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SATURDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1920. NUMBER 84.
--— ' ' III ——— I I —^^—1—^ COTTON FARMERS SHOULD NOT ROCK THE COAT Commissioner of Agriculture of Ala bama Hakes Appeal to Cotton Men of the South. The News is in receipt of a letter from M. C. Allgood, Commissioner ot Agriculture of Alabama, in wb'ch he points out some very interesting datta. The letter follows: “Less than 120 days ago cotton was selling for 40 cents; today only 20 cents is offered. The South will pro duce 12 million bales, which, is sold at 40 cents, will bring two billion four hundred million dollars; if sold at 20 cents will bring one billion two hun dred million. A loss of one billion two hundred million in four months will bankrupt our section. Our lands and all other property will depreciate In value; our banks, merchants, clerks, laborers, (organized or unorganized): traveling salesmen, hotels, doctors, factories, schools, churches, towns, cities, and railroads will suffer, and above all our farm population will be come disgusted and thousands will leave the farm never to return. “This department sent out question naires on the cost of producing this cotton cron, and the average cost was above 34 certs per pound based uu a yield of 3i5 pounds of seed per acre Into this coot was figured rent of land, preparation of land, fertilization, plant ing, barring off, chopping, hosing, fighting weevils, cultivation, picking, hauling to gin and market, ginning, blacksmithing, etc. Forty-four per cent of the total cost was tor numan labor. Thus the balance, or 66 per , cent, was an actual outlay of money out of the farmers’ pockets or bank accounts. Fifty-six per cent of 34 cents, about the present selling price, which leaves nothing to the millions who produced it. So the speculators, bear gamblers, and peanut politicians are asking us to feed and clothe our-, selves and work eight months for nothing. A run has been made on our property. When a run is started on a bank the bank can appeal to State Banking Department, which will take over the bank and give It time to make arrangements to meet the emergency, ' “What would the bankers, merch ants, manufacturers, coal operators, railroads, newspapers, and other lines of business do if their asset had been Cut half by speculators or manipula tors in four months’ time? They would either break or close up shop. Like wise the farmer must close up shop or break. We do not want to break, so the only thing to do is to close up shop. Do not sell a bale for sixty days. The mills only have sixty days’ supply of cotton on hand, and if we hold till that is gone there will be the wildest scramble for cdtton the^world has ever seen. If it is in the farmers’ hands, the farmer will get his price; if it is in the speculators’ hands the speculator will fix the price. The mills are shutting down because the farmer who sells is helping the bear gambler ruin the market, the mills Farmers Union Held Meet ing at Oak Hill Saturday Oak Hill Community, Oct 22.—The Farmers Educational and Cooperative Union of Little River county met with th© Oak Hill local Friday, October 15 The opening address was made by Rev. D. H. Wood, of Oak Hill, and tvas responded to by County Secretary of the Farm Bureau Geo. M. Johnston and H. P. Haizlip. Afterwards din ner was served on the grounds. The afternoon program was an .ad dress on “Farm Experience” by Mr, Rogers of Columbia county. This was followed by a closed door for the county meeting. -o BROUGH WIRES WILSON Asks That The President Held The Southern Farmers. Little Rock, Oct. 22.—(Special) — That the agricultural interests of the state are In need of assistance is stres ed by Governor Brough in the follow ing telegram which he sent yesterday to the president: “All farm commodities in Ark ansas very seriously depressed. We earnestly urge the revival or work by the War Finance Corpora tion to aid credit in middle Europe for sale of staple agricultural pro ducts.’* _r%_ Quorum Court To Meet, The Little River quorum court will convene in Ashdown next Wednesday, Much work is expected to be done by this body of justices. will not buy on a declining market, but will buy on a rising market. Night Riders Doing Harm. The night riderS may think they are helping the cause, but they are injur ing it. Cease destroying and let the farmers gin their cotton, so they can borrow money on itj “Farmers, keep faith with those you owe. Turn over the receipts, or if you do not put in warehouse turn the cotton to the man you owe, if he wants it. In turn, I beseech the business people to keep faith with the farmer and extend his notes or lend him mon ey if he has the cotton. There is no better collateral than cotton. “The world is naked and needs more than we have grown, but can not pay for it all at once. The cotton farmer is not a profiteer. He has never received more than 45 cents for his cotton; and you. can weigh shirts, handkerchiefs, -bed sheets, and dress goods and you will find that he pays from three to ten dollars a pound for his cotton when he buys it b^ck, Strong Holding Movement. “There is the strongest holding movement on in the South in its his tory. The farmers are simply fighting for their rights, and if they win arid sell their cotton for 40 cents as against 20, they will save orie billion two hun dred million; if they sell at 20 cents the bear speculators will take all the profit.” I 5 * * I ’ . ^ • . V f g,; '/ f* • • . 4 . v v *■ •• . t", * ■ ™ - ■ r-'j T ~i"-'1 ■ • •- - r.. -fc; ... ■ . 1 ... V I Our Idea ol a Bank; ft ■.«><:<« - ;.m_ ««<wf «. r.nf ?'ln‘ We want this bank to mean some thing more than a place to deposit money i or cash cheeks. We want it to be a com munity institution—useful* to you and to every one who lives in our community. The conveniences of our rest room, community room, customers’ room and , other facilities are at your disposal. We will be satisfied—when you and our other friends.make full use of every facility pi this bank. It will be to your satisfaction, too. '» « ' I . H A ARKANSAS STATEBANK “No Red Tape--Wc Do or We Don’t” \ ■■ ’ i \ “MOONSHINE MILL” IS SEIZED IN CITY LIMITS Half Barrel of Mash and Fire Gallons of Beer Seized by Local Officers Tuesday at Noon. Constable J. R. Furlow, deputy O. D. j Turner, Deputy Marshal Jim Medley, and Mayor J. E. Locke raid ed a negro house in the oil Mill negro quarters Tuesday at about] ^noon and seized a half barrel of mash, and a five gallon keg of “good” beer. ] together with Elsie Hall, a negro man, who is charged with making the re freshing drinks. The house was oc cupied by Hall and it is alleged that Henry Sledge, another negro, was a partner in the gin mill. The mash and beer, together with Elsie Hall were placed in jail, but the other negro Henry Sledge has .not been captured. From the odor coming from the mash and beer as it was being hauled throu the streets, it smelled like the real stuff, but Constable Furlow states that be placed it in jail in order to keep it from being sampled too freely, -v-o DISTRICT FAIR OPENS Many Fine Agricultural Exhibits on Display Texarkana. Texarkana, Oct. 19.—Texarkana’s second annual district fair opened to day at Spring Lake park, and will continue through the week. Attend ance today was much larger than ex pected. Many visitors from neighbor ing towns and surrounding territory were present. The exhibits consist of live stock, poultry, farm produce, fac tory products, machinery, domestic and fine arts, ets. An interesting feature is the exhibit of boys’ and girls’ club work and the preserving and canning exhibits by domestic science clubs in the rural districts. The poultry exhibits is unusually large. -o COTTON OF GOOD GRADE • Hempstead County Farmers Urged to Gather Their Crop. Hope, Oct. 20.—Farmers in the Hone trade territory are being urged to gath er their cotton as rapidly as possible in order that most of it may be gotten cut before the fall rains set in. Thus far the cotton gathered has been of a good grade. Not much of the cotton is being sold. -o HOME BREW WORKERS WARNED Are Liable to $1,000 Special Tax In Addition to Fines Assessed. Washington, Oct. 19.—Persons who violate state prohibition laws by man ufacturing or selling either fermented or distilled intoxicated liquors are lia ble upon conviction, not only for the fine and penalty levied by the court, but must also pay the federal govern ment $1,000 as a special tax. Internal Revenue Commissioner Williams in structed prohibition agents and inter nal revenue colleltors that a provis ion of the revenue laws of 1918 impos ing the tax was in effect and directed them to carry it out. ——.-o MILL CLOSES DOWN Mill at Bed Bluff Closes Plant When Lumber Sales Drop. The lumber mill of tho De Queen Lumber Company at Red Bluff, 11 mlleB east of Ashdown, has closed Its mill for the present The reason is given as the lack of demand for lum ber, J. T. Burlingame is manager of .this mill. * -o ACCIDENTALLY SHOT Woman at Twin Cities Accidently Shot and Seriously Wounded. ■ , -■ " «' Texarkana. Qot. 19. — Mrs. W. D. Wroten, wife of a' farmer living near Fouke, 16 miles south, was accidentall’’ shot at her home Saturday afternoon while a. member of the family was cleaning a pistol. She was brought here for treatment at a local sanitar ium. It is believed that she will re cover, . | o * \ t-o— Drilling on Well Starts. , * Foreman] Oct 22.—(Special)—Drill ing in the Sullivan well on W. W. Ellis’ place begaijL Wednesday. A depth of 70 feet waa reached, that day. Do You Understand the League of Nations? Little Rock, Oct. 22.—(Special) — Do you understand the League bf Nations? This is a pertinent personal question, addressed to every man and woman in Arkansas. That all may form an intelligent idea of the league, "qyernor Brough has suggested that aday, October 24th, be set aside as ,’gue of Nations’ Sunday. The gov 't. ;*icr believes that the covenant “is a gVeat code of practical, moral ideal ism, calculated to prevent the recur rence of barbarous wars.” He be lieves that the acceptance or rejection of the covenant is one of the greatest issues ever presented to th American people, "and that our citizenship re gardless of party affiliations should make a careful study of its provisions, keeping in mind the enormous loss in human life and in economic resources that may not only attach to wars but also to reconstruction periods follow ling wars.” In his proclamation, the governor asks all citizens to study carefully the provisions of the docu ment and requests all public school teachers to acquaint the school child • ren with it's purposes and contents. -O-;— AUTO HITS STREET CAR Woman Is Injured When Street Car and Auto Collide. Texarkana, Oct. 19, — Mrs. Emma Huff of the Arkansas side is in a local hospital suffering with a broken arm and several ugly body bruises, sustained in an accident Sunday aft ernoon when an automobile in which she was riding collided with a street car at the intersection of Fourth and State streets. Tolman Laird, who was driving the car, was badly cut about the face and one of )his teeth was knocked out. The collision occurcerL during a blinding rainstorm, sary curtains of the automobile were^^01 and Laird did not see the street'eII)tl until it was too late to avoid the the ’cident. The rainfall during the hac amounted to four inches, the lc ^ tJ den points about the city being flooded^ con ——°- T1 • krd CURING PLANT COMPLETED001 1 Two Thousand Bnsliels The CaptfO. 1 Of Plant at Hope* r NC Hope, Oct. 20.—A sweet potato ing plant with a capacity of 2000 1ATIT els was completed hero today , farmers who are interested^in the ject plan to begin at once tov vest their crops. The acreage p'osus< ed to potatoes this year is not jon < large but the crop is good and ing t house will be filled to overflowing'Ae s! no nl 1 TAFT ATTACKS WILSON * —- In Says He Destroyed the League ot5 lions Himself. | Chicago, Oct. 20.—Former Presfis William Howard Taft in an ad(Jl at Northwestern University toi.g said Senator Harding had made.( clear that this country should 3; In an association of nations to vent war, and that only by elec^j of the Republican nominee can pj, ress he made toward bringing, a United States into such an asB<a tion. He denounced the Wilson*' ministration, saying the presij, “destroyed his own league thr< jealousy for power,” and termed O' ernor Cox as a “shifty politician."*1 -o- N VICTIM OF HANGING GAME^ “Strung Up" by Playmates at Eu<~ He Strangled to Death. 0 Eudofa, Oct. 19.—Charles Weiss^ year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. „] wfeiss of Eudora, was the victim daV of a game of “playing hangig which was participated In by sev^ youngsters at the Weiss home,, rope was placed under Charles’ ar^ It slipped and caught the youth uu, his chin’and strangled him to de^ One end of the rope was attache^ a rafter of the Weiss barn, and wj the other boys raised young W from the 'floor they did not notice ■, rope had slipped. That fact was discovered ontil ’the boy was di The boy’s parents were attending funeral at the time. t* f. f if I COTTON UP A LITTLE! Cotton opened upward 90 points Friday morning, and this place short cotton from 18 to(19 cents. Very lit tle was being sold on the local market. One long staple bale from Ben Lom ond was sold for 32 4 cents. PROPOSED AMENDMENTS ARE WITHOUT OPPOSITION The Three Proposed Amendments to The Constitution Is Meeting Very Little Opposition. (By Clio Harper) Little Rock, Oct. 22,—(Special) — Thus far no special opposition has de veloped anywhere against the propos ed amendments to the constitution, to be voted on at the November election. These amendments provide for woman suffrage, an increase in the personnel of the Supreme Court and improvement in the Initiative and Referendum. Not only is there no organized flWtapparent opposition, but all elements seem to be favorable to their adoption. Former differences, particularly with refer ence to the Supreme Court amend ment, have been reconciled and the supporters of the Initiative and Refer endum amendment, are found equally in favor of the Supreme Court pro position. It is recognized by all that relief is needed to insure the speedy and deliberate dispatch of litigation coming before the highest tribunal of the state. It is also recognized by the legal fraternity that the proposed changes in the Initiative And Refer endum will be desirable and will re sult in the Initiative and Referendum will be desirable and will result in a more Democratic agency for direct leg islation. Colonel McRae, the Democratic nom inee for governor, Governor Brough, members of Congress and other promi nent leaders have endorsed the pro positions, and their support will have great weight with the voters on Nov ember 10. Governor Brough declares that his interest in the passage of the Supreme Court amendment is purely for the welfare of the state, as the Supreme Court justices should be giv en relief and should be paid salaries commensurate wjjh t>>o <r•yripon ntea ithin the that been hith, 1 ad fol ition tion, ease erne, sing tion an ling >ro vis ’:en >ion e is Sent ) Vis *ila Lne. Su IJ Allene School Opened Mon= day With Good Attendance Allene, Oct. 21.—(Special)—The Al lene public school opened Monday, Oct. 18, with 62 pupils present for the first roll call. The members of the school board present were, C. W. Wright, president, R. L. Johnson and W. N. Burt. Mr. Johnson made a good talk on education; Mr, Wright also made a nice talk. We were glad to have sev eral ladies present. On Tuesday sev eral new pupils were enrolled and our school and class organization was completed. We were happily surpris ed by our county superintendent. Prof. L. F. Wheelis, who spent the after noon with the school. All enjoyed a good educational talk by the superin tendent. He placed great stress on such points as co-operation of patrons with teachers, school improvement as sociations. the value of time, the pre paration for county school rail, and many other questions. The school is progressing nively with W. D. Buercklin as principal and as sistant Miss Hazel McKee. __r\_ ABSENTEE VOTERS May Vote in the General Election In November . Little Rock, Oct. 22.— (Special) — Attorney General Arbuckle has given an opinion to the effect that the Ab sentee Voters Law will apply to the general election in November, as well as to the primary election. He sug gests tha tthe election officials of the various counties should provide the various precincts with proper affidavits to be filled in by the voters. -o WOULD RECOGNIZE MEXICO Texas Governor Is Anxious to Recog nize Mexico. Austin, Oct. 20.—There is no longer any reason for withholding recognition of the new Mexican government, Gov ernor W. P. Hobby declared in a tele gram sent, to President Wilson late to day. The governor continued that recog nition should be granted at once, “be cause it means much to tne United States as well as to Mexico and will mean even more now than if post poned to a later date.” -o Big Taters Grow in the High Sandy Land Special to the News. Oak Groce Community. Oct. 22. — Albert Waddell has just harvested a fine lot of potatoes. They are the Nancy Hall variety and as fine as they usually grow. This is Waddell’s first year In Arkansas and he is showing us who are from ‘Mizzoo” how to raise stuff that aint cotton. It might be well for many to get this lesson. This same man made $200.00 an acre with cantaloupes this year. Also had a small patch of sorghum cane that made more than 200 gallons. I Service is at Your ommand. Supervision, favored with a wtent business men engaged enterprise, the First national an advantageous medium conduct your financial trans and corporation accounts re* ty, attention consideration in rod and equitable banking %