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«ASHDOWN WtUCEMYCU.* ' V B A A W T ^ ___ t ASHDOWN GROCERY CO.t t The Cheapest and Best X I ■ -d| ^P*^" ■ . I I JT CJf * You SaTe 5 Fcr Cent * *yft Ptaee In Town to Buy t I /■ I ■ I I * if yo“ buy *or CASH $ Yonr «reeeries.**v* * ~ 'W ^ ■ ■ . M ,M B**4 X ^ ▼▼ * ,rom u8*F,,one 124. t t A4HDOWN GROCERY CO. J m> ^ M. B* W-»> ~ _ t ASHDOWN GROCERY CO.t ^MHHi.|i;'/' ••■ / SEMI-WEEKLY _ — _•_ ^;:_ j__ _ _ _ _._v_«v______ GRAVES & GRAVES, Editor*. ASHDOWN, LITTLE RIVER COUNTY, ARKANSAS. Wednesday, July si. ms. VOLUME XX. number 65. -—--—————^Mi^^—■—■——— TURKEY SEVERS RELA- i TIONS WITH BERLIN Correspondent at Copenhagen Says In formation Is Reliable—No Rea son Is Given—Report Is Not Confirmed London, July 29.—‘The relations between Germany and Ttfrkey haye been severed, according to direct in formation from Constantinople.” This announcement is made by the Copenhagen correspondent of the Ex change Telegraph Company. While there is no confirmation of the report, rumors have been current for some time that bad feeling existed between Turkey on the one side and ^Bulgaria and Germany on the other, owing to the cession of the Dobrudja region of Rumania to Bulgaria;. The excitement against Germany the advices further say, his been growing, particularly after last Week’s events. The Germans recent ly demanded the cruiser Hamidieh, the only large ship then in possession of Turkey, as compensation for the Breslau, "the dormer German cruiser which was destroyed in the Darda nelles while under the Turkish flag. • Despite Turkey’s protest the Hami dieh has departed for Sebastopol with the German flag flying. • Officials Not Surprised. Washington, July 29.—While no of ficial notice of the breach of rela tions between Turkey and Germany —or rather the centr’d powers, for without doubt Austria is involved with Germany in the dispute with the Ottoman government—has reach ed Washington, officials expressed lit tle surprise tonight at the Copenha gen news received from London, say ing that Germany and Turkey had severed relations. In official circles here for some time past it has been reaTfzed that in her efforts to serve both Turkey and Bulgaria in the di vision of spoils resulting from the enforced treaty . with Rumania, Ger many had incurred the ill will ot both her allies. Following the Conclusion of the peace treaty with Uumanla at Jas sy, both Turkey and Bulgaria claim ed much of the territory which Ru mania had been iorced to cede to her enemies. Included in these claims was the title to the railway running from Adrianople to Deadeagatch and this became the source of the great est contention between the two al lied nations. Germany for some time endeavored tq induce the two coun tries to settle this dispute amicabiy by suggesting that the nation which j failed to obtain the railway should receive other compensation. Situation Complicated. There was doubt here whether severance of relations, even if actual ly brou^it about, would be perma nent. It is believed that Germany will undertake to deal sternly with Turkey and through the thousands of German agents situated throughout the country will seek to displace the Young Turks party and install some faction which can be depended upon to obey the mandates of the central powers. (The Turkish army is officered al most entirely by Germans, and while the Turkish diplomatic authori ties might sever relations with Ger many, the army wbuld remain thor oughly Ger/nan. -—W.S.S.— W. W. Thornton returned from Con way Saturday where he is superin tendent of an oi! mill, and will move his family there the first of this week. -W.S.S.— ! Belgian Relief. J The ladies and others who are ex . peeting to contribute articles to the : Belgian Telief are requested to bring them to the Red Cross sewing room before Friday o: this week. This i3 important. HUNS STILL RETREAT; HAVE ESCAPED TRAP Allied Advanced Slowed but Not Yet Halted—Teutons Paying Heavily, lVIth Pursuers on Their Heels London, July 29.—Although the Ger mans have powerfully strengthened I their battle line salient with additional | fresh reserves, running across the Soissons-Rheims, and have stubbornly ; disputed further passage northward to f the entente allied troops, the enemy | front has been^ompelled to bend back appreciably on all sides of the salient, except at the'anchor points resting immediately on Soissons and Rheims., South of Soissons further wedges | have been driven eastward into the , enemy front down to the Ourcq river. i Eastward along the Ourcq French and , American troops have crossed the stream at various point3 and advanc- i ed their line well to the northward, while southwest of Rheims the allies have debouched from the wooded sec tors and gained the plains despite the violence of the enemy’s counter-ma neuver. At some points the Germans succeeded somewhat in checking the forward moveipent, but nowhere were they able to bring it to a standstill. Retirement Orderly. The retirement of the Germans still remains orderly, but everywhere the allied troops and especially the Amer icans near Fere-en-Tardenols are 1 pressing them hard. Particularly bit ! ter fighting has taken place around Fere-en-Tardenois and at Sergy, both | of which towns are now well in the j hands of the French and Americans. I At Sergy the Germans paid the Amer icans the compliment of reinforcing their battl? line with two divisions of well-tried Bavarian troops, men whose courage previously has been ■tested when the tide of battle was 'going against the Germans. It was v « *' W Let the Depth of Your | Pocket Show the Depth j of Your Patriotism! 1 Now is the time for ACTION, not werds! Our boys are in the thick of the fighting, and we MUST back them up. m Every American citizen who has he true red biood of patriotism in his * 1 veins WILL do his share. To shirk new would brand you with disloyalty I forever. * Back up cur fighting men. Buy War Savings‘Stamps, issued by the | United States Government to help finance the war. They insure needed 3 food and equipment for our armies, and they insure you the safest invest ment in the world. BUY ALL YOU CAN. 1 * j • • 1 Buy War Savings ' 1 J Stamps! 9 This soace contributed for *9 X- the Winning of the War bv f ; I dr. w. W. YORK an effort either to destroy the'Amer icans or to herd them back across the Ourcq.. The effort failed. The battle line shitted back and forth and Sergy changed hands four times, but the Americans proved to he the masters of the picked enemy troops and finally drove them out and retained the village. 'Heavy casual ties were inflicted on the Germans. Fighting Is Fierce. The fighting In Fere-en-Tardenois also was bloody. The opposing forces fought in close contract through the streets of the town, but with the Ger mans being gradually driven back un der the machine gun and rifle fire of the French and Americans or left wel tering in their blood from contact with the steel of the allied bayonets. Immediately south of Soissons, on the western edge of the salient, the Germans strove heroically to hold back their enemies in order to pre vent the further flanking of Soissons and the possible cutting off of largo, forces of their men fighting along the Ourcq south of OuIchy-le-Cha teau. Scottish troops, however, cap tured positions in the outskirts of Buzancy, just west of the Soissoas Chateau IThierry road," while further south the French overcame resistance, crossed the high road, and took Grand Rozoy and Cugny and the Butte Chal mont. British llarrass Foe. Southeast of Soisson3, well Inside the salient and at present far outside the immediate battle zone, various towns and villages along the Sois sons-Oi heims railroad are said to be in flames. This seemingly would Indi cate that the retirement of the Ger mans from the big pocket will proceed still further northward before they intend to halt, face about and give battle to the allied troops along a chosen line. If the retreat on ilie west ! is to be carried beyond the Soissons F'ismes line, it seems highly probable that it is the intention of the German: ft) make their stand from Sois sons eastward along the Aisne to the ! Vesle river, and thence southeastward to Rheims. | British troops on various sectors in F'rance and Flanders continue theii harassing tactics against the German front. Near Mori incourt, in the .Amiens sector, the Australians have , taken several lines of trenches, cap tured a fairly large number of pris oners, and inflicted heavy losses or ; the enemy during counter-attacks | near Gavrelle, which lies southeast j of Arrjs, Canadian contingents like j wise have carried out a successful j enterprise and taken prisoners. -W.S.S. AGE LIMIT IS RAISED Men Up to 40 Can Now Enlist in American Navy. Washington, July 28.—The Bureau of Navigation of the Navy Depart ment today issued rulings raising the age limit for enlisted men from 36 to 40 years and giving permis sion to all navy recruiting stations to accept enlistments in unlimited number. The two rulings are design ed to insure a continuance of the present rate' of enlistments following the order issued yesterday by Provost Marshal General Crowder instructing dralt boards not to release men in Class 1 for enlistment in the navy or Marine Corps. -—w.s.s. U. S. FIGHTERS IN ITALY Big Body of Soldiers Cause Great Cral iiieation to the People. With the American Army on the Italian Front, July 27.—American troops are now on the Italian front. fThey began arriving this morning. They are being billeted with the Ital ians. Hereto:ore the only combatant American troops were aviators, and the appearance of this large body of fighting men from the United States at the present moment has occasioned the greatest satisfaction. Maj. Gen. Eben Swift of the Amer ican Military Mission to Italy, was the #rst to greet the newly arrived Americans. He ha,d already made ar rangements for their comfort. The Italians greeted them with enthusiasm and rejoiced at the.splendid physical conditions which the American sol diers showed. The Italians appeared greatly astonished when the overseas men Immediately sought out a* bathing place and then started several genes of baaebal. ^ ^ ^ FOE’S RETREAT IS PRE* , CIPITATE ALONG MARNE1 Germans Fall Back Several Miles at Some Places—On Eastern Win* -Teutons' Guns Cheek French Advance. With the French’ Arccje3 ou the Marne-Aiane Front, July 28.—The re treat of the German crown prince a forces along the whole Marne front j has*reached a more precipitate phase. At some places the Germans have lal len back for a -distance o; several miles. French and 'American troops are hammering, at both flanks.. Entente, ailed patrols pushing ever forward have reached the southern bank oi tb.e river Ourcq. This morn ing was, extremely quiet along the cen ter of the salient where the Germans are not offering great opposition. On both wrings, however, the great est activity prevails. The enemy ha3 ws3e/l many heavy guns to the North of Soissons on the heights around Juvigny Chavigny, whence they bom bard with an enfilading fire the Western wiug as far South as Oulchy le-Chateau. Notwithstanding this bombardment the allies in the Oulchy le-Chateau region are making some progress, although they are faced by the Germans’ best divisions and the concentrated fire ot numerous ma cine guns. Huns Hinder Allies. On the eastern wing the Rites grad ually are obtaining command of the ! road leading from Dormans to Rheims. On this side also the Germans have as sembled a great amount of rtillery in the neighborhood of St. Thierry northwest ot Rheims. These guns cover the German le.t flank a:nd con stantly make the progress slower for the allies . Cavalry and tanks in considerable numbers have succeeded in getting in among the retiring Germans, while airplanes are bombarding their col umns on the march. The incessant smashing blows night and day of the gigantic and day of the entente allies left the enemy nothing else to do but to retreat or die in his positions. Even their sudden retirement has not re lieved the Germans from constant har rying. In addition to the slashing of car airy and the pounding of the tanks ■Ihe lives of the Germans rear guards are being made precarious by entente infantry patrols. Meanwhile allied aviators daringly fly a few hundred feet overhead, bombarding and ma chine gunning the German batteries and columns on the march. Tank Crows Heroes. The tank crews, have been heroes ir. this chase. Alter breaking up the enemy , front line and preparing the way !or an advance of infantry the tanks have throughout continued to exploit the success gained. Some tanks have even attacked the enemy artillery batteries and killed all the gunners, thus permitting the infantry to capture many of these weapons. There is not a tank in the section of tanks which has not taken part in the fighting that has not from 15 to 20 machine guns to its credit. Most of the prisoners declare that the losses caused by the tanks have been terrible The line where the Germans with drawal has uttiired its greatest depth is northeast of Chateau Chierry The depth from that point gradually becomes narrower until it is quila email on ncating the Eastern pivot on tie front Southwest of Rheims. Both here and araunci Soissons, the other pivot, the ground is admirably suiter, for defense. In the vicinity of these two points the Germans have concen trated most of their artillery and large forces ol infantry knowing that if a breach be made a^t either place by the allies a great majority of the Ger man troops occupying the remainder of the pocket must be sacrificed. The method of retirement adopted by the enemy consists of first retir ing one company, from every two com* panics, then two sections from the re* maining company. Then the last sec* tion withdraws leaving only a few men with machine guns to cover the retreat. These men are sacrificed but sometimes they manage to rejoin their comrades and the maneuver is re peated . -w.s.s.-* An Ashdown Boy. ' Lieut. Clyde Phillips was one of the officers detailed to receive machine gun instruction In England. ^ TO CAMP PIKE Five Negroes Sent to Camp Pike Tues day Morning. The local exemption board sent a quota of 5 negroes to Camp Pike Tues day morning. This concludes the quo ta lor July, wwhich totaled 104 men in ail. The August quota will be as large and it is intimated it may be even some larger. The first contin gent will go to Camp Shelby, Miss., ou the 6th and will consist of ten white men. The negroes who went Tuesd.y were: Will Montue, John Pichards, Will Rose, Lucious Wilder and Prank Rob erts. Go August Sixth. Ten of the following white men of the August draft will go to Camp Shelby on the 6th. After the first three names the others are from the 1918 class, or young men registering this year: William P. Crawford, Clem W. At kins, William R. (Tabler, Tomie Smith, Tom Warmaclt, Joe Fred Martin, Jesse Merkerson, John Brinkley, Claud F. Martin, Meetle Decker, Emanuel Pounds, Robert J. Busn. -W.S.S. AVIATOR IS VISITOR — Lands at Texarkana on Test Flight From Gerstner Field. Texarkana, July 28.—The first bird man to visit this city from the clouds was Lieutenant Mosier, from Gerstner Field, near Alexandria, La., who land ed in the North suburbs this morning and 3pent several hours here. He left Lake Charles at 3:15 p. m. yesterday, using a primary training plane on a competitive trip, to see how far he could fly with a tank of gas with no reserve supply. He landed at Lockes burg, 70 miles North of here, and about 300 miles from Lake Charles, at 7 o’clock last night. He spent the night there and started leisurly on his return trip' this morning. He spent several hours here and at noon was guest of United States Senator Morris Sheppard and N. p. Sanderson at a luncheon at the home of William Buchanan. He le.'t here at 2:30 for Shreveport, where he intended to spend the night. Passed Over Ashdown, ,*• This airplane passed over Ashdown Saturday afternoon going north. It seemed to have followed the K. C. S. tracks from Texarkana. Again Sun day morning about 10 o’clock it again passed over the city going south on its return from Lockesburg. A number of people heard the hum of the motors and looking up saw the plane. The pilot made a turn over the centre of town and again headed south. On reaching the southern part of town lie came lower down so that the stars on the planes could be seen. Thi3 is the ’ first plane known to have passed di- j rectly this way, though a short time ago one passed over Winthrop while making a record* flight from Illinois . through Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkan- 1 sas, Oklahoma and Texas to San An- i tonio. It made stops only at regular i aviation fields. -W.S.S.- j Cemetery Yioiktug. There will be a working at the i Hicks cemetery Wednesday, August * < Everybody come and bring dinner.— I E. E. Johnston and A. C. Stephens. j Hicks cemetery, Wednesday, August 7. -W.S.S. ATTACKS VON HERTLING j * 1 — Maximilian Denies Statement That AN I lies Would Annihilate Germany. j Amsterdam, July 28.—Maximilian j Hardin devotes, practically the whole ; of today’s Die Zukunft to proving i that Chancellor von Hertling’s charge 1 against the allies that they want to § annihilate Germany is untrue. Har- , den quotes President Wilson’s Mount < Vernon speech and A. J. Balfour's last ' Hous e of Commons speech to show , how bitter the entente nations are r against militarism, but that they are | ready to give the German people a ' fair chance. ■ He compares these speeches with those recently delivered j either by the German chancellor or | various junkers in the Prussian upper | house, where the demand tor unlimited annexations is continually heard . / He concludes by aaymg: “Germany must begin to see clear ly on which side is the will to a nexations. Germany must begin fight against this power In her —a power with which Germany self long ago became dlsguated/*^.