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WHAT TEE GERMAN
doctrine means Dangerous Element Carrying On Campaign on This Side of the Ocean. kultur boosters are busy united States Is Honeycombed with Kaiser’s Spies W'o Are Respon se for the Many Crimes Committed. BY EMERSON HOUGH. (From the Committee on Public In ' formation, Washington, D. C.) tht. tin.. the civil war I was „ 'very you - hoy, but I still retain a few memories of those days. I can rectill the figure of a major, later my Sabbath school teacher, lie wore a black hat with a gold cord, and car ried a very large and heavy sword. I nn recall sot , of the old fife-und jrutn iiniHe. I remember seeing the railway engine come in covered with crepe—the train which bore the news of the as- is-ination of President Lin coln. I can remember the fall of Richmond; my mother was ill in bed at that time, and I remember that she Nit up and pounded against the foot board of the fi"d with her two.hands, she wits so glad to believe that tlie end of the war was now at hand. I recall other and yet more somber scenes. My father was in the recruit ing serve a • titular lien. James 15. Try. I remem; r that during one of his visits hone' I saw him melting lead in the old bullet ladle in the kitchen gtove—he wt — running bullets for bis rifle. Two nion of the recruiting serv ice had loa n waylaid and killed by gples wltlpn the past week. It was thought that this next party from the department would also be waylaid. I can stilt remember the grim look on mv father’s face its he denned Ids rifle and ran the bullets for it. I believe I got them my first touch of real hatred for an enemy. I learned then that a spy was about ns bad as any creature it; tin* world ever could be. He hud killed without mercy. He was himself to b<> killed without mercy if need came for that. This country is honeycombed with German spies today. They tire worse than any spies that ever nested on this soil before. They do not lie low. They are a trifle exultant, a trifle con fident. They always have been bla tant, elutn-> awkward, from Beru storil and In crew on down. Time for Drastic Action. What ar - ■ doing to take cure of this dangerous ( lenient which is carry ing on the Gorman war campaign on this side of tlo' ocean? For a long ! time wo h o ivmulned as awkward. | as clumsy, -it'd as Mutant as they ■ thettiSclv. .. We have had before onr eyes nh- v. the somewhat snored image of ■ Atietlenn melting pot— GihI save t ark ! We have retained ♦he he|inf ii any man who kneeled down and d on shipboard wlteji he flr«t - Me Statue of Liberty—I believe tt ■■ the correct description of It—\v!i (tut* niiractiloits process atonepijin into an American. There h; - in on a certain pacifist sentitiii t i - a- stronger by a cer tnin politn ai fooling, wlilclt lias been ■ i'o the German ele Dtent to !o; ,pios or not spies. A great t | acefiil gentlemen littvo w o ou rht not to declare "’ar on a . ,a • in part owned by w'm,‘ °f r nr*—It might hurt ♦he feel in m a men. And has the alien not - 1 ' , fore the Justly eel -■ of Liberty In the nur M nliattan? Ami is he Dot, therefor an American? lien the Lusitania was mink I Mom iioinc with a newspaper 1 ■••t i y much a tremble my ""n seif ; t the thought of all those 11,11 es -it is a hiird thing n ie’k of i", '1 yet. We ought not, I ; ' 1 to mind that Lusl anl.i nteti i nick in Germany—ought Jl."t 1,1 r,'‘ ' many’s exaltation ov«>r • e 1 r of those little ones, suppose it -minds vengeful to say to wash that out deep and deep. s„ p , , 1IS th,.rc is any Ger rn'in of this . i ration left alive, hut do you really think that Ger indorse that deed? l>o 1 ' ti il; the Germans on this ♦hi* 01 v'a,,'r—11 k't'eat many of n, sympathize with Gei on" , n ' •" t ? Let me mention 0nH little fact : #.j,V"'' 1 ‘'' ooed Into the elevator (j|.1 1 d;iper in hand I showed ,v||(iPr' :" 1 " headlines to the man a , mg the elevator—he Is «.lh ' "i American, has been 1).1S z,,'i 1111 Amerjean citizen. tt|..nv' 1,1 ,ll,s country for a great «nrth.'"’n? '!">nks v‘*r.v good English. Dw'fnt " " V :M S held a quiet and ••v! S'.'rt ,,f ,nwn lines h'oklng jtt the heiul Vnt 'ns VIIphed, vosn’t dey? k made deni sail?” <v Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing. Atnetl,.!!," ' nint ,s that this Germnn Kttiser .. ?.r'"al,y thought that the print fi * ’ ,umny lmd the right to °D the i,! 1 in 11 Nt*'v York daily Ha,,ed* vnrn *** '"V°tRke to the hiph ^°Ught it lr ^”slnt’ss- He really kllliag tl> <!,‘n"un-v "as right in This „ »nd diililren. r abuse' IP'" a s"rva»t. I c-ould ply “ ,lor urgue with him. I .mil choked somewhat us T said If—“Tills will cost Germany the war!” lb' shook his head. I did not argue with him. You cannot tell what man is a spy today. You cannot tell the sort of clothes he will wear, what may be his rank or station in life, what may be his real ambition, ins real aim in life. ITp may speak German alone, or broken English, or many tongues flu ently. But—if any assurance be needed after the long list of incen diary tires, of incendiary explosions, of losses of ships, of buildings, ■ of manufacturing plants through the treachery of "German-Americans” liv ing this side the water—you may be sure of one thing: That same secret diplomacy, that same treachery, that same faithlessness, which broke open Russia for Germany and took Russia off the firing line for us; that same treachery which broke down the first Italian army at the Isonzo; that same German treacherous diplomacy which was undertaken at Washington; that same treachery of the German guest at the* American table which has marked that faithless nation all these years—that same unvarying principle, in the form of a practical German propaganda for the German cause, exists all through the United States today. The country is honeycombed with German spies. It is time wasted to have too much sympathy with them or those who back them and inspire them. Washington sent 1,200 alien enemies out of the city limits not long ago. In a Chicago court recently there were more than 100 alien enemies on trial at one time. These are men whom we may call bolshevik!- in America. They are doing all they cati to undermine this government. They are doing all they can here, there, and everywhere, in countless ways, in countless places, to kill the American enthusiasm for this war and the American con.idence in our ability to win this war. Those Worse Than Traitors. This propaganda is an enormous thing and a tremendously dangerous thing. Any man who countenances It, any man who apologizes for there trai tors, is himself worse than u traitor to his country today. He sides with the murderers of Innocent women and children. He indorses the German sub marine, the German bombing of non combatant towns, the use of liquid fire in war. and gas in war — all those abominable contrivances of cowardice with which Germany has attempted to impose her will upon the civilized por tion of tile world. v\ e Americans non t Know now many American troops there are on French soil today — hut Germany knows; he sure of that. There Is no great move made here, nor any small move of military preparation, which (lermany does not know as well ns we do, or hotter. There has never been in the history of the world so com plete a campaign of perfidy and treachery and underhanded faithless ness as Germany has shown to the civilized world in this war. Why be patient with It? Why not root it out? Why not call a spade a spade, n spy n spy? And why not give to the spies the things that we owe to spies? T have Tie.Trd the mayor of n very big city—and a mayor for more than one term, too—sit laughing at table and say, Just before one of Ills cam paigns, “What do I care for the Amer ican vote? To - with It! I wnnt the German vote!” Well, he got tbe German vote. Tie was elected, lie could be elected again by the German vote. But I fancy that by and In if is going to be the ques tion of a good many of our Knownoth ings. What is the American vote? Poes that ready need to include tbe spy vote? Depredations of Spies. America is being stabbed In tbe back all the time by traitors and by spies. It is not only tbe sort of routni neck spy who blows up a munition plant or wrecks a railroad train. It is the shrewder and more Machiavellian spy who attempts to wreak yet greater ruin on us by undermining our own national spirit, bv Instilling a feeling of distrust of the government, of the administration, of our army, of our country, of our alms and purposes in this war. Our aims and purposes in this war are ratified by practically the entire world outside of the central powers of Kurope. If we had no other reason In the world to go to war except tbe sinking of the Lusitania, that reason alone were reason enough. Tbe horrors of the German practices in France and Belgium are now being placed gingerly before our American readers. A few of the writing men of this country have had these facts In Incontestable form. Illustrated, proved, attested by chapter and verso and line and word any time these months and years. So far as these awful things can be put In print, and, so far ns the American people shall realize them, there will be enough even then to prove beyond a poradventure that never was any barbarity of the worst of savages committed In their Intens est frenzy of war, which paralleled for one moment tbe cold-blooded, de liberate campaign of barbarity prac ticed by the higher authorities of Ger many In this war. They parallel that by their practice In our own country. The campaign against spies impends. It will have to be started and finished some time In our history. I presume, perhaps, we may wait—perhaps, we may better wait a little while—until there has come our first terrible re verse across the sen. Then, methlnks, the slow, white heat of anger—of Just and unappeasable wrath—mny arise against the Copperheads of these years as It did against the Copper heads who fought behind the lines In our Inst other war for freedom. RUINED BY THEIR FREEDOM! Lesson to Be Drawn From the Actions of the Emancipated People of Athens. On u memorable occasion the assem bled Athenians declared it monstrous that they should he prevented fiotn do ing whatever they chose. No force that existed could restrain them; and they resolved that no duty should re strain them, and that they would lie hound by no laws that were not of tiieir own making, lu this way the emancipated people of Athens became a tryant ; and their government, the pioneer of European freedom, stands condemned with a terrible unanimity by all the wisest of the ancients. They ruined their city by attempting to con duct war by debate in the market place. Like the French republic, they ] >ut their sueresful commanders to dcatli. They treated their dependen cies witli such injustice that they lost their maritime empires. They plun dered the rich until the rich conspired with the public enemy, and they crown ed their guilt by the martyrdom of Socrates.—Lord Acton’s Essays. FRECKLES Now Is the Time to Get Rid of These Ugly Spots There’* no longer the sllghtert need of feeling ashamed of jour freckles, a* Othlne—double strength—1* guaranteed to rcuiovo these homely spot*. Klmply get au ounce of Othlne—double strength—from your druggist, and apply a little of It night and morning and you should soon nee ! that even the worst freckle* have begun to dis appear, while the lighter ones have vanished t»n tlrely. It la seldom that more than oup ounce Is needed to completely clear the akin and gain a beautiful clear complexion. IJe mire to ask for the double strength Oiblne. a^ thN la sold under guarantee of money back If It fulls to remove freckles.—Adv. Wet Pigeon Means Disaster. "The worst messenger that readies us,” the officer In charge of a French hydroplane station told a Morning Post special correspondent, "is when we get n drenched homing pigeon, and when we find on examining it there is no message tied to its leg. The ar rival of a drenched pigeon requires no great discernment for the interpreta tion s* its message. It mean’s *1 at one of our machines has fallen into the sea. and that the situation Is so des perate that the pilot lias hud no time to make a note of his whereabouts. 1 Tile drenched pigeon is a bird of evil omen." “HAS BEEN A 1 FRIEND TO ME’1 — Says Lady, Regarding Cardui, in Giving This Well-Known Wom an’s Tonic Credit for Her Good Health. Cleveland, Tonn. — Mrs. Joanna Felker, of this place, after telling of the help she obtained from the use of Cardui 12 years ago, when it built up her health and strength snys further: *> 4* *— “The next time I used it (Cardui) was about 4 or 5 years ago. I had . . . and was just able to drag around for a good while, getting worse all the time. I suffered intense pain in the lower abdomen and back . . . Could hardly do my work, it was all a drag . . . and walking was very painful for me. I finally had to give up and go to bed, where I stayed about a week . . , and then turned back to Cardui, my old friend. After starting the Cardui, I was able to be up in or 3 days . . . The pains were relieved soon after beginning to take the Cardui, and when I got up, walking was easy for me . . . Got back my health and strength . . . and in 3 weeks was able to do most of my work . . . It's a fine medicine, and has been a good friend to me, and 1 am a friend to it too. It's through taking Cardui I have been well and strong and in good health for the past 4 or ij years ... I will always praise it.” Cardui should do for you, what It has done for thousands of other worn- • en. It should help you. Try Cardui.— Adv. Too many of us look to the future mainly in the hope of striking a good average. ■ GROVE’S BABY BOWEL MEDICINE This valuable and harmless Baby Medicine is composed of the following: BISMUTH, LIME, PEPSIN AND CATECHU WITH PURE SIMPLE SYRUP Bismuth is healing to the mucous membrane of the stomach! the Lime neutralizes the acid where there is a sour stomach; the Pepsin digests any indigestible food that may be in the efomach, and the Catechu acts as a mild astringent i to control the bowels where there is a disposition to Dysentery, Diarrhoorv Flux or Sick Stomach. GROVE’S BABY BOWEL MEDICINE is not a patent medicine. We give the ingredients and tell the effect of each ingredient so that you can judge for yourself. SPECIAL NOTICE.—This preparation does not contain Morphine or Opium in any torru and we dout advocate the giving of Opiates unless it is absolutely necessary. RELIEVES For Dyspeptics who are AIDS SOUR STOMACH Troubled with Sour Stomach DIGESTION It Relieves Stomach and Bowel Trouble and is Just as Good for Adults as for Children We have numerous letters on file from parties claiming that this preparation relieved their babies of Chronic j Dysentery, where everything else had failed and where they had been troubled in this way for several years. Children like to take it For sale by all Dealers in Drugs. Made and recommended to the public by PARIS MEDICINE CO, Manufacturers of LAXATIVE BROMO QUININE and GROVE'S TASTELESS CHILL TONIC, St. Louis, Mu ! * ———„ AIRCRAFT HELP FIGHT U-BOATS Important Factor in Defeat of Submarine Drive. SPEED IS GREAT ADVANTAGE Seaplanes Battle Submarines, Detect Mines and Rescue Seamen—Co-op eration With Naval Vessels Robs German Campaign of Effectiveness —Stories of Daily Fights Would Make Thrilling Epic. “As everyone knows, nirmift are used for niiin.v purposes In this war, that must fumiliar to the public being the direction of artillery fire at tin1 front,” writes a special correspondent in tlie London Daily Telegraph. “This is one of the ways In which aircraft preserves human life, but fur more ex tensive In its consequences is the use of aircraft at scu to protect us from the submarine menace. Had it not been for the co-operation of our uir craft, the antisubmarine campaign would have been far less effective, the people of Great Britain and certain of her allies would have been faced with stififer rations, nml the central pow ers would have been unduly elated. “Here are a few figures relating to the work which naval aircraft per formed during the month of Septem ber, 1917. The total distance covered by the patrols was 170,000 miles, of which 90,000 miles was covered by sea planes and 80,000 miles by airships. On seven occasions ships which were being attacked by submarine sent SOS signals, which brought sea planes to their assistance In time to save them by compelling the itibmn rtnes to dive. Several hundreds of ■hips were convoyeiL speed a uig savanuge. “Unfortunately the number of sub marines attacked and destroyed by our aircraft cannot be published, but a few words may be said as to the method of attack. When a destroyer sights a submarine some five or six miles away, he goes full speed to the attack at about thirty miles an hour, so that the submarine has ten minutes or so in which to dive beyond the reach of the destroyer's depth charges. "But when a seaplane sights a sub marine at the same distnnce he tiies to the attack at anything from 80 to 100 miles an hour, so thnt the sub marine has only three or four min utes before bombs begin to fall around her. It must not be assumed, how ever, thnt destroyers have been super seded by the seaplanes as the enemy Violets and Thrift Stamps. Sergt. Leonard Crane of the Indian apolis police department was seated at the telephone desk til police head quarters when a tall came over the wire. — ■* "Yes. this is police headquarters," saiil the sergeant in response to a some w hat qna\ erlng inquiry. "We want to find out if we can sell violets in our neighborhood,” the voice went on. "What are you going to do with the money V” the sergeant inquired, vision lug a young girl at tlit* other end of the wire. Why. buy Thrift stamps, of course," [•ante the reply. "Well, go ahead and Hod bless you," Lie sergeant said. ‘■REALLY, NOW— "I ean't take that. 1 must have Red Cross Ball Blue. 1 have used it for more than ten years. My white dresses, linens and lace curtains are snowv white. I simply can't do with out Red Cross Ball Blue. You will got It? All right. I'll wait."—Adv. The Prize Pest. The idea of the prize pest of the uni verse Is the neighbor who buys a new motorcar every spring and then comes and takes you and your wife out riding In It ami makes your old one seem like a traction engine.—Brooklyn Eagle. Proof. First Amateur Hunter—Is Jagson a good shot? Second Amateur Hunter—He must be. He hasn’t killed a guide yet. of submarines. On the contrary, the I two very often work together, and | their co-operation usually spells disa“ ter tn the U-b<>llt. “The stories of these tights, which j are going on dally between seaplanes I and submarines, would make a thrill- i lug epic. Here Is one which happened ! recently: A seaplane sighted a Oer- j man submarine on the surface, flew directly over her before she had a chance to dive, and dropped a bomb on her tall which was seen to make a large hole in the deck. Immediately j afterward the seaplane pilot saw through the ndst three more Herman j submarines, In line abreast, followei by three Herman destroyers, and es corted by two Herman seaplanes. All! six vessels fired their antiaircraft1 guns at our seaplane but the Herman seaplanes dkl not attack because thej could not get through the barrage put up by the fire of their own destroyers Calls British Warships. "Our seaplane turned, dropped an other bomb on the wounded submarine saw her sink amidst a pool of oil, tr which fragments of her floated, am. then retired gracefully from an unequal contest, “This incessant and ruthless wnrfari against the U-boat by naval aircraft has been one of the main factors In de feating Germany’s alms and in saving tlw* people of this country from tin starvation which Germany has tried to inflict upon them. But out seaplanes save life In other ways. As already mentioned, their mere presenct has many times saved a merchant shi| when a submarine has been attacking it. Moreover, when tlie tragedy hits actually occurred and the torpedo 1ms found Its mark, it Is the seaplane which Is the first to see the shipwrecked crews in their boats, to send wireless messages for assistance and to direct the rescuers to the right spot. “It is thi* seaplane and the other air craft which first sight tin* deadly mine and so help the minesweepers In thelt task. In a word, it Is the naval air craft which has been, and is, saving the lives not only of those who traverse the sens, but of every man, woman and child tn the British isles, who oth erwise would he threatened with star vatlon. The strike at Coventry already has been a serious blow to the empire; a repetition there or elsewhere would be a disaster which cannot be contem plated, for the consequences would be so far-reaching that no one could prop erly estimate them. ‘ Without a constant stream or new aircraft to replace the Inevitable heavy wastage In machines the struggle ugainst the German submarines will be prolonged, food become dearer, and last, but not least, the lives of our sail ors exposed and In many cases need lessly lost. Tills Is a war necessitating complete co-operation of the whole of the British empire, and in the event of luck of aircraft the eyes of the navy will grow dim." CONSTIPATION IS HUMANITY’S GREATEST FOE, It is always a terror to old people and a menace at some time or another to evevy human being, young or old. It is the forerunner of more ills and suffering than almost any of NATURE’S DANGER SIGNALS and should never be allowed to go unheeded. At the very first indication of constipation get DR. TUTT’S LIVER PILLS which for 72 years has been successfully used for this most prevalent of all disorders. For sale by druggists and dealers everywhere. Dr. TiiH’s Liver Pills SOLO FOR 60 YEARS For MALARIA, CHILLS and FEVER Also a Fine General Strengthening Tonic. SOU) «T ALL DSUG ST9US. r " 1 .. .... .* ■ "1 Sapolio doing its work. Scouring for U.S.Marine Corps recruits. Join Now! APPLY AT ANY POST OFFICE I for Men k who wear * this emblem are U.S. MARINES | SERVICE UNDER THIS EMBLEM j PIONEER LIFE IN MISSOURI Was “Fine r Men and Dog*.'' but Undoubtedly Also Hard on the Women. “In Pioneer Families of Missouri," Is printed a letter written by a woman to her sister in Kentucky, the Kansas City Star says: “The men and dogs have a tine time, hut we poor women have to suffer. We pack water from one half mile to one mile fur cooking ami washing My nd vlce Is stay where you are. Hut If you see anyone coming to this country, send a plank cradle fur poor little Pat rick. Ills poor little hack is full of hard bumps, lying In a cradle George made out of a hollow log. with a piece af wood for a pillow. George and I at tended a wedding Inst week. The preacher, a hard-shell Hnpllst, had a long buckskin overcoat. The groom was in his shirt sleeves, with white •otton punts that came Just below his knees, and white cotton socks and ouckskln slippers on his feet. The girl was dressed In a low-necked, short waist ed. short-sleeved white cotton dress that was monstrous short for a girl like her. £he had on buckskin slippers and her hair was tied with a buckskin string, which Is all the go here. And when the preacher was spelling and rending the ceremony from the hook, the girl commenced sneezing ami the buckskin string slipped off her hair, which fell all over her face, and c crybody laughed." An early marriage ceremony In I.lv Ingston county took place with the coup'e on "one side of Medicine creek and Squire Jordan on the other side. The creek was booming. The young man swam the stream and brought the squire down from his house. Then the voting man swam hack and took his place beside the young woman. Squire Jordan couldn't swim. lie wanted to postpone the ceremony a few days un til the creek went down. The young folks wouldn't have It. They Joined hands and told the squire to go ahead. Tlif questions and answers were shout ed across tin- creek and the knot was fled. Medicine creek got Its nnme. ac cording to tradition, because a country doctor In trying to swim It lost his “pill hags." as they were called. Tiriilsh children nil ov<T the country wherever the chestnut tree grows an* gathering horse chestnuts ns told In the Christian Science Monitor. It la their particular contribution to the winning of the war, for ripe horso chestnuts have been discovered to pro vide a good substitute for the grain which Is used In the making of muni tions. It will he quite valuable serv ice, for the computation Is that every ton of chestnuts will suve hulf a ton of grain. The gathering Is organized by committees In connection with the schools, ami woods and lanes see bands of young patriots enjoying their “war work" hugely.