ran do none, me oia houses which have historic interest are being marked -with bronze tablets bearing inscriptions to show in what their, chief interest, lies. It has been feared always that the needs of busi ness would make the destruction of old landmarks inevitable, but the Washington people who are interested in preservation matters seem to be just as much alive to the work as were the Boston people who insisted that the Old South church and the Old North church should be saved when it was proposed that they be demol ished to make room for commercial houses. It Is said that in Boston $250,000 was subscribed in twelve hours to be used to save the "Old South” where the fiery Otis preached resistance to tyranny. Famous Washington Churches. The most famous church in Wash ington is the ancient Saint John’s of the Protestant Episcopal communion, situated on Lafayette square. It Is an old building and long since its congregations have outgrown the edi fice, but there is no present intention of the parish authorities to move else where or to demolish the structure. St. John’s Is the church which Mrs. Taft attends and which was attended by Mrs. Roosevelt and, prior to the Roosevelt administration, by many presidents and their families. One of the oldest Roman Catholic churches in Washington was Saint Mathew’s, which was situated at Fif teenth and H streets. The congrega tion outgrew its quartern and after a good many heart-burnings and consid erable opposition the old building was given tip and a new one was built on Rhode Island avenue. The original property was sold and there now stands on its site a great structure known as the Southern buildings. In which are located the headquarters of the organization devoted to the devel opment of tlie natural and business resources of the southern states. There are other old edifices in Washington which have been written about time and again and probably the publicity lias helped In saving them from destruction, for Washing ton business men realize that the more attractions In a historic way the city has the greater will be the throng of visitors. Examples of old buildings which have been preserved by a popular sentiment are the homes of Commodore Decatur and of Mrs. Madison. The two*faiost prominent his torical houses In the vicinity of Wash ington of course will be preserved, If they can he, for all time. They are Washington's home at Mount Vernon and the home of the Custls and ldter of the I.ee family at Arlington. Many Contests to Be Settled. Politicians in Washington of both parties are looking forward with tho keenest interest to the forth coming meeting of the national com mittee of their parties, one of which Is to moeh in Chicago and tho other In Baltimore prior to tho assembling of tho great party conven tions The sharpest interest nt this writ ing centers In tho mooting of tne Ke publican national committee, solely for Iht) reason than it must pass judgr moiit upon a far greater number of contests than will bo presented for consideration to the committee of tho other party. The convention system ot selecting district delegates, amt state delegates, too, for that matter, which still prevails In most of the states—although It is likely to give way to a pure primary system before long—is held to be responsible for the many contests which, tho Kepubllcaa national coumilitteeimMi will have to decide. Ai.->r<Ung to the figures giv en out In Washington ther will he at least 150 delegates to thi conven tion whose seats will he contested. The greater number of contests prom ised will originate with Mr. Roose velt's lieutenants and the lesser num ber with Mr. Taft's lieutenants. Tilings may so frame themselves be tween now and tho meeting of the Republican committee in Chicago that no matter how tho contests are de cided they will have no effect on the nomination. Of course, when two chief candidates have anything like an equal following of delegates the decisions as regards tho contested seats may compass tho nomination of on© man and the defeat of the other, if either of the leading candidates for the Republican nomination shall have pledged to him or understood to he in his favor a great majority of the delegates he can perhaps afford to give all tho contested seats to his rival. It is Ukely, however, that at Chicago the decisions of the commit tee on the contested delegations may affect tho nomination result, and so it is that today in Washington, there is the keenest interest in what la §0* ing vo happen.