OCR Interpretation

The Nevada County picayune. (Prescott, Ark.) 190?-current, October 19, 1922, Image 2

Image and text provided by Arkansas State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90050306/1922-10-19/ed-1/seq-2/

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A mi11ion men
nave turned to
One Eleven
—a firm verdict for
superior quality.
V .
15, 10.
A great event for the immediate
future of the state of Arkansas has
occurred during the past week in the
submission to the State Educational
Commission of the report of the School
Survey. A hasty examination of the
digest of this 'report, which is all that
is available at present, suggests that
Governor McRae is fully justified in
characterizing it as the most signifi
cant public document of the decade and
by Chairman W. It. Mann as a program
which will effect progress in Arkansas
for tifty years to come.
In brief, the survey proposes that
the Stale of Arkansas shall undertake
by means of a carefully nrtieulated ten
years program to bring educational
facilities and opportunities up to the
average of conditions as they exist
in the 4S states. In view of the back
ward conditions wh eh the Survey ox
ports found in our school system, the
proposal that we raise our standards
to the equivalent of average conditions
for the United States is in fact an
enormous undertaking. It will require
t tmt Arkansas provide for current ex
penditures alone $‘J.30 for every $1.00
which is now provided, and to provide
approximately $50,000,000 for new
school property.
As rmmnissioner Tigert writes, in
transmitting his report to the Arkan
sas Educational Commission. "The
facts brought together by the Survey
appear to me to be irreputahle, the
reasoning and conclusions are convinc
ing and I believe the proposed program
for the public education in Arkansas
will appeal to the imagination as well
as to the pride of the citizens of your
great state."
It appears also that this program
has the additional merit of being in
telligible to the man on the street; it
can be stated concisely; it formulates
a specific goal to be aimed at; and
Since it will undoubtedly require heroic
efforts, it furnishes a genuine task to
Ik> ach eved
The Survey Report shows clearly
that under existing conditions which
places the great burden of the support
of public schools upon local districts,
it will never be possible to have good
nmmmmirm iiiiiiimumnmii
Nifty Fall Suits and
Stylo is not the only thing that appeals to Prescott
people. They must have quality along with style or
they will not buy.
is what wo offer you in these nifty fall and winter
suits for mon, women, misses and children. You will
go a long way and pay a high price before you get
anything to equal what wo are offering you at specially
reduced cost.
It is time to look them over, and admire them, and
decide which best suits your particular personality
and taste. The stock is so large and varied that any
one can be readily fitted and suited down to the most
minute detail.
Also our large stock of newest dress goods will
interest you.
schools in Arkansas. It therefore rec
ommends the adoption of the county
unit of administration and support.
Furthermore, because of the wide
var ations in financial ability among
the counties, it is proposed to place
upon the state the responsibility for
equalizing educational facilities, op
portunities and school tax burdens ;
throughout the state.
A reorganized State Board of Edu
cation is to be given author ty to lix
minimum standards, and to distribute
state aid on a more liberal basis than
hitherto to those counties which meet
these standards,
The report emphasizes the fact that
the present basis of apportionment, by
number of children of school ages, is
’’nequltable and n fact penalizes the
district which attempts to maintain
good sehols by sending large propor
tions of its children and youth to
school. The survey recommends that
school funds be apportioned on the
basis of salaries paid to teachers, ■
which constitute approximately <»09e
of the total school expenditures. It is
proposed that salaries of superintend
ents, supervisors, principals and teach
ers be paid from state funds, and that
the expense of buildings, sites and j
maintenance be met from county reven- .
ups. It is proposed mar salaries op;
based definitely on professional (jualifi- 1
cations for tin* work to be performed, j
and that the state Ifoard of Educa
tion prescribe miirmum qualifications 1
for various types of positions. These
provisions are to bo accompanied by
graduated minimum salary scales and
a closely related plan for certification
of teachers and other employes.
li is proposed that the reorganized
State Hoard of Education shall la* i
•■harped with tin* responsibility for till
elementary and secondary schools ol
tin* state, the State Normal schools and 1
the four Distric Agricultural Schools.
The State Board of Education should
also appoint the State Superintendent
of Public Instruction, thus removing
this important off ce from politics.
The desired improvements in public ;
education in Arkansas cannot possibly
be brought about i uder existing ad
ministrative arrangements. The first
serious defect is found in the large
number of unrelated hoards, the State
Hoard of Education, so called: the (
Hoard of Trustees for the State I’m - 1
versity : the Hoard of Trustees for the
State Normal Pol lege: four separate
Hoards of Trustees for the four Agr -
cultural Schools and the State Text j
Hook Commission. The composition ot
these hoards is the second source of
inefficiency. Sound principles of ad
ministration demand an equal division
of respons bilit.v between Boards of J
Trustees and the expert executives and
subordinates employed by. them. For j
example, five members of the State
Hoard of Education and educators who
meet in one room as experts in (barge
of various phases of the educational
program, and then meet in another
room as the State Board of Education,
theoretically representing the citizens
of the state, to pass upon the propriety
of their acts as superintendents of
schools, and so on.
r.ilural ion lor ifunu i-iie r.mpnsMuzeu
The Report lays special stress upon
the nei><l of developing the type of
education better adapted to the needs
of rural communities, important ele
ments in which will he training for
agriculture and home muk ng. The
survey points out that the State of
Arkansas instead of mninta ning
schools of this type in four isolated
centers as District Agricultural Schools
should he maintaining such schools in
every part of the state, thereby bring
ing these facilities with n the reach
of practically every home, and pro
viding what has been ins sted upon by
the educational leaders of Arkansas
for an equal opportunity for every
hoy and girl in the state The Survey
i outlines a carefully articulated ten
years program calling for thecstabl sh
meat of county schools in which train
ing for agriculture and home making
w 11 he emphasized in tit least sixty
of the seventy five counties Arkan
-as ranks almost last among the -18
states with regard to provision made
for high schools Less than 14% of
hoys and g rls of high school ages in
Arkansas are in high schol and un
doubtedly the proportion in rurnl dis
tricts is much lower than this. The
county unit of administration and sup
port will make possible an equaliza- !
tion of burdens, and w 11 pave the way
for bringing better schols into the open
country. The Survey Report calls
especial attention to the fact that con
ditions in Arkansas are favorable to
the development of school consolidation
as one of the solutions of the problem
of education in sparsely settled dis
We can show you a complete line of Dry
Goods—all new, Ginghams, Devonshires,
Serges, etc., and Shoes—the same Depend
able kind you have always bought here,
Dress, Work or School wear. Believe you
will find what you want here, and will he
glad to show them to you. Come in.
tricts. Many sections of the state
were found in which the numbers of
children living within convenient dis
tances make consolidation not only
practicable but desirable. The pro
gram of good roads development on
which the state is now embarked will
be an important factor in this move
Higher Standards Needed
The Survey calls attention to the
extremely low standards of education
and professional training among the
teachers in the rural schools. Of the
rural teachers reporting, have had
nothing more than common school edu
cation: less than one fourth had finish
ed Irgh school: less than one-fifth had
had any normal training. Experience
in other states indicates that the best
way to secure an adequate teaching
supply is to require candidates for
cert ilieat ion, gradually increasing
academic and professional qualifies
tions. The survey proposes a ten years
program of gradually mreasing re
qu rements, so that by 1 D.'lli no one will
be permitted to teach in an elementary
school in Arkansas who has not had
four years of high school and in ad
dition two years of professional prep
aration in a normal school. If this
plan he made effective, the state will
be justitied in providing a salary
schedule representing lietter compensa
t on for hotter services. A sad condi
tion of affairs was found as regards
enrollment of pupils, attendance, and
length of school term. In only one or
two states in the Union are conditions
so had In one typical county 22 of
the 32 schools have a term of 60 days
or less. A study of 42/(84 white pupils
in more than 1000 rural schools show
ed that more than half of all the chil
dren are above the normal ages for
the grades in which they are enrolled.
That is, they are repeaters for whose
education tax payers are charged two
or three or more times. A careful
study shows that in the 1080 schools
report;ng, there should he approxima
tely 24,000 pupils in the first and six
grades, on the basis of normal ages;
instead there are 3"*,882, an excess of
nearly 12.000. This shows clearly that
these schools are handicapped by du
plication of effort to the extent of
nearh one tljird. due to the piling up
of children in these grades by reason
of the failure of promotion
In presenting the report to the Gov
ernor and the Comm ssion the Director
of the Survey emphasized the fact that
this investigation was wholely imper
sonal and was actuated from beginning
to end by a desire to do something to
improve educational conditions for boys
and girls of Arkansas as its chief con
troll ng motive. The survey staff con
sisted of 16 experts drawn from im
portant positions in 7 widely separated
states working in cooperation with
and under the direction of the U. 8.
Commissioner of Education. Dr. Wm.
T. P.awden, ass’t., to the Commissioner
was in immediate charge.
Impudent employes keep down the
dividends more than hard times.
* o
A woman's face often tells what
sort of a husband she lias.
The more a man knows, the less he
has to say about it.
Just a
Word in
about our new line of
Let us introduce you to
some pretty new things in
Millinery and Ready-to*
the same kind
that we eat.
That is the best reason
in the world why y°u
should trade at this store.

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