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Take Care o! the Home Orchard ! by ( E. J. Watson, Agricultural Agent Prescott & North- j western Railroad. 1 \W nre interested >n the preserva tion of our home orchards and shade trees. During the past several years, (lie home orchard lias been sadly lie gleetimI in this community, and as the situation stands today, most of th imine orchards are in a state of decay our local supply of good, fresh fruit is rapidly diminishing, and unless pro per remedial measures are undertaken by our farmers and city-dwellers, the time will soon come when we will livae no more fruit. This is also true of many of our shade trees in town and country places. Tills condition is due almost entirely to the ravages of insect enemies, is pecially the San Jose scale. This is the most deadly enemy known to tie* culture of orchard fruits, particularly the apple, peach. plum. pear and cherry: in fact, about the only fruit we have of importance that is not sub ject to its attacks, is the grape. The Can Jose scale has a very wide and general distribution, and it is now abundant in practically every orchard in this sect "on. and it has been here | for years, doing a great deal of dam age that has been attributed to other j cnnsi’s. If left uncontrolled, it will I kill completely every tree in the or chard subject to its attack, within two years. When we consider how easy n s to rid our orchards of this pest, and to keep them free of it. and likewise our shade trees (the maples, which are subject to its attack I, we cannot help but wonder at the Indifference and carelessness of our farmers in regard to this, and other matetrs vital to the well being of our rural and urban interests. Many of our people have either treated with indifference, whol ly neglected or entirely failed to take advantage of the absolutely reliable and free results of the work of our agricultural experiment stations and agricultural colleges As far back as 2d years ago. the San Jose scale was the subject of exhaustive investigation and complete and reliable methods for ils control were worked out and dis tributed broadcast to our farming population, yet today we find many people entirely ignorant of the means of combatting it. and many others who seemingly do not care whether it k Ils their fruit trees or not. Yet everybody wants fruit, and we cannot very well get along without a supply of fresh fru ts. especial 1.x during summer time, flood fruit is something worth while. , it is one of the luxuries that everybody on the farm and in the city can enioy at a very moderate cost, yet like all good things it does not come to ns | without am effort on our part, and , we might inst n~ well make up our j minds that if we ever enjoy good fruit, w emust pay the price for it. hut un- I like many other things we buy, the i pi ce is not \cry expensive. The time to rid our orchards of this pis* js during the winter season, from about the tlrst of IVeember to Fob ruary loth, when the trees are almost completely dormant and bare of fol iage The standard treatment for our trees to destroy the San .lose scale, ami the one almost universally cm ployed, is the lime sulphur wash. As stated .above, this is appluxl wide the trees are dormant, for the reason that a strength sufficient to kill the scale cannot be used while the trees are in a tender and growing condition with out cans ng very great injury, if not death, to the trees. However, no harm results to the trees when dormant, even though the wash should be ap plied at a stronger ratio than usf ticient only to kill the scale. Tin* lime-sulphur wash is now a commercial product, put up in con venient packages, according to the strictest government standards, and it may be purchased through local drug gists, or direct from wholesale dealers in any quantity desired : or it may be prepared at home. It is just a little difficult, however, to prepare an abso lutely accurate mixture at home, and the owners of small orchards will find it much more convenient to use the manufactured, or commercial mixture. The commercial orchardists as a rule have their own mixing plants and pur chase the mater'als at wholesale prices in quantity. The commercial orchard - ist lias to wage a constant tight against this pest, otherwise we would soon be put out of business. The home orchard ist. nr those who have small commer I I i i:il orchard-, will have to adopt a like practice, or discontinue fruit growing, i The first requisite in combating the ■ 1 San .fose scale is a good spray pump. For only a few trees, a bucket puinp will do. but for a considerable number of bearing free-, say from fifty to two hundred or more, a large barrel pump, drawn by horse power will bo needed: in other words, the capacity of the •spraying outfit will depend on the size of the orchard to be treated. At any rate, a good spray pump should be a part of the equipment on every farm where fruit is grown. The commercial lime sulphur is pre pared ready for immediate use. with the exception of a thorough stirring before mixing for use on the trees: and it will keep indefinitely, and is not con sidered poisonous to human beings or live stock. Complete directions for use an* given with every package of, the commercial lime-sulphur on the , markets. These directions are usually j one part of the solution to eight or nine parts of water, but on old peach and apple frees, where the infestation of scale is heavy, and immediate re suits are urgent, the solution might be made stronger, or say one part of the | solution to six parts of water When ! the solution is thoroughly mixed with ^ cold water it is ready for use. It is always best to give the trees a then"- -h niaining before spraying, taking care to burn immediately all the brush removed from the trees, and all dead or worthless trees should be removed at the same time and burned. Th'* pruning is not only ben ticial to the trees, but time is saved and much spray material conserved. Those who wish to prepare their mixture at home should apply to their county agent, the agricultural college, or their local instructor in agroulture for directions. \SK ITMtS TO KKI’AIK OIJ) STATE IIOI'SE T<> tin* public of the state of Arkansas: The Trustees of the Arkansas State War norial charged with tin* duty <d- the preservation and rcpa'r of the old state lion e and grounds taks Ibis method of appealing to the people of the state of Arkansas for funds to carry on the work to be raised by popular subscript ion. A very great work has already been .accomplished in the preservation and repair of the building and grounds, but very much remains to be (bun* to properly accomplish the object for which no funds at present exist. We request newspapers in till parts of the state to take subscriptions through their columns and all sums subscribed should be sent to the treasurer of the board. Miss Marx II McCabe. Little Keck. Ark. Signed. I! W Croon. ITesdcnt. Marx II McCabe, Treasurer, l ay Hempstead. Secretary. Mrs. T 11 Crawford. I toy Wood Mrs .1 I Moore A S Fowler. o- - Wil l, SKAIU II Al l, SHIPS New York. Nov. 'J7 Kvery vessel entering New York lmrbor front for eign ports will be met hereafter by a reception committee detailed from customs headquarter, which will make a thorough search for contra band liquor before tin* passengers are permitted to land. This line of action has been decided upon by government officials as a re sult of the recent tincovering of an til i leged whiskey ring in which employes | of steamships and passengers, work ing with bootleggers on land, were smuggling large quantities of liquor into the country. Their activities were made possible, it is said, by the lapse of time of from one to two days be tween the vessel's arrival and the search by customs officials. Today the gang plank of the steam ship Lapland of the Ited Star line was hardly down before a “hootch squad" was on board the vessel search ing the ship from the captain's cabin to the smallest compartment. No liquor was found. Subscribe for the Picayune. WEEKLY REVIEW OF THE COTTON TRADE Col on Closes 10 (o 00 Points 1'p, \fter Coining loft Points Earlier in the Week. New Orleans. N'ov. 27 While the (■niton market stood at an advance over the close of the precced mg wee!; throughout the week jnst mill ed there were reactions during the last two sessions which wiped out a good part of the gains established in the earlier sessions. At the highest of the week prices were 147 to 1(11 points up. while the close showed gains of only .40 to tin points. 1 >e eemher traded tip to 17.si2 and closed at 10.70. First December notices caused considerable liquidation of the long interest at the end of the week and 1'ipiidation more than anything else was responsible for the reac tions. In the spot department mid dling gained 75 points in the net re sults. closing at 17.25 against 15.on emits a year ago. Buying of the early part of the week was done on improvement in the spot situation, apparently due to a demand consequent upon the tilling of December commitment and on the favorable construction placed on the giuing tigures from the Census Bureau which made the total output to the 14th of November 7.270.575 hales, in dieating production during the fifth ginirng period of only (110.7X5 hales against 1.40(1.000 the same period last year and 1.145.540 during the fourth period this year. While the figures were quite generally accepted as con finning imp ideas ot around s.ontt.ooo bales, smli a yield no longer is looked ■ pon as a boa r a rgument. Some of the improvement in tin spot demand was -a d to be due to purchases by Liverpool, supposed to tin- result of improvement in Man cluster owing to tin- breaking up of the tihundi boycott in India. I’ri vate cablegrams claimed that huge orders were piling up in Manchester for Indi account and Lancashire spinners turned down the proposition to go on organized half time. <1‘» per cent of the siiinners voting against it. acording to dispni-lies which readied this market. I’ink boll worm new- caused more or less of the buying in the contract market, private telegrams, from points in Texas stating that the worm had appeared in live counties and claiming that extensive <|uarantine measures would probably be found necessary to keep the pest within bounds. The fear in the market was that further re strictions in important Texas because of the pest would result in a material decrease in the acreage next spring. < l SLUMP OF BILLION IN FEDERAL TAXES Receipts During Fiscal Year 1921 Decrease Heavily. Rut Costs \rc Higher. Washington. Xnv. 27 -Tax meipts of tin* government during the fiscal year 1021 decreased nearly a billion dollars, compared with the previous year, while the cost of collection in creased 02 cents for each $100. ac cording to the annual report of the Bureau of Internal Revenue, made public tonight by Comm -sioncr Blair. I'ollcctions by the bureau during the past fiscal year totaled $4,505,000. 705 against $5. to7.5so.251 for the fiscal year ended .Tune 30. 1020. a decrease of $$12,570,480. or 15 per cent. The cost of administering the in ternal revenue laws for the year the report said, was $40,203,710. or $7 cents for each $100 collected, com pared with 55 cent* for the preceding yea r Included in the expenditures how ever, was $0,800,407 for the adminis (ration of the prohibition and narcotv laws, and $130,000 for the enforcement of the child luborlaw. which deducted from the total, leaves $33,174,300. or an equivalent of 72 cents for each $100 in taxes collected. < M the total taxes collected during the past year income and profits taxes a gg regated $3,22$, 137.073. com pa red with $3,050,030,003 in 1020. and mis cellaneous collections totaled $1,300. 803.001. against $1,450,044.24$ in 1020. The l^tss in Revenue The principal decreases in these taxes were: < >u alcoholic liquors. $57,247,720; to bacco manufactures. $40.580,000; ex cise tax. $38,538,121 : corporation cap ital stock. $11.40-1,707 and stamp taxes. $11,870,813. ;Mi*.r*,- .a.... -. , -•mm .. I « _ <j -New Fall Goods-! 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